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06.04.2015
DESCRIPTION: During the Middle Ages the Greek tradition of disinterested research was stifled in Western Europe by a theological dictatorship which bade fair, for a time, to destroy all hope of a genuine intellectual revival. Most Arab cartographers also used Ptolemya€™s instructions in the construction of their own maps. Over the years, these enlightened Arabs injected new life and a storehouse of knowledge into the relatively backward science of Western Europe, and, for centuries, Arab culture actually dominated the Iberian Peninsula and Sicily. In the year 1138, the royal palace at Palermo, Sicily was the scene of a long-awaited meeting between an unusual Christian king and a distinguished Muslim scholar.
The monarch was Roger II, King of Sicily; his distinguished guest the Arab geographer Abu Abdullah Mohammed Ibn al-Sharif al-Idrisi [Edrisi].
Al-Idrisia€™s writings tell us less about his own character and personality than about those of the man who became his host and patron. Sicily in particular was an ideal meeting ground for the two civilizations a€“ Christian Europe and the Muslim Middle East. Early in the 11th century a band of Norman adventurers, the Hautevilles, had ridden into southern Italy to wrest it from the Byzantine Greeks and the Muslims, and in 1101 Count Roger da€™Hauteville capped his career by conquering Sicily.
Tall, dark-haired, bearded and corpulent, Roger, from a magnificent palace in Palermo, ruled his kingdom with a balanced mixture of diplomacy, ruthlessness, wisdom and skill that has led many historians to term his kingdom the best-governed European state of the Middle Ages. Rogera€™s interest in geography was the expression of a scientific curiosity just awakening in Europe, but inevitably he turned to a Muslim for help. A few practical maps did exista€”marinersa€™ charts showing coastlines, capes, bays, shallows, ports of call and watering and provisioning placesa€”but in a typical medieval divorce of science and technology, these remained in the hands of navigators.
To carry out the project, Roger established an academy of geographers, with himself as director and al-Idrisi as permanent secretary, to gather and analyze information. The academy began by studying and comparing the works of previous geographersa€”principal among them 12 scholars, 10 of them from the Muslim world.
Al-Idrisia€™s two geographers from the pre-Islamic era were Paulus Orosius, a Spaniard whose popular History, written in the fifth century, included a volume of descriptive geography; and Ptolemy, the greatest of the classical geographers, whose Geography, written in the second century, had been entirely lost to Europe, but preserved in the Muslim world in an Arabic translation. After examining at length the geographical works they had collected, the king and the geographer observed that they were full of discrepancies and omissions, and decided to embark on original research. During this research, al-Idrisi and Roger compared data, keeping the facts on which travelers agreed and eliminating conflicting information. Finally, however, the long 15-year geographical study was finished and the task of map making began. Al-Idrisi explained that the disk merely symbolized the shape of the world: The earth is round like a sphere, and the waters adhere to it and are maintained on it through natural equilibrium which suffers no variation.
By al-Idrisia€™s time, Muslim astronomers had made great strides in methods of reckoning latitude. Al-Idrisi himself gave three figures for the eartha€™s circumference, without deciding among them: Eratosthenesa€™ approximately correct estimate, a slightly smaller figure arrived at by Indian astronomers, and a still smaller numbera€”though larger than Ptolemya€™sa€”which was apparently agreed on by Sicilian scholars.
On the disk, according to al-Idrisia€™s own account, were incised a€?by skillful workersa€? lines marking the limits of the seven climates of the habitable world, arbitrary divisions established by Ptolemy running east and west and bounded by parallels of latitude, from the Arctic to the Equator. The map, written in Arabic, shows the Eurasian continent in its entirety, but only shows the northern part of the African continent. The resulting book and associated maps which took 15 years to amass are, for this and the above reasons, unquestionably among the most interesting monuments of Arabian geography. Modern geographers have attempted to reconstruct the features of the silver planisphere by using a combination of the maps of Rogera€™s Book, which has survived in several texts, and its tables of longitudes and latitudes.
Distortions, omissions, and misconceptions notwithstanding, the superiority of al-Idrisia€™s map over the world maps of medieval Europe is striking.
The first division of the first climate commences to the west of the Western Sea, which Idrisi called the Sea of Darkness.
Following the Nile, still eastward, we find the nomadic Berbers who pasture their flock on the borders of a river flowing from the east, debouching into the Nile stream. It is clear that the part of southern Africa which is extended far to the east is a legacy from Ptolemy, but Arabian seafarers had taught Idrisi that the sea was open in the east, and in his own commentaries he writes: a€?The Sea of Sin [China] is an arm of the ocean which is called the Dark Sea [the Atlantic]a€?. To the south al-Idrisi pictured a great river, the Nile of the Negroes, a composite of the Senegal and the Niger Rivers that flowed from Central Africa west to the Atlantic. Sicily, naturally, came in for special praise; it was a pearl of the age, and al-Idrisi told the story of the Norman conquest of the island by Roger da€™Hauteville, the greatest of Frankish princes, followed by the succession of the great king who bears the same name and who follows in his footsteps. Idrisi was not, however, able to put the countries around the Baltic into proper shape, even though his notes show him to have been familiar with a great many places there, as in the rest of Europe.
The impressive assemblage of facts from travelersa€™ accounts and geographical writings was interrupted now and then by fables, some taken directly from Ptolemy, some from popular folklore. Al-Idrisia€™s Rome had an oriental magnificence; ships with their freight sailed up the Tiber to be drawn thus loaded right up to the very shops of the merchants. The Arabs knew these islands through Ptolemy, and called them Jazaa€™ir al-Khalidat [The Eternal Isles], presumably a version of the Greek name. After telling us that the Canaries had been visited by Alexander the Great and that the tomb of a pre-Islamic South Arabian king, made of marble and colored glass, can be seen on one of them, al-Idrisi gives the names of two of the islands.
