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04.03.2016
In Germany and Austria today there are signs of the seriousness with which geopathic stress is taken.
If you find time, this geopathic stress documentary is extremely interesting and compliments the work I have been doing over the last 12 years and 30 years my father before me with the same conclusions.
Please scroll down the articles on this page for a more scientific understanding of geopathic stress.
There is also an interesting piece of research at the end of the page about the credibility of Vega testing for geopathic stress.
The most useful research document is below under the heading a€?Vienna Reporta€™ Read my summary and then either open up the original research document in German or the Poor English translation after the summary. The first studies that proved a link between cancer and geopathic stress were carried out in the early 20th century in Austria and Germany but, so far geopathic stress has been largely ignored in the UK.
A A A  Long term exposure in combination with other types of energy such as Hartman lines, high electromagnetic fields or geological faults can give rise to optimistic abnormal cell growth and cancer.
Germany has long been the seat of research in to the biological effects that pathogenic locations can have on both human and plant biochemistry.
Historic roots of the investigation are built on claims that pathogenic zones exist at certain locations and that sleeping or spending long periods of time above them are linked to cancer, debilitating diseases of the central nervous system, chronic fatigue and general ill health. The research was conducted by a team of distinguished professors, doctors, engineers, scientists and dowsers. To test this hypothesis the research team used the services of three dowsers known for there expertise in locating earth energies. At present, these so called a€?Disturbed Zonesa€™ can only be indicated by dowsers, with its presence being then verified with scientific instrumentation. The Project a€?The project involved the testing of 24 different biological parameters involving 985 trial volunteers in 6,943 investigations using 462, 421 individual measurements. Decoder Analysis of the Total Bioelectric Status a€?This investigation was significant and was carried out on a number of patients from a country medical practice. Heart Frequency Reaction (HFR) a€?In these investigations measurements from an electrocardiogram (ECG) were used in both sitting and lying down positions. Akrale Re-warming Time a€?The temperature measurement at the finger tips revealed that after standardized cooling on the a€?Disturbed Zonea€™ the Rewarming time is delayed significantly. Optical Flicker Fusion Frequency a€?This test measures the psycho sensory capabilities of the person.
Coordinative Vegetative Rhythm a€?Passive rhythms such as breath and pulse frequency operate in balanced Coordinative rhythms especially when at rest. Muscle Frequency Analysis a€?Significant location variations in the distribution of the muscle action frequencies were found in areas of electric muscle potential. Calcium and Potassium a€?On a€?Disturbed Zonesa€™ potassium levels increased with a rising significance and calcium increased significantly. Serotonin a€?Decreased by a factor of 6 on the a€?Disturbed Zonea€™ whilst increasing its metabolism to advance Tryptophan in compensation.
The a€?Location Effecta€™ of the a€?Disturbed Zonea€™ on regulatory systems of the human organism is proved without doubt and raises the question of which substratum, subsystem or system the location dependent powers primarily attack. The test results were lined up by Biometric Significance and are valued with the Serotonin and the Blood Corpuscle Decline Speed (BSG) in lead position. Serotonin a€?Serotonin is diminished on the a€?Disturbed Zonea€™ and its metabolism advances the tendency for Tryptophan to be increased. The research team concluded that there was no evidence to relate a€?Location Loada€™ to a specific illness but should be rather determined as a risk factor that can reinforce the effect of different pathogenic factors.
Only rudimental evidence is available today, if such zones could be measured using accepted physical apparatus. One of the reasons why an incontrovertible physical measurement of the assumedly existing electromagnetic fields appears to be impossible at present could be that these are very variable, broad-banded and at the same time only present in very low power strengths, a€?hiddena€? in the surrounding electromagnetic noise.
One can assume that there are many origins for the effects of different locations on humans, animals and plants. Low energy, broad-banded and dynamically changing EMFs, creating resonance with structures of the human organism, may well be part of the geopathy phenomenon. In addition, the dipolar nature of H2O-molecules can also be part of the origin of such fields.
Piezoelectricity is the ability of certain crystals and certain ceramic materials to generate electrical and magnetic signals in response to applied mechanical stress. Inside an ideal quartz crystal, the electrical charge of the elements silicon and oxygen cancel each other out. Another well known use of piezoelectricity is found in lighters using piezoelectric ignition: There, sudden mechanical pressure onto a synthetic quartz crystal block (containing high amounts of exactly aligned synthetic lattice crystal cells) leads to the generation of high voltage. Another aspect of the geopathy phenomenon, which appears to be largely underestimated in its importance, could be found in the presence of a€?longitudinal scalar wavesa€? (5). The existence of longitudinal wave proportions, as also present in the near field of a dipol antenna, could already be shown experimentally by Nikola Tesla (1856-1943) (16-16).
Proteins and most other bio-molecules are not at all a€?nonrigida€? structures; in order to fulfill their functions, they possess the ability to dynamically change their shapes within certain limits.
Huge amounts of very tiny magnetic crystals (magnetite crystals) have been found in the brain, and these could react very sensitively to the slightest changes in magnetic fields (20). Even though in today's popular media, pseudo-scientific and quasi-medical reports on the topic of geopathy are presented to the public, no a€?peer revieweda€? medical journal indexed in MedLine had published statistically firm and sound provable evidence of geopathic effects on humans until most recently. Our first concepts how to address the geopathy phenomenon were based on the descriptions and personal discussions with the late Otto Bergsmann (a€  2004) and Alois Stacher (medical doctors, both from Vienna, Austria) and carried out in close co-operation with Adolf Wiebecke and his team (Salzburg and Oberalm, Austria). For detection geopathic stress, we have followed the design of a randomized, double-blinded non-clinical trial (54-44), following the ethical guidelines of the expanded Helsinki Declaration (56). During the experiments, the complete GDV system was mounted on a trolley, in order to measure the effects of the two different zones in the laboratory room directly a€?on sitea€? without moving the test person to another place. To gain reliable data, we paid careful attention to a number of issues influencing stability, reproducibility and safety (24, 30, 37, 45): Throughout the whole study, the very same GDV system was used. As overlaying technical fields possibly influencing the results may have been present, we used sophisticated calibrated equipment to scan and record low and high frequency EMFs, potential acoustic noxae or vibrations during the whole study period, as well as a variety of additional physical parameters.
Further analyses were carried out for complementary medical parameters included in the GDV software package. Those people who are already in the beginning stages of poor health may sense an added sensitivity for diseases of different kinds when staying longer on geopathic locations, as well as notice that healing processes may take longer than usual. As there are no reliable measuring instruments available so far, presently it makes sense to take advice from an experienced dowser.
If constructional arrangements are not possible before erecting a building or before starting a reconstruction, which is supposedly the case in most instances, there are also other practical possibilities: provided that there is a will to do so, it should be possible to move beds or desk seats, in order to get them out of interference zones. Everyone can do something to prevent negative influences by sources that cause stress: anything that lowers stress in general also helps one deal with specific stress factors, and zones, from any origin.
Furthermore, many studies confirm that people who are a€?living healthilya€? a€“ who manage their weight, refrain from smoking, enjoy the outdoors, participate in sports, etc., - have stronger immune systems and feel definitely less stress than their a€?unhealthy livinga€? fellow men. For those who cannot (or do not want to) adopt many of the above mentioned choices, due to illness, age, or some other reasons, things could become more difficult.
Our studies show that it does matter on which location you stay for a longer period of time.
What is the relevance of our findings for hospitals, convalescent homes and rehabilitation centers? The term a€?wellnessa€?, which is composed of the ideals a€?well-beinga€? and a€?fitnessa€? as well as a€?life-stylea€? and a€?happinessa€?, to a modern point of view denotes a holistic concept of health. In a pilot study (unpublished findings), we have found indications of more aggressive behavior by children living or working on geopathic locations.
Naturally, the negative effects of geopathic stress zones also have considerable commercial impact. The follow-up costs associated with longer a€?chronica€? stays on geopathic interference zones are probably enormous: As said before, geopathy is a matter of a€?burdened work placesa€? leading to decreased ability of the employees to concentrate and to increased probability of employees' illnesses.
So far, the present scientific evidence of effects of geopathic zones on humans has been mainly found using complementary medical methods, with the exception of the GDV a€?area-of-glowa€? parameter. At the same time, we have already started experiments above different geological zones to test such key parameters contained in saliva, using biochemical assaying well accepted by orthodox medicine: various hormones, neuropeptides and immunological relevant substances are going to be tested a€?non-invasivelya€?. The authors extend thanks for their great help in conducting the quoted research and its essential components to this manuscript. For their innovative and far-seeing pioneering work and active scientific exchange in the field of geopathy we thank Univ.-Doz. When it comes to the topic of earth radiation, water veins and earth dislocations a€“ the so-called geological disturbances a€“ the layperson will usually associate this with hocus-pocus concepts such as a€?Dowsers,a€? often a man with large whiskers and an ironic smile. Many people do not believe the dowsera€™s tale, and associate it with occult illusion a€“ even if successes have been reported simply by moving a bed to a different area of the room.
The most common reason for the prejudice of the person listening -- who generally considers himself to be moderna€?and intelligent -- is the fact that nowhere do we find soa€?many absurdities, contradictions and a€?silly thingsa€? as in this area.
Ten allegedly qualified dowsers generally come to ten different conclusions in the same apartment or building.
I am sickened when I am told how people play tricks with the fears and hopes of seriously ill individuals. I hope to make a contribution in this area so that we may have an objective discussion of this subject. For years, sensitive electronic measuring devices have verified the old knowledge about earth radiations.
You can actually measure the natural radioactive radiation from the earth, all over the globe. We are born amid these natural manifold-radiating processes and there is no doubt that they are appropriate, important, healthy, and life protecting. But there are also zones (areas) where radiation intensities are noticeably different from the norm. I might measure a level of radiation along a long-line, for example, and often the intensity will change suddenly, giving me an entirely different value.
Sometimes these higher intensity zones area€?frequent and can be detected every other yarda€?or so. It is interesting to note that gifted dowsers will show swinging of rods or pendulums exactly where you would measure these significant anomalies too. I do not like to define, prematurely, every swing of a rod by a gifted dowser or every measured peculiarity as a a€?water veina€? or a a€?dislocation.a€? I have never dug into the ground to find the object which I assumed to be in existence while I was measuring on top of the ground. It is the task of science to connect one thing with another, and to analyze these connections. My practical experience is sufficient for me to know that concentrations of terrestrial radiation can be measured, and the findings will show noticeable differences from natural points of reference in the natural environment. What do we really measure, with our sensitive electronic instruments, if the objects are earth radiation, geological disturbances, water veins and dislocations? I refer to my own personal experiences, with different measuring approaches, and do not pretend exclusiveness.
