27.10.2014
Extra Credit - Giving extra credit using this system requires assigning the extra credit to specific assignments (such as giving a score of 110%). Extra Credit: The values listed in the Points row in the Gradebook worksheet do not necessarily represent "maximum possible" points.
In this version, both the grade scale and the recorded grades are based on a 4.0 grade point system.
Recording Failing Grades: Unlike the percentage grade scale where failing grades are entered as 50% or half the points, a failing grade is entered as a 0, because the scale is set up so that F=0 and A=4 averages to a C=2.
Although some help information is included in the worksheets, I've included additional information about how to use the templates below.
To avoid confusion or possibly complete chaos, teachers should be very clear about how students will be graded. Each of the spreadsheets contains a worksheet for defining the Grading Scale, depending on the chosen grading method (see below).
The grade book template is designed to make it easy to customize the spreadsheet for the size of your class. You can add or remove assignments by simply copying the entire column for an existing assignment and then pasting that column somewhere between the first and last assignment column. It is fairly common, especially in college courses, to make the exams, quizzes, homework, the final, and class participation each a specific percentage of the final grade. In favor of simplicity and flexibility in my spreadsheets, instead of calculating each of these totals separately then combining them to get the final grade, each assignment is given either a number of points or a weighting factor. Example 1: Relative Weighting - If you wanted an exam to be equivalent to 5 homework assignments, in the Gradebook worksheet you could set the weighting factors on the homework to 1 and the weighting factor for the exam to 5. Example 2: Using Total Points - The number of points for each assignment can be used as the weighting for determining what percentage of the overall course grade comes from homework, exams, quizzes, etc. Excused Assignments: To record an incomplete assignment as excused, you can either leave it blank or enter an "E" or "e" (not case sensitive).
Adding Comments: One nice thing about using Excel is that if you need to include any comments about specific assignments, you can add a comment to the cell (right-click on the cell and select Insert Comment).
Example 2: The policy in department X is to allow 15% of the grades to be A's (including A-, A, and A+). The assignment of the final letter grade in the Gradebook worksheet is done automatically based on the grading scale defined in the Grades worksheet.
A Little Background: A common approach to grading on a curve is to first order all the final grades from highest to lowest. An alternative to ordering the grades (something that the gradebook template doesn't do for you) is to determine the cutoff scores by calculating percentiles and altering the grading scale accordingly. Using Percentiles: A Percentile is defined as a value below which a certain percent of values fall. Plus and Minus Grades (Chromatic Variants): When grading on a curve, the cutoff scores for the plus and minus grades (A-, B+, B-, etc) might be subjective or you might use the system where the minus scores make up the lower 30% of the letter grade and the plus scores make up the upper 40% of the letter grade to correspond with the GPA system. Teachers may sometimes want to make different types of assignments worth a certain percentage of the final grade, such as Homework=30%, Exams=50%, and Attendance=20%.
Final Grade: The final grade is calculated by multiplying the category weight times the category score and adding the results for each category.
Extra Credit: In theory, extra credit can be earned by giving a student more points on an assignment than are available for that assignment, although the weight of that type of extra credit is difficult to determine.
Scores per Category: The percentage score for each category is calculated by dividing the total points earned by the total points available for that category. Dropping the lowest exam score or quiz score is a popular way to make students happy, but weighting factors can complicate this. What if the exams have different weights, how do you know which one has the largest negative effect on the grade? Which one do you think should be dropped, the lowest % score (Exam A) or the score with the largest point loss (Exam C)? My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic series, products and pictures are absolute favorites of little girls.
My Little Pony video games can be fun but for younger kids the painting is more fun and should be encouraged by elders. We now have a few different types of grade books that can handle most of the major grading systems used in high school and colleges.
In addition, because the gradebook is in Excel rather than an online gradebook system, you can add cell comments and format cells to highlight specific grades. Points: If you use total points for the weighting factors, then the percentage system is almost exactly the same as the point-based system, except that you are recording grades as percentages, and doing the calculations for each assignment by hand. This type of system might be used by a class in which all grades are subjective and the grading on each assignment is by letter grade.
