Timothy Jay Rolle, General Manager of A Cleaner World, has worked for ACW for 12 years and manages a drycleaningA plant in Apex, as well as three drop stores in Chapel Hill. In other words, provide the consumer information necessary to evaluate their care options prior to purchase and provide the consumer and cleaner with a method of cleaning that has proven to be successful. Were it not for DLI and its predecessor organizations a€“ IFI, NID, AIL a€“ the EPA would have outlawed the use of Perc many years ago before there were viable alternatives and OSHA would have established a PEL for Perc that was unattainable without replacing existing equipment.
Were it not for NCALC, the private laundry and drycleaning industry in North Carolina would have been destroyed by competition from the NC Prison Enterprises Laundries, in the early 1970s and 1990s, utilizing prison labor and facilities (i.e.
Were it not for NCALC, you would not have the protection of the best-funded and reasonably-priced drycleaning solvent cleanup program in the country.
Your national and state associations, DLI and NCALC, are in many ways like your insurance policies. If youa€™ve never been a member, we need you to join, If youa€™ve let your membership lapse, we need you to rejoin now. Beginning with this issue of Carolina Clean, we welcomeA A a new Associate Member of NCALC and a new column to our newsletter. He also served as an expert witness on behalf of facility operators at sites impacted by industrial activities and to promote technical and litigation support services. Since EnviroForensics & Policy Find (they locate old insurance policies) is located in Indiana and works primarily in states that do not have a state-led cleanup program, some of the issues discussed in the articles may not directly apply in North Carolina. At the annual conference of TCATA [National Allied Trades Association] in Park City, Utah, in August, KEVIN LAWSON, Tri-State Laundry Equipment Company, was elected to serve a second two-year term on the Board of Directors.
Congratulations to GRANDPA JIM HILKER on the birth of twin girls to his daughter Kristen on September 9th.
He had been told by his attorney to look for that part of the policy that addressed damage to the property of others.
His attorney had explained that in his state, as in most states, it took policies issued before 1986 to pay for environmental investigations. Digging around in the attic, he succeeded in finding one collection of old policies, but these policies dated only to the late 1990a€™s. Working backwards from the earliest insurance policy, the insurance archeologist was able to discover that another insurance agency had purchased the defunct agencya€™s book of business prior to closing.
The insurance archeologist provided a specimen policy issued by the same insurance carrier to a different dry cleaner in his state from the 1985 policy period. Using the premium notices and specimen policy together, the drycleanera€™s attorney was able to file a claim with the insurance company.
David Oa€™Neill has more than 17 years of experience in claims recovery on behalf of corporate policyholders involving environmental property dam age and toxic tort and asbestos exposure claims. I recall he said, now when you get to the hotel, go to the bar and look for the tall, gray-haired guy with the big hat.
All the above were listed along with Education & Training, Technical Assistance, Trade Shows, and Friendships. Hard X-rays can penetrate solid objects, and their largest use is to take images of the inside of objects in diagnostic radiography and crystallography. The roentgen (R) is an obsolete traditional unit of exposure, which represented the amount of radiation required to create one electrostatic unit of charge of each polarity in one cubic centimeter of dry air. The rad is the (obsolete) corresponding traditional unit, equal to 10 millijoules of energy deposited per kilogram. The sievert (Sv) is the SI unit of equivalent dose, which for X-rays is numerically equal to the gray (Gy). X-rays are generated by an X-ray tube, a vacuum tube that uses a high voltage to accelerate the electrons released by a hot cathode to a high velocity. In crystallography, a copper target is most common, with cobalt often being used when fluorescence from iron content in the sample might otherwise present a problem.
X-ray fluorescence: If the electron has enough energy it can knock an orbital electron out of the inner electron shell of a metal atom, and as a result electrons from higher energy levels then fill up the vacancy and X-ray photons are emitted.
So the resulting output of a tube consists of a continuous bremsstrahlung spectrum falling off to zero at the tube voltage, plus several spikes at the characteristic lines.