That means: when you are above geological disturbances you can measure the distortion of the terrestrial magnetic field, similarly to that of magnetic steel. Here the compass is not the appropriate device because the declinations are so small that they cannot generate any substantial swing.
This measurement approach is not appropriate for house and bedroom examinations, however, because the artificial distortions coming from steel used in construction, materials, metal fixtures, and even the bed itself, can cause a blur in the measurement or make a reading entirely impossible. I think the argument is exaggerated; that these anomalies of terrestrial magnetic fields above geological disturbances are sufficient to cause biological problems. Conclusion: Though you can measure geological peculiarities, the application a€“ in rooms a€“ is rarely reliable.
A second peculiarity, as far as earth radiation is concerned, is that air ions often change.
Ion measurements are extremely difficult and ambiguous since many factors in your house mix up the air ions even more than the terrestrial radiation is capable of. This measurement is just impossible under the influence of an electrically radiating wall, or an electrostatically loaded curtain. I have discovered that a plastic bag, within a five-yard distance of the measurement, can change the environment of the air ions more radically than what could be possible from the geological subsoil. Measurements of the VHF field strength often show a drop in the measurement curve when taken above disturbances. Within buildings, however, evaluations are almost impossible as the measurements within walls are highly unreliable. One has to be very critical and attentive so as not to be taken in by too rash and incorrect conclusions.
Many manuals say that locating geological disturbances by using the VHF field strength is childa€™s play.
The geo-rhythmogram measures the skin resistance of a person from hand to hand with simple electrodes and a fitting ohm-meter.
When the skin resistance of a test person is normal, at 40 kilo ohm (Aschoff), the values can go up to 100, 200, or even higher when you are above zones of disturbance.
Even when all pre-conditions are fulfilled some problems remain: All stimuli towards the test person will be included into the measurement. Only with enough experience can you relate anomalies of the skin resistance to geological stimuli, and totally exclude that they are not produced from radio alarms or a spring mattress.
If you can do that, then the physical measurement can be reproduced and give a reliable result. Particularly interesting is the fifth possible approach to measuring terrestrial radiation.
That means: As I measure the natural radioactive radiation with a sensitive radiometer, I will get values of 100 percent or more if the measure is above a so-called disturbance zone. Though the natural basic radioactivity of the earth has some local differences due to climate and the earth level, the base level is generally consistent. From my experience, regular and reproducible increases in radioactivity above geological stimuli areas, in the range of up to 100 percent, are profound and are significant. If you can sleep for the next 20 years with only half the amount of radioactive disintegrations -- after a change of the bedroom position a€“ then, as a matter of caution, I see no reason to stay in the area that is doubly charged. I think it is greatly exaggerated to speak rashly of a€?cancer zonesa€? if you are referring to terrestrial radiation and other corresponding peculiarities. According to my own personal experience, and the findings of innumerable research and test reports, the healing successes after moving the bed cannot be discounted merely as psychological reaction placebo or coincidence.
During a meeting in Seattle, USA, I detected this phenomenon in a 22 floor hotel, on six different levels: in the underground garage, at the first floor near the reception, and on the roof -- always the same high values, down below and at the top, on the same premises.
As you know, I have found houses in which the radioactive radiation was higher than that which could be found in playgrounds and public swimming pools near the Chernobyl accident. The reason for this is radioactive construction materials: cinders, ashes, chemical gypsum, tiles, pumice and metallurgical stones -- all sorts of possible and impossible industry waste. Additionally, certain antiques, minerals and glazes a€“ in direct range of your body a€“ can radiate so strongly that biological risks can become immense.
While visiting three patients with brain tumors, I found just beside the head of one person a very old alarm clock that was radiating radioactivity; with another, a dark green glazed image of St.
For measuring terrestrial radiation, I use my most expensive instruments: highly sensitive scintillation counters. My experiences with measurements of radioactivity soon led to the decision to build a measuring device especially well-suited for building, biological, and geo-biological work, and one that was constructed to my own specifications. The very high sensitivity of the third prototype convinced me: more than 250 impulses per second in a normal radiation background, and more than 500 impulses per second on geologically disturbed surfaces. Besides its extreme measuring preciseness, the scintillation counter has the particular advantage of being extremely sensitive to gamma rays. With his super-sensitive measuring device (of more than 1,000 impulses per second!), he has shown that you can find water from the ground surface - guaranteed. More than 35 years of experience makes it possible for Stangle to define, with his measurements, the exact depth, the amount a€“ to the very gallon -- the mineralization, and the temperature of the localized water. The Daimler-Benz company made five expensive unsuccessful drillings before they called Jakob Stangle with his scintillation counter.
In 1972 Jakob Stangle walked through Vilsbiburg with his scintillation counter and totally confirmed the work of his sensitive predecessor by exact measurements, in two absolute blind tests. An architect intended to buy and renovate a large villa at the Baldeney Lake in Essen, Germany. Another time, a doctor recommended to the manager of a concert agency to have her home examined by me. She also looked into the geological maps and found the disturbance was mapped by the Krefeld agency. After these results, I bought several geological maps from North Rhine Westfalia, Germany, and checked ten plotted geological disturbances with my measuring devices. Hard X-rays can penetrate solid objects, and their largest use is to take images of the inside of objects in diagnostic radiography and crystallography. The roentgen (R) is an obsolete traditional unit of exposure, which represented the amount of radiation required to create one electrostatic unit of charge of each polarity in one cubic centimeter of dry air.
The rad is the (obsolete) corresponding traditional unit, equal to 10 millijoules of energy deposited per kilogram. The sievert (Sv) is the SI unit of equivalent dose, which for X-rays is numerically equal to the gray (Gy). X-rays are generated by an X-ray tube, a vacuum tube that uses a high voltage to accelerate the electrons released by a hot cathode to a high velocity.
In crystallography, a copper target is most common, with cobalt often being used when fluorescence from iron content in the sample might otherwise present a problem.
X-ray fluorescence: If the electron has enough energy it can knock an orbital electron out of the inner electron shell of a metal atom, and as a result electrons from higher energy levels then fill up the vacancy and X-ray photons are emitted. So the resulting output of a tube consists of a continuous bremsstrahlung spectrum falling off to zero at the tube voltage, plus several spikes at the characteristic lines.
In medical diagnostic applications, the low energy (soft) X-rays are unwanted, since they are totally absorbed by the body, increasing the dose. To generate an image of the cardiovascular system, including the arteries and veins (angiography) an initial image is taken of the anatomical region of interest. A specialized source of X-rays which is becoming widely used in research is synchrotron radiation, which is generated by particle accelerators.
The most commonly known methods are photographic plates, photographic film in cassettes, and rare earth screens. Before the advent of the digital computer and before invention of digital imaging, photographic plates were used to produce most radiographic images. Since photographic plates are sensitive to X-rays, they provide a means of recording the image, but they also required much X-ray exposure (to the patient), hence intensifying screens were devised. Areas where the X-rays strike darken when developed, causing bones to appear lighter than the surrounding soft tissue. Contrast compounds containing barium or iodine, which are radiopaque, can be ingested in the gastrointestinal tract (barium) or injected in the artery or veins to highlight these vessels. An increasingly common method is the use of photostimulated luminescence (PSL), pioneered by Fuji in the 1980s. The PSP plate can be reused, and existing X-ray equipment requires no modification to use them. For many applications, counters are not sealed but are constantly fed with purified gas, thus reducing problems of contamination or gas aging.
Some materials such as sodium iodide (NaI) can "convert" an X-ray photon to a visible photon; an electronic detector can be built by adding a photomultiplier. WARNING: Remember Folks, this information is for educational purpose only and should never be used to make a decision regarding proposed medical treatment intervention(s). This is the second study from a reputaible journal that I've seen that casts doubt on the notion that weak trunk muscle strength is related to lower back pain. CONCLUSIONS: Surgically treated patients with a herniated lumbar disc had more complete relief of leg pain and improved functionA  and satisfaction compared with nonsurgically treated patients over 10 years. Department of Orthopaedics, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, GA¶teborg University,GA¶teborg, Sweden. STUDY DESIGN: Assessment of activated T and B cells in a subcutaneous chamber filled with autologous nucleus pulposus using flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry.
RESULTS: As compared with the empty chambers, the proportion of activated T cells (CD4+ and CD8+) was significantly higher in the exudate of theA  nucleus pulposus filled chamber.
CONCLUSIONS: The present findings indicate that nucleus pulposus attracts activated T and B cells.
The researchers found that in patients with sciatica (radiculopathy) the epidural fat (the fat that surrounds the inflammed nerve roots) is soaked with the biochemical TNF-a, which was found in very high in concentration when compared to the epidural fat from patients with pure discogenic pain (back pain without sciatica). Provocative discography, although not without controversy, continues to be the proverbial gold standard when it comes to deciding which disc(s) needs to be fused. Symptomatic patients who had Magnetic Resonance Imaging findings of degenerative disc disease and who failed conservative treatment were identified.
08-10-07: Can a Leaking Annular Tear cause Radiculopathy (Sciatica) without physical compression of the root?
The theory of chemical radiculitis had been put forward about 30 years ago, but as yet it has not been proved by clinical studies. I've finally found a good research investigation to support my contention that until Percutaneous Discectomy Methods are proven via randomized controlled trials, they should be avoided.
Surgical management of cervical and lumbosacral radiculopathies: indications anda€?outcomes. Department of Neurological Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine,a€?725 North Wolfe Street, 817 Hunterian Boulevard, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. The most common indication for the surgical management of compressive cervicala€?and lumbar radiculopathies is a herniated disc in a patient who has not improveda€?with conservative management.
07-01-07: Chromosome 21 may carry a gene for predisposition of lumbar disc herniation and sciatica.
07-01-07: The Chinese have released the 5 year results of the first cervical human disc transplant pilot study. The co-inverntor of X-Stop has in the past published the results of his randomized controlled investigation into the efficacy of X-stop (Spine. 07-07-07: Degenerated Facet Joints--like IDD--may leak cytokines onto the posterior nerve roots and create radiculopathy.
06-18-07: Nucleoplasty Investigation Touts a 88% success rate for treatment of contained small to moderate sized disc herniations: Really? 06-18-07: Some new evidence for the theory that sciatica is related to an autoimmune attack. This Spine published investigation lends support to my personal favorite theory that autoimmune attack is the culpret in sciatica. 06-18-07: Surgery for disc herniation induced sciatica a quicker fix, but at one year, there's not much difference as if no surgery was performed. 12-30-06: New Investigation published in Spine that compares traditional endoscopic discectomy to endoscopic discectomy with add Chymopapain. Although I'm still not a big fan of endoscopic discectomy, and won't be until they compare it to traditional microscopic discectomy in a randomized double blind controlled trial (which they should have a long time ago, I like the idea of the added Chymopapain to the procedure; Chymopapain was probably this countries best non-invasive treatment for contained disc herniation until the lawyers attacked it a la silicon breast implant.
