We have an Art Studio in Sultanahmet area and we have 2 teachers that are professional in Traditional Turkish Tile & Ceramics workshop. 2 Hours Turkish Tile & Ceramic Workshop ( Per Student ) 2 - 5 Guest ,55 Euro ,6 - more ,40 Euro ,1 Guest 65 Euro,Tour Includes.
Mimar Sinan University,The Anatolian Seljuks were of course influenced by the cultural heritage they encountered in their new homeland, adapting them to the techniques that they had brought with them from the Iranian plateau. A type of architectural decoration used in conjunction with glazed brick was hexagonal, triangular, square, and rectangular monochrome tiles.
Excavations carried out in 1965-66 at Kalehisar near Alacahoyuk have revealed important evidence of the Seljuks' ceramics industry in the 13th century. Sgraffito and slip-decorated wares continuing Seljuk techniques and styles were also produced during the Emirate period. The earliest example of the new styles that emerged in the early Ottoman period are the 'blue-and-white' Iznik ceramics. Another blue-and-white group from Iznik is erroneously called 'Golden Horn ware' because the first examples of it were discovered at a site on the Golden Horn in Istanbul.
Iznik is also where another misnamed group of ceramics known as Damascus ware was manufactured.
Yet another group of polychrome underglaze Iznik ceramics to be erroneously attributed to another place is the one misleadingly known as Rhodos wares, so-called because of the numerous examples of them purchased from the island of Rhodes and taken into the Cluny Museum. As late as the middle of the 16 century, the Ottoman ceramic industry was producing more utensils than architectural tiles. During the first half of the 19th century, Kutahya's ceramics industry suffered a downturn from which it slowly recovered during the second half and into the early part of this century. There is a third important group of Turkish ceramics that are quite different from both the sublime products of Iznik and the humbler wares of Kutahya. To summarize, the art of Turkish tile and ceramic-making developed over the centuries incorporating many different techniques and styles.
The art of Turkish tiles and ceramics have a very important in the history of Islamic art. There is a widely held but quite erroneous belief that figurative painting, is not found in Islamic art due to prohibition by the Koran.
We have an Art Studio in Sultanahmet area and we have 2 teachers that are professional in Traditional Turkish Tile & Ceramics workshop.
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In our place, we give beginner, intermediate & advanced level of traditional Turkish Tile & Ceramic painting lessons. This resulted in a distinctively Anatolian style of Seljuk architecture that was in full bloom by the 13th century.
Unlike brick, these were preferred for indoor applications and were suitable for a multiplicity of geometrical arrangements.
Two kilns were unearthed along with a substantial quantity of kiln material and incomplete and spoiled examples of ceramics decorated with the sgraffito and slip techniques.In the sgraffito technique, the object is allowed to dry to leather-hardness after which the design, usually plant and floral motifs, is incised into the surface, which may or may not be given a coat of slip beforehand. During early Ottoman times, they appear among Iznik wares reflecting the tastes of folk art.In the course of excavations at the site of ancient Miletus, the archaeologist and art historian F.
The techniques involved in their manufacture are quite advanced as compared with anything previously done. Dr Oktay Aslanapa's excavations at Iznik have demonstrated incontrovertibly that these wares were manufactured there. Thereafter however production shifted heavily in favor of the latter as there was a strong surge in the demand for tiles as decorations in the extensive building programs undertaken by Suleyman I (1520-1566) and his successors when the Ottoman Empire was politically, economically, and culturally at its peak.
Thus do we find examples of Kutahya-made tiles decorating a number of late-Ottoman buildings.
Canakkale ceramics have begun attracting the interest and attention of researchers and collectors more and more in recent years.The earliest examples of these ceramics can be dated to the end of the 17th century. Enriched by the arrival of the Seljuks, the ceramic industry in Anatolia achieved a deservedly worldwide reputation with the support of the Ottoman court.
Its roots can be traced at least as far back as the Uighurs of the 8th and 9th centuries. Religious rulings issued only in the ninth century discouraged the representation of any living beings capable of movement but they were not rigidly enforced until the fifteenth century.
Since it's handmade, this means it will be slightly different.??They are made of polyshrink, I protect the painted surface with a thick layer of vitrifying varnish. Its subsequent development was influenced by Karakhanid, Ghaznavid, and (especially) Iranian Seljuk art. Usually lessons are 2 hours based and by the end of 2 hours, you will be able to finish one item like a tile, plate or a figure. Seljuk mosques, medreses (theological academies), tombs, and palaces were lavishly decorated with exquisite tiles. The resulting design is then covered with a transparent glaze of a different color and then the piece is fired. Sarre came across a type of polychrome pottery that erroneously became known as 'Miletus ware'.
Raby has proposed calling them the 'Tugrakes spiral style' instead.5 The motifs of tiny leaves and flowers on spirals are executed in shades of cobalt blue, turquoise, and black. The forerunner of the style is said to be a lamp in the Dome of the Rock that is dated 1549 and bears the signature 'Musli'. These ceramics have an extensive palette and are generally decorated with naturalistic flowers. Countless examples of mosques and tombs not only in Istanbul but all over the empire were adorned with the products of the Iznik potters' skill.These underglaze-decorated ceramics and tiles were decorated with a rich palette of shades of cobalt blue, turquoise, green, black, brown, and the famous 'coral' or tomato red, the last of which appears in a slight relief resembling sealing-wax. The tiles on the Tomb of Sultan Mehmed Resad V in Eyup (Istanbul, 1918) for example were made at the manufactory of Hafiz Emin Usta, which was then operating in Kutahya. Fairly good-quality wares continued to be produced up until the beginning of the 19th century.
