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Upholstery is the work of providing furniture, especially seats, with padding, springs, webbing, and fabric or leather covers. Though much of the frame is often hidden in the final product, some wood--called "show-wood" can remain visible on the end product. Modern upholstered furniture may include frame elements that are made of metal, plastic, or other similar materials. There are three varieties of support systems that might be found in upholstered items: solid support systems, tension support systems, and springsupport systems. A spring support system is most common on a couch, and easy chair, or similar comfortable furniture.
Sinuous springs are heavy-gauge steel springs that have been heat-formed into continuous "S" shapes. Eight-way hand-tied springs have a wide range of movement providing a very even and individual "sit", because they move up and down and from side to side. Once a piece of upholstered furniture has its frame and springs, the next components to be added are the cushions and padding.
Most cushions are made of a high-density foam core that is then wrapped with either soft polyester, feather and down, or a hypoallergenic down substitute. Feather and down offer the maximum comfort and softness in cushions and pillows that most people desire and designers prefer.
Buckwheat hulls are also used as filling for a variety of upholstered goods, including pillows and zafu. Textiles, a term used in the furniture industry, encompass both fabrics and leathers and the choice of textiles can account for up to 80% of furniture price. Tightly woven fabrics and blends tend to wear longer than light or loose-weave natural fibers. Aniline dyeing is a high quality process that imparts color but does not disguise the natural character of the hide.
An automotive upholsterer, also known as a trimmer, coachtrimmer or motor trimmer, shares many of the skills required in upholstery, in addition to being able to work with carpet. The term coachtrimmer derives from the days when car bodies were produced by manufacturers and delivered to coachbuilders to add a car body and interior trimmings.
Many automotive trimmers now work either in automotive design or with aftermarket trim shops carrying out repairs, restorations or conversions for customers directly. Stainless-steel hardware such as staples, screws must be used for a quality job that will last. Usually a high-resiliency, high-density plastic foam with a thin film of plastic over it is used to keep out water that might get by the seams.

Upholder is an archaic term used for upholsterer in the past, although it appears to have a connotation of repairing furniture rather than creating new upholstered pieces from scratch (c.f. In 18th-century London, upholders frequently served as interior decorators responsible for all aspects of a room's decor.[3] These individuals were members of the Worshipful Company of Upholders, whose traditional role, prior to the 18th century, was to provide upholstery and textiles and the fittings for funerals.
Kenneth Cobonpue design a variety of outdoor and indoor furniture products are always giving appeal. Later versions for outdoor use acrylic fabric, reticulated foam is available in: yellow, pale gray, silver. The word upholstery comes from the Middle English word upholder,[1] which referred to a tradesman who held up his goods. The most common type of tension support is a system of webbing, interwoven to create a relatively solid surface, which is subsequently padded and covered. Furniture manufacturers employ two main types of spring support systems: standard springs, zig zag Springs and eight-way hand tied springs, coil springs. Most manufacturers offer either sinuous springs or drop-in-springs as their standard, depending on how they make their furniture.
In the construction of these systems, the craftsman individually ties heavy-gauge coils from front to back, side to side and diagonally (eight ways) to provide the highest level of quality, comfort and durability.
Dacron (a synthetic) adds resilience so that pillows and seats keep their shape, while the wraps form a soft envelope.
Feather and down back pillows and wrapped seat cushions can always be "fluffed-up" to maintain an attractive look. To create quality leather, top-grain hides are tanned, processed and dyed to give a certain color or look.
Trimmers would produce soft furnishings, carpets, soft tops and roof linings often to order to customer specifications.
A few high-quality motor car manufacturers still employ trimmers, for example, Aston Martin.
Examples would be restaurant seating consisting of booth seats, dining room chairs, bar stools, etc. These craftsmen continue to create or recreate many antique and modern pieces of furniture.
Its products have always had good quality of design and material, the following is the latest product designed by Kenneth Cobonpue.
Looks simple and minimalist design, using an iron pipe which is then overlaid with a woven fabric.
This is a collection of furniture that is beautiful, elegant and functional, and may be the best choice for your home decor.

These woods are stronger than softwood in general, and allow for joints that are less likely to loosen over time.
Though cheaper and lighter than a solid support system, a tension support system may be less rugged and more prone to deterioration or loosening over time. When the spring system is finished with a top layer of padding, it is commonly called the "seat deck". Drop-in springs are mass-manufactured, welded units that are more cheaply manufactured and considered to be of lower quality than sinuous springs. Feather and down fills and wraps require a little more maintenance than polyester and high density-foam but they have greater comfort, durability and resilience.
They are sometimes marketed as an alternative natural fill to feathers for those with allergies. Tanning refers to the process in which salts are used to cure the hide and to stabilize its shape. Later, trim shops were often an in-house part of the production line as the production process was broken down into smaller parts manageable by semi-skilled labor. Also churches, including but not limited to pews and chairs for the congregation, hospitals and clinics consisting of medical tables, chiropractic tables, dental chairs, etc. The results of the woven fabric that covered the whole of the sofa and chairs to create a unique and elegant shape. Version for indoor use polyester fabric, reticulated foam is available in: charcoal, plum, sand. A person who works with upholstery is called an upholsterer; an apprentice upholsterer is sometimes called an outsider or trimmer.
Nails, screws, tacks and staples, all of which may be a part of the upholstering process, hold better in hardwood than in softwood. Hardwood laminates or even plywood are used in bracing and blocking joints, since laminates are stronger than their solid-wood counterparts.
In contrast, modern upholsterers employ synthetic materials like dacron and vinyl, serpentine springs, and so on. Any commercial use or distribution without the express written consent of publisher is strictly prohibited.

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