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective randomized study involving 280 consecutive cases of lumbar disc herniation managed either by an endoscopic discectomy alone or an endoscopic discectomy combined with an intradiscal injection of a low dose (1000 U) of chymopapain. STUDY DESIGN: An in vivo serial magnetic resonance imaging study of diffusion characteristics in human lumbar discs over 24 hours in healthy volunteers and patients with low back pain. 12-30-06: Fusion treatment demonstated as efficacious for chronic pain as the result of spondylolisthesis in a well done randomized controlled trial that compared fusion to exercise. BACKGROUND: Today there is some evidence-based medicine support for a positive short-term treatment effect of fusion in chronic low back pain in spondylolisthesis and in nonspecific degenerative lumbar spine disorders. Systematic literature review of spinal decompression via motorized traction fora€?chronic discogenic low back pain. Department of Anesthesia, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford,a€?California 94305-5640, USA. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to systematically review the literature to assess the efficacy of nonsurgical spinal decompression achieved with motorized traction for chronic discogenic lumbosacral back pain. A multicenter, prospective, randomized trial evaluating the X STOP interspinousa€?process decompression system for the treatment of neurogenic intermittenta€?claudication: two-year follow-up results. Zucherman JF, Hsu KY, Hartjen CA, Mehalic TF, Implicito DA, Martin MJ, Johnsona€?DR 2nd, Skidmore GA, Vessa PP, Dwyer JW, Puccio ST, Cauthen JC, Ozuna RM. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, controlled, prospective multicenter trial comparing the outcomes of neurogenic intermittent claudication (NIC) patients treated with the interspinous process decompression system (X STOP) with patients treated nonoperatively. Quality of life of lumbar stenosis-treated patients in whom the X STOPa€?interspinous device was implanted. Hsu KY, Zucherman JF, Hartjen CA, Mehalic TF, Implicito DA, Martin MJ, Johnsona€?DR 2nd, Skidmore GA, Vessa PP, Dwyer JW, Cauthen JC, Ozuna RM.
OBJECT: This study was conducted to compare the quality of life (QOL) in patients with neurogenic intermittent claudication (NIC) secondary to lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). Conclusion: The studies indicated that leakage of chemical mediators or inflammatory cytokines, which are produced in the painful disc, into epidural space through annular tear could lead to injury to adjacent nerve roots, and it might constitute the primary pathophysiologic mechanism of radiating leg pain in patients with discogenic low back pain but with no disc herniation. SUMMARY AND BACKGROUND DATA: According to the Sackett and Haynes criteria for establishing diagnostic test validity, no test without a gold standard external standard can be meaningfully applied.
METHODS: Over a 5-year period using a strict enrollment protocol, 32 patients with low back pain and a positive single-level low-pressure provocative discogram, underwent spinal fusion. RESULTS: In the control-spondylolisthesis group, 23 of 32 patients (72%) met the highly effective success criteria compared with 8 of 30 in the presumed discogenic pain cohort (27%). CONCLUSIONS: Positive discography was not highly predictive in identifying bona fide isolated intradiscal lesions primarily causing chronic serious LBP illness in this first study comparing discography results to a gold standard. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective data review of positive disc injections at low pressures among subjects without chronic low back pain (LBP) illness compared to patients with chronic LBP undergoing Discography. 11-24-06: Infliximab, as an off-lable (and very expensive) treatment for sciatica, does not bode well in this randomized controlled trial into its efficacy. Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland.
11-24-06: In a well done and rare randomized controlled trial, CHARITE (An artificial disc) demonstrates efficacy equal to anterior interbody fusion with a few perks. Rodriguez-Garcia J, Sanchez-Gastaldo A, Ibanez-Campos T, Vazquez-Sousa C, Cantador-Hornero M, Exposito-Tirado JA, Cayuela-Dominguez A, Echevarria-Ruiz de Vargas C. A descriptive transversal study of 117 patients operated for herniated lumbar disc during the first six months of the year 2003 is reported.
If you continue to stay in these areas especially during sleep, then in the long term the stresses on our bodies will emerge as more serious conditions such as, diseases of the central nervous system, Multiple Sclerosis (MS), Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS), miscarriages, and cancer. Not only are the public more generally aware, but their governments funds aid and continuing research in to the matter. Geopathic Stress is only one of them and it is becoming more difficult to gauge especially when the natural energy field is constantly changed and amplified by man-made electromagnetic fields. The phenomenon has been linked to insomnia, migraine, headaches, loss of balance, short -term memory loss, joint pain, cot death, infertility, miscarriages, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME) and cancer. It has been known for a long time that when there is flowing water under a dwelling the inhabitants always feel more tired, are prone to premature aging and have a loss of vitality than those who sleep above neutral ground. I have the original 134 page research document in German and a badly translated version in English.
These pathogenic locations defined in the report as, a€?earth radiation's evoked by a discontinuity of the normal physical parameters on the surface of the earth,a€™ and shortened to a€?Disturbed Zonesa€™ are the subject of the research. Such locations have been termed in China and many European countries as either a€?curseda€™ or a€?cancera€™ houses.
The functioning hypothesis of the research was that geophysical characteristics of the surface of the earth are not uniform and that location dependent influences exist that can have a detrimental effect on both human and plant biochemical systems.
They were enlisted to independently dowse eight different locations and submit reports and diagrams of the strongest a€?Disturbed Zonesa€™ found, together with a a€?Neutral Zonea€™ at the same location to enable them to carryout double blind experiments with volunteers at each selected location. Technology does not yet exist to do this the other way round; the dowser does not yet appear to be replaceable with scientific instrumentation. However because of the high standard of the research only significant results were accepted.
The stereotypical result on the a€?Disturbed Zonea€™ was deterioration of the electro-biological functioning in the sense of depression or blockage of bioelectric functions.
In the 15 minute time exposure on the a€?Disturbed Zonea€™ the results remained under the significance barrier.
An apparatus able to discriminate such low energy broadband EMFs from noise apparently is not yet available. Both, technical and biological systems can be influenced by EMFs, whereby numerous questions are still open, such as the concerning limits and the nature of physical interference fields (5). As an extremely dielectric medium, water favors the formation of potential vortices, which immediately after their formation contract swiftly. In nature, piezoelectrical dischargings can occur in some areas of geological a€?warpsa€? containing quartz sand particles, and may be another plausible cause of geopathic stress effects (14). When a crystal lattice cell is compressed by mechanical pressure, an imbalance is the result, manifesting itself in the development of a tiny electrical voltage (Fig. In spite of the fact that scalar waves in the field theory of Maxwell are usually neglected and set to zero, numerous experiments can lead to the conclusion that they do really exist and influence the human organism (5). The presence of pure physical interactions and in addition also of a€?physiologic sensorsa€? located inside the body can be assumed.
Physical resonance is defined as a synchronization of two sources which vibrate with the same pulse frequency but with contrary polarity. Internal protein dynamics can potentially affect protein function through a variety of mechanisms, some of which are tautological or obvious in nature while others are subtle and remain to be fully explored and appreciated (18). Black dots on magnetic resonance imaging pictures (MRI) of human brain tissue led researches to the idea that these could be magnetic particles.
Evidence that these microscopically small magnetite particles would function for some kind of sensory perception in humans could not yet been confirmed. Previously described effects and descriptions of the pioneers (1, 3 and others) in this area unfortunately arena€™t available in the standardized, scientifically acceptable nor reproducible format required for peer-reviewed medical journals, but rather as monographs.
Because of the lack of a€?directa€? physical measurement techniques for the doubtlessly existing a€zenergy fieldsa€? at least partly originating in the ground, we decided to use the human body as an indicator.
Being fascinated by its highly sensitive ability to detect stress effects, and also by the fact that this method is being used world-widely for manifold applications combining a€?pure physicsa€? with complimentary evaluation of apparently high accuracy, we could reproducibly show using this method that different zones above ground do exhibit different effects on the human organism.
In addition to the promising data presented in numerous publications before, including our own, we are presently in the middle of an evaluation targeting a validation of GDV mean area-of-glow as a reliable measure of certain aspects of stress. All test persons had been informed about the GDV system and related safety issues, and about the fact that they may feel a slight a€?crawlinga€? in their finger tips. In practice, to capture one a€?static GDV imagea€?, a very stable high voltage (10 kV, 1.024 Hz, square pulses) is pulsed on and off every 10 ms for a duration of 0,5 s. For each test person and test phase, 50 single static measurements were performed (each finger tip was measured 5 times for 0,5 s). Before use, the GDV camera (kept inside the laboratory at constant room temperature) was switched on at least 30 minutes prior to measurement, and careful calibrations were performed. In addition to the calculation of descriptive data (mean, median, standard deviation etc.), we carried out Gaussian normality tests and subsequently used the paired two-sample t-test for dependent variables to determine whether there are significant differences between the 4 experimental sub-period results.
The two measurement areas in the laboratory used for the experiments turned out to be indistinguishable from the aspect of technical fields and acoustic background noise, and the field strength and loudness levels present were far below existing (safety) guidelines. Statistical significance again was enormously high (p < 0,0001) when compared to the results on those zones without the a€?Wavea€? device (24). In later stages, it my not be impossible though that chronic stress caused by geopathic locations may finally even forward the development of malignant disease.
However, according to the Munich barn-experiments (66-68) and other independent investigations, only a low percentage of the people claiming to be successful dowsers are actually capable of making reproducible and reliable conclusions.
This includes methods of stress-management and relaxation techniques, such as meditation, tai chi, guided imaginative journeying, and also certain hypnotherapeutic approaches (69-73). Para-scientific reports about sleeplessness or higher rates of occurrence of different diseases have been with us for many years. In hospitals, observant physicians and nurses sometimes know from experience that there appear to be locations of sickbeds where, remarkably, many patients have a delayed recovery, or in especially blatant cases they may not recover at all.
Wellness enhancing methods and applications aim to increase physical, psychological and spiritual well-being. Individual performance on a€?interference reduceda€? zones increases, and all sides - superintendents, managers and employees - would possibly benefit. This can produce enormous costs for our social and health systems, and the hidden costs we can only suspect today.
As preliminarily presented in this book, we have already obtained data underlining the validity of GSV as a reliable instrument for measuring stress, provided that all pre-cautions are taken into account and that well-trained and experienced persons use it.
Adolf WIEBECKE (Oberalm bei Salzburg), whom we want to congratulate for his most promising invention of the a€?Wavea€? device, for the possibility of doing experimental research using his device. Seidel P, Schmidl F, Becker C, Springborn U, Biering S, Grosse V, FA¶rster T, Lorenz P, Bechstein R: Planar high-temperature superconducting dc-SQUID gradiometers for different applications. Hong R, Zhang Y, Liu Y, Weng EQ: Effects of extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields on DNA of testicular cells and sperm chromatin structure in mice.