Its subsequent development was influenced by Karakhanid, Ghaznavid, and (especially) Iranian Seljuk art. Figural art is especially rich in tiles as well as stone and stucco reliefs of the Seljuk period, adorning both secular and religious reliefs monuments.
With the Seljuks' victory over the Byzantines at Malazgirt in 1071, the art followed them into Anatolia and embarked upon a new period of strong development fostered by the Anatolian Seljuk sultanate.There is a widely held but quite erroneous belief that figurative painting, is not found in Islamic art due to prohibition by the Koran. Examples of such tile-clad structures can still be seen in the Seljuks' capital city of Konya as well as in the cities of Sivas, Tokat, Beysehir, Kayseri, Erzurum, Malatya, and Alanya.The most frequently-encountered type of architectural decoration during the Anatolian Seljuk period involved the use of glazed brick in which glazed (and also unglazed) bricks were arranged to produce a variety of patterns, mostly on the facades of buildings. In the slip technique, the design is painted onto a red-paste surface using diluted white slip to produce a slightly molded effect. We now know, as a result of recent excavations, that these wares were actually made in Iznik. In this object we find a new palette of colors incorporating, in addition to the traditional cobalt blue and turquoise, eggplant violet and a cumin green. Many examples of Kutahya ceramics from this period are to be found in museum and private collections in Turkey.The difficult straits into which the Iznik industry had fallen in the 18th century inspired some in Istanbul to establish a reliable source of tiles that was closer to home and easier to control. In addition, efforts are also being made in private workshops and educational institutions in Iznik, Istanbul, and Bursa to keep the art of traditional Turkish tiles and ceramics alive and develop it so that it can address the demands of modern-day life.Felt Making Workshops in Istanbul,Traditional Turkish Felt Making,Felt is a non-woven cloth that is produced by matting, condensing and pressing woollen fibres. With the Seljuks' victory over the Byzantines at Malazgirt in 1071, the art followed them into Anatolia and embarked upon a new period of strong development fostered by the Anatolian Seljuk sultanate.
The subjects included nobility as well as servants, hunters and hunting animals, trees, birds, sphinxes, lions, sirens, dragons and double-headed eagles. Religious rulings issued only in the ninth century discouraged the representation of any living beings capable of movement but they were not rigidly enforced until the fifteenth century. We also have the Tile owen to finish the process.Group lessons for High Schools and Universities can be provided all year long. Turquoise was the most frequently-used color for glaze although cobalt blue, eggplant violet, and sometimes black were also popular. There are rare examples with traces of gilding.A third technique in which the Anatolian Seljuks were skilled was that of mosaic tile.
The surface is then given a coating of transparent glaze colored blue, green, or light or dark brown and then fired.
The styles, designs, decorations, and techniques of these ceramics are quite distinct from Seljuk traditions. During this period, naturalistic such as tulips, roses, pomegranates and hyacinths begin to enrich the repertoire of stylized plant motifs and arabesques. Although the traditional designs of stylized plant motifs, arabesques, and Chinese clouds appear in the compositions, there is a shift towards a more naturalistic style in which tulips, carnations, hyacinths, roses, spring blossoms, lilies, cypress trees, and clusters of grapes and vine leaves appear. Ibrahim Pasa, a grand vizier during the reign of Ahmed III (1703-1730), had a tile-making factory set up at Tekfur Sarayi in Istanbul. Designs consist of underglaze spots, simply-drawn ships, flowers, fish, birds, and buildings that are applied free-hand.
While some types of felt are very soft, some are tough enough to form construction materials. Figural art is especially rich in tiles as well as stone and stucco reliefs of the Seljuk period, adorning both secular and religious reliefs monuments. This was also employed in interiors, especially in mihrab niches, the interiors of domes, transitions to domes, vaults, and walls. During the firing, the areas decorated with slip assume a lighter shade of the glaze color, which appears darker in the ground. They are decorated with motifs executed in tones of blue, turquoise, and violet under a colorless or colored glaze. These changes in the Iznik potters' production habits are attributed to attempts to imitate the 15th-century Ming porcelains that were reaching the Ottoman court in various ways. Compositions are relaxed and free, offering greater scope for experimentation with new and richer arrangements. The output unfortunately was incomparably inferior to that of Iznik: designs were poor copies of Iznik originals, glazes had a blue cast and were flawed, and colors were dull and lifeless.
Felt can be of any colour, and made into any shape or size.Many cultures have legends as to the origins of feltmaking. Examples in which the motifs have black contours are also known, as are pieces with black decorations under a turquoise glaze.
Tile manufacturing at Tekfur Sarayi lasted thirty years or so and the enterprise was generally regarded as a failure. The most common forms are dishes, plates, and jars.During the 19th century, quality dropped off sharply.
Different styles of calligraphy adorn the tile friezes on monuments; on utensils we find images of ships, 'rock-and-wave' motifs, triple-spots, animal figures, and fish-scale patterns.
