Wood pattern linoleum floor ideas,diy tile inlay coffee table,toy organizer plans 2014 - Review

This article provides a guide to estimating the age of all types of flooring materials in buildings as a guide to determining building age.
Resilient floor coverings include organic flooring materials such as asphalt tile, cork tile, linoleum, rubber flooring, vinyl tile, vinyl sheet flooring. ASBESTOS FLOOR TILE LAB PROCEDURES - photos of how vinyl asbestos flooring is analyzed in the lab. In 1920 asphalt roofing manufacturers, who had been using asphalt and fiber binders to make asphalt roofing shingles for some time, tried to develop a rigid product that could be a substitute for (more costly) slate roofing. The material did not perform acceptably as a roof covering, but it led to the development of asphalt floor tiles. Asphalt floor tiles are 9" square (or other sized) tiles which used asphalt as the main binding material. Rosato indicates that the first publicized asphalt tile installation was in 1920 in New York City's Western Union office.
The product was very successful and by 1936 over four million square yards of asphalt floor tiles were being sold annually. While asbestos-containing floor tiles were made in a wide variety of colors and patterns, if you encounter black or very dark asphalt floor tiles they are probably particularly high in asbestos fibers.
Asphalt -asbestos tiles manufactured early in their life (1920's) were either black, near black, brown, or a gray-brown tone.
Gilsonite could be used to produce a wider range of mixtures, but required some asphalt as a softener. Cork floors, real cork flooring, were and are a wood product made out of cork from the cork oak tree (Quercus suber) native to Mediterranean countries, primarily Spain and Portugal. Armstrong's familiarity with cork grew into today's Armstrong Corporation worldwide as one of the largest flooring producers.
The Dodge Cork Company, a second Lancaster PA flooring company, also has a long history in floor covering production, dating from its founding in 1926. Contemporary snap-together flooring products that resemble wood or other surfaces, but are made of plastic, and other pre-finished and ready-to-assemble wood flooring products are a much more modern product. Pergo™ laminate flooring, for example, was developed by Pergo AB, a Swedish company founded around 1890 as a vinegar manufacturer. Just seeing Pergo™ laminate flooring over a plywood subfloor is not sufficient data to conclude the age of a home. Prior to the development of linoleum sheet flooring, floor coverings were made of painted canvas. As discussed at ASBESTOS FLOOR TILE IDENTIFICATION PHOTOS by YEAR that Linoleum may be used as a generic term for older sheet floorings (sometimes incorrectly). Details about the history of Sheet and Tile Resilient flooring are also discussed at FLOOR TILE HISTORY & INGREDIENTS. Vinyl floor tiles, including vinyl-asbestos floor tiles and homogenous vinyl floor tiles (non-asbestos product) are almost as old as asphalt floor tiles.
Asphalt-based flooring as it was originally produced used heavy asphalt products which meant that the floor tiles could be made in dark colors only.
Soon after asphalt-asbestos floor tiles were marketed manufacturers heard from their buyers that consumers wanted lighter floor tiles and tiles of varying color and pattern.
The list of flooring types by wood species, widths, thickness, edge types (square, shiplap, tongue & groove), and the history and age of the use of these products in buildings is enormous. Here we collect and provide photographs of a collection of wood flooring types as an aid to flooring restorers, preservationists, and inspectors wishing to determine the age of a building and its materials. Please see  Wood Floor Types for a detailed inventory of types and eras of use of various types of wood flooring such as wideboard wood floors, solid strip flooring, solid short-strip flooring, and pre-finished wood floor materials. We also distinguish between square-edged solid floor boards, shiplap edged flooring, and tongue-and groove flooring among older types of solid wood floors and subfloors. The shiplap-edged solid wideboard floor floor shown in our photo (left) was in an 1860's frame home restored by the author.
Below we include (for now) flooring materials that have come into popular use in the last 250 years.