Chen P, Yang YQ, Tao HH, Yang HC: Effects of electromagnetic fields of different frequencies on proliferation and DNA damage of gallbladder cancer cells. Nylund R, Leszczynski D: Mobile phone radiation causes changes in gene and protein expression in human endothelial cell lines and the response seems to be genome- and proteome-dependent.
Grassi C, Da€™Ascenzo M, Torsello A, Martinotti G, Wolf F, Cittadini A, Azzena GB: Effects of 50 Hz electromagnetic fields on voltage-gated Ca2+ channels and their role in modulation of neuroendocrine cell proliferation and death. Hecker R: Emission elektrischer und magnetischer Signale von Gestein infolge A¤uAYerer mechanischer Belastungen.
Baureus Koch CL, Sommarin M, Persson BR, Salford LG, Eberhardt JL: Interaction between weak low frequency magnetic fields and cell membranes. Mathie A, Kennard LE, Veale EL: Neuronal ion channels and their sensitivity to extremely low frequency weak electric field effects. Dobson P, Oa€™Keefe E: Investigations into stress and its management using the gas discharge visualization technique. Russo M, Choudhri AF, Whitworth G, Weinberg AD, Bickel W, Oz MC: Quantitative analysis of reproducible changes in high-voltage electrophotography.
Bascom R, Buyantseva L, Zhegmin Q, Dolina M, Korotkov K: Gas discharge visualization (GDV)- bioelectrography. Korotkov KG, Popechitelev EP: Method for gas discharge visualization and automation of the system of realizing it in clinical practice.


Treugut H, Gorner C, Ludtke R, Schmid P, Fuss R: Reliabilitat der Energetischen Terminalpunktdiagnose (ETD) nach Mandel bei Kranken. Medvedev SN, Mala€™tseva AS, Popkova AM, Serov VV, Igonina NP, Tkacheva OI, Kozin AN: Possibilities of the use of Korean acupuncture Su Jok in the clinical practice. Kato M, Honma K, Shigemitsu T, Shiga Y: Circularly polarized 50-Hz magnetic field exposure reduces pineal gland and blood melatonin concentrations of Long-Evans rats.
Burch JB, Reif JS, Yost MG: Geomagnetic disturbances are associated with reduced nocturnal excretion of a melatonin metabolite in humans.
Jajte J, Zmyslony M: The role of melatonin in the molecular mechanism of weak, static and extremely low frequency (50 Hz) magnetic fields (ELF). Torpy DJ, Chrousos GP: The three-way interactions between the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal and gonadal axes and the immune system. This often results in the purchase of expensive screening and de-jamming devices, for which only the unreliable producer and distributor gets any profit.
We all know that the earth a€“ in fact, all of life a€“ a€?radiatesa€? as a natural process.a€?There exists a strong terrestrial magnetic field, which guarantees that the top of a compass is always drawn to the north, no matter where you are in the world. It has been known for a long time that underground watercourses and geological dislocation produce spectacular radiation intensities.
Sensitive magnetometers can, however, easily make these distortions visible and can be defined as biologically effective by experts.
This method is only justified when you know that artificial fields, from say a€“ magnetic steel, are not in the area. That is hardly possible because the magnetic field of some spring mattresses equals more than a hundred water veins. The importance of these findings to the area above the disturbance is very much in dispute.
The results of these unqualified statements are that credulous laymen go over their bedrooms with a 30 dollar portable radio and assume there are water veins (and other phenomena of terrestrial radiation) whenever NBC or ABC gets bad reception, or a song by Elvis is jammed by noise. The much more exact electro- geobioscopy measures the skin resistance between one hand and acupuncture points on the other hand. You should consider however, that every response of a human being to the stimuli of his environment is a specific one, ita€™s individual, and cannot be easily transferred to others.
This radioactive electromagnetic radiation is considered the most penetrating, strongest and biologically most hazardous kind of all of the known radioactive rays. But no onea€?can deny that an avoidable risk exists undera€?long-term influence, such as sleeping every nighta€?for eight hours in the same physical position, and doing that for many years. Regardless of the kind of radiation, no sensible scientist dares to contradict this opinion. For measuring construction material, I use proportional and Geiger-Muller-counter tubes, and xenon-large-area detectors.
The rays are converted into light flashes, boosted as electrical impulses via a photo-multiplier and then calculated and displayed by sophisticated electronics. Wust had already reported about measurements of gamma rays at a€?geopathic zones.a€? The scientists, physicists and doctors Williams, Weber, Cody, Lorenz and Bickel (the last one from California) had made similar successful experiments.
He, more than anybody else, has shown that there is a relationship between subterraneous water sources and ionizing radioactive radiation. All bells rang when the drilling machine cut the granite crack 500 yards below a€“ out of which the curative water came. There turns out to be significant relationships between these zones and cancer patients of the town, as they were sleeping exactly above these zones. My measurement of the radioactivity, with the scintillation counter, showed a 12-yard wide disturbance that could be detected in the whole house, outside the building, and in the nearby yard. He found there was indeed a water-bearing dislocation, which was officially plotted on two geological maps made in 1911 and in 1980. In all cases, my scintillation counter showed, for hundreds of yards, values that were well above average.
This process produces an emission spectrum of X-ray frequencies, sometimes referred to as the spectral lines. The intensity of the X-rays increases linearly with decreasing frequency, from zero at the energy of the incident electrons, the voltage on the X-ray tube. A second image is then taken of the same region after iodinated contrast material has been injected into the blood vessels within this area. The contrast compounds have high atomic numbered elements in them that (like bone) essentially block the X-rays and hence the once hollow organ or vessel can be more readily seen. In modern hospitals a photostimulable phosphor plate (PSP plate) is used in place of the photographic plate.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationships between low back pain (LBP), maximal isometric trunk muscle strength, and body sway among young adults.
OBJECTIVE: To assess 10-year outcomes of patients with sciatica resulting from a lumbar disc herniation treated surgically or nonsurgically.
Patients undergoing surgery had worse baseline symptoms and functional status than those initially treated nonsurgically. Nevertheless, improvement in the patient's predominant symptom and work and disability outcomes were similar regardless of treatment received. OBJECTIVES: To examine if subcutaneously placed autologous a€?nucleus pulposus may attract activated T and B cells in an animal model. The proportion of activated B cells expressing immunoglobulin kappa (Igkappa) was also significantly elevated in the exudate ofA  the nucleus pulposus chambers. However, since the cell population in the nucleus pulposus of young pigs may differ from that of adult humans, the obtained data may not be directly transferred to the human situation of a disc herniation. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether inflammatory cytokines [tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6 and IL-8] are elevated in tissues intimately surrounding involved nerve roots of patients suffering from radiculopathy form herniated disc (HD).
2007 Jun 19; [Epub ahead of print] Discography: can pain in a morphologically normal disc be due to an adjacent abnormal disc? The aim of the current studies was to determine whether the annular tear of a painful disc proved by discography is the cause of radiating leg pain (radiculopathy) in patients with discogenic low back pain.
Even though a herniated disk is a common condition,a€?it is paramount that the examining physician considers an extensive differentiala€?diagnosis when evaluating radiculopathies, especially in patients with a historya€?of cancer, multiple medical illnesses, secondary gain, or advanced age.
The evidence for other minimally invasive techniques remains unclear except for chemonucleolysis using chymopapain, which is no longer widely available.[Spine.
Their government truly seems to understand the importance of science and does not hamstring their researchers as the good old USA does--to our future detriment--secondary to politics.
In 2007, John Hopkins School of Medicine's SP Cohen, et al published the results of their investigation into the off-lable use of Etanercept for the treatment of sciatica. When examination of the lumbar spine reveals only common degenerative changes, the relationship of these findings to a patient's back pain is unclear. In this study, nucleus pulposus was extrated from live pigs and then inplanted in the pigs own subcutaneous tissue in special chambers (there was a control chamber without nucleus pulposus).
OBJECTIVES: To document the temporal pattern of diffusion in normal human lumbar discs and to study the influence of the vascularity of bone and the status of endplate on diffusion in the normal and degenerate discs.
DESIGN: Computer-aided systematic literature search of MEDLINE and the Cochranea€?collaboration for prospective clinical trials on adults with low back pain in the English literature from 1975 to October 2005.
Using the 36-Item Short Form (SF-36) questionnaire, the authors compared the results obtained in patients treated with the X STOPa€?Interspinous Process Decompression (IPD) System with those obtained in patients who underwent nonoperative therapies. For what it's worth, there are old investigations that have demonstrated annular tears are NOT always on the side of the radiculopathy. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that false-positive injections during Discography can effectively be eliminated by defining the positive injection criteria to include only those discs in which pain is produced with low injection pressure injections. The surgery for herniated disc is the most common operation at the level of the lumbar spine. In order to evaluate the incidence of failed surgery and the related factors, the clinical records were retrospectively analyzed. While we are asleep our body should be resting so it can repair body cells, fight infections and absorb nutrients from food.
In some schools children are moved at frequent intervals to avoid possible harmful effects. If geopathic stress is suspected, it makes sense to move away from the source or to think about dealing with the threat.
Women are more likely to be at risk from geopathic stress because their hormonal systems are more susceptible. While water running beneath a domestic dwelling should be avoided, a stream situated nearby and open to the sky will favourably discharge its negative energies harmlessly into the atmosphere. The aim of the report is to establish whether these a€?Disturbed Sitesa€™ can produce statistically significant results to support the high degree of topicality the phenomenon is having in both main stream and alternative medical practices. A number of these were rejected when illnesses (circulation interference and infections) were discovered. Three silver electrodes were used placed on the forehead, palms and soles; a microprocessor based unit automatically produced the results.
All measured parameters gave reference to location dependence with the integral rake size for Systolic ventricle work showing significantly different behaviour.
It was thought however, that if the experiment allowed further time exposure the investigation may have achieved a significant result. The Biometric analysis showed that on the a€?Indifferent Zonea€™ the pulse-breath quotient remained in balance but was significantly affected on the a€?Disturbed Zonea€™. One of the main functions of Serotonin is to act as a neurotransmitter in the parasympathetic system which controls energy provision.
Gernot PAUSER: University Clinic for Anesthesiology, Perioperative Medicine and General Intensive Care, Landeskrankenhaus Salzburg, University Clinics of the Paracelsus Private Medical University, Salzburg Federal Clinics (SALK), Salzburg, Austria.