Nevertheless some of its output was used in buildings in Istanbul such as the Hekimoglu Ali Pasa Mosque (1734), the Yeni Valide Mosque (Uskudar, 1708), the Cezeri Kasim Pasa Mosque (Eyup, a restoration done in 1726 of a mosque originally built in 1515), and Kandilli Mosque (1751). Forms from this period consist of jars, ewers, jugs, vases, flower-pots, and candle-holders as well as animal and human figurines. The story of Saint Clement and Saint Christopher relates that while fleeing from persecution, the men packed their sandals with wool to prevent blisters. The pieces were arranged glazed-side down after which a whitish mortar was poured over them.
A feature of most 'Miletus' ware is that the interiors are given a coating of slip but part of the exteriors and the bases are not. There is also a proliferation in vessel forms of which deep and footed bowls, vases, ewers, dishes, lamps, candle-holders, and mugs are but a few.Around the middle of the 17th century, the quality of the Iznik potteries began to feel the impact of the economic distress and political upheavals from which the Ottoman Empire had begun to suffer. There is also a hearth, now in the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, whose tiles were made at Tekfur Saray.
Only a single-color glaze was used in these ceramics and there are instances in which black, white, blue, red, yellow, or gilded designs were applied over the glaze.10 Ceramic manufacturing at Canakkale was still being carried out as late as the middle of the 20th century. At the end of their journey, the movement and sweat had turned the wool into felt socks.Feltmaking is still practised by nomadic peoples in Central Asia and northern parts of East Asia, where rugs, tents and clothing are regularly made.
Designs tend to be plant motifs and geometrical arrangements but animal figures are also encountered.
The decorations include stylized foliage, arabesques, and Chinese clouds alone or in skillfully-executed compositions.Iznik blue-and-whites can be classified in a number of subgroups on the basis of their motifs and styles. Some of these are traditional items, such as the classic yurt, while others are designed for the tourist market, such as decorated slippers. Mosaic-tile compositions are generally geometrical but floral motifs and Kufic or Thuluth calligraphy are also found.
The contours of the designs are picked out with a mixture of beeswax or vegetable fat and manganese oxide. One group, with motifs consisting of stylized lobed leaves with curling tips is attributed to a 'Baba Nakkas', a chief designer at the Ottoman court studios in the 15th century, and is therefore known as the Baba Nakkas style .4 Cobalt blue in various tones is the principal color. In the Western world, felt is widely used as a medium for expression in textile art as well as design, where it has significance as an ecological textile.Traditional Turkish Felt Workshop by Mehmet Girgic Mehmet girgic is a master Craftmen in Felt Making in Istanbul and we make our workshops in his Studio by himself or his assistants. During the firing, the wax or fat burns away producing contours of red or black that also prevent the differently-colored glazes from running into one another.The cuerda seca technique permits extremely complex and detailed designs to be applied to ceramic surfaces. One, a composition of thick motifs radiating around a central motif, is identical to the grooved designs on metal bath-bowls.2,The late 15th and early 16th century marks the beginning of a new period in Ottoman tile and ceramic-making.
In addition to plant motifs, examples decorated with calligraphy and (less commonly) geometric patterns that are a continuation of Seljuk traditions are to be found. During this period the Iznik manufactories apparently turned their attentions more and more to the demands of customers who were less finicky than the Istanbul court and its circles.
A rich and subtle palette of colors was available with colors such as turquoise, cobalt blue, lilac, yellow, black, and pistachio. Designs prepared by artists who were employed in the studios of the Ottoman court were sent to Iznik to be executed in wares ordered for use at the palace. There is even evidence, in the form of written complaints, that orders placed by the court in Istanbul were being delayed.8 By the 18th century, the ceramic industry in Iznik had died out completely and Kutahya replaced it as the leading center in western Anatolia. In the lesson you will make the whole stages of a Felt making process and by the evening, you will be able to finish 1 item like a hat, bag, shoe, a scarf or a design that you choose.. The only place in Anatolia were tiles of this type have been found is Alaeddin Kiosk in Konya. The court's patronage stimulated and supported the development of an artistically and technically advanced ceramic industry in Iznik. Indeed, Kutahya had been in operation as a secondary center along with Iznik since the 14th century 9 but its production always paled in Iznik's brilliance.
The palette of colors that this technique offers is much greater and one finds shades of violet, blue, turquoise, green, red, brown, black, and white as well as gilding. Fine examples of cuerda seca tiles are to be found at the Bursa Green Mosque (1419-1420) and Tomb (1421-1422) the Mosque of Murad II (Edirne, 1436), the Tiled Kiosk (Istanbul), and the Tomb of Prince Mehmed (Istanbul, 1548). But where production at Iznik was discontinued, Kutahya plodded on.For a while, the Kutahya potters produced inferior copies of Iznik blue-and-whites but they also began producing ceramics whose forms, colors, and techniques are quite distinct.