The items below are listed generally in the order that you would need to perform the various actions. The grading scale is often outlined in the course syllabus, depending on how structured the course is. In the Names worksheet as well as the Gradebook worksheets, when inserting or removing students, you should insert or remove the entire row (right-click on the row number to bring up options). However, students usually like to keep their grades private to avoid heckling from other classmates.
It is important that you do not paste the new column AFTER the last assignment because if you do that, the formulas will not automatically stretch to include the new column.
For example, the breakdown might be homework=25% of the grade, midterm=25%, quizzes=15%, and the final=35%.
Or, using the point system, the exam would be worth 5 times as many points as a homework assignment.
For example, if a typical homework assignment is 25 points and you have 10 of them, the total points for homework is 250. You should probably add a comment so you can keep a record of the actual score earned on that exam.
However, if a student misses an assignment or scores less than 50%, you should record the grade as 50% or half the points for that assignment. If you are aiming for a target class average, you can use goal seek to set the Mean percentage to the target value by changing the curve percentage. To be fair, the teacher might want to shift all minimums down 0.1% in this case (this would also make the changes more defendable). You can determine the minimum score for an A- by calculating the 85th Percentile and then shift the grading scale. For the formulas to work correctly, the Grading Scale must be ordered from lowest to highest. However, what I have described above in "final adjustments to grading scale" is one method for adjusting grades based on a curve. To find the minimum score for an A-, you calculate the 90th percentile using the following Excel formula, where final_scores is the range of cells containing the final student scores. For example, if the weighting is Homework=60% and Exams=40% and a student's scores are 80% for homework and 75% for exams, then the final grade is 60%*80%+40%*75%=78%. Defining specific extra credit assignments makes it easier to define the weight of the extra credit on the final grade. If you give 3 exams and allow the lowest score to be dropped, it is easy to figure out which one to drop IF all exams are worth the same number of possible points - you drop the assignment with the lowest % score (or lowest points earned - it will be the same). Your little princesses might already have many of the toys and merchandising goods of the franchise. Twilight Sparkle, Rainbow Dash, Rarity, Fluttershy, Pinkie Pie, Applejack, Apple Bloom, Swetie Belly and Scootaloo will keep the kids company while you can get on with other chores. It will help develop their sense of beauty, color, love for animals and most of all their imagination capability.
For example, instead of recording an A- as a 90% (the minimum), you might record it as a 92%. Or, if you allow extra credit on a specific assignment, the student might earn a higher score than the one listed in the Points row. I would have liked to make the template work so that you enter the actual letter grades, but that turned out to be too complex, so instead, the grades are recorded by converting the letter grade to the equivalent point value.
Regardless of the system you use for grading, remember that grades you give should be Fair and Defendable (see  below).
College students will usually want to know how many assignments and exams there will be as well the points or weighting associated with the home work and exams. So, I've built into the spreadsheet a checkbox for switching between student names (for the teacher's convenience while recording grades) and custom student IDs (to maintain some privacy when displaying the grades to students). To make the exams worth 50% of the grade, you just need to make the total points for the exams equal to 250, also.
For example, you might want to include a comment about why a particular assignment was excused for a student. These percentages represent a symmetric bell curve for the ABCDF grading system with a C average, but the values will depend on how many A's you are allowed to assign and whether or not the distribution is symmetric.
Assignments within a category can be given different weights by giving each each assignment and different number of points possible (such as a final worth 150 points and a mid-term worth 100 points).
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On a typical 4-point GPA scale, F=0 and A=4, so the average between an F and an A is a C=2.
They are already friends with My Little Pony episodes and know which of the ponies are of what color. The nice thing about this system is that you can use whatever method makes sense for a particular assignment. If you are using a percentage or point based grading scale, is the average between a 0% (F) and 100% (A) also a C?
When making adjustments, it is vital to remember to make the grades Fair and Defendable - meaning that you as the teacher can defend the grades you give when hounded by students, parents, the department head, or the school board. Let them paint and smear a color riot on these free printable My Little Pony coloring pages.
If you are unsure what template to use, I would suggest using the percentage-based version.
An Exception: Teachers might choose to give a 0% in order to penalize students for not turning in assignments and to discourage laziness. This would also distinguish a student who didn't do anything from one who struggles but only scores a 50%. 