SMLa€™s research into this topic spanned two years with speed assessments in work zones in Colorado, Ohio, Arkansas, and two Texas work zones. The research found the lowest compliance with a work zone speed limit was in one Texas work zone with a speed limit of 50 mph.
SML testifies in may local, state, and federal courts as a court recognized expert witness in radar and laser gun development and use. We looked at El Paso, TX and Las Cruces, New Mexico both with city-wide bans on hand held cell phone use. We next went to school zones to see how effective the use a hand held cell phone i??in school zones ban was progressing.
Another effective tool in controlling school zone speed limits is the use of mobile or permanent radar speed displays showing drivers their speed.
Optical pre-emption means an emergency vehicle can change the color of a traffic i??i??control device from red to green. LGLG's history began in 1958, when the Korean chemical company Lak-Hui (or Lucky) established GoldStar. NokiaNokia's roots can be traced back to a wood pulp mill set up in 1865 in Southwestern Finland. AppleThe very first design for an Apple logo, which dates from April 1, 1976, showed Sir Isaac Newton reading a book under an apple tree.
MotorolaMotorola was the name of a car radio which Galvin Manufacturing Corporation a€“ a small company based in Chicago, Illinois a€“ began producing in the 1930's. SonySony had its first logo design registered by 1955, but it was quickly dropped in favor of a simpler one - the one we still know today.
Many courts have held laser may not be used past 1,000 feet due to the possibility that part of the laser beam might strike an adjacent vehicle.
Many times on the stand the officer will be asked the specific speed they visually observed a suspect vehicle prior to taking enforcement action.
Officer Steven Wood of the Bexar County Sheriffa€™s Office, pictured above with the LTI laser gun was determined the Top Gun, top student, in the class scoring 396.58 of a possible 400 points. Radar In School Zone Research Published-With thei?? assistance of the El Paso ISD Police Department, i??SMLa€™s research article a€?Radar In School Zonesa€? was published in the fall 2011, Vol. To study the effects of visible use of radar in school zones, SML and Edgar Garcia of El Paso ISD Police measured some 347 drivers for their speed and cell phone use on September 20, 2011.
SML To Be Published By Police And Security News-Confirmation has been received that SMLa€™s article a€?It Will Happen To Youa€? will be published by the national law enforcement publication in an upcoming issue. SML Exhibits And Speaks At New Mexico Chiefs Of Police Convention-December 7-9 saw SML exhibit at the New Mexico Chiefs of Police Annual Convention in Albuquerque, NM. Such discussions had been conducted at previous state-wide conventions as SML has attended the last six state-wide conventions of the Chiefs of Police of New Mexico. SML Attends The Annual Convention Of The International Association of Chiefs Of Police-SML attended the annual convention of the IACP held in Chicago during the last week of October 2011.
Handling Citizen Complaints About Speeding-December 13-14 saw SML meet with officers of the Las i??Cruces New Mexico Police Department. Results presented to the complainant are color coded with green meaning no problem, yellow meaning a potential problem, and red a definite problem.
SML teaches at Emergency Operations Center in San Antonio, Texas.A  SML taught the NHTSA recommended Master Radar Laser Certification curriculum to several police agencies December 19-21, 2011.
A A A  Officer Steven Wood of the Bexar County Sheriffa€™s Office, pictured above with the LTI laser gun was determined the Top Gun, top student, in the class scoring 396.58 of a possible 400 points. Radar In School Zone Research Published-With the assistance of the El Paso ISD Police Department, SMLa€™s research article a€?Radar In School Zonesa€? was published in the fall 2011, Vol. Handling Citizen Complaints About Speeding-December 13-14 saw SML meet with officers of the Las Cruces New Mexico Police Department.
A A A  Results presented to the complainant are color coded with green meaning no problem, yellow meaning a potential problem, and red a definite problem.A  Home owners, tax payers, customers greatly appreciate this service provided by the Las Cruces Police Department and tell others, a€?something is being done about speeding in my neighborhood!a€? SML does not sell Jamar products.
Brand awareness is definitely near the top of the list – make the name of your business or product stick in people’s minds and get ready for an early retirement. It was introduced in 1938, when Samsung was still a small trading company dealing with groceries.
It is published in many police, DOT, and public safety magazines on topics ranging from the dangers of cell phone use, comparisons of radar and laser speeds, adherence to local and state work zone speed limits, verification of the accuracy of radar detector detectors, effectiveness of speed displays in speed control, and developing products for highway safety.