Some colors were applied under the glaze and then fired; others were applied over the glaze which then received a secondary opaque white, transparent, or turquoise glaze and was fired again. Among them are a group of Christian liturgical utensils and tiles with religious themes that were made by Armenian potters for their churches. The designs of minai tiles are lively and reminiscent of miniatures with themes taken from palace and court life.In underglaze tiles, the designs are painted onto the surface, which is then glazed before the tile is fired. 18th-century Kutahya ceramics are made with a white paste and are usually decorated with underglaze-applied designs in yellow, red, green, cobalt blue, turquoise, black, and violet. Betul is our professional Artist that is graduated from Mimar Sinan University department of fine Arts in Istanbul. She is professional in Ottoman Calligraphy - Tile Design & Turkish Motives - Ottoman Paper Marbling.
Turkish Paper marbling is a method of aqueous surface design, which can produce patterns similar to marble or other stone, hence the name. Forms, which can be elegant, include thin-walled small cups, saucers, bowls, ewers, pitchers, flasks, incense-burners, lemon-squeezers, and ornamental eggs. The patterns are the result of color floated on either plain water or a viscous solution known as size, and then carefully transferred to a sheet of paper (or other surfaces such as fabric).
Fine examples of these tiles have been discovered at the excavations of the Kubadabad Palace in Beysehir, where the tiles are decorated with plant motifs as well as with figures of human beings and animals.The luster technique first appeared in Abbasid Iraq. This decorative material has been used to cover a variety of surfaces for several centuries. Later developed to a high level by the Fatimids in Egypt, it was successfully employed by the Iranian Seljuks. It is often employed as a writing surface fo calligraphy, and especially book covers and endpapers in bookbinding and stationery. Part of its appeal is that each print is a unique monoprint.Need a break from the hustle and bustle of tourist life in Istanbul? The tiles discovered at the excavations of the palace are now on display at the Karatay Medrese Museum in Konya. Luster tiles are decorated in an overglaze technique in which the design is painted with lusterA?a mixture of metallic oxides incorporating silver and copperA?onto a previously glazed and fired surface.
Ottoman - Turkish Calligraphy, also known as Arabic calligraphy, is the art of writing, and by extension, of bookmaking.
The tiles are then given a second firing at a lower temperature producing a range of lustrous, mostly brownish and yellowish tones. Seljuk palace luster tiles are decorated with plant motifs as well as with human and animal figures.Anatolian Seljuks sometimes used square, rectangular, hexagonal, and triangular tiles to cover interior walls. Its origin might ultimately hark back to China, where a document from the T'ang dynasty (618-907) mentions a process of coloring paper on water with five hues. These tiles are plain, with turquoise, violet, or cobalt blue being the chief colors applied in the underglaze technique. Sometimes the traces of overglaze gilding are to be found; however because the gilding was fired at a low temperature (or not fired at all), it was not durable and has mostly disappeared. Com o fim da ditadura militar (1964-1985), varios partidos politicos foram criados e outros, que estavam na clandestinidade voltaram a funcionar.
By carefully laying the paper over the bath, the floating picture on top of it is readily transferred to the paper; thus, each ebru is a one of a kind print. Na epoca do Regime Militar, a Lei Falcao estabeleceu a existencia de apenas duas legendas: ARENA ( Alianca Renovadora Nacional ) e o MDB (Movimento Democratico Brasileiro ). To obtain beautiful ebru results, one needs to have a light hand, refined taste, and an open mind to the unexpected patterns forming on the water. Enquanto a ARENA reunia os politicos favoraveis ao regime militar, o MDB reunia a oposicao, embora controlada. Patience and a good knowledge of traditional culture are characteristic of ebru masters.After the 1550's, booklovers in Europe prized ebru, which came to be known as ‘Turkish papers’.
Felizmente, esse sistema bipartidario nao existe mais e desde o inicio da decada de 1980, nosso pais voltou ao sistema democratico com a existencia de varios partidos politicos.
Many specimens in their collections and in the several album amicorum books are visible today in various museums.
Veja abaixo a relacao dos principais partidos politicos em funcionamento na atualidade e suas principais ideias e caracteristicas. Also, early texts dealing with ebru, such as “Discourse on decorating paper in the Turkish manner”, published in 1664 by Athanasius Kircher in Rome, helped to disseminate the knowledge of this kind of marbling art.
PDT - Partido Democratico Trabalhista Criado em 1981, o PDT resgatou as principais bandeiras defendidas pelo ex-presidente Getulio Vargas. There is agreement amongst scholars that the so-called Turkish Papers played a colourful influence on the book arts in Europe.MATERIALS USED IN CLASSICAL TURKISH MARBLING Gum tragacath – Dye – Paintbrush – Basin – Water – Paper - Gall Gum Tragacant is obtained from trunk of a thorny plant growing naturally in Anatolian, Persian and Turkestan mountians and called “gaven”.
De tendencia nacionalista e social-democrata, esse partido tem como redutos politicos os estados do Rio de Janeiro e Rio Grande do Sul.
The sap coming out of scratches made on the branches dries up later and solidifies in bone white colored pieces . O PDT defende como ideia principal o crescimento do pais atraves do investimento na industria nacional, portanto e contrario as privatizacoes. Turkish is a very rich country in respect of such natural dyes.Any kind of earth may be first translated into mud then filtered and crushed to from a dye.
PC do B - Partido Comunista do Brasil Fundado em 25 de marco de 1922, o Partido Comunista do Brasil foi colocado na ilegalidade na epoca do regime militar (1964 a 1985).
Mesmo assim, politicos e partidarios do PC do B entraram nas fileiras da luta armada contra os militares.