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America's Favorite Homes, mail-order catalogues as a guide to popular early 20th-century houses, Robert Schweitzer, Michael W.R. Kathleen Snodgrass, Project Leader, United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Technology & Development Program, August 2007, 7300-0773-2322-MTDC. Asbestos products and their history and use in various building materials such as asphalt and vinyl flooring includes discussion which draws on Asbestos, Its Industrial Applications, D.V.

What roles did community planning, zoning, and interior design play in how neighborhoods worked? Pergo AB, division of Perstorp AB, is a Swedish manufacturer or modern laminate flooring products. Our recommended books about building & mechanical systems design, inspection, problem diagnosis, and repair, and about indoor environment and IAQ testing, diagnosis, and cleanup are at the InspectAPedia Bookstore.
The Stairway Manufacturers' Association, (877) 500-5759, provides a pictorial guide to the stair and railing portion of the International Residential Code.
The Illustrated Home illustrates construction details and building components, a reference for owners & inspectors. The size, thickness, color, and patterns of floor tiles can distinguish between asphalt-asbestos and vinyl-asbestos flooring. Dark vinyl-asbestos tiles used, for example, a mixture of 40 parts asphalt or gilsonite, 60 parts asbestos floats, 30 parts powdered limestone, and pigments (parts by weight). The bark of the cork oak is or was harvested once every nine or ten years, without injuring the tree. Thomas Armstrong, a Scotch-Irish immigrant, began his business as a cork cutter in 1860, delivering hand-carved bottle corks by wheelbarrow. Dodge Cork notes that their cork floors were used by Frank lloyd Wright at Falling Waters and of course in many other buildings and that the company was producing a million square feet of cork floor tiles a month by 1962, probably a peak in the cork floor market.
Product development for Pergo laminate flooring began in 1977 and was first brought to the market in 1984.
Older carpeting may have been removed to expose a plywood subfloor over which the laminate flooring was then installed. According to Rosato, "The original resilient floor coverings were developed during the latter part of the Nineteenth Century by Frederick Walton.
Linoleum was invented as a ship deck, later floor covering in 1860 by Frederick Walton to describe sheet flooring. Some basic flooring materials and floor coverings such as stone, slate, brick, carpets and tapestry have a much older history.
Natural tar was used to produce waterproof coverings since colonial times (ca 1760) by impregnating cloth, felt, or paper with bitumen, semi-solid residues of tar and asphalt. The text is intended as a reference guide to help building owners operate and maintain their home effectively. Name Mail (will not be published) Website Facebook Discussions on Wood Look Tile Floors Plan Tile Kitchen Floors Tile For Bathrooms Linoleum Flooring Bathroom Floor Tile Ideas Slate Tile Flooring Ideas Porcelain Tile Bathroom Shower Floor Tile Ideas Black Tile Floor Best Bathroom Tiles Basement Tile Hexagon Floor Tile Tiles For LessJoin the discussion on this Wood Look Tile Floors Plan Tile Kitchen Floors Tile For Bathrooms Linoleum Flooring Bathroom Floor Tile Ideas Slate Tile Flooring Ideas Porcelain Tile Bathroom Shower Floor Tile Ideas Black Tile Floor Best Bathroom Tiles Basement Tile Hexagon Floor Tile Tiles For Less using your faceb??k account below.All contents published under GNU General Public License.
At the end of World War II and combined with the reduction in military consumption of the product, asphalt floor tile sales increased to about 12% of the flooring market (1946), selling 41 million square yards.
IN the 1950's manufacturers changed to use of synthetic organic resins and solvents made of vegetable or petroleum pitches.
In both cases the tiles were hardened by evaporating a solvent used in the fabrication process, or by cooling of hot asphalt used in the mixture. The epitome of a resilient floor, cork flooring can compress up to 40% and still return to its original shape. The use of cork expanded to the construction of corkboards (bulletin boards) and cork-insulated brick. But because this product is has been widely used as a renovation material installed atop older pre-existing finish floor surfaces, one should not presume that the product age is the same as the building age unless the floor was installed as original material - that is, unless it was not installed over an older floor covering.