These fist sized radar i??drones transmit a police radar signal up to a mile from their location. Please do not contact us if you received a speeding ticket as we testify only for the prosecution.
Brand awareness is definitely near the top of the list a€“ make the name of your business or product stick in people's minds and get ready for an early retirement. The latter became a well-known brand of consumer electronics and home appliances, including the country's first radios and TV sets, among other products.


Ignoring the minor changes made to the letters' shapes, the Sony logo has remained pretty much the same since the 50's.
Scoring was determined by four criteria all with a maximum value of 100 each being: testing, field exercises, class participation, and a student graded presentation. Units of the El Paso ISD Police Department and several officers were highly visible in the same school zone of Beall Elementary School on Piedras Street in El Paso. This department is a national leader in offering service to citizens who complain about speeding in their neighborhoods. Part of the activities require officers to conduct field surveys of estimating the speeds of 100 vehicles and the distances of 50 vehicles.A  The courts have held a Valid Visual Tracking History is necessary before the officer verifies the actual speed of the target vehicle with a radar or laser speed assessment system.
Scoring was determined by four criteria all with a maximum value of 100 each being:A  testing, field exercises, class participation, and a student graded presentation. It gives helpful hints into what officers must know when they testify.A  With the poor economy, more and more speeding citations are being challenged in court. Once the Jamar Speed Enforcement Evaluator is removed, many times Radar In Use signs are put up.
In the Arkansasi?? work zone with a posted limit of 60 mph the highest compliance was recorded of 15% of 966 vehicles. Seven states including Georgia, North Carolina, Virginia, Maine, Connecticut, Minnesota, and Florida recognize laser readings state-wide.
Drivers with radar detectors think the police are ahead when their detector alerts, and slow down. All images, text, and research are strictly controlled by the Copyright laws of the United States and the State of Texas. In the decades that followed, Nokia was involved in manufacturing rubber goods and electrical wires, as well as in the electricity generating business. Its well-known "batwing" logo was introduced in 1955, as the company went public, and has not undergone much change since then. It's a fun fact that in 1981, Sony launched an international logo design contest a€“ basically, anyone could submit a new logo for the brand.
All officers were requested to bring with them to class the Operators Manual of their radar or laser gun provided by the manufactureri??.
These officers were told to turn on their Stalker II, Ka band radar units at 34.7 GHz and leave them in the constant transmit mode.
Citizen complaints about neighborhood speeding are at the top of the list of calls received by dispatch. All officers were requested to bring with them to class the Operators Manual of their radar or laser gun provided by the manufacturer.
The percentage of drivers on their phone in the school zone was 6% and 58.8% of school zones drivers were at or below the school zone speed limit of 15 mph. Speaking of which, do you know what the older logos of major tech companies and cellular carriers looked like? Despite efforts of a€?Doubling Speeding Finesa€? in work zones and more draconian warnings drivers, drive the speed they feel reasonable and prudent. We measured the percentage of drivers on their hand held cell phones when the school zone was active and in-active.
It was in the early 1960's when the company began producing electronic devices, which paved the way for Nokia to establish itself as the major player on the cell phone market it once was. As you can probably tell, none of the submitted designs got the thumbs-up from Sony's bosses. Officers were also required to log and demonstrate the correct set up procedure of each device including checking the accuracy of transmission using tuning forks in the case of radar and establishing and shooting a Known Distance and Vertical and Horizontal Sight Alignment with laser. The research wanted to see if the addition of radar in school zones would have any effect of speeds driven. 2d 225, the court ordered the a€?officer must be able to establish that the target vehicle was within the beam widtha€? at the time of the infraction. Officers were also required to log and demonstrate the correct set up procedure of each device including checking the accuracy of transmission using tuning forks in the case of radar and establishing and shooting a Known Distance and Vertical and Horizontal Sight Alignment with laser.A  Both of these external tests were logged by the officers for potential use as proof the device was operating properly.
The research wanted to see if the addition of radar in school zones would have any effect of speeds driven.A  We also wanted to see if the percentages changed of drivers on their cell phones while in the school zones. Officer Joy Mickendrow of the Neighborhood Enforcement Team was in charge of the program before she was promoted to detective.A  However, the program continues.
It wasn’t a truly international company yet, but the new logo introduced that year may have been a step towards achieving that goal. The Texas Transportation Institute at Texas A &M University studied compliance with Doubling Speeding Fines in work zones and found almost no effect on the speed drivers drive. We noted in both samples females as a group were twice as likely to be on their phone while driving compared males. Radar detector detectors, RDDs, have been with us for over a decade and are used to enforce radar detector bans, especially in trucks.