O PC do B voltou a funcionar na legalidade somente em 1985, durante o governo de Jose Sarney. Este partido defende a implantacao do socialismo no Brasil e tem como bandeiras principais a luta pela reforma agraria, distribuicao de renda e igualdade social. PR - Partido da Republica Criado em 24 de outubro de 2006 com a fusao do PL (Partido Liberal) e PRONA (Partido da Reedificacao da Ordem Nacional). O Partido Liberal entrou em funcionamento no ano de 1985, reunindo varios politicos da antiga ARENA e tambem dissidentes do PFL e do PDS. O partido tem uma proposta de governo que defende o liberalismo economico com pouca intervencao do estado na economia. In older times rainwater was favorite but because of acide rain in our times it is no longer advisable.
Outra importante bandeira dos integrantes do PR e a diminuicao das taxas e impostos cobrados pelo governo.
Paper: The ideal paper is the one handmade and having a high absorbtion capacity and acid-free. DEM - Democratas - Antigo PFL (Partido da Frente Liberal) O PFL foi registrado em 1984 e contou com a filiacao de varios politicos dissidentes do PDS. Apoio e forneceu sustentacao politica durante os governos de Jose Sarney, Fernando Collor e Fernando Henrique Cardoso. In order to increasethe absorbtion capaticy and to fix the dye on it(more durable) and alumina solution may be applied on the paper surface. Suas bases partidarias estao na regiao Nordeste do Brasil, embora administre atualmente a cidade de Sao Paulo com o prefeito Gilberto Kassab.
PMDB - Partido do Movimento Democratico Brasileiro Fundado em 1980, reuniu uma grande quantidade de politicos que integravam o MDB na epoca do governo militar. Identificado pelos eleitores como o principal representante da redemocratizacao do pais, no inicio da decada de 1980, foi o vencedor em grande parte das eleicoes ocorridas no periodo pos regime militar.
Chegou ao poder nacional com Jose Sarney, que tornou-se presidente da republica apos a morte de Tancredo Neves. Com o sucesso do Plano Cruzado, em 1986, o PMDB conseguiu eleger a grande maioria dos governadores naquelas eleicoes. For instance when blue yellow are simultaneously applied and mixed up as much as possible never green comes out.3. Apos o fracasso do Plano Cruzado e a morte de seu maior representante, Ulysses Guimaraes, o PMDB entrou em declinio. MARBLING APPLIED TO PAPER PATTERNS,Marbling is similar to cooking; it is impossible to give the exact recipe. PPS - Partido Popular Socialista Com a queda do muro de Berlim e o fim do socialismo, muitos partidos deixaram a denominacao comunista ou socialista de lado. Alem da mudanca de nomenclatura, mexeu em suas bases ideologicas, aproximando-se mais da social-democracia. Suas principais figuras politicas da atualidade sao o ex-governador do Ceara Ciro Gomes e o senador Roberto Freire.
The density of the gummed water and the relationships between the water and the dye, the dye and the tensioning agent (gall), the quantity of gall in the dye are all very important. PP - Partido Progressista (ex-PPB) Criado em 1995 da fusao do PPR (Partido Progressista Reformador) com o PP e PRP. Seus principais representantes sao o ex-governador e ex-prefeito Paulo Maluf de Sao Paulo e o senador Esperidiao Amin de Santa Catarina. PSDB - Partido da Social-Democracia Brasileira O PSDB foi fundado no ano de 1988 por politicos que sairam do PMDB por discordarem dos rumos que o partido estava tomando na elaboracao da Constituicao daquele ano. Politicos como Mario Covas, Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Jose Serra e Ciro Gomes defendiam o parlamentarismo e o mandato de apenas quatro anos para Sarney. O PSDB cresceu muito durante e apos os dois mandatos na presidencia de Fernando Henrique Cardoso. Now if this basic pattern is handled by parellel lines made by a thin pencil or chip moved back and forth you obtain “the back-and-forth”. PSB - Partido Socialista Brasileiro Foi criado no ano de 1947 e defende ideias do socialismo com transformacoes na sociedade que representam a melhoria da qualidade de vida dos cidadaos brasileiros. PT - Partido dos Trabalhadores Surgiu junto com as greves e o movimento sindical no inicio da decada de 1980, na regiao do ABC Paulista. When a convolute line is applied from the outer circumference towards the centre you obtain a “nightingale nest”. Apareceu no cenario politico para ser uma grande forca de oposicao e representante dos trabalhadores e das classes populares. In the event small colorfull dots are spotted on the back-and-forth or shawl design you get the “sprinkled marbling”.
If, instead, you apply larger dots (which means with higher rate of gall contents) you obtain the “prophyry marble” which resemble most to marble.,Nonetheless above patterns may be divesified by selecting one of the above as a basis and making concentric drops of different colors. Mehmet Efendi (the orator of Saint Sophia, deceased in 1973) first formed flower and other patterns, wich were subsequenly called the “Orator pattern” (Hatip ebrusu). As principais metas do governo Lula tem sido : crescimento economico, estabilidade economica com o controle inflacionario e geracao de empregos. PSTU - Partido Socialista dos Trabalhadores Unificado Fundado em 1994 por dissidentes do PT.