Even more interesting is al-Idrisia€™s account of an actual voyage of exploration into the western Atlantic, undertaken by 80 brave men from Lisbon whom he calls the mugharrirun, best rendered as a€?intrepid explorers.a€? The expedition must have taken place before 1147 - the date Lisbon fell to the Christians - but it is impossible to be more precise. It was from the city of Lisbon that the mugharrirun set out to sail the Sea of Darkness in order to discover what was in it and where it ended, as we have mentioned before. The inhabitants of the island of al-Sua€™ali are shaped like women and their canine teeth protrude. The island of Qalhan is inhabited by animal-headed people who swim in the sea to catch their food. Al-Ghawr makes sense; it means a depression surrounded by higher land, and occurs elsewhere in the Arab world as a place name.
Al-Idrisi gives the names of 13 islands in the western Atlantic; a 14th, visited by the mugharrirun, is nameless. On his map, Idrisi shows a long string of islands in the Western Ocean reaching north from the equator to Brittany. However, Arab geographers and astronomers were much too accurate in their latitude calculations to mistakenly spread the Canary Islands so widely over the ocean. The three intermediate islands in the chain may be the first cartographic representation of the Azores. Idrisia€™s description of other islands in the Atlantic appear to have more to do with fanciful legends than with reality.
Some of these islands resemble the islands of Irish legend, and the Arabs may have incorporated parts of the Celtic tradition into their own legends. At the latitude of Tangier, in the Grand Sea, there are situated islands named a€?The Fortunate Islands.a€? These are spread in the sea, not far away from the west coast [of Africa], the Barbary Coast.
Al-Idrisi presented the planisphere, a silver celestial sphere and the book to his patron in 1154, just a few weeks before Roger died at 58, probably of a heart attack; he went on to compose another geographical work for William I, Rogera€™s successor. According to Arab sources, Idrisi composed yet another more detailed text and map in 1161 for Rogera€™s son William II. In 1160, however, Sicilian barons rose in rebellion against William and during the disorders looted the palace; in a great fire in the courtyard, they burned government records, books and documentsa€”including a new Latin edition of Rogera€™s Book which al-Idrisi had presented to William.
Since the barons had attacked the Muslims of Sicily with particular ferocitya€”killing, among many others, a famous poet named Yahya ibn al-Tifashia€”al-Idrisi fled to North Africa where, six years later, he died.
As he had brought the Arabic text with him, however, his great work lived on, winning widespread fame, serving as a model for Muslim geographers and historians for centuries and providing the great Muslim historian, Ibn Khaldun, with practically all his geographical knowledge. It is a curious thought that had Columbus been aware of the true distancea€”from al-Idrisia€™s estimatesa€”he might have hesitated to undertake his epoch-making voyage and might never have discovered that new world which came to light one morning on the far side of the Sea of Darkness.
Idrisia€™s works are of exceptional quality when considered in comparison with other geographical writings of their period, partly by reason of their richness of detail, but mainly because of the afore mentioned a€?scientific methoda€™ that was employed, a procedure which was indeed unlike that adopted by most Latin scholars of that era.
There is, however, a markedly retrograde character to certain portions of his work, such as East Africa and South Asia; despite his narrative of the Lisbon Wanderers (see above and Beazely, vol. In view of its modernity and high intrinsic worth, it is difficult to understand why Idrisia€™s work, composed as it was at the chronological and geographical point of contact between the Islamic and Christian civilizations, remained so long un-utilized by Christian scholars in Sicily, Italy, or other Christian countries, until we remember that the primary - we might even say the sole - interest of the Latin West in Arabic literature centered on the preparation of calendars, star tables and horoscopes, and, to some extent, the recovery of ancient lore. Al-Idrisia€™s map places Gog and Magog in northern China, behind a great wall with a tower and a door; at the wall is an inscription, translated as a€?belongs to the Kufaya mountain range which encloses Gog and Magoga€?. The first translation known of Idrisia€™s work was published in Rome only in 1619, and then in a very much shortened form (the translator did not even know the authora€™s name). On the other hand, there is no question but that the Sicilo-Norman enthusiasm for geography exerted an indirect influence on the evolution of geographical knowledge, an influence that was to make itself felt more especially after the close of the Crusades period.
Detail of the a€?The large Idrisi Mapa€? showing Europe and North Africa,a€? re-oriented with North at the top. Reproduction and re-orientation of a map of the world adapted from the Muqaddimah [Introduction] to Ibn Khalduna€™s monumental work, The History of the World, 1381; derived from the 1154 al-Idrisi map.
Calculating Kabbalistic Natal Horoscopes Using Kabbalistic Astrology and The Astrological Calculator.
The Astrological Calculator is an instrument that can easily be used by anyone to calculate a natal Kabbalistic Horoscope.
As in Kabbalistic philosophy and because we live on Earth, the center point of all the concentric Kabbalistic spheres is Earth. The Astrological Calculator comes with the very attractive main calculating wheel, a set of charts of positive angelic beings indicating their names and degree, and instructional information.
In the Earth Centric Kabbalistic model it is perhaps easier to see that the Kabbalistic spheres can immediately affect all life on Earth. Firstly, although the heliocentric and the Earthcentric models are analogous to each other they do not resemble each other in structure. Although it has always been there, the Zone Girdling the Earth and its 360 entities (one for each degree or every four minutes – this is why a geometric circle, as far back in history as anyone wishes to go, has always had 360 degrees) may be seen as an entirely new concept altogether to many. Everyone familiar with astrology in general accepts the concept that each sphere produces a distinct influence because its field of influence is defined. Kabbalistic astrology calculates which specific beings were present at the time of birth and their specific fields of influence.
As is evident from the circular chart above the number in each color circle indicates the number of entities that belong to the specific spheres. Although this spiritual knowledge is universal and singular, there are two very distinctly different depictions of the Tree of the Sephiroth, one is Hebraic and the other is Christian (there are also likely oriental depictions).
This aspect of Kabbalah is not only very interesting, it also illustrates one very fundamental and practical application as well as the depth of True Kabbalistic study that is largely unknown and untapped especially among present day Kabbalistic philosophers. The Astrological Calculator calculates, using this information, which beings are present at the time of birth. Kabbalistic Astrology can be an essential tool to help better define a person’s life, talents and attributes. Everyone on Earth tries to figure out who they are and what they want to do with their lives.