Nobody is going to snigger if you don't a€“ these businesses have been around for many decades, and their logos have changed quite a bit since then, as you're about to see.SamsungThe name "Samsung" can be interpreted from Korean as "Three Stars", which explains, at least in part, the design of the Samsung Byeolpyo noodles logo.
The internal test button of both radar and laser guns do not measure the accuracy of the transmission of each device and should not be used a prima facie evidence of the correct operational accuracy of each device.A  Departments should establish their own standards on officer training, certification of officers, and time periods for re-certification of equipment including tuning forks. El Paso is unique in that the City Council of El Paso passed and adopted a city-wide Ordinance No. First, most of these complaints are based on the noise of drivers.A  Unfortunately, most of citizens confuse the noise made by drivers as speeding, when it is not the case. A warning letter is then sent to the driver on Las Cruces Police Department stationary telling them they were observed speeding.
The trio of stars remained a part of Samsung’s logo until 1993, when the image we all know today was introduced. Many cities have been given legal standing in establishing their own a€?commercial enforcement divisionsa€? in enforcing federal and local restrictions on radar detector use. A good rule is to use the same training and re-certification requirements of the state police agency within an individual state.
The After percentage of drivers at or below the posted speed limit changed significantly with 96.8% of drivers driving at or below the 15 mph school zone limit.
Its oval shape represents flexibility and simplicity while the blue color symbolizes symbolizing stability, reliability, and corporate social responsibility. Manually gaining statistics is the old fashioned way, but sometimes the old way is more accurate. If you are over the work zone speed limit, expect a not-to-happy ticket with your picture in the mailbox. Tuning forks are not interchangeable and must stay with the radar gun as delivered by the manufacturer.A  Quoting from the Operators Manual of a major manufacturer of radar guns in their section Why Testing Is Important, a€?In order to ensure continued compliance with FCC rules, meet legal requirements for admissibility or radar speed measurements, and verify full operating performance, the following test procedures are recommended.
5501, effective September 1, 2009 meaning the City of El Paso is responsible for enforcing violations city-wide. SML is conducting this project for an upcoming article titled a€?Handling Citizen Complaints About Speedinga€? which will appear in national law enforcement publications.
A radar reading was made on a vehicle and then a laser speed reading was made on the same vehicle. Two tuning forks are supplied with each radar gun.a€? Departments should verify that equipment re-certification companies re-certify equipment to standards accepted as they appear in DOT HS 809 812 (radar) and DOT Hs 809 811 (laser). The percentage of drivers on their hand held cell phones was also reduced dramatically with the After sample showing only 2% of the drivers on their phones compared to the Before sample of 6%. He concluded that only 16 comparisons varied by more than one mile per hour or .08% and accepted laser speed readings.
It wasn't a truly international company yet, but the new logo introduced that year may have been a step towards achieving that goal. During the home visit, Officer Mickendrow presents the statistics from the Jamar pole mounted Speed Enforcement Evaluator. Graduates of the Master Radar Laser Instructor Course are certified to teach other officers to Operator or Master Radar Laser Instructor certification standards.
Clearly, the visibility of radar use in the measured school zone was effective.A  SML advised the El Paso ISD Police Department to initiate RET meaning Random Enforcement Techniques in their school zones. The trio of stars remained a part of Samsung's logo until 1993, when the image we all know today was introduced.
RET is random as the name implies.A  Effective measures are placing of School Zone Radar Equipped letters on the rear bumper of each unit, placing additional signs of Radar In Use in the school zone, and using a radar display attached to the police unit. Aside from having a patrol car in each work zones, radar displays get drivera€™s attention and they adjust their speeds accordingly.
In this study, we compared some 2,648 speed readings on individual vehicles using six different laser guns and five different radar guns. Such a radar display shows oncoming driers their speed and should be placed at the entrance to the school zone.A  On some days there is no visible radar in the school zone.
On other days there is.A  Such random enforcement techniques work and do not require constant visibility of police units in school zones. Judge Stanton did caution that a speed reading past 1,000 feet was questionable due to the laser beam divergence. Drivers will not take the chance of getting caught speeding or using hand held cell phones in school zones.
Here again, in both samples female drivers as a group were twice as likely to be on their phone than the male sample.



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