Os integrantes do PSTU defendem o fim do capitalismo e a implantacao do socialismo no Brasil. The paper is then careflly lifted off the basin without stripping too much the gum off the surface. Sao favoraveis ao respeito aos direitos civis, a paz, qualidade de vida e formas alternativas de gestao publica. This infinity of colors and shapes quickly formed makes the marbling amazing at and fascinates the spectator (if any). PTB - Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro Fundado no ano de 1979, contou com a participacao de Ivete Vargas, filha do ex-presidente Getulio Vargas.
Atualmente e uma legenda com pouca forca politica e defende ideias identificadas com o liberalismo. Hikmet BARUTCUGIL,Mimar Sinan University paper marbling, fabric marbling, faux marbling, parrys graining and marbling, marbling paint, contemporary create design fabric marbling paper technique traditional, Turkish Marbling - Ebru Lessons in Istanbul.Turkish Paper marbling is a method of aqueous surface design, which can produce patterns similar to marble or other stone, hence the name.
Defende o comunismo, baseado nas ideias de Marx e Engels, e tem como simbolo a foice e o martelo cruzados.
It is often employed as a writing surface for calligraphy, and especially book covers and endpapers in bookbinding and stationery. E um partido de esquerda, contrario ao sistema capitalista e ao neoliberalismo, defendendo a luta de classes. Come take an art class with the remarkable Turkish artist Bahar !LEARN the secrets of creating the rich patterns of handmade marble paper . PSOL - Partido Socialismo e Liberdade Fundado em 6 de junho de 2004, defende o socialismo como forma de governo.
CONTEMPORARY create design fabric marbling paper technique designs on paper, glass or on silk fabrics .Our teacher that is shown in our pictures is Ms. PRTB - Partido Renovador Trabalhista Brasileiro - obteve registro definitivo em 18 de fevereiro de 1997.
PT do B - Partido Trabalhista do Brasil - obteve o registro definitivo em 11 de outubro de 1994. Contemporary artists in the Islamic world draw on the heritage of calligraphy to use calligraphic inscriptions or abstractions in their work.LEARN the secrets of creating the rich patterns of handmade marble paper .
EXPERIENCE the sensuous flow of Ottoman Calligraphy,CONTEMPORARY create designs with Turkish patternts on tiles,Our teacher that is shown in the pictures are Mrs. PSDC - Partido Social Democrata Cristao - obteve registro definitivo no TSE em 5 de agosto de 1997. PRP - Partido Republicano Progressista -obtencao do registro definitivo em 22 de novembro de 1991. This Rechargeable lithium-ion polymer battery will replace your exhausted internal battery on iPhone 5 (5th Generation) 5.93 This is a replacement battery for the iPhone 5.
They look so cute and innocent, always curious for a sensual experience and they pose great on pictures. One of the nicest things about teen babe sites is when they picture them in everyday situations like when they take a shower. A wet teen pussy is probably the best thing you can see, specially if she is slim and shaved. Even more when they are totally shaven including hairless legs and of course a bald vagina. Just imagine yourself bending down to take off your socks, then you get the same angle like nude photo artist Petter Hegre got when he made his first nude pictorial with hot teen babe Anna. He picks the best angles, perfect lighting and combines the experience of a professional photographer with a sense of perfect erotic sensuality as can be seen on his awesome nude art site Hegre Art Nudes. Shaved Latina Pussy Don't you wanna see hot Latina pussy from Latin America and not just those American Latinas from Florida and California? How about some real genuine and authentic Peruvian teen pussy pictures with shaved vaginas? Hot Teen Ass Sometimes I see a hot teen picture and I know you will love to see it on my sexy teen picture blog. That just happened when I saw a new teen picture nude series from Errotica Archives that depicted the most sensual teen ass I have seen for a long time. According to the notes on the nude art site, these teen nudes were shot on the very first day of Antea's nude pictorials with Erro, a true master of nude photography who is know of being one of the most popular artist on Most Erotic Teens, the web's most successful teen nude site.


Antea is a very sexy and natural fresh amateur babe from Eastern Europe who is turning heads wherever she walks. I am pretty sure we will more of her on various nude art teen site with hot naked pictures and movies very soon. She is looking so innocent and fresh that I consider her the hottest teen amateur that I have seen on the web for a very long time. That's how I like hot teen pictures: sexy amateur models with fresh faces shot by professional photographers (and not the other way around LOL). She loves to have lesbian fun with other Latin teen babes and she is into hardcore porn with many lovers. Oh, and when she is alone by herself, she loves to masturbate with or without a vibrator until she is squirting her juices. Basically, because they are slim or petite with perfect body proportions, just like Thai teen amateur model Noi Kanya. She models for nudes and videos on her site giving panty sniffers nice insight to her own place and her tiny sexy schoolgirl outfits that she loves to strip off before she goes on to a blowjob for a photographer. Outdoor Teen Nudes It's probably the best setting for teen amateur nudes: outdoors during the summer. David's Nudes, a fine erotica site with fresh teen models from the Ukraine is one of the newest sites featuring sexy outdoor nudes wit some hot first time talents aged 18 years. Teen Cutie Outdoor It's summer time and I really enjoy the fresh hot teen nudes from outdoors. Natural daylight and a the hot sun beams give a great natural look to European teen model skin. A perfect exmaple are the newest nudes from Femjoy, a spiffy nude art site with plenty sexy teen pictures.