Even though fundamental self-knowledge is vital and would ultimately set a person truly free, very little until recently, has been available in books of wisdom or Holy Script to the general public that might clearly and systematically unlock this fundamental puzzle. Many people, especially in North America define who they are by their work – how they make a living or, how much money they have been able to amass. All in all, Kabbalistic Astrology is an excellent tool that has remained buried in the sands of Ancient Egypt for a long time and now it is available to everyone in our times! We hope you enjoy the journey that explores and fulfills your untapped inner potentials and purpose in your life.
Kabbalistic Astrology, Astrology, Physical Mantic Astrology and Astronomy are Related but Literally Worlds Apart. Kabbalistic Astrology is the original source for all aspects of what is now called astrology. Literally, the word astrology means the study of the astral world or astral plane which is not visible to most human beings. Most of the confusion between astrology and astronomy comes from gross philosophical misunderstandings and errors imposed by the sheer spiritual and natural ignorance of the major spiritual institutions of only a few centuries ago, that mistook the Kabbalistic model of concentric astral spheres that surround our Earth as the actual physical planetary order which, of course, have absolutely nothing to do with each other. Planetary aspects can be calculated by anyone who is interested and is willing to observe them and can be used for practical mantic (prognostication) purposes very usefully through entirely physically manifesting effects. Many have tried to predict their love-life by planetary based astrology and have found nothing but disappointment because love is astral and the planets are not. Kabbalistic Astrology is, by its very definition, related to the Kabbalah and Kabbalistic philosophy. The Kabbalah itself represents the unseen structure, and order of the unseen angelic forces that govern all physical existence. Kabbalistic Astrology is one of the more obvious of the many practical applications of pure Kabbalah that even a person who is not fully versed in Kabbalah can apply usefully; in much the same way as a person does not need to know how to build a car in order to be able to drive one. A Kabbalistic natal horoscope calculated using instruments like the Astrological Calculator likely precede Ancient Egypt, and the method has remained, like the Kabbalistic order of planet Earth, completely unchanged.
The forces that control the destiny and movements of the stars and planets and the life that exists upon them is necessarily controlled at the spiritual and astral level Kabbalistically. Measuring an object and where it is in relation to something else and its physical characteristics does not reveal why it is there or the actual purpose that it serves. However, the appearance of any living thing in the mineral, vegetable or animal kingdoms will have a color, a geometry and life cycle, a specific smell and feel, a place of origin, an environment where it naturally flourishes or can typically be found, a characteristic behaviour.
Kabbalistic astrology is the only tool that can define the purpose of the newly born spiritual being within its physical existence. In order to discuss Kabbalistic Astrology intelligently a rudimentary base must be laid explaining its foundation in Kabbalah theory. Within this order, numbering from one (1) to ten (10), all possible possibilities as far as we are concerned on Earth are contained.
And, even though these representations are identical in concept one can be used to better explain the other. The Spheres, their Colours, Geometries, Names, Corresponding intelligences and so on, represent the process by which existence has come into being, is maintained, and is guided.
The geometry of the Hebraic order depicted on the right is more an obscure philosophical study whereas the Fludd interpretation of the same information makes the information more practical as well as putting it into a context that can be more practically analyzed and applied. The information applied in the Hebraic Sephirothic structure has maintained the names of God within the respective spheres but has also included the corresponding information from Robert Fludd to elaborate on the respective relation of numbers, the names of God, Geometries, Planetary sphere, respective attributed properties, etc. Although the list below is a complete list of the order of the spheres it would take a much larger list to include all of the beings that each sphere actually contain. Copyright © 2012 Autos Weblog, All trademarks are the property of the respective trademark owners.
With this basis the Muslims combined the accumulated knowledge gained through exploration and travel.
As his visitor entered the hall, the king rose, took his hand and led him across the carpeted marble to a place of honor beside the throne. Born in Ceuta, Morocco, across the strait from Spain, al-Idrisi was then in his late 30a€™s. Roger II, son of a Norman-French soldier of fortune who had conquered Sicily at the beginning of the 12th century, was an anomaly among Christian monarchs of his time. Captured by the Arabs in 831, the island had remained in Muslim control until the end of the 11th century. Four years later, he passed the territory on to his son, Roger, who in 1130 was crowned king as Roger II. His energy was a legenda€”one commentator remarked that Roger accomplished more asleep than other sovereigns did awakea€”and his court boasted a collection of philosophers, mathematicians, doctors, geographers and poets who had no superior in Europea€”and in whose company he spent much of his time. Christian Europea€™s approach to map-making was still symbolic and fanciful, based on tradition and myth rather than scientific investigation, and used to illustrate books of pilgrimage, Biblical exegesis and other works.
He wanted to know the precise conditions of every area under his rule, and of the world outsidea€”its boundaries, climate, roads, the rivers that watered its lands, and the seas that bathed its coasts. Sicilya€™s busy and cosmopolitan ports provided an ideal place for such an inquiry, and for years hardly a ship docked at Palermo, Messina, Catania or Syracuse without its crew and passengers being interrogated about the places they had visited. This process of collecting and assessing material took 15 years, during which, according to al-Idrisi, hardly a day passed when the king did not confer personally with the geographers, studying accounts that disagreed, examining astronomical coordinates, tables and itineraries, poring over books and weighing divergent opinions. First, under al-Idrisia€™s direction, a working copy was produced on a drawing board, with places sited on the map with compasses, following the tables that had already been prepared. Although Ptolemy had discussed several kinds of projection (Book I, #119), the problem of flattening out the surface of a sphere so that it could be represented on a flat map would not be solved until the 16th and 17th centuriesa€”the Age of Explorationa€”and none too satisfactorily even then. Zach states in 1806 that a€?the oldest terrestrial globe that is known was made for King Roger II of Sicily in the 12th century, and is especially remarkable for the value of the metal which was used in its construction, this being 400 pounds of silver.
Below the Equator, an unexplored southern temperate zone was thought to be separated from the familiar northern one by an impassable area of deadly heat.


