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11.05.2015
Description: Since the early 1490s, when Rossellia€™s world map showing the rounding of southern Africa was printed, there had been a decade and a half of the most far-ranging explorations.
The world map designed by Giovanni Matteo Contarini and engraved by Francesco Rosselli was first discovered in 1922 and is now in the British Library.
The mapmaker, about whom little is known, was probably a member of the distinguished Contarini family of Venice.
While the map seems puzzling at first, a closer look reveals the shape of the world as widely imagined by Europeans at the time of its publication. Off the eastern tip of that promontory an inscription refers to the discovery of Newfoundland by the Portuguese, a reference to the Corte-Real expeditions in 1500 and 1501.
Although the map shows some similarities with several early Portuguese manuscripts, it does not follow any of them closely. This cartographic treasure, unknown to scholarship until its discovery in 1922, gives a true reflection of cosmographical thought at the time Columbusa€™ career was coming to a close. Christopher Columbus, Viceroy of Spain, sailing westward reached the Spanish islands after many hardships and dangers. To the south, present-day South America is separated from North America by a wide strait but its northern coast is plotted in detail, based on the discoveries of Columbus in 1498 and Amerigo Vespucci in 1499-1500.
Fifty degrees of longitude east of Asia, and on the Tropic of Cancer, appears Zimpangu, [Japan] which is stated to be identical with Hispaniola. The inscription on the Caribbean Sea: The whole of this sea is fresh water, must have originated in the story of the discovery by Columbus on his third voyage of a current of fresh water off the mouth of the Orinoco River. The Trustees of the British Museum, who published it in facsimile in 1924, purchased the only known copy of this map in 1922.
The geography of Ptolemy to 180 degrees with the addition of the other hemisphere in the same order also on a plane of 180 degrees, and if by folding together the two sets of degrees you form them into a circle you will perceive the whole spherical world combined into 360 degrees.
The world and all its seas on a flat map, Europe, Lybia, Asia, and the Antipodes, the poles and zones and sites of places, the parallels for the climes of the mighty globe, lo! Whether the map was printed in Venice or Florence is uncertain, but probably in the former city, as the latter is not marked on the map; however, Mr.
In its coniform projection and the extension of Asia to the northeast, the map resembles that of the Ruysch map published two years later (#313). Zimpangu, or Japan, is described thus: This island lies 1,500 miles eastward from the coast of Mangi. The explorations of the Corte-Reals on the coast of Newfoundland in 1500 and 1501 are referred to in the inscription directly north of Insula Hispaniola, or Haiti, This land the seamen of the King of Portugal discovered. Africa is now surprisingly well delineated, showing the whole of the east coast but the interior details are pure speculation. For the first time India appears as a peninsula with the designation of Calicut and other cities reached by Vasco da Gama and later by Cabral in the early 1500s. The position of the much-exaggerated islands of Madagascar and Zanzibar in the Indian Ocean is exactly reversed from that on the La Cosa map (#305). The continent of Europe is fairly correctly drawn in outline except that Greenland, or Engronelant, which is placed north of Scandinavia as a peninsula of that land.
As might be expected, cartographers of the early 16th century began by attempting to fit portions of the new discoveries into the conventional [Ptolemaic] framework, and finished by accepting unreservedly the new pattern of the world revealed by the navigators.
The first in this series is this map of the world, designed by Giovanni Matteo Contarini and engraved on copper by Francesco Roselli in 1506.
These references to the whole sphere, the Antipodes, the poles, and the globe, are intriguing; it is possible that the cartographer, especially in view of some similarities between his map and the Behaim globe, had in fact a globe before him.
Two years after the Contarini may, another map very similar to it was published at Rome, and is found in copies of the 1508 Ptolemy edition. AlmagiA , Roberto, a€?On the cartographic work of Francesco Rosselli,a€? Imago Mundi, VIII (1951), pp.