A recent technological innovation can now aid us in this quest, allowing a sophisticated physical measurability of deviations of the earth's magnetic field: the SQUIDa€“technology. In addition to the discussed weak, broadband transversal electromagnetic and magnetic fields assumed to be originated in the ground, other forms of a€?energiesa€? might exist, such as the often controversially discussed longitudinal scalar waves (5). There is growing experimental evidence that EMFs - at least those of technical origin a€“ can have significant effects on cells and the entire organism. If you turn a water molecule with its electric charge distribution, then from the moving charge a magnetic field results.
The effect was already discovered in 1824 by David Brewster and then experimentally elaborated by Pierre and Jacques Curie in 1880. According to Professor Konstantin Meyl (Furtwangen University, Germany), to a measurement technician scalar waves experimentally manifest as (antenna-)noise, a mixture of frequencies and wavelengths. However, an extensive discussion of the origin and effects of radioactivity from the ground would go far beyond the scope of this manuscript. In the case of resonance, information is being exchanged, energies are transmitted and, in fact, a component of balance between the sources is being formed (from personal communication, A. Certain processes of proteins as parts of their 3-D conformation have the ability to oscillate or rotate. From post mortem brains, magnetite crystals of a size of 50 nm could be isolated, and their magnetic field could be measured. However, speculations are that the presence of magnetite crystals in brain might be understood as proof of a a€?submerged magnetic sensora€?, similar to that of carrier pigeons or whales, theoretically easing human orientation and direction a€“ thus a kind of a€?relict of evolutiona€?. Nevertheless, this doesna€™t lower their importance and relevance: Those pioneers in research on the geopathy phenomenon neither had the scientific-medical verifiability methods that are available today, nor was the time mature for such publications in the kind of medical journals we know today. In our first approaches, we utilized methods from complementary medicine (bio-resonance, kinesiology, heart-rate variability, etc.).
Petersburg, Russia), as used in that work, delivers a number of sensitive and reproducible parameters (25-46).
Although not yet completed, our tests appear to show that this is indeed the case: Parallel measurements of the diurnal time courses of GDV mean area of glow and of biochemical parameters collected from saliva (50-53) indicate that the diurnal curve progressions of GDV image areas and the levels of immunoglobulin A (IgA) go parallel, whilst another accepted parameter of stress, saliva alpha-amylase, progresses just the opposite to IgA and GDV. Fifty-two voluntary test persons were measured at two locations, one of which has been identified by a group of six distinguished dowsers as being a a€?geopathic zonea€? and the other a a€?neutral zonea€?. The electric field produces a visible gas discharge glow around the fingertip (Kirlian image), and such corona discharges have been recorded from each of the 10 fingertips of the test person repeatedly. In addition, we have recorded dynamic GDV images from both ring fingers, repeated 3 times during each test period. Each test person was asked to thoroughly wash their hands using a pH neutral laboratory soap (without re-fattening properties), followed by wiping the fingertips with alcohol.
From the results of our studies it can be concluded that geopathic zones do cause stress in nearly all of the persons tested. Such zones might cause distress (a€?malignant stressa€?) even when present for a short time, but there are also reports that (not scientifically proven) energetically stimulating zones (a€?positive energy zonesa€?) might exist, often also referred to as a€?power placesa€?. During the planning stage in construction of new buildings, the geopathy phenomenon should be taken into account, so as to consciously design and construct buildings and rooms in a manner that, in areas where people will stay for longer periods of time, geopathic exposure should be as low as possible.
Therefore it makes sense to consult with a competent building environment engineer who has experience, skill and expertise in these matters. Interestingly, these positive lifestyle choices may also show up indirectly and in the subconscious: even technically derived EMFs seem to have much less of a negative effect with people who prefer such an a€?awarea€? way of life. It is clear that the accumulation of different factors stress can have strong effects on humans, animals and even plants. One of the tests, taken in a care center for children displaying behavioral problems, additionally showed, among other changes, that the incidence of bedwetting [nocturnal enuresis] definitely decreased when the a€?Wavea€? was present, and that the learning ability and the quality of sleep changed for the better (unpublished findings). A serious athlete who doesna€™t sleep well before a competition is far from being as able-bodied as someone who has had a€?a good night's resta€?. When individuals feel better, they will perform better, and be healthier and happier at work too a€“ facts that would also have economic consequences. Parameters measured in saliva in parallel to GDV, such as IgA, alpha-amylase and cortisol, appear to change in level in direct relationship to the GDV mean area of glow. From an extended vortex and field theory to a technical, biological and historical use of longitudinal waves.
Their findings usually provide shockingly different interpretations of the biological effects of natural conditions. Once I move past this zone, the striking radiation intensity can decrease, giving me a a€?normala€™ value again. In all three cases, the radioactivity coming from these items were several times higher than the law allows for workers in nuclear power plants a€“ and for a short period of time only. Some of the well- known mineral waters exist only because he found their origin deep in the earth.
They found water, which had the prophesied 17 degree hardness, and which flowed abundantly. The spectral lines generated depend on the target (anode) element used and thus are called characteristic lines. These two images are then digitally subtracted, leaving an image of only the iodinated contrast outlining the blood vessels. Photographic film largely replaced these plates, and it was used in X-ray laboratories to produce medical images. In the pursuit of a non-toxic contrast material, many types of high atomic number elements were evaluated. After the plate is X-rayed, excited electrons in the phosphor material remain "trapped" in "colour centres" in the crystal lattice until stimulated by a laser beam passed over the plate surface. Electrons accelerate toward the anode, in the process causing further ionization along their trajectory.
SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Thea€?results of previous studies evaluating the association between trunk muscle strength and LBP are conflicting and heterogeneous. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There is littlea€?information comparing long-term outcomes of surgical and conservative therapy of lumbar disc herniation in contemporary clinical practice. By 10 years, 25% ofa€?surgical patients had undergone at least one additional lumbar spine operation, and 25% of nonsurgical patients had at least one lumbar spine operation.
For patientsa€?in whom elective discectomy is a treatment option, an individualized treatment plan requires patients and their physicians to integrate clinical findings with patient preferences based on their symptoms and goals.
SUMMARYA  OF BACKGROUND DATA: Nucleus pulposus has been suggested to trigger an autoimmuneA  response if exposed to the immune system, for example, in association with disca€?herniation.
The analysis of the remaining chamber tissue revealed a significantly higher amount of T cells (CD45RC) in the nucleus pulposus chambers than in the empty chambers. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Proinflammatory cytokines are postulated to play an important role in radiculopathy from HD. The patients, who experienced pain with injection into a morphologically normal disc adjacent to a morphologically abnormal disc, were included in the study. Forty-two patients with discogenic low back pain at single disc level with concomitant radiating leg pain were studied in order to analyse the relationship between site of annular tear and side of radiating leg pain.
Discectomy versus discectomy with fusion versus discectomy with fusion and instrumentation: a prospective randomized study. Thisa€?consideration has become even more important as imaging studies have improved,a€?because previously undetected degenerative changes are now clearly visualized ona€?MRI and CT scans. Five years ago, they implanted flash-frozen cervical intervertebral discs into five patients and report on the outcomes, which are reported as favorable. One-year results of X Stop interspinous implant for the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis. Unfortunately, they discovered that this very expensive treatment is no better than that of a placebo (suger pill). A Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Dose-Response Pilot Study Evaluating Intradiscal Etanercept in Patients with Chronic Discogenic Low Back Pain or Lumbosacral Radiculopathy. A prospective controlled study of limited versus subtotal posterior discectomy: short-term outcomes in patients with herniated lumbar intervertebral discs and large posterior anular defect. Disk degeneration, anular fissures, small protrusions, and facet arthritis are commonly found in individuals with little or no back pain. Although I haven't got the entire article as of yet, I took issue with the claim that nucleoplasty treatment resulted in a 88% success rate at one year. After killing the pigs, the chambers with nucleus pulposus were attached by the immune system and the emply chambers were not. Transforaminal posterolateral endoscopic discectomy with or without the combination of a low-dose chymopapain: a prospective randomized study in 280 consecutive cases. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Despite a low complication rate, posterolateral endoscopic nucleotomy has made a lengthy evolution because of an assumed limited indication. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Diffusion is the only source of nutrition to the discs, but no firm data are available on pattern of diffusion in humans.
The long-term effect of posterolateral fusion in adult isthmic spondylolisthesis: a randomized controlled study.
PURPOSE: To determine the long-term outcome of lumbar fusion in adult isthmic spondylolisthesis.
I've yet to find a negative investigation into X-Stop's efficacy as a treatment intervention for stenosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Patients suffering from NICa€?secondary to lumbar spinal stenosis have been limited to a choice between nonoperative therapies and decompressive surgical procedures, with or without fusion. METHODS: Patients with LSS were enrolled in a prospective 2-year multicenter study and randomized either to the X STOP or nonoperative group. However, only one randomized trial has directly compared discectomy with conservative treatment.
Absent a gold standard reference, there can be no validity assessment or systematic improvement of test accuracy. Adjusting for surgical morbidity and dropout failure, by either criteria of success, the best-case positive predictive value of discography was calculated to be 50% to 60%.
SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The use of lumbar Discography as a diagnostic tool remains controversial.
The failed surgery rates range between 10% and 40%, conforming what is known as Failed Back Surgery Syndrome (FBSS).
Ninety one patients were interviewed by phone using the Health Questionnaire SF-36, in order to analyze the non clinical factors related to FBSS, such as labour reincorporation, satisfaction with surgery, realization of rehabilitation treatment and quality of life after surgery. However, if we sleep in an area affected by geopathic stress, our body has to use all its energy just to keep its vital organs going. Reports from other countries such as Switzerland, France, the Netherlands, Belgium and Scandinavia indicate that they too have been taking notice.
Geopathic stress - or harmful earth rays - is natural radiation that rises up through the earth and is distorted by weak electromagnetic fields created by underground streams, certain mineral concentrations and fault lines. Foresight, the pre-conception care organisation, even suggests that couples trying for a baby should get their homes checked for geopathic stress and ensure that electrical equipment is not located under their beds as this can cause electromagnetic stress and deplete the immune system.a€?For many of us who fall sick and seek the help of a doctor a few minutes is spent discussing symptoms and lifestyle quickly followed by the doctor scribbling on a proscription pad.
In order to rule out possible influences of man made electromagnetic or microwave disturbances at each location an independent report from an electromechanical engineer was requested for each chosen site. Other participants were also used from the Outpatients Department for Physical Therapy in the Rehabilitation Centre, Grobming and from the Surgery of Dr.
This deterioration of the HFR was thought to be due to a€?Location loada€™ from the a€?Disturbed Zonea€™. Hacker: Head, IGGMB - Research Institute for Frontier Questions of Medicine and Biotechnology, Landeskrankenhaus Salzburg, University Clinics of the Paracelsus Private Medical University, Salzburg Federal Clinics (SALK), Salzburg, Austria.
In recent years, the expressions a€?geopathic stressa€? and a€?geopathic interference zonesa€? have been accepted internationally to describe the phenomenon.