Two are in the BibliothA?que Nationale de France, including the oldest, dated to about 1300 (MS Arabe 2221). From this reconstruction it is evident that, like Ptolemy, al-Idrisi pictured the habitable world as occupying 180 of the 360 degrees of the worlda€™s longitude, from the Atlantic in the West to China in the East, and 64 degrees of its latitude, from the Arctic Ocean to the Equator. Contrasted with the quaint and picturesque, but almost totally uninformative maps of the Christian scholars, the features of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East are easily recognizable in al-Idrisia€™s representationa€”Britain, Ireland, Spain, Italy, the Red Sea and the Nile. He had no doubt met travelers and merchants from Scandinavia at the court of King Roger and received important information from them, but we know that the Arabs too had connections with the Baltic peoples and also those in Russia at that time.
In Russia, winter daylight periods were so short that there was hardly time for Muslim travelers to perform all five obligatory daily prayers.
Paris (Abariz) earned a condescending reference as a town of mediocre size, surrounded by vineyards and forests, situated on an island in the Seine, which surrounds it on all sides; however, it is extremely agreeable, strong, and susceptible of defense. The Strait of Gibraltar, according to Rogera€™s Book, did not exist when Alexander the Greata€”as medieval legend had ita€”invaded Spain. Discovered by Hanno in the fifth century BC, they were explored and colonized in 25 BC by Juba II, erudite king of Mauretania and husband of Cleopatra Selene, daughter of Antony and Cleopatra. Some sources speak of these islands as if they were legendary, telling us for example that on each of the six islands - there are in fact seven - there was a bronze statue, like the one in CA?diz, warning voyagers to turn back. The mugharrirun were so famous for their exploit that a street in Lisbon was named after them. A street in Lisbon, near the hot springs, is still known as a€?The Street of the Intrepid Explorersa€?; it is named after them.
It is hard to escape the impression that we owe the preservation of this account largely to the folk etymology in the last line. The Azores are named after a kind of goshawk - in Portuguese, aA§or - prevalent there at the time of discovery.
The inhabitants threw stones at the travelers and hurt several of Alexandera€™s companions. A small fresh-water river runs down from the foot of the mountain, where the inhabitants live. Al-Mustashkin is probably a corruption of al-mushtakin, meaning a€?the complainersa€? - appropriate enough for a population in thrall to a dragon. The Two Brothers could be the two small islands off Lanzarote in the Canaries, Alegranza and Graciosa, or indeed, any two prominent rocks off their coasts. This unnamed island, together with Masfahan, Laghus, The Two Brothers and possibly Sawa, are almost certainly islands in the Canary group. After describing the Canary Islands, Idrisi refers to an island in the Western Sea named Raqa, which is the Isle of the Birds, Djaziratoa€™t-Toyour.
Distinct from the Canary Islands were the Isle of Female Devils, the Isle of Illusion, the Island of Two Sorcerers, and the Isle of Lamentation [Gazirat al-Mustashkin], which was inhabited and fertile, with tilled fields, but controlled by a terrible dragon.
An exchange of ideas and reciprocal influences between the two cultures certainly took place. This work is said to have been even more extensive than his earlier one, but only a few extracts have survived. At the same time, the silver planisphere and celestial sphere disappeared, apparently cut up and melted down. Although the Arabic text of Rogera€™s Book was published in Rome by the Medici press in 1592, it was not again available to Europeans in Latin until the 17th century. Certainly the influence of Idrisia€™s Geography could not have been great in the world of letters or else traces of it would more easily be detected in Western literature.
An explicit reference to Dul-Karnaia€™in (an Arabic name for Alexander, among others) by the gate, leaves no doubt as to Idrisia€™s source.
Displays a Ptolemaic construction with an arrangement of horizontal divisions into seven parallel climate zones, originally oriented with South at the top.
This is an entirely different look at Astrology and a completely different calculation from a typical natal or even most other Kabbalistic horoscopes. Therefore all calculations are done relative to Earth based on the time of sunrise on the day of birth, which gives the spheres their starting alignment relative to the time of birth. The colouring of the main wheels is astrologically accurate in accordance to the spherical correspondences.
The influence of the spheres above these (Neptune, Uranus and Pluto) are not as significant as those that immediately girdle the Earth Sphere and therefore are not mentioned. It is impossible to produce a predictable, distinct and characteristic effect without a specific intelligence producing it. Even though we tend to take credit for our own abilities, it is from these beings that our talents actually originate from or are inspired through. The degrees indicates, based on a 360 degree circle around the equator of the Earth, when one entity enters and exits.
The soul has its make up partially from the souls of our progenitors (parents, grandparents, etc.) and partially from our own self (spirit) and partially from our Earth. Human beings are not robots so, no astrological chart can actually force a person to act in a pre-specified way.
The order of the angelic beings that correspond to the spheres was the basis for all the ancient sciences through the now almost forgotten Science of Analogy and is the basis for many things, including the division of time, and the naming of the days of the week and their unchanging sequence, geometry, numbers and so on.
Some might reject the idea that Kabbalah has any relation to Christianity and is exclusively Hebraic.
It also makes Kabbalistic astrology universally accessible to anyone who is spiritually minded even without a complete initiation into the deepest Kabbalistic Mysteries. If a person knows their inborn skills and attributes they would be in a much better position to more clearly define the major part of their purpose earlier on in their lives.
Kabbalistic Astrology can also explain or reveal the reason for the path taken in a person’s life or where some of the inner drives exist and why they take us to where they do. Astrology in the purest sense has absolutely nothing to do with the physical planets and stars themselves or their aspects because astrology, by definition, has to do with the astral world itself. The governing powers and energies that are the unseen astral forces logically cannot be generated by physical planetary or stellar movement or positions. These emanations are carried to Earth by the light that is emitted or is reflected from them a particular heavenly body. Therefore, the Kabbalistic, Earth centric, or Ptolemaic model also represented the Celestial world and where the souls of the departed would temporarily go. Everyone knows the benefits of knowing the times and benefits of sunrise, sunset, lunar phases, planetary alignment in relation to other planetary or stellar bodies and so on. They have no relation to actual astrology even though it is popularly believed to be so in our times.
But, no, the need to know Hebrew is not a prerequisite to knowing, understanding or implementing anything to do with either the Kabbalah or Kabbalistic Astrology and it never has. It is not a prognosticator into what specific life circumstances might present themselves in an individual life.