Heawood, Edward, a€?Florentine world-maps of Francesco Rosselli,a€? Geographical Journal 95 (1940), London, pp. The number plates we supply comply with UK Law in terms of number plates fonts, spacing and flag badges. T8 was probably not the first private registration numberplate as many people think, but is generally considered the first 'celebrity' number plate and records only really exist due to its famous owner. Whilst the finished number plates will closely resemble the number plate above colours and image sizes may differ due to limitations in the display of images and colours on a monitor. Some findings from these exciting discoveries had been recorded on vellum portolan [nautical] charts of which only one or two survive today, such as the chart by Juan de la Cosa (#305) attributed to 1500 and the Cantino world map of c.1502 (#306).
The map is an elegant copper engraving on a fan-shaped or coniform projection and was printed in either Venice or Florence.
Despite the fact that on the map he refers to himself as famed in the Ptolemaean art, no other maps or charts by him have been discovered.
The three active European maritime nations: Spain, Portugal and England, represented by Columbus, the Corte-Reals (Gaspar and Miguel) and Cabot, all presumed that the new lands discovered in the West Indies and North America were in and around an extreme easterly promontory of the Asian continent, the province of Tangut, another place-name from Marco Polo. The legend at the West Indies reads: the islands that Master Christopher Columbus discovered at the instance of the most serene King of Spain.
Contarini either synthesized a number of sources or employed a composite map that has not survived. Perhaps its most charming feature is the legend off the east coast of Asia indicating that Contarini, along with Columbus in 1506, the year of the Admirala€™s death, believed that the great explorer had reached the coast of Asia. Weighing anchor thence he sailed to the province called Ciamba [the a€?Champaa€? of Marco Polo, known today as Vietnam]. Between Zimpangu and the west African coast, the discoveries of Columbus and the Spaniards are inserted, the group of islands, Terra de Cuba, Insula Hispaniola, etc., with no suggestion of a North American continent, and the northeast coast of South America as discovered by Columbus on his third voyage and his Spanish successors. On the north coast of South America, which Columbus called the a€?Pearl Coast,a€? is the legend: This is the gulf in which the Spaniards found very many pearls, and along this coast lions, swine, stags, and other kinds of animals. Made known by the industry of Giovanni Matteo Contarini and by the art and ingenuity of Francesco Roselli, of Florence, in 1506.
It would seem to indicate that Contarini knew nothing of the alleged voyage made by Vespucci in 1497 along the eastern coast of North America, and that in 1506, the date of the death of Columbus, Contarini shared the current belief that the great explorer had reached the coast of Asia. In this regard the map incorporates the names fairly close to those of Cantino, and an attempt to fit in the India of Vasco da Gama; between the Persian Gulf and the Indus of Ptolemy, the cartographer has inserted a narrow peninsula, trending southwestwards, on which are shown the towns of Cobait (Cambay), Cananor and Calicut (these two were visited by Vasco da Gama). Taprobana, formerly identified with Ceylon but later with Sumatra, also appears with an inscription to the southwest reading, Before Taprobana there are very many islands, which are said to be 1,778 in number. The Mediterranean Sea is fairly well drawn although it is given too great an extension east and west. The map, on a conical projection with Ptolemya€™s prime meridian as the central meridian and the equator truly drawn, has the eastern coasts of Asia in the west and Ptolemya€™s Magnus Sinus and the islands of the medieval travelers in the east. It is possible, but not very probable, that another section of his map, now lost, portrayed the southern hemisphere.
Heawood judges from the watermark that the paper was made in Florence.A  The map measures 17 x 25 inches (42 x 63 cm). The T-style registrations were also brought in during the first decade of the twentieth century in the Devon administrative area and T1 would've been the first issued, much like F1 and M1. Please be aware that all of our number plates are for legal use on the public highway and conform to the British Standard BSAU124d. No printed maps of this era depict any of the new explorations until the years 1506-1507 when three original world maps independently appeared. The date of the map (1506) and the names of the designer and engraver are indicated in a Latin inscription just east of the Cape of Good Hope. The engraver, Francesco Rosselli, had been in the map trade since the early 1490a€™s when he engraved the Martellus world map (#256).


His American place-names are also on the La Cosa, Cantino, and Caveri manuscript maps, and he included information found on each of them. Afterwards he betook himself to this place which, as Christopher himself, that most diligent investigator of maritime things, asserts, holds great store of gold. An interesting feature is that a conventional western coastline has been given to this southern landmass. Further evidence of this is found in the previously cited inscription off the east coast of Asia. From the kingdom of Moabar, reads the inscription on the scroll east of the islands, ships reach the island of Madagascar in twenty-nine days that can hardly return in three months because the vehement current of that sea runs southward.
It is the subject of the partly illegible inscription on the corner of the map below South America, which has been rendered into English by Mr. This transformation was made, as far as printed maps are concerned, in the space of ten years, as can be seen in the maps of Martin WaldseemA?ller (#310).
But these shown are the ones of which the names have been handed down.A  To increase the confusion, a Seila Isula also appears among the Southeast Asian islands, probably standing for Sumatra. However it was T8 that was famously owned by music hall comedian, Harry Tate, who later became a film star in the 1930s. It is your responsibility as the purchaser to display in accordance with the Road Vehicles Regulation Act 2001. These are the great world maps of Contarini-Rosselli, Johann Ruysch (#313), and Martin WaldseemA?ller.
Crucis [Land of the Holy Cross] shows Spanish influences, and most historians do not consider that the Cantino chart (#306) was a direct source. Perhaps this is intended to be the Antipodean continent suggested in the verses quoted below. This island has groves of sandal-trees and all kinds of spices, also elephants, lions, Iynxes, leopards, stags, camels, and many birds; and there is great abundance of gold there. It is stated to be ex recentibus confecta observationibus [composed from recent observations], and certainly draws on sources later than Contarini. The Indian sub-continent has much better proportions, but the Far East is in general still Ptolemaic, and the three a€?Ceylonsa€™ occur again.
Contarini used a novel conical or coniform projection, spreading the world in a fan shape to add information of new lands brought back by the first overseas explorers. The inscription identifying Zimpangu with Hispaniola is repeated, but there is an interesting addition 20 degrees west of the Azores where Antilia insula is inserted, the mythical island in the Atlantic, which first appears on charts of the early 15th century. The inscription identifying Zimpangu with Hispaniola is repeated, but there is an interesting addition 20 degrees west of the Azores where Antilia insula is inserted, the mythical island in the Atlantic, which first appears on charts of the early 15th century.A A  In South America there are also important additions.
The Contarini map appeared during the first decade of the 16th century when the results of Columbusa€™ voyages to the west and Vasco da Gamaa€™s to the east were beginning to be recorded on maps. The eastern coast is continued southwards to the Rio de Cananor at 30 degrees South, and it is noted that exploration has extended to 50 degrees South latitude, a reflection of Amerigo Vespuccia€™s voyage of 1501.A  In the north, there is an isolated portion of the mainland, probably Florida, and the Portuguese discoveries in the far north, with the addition of Greenland, are again shown as part of Asia.
Accommodating the new discoveries was the challenge and dilemma of cartographers, and Contarini resolved it well.
This world map represents the earliest attempt to bring the Far East and Far West into relationship to one another. Most maps of the period such as those of Caveri (#307) and WaldseemA?ller (#310) show the eastern and western discoveries at the extreme right and extreme left and make no attempt to indicate their connection with respect to a spherical earth.



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