Teedy Bear Nudes Nena Blue is a pretty artsy European nude site satisfying demand for themed nudity sets. It's actually a sorted mix of various scenes that include playful locations, artistic use of light and shadow, high resolution close ups and use of sexy outfits and uniforms. It's not just a sexy girl in the nude, but Nena Blue updates try to stimulate erotic fantasy rather than just putting nameless flesh on a table. So this one is a very welcome change with fresh and high quality content showing a lot of hot teen details. Their newest updates show some of the most sexy teens from Prague in very aesthetic nudity. Erotic photographer Oleg Morenko discovered this mixed European teen beauty for his nudes on Met Art - Most Erotic Teens very recently.
Usually, Euro teens have blue, grey or green eyes, but Melany looks very exotic with her big brown eyes. Not much different than hot teens from other countries you may argue, but there is a difference: Thai girls don't just tease, they want to have sex and sex and sex - as available from most Thai girl friends on Thai Girls Wilde. This new Asian teen porn site shows Thai amateur girls and Bangkok Ex-Girlfriends in candid nude images as well as home grown camcorder sex sessions. Nudes from Paris: Sonja Since Paris is the fashion capital of the world, there has to be a large number of beautiful girls around? This cute French teen just got casted for e nude shooting by an erotic production company in Paris. Petite Asian Teen Girls from Asia are known to be slim and small compared to western women. One of the best places to find genuine Asian amateurs online is by looking as niche chat sites like Free Asian Chat. They don't mind if their future partner is much older than themselves who are mostly 18 to 25 years young.
As long as you are charming and treat them with respect, they will be looking forward to a romantic Hot Teen Pictures Amateur girls 18 years old are the sexiest females on the planet. The sexy hot Ukraine amateur model is a curious teen model who poses for nude outdoor pictures on David's Nudes, a nude art collection of East-European babes.
Hey, her Ukrainian vagina is shaved to perfection for a smooth landing of your horny tongue.
Sexy Filipinas Hot teens and sexy amateurs from the Philippines are featured on Go to Phil, a website formed by leisure travelers and travel sex connoisseurs from around the globe.
The site features a very active message board for members sharing nudes of their Filipina girlfriends. Most of the sexy Filipina girls are 18 to 20 year hot teens with warm personalities and highly desirable bodies. While the usual images shared on the message board and in member's albums are of average Asian amateur quality at best, there is a feature reserved for the more attractive and hot teens from the Philippines. It's active for over 6 years and offers plenty of hot teen pictures of Filipina ladies in the nude.
After I visited GotoPhil for the very first time in 1998, I was so flattened that I jumped on an airplane to Manila as I wanted to have sex with as many Filipina girls as possible.
Not much more to say about it except that is exactly the type of ass I was dreaming about once I switched of my computer again.
While you see a lot of dark skinned beauties in the rural areas of the huge South American country, the chicks in big cities like Rio and Sao Paulo come in all shapes and sizes just like Francesca, a beautiful petite blonde teen. Tall blonde females are not a rarity at all in the streets of Sao Paulo and luckily most of them are not shy at all.
Have fun with petite blonde Francesca from Beauty is Devine, a really hot teen model from Brazil.
Hot Polish Teens Everybody knows Russia, Czech Republic and Hungary have hot teen models and erotic models. I have visited Poland and was very pleasantly surprised about the friendliness of Polish teens.
She is a little shy for her first shoot for Glam Deluxe, but she loves the elegant lingerie her photographer has bought for her. They provide them a piece of expensive lingerie and give them the promise to keep it if they can photograph them while taking it off.
She tookit all off later on and posed with her Latina amateur teen body in full nudity on Glam Deluxe, one of South America's newest nude art websites. They are awesome: petite, nice boobs, silky long hair, fresh looks and very charming personalities - perfect exotic beauties. But there are a lot of webcam and sex chat sites around that have real Asian amateurs online. There are constantly over 300 Asian teens from the Philippines and Thailand online at any given time. Ever since I discovered Asian Babe Cams I keep on going back there to enjoy the charming Asian girls. She is perfectly shaped, full of sexual curiosity and ready to jump start a career in adult films with French porn producer John B. Most of the shoots are taken in a typical casting couch environment in a small attic video and photo studio in the outskirts of the French capital Paris. The footage is of great quality and you wish Lou were the stunt cock in this sensual oral sex scene.
I alwaas dreamed of having a French girlfriend and Lou looks pretty much like the French teen of my wildest sexual fantasies.
Bonita When porn started to drive the growth of the internet a lot of fresh amateurs and teens appeared on the scenes. Amsterdam, Prague and Amsterdam became a melting pot of the best porn newcomers on the planet. The old American and Scandinavian porn producers that always used the same models and porn stars lost their attraction as fresh teen models from Eastern Europe stole their show.
The incredible amount of female talent from Prague and Budapest casting agencies was overwhelming and Dreamstash was right in the middle of it. Dreamstash always got the freshest girls, many of whom advanced to became real big porn stars like Piper Dawn later on.
On Dreamstash they started out as innocent 18 and 19 year old teams who were just able to present their flawless bodies and smile. Teen Lovers Are you tired of all those 25 year old girls that appear on so called teen sites?