It is this study; the study of these spiritual forces and order, which is what Kabbalistic Astrology is and what mantic astrology is believed to be. The names of the theoretical channels connecting the Spheres of Sephiroth have not been included as they contribute little to most in comprehending Kabbalah conceptually as such.
Almost at once the two men began to discuss the project for which the scholar had been asked to come from North Africa: the creation of the first accuratea€”and scientifica€”map of the entire known world. After studying in Cordoba, in Muslim Spain, he had spent some years in travel, covering the length of the Mediterranean, from Lisbon to Damascus.
His co-religionists, commenting on his oriental life-style, complete with harem and eunuchs, disparagingly referred to him as the a€?half-heathen kinga€? and a€?the baptized Sultan of Sicily.a€? Educated by Greek and Arab tutors, he was an intellectual with a taste for scientific inquiry, and relished the company of Muslim scholars, of whom al-Idrisi was one of the most celebrated. Like Muslim Spain, it was a beacon of prosperity to a Europe caught in the economic slow-down we call the Dark Ages. In mathematics, as in the political sphere, al-Idrisi wrote of his patron, the extent of his learning cannot be described. Picturesque and colorful, European maps showed a circular earth composed of three continents equal in sizea€”Asia, Africa and Europea€”separated by narrow bands of water. While medieval Europe had become fragmented and parochial, both politically and commercially, the Muslim world was unified by a flourishing long-distance commerce as well as by religion and culture. The commissiona€™s agents haunted the ports, and if they discovered a traveler who had visited any particularly exotic region, he was conducted to the palace at Palermo to be questioned by al-Idrisi or even by Roger. Then a great disk almost 80 inches in diameter and weighing over 300 pounds was fabricated out of silver, chosen for its malleability and permanence. The great geographer Gerardus Mercator commented, If you wish to sail from one port to another, here is a chart . A knowledge of this globe would not have come down to our day had not Idrisi, a famous geographer of that time, given an especial description of the same, under the title Nothatol mostak [Pleasure of the Soul].a€? According to other scholars it is more probable that the reference here is to a circular disc or planisphere made by Idrisi, or an armillary sphere, but not to a terrestrial globe.
Following the rough sketch prepared by al-Idrisi, the silversmiths transferred the outlines of countries, oceans, rivers, gulfs, peninsulas and islands to the planisphere. The planisphere showed the sources of the Nilea€”not explored by Europeans until the 19th century, but evidently known to 12th century Muslim travelersa€”and the cities of central Sudan. Al-Idrisi described the lost city of Ghana (near Timbuktu, on the Niger) as the most considerable, the most densely peopled, and the largest trading center of the Negro countries. Few cities are comparable in the solidity and height of buildings, the beauty of the surrounding country, and the fertility of the lands watered by the Tagus.
The Norwegians had to harvest their grain when it was still green and dry it at their hearths since the sun shines very rarely upon them. Because the inhabitants of Africa and Europe waged continual warfare, Alexander decided to separate them by a canal, which he cut between Tangier and al-Andalus (southern Spain). A passionate art collector, Juba was also interested in science and technology, inventing a new method of making purple dye from the orchil plant - and the export of orchil from the Atlantic islands was of economic importance until early this century.
But al-Idrisi tells of an attempted expedition to the Canaries in the late 12th century, during the reign of the Almoravid amir Yusuf ibn Tashafin.
This is probably Tenerife, and the round mountain would be the 3,600-meter-high (12,000-foot) volcano called Pico de Teide.
Eighty men, all ordinary people, got together and built a large ship and stocked it with enough food and water for several months. The sheep are a problem, for the Azores were uninhabited when settled in the 15th century, and even if we slightly stretch the meaning of the word ghanam, which can also mean a€?goats,a€? we are still left with the problem of the origin of the creatures.
There are many rivers and pools, and thickets where donkeys and long-horned cattle take refuge. There used to be a dragon in the area, and the people were forced to feed it with bulls, donkeys or even humans, according to the legend; when Alexander arrived, the people complained to him of the dragona€™s depredations. Al-Sa€™ali is a word that refers to a kind of female demon or vampire; judging by al-Idrisia€™s description of the female inhabitants of the island, it is apt. This story of Alexander and the dragon echoes the Eleventh Labor of Hercules, the Golden Apples of the Hesperides, guarded by the dragon Ladon.
It could be argued that the first six islands, spread over three entire climate zones between the equator and the Strait of Gibraltar, represent the six known Canary Islands, forced into this north-south alignment by the physical constraints of the circular map with its narrow band of the Surrounding Ocean. The first two islands are the Canary Islands, properly shown in the first climate zone and carried forward from Ptolemya€™s map as the Fortunate Islands or Islands of the Blest.
This story may be a borrowing from Greek mythology, where a dragon guarded the golden apples of the Hesperides. In the 1400a€™s, therefore, Christopher Columbus had to rely on other sources of information. Unlike a multitude of Arabic writings of far less intrinsic value, the Rogerian Description found no Gerard of Cremona (translator of Ptolemy into Latin) to put it into Latin, and the authoritative geographical knowledge of the Western world was destined to develop unenriched by the treasures which Roger and Idrisi together had amassed. Gog and Magog appeared on Arabian maps as Yajoj wa Majoj from the 10th century; they appear on Al-Idrisia€™s map of 1154 under the same names. The climate numbers are given along the vertical axis, and the ten longitudinal divisions are given across the top. The text was accompanied by 71 part maps, a world map and 70 sectional itinerary maps, representing the seven climates each divided longitudinally into 10 sections. This is NOT a physical depiction at all, it is however, a true depiction of the astral order around the Earth. Additionally, although the complete structure is represented to the left; the spheres of Mars and Saturn are not part of the calculation because of the heaviness of these two spheres. For instance, if someone should want to make a chair; someone has to deliberately put their talents to work to physically assemble the necessary materials and put them together, otherwise a chair will not manifest. The starting point is the exact time of Sun Rise which changes daily calculated in Standard Time. The beings in our Kabbalistic Horoscope can be likened unto a personal team of spiritual consultants that are available to an individual, consciously or unconsciously, throughout the course of their lives. However, in many Gnostic and medieval, Christian mystical writings you will find Kabbalistic concepts very well explained by many authors, i.e. Understandably, some may dispute this fundamental point but, if we are to differentiate Kabbalistic astrology from other forms of astrology this pivotal point needs to be made.