By the late 1800's techniques were developed to convert tar or asphalt into cold roofing by impregnating sheets or shingles of felt, paper, or cloth with bituminous preparations used in turn for roofing, sheathing, and felt underlayment including in flooring products.
The Manufactured Home Owners Association of America is a National Organization dedicated to the protection of the rights of all people living in Manufactured Housing in the United States. By 1949 the post-war construction boom led to asphalt floor tile sales of 61 million square yards. These new synthetic binders permitted manufacture of lighter colored, brighter floor tiles in a wider range of colors. 71-78, Association for Preservation Technology International (APT), available online at JSTOR. Special Offer: For a 10% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference Book purchased as a single order. Any Pallet or Truckload orders were discounted for check payment and must be paid by check.
A In 1993, the Council became part of the School of Architecture, and since then has been known as the School of Architecture-Building Research Council. Thanks to Alan Carson and Bob Dunlop, for permission for InspectAPedia to use text excerpts from The Home Reference Book & illustrations from The Illustrated Home.

Carson Dunlop Associates' provides extensive home inspection education and report writing material.
Zoom in on your subject using a view-finder so that edges go off at least one side of your page.2. The Council's researchers answered many critical questions that would affect the quality of the nation's housing stock. Special Offer: For a 5% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference eBook purchased as a single order.
His first works were painted in black and white and later introduced color.In 1988, Close suffered a collapsed spinal artery, which left him almost completely paralyzed. A brace on his hand, a wheelchair, and other aids allowed him to paint again.In the 1990s his work became freer and more lively. Each square onhis grid in closeup resembled tiny abstract paintings, but at a distance were monumentalportraits.From the 1970s to the present, Close has used a wide variety of media to create multiple images such as mezzotint, aquatint, linoleum cut, woodcut, screen print, paper pulp, and daguerreotype. Score- making the surface rough in order to join clay pieces togetherStages of Ceramic Clay:1. Leather-hard: The first stage of clay when it still has moisture in it, but can hold its form2. For example, an artist may stylize a model's face and body by eliminating all specifics of personality and character.
Recently, the concept of printmaking has been expanded to include processes such as photography, photocopying, and other non-traditional processes.Original Prints vs. Reproduction Prints- An original print is one made by an artist that is designed to be a print. The artist chooses a specific printmaking medium because of the qualities it will give the print. The original painting, drawing, etc., is photographed and then a reproduction print is made of the original.
Monoprint- (also called monotype) a method of printmaking in which the artist draws an image on a flat inked surface and presses paper against the surface to make a print. Any area that is cut away from the flat surface of the block will be white in the print because the cut-away area will receive no ink.
Intaglio- A print made by inking the area of a metal or plastic plate that has been cut, scratched or etched into the plate. The artist engraves (cuts) or scratches lines into the plate (drypoint) or uses acid to etch lines into the plate. The ink that is on the surface of the plate is then wiped away leaving only the ink that has been caught in the lines of the plate. Intaglio processes require the use of a printing press because of the great pressure needed to press the paper into the small lines of the plate. Aquatint is an etching process that gives artists the ability to create value areas from watery grays to dense blacks. Money is printed by engraving the image on soft steel which is then printed using the intaglio process.
Artist's Proof print- Usually the final proof print(s) before the artist prints an edition of the image.
In making art prints, all the prints are alike, but each is considered to be an original work of art.
Each print is an original because the print is designed to be an image that takes advantage of the qualities of the printmaking process to help get the artist's ideas across in the finished image. They were not concerned the perfection of the subject, they just wanted to observe the subject as closely as possible to represent it as realistically as possible. This group of artists were the first to breakthe rules of academic painting which was very formal, realistic and posed. Other characteristics include using short quick brush strokes, bright colors, a focus on light and it changing qualities, and mixing paint right on the canvas. For example, an artist may stylize a model's face and body by eliminating all specifics of personality and character. Artist's Proof print- Usually the final proof print(s) before the artist prints an edition of the image. Each print is an original because the print is designed to be an image that takes advantage of the qualities of the printmaking process to help get the artist's ideas across in the finished image.

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