Wood joints app android,garden bench build 6002,outdoor chairs plans free 06 - New On 2016

19.01.2014
Wood and Wood Joints Building Traditions of Europe and JapanAuthor: Klaus ZwergerBuilding with wood as an ecologically viable material is a tradition with a long history in both Eastern and Western culture. By using this Web site, you confirm that you have read, understood, and agreed to be bound by the Terms of Use. Please Select Username to appear on public areas of the site like community and recipe comments.
Speed up your woodworking projects, improve the quality of glue connections and make your project look better with these tips for gluing wood.
You may have heard that PVA glue goes bad after freezing or sitting around for a long time, but the truth is that it might still be OK. Finishing the parts of your project before you assemble them can be a great time-saver and allow you to get a better-quality finish. Flux brushes, available in the plumbing department of hardware stores and home centers, are just right for applying and spreading glue. When you use steel bar clamps or pipe clamps, and wood glue comes in contact with the clamp, the moisture in the glue can cause the steel to leave a dark mark on your wood. When you're gluing several boards together, it can be difficult to get all the top surfaces perfectly aligned. Of course you reach for a superglue (cyanocacrylate glue, or CA) to fix a broken teacup handle.
When you're gluing large surfaces, an inexpensive notched plastic trowel works great for spreading the glue.
Look at any woodworkers' forum and you'll likely find a debate about the best way to remove glue squeeze-out. Wood glue makes boards slippery, so it can be hard to keep them lined up correctly while you apply clamps. An exterior-grade yellow woodworking glue may work fine, especially if it's protected by a coat of paint or somewhere out of the rain. Glue squeeze-out soaks into the fibers of raw wood, leaving blemishes when you later apply the finish.The usual solution for this is to clean it off with a wet rag or sponge.
When you need wood filler that matches the color of your project, mix some fine sawdust and glue together until it forms a paste, which you can use to fill small gaps and cracks. PVA glue has lots of water in it, and that water will cause the wood edges at glue joints to swell.


The beauty of timber structures and their detailing is captured here in superb photographs and 3-dimensional drawings reveal the secret life hidden within the wood joints. But for a strong glue joint, you have to keep the joints free of finish (glue doesn't stick to varnish or stains very well).
They work especially well for gluing intricate joints like the ones in the coped door rail shown here. Simply apply glue to the edges of one or both boards and rub them together to help spread the glue evenly before clamping.
You may still have a little cleanup to do, but it's a lot less work than cleaning up wet glue or removing hard glue. And if you don't get it all off the surface when it's wet, the dried glue can show up as light spots when you finish your project. An easy solution is to hold the parts in alignment with a few strategically placed brads before you apply the clamps.
However, for joints that get a lot of weather, use polyurethane glue; it's fully waterproof and bonds wood and other materials well.
For best results, use sawdust from the same species of wood as your project; you can get some from the bag on your electric sander.
If you plane or sand glued-up panels too soon, you could be left with sunken joints after the wood dries and shrinks to its original state. Sometimes you want a quick bond, but on a complicated glue-up, you might want more time before the glue starts to set up. For most outdoor projects, however, choose “waterproof” glue, which comes in both PVA and polyurethane formulas.
You can store a wet brush for a few days in water and then wash and use it over and over again.
In fact, CA glue is really handy for attaching small trim pieces that would be hard to clamp. If you're fortunate enough to have a pair of “pinking” shears in the family sewing basket, you can make our own spreader from an expired credit card.
The next day you discover the rock-hard glue and realize that you forgot to scrape off the glue squeeze-out. For leg glue-ups like we show here, cut your parts extra long and place the brads where they'll get cut off during the finishing process.


It's better to stick down masking tape along both edges of the joint before gluing.The excess glue will then squeeze out onto the tape instead of the wood, and you can just peel the glue away when it's dry.
Most water-based glues reach full cure in about 24 hours, but it can take several days for swollen glue joints to shrink back to size. Also sometimes called carpenter’s glue, wood glue is formulated to penetrate wood fibers, making glue joints that are stronger than the wood itself. If glue flows freely from the bottle and feels slippery between your fingers—not stringy or clumpy—it’s probably OK to use.
Both types are plenty strong and stand up to the weather, but polyurethane glue has the added benefit of being able to bond materials like stone, metal and glass. Let the glue joint set for about 20 to 30 minutes, then release the clamps and add another board. We think that in most cases the best method is to wait about 30 to 60 minutes—just until the glue turns a darker color and changes to a gel—and then shave it off with a sharp chisel.
If you’re gluing up a fine piece of furniture that you hope will become a family heirloom, wait a few days after gluing up your project before sanding or planing.
Unlike a rag, which is hard to rinse glue from, the pad has a loose synthetic weave that releases glue easily. When this perfect glue joint sets a little, you'll find it easy to scrape off the jelled excess, and you'll have very little cleanup to do. If you'll be using a water-based finish, you'll get the best results with a “no-bleed” tape such as green Frog Tape and ScotchBlue painter's tape. But it makes it a lot easier to keep all of the boards' top surfaces flush, which makes for much easier flattening and sanding of the surface. Either a sharp steel scraper or, better yet, a carbide paint scraper will pop off all those glue beads in a heartbeat. Green abrasive pads are found with the cleaning supplies at grocery stores, hardware stores and home centers.



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