At present, for most aspects contained herein, only hypotheses can be formed - and there are many of them. With Super-Conducting Quantum Interference Devices (SQUID), it is possible to quantify variations of one ten billionth [American English] of the earth's magnetic field. Certain ions and metals moved by water can a€“ depending on concentration, composition and flow rate a€“ can indeed lead to geoelectricity. If thus in a pipe a hydrodynamic flow vortex is produced, an electric and a magnetic vortex, the potential vortex and the eddy current, are the result (5).
Although also present in tourmaline, topaz, cane sugar and Rochelle salt (sodium potassium tartrate tetrahydrate), the effect became particularly known for quartz. Vice versa, quartz can be triggered to oscillate by applying a voltage to it (a€?quartz oscillator crystala€?; in use for example in crystal controlled clocks). In the case of plasma waves, they are charged particles, and in the case of sound waves, they are air particles. Inside our body, there are the a€?intrinsica€? (internal) structures and molecules of the organism, which are either a€?resonatinga€? because of their physical nature (as with stringed instruments: compare the vibration of the string alone versus string with resonator sound box), or create a certain frequency themselves. Such only a few nanometers sized processes have been discussed as possible sites of resonance induced by external EMFs, acting as a€?protein-antennasa€? (19). The research was done in a special laboratory room that was completely shielded from the natural magnetic field of the earth by tons of steel.
But, if it would really be a relict, those particles would not exist in such a high quantity anymore.
Nonetheless, what these people achieved, and their courage, as well as of the publishers who rightly published their works, deserve high credits. Although successful in some areas addressed, the effects found had not the high statistical significance required, and the methodology used was not a generally accepted one, guaranteeing medical relevance and reproducibility. For us, the mean a€?area-of-glowa€? was the best possible means for sensitively indicate stress.
In other words, a higher GDV mean area of glow value corresponds to a higher IgA level (to be understood as an sign for lower stress or relaxation), and a lower GDV mean area of glow value can be understood as an indication for higher levels of alpha-amylase, i.e.
In the specific setup for the static GDV images used in our study, the overall GDV image area values calculated are to be understood as mean values of 50 single finger GDV images in total, per test period. A number of further statistical analyses were performed, also including distribution-independent tests.
Such areas have been dowsed within some churches and other buildings constructed centuries or often thousands of years ago. Mental components are just as important: the more someone lives consciously, and even optimistically, in a state of positive thought, the less external stress factors can influence the person somatically. Possibilities to minimize the effects of geopathy on our organism in general have already been discussed above. Thus, for this practical reason it may be worth considering installing a device that has a balancing effect here. The results of our research are of great relevance for a€?wellness-centersa€? too: sustainable success in relaxation and stress management methods is essentially dependent upon the particular location of sleeping and of therapy beds. The number of staff on sick leave will probably decrease in the long run, when all employees work at geopathically (and otherwise also) more balanced work places. Soon, we shall have completed those experiments testing a number of test persons sufficiently high for good-practice statistical examination.
Petersburg Division of the Russian Ministry of Culture, State Editing and Publishing Unit a€?Kulturaa€™, Petersburg, pp 58a€“83 (1999). After hundreds of tests, I can say: With special ion meters (electronic instruments that measure the number of small ions in the air) you can detect increased measurement values above the area of a disturbance a€“ particularly in the range of positive air ions. My electro-geobioscopic measurements use test devices that are well tested in medicine: Aschoff, MORA, and Vega. The radiologist or surgeon then compares the image obtained to normal anatomical images to determine if there is any damage or blockage of the vessel. In more recent years, computerized and digital radiography has been replacing photographic film in medical and dental applications, though film technology remains in widespread use in industrial radiography processes (e.g.
For example, the first time the forefathers used contrast it was chalk, and was used on a cadaver's vessels.
This process, known as a Townsend avalanche, is detected as a sudden current, called a "count" or "event". At 10-year follow-up, 69% of patients initially treated surgically reporteda€?improvement in their predominant symptom (back or leg pain) versus 61% of those initially treated nonsurgically (P = 0.2). T-cell activation represents a hallmark in the generation of an autoimmune response, subsequently leading to the differentiation of B cells, butA  a causal association between the exposure of nucleus pulposus to the systemic circulation and T and B cell activation is still lacking. Although TNF-alpha has been found in human HD, it is not known whether TNF-alpha concentrations are increased in symptomatic patients. In laymana€™s terms, the surgeons operated on a disc that he though was bad when in fact was was good.a€?a€?Obviously, we need a bigger study, but this sure was interesting.
These patients subsequently had repeat discograms, during which the adjacent abnormal disc was first anesthetized with 2% lidocaine and the discogram was repeated at the adjacent normal level.
Electromyogram and motor nerve conduction velocity were monitored to examine nerve root injury. These improved studies, however, do not replace a thorougha€?history and physical examination, because a patient's signs and symptoms may nota€?correlate with the radiographic findings.
It would seem, however, that these new discs will eventually meet the same fate as the originals, since DDD is secondary to diminished blood flow through the endplates, which is something can not be repaired.
Still, when compared to the alternative--fusion--it's probably worth a try if you suffer from stenosis related claudication.
Correlation between inflammatory cytokines released from the lumbar facet joint tissue and symptoms in degenerative lumbar spinal disorders. Evaluation of intervertebral disc herniation and hypermobile intersegmental instability in symptomatic adult patients undergoing recumbent and upright MRI of the cervical or lumbosacral spines.
Cohen SP, Wenzell D, Hurley RW, Kurihara C, Buckenmaier CC, Griffith S, Larkin TM, Dahl E, Morlando BJ.
Furthermore, many studies have shown that serious disability in this group is associated with abnormal psychological profiles, multiple chronic pain processes, and compensation issues. Contradictingly, in the abstract (see below) the average Oswestry score at one year post-nucleoplasty was 20! The results of nucleoplasty in patients with lumbar herniated disc: a prospective clinical study of 52 consecutive patients.
This indicates that the immune system--at least in pigs, which have a similar disc to ours--does attached nucleus pulposus. Chemonucleolysis, however, proven to be safe and effective, has not continued to be accepted by the majority in the spinal community as microdiscectomy is considered to be more reliable. More data on this important subject are required to improve our understanding of disc degeneration and to probe research possibilities for preventing the same. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized controlled study comparing a 1-year exercise program with instrumented and non-instrumented posterolateral fusion with average long-term follow-up of 9 years (range, 5-13).
Studies were included if the intervention group received motorized spinal decompression and the comparison group received sham or anothera€?type of nonsurgical treatment.
The SF-36 survey was used to assess the QOL before treatment and at 6 weeks, 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years posttreatment.
This is the first study to apply an external gold standard evaluation of the diagnostic validity of discography in any manner. Studies have shown that disc injections among subjects asymptomatic of clinical LBP will produce painful injections in a significant proportion of subjects, rendering the interpretation of positive diskograms in clinical practice problematic.
Here we report the 1-year results of a randomized controlled trial (FIRST II, Finnish Infliximab Related STudy) evaluating the efficacy and safety of a single infusion of infliximab for sciatic pain. Data were collected pre- and perioperatively at 6 weeks and at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months following surgery.
As a result our immune system becomes weakened, which means it has difficulty in absorbing nutrients or fighting off infections as efficiently as it should. Claims and counter claims abound regarding devises to achieve this, leaving the public in total confusion. The wave lengths of the disturbed natural radiation can seriously affect our health, causing cancer, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME) infertility and miscarriage. It may surprise you therefore, that in many European countries, Germany and Austria in particular, one ofA  the first questions the doctor may ask is about theA  location of your bed and how long have you been sleeping there. Most explanations tried concentrate on the existence of natural electromagnetic fields (EMFs) present at particular locations, a€?interferinga€? with the organisms.
Overlapping, or a a€?build upa€? of resonance effects are also part of the geopathic phenomenon. With a proportion of 12 % of the upper eartha€™s crust, quartz is the most frequent mineral after feldspar. In the case of resonance, both sources attract each other, which can be explained and calculated by the occurrence of field changes during that process (5). When experimentally irradiated by EMFs of frequencies in between about 1-2 GHz, they displayed a changing of conformation, respectively changing in their manner of oscillation, even when only very low field strengths had been applied (19). Magnetic particles in the brain could turn out to be one of the reasons why dowsing can work.
Furthermore, one can acquire a€?corona diagramsa€? in the manner of complementary medicine from the individual allocation of the a€?coronaa€? gas discharge from the different fingertips, following the principles of the energya€“meridian theory and of acupuncture. The exact test design, as well as the way how dowsers independently labeled the different zones in the laboratory test room, have been described in detail (24).
The glass plate surface of the GDV camera was cleaned using alcohol frequently, and it was taken care that none of the test persons had wet hands. The corona diagrams directed into a weakening of the energies of the immune system and the pineal organ (which might be understood as an indication of possible changes of the melatonin production) (compare to: 57-60), the cardiovascular and the urinary system in many of the test persons. The a€?Wavea€? device investigated in our study could therefore, by its balancing effect, not only aid in lowering of stress, but also be understood as a tool for disease prevention. Concerning the a€?Wavea€? device especially interesting is the fact, that it substantially reduces stress in people on a€?neutral zonesa€? too, a finding which indicates that there is no real a€?neutral zonea€? existing. In the following, we will briefly show what addressing geopathy do affect health care facilities, public places, and economy.
By inference, if these results are applied to public facilities in general, the a€?Wavea€? could probably have a number of desirable effects in schools, offices, banks, supermarkets, etc. Contrarily, at a€?highly burdeneda€? workplaces, performance will decrease, discontentment grows, and the vulnerability to diseases and the resulting rise of employees' illnesses will be greater. Ursula DEMARMELS-HACKER, for her love and support, and for abandoning many evenings and weekends of togetherness to find time for investigation and creation of this manuscript.
When the film is developed, the parts of the image corresponding to higher X-ray exposure are dark, leaving a white shadow of bones on the film. METHODS: The subjectsa€?(n = 874) belonged to a subcohort of the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986 (mean age 19 years). METHODS: Patients recruited from the practicesa€?of orthopedic surgeons, neurosurgeons, and occupational medicine physicians throughout Maine had baseline interviews with follow-up questionnaires mailed atA  regular intervals over 10 years. A larger proportion of surgical patients reported that their low back and leg pain were much better or completely gone (56% vs.
METHODS: Autologous nucleus pulposus was harvested from the intervertebral disc of 9 pigs and placedA  subcutaneously in perforated titanium chambers.
The current studies found that there was a significant positive correlation between the site of annular tear and the side of radiation pain.