Yet, there is no conflict between the actual heliocentric planetary model and the Earth centric astral model because they are representing two entirely different concepts – one is an astral order, the other is the physical planetary reality. This idea seemed so complete and orderly that it was further reinforced with a rigid dogma based on a complete fantasy that was supported by neither spiritual nor material reality. Through this strictly materialistic knowledge and observations historically people have accurately predicted material effects and by taking advantage of them people would know the best times that was more favorable for performing practical and necessary tasks such as when to plant or harvest, preserve foods without preservatives, when to slaughter animals, the best times to fish, prepare and administer natural remedies to name a few. Much of the astrological information assumed to be associated with the properties of the physical planets has been taken from knowledge from spiritual evocation and spherical magic which is part of the Kabbalah. A true Kabbalist however, is someone who can command the unseen forces of Creation at will – he can do much more than just talk about the Kabbalah. These specific properties are consistent from species to species and give a signature to the species which, out of which a name is often coined to describe the thing. On the left it is depicted more recently by Robert Fludd, to the right is the classical Hebrew depiction. The heads oversee the work of their subordinates who in turn have their subordinates pertaining to that particular sphere. As a young man with poetic pretensions he had written student verse celebrating wine and good company, but in the course of his journeys he had discovered his real passion: geography. The occupying Arabs had built dams, irrigation systems, reservoirs and water towers, introduced new cropsa€”oranges and lemons, cotton, date palms, ricea€”and exploited the islanda€™s mines and fishing grounds.
Nor is there any limit to his knowledge of the sciences, so deeply and wisely has he studied them in every particular. The Garden of Eden and Paradise were at the top and Jerusalem at the center, while fabulous monsters occupied the unexplored regionsa€”Sirens, dragons, men with dogsa€™ heads, men with feet shaped like umbrellas with which they protected themselves from the sun while lying down (see #205, #207, #224, #226). The mission he entrusted to al-Idrisi was intellectually Herculean: to collect and evaluate all available geographical knowledgea€”from books and from on-the-spot observersa€”and to organize it into an accurate and meaningful representation of the world. Muslim merchants, pilgrims and officials used so-called a€?road booksa€?, itineraries that described routes, traveling conditions and cities along the way. What was the climate of the country, its rivers and lakes, mountains, coastal configurations and soil?
All creatures are stable on the surface of the earth, the air attracting what is light, the earth what is heavy, as the magnet attracts iron. The mathematician al-Khwarizmi reduced Ptolemya€™s estimate of the length of the Mediterranean Sea from 62 to 52 degrees; the Spanish Muslim astronomer al-Zarqali further adjusted the figure to the correct 42 degrees. Roger II of Sicily had his world map drawn on a six-foot diameter circle of silver weighing about 450 pounds. The Baltic area and Poland were represented much more precisely than on Ptolemya€™s maps, showing the fruit of the geographersa€™ investigations. In the fourth section of the first climate, al-Idrisi located the sources of the Nile in their approximately correct position, though he pictured the Nile of the Negroes as joining the Egyptian Nile at that point. The gardens of Toledo are laced with canals on which are erected water wheels used in irrigating the orchards, which produce in prodigious quantity fruits of inexpressible beauty and quality. Juba populated the Canaries with Berber-speaking colonists, perhaps the ancestors of the Guanches. The admiral in charge of the expedition died just as it was about to set out, so the venture came to nothing. Then they set sail with the first gentle easterly and sailed for about eleven daya€™s, until they came to a sea with heavy waves, evil-smelling, ridden with reefs and with very little light.
The a€?sea with heavy waves, evil-smelling, ridden with reefs and with very little lighta€? can probably be ignored, for the passage is influenced by the a€?land of darknessa€? thought to exist in the farthest West, and the reefs may echo a passage in Platoa€™s Timeus which speaks of the shallows in the Atlantic marking the site where Atlantis sank.


No large mammals are indigenous to the Azores, and sheep or goats could only have been brought to the island by previous mariners. In the Arabic-speaking world, popular legend transferred a number of the heroic deeds of Hercules to Alexander - including the building of a land bridge across the Pillars of Hercules.
The wood is deep black, and merchants come to the island to harvest it and then sell it to the kings of the farthest West. The same linear arrangement of islands appears on 14th century maps such as the 1351Laurentian portolano (Book III, #233), and, a full century later, on the Bartolomeo Pareto map (1455), since it was still impossible to determine longitude. The sixth island, shown opposite the entrance to the Mediterranean, would be al-Ghanam [Island of Sheep], Madeira. I think that Babcock comes close, but, rather than the cormorant, the bird referred to is the goshawk [Afar], a species of hawk that closely resembles an eagle and abounds in the Azores, and from which the entire archipelago gets its name. On the Island of Two Heathen Brothers, two pirates lived until they were turned into rocks, and the inhabitants of the Island of Kalhan had the bodies of men and the heads of animals. Using a globe prepared by a German cartographer named Martin Behaim (Book III, #258), based on Ptolemya€™s miscalculations, Columbus also added in Marco Poloa€™s equally misleading estimates of distances and concluded, incorrectly, that by sailing west from Spain he could reach Japan or India after no more than a 4,000 mile voyage. The consecutive numbers sometimes used to refer to the sectional maps are shown in the upper right corner of each section.
A detailed philosophical knowledge of Kabbalah is not necessary to use the Astrological Calculator. They are the names formulated to define the principles that the Kabbalistic spheres represent and the planets are named after them by analogy according to the order of our Earth and its solar system. These fundamentally important distinctions are very seldom made and are what distinguishes Kabbalistic Astrology and in fact are the origin of all other forms of astrology. Kabbalistic Astrology deals directly with the specific influences that produce the “astrological” effects which are, in fact, actual beings; angels, intelligences, genii, etc. Jakob Boehme, Robert Fludd, Franz Bardon etc., in keeping within the context of Christianity. They could, by applying their natural talents to both make a good living and satisfying the very natural need to externalize their inner vision; to realize their inner potential more easily and to the fullest.
