The bill is known as the Unlocking Consumer Choice and Wireless Competition Act, which orders the U.S. Unlocking means the device can only access the network of a particular telecomm, like AT&T or Verizon. When consumers buy a cell phone or tablet, the cost is often subsidized in exchange for a two-year contract with a network carrier.
After Congress approved of legislation to make the action legal again, President Obama praised the move and is looking forward to sign it. This new bill is made totally against the last year decision made by the LoC that said it was legal for customers to jailbreak a phone but illegal to unlock any devices, whether a smartphone or tablet. Many politicians and consumer groups have said the new bill into law will help promote consumer choice in the wireless market, since it now freely allows consumers to take their mobile phones to other carriers.
Though the law makes unlocking legal, it does not order wireless carriers to provide customers the unlock codes without a valid reason. Want the most interesting Technology and Hacking News delivered automatically to your inbox? Unlocking your cellphone without your wireless carrier's permission has been illegal since late January — but a handful of lawmakers are working to legalize the practice once again.
A spokesperson for Wyden's office confirmed to Mashable that the bill would not authorize cellphone owners to unlock their phones in order to hop carriers before their contract has expired without first paying an early termination fee.

The bill is also retroactive: If passed, it would legalize any unauthorized unlocking that has taken place since Jan.
Derek Khanna, who has been at the forefront of a campaign to reform the DMCA and has recently been advocating for such reform to various staffers on the hill, told Mashable he welcomes Wyden's efforts but argues it won't legalize the development or sale of unlocking software. The DMCA was written in 1998 in part to allow content creators to use software locks that prevent their material from being copied.
The operating system inbuilt in the phone encrypts or locks devices so that they cannot be used with any other network.
Jailbreaking permits root access to the iOS file system and manager, allowing a cell phone owner to install tweaks, hacks, and mods that aren’t allowed in the App Store. This gives legal authority to service providers to keep a consumer's phone "locked," in which the cell phone owner faces large costs in switching carriers or attempting to link to other carriers overseas while traveling. Consumers who are still under a previously-signed service contract with their service providers, have to first satisfy the terms and period of that ongoing contract before being allowed to unlock their device. She is a Technology Enthusiast with a keen eye on the Cyberspace and other tech related developments. Ron Wyden (D-Ore.) became on Tuesday the first member of Congress to introduce unlocking legislation following the Librarian of Congress' failure to include the practice in a triennially-updated list of exemptions to the Digital Millenium Copyright Act (DMCA). Right now under the DMCA, you would need Verizon Wireless' permission to unlock your phone and AT&T's permission (in the form of a subscription, most likely) to join its network.

That lines up with the Obama's administration's position on unlocking announced earlier this week.
However, Wyden has been joined by a bipartisan chorus of other lawmakers in the Senate and House of Representatives who have announced their support for legislation to legalize cellphone unlocking: Sen. However, it has been widely criticized as having been interpreted to cover a wide range of practices — unlocking included — which its authors could not foresee.
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If this bill becomes law, you would be free to unlock without Verizon Wireless' permission but you'd still need AT&T's permission to connect to its network. FCC Commissioner Julius Genachowski has already come out in favor of legalizing unlocking and said his agency will investigate the matter.

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