In medical diagnostic applications, the low energy (soft) X-rays are unwanted, since they are totally absorbed by the body, increasing the dose.
To generate an image of the cardiovascular system, including the arteries and veins (angiography) an initial image is taken of the anatomical region of interest. A specialized source of X-rays which is becoming widely used in research is synchrotron radiation, which is generated by particle accelerators. The most commonly known methods are photographic plates, photographic film in cassettes, and rare earth screens. Before the advent of the digital computer and before invention of digital imaging, photographic plates were used to produce most radiographic images.
Since photographic plates are sensitive to X-rays, they provide a means of recording the image, but they also required much X-ray exposure (to the patient), hence intensifying screens were devised.


Areas where the X-rays strike darken when developed, causing bones to appear lighter than the surrounding soft tissue. Contrast compounds containing barium or iodine, which are radiopaque, can be ingested in the gastrointestinal tract (barium) or injected in the artery or veins to highlight these vessels. An increasingly common method is the use of photostimulated luminescence (PSL), pioneered by Fuji in the 1980s.
The PSP plate can be reused, and existing X-ray equipment requires no modification to use them. For many applications, counters are not sealed but are constantly fed with purified gas, thus reducing problems of contamination or gas aging.
Some materials such as sodium iodide (NaI) can "convert" an X-ray photon to a visible photon; an electronic detector can be built by adding a photomultiplier.
Timothy has all three DLI certifications and achieved the Certified Garment Care Professional Designation, CGCP.
NOTE: They are not required to run any tests on the garment to verify this belief and there is no specific penalty if they are wrong. But manufacturers and importers dona€™t like it because testing the serviceability of a product adds to the cost of production, the price of the item.
Although there are 25,000 to 30,000 of us out there, we only have strength when we speak with one voice through our state and national associations. In both cases, these decisions would have been based on faulty information and assumptions. If you needA A to pay monthly, quarterly or semi-annually instead of annually, that can be arranged.
The DLI Board is required to study the dues annually and have requested this increase due to increased costs of operations and their decision to not have an increase last year.A A Although some viewed the increase as necessary due to inflationary factors, others felt it untimely because of economic constraints. However, your Representatives at the Joint States meeting in November will definitely voice the concerns of all! He explained that he had no idea before visiting an attorney that these old expired insurance policies could be of any use to him.
The landlord, a strip mall owner, had been refinancing and the bank required that he conduct a simple environmental audit that had included soil sampling. The law in his state required that a€?the pollutera€? remove the pollution or at least reimburse the landlord if he had to have it done. This was because the later policies contained pollution exclusions that the courts in his state recognized as barring coverage for Perc spills. Telephoning the insurance agent identified on the policies, the dry cleaner found that that insurance agency was no longer in business.
Contacting that insurance agency, the archeologist found that old policy files no longer existed, but that the agent would permit him to review his old accounting files.
This policy had a pollution exclusion on it but that exclusion, the attorney advised, was not a bar to coverage as longA A as the Pere releases had not been intentional, and had been sudden and accidental. The company stepped in to defend the dry cleaner, paid his attorney fees and paid the landlorda€™s environmental experts. He is an accomplished insurance archeologist with extensive experience in locating and retrieving insurance coverage evidence on behalf of potentially responsible parties responding to environmental investigation and remediation demands. It is said that power corrupts, but more often than not, it is a corrupted individual who is attracted to power.A A It is a feeling of inferiority, sometimes called a Napoleon Complex, that drives someone to control other people and to micro-manage their surroundings. This process produces an emission spectrum of X-ray frequencies, sometimes referred to as the spectral lines.
The intensity of the X-rays increases linearly with decreasing frequency, from zero at the energy of the incident electrons, the voltage on the X-ray tube. A second image is then taken of the same region after iodinated contrast material has been injected into the blood vessels within this area. The contrast compounds have high atomic numbered elements in them that (like bone) essentially block the X-rays and hence the once hollow organ or vessel can be more readily seen. In modern hospitals a photostimulable phosphor plate (PSP plate) is used in place of the photographic plate. Care labels like a€?Dryclean Onlya€? or a€?Professionally Drycleana€? drive customers to our stores.