The Kabbalah is the spiritual discipline out of which such things as numerology and what now passes for astrology have come out of. In the same way as all objects, animate or inanimate have an effect on one another by their proximity to each other, the planets have an effect on life on Earth but, these effects are strictly physical and not at all astral in nature.
The concentric astral spheres have their names from a higher more absolute source and represent the true structure of the astral hierarchy of powers and energies that govern all life on Earth. Or, if someone happens to make wine, they would know when to rack the wine in its various stages of fermentation to preserve it without needing a chemical stabilizer and so on. The Druids, the Ancient Egyptians and other cultures of the East all had a Kabbalistic tradition, even if they did not call it Kabbalah.
If one should feel that they have no choice once here they might be comforted in knowing that the choices and agreements to their life’s circumstances were made by them before being born. Somewhere, the complete object must have an absolute name, that when uttered, brings it into being. He is responsible for singular innovations and for marvelous inventions, such as no prince has ever before realized.
His purpose was partly practical, but mostly scientific: to produce a work that would sum up all the contemporary knowledge of the physical world. Other Muslim scholars, like the Iraqi astronomer al-Battani and the Persian al-Biruni (#214.3), composed tables giving the latitudes of leading cities. The works of Al-Idrisi include Nozhat al-mushtaq fi ikhtiraq al-afaq - a compendium of the geographic and sociological knowledge of his time as well as descriptions of his own travels illustrated with over seventy maps; Kharitat al-`alam al-ma`mour min al-ard [Map of the inhabited regions of the earth] wherein he divided the world into seven regions, the first extending from the equator to 23 degrees latitude, and the seventh being from 54 to 63 degrees followed by a region uninhabitable due to cold and snow. The British Isles also were treated with a surprising insight, probably due to contacts between Norman England and Norman Sicily. It is a considerable island, whose shape is that of the head of an ostrich, and where there are flourishing towns, high mountains, great rivers and plains. Gradually, knowledge of the location of the Canaries was lost, even though Lanzarote, the island nearest the North African coast, lies less than 100 kilometers [60 miles] west of the mainland. Al-ldrisi says the admirala€™s curiosity was aroused by smoke rising from the sea in the west, probably the result of volcanic activity. Neither name is Arabic, nor do they appear to be transcriptions of Greek, Latin or Romance - but the fact that these two islands had names at all means mariners must have visited them, and the names are either native designations or hark back to some lost, perhaps oral, source. They were sure they were about to perish, so they changed course to the south and sailed for twelve days, until they came to Sheep Island, There were so many sheep it was impossible to count them, and they ranged freely, with no one to watch them. The Azores lie almost 1,300 kilometers (about 800 miles) west of the coast of Portugal - one-third of the way to America.
Some Greek mythographers thought the Islands of the Hesperides lay off the coast of North Africa, and we have already seen how al-Idrisi associates Alexander with two of the Atlantic islands.
The island is said to have been inhabited in the past, but it fell to ruin and serpents infested the land. Al-Sua€™ali and al-Mustashkin both sound completely legendary, but there is nothing legendary about Hasran and Qalhan, which sound as if they might belong together. During the period of rediscovery of the Azores under Prince Henry the Navigator, these birds were supposedly responsible for guiding the sailors to these distant islands.
According to one historian, friendly relations were established between the Sultan of Spain and the invaders. Surely, if the human beings on Earth through their activities produce all of the Earthly effects through their specific talents, it is not unreasonable to deduce that forces that might influence the matter of Earth and its animal, vegetable and mineral kingdoms are guided or at least inspired through the activity of intelligent beings to produce the astrological effect. It is these beings who purposefully produce the effects according to their specific field of expertise, through their specific sphere or activity as part of what we might call Divine Providence. It is also interesting to compare Kabbalistic Horoscopes with members of one’s immediate family and descendents to see what is reinforced or changes through generations as it helps to give a more complete picture of a person’s makeup. Both Hebraic and Christian perspectives have the same origin but differ fundamentally in their conceptual depiction. We intuitively seek out like-minded people that mirror our inner self, we stumble to find acceptance within social circles, we might use Religion as a means towards this end and in the end often settle for whatever it takes to earn a living and perhaps have a family. This point cannot be emphasized enough, the physical stars and planets are not astral; they are entirely physical and although they are part of astronomy they cannot be part of astrology per se in the truest sense of the word.
Reading the resulting light spectrum yields the chemical make of the substance with remarkably precise accuracy. These particular observations are more accurately part of astronomy or astronomical observation.
The calculation stands for ones entire earthly life span representing the gifts and their corresponding challenges one is blessed with during their sojourn on Earth. The power of a word to bring something into being should not be underestimated because when we speak to one another we communicate because our words create a picture in the mind of those we are speaking to.
This was the model that was mistakenly taken as the Earth centric planetary model which of course it is not; (see the Kabbalistic Astrology and Regular Mantic Astrology Tab) it is an astral order that produces physical effects and is only analogous in name only to the planetary order but, completely unrelated to it.
Everyone is assigned an aspect from every sphere when they draw their first breath at the moment of birth.
Others belonged to a later tradition of systematic geography, like the 10th century scholars Ibn Hawqal (#213) and al-Masa€™udi (#212), who produced books intended as something more than practical guides for the tax collector or the postman: as additions to the fund of human knowledge. An element of subjectivity entered into the fact that southern Italy was represented as larger than the north, and that Sicily occupied a substantial part of the Western Mediterranean, in contrast to Sardinia and Corsica, which shrank in scale. This country is most fertile; its inhabitants are brave, active and enterprising, but all is in the grip of perpetual winter. The Greeks called the Canary Islands TA?n MakarA?n NA“soi [The Islands of the Blessed], and they were regarded as the furthest known land to the west. In another passage al-Idrisi gives more details of this island - incidentally showing that a longer account of the voyage of the mugharrirun must have existed. In the 19th century, Carthaginian coins were found on the most westerly of the islands, Corvo - 31A° west longitude - and although the find has been questioned, the origin of the coins has never been satisfactorily explained. But if the word is Arabic, one would expect it to be preceded by the definite article a€?ala€?. Since the only inhabited islands in the western Atlantic just before the coming of the Europeans were the Canaries, Hasran may belong to that groupa€”unless, of course, it is to be sought in the Caribbean! If the isle of Raqa is indeed one of the Azores, then the discovery of these islands occurred as early as the 10th century. These talents might be, working with wood, clay, electronics, animals, politics, healing, music, painting, love and so on. These pictorial representations may help in visualizing what it is that Kabbalistic astrology is actually dealing with.