University of Calgary Spine Program, Foothills Hospital and Medical Centre, Calgary, Canada. Putative susceptibility locus on chromosome 21q for lumbar disc disease (LDD) in the Finnish population. Nevertheless, this is a great effort and may, someday, be yet another treatment option for DDD. Intervertebral disc transplantation in the treatment of degenerative spine disease: a preliminary study.
Department of Preventive Medicine, Medical School, SA?A?o Paulo University, SA?A?o Paulo, SP, Brazil. Conversely, longitudinal studies have found that the severity of chronic pain illness in this group appears to correlate much less well with presence or extent of degenerative findings than with these psychosocial or generalized neurophysiological comorbid conditions. Department of Orthopaedics, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, GA?A¶teborg University, GA?A¶teborg, Sweden. METHOD: A total of 280 consecutive patients with a primary herniated, including sequestrated, lumbar disc with predominant leg pain, was randomized.
METHODS: The diffusion pattern over 24 hours following gadodiamide injection was studied in 150 discs (96 normal and 54 degenerate).
Stockholm Soder Hospital, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Stockholm Soder Hospital, 118 83 Stockholm, Sweden. PATIENT SAMPLE: 111 patients aged 18 to 55 years with adult lumbar isthmic spondylolisthesis at L5 or L4 level of all degrees, and at least 1-year's duration of severe lumbar pain with or without sciatica. An analysis ofa€?variance was used to compare individual pre- and posttreatment mean SF-36 domain scores between the two groups and within each treatment group. It has been argued that lumbar disc injections at low pressure may be clinically different from those at higher pressure and that a guideline accepting only of low-pressure injections will effectively eliminate false positives. METHODS: Inclusion criteria were unilateral sciatic pain with a disc herniation concordant with the symptoms and signs of radicular pain.


The key clinical outcome measures were a Visual Analog Scale assessing back pain, the Oswestry Disability Index questionnaire, and the SF-36 Health Survey.
From an incredible range of gadgets offered there are many tales about their ineffectiveness or of making the receiver feel much worse.
These questions are routinely asked not only by several thousand doctors, but also many cancer specialist hospitals will recommend a Geopathic Surveyor or Geobiologist as they are often called to investigate your home before deciding on a course of therapy or reaching for the prescription pad.
It was reckoned with over 95 a€“ percentile certainty that there is a location influence on the governing system of the circulation. Many a€?specialistsa€? presume that the origin to be in the ground a€“ below the earth surface. Furthermore, technically generated EMFs are present on every place on earth; their likely influence on our health is presently the subject of intensive worldwide research. Whittaker already in 1904 showed mathematically that the known and accepted Laplace Wave Equation of the year 1787, besides indicating transversal electro-magnetic waves, also describes longitudinal scalar waves (15). The magnetite-particles could also be visualized and further analyzed using a high-definition transmission electron microscope.
In any case, magnetite crystals in the brain could possibly be a hint to explain how (certain qualities of) geopathic zones may affect the body: Magnetite reacts more than one million times stronger to an external magnetic field than every other biological material.
Using that particular aspect, we were able to indicate which organ systems of the body might be affected by geopathic stress. A third marker, saliva cortisol, although displaying its very own rhythmicity, also appears to fit into the concept that GDV could be reliably used for biophysical stress measurement (Hacker and Augner, unpublished results). Altogether, more than 137,000 individual fingertip GDV corona images were captured, interpreted by means of computer-aided image analysis and analyzed in detail using bio-statistics.
For further calculations and analyses, the GDV Meridian Analysis and the GDV Diagram software (both with version no.
The latter device had been mounted or de-mounted in another room at an upper floor, and neither the test persons nor the examiners could see if the device was present or not. The test persons were advised to keep their fingers still and relaxed during measurements and not to apply undue pressure when putting their fingers onto the glass plate at an angle of approximately 30-degrees to the instrument axis (28). If present for a prolonged time, however, eustress may soon turn to distress and thereby suppress the immune system.
We would therefore suggest using a terminology towards a a€?more geopathica€? and a€?geologically more neutrala€? zone in this context. Johanns-Hospital, so far, more than 50 a€?Wavea€? devices have been installed to harmonize critical locations - especially in the intensive care unit and in the entire surgical ward), and at other major hospitals (e.g. Thus, especially in already existing establishments, the purposeful placement of a€?Wavea€? devices can be of great benefit. The aggregate economic success of a company or institution can very well be in the balance; responsible (and visionary) managers should take heed of the results of our studies in their plans and act accordingly. Petersburg Division of Russian Ministry of Culture, State Editing and Publishing nit, a€?Kulturaa€™, pp 84a€“108 (1999).
Photographic plates are mostly things of history, and their replacement, the "intensifying screen", is also fading into history. In order to control for the effect of the titanium chamber, an additional empty chamber was placed subcutaneously in each pig.
Department of Orthopaedics, General Hospital of Armed Police, 69 Yongding Road, 100039 Beijing, China. Abnormalities of electromyogram and reduction of motor nerve conduction velocity were found on the side of radiating leg pain. OBJECTIVE: The need for interbody fusion after anterior cervical discectomy for radiculopathy remains controversial. Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, 1 Hikarigaoka, Fukushima 960-1295, Japan. Hospital De Madrid, Department of Radiology, Plaza Del Conde Del Valle De Suchil, 28015 Madrid, Spain.
PURPOSE: To carry out a systematic review and meta-analysis of the efficacy of chemonucleolysis in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation. Cohen, Associate Professor, Pain Management Division, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland; Anesthesia Service, Department of Surgery, Walter Reed Army Medical Center.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, 300 Pasteur Drive, Rm. Not surprisingly, the surgical treatment of this poorly defined discogenic pain illness has been somewhat disappointing.
Why in the world the creators of nucleoplasty haven't tested this technique via double-blind randomized controlled trial (the gold standard) is beyond me--maybe they are scared that the results will show nucleoplasty is no better than discectomy or even non-surgical conservative care or even placebo!
A clinical follow-up was performed at 3 months, and at 1 and 2 years after the index operation with an extensive questionnaire, including the visual analog scale for pain and the MacNab criteria. OUTCOME MEASURES: Pain and functional disability was quantified by pain (VAS), the Disability Rating Index (DRI), the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) work status, and global assessment of outcome by the patient into much better, better, unchanged or worse.
The primary outcomes measure was the Zurich Claudication Questionnaire, a patient-completed, validated instrument for NIC. METHODS: A total of 69 volunteers with no clinically significant LBP undergoing experimental lumbar Discography were analyzed. The aims of this study are to know the incidence of the herniated disc lumbar failed surgery in our area, identify those factors influencing its development, and study behavioural parameters as the return to work and the quality of life at a middle term after surgery, also its relation with the success or failure surgery. There are many products on the market that claim to cure some or all geopathic zones of its noxious energy. However, if we sleep in an area affected by geopathic stress, our body has to use all ita€™s energy just to keepA  vital organs going. The search, using both dowsing methods to locate geopathic energies and scientific instruments to detect man made electromagnetic energies willA  determine whether your illness is linked to geopathic stress electromagnetic stress or both. Frequencies in between about 0,1 Hz up to the GHz-range are being suggested in public literature. The most exciting result of those experiments was that, most of the regions of the brain appear to contain about five million biogenous a€?single-domaina€? magnetite crystals per gram wet weight on average, and the meninges (pia and dura mater) contain even more than 100 million.
Recently, in the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, an article describes possible roles that magnetic ferrous amalgamations could play in neurological disease (21).
The accordant calculations and projections were done interactively using specific software for analysis, based on the energy-emission-analysis according to Mandel (47-48), the Su-Jok-System of acupuncture (49) and clinical data of thousands of test persons from the St. In order to minimize chronobiologic influences to a sensible degree, the experiments were carried out only in forenoons, and also in that respect, phase randomization in time was an important prerequisite (24).
As already stated above, technical fields and noxae [nocent influences] of different kinds are present everywhere on earth.
In the workplace and in the home: this is only part of the whole picture, because a€?ready to goa€? or rested and productive employers and employees should also be able to benefit at peace and harmony at home. The metal silver (formerly necessary to the radiographic & photographic industries) is a non-renewable resource.
LBP symptoms were inquired with a questionnaire, which was completeda€?concurrently with the examinations.
METHODS: Twenty-three lumbar HD along with adjacent EF (EFHD) were harvested from patients with radicular syndrome. The purpose of this study was to assess clinical and radiographic outcomes in patients with cervical radiculopathy after discectomy without fusion (ACD), discectomy with intervertebral fusion (ACDF), and discectomy with intervertebral fusion and instrumentation (ACDFI).
There is no controversy, however, ina€?stating that achieving good outcomes, regardless of technique, is predicated ona€?proper patient selection. Collagen Research Unit, Biocenter and Department of Medical Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively assess the clinical outcome of patients with symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis before and at periodic intervals after X Stop implantation and to compare the data with previous studies.
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to determine the difference in findings between recumbent and upright-sitting MRI of the cervical and lumbosacral spine in patients with related sign and symptoms.
METHODS: Clinical trials were selected from 3 electronic databases (The Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, MEDLINE, and EMBASE).
The prospective study population consisted of 30 patients undergoing a posterior lumbar subtotal discectomy for lumbar disc herniation. Randomized trials of lumbar fusion compared with various nonsurgical strategies have shown neither consistently good outcomes with surgery nor clear benefit over nonsurgical treatments.
OBJECTIVES: To examine if subcutaneously placed autologous nucleus pulposus may attract activated T and B cells in an animal model. Enhancement percentage for each time period, peak enhancement percentage for each region, and the time taken to achieve peak enhancement percentage (Tmax) were used to define and compare diffusion characteristics and plot a time-intensity curve to document the 24-hour temporal pattern.
Because of this low number, we also analyzed three nonrandomized case series studies of spinal decompression systems. RESULTS: At every follow-up visit, X STOP patients had significantly better outcomes in each domain of the Zurich Claudication Questionnaire.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study demonstrate that the X STOP device is significantly more effective than nonoperative therapy in improving the QOL in patients with LSS. Criteria for discectomy included (in addition to a symptomatic disc herniation on MRI) neural entrapment (straight leg raising [SLR] < or =60 degrees ) with either a short-term (2-4 weeks) severe or long-term (4-12 weeks) moderate leg pain. Patients in the CHARITE artificial disc group recovered faster than patients in the control group. Most of these claims are quite dubious and do not stand up to the most rudimental scientific testing.
As a result our immune system becomes weakened, which means it doesna€™t absorb nutrients or fight off infections effectively. If so, you will be advised how to avoid or eliminate these harmful energies from your home so you stand a better chance of responding to any treatment given.
In our following attempts at explanation, we will concentrate on natural sources possibly originating from the a€?grounda€?, i.e. As we could show, the a€?Wavea€? device in fact can help, and its exceptional promise as a preventive measure is of great interest. Gerfried BRANDSTETTER (manager of the science department of the Salzburg federal government); Landeshauptfrau Mag.