Manufacturers and importers love the current rule because it allows them to promote home care (cost savings) although it may not produce the best result (drycleaning vs. And penalties for mislabeling or failure to verify the care method prescribed would decrease profits. Their proposal in the early 1990s was to provide personal laundry and drycleaning services to all state and county employees a€“ teachers, law enforcement, health department, legislators, etc, etc a€“ at a price we could not have competed with. Unlike insurance policies that dona€™t protect you unless you pay the premiums, your national and state associations do their best to protect you whether you support them financially or not.
But this is not the time to abandon the mother shipA A your state and national associations.


Henshaw holds a professional registration in numerous states, serves as a client and technology manager on projects associated with site characterization, remedial design, remedial implementation and operation, and litigation support and insurance coverage matters. Paying the landlorda€™s environmental experts was likely to be too great for the dry cleaner to handle. Despairing, he reported his lack of success to the attorney, prepared to discuss bankruptcy instead of insurance recovery. Sto and several more hanging out at the bar made Jan and I feel welcome and included in the activities. Are you driven to share your gift of understanding in the endeavor of achieving a goal, or are you motivated by perquisites of position and the power you have over others?
The spectral lines generated depend on the target (anode) element used and thus are called characteristic lines.
These two images are then digitally subtracted, leaving an image of only the iodinated contrast outlining the blood vessels.
Photographic film largely replaced these plates, and it was used in X-ray laboratories to produce medical images.
In the pursuit of a non-toxic contrast material, many types of high atomic number elements were evaluated. After the plate is X-rayed, excited electrons in the phosphor material remain "trapped" in "colour centres" in the crystal lattice until stimulated by a laser beam passed over the plate surface.
Electrons accelerate toward the anode, in the process causing further ionization along their trajectory. We, like you, are working longer and harder with less staff and resources, wearing multiple hats and struggling to do more with less to help and support our members. Parts of the policy provided coverage against damage to his building, against break-ins, storm damage and even workers compensation coverage.
Rather, it was the part of the policy that covered his customers (the slip and fall coverage) that he was looking for.
It was a new role he was going to have to get used to, however before this nightmare would be over. After years of operating a successful business, he had significant savings, but these ongoing costs could deplete that savings account in no time. The radiologist or surgeon then compares the image obtained to normal anatomical images to determine if there is any damage or blockage of the vessel. In more recent years, computerized and digital radiography has been replacing photographic film in medical and dental applications, though film technology remains in widespread use in industrial radiography processes (e.g.
For example, the first time the forefathers used contrast it was chalk, and was used on a cadaver's vessels.
This process, known as a Townsend avalanche, is detected as a sudden current, called a "count" or "event". We need your support now, more than ever, to continue to do for you what you cannot do for yourself alone.
His attorney had told him that that part of the old package policies could provide him the coverage he needed now to address the environmental contamination of his property from perchloroethylene (Perc) spills below ground that had occurred years earlier. The cleanup would be expensive and the drycleaner was expected to take care of the bill because he was the one who had inadvertently put the Perc into the soil over the many years of his operation there. He may even need to consider bankruptcy unless he could find those insurance policies issued before 1986, and successfully file claims that would require his insurers to step in and defend him.
He suggested that the dry cleaner hire an insurance archeologist to see what insurance might be located elsewhere.
When the film is developed, the parts of the image corresponding to higher X-ray exposure are dark, leaving a white shadow of bones on the film. Ask your attorney about how insurance archeology can help you locate the records you need to defend against environmental claims. Photographic plates are mostly things of history, and their replacement, the "intensifying screen", is also fading into history. The metal silver (formerly necessary to the radiographic & photographic industries) is a non-renewable resource. Thus it is beneficial that this is now being replaced by digital (DR) and computed (CR) technology. Where photographic films required wet processing facilities, these new technologies do not.



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