Many, even after having achieved these two fundamental objectives still find themselves hollow or empty for not having looked deeper into themselves to reach their fullest potential. This leads to the conclusion that the light carries within it the characteristic of the substance and each substance has a signature light frequency and colour band.
Consequently, the physical planets have been named in analogy to the astral spheres; not the other way around. The order of the spheres and the sephirothic order are one and the same; the former is English, the latter, Hebrew. From that moment on the beings that are assigned to you follow and guide you in the course of your life. In addition, scientific expeditions were dispatched to areas on which information was lacking.
Contrary to a still popular misconception that up to the time of Columbus everyone believed the world was flat, many scholars and astronomers since at least the fifth century B.C. Not surprisingly, the best part of both map and text, accurate and detailed, dealt with Sicily itself. It forms an island 300 miles long by 150 miles wide: this is surrounded by the Nile on all sides and at all seasons . Al-Idrisi gave the names of many English towns, principally ports, with the distances between them.
They caught some of the sheep and slaughtered them, but the flesh was so bitter they could not eat it. He says Sheep Island is large, shrouded in shadows, and filled with small sheep whose flesh is bitter and inedible. Corvo is marked on the Canterino map of 1351, where the name occurs as Corvini - considerably before its official discovery. That is to say that, in addition to the light itself there must be another extremely fine substance that is characteristic of the material that emanated it distinguishing its light from the light of all other things. The spiritual world directing the astral world and the astral world presiding over the physical world; in that order from the highest down to the lowest. That is why Kabbalistic astrology is Kabbalistic, why what comes into being does so by being called forth by a Kabbalistic utterance from a Higher Governing Force, and why it is completely separate from what is commonly referred to as astrology. Draftsmen and cartographers accompanied these expeditions so that a visual record of the country could be made. The greater part of the country is only habitable on the borders of the Nile for the rest of the country .
Hastings was a considerable town, densely populated, with many buildings, markets, much industry and commerce; Dover, to the east, was an equally important town not far from the mouth of the river of London, the broad and swiftly flowing Thames. In 1402 the Normans partially conquered them, meeting stiff resistance from the indigenous Guanches. They took some sheepskins and sailed on to the south for another twelve days until they sighted an island.
Nearby is another island, called Raqa, which is the home of a red bird the size of an eagle, which catches fish in its claws and never flies far from the island. Certain adventures of Sinbad the Sailor, from Tales of the Arabian Nights, are almost identical to those of Saint Brendan. They are represented in a hierarchal sequence to explain the very important fundamental Kabbalistic structure and order. Anthropologists will attest that indigenous people still live by these observations that produce consistent results in spite of not appearing to have any scientific logic behind them. The guardian angels have an entirely different responsibility, whereas the angelic beings of the spheres impart attributes, the guardian angels guide spiritual maturity – two entirely different purposes. You may get there sooner or you may not get there as soon as you expected, but you will certainly get there.
In the mid-15th century, the Spanish took control of the Canaries and continued the conquest. The settlers quickly burned down all the forests, so it is now hard to know for certain, but some sort of scented wood may have once grown there. But whether the Irish borrowed these myths from the Arabs, or vice versa, or if they both obtained them from an earlier common source is a matter of conjecture. A sphere is symbolic is a three dimensional circle and has traditionally represented God or His hierarchal activity for thousands of years in all advanced cultures. When a life comes into the world it is a completely new thing and must be part of that already existing order and must be given a place with it that is beneficial to it and the already existing order. Al-Idrisia€™s silver disk, or planisphere, was a form of projection considerably in advance of others of its time. Fighting was still going on when Columbus used the islands as the first stop on all four of his voyages to the Caribbean. They headed toward it in order to explore and when they were not far offshore, they suddenly found themselves surrounded by boats, which forced their ship to land beside a city on the shore. A king of the Franks heard of this, al-Idrisi adds, and sent a ship to the island to bring him that fruit and some of the birds, but the ship was lost and never returned.
They gather and accumulate only that specifica that are sympathetic to their organization to build and sustain each of its part with. The Guanches were not finally subdued until the end of the 16th century, when they and their language virtually disappeared. They saw the men who lived there; they were light-complexioned, with very little facial hair. Being made of their own very specific substances objects will manifest very specific properties and can also emit it.
And in the ninth century, 70 Muslim scholars, working under the patronage of Caliph al-Maa€™mun, gathered in the Syrian Desert to determine the length of a degree of latitude. There are arid wastes where one must walk two, four, five, or twelve days before finding water .
From the few words of Guanche preserved in the Spanish chronicles, we know they spoke a form of Berber, and were therefore probably descended from Jubaa€™s colonists. People, animals, plants, minerals, metals, planets and stars; all bodies have a particular emanation that is immediately around them or can be coaxed as through burning give up what they are made of.
Rather than rely on travelersa€™ guesses of distance, as previous astronomers had done, they used wooden rods to measure the road they traveled until they saw a change of one degree in the elevation of the polestar. Yet when Europeans encountered them, they had no memory of the mainland; having no boats, they were unaware that the other islands in the group were inhabited. Their calculation resulted in a figure for the eartha€™s circumference equivalent to 22,422 miles, an error of 3.6 percent, almost as accurate as Eratosthenesa€™ estimate and a considerable improvement over Ptolemya€™s.
On the fourth day a man who spoke Arabic entered and asked them who they were and where they were going and what was the name of their country. They told him everything and he said not to worry, and that he was the kinga€™s interpreter.
The next day they were taken into the kinga€™s presence and he asked the same questions they had been asked by the interpreter. They told him what they had told the interpreter the day before, of how they had embarked upon the ocean in order to find out about it and see the wonders it contained, and how they had come to this place. When dawn broke and the sun rose, we found we were in great pain because we had been so tightly bound. One of them asked us: a€?Do you know how far you are from your country?a€™ a€?No,a€™ we answered.



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