That's why I started this little nifty Hot Teen Pictures Blog to show you some great teen porn resources from around the globe.
It was dedicated to present free teen porn sites like Teen Facials, Cheerleader Piss and Small Tits. As you can see those sites are very dated so we will be presenting you some more teen porn and erotic teem pictures very soon. Flashing her breasts and toying with herself at the resort, we have an intimate dinner date with her at a fancy restaurant.
She then starts masturbating in the dress we met her in, and pulls out a large pink vibrator, masturbating to a strong orgasm. Spreading herself wide, gaping wide, we see deep, as well as some milky juices that flow out. In the bed, she gives her breasts a hard massage, then moves to her butt — but its all about fingering herself anally. Not enough for her, she finds a large glass toy, and gives herself a very deep penetration. Up close and in your face, she then forces four fingers into her vagina while the toy is inside anally, and moves the toy around using her hand inside her vagina!! On the third day, she’s visiting a hardware store to buy a water hose… and flash everywhere! Going to a public car wash, she strips down to her bikini, then completely naked as she washes the car, and fingers herself… Then using the water hose, she stuffs it inside her, and makes her vagina squirt water in a big gush! More kinky on the way, she takes a wine bottle, stuffs it inside her, and rides it deep, to the wide part! Enjoy this gorgeous, sexy, personable, and very extreme girl — you’ll only see her here, on FTV Log entries Home Big tit sluts dildo fuck themselves at Busty Solos Nubile Teen Models - Fresh and exposed Very hot MILF model goes Gonzo! Nasty Porn Hot Spots Endulge in the forbidden pleasures of a fetish goddess in heat Hot Sluts Go Hardcore Reality Porn Pass A huge collection of true reality porn sites. Visit Reality Porn Pass Here and check out the tons of free sample clips then get get your unrestricted pass to the nastiest porn online.
With access to over 13 sites, you get to see the wild hot sluts and nasty porn content you won't find anywhere else online or in the magazine. Boobies is where you will see all the nasty sluts with perfect boobs getting dicked in pure high definition. Hard Asses will send shivers down your spine when you see the hi-def nasty porn these gorgeous sluts have waiting for you.
You will find yourself filling up your harddrive with the wildest nasty porn, in true high definition, that these porn sluts can conjure up.
X-Rated Lesbians will send a mass of blood straight to your crotch when you seen them in action.
No one else catches these nasty pussy licking sluts in pure high definition moving pictures like this. Watch these nasty sluts get rough as they violate each other in real widescreen high definition. Granny Pokers is filled with over-sex over 50 year old nasty sluts getting down and raunchy just for you.
You've seen the rest now experience the best in raw and raunchy xxx porn action, all caught in high-definition. Spicy Matures is filled with exclusive high-def videos of old nasty fucksluts getting their experienced cunts pounded to a pulp. The net is filled with teen hardcore, but the nasty barely legal sluts here know just what gets you off and then some. Two Hole Crammers has the hottest girls getting a savage and brutal double penetration that will leave them bow-legged for weeks.
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After an interview at a restaurant (and flashing her full breasts there) she goes to the mall with Liz.
She she starts flashing everywhere, at the stores, bathrooms, and change rooms, even the parking lot!
Back home, she picks the largest vibrator we have (the Big Pink Toy) and to our surprise, takes it hard and deep! Hard deep pounding gets her very juicy and wet, then with the help of a clitoral vibrator she has a very strong orgasm!
Some really hard breast massage… Then its back to the Big Pink Toy, this time Liz uses it on her, pounding her hard and fast… and Meilani loves all of it!
On her second day visit, she’s looking even hotter than before, and she gives us another thorough hard breast massage.
Using another vibrator, she has another long, strong orgasm with contractions seen very clearly. She decides to play with some ben-wa balls, pushing them deep inside, and pulling them out… with it her milky wet juices!
Then some sensual extreme closeups of her clit and extreme gaping for all the good details.
In a sexy dress & heels, she poses for us, then plays with cucumbers… First one goes in very deep, she takes it so far it goes missing!! With a load of honey, she gives herself a sticky breast massage, making her hands stick to her big breasts. Then as a hot secretary with her hair up, she stripteases, and then uses the Vibraking toy!
She ends up on the floor with strong, convulsive orgasms that gets her whole body a workout.
Then she experiments with the FTV Monster Toy, pushing it as deep as she can go… but settling for the Big Ten Toy. Enjoy Meilani, she’s a cutie teen who is a Total First Time Video Girl, and exclusive to FTV Busty Teen Model Brooke Gets all Naked and Messy with Custard on Her Big Boobs! This hot teen model poses nude on the beach with breathtaking views of her gorgeous smooth and tanned body, Lola has one hot ass baby! Pornstar Book Bigtits Galleries Dayom Hotty Stop Croco Stars Pornstar Start Sex Beauties FOX HQ Pretty Hot Babes Jaimes Teens Blog 11. Playboy Playmates Girls Of Desire Pmates Babe Stash Babe Lounge Pure Beauty Blog Only Playmates Spewie's Porn Links Eutopia Movies Gyrls Diary 21. Let There Be Porn Babe Direct Babes Kickass Babe Addicts Fucking Motherfucker Fucking Chix HQ 69 Babe Specials 4 Tube Da Chix 31.



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