Thus it is beneficial that this is now being replaced by digital (DR) and computed (CR) technology. Latent Class Analysis (LCA) was used to cluster the subjects according to their LBP symptoms.
Treatment group differences persisted after adjustmentA  for other determinants of outcome in multivariate models.
Flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry were used for analysis of T-helper cells (CD4+), cytotoxic T cells (CD8+), and B cells (Igkappa) in the chamber exudates and T cells (CD45RC) in the remaining blood clot tissue of the chamber. As controls, 14 intervertebral discs (IVDs) and 10 samples of EF (EFC) were obtained from patients without radicular syndromea€?undergoing spine surgery. Two patients had a previous L4-Sacrum anterior and posterior fusion while 2 patients had L5-Sacrum anterior and posterior fusions.
In the first linkage study on LDD, a common musculoskeletal disorder, a genome-wide scan was performed on 14 Finnish families. BACKGROUND: Spinal fusion can be complicated by accelerated degeneration of the adjacent segments.
SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The X Stop Interspinous Process Distraction Device is a relatively new interspinous implant designed for patients with symptomatic spinal stenosis particularly neurogenic claudication. However, no reports have shown whether inflammatory cytokines in the facet joint leads to pain. Wenzell, Department of Surgery, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, Washington (currently in Iraq). This group was compared to a historical cohort of 46 patients treated with limited discectomy alone. In the randomized controlled trial (RCT) with the best surgical results, the improvement in pain intensity score was only 2 points (on a 10-point scale), and the disability improvement by Oswestry Disability Index was only 10 to 12 points (on a 100-point scale). PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of nucleoplasty technique in patients with leg pain caused by radicular encroachment. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Nucleus pulposus has been suggested to trigger an autoimmune response if exposed to the immune system, for example, in association with disc herniation.
The correlation of blood flow of the bone as measured by peak enhancement percentage of vertebral body, the status of the endplate zone as measured by the peak enhancement percentage, and Tmax of the endplate zone were correlated with the diffusion of the disc.Univariate analysis of variance, multiple comparisons, appropriate tests for significance, and stepwise linear regression analysis were used for analysis of the data using SPSS software.
METHODS: The patients were randomly allocated to treatment with 1) a 1-year exercise program (n=34), 2) posterolateral fusion without pedicle screw instrumentation (n=37), or 3) posterolateral fusion with pedicle screw instrumentation (n=40). As the overall quality of studies was low and the patient groups heterogeneous, a meta-analysis was not appropriate and a qualitative review was undertaken. The results are comparable with those reported in other studies involving traditionaldecompressive techniques for LSS and suggest that the X STOP implant can provide an effective treatment compared with nonoperative and conventional surgical therapies. Spinal level of the herniation may be an important factor modifying effectiveness of surgery, but this hypothesis needs verification. Pressure measurements during injection were made, and the pressure at which a significant pain response was elicited was recorded. Fortunately there are now a growing number of dowsers that are equipped with scientific monitoring instruments that can test such claims.
To locate geopathic stress dowsers visit land, offices and homes where theyA  seekA  the location of underground streams, geological faults or the eartha€™s natural grid lines. Where photographic films required wet processing facilities, these new technologies do not.
Outcomes included patient-reported symptoms ofa€?leg and back pain, functional status, satisfaction, and work and disability compensation status.
Change in the modified a€?Roland back-specific functional status scale favored surgical treatment, and theA  relative benefit persisted over the follow-up period. Tissue explants were incubated ex vivo for 48 hours and the concentrations of cytokines were measured by elisa in the supernatants. These four patients had solid fusions on Computerized Tomography scan and had developed adjacent segment degeneration according to MRI. The analysis resulted in identification of a putative susceptibility locus for the disease on chromosome 21. Previously, a randomized study has shown a 75% improvement in symptoms and physical function at 1-year post-X Stop implantation for lumbar spinal stenosis. This study was designed to characterize the correlation between inflammatory cytokines released from facet joint tissue and symptoms in degenerative lumbar spinal disorders. A?a‚¬A? Assistant Professor, Pain Management Division, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland. OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical outcomes after limited versus subtotal discectomy for lumbar disc herniations. Common degenerative findings are often interpreted as recent developments and the probable anatomic cause of the new symptoms.
T-cell activation represents a hallmark in the generation of an autoimmune response, subsequently leading to the differentiation of B cells, but a causal association between the exposure of nucleus pulposus to the systemic circulation and T and B cell activation is still lacking.
Peul WC, van Houwelingen HC, van den Hout WB, Brand R, Eekhof JA, Tans JT, Thomeer RT, Koes BW; Leiden-The Hague Spine Intervention Prognostic Study Group . Sample sizes averaged 121 patients (range 27-292), with six of the seven randomized studies reporting no difference with motorized spinal decompression and one study reporting reduced pain but not disability. This result was compared to the pain response and pressure profiles of 52 patients undergoing Discography for chronic LBP illness in consideration of treatment.
There were noa€?statistically significant differences between the clusters in trunk muscle strength or body sway. Despite these differences, work and disability status at 10 years were comparable among those treateda€?surgically or nonsurgically. Overall, each patient underwent an average of four discograms, at the lowest mobile disc segments. INTRODUCTION: Lumbar disc disease (LDD) is a common musculoskeletal disorder that affects approximately 5% of the adult population. Successful transplantations of intervertebral disc autografts, fresh allografts, and fresh-frozen allografts-ie, a non-fusion strategy-in which the mobility and stability of the spinal segment were preserved have been done in a primate model. The only other study is a preliminary report of only 10 patients with variable intervals of clinical outcome assessment. The purpose of this study was to seek involvement of inflammatory facet joint for radiculopathy in lumbar spinal canal stenosis with clinical and anatomical studies.
The images were acquired on the Uprighttrade mark MRI unit (Fonar Corporation, Melville, NY). To date no prospective study has established a baseline MR status of the lumbar spine in subjects without significant LBP problems and prospectively surveyed these subjects for acute changes shortly after new and serious LBP episodes. In a large population-based study, approximately 18% of patients who had spinal fusion for degenerative conditions experienced procedure-related complications; 20% of these patients went on to reoperation over the next 5 years. METHODS: Autologous nucleus pulposus was harvested from the intervertebral disc of 9 pigs and placed subcutaneously in perforated titanium chambers. The three unrandomized studies (no control group) of motorized spinal decompression found a 77% to 86% reduction in pain.
CONCLUSIONS: The X STOP provides a conservative yet effective treatment for patients suffering from lumbar spinal stenosis.
However, for thousands of years people from all over the world have been finding underground water for wells and mineral deposits to mine by dowsing methods.
CONCLUSION: LBP does not seem to be associated with maximal isometric trunk muscle strength or body sway in young adults. All of the patients were found to have a painful but morphologically normal disc adjacent to a painful and morphologically abnormal disc. Our aim was to determine the feasibility, safety, and long-term clinical results of disc transplantation in human beings.
METHOD: Forty consecutive patients were enrolled and surgically treated with X Stop implantation. METHODS: Lumbar facet joint cartilage and synovial tissues in 40 cases of posterior lumbar surgery were harvested to measure tumor necrotizing factor-alpha (TNFalpha), interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) during operation. Differences were sought between the recumbent and upright-sitting positions at all levels imaged, in both planes.
A trial of more aggressive discectomy (subtotal) was undertaken to determine if the rate of reherniation could be decreased with this technique. This method can identify new versus old MR findings possibly associated with the acute symptomatic episode. OUTCOME MEASURES: Visual analogue scale (VAS) was administered and Oswestry disability questionnaires were filled out at preprocedure and postprocedure 2 weeks, 6 months, and 1 year. Alterations in endplate zone produced distinct magnetic resonance imaging signs of disturbance in diffusion, which offered a reliable noninvasive method of identifying endplate cartilage damage. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that the efficacy of spinal decompression achieved with motorized traction for chronic discogenic low back pain remains unproved. In the continuum of treatment options, the X STOP offers an attractive alternative to both conservative care and decompressive surgery.
Diskogram morphology, pain response, and concordance, as well as magnetic resonance imaging, plain radiographs, psychometric testing (Distress and Risk Assessment Method), and compensation history were documented for each group.
Remember ita€™s the energy from the water and other artefacts that they first respond to as it rises from deep beneath the ground to the surface. The morphologically abnormal disc was anesthetized and the discography repeated on the normal disc. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical history data were collected from 186 members of 14 Finnish families with LDD. METHODS: Five patients, average age 47 years, with cervical disc herniation underwent transplantation of fresh-frozen composite disc allografts after disc excision.
The X Stop device was implanted at the stenotic segment, which was either at 1 or 2 levels in each patient. The visual analogue scale (VAS) and Roland-Morris disability questionnaire (RDQ) were used to examine the correlation between cytokine concentration and symptoms. RESULTS: The total number of cases of pathology was 68, including instances of posterior disc herniation and anterior and posterior spondylolisthesis.
METHODS: A total of 30 patients undergoing a posterior lumbar discectomy for lumbar disc herniation were treated with an aggressive (subtotal) resection of intervertebral disc material after removal of the extruded or protruded fragments. PURPOSE: To determine if new and serious episodes of LBP are associated with new and relevant findings on MRI.
METHODS: We randomly assigned 283 patients who had had severe sciatica for 6 to 12 weeks to early surgery or to prolonged conservative treatment with surgery if needed. No significant differences were observed between instrumented and non-instrumented patients in any variable studied.
This may be, in part, due to heterogeneous patient groups and the difficulties involved in properly blinding patients to the mechanical pulling mechanism. A low-pressure positive was defined as significant pain elicited less than 22 psi more than opening pressure. CONCLUSIONS: This prospective, randomized, multicenter study demonstrated that quantitative clinical outcome measures following lumbar total disc replacement with the CHARITE artificial disc are at least equivalent to clinical outcomes with anterior lumbar interbody fusion. Segmental kyphosis was noted in 75% of the ACD patients postoperatively compared with 17% preoperatively.
Serial MRI and static and dynamic radiographs were used to monitor the status of the grafts and the sagittal stability and mobility of the segment. They were clinically evaluated at the preoperative, 3-month, 6-month, and 1-year stage with clinical questionnaires (Zurich Claudication Questionnaire, Oswestry Disability Index, and SF-36). Coloring agent was injected into facet joints of fresh cadavers to find leakage of pigment from the facet joint into the spinal canal.
This group was compared against a historical cohort of 46 patients treated with limited discectomy alone.
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study with baseline and post-LBP MRI monitoring of 200 subjects over 5 years.
METHODS: All procedures were performed under local anesthesia and fluoroscopic guidance on an outpatient basis.
The primary outcomes were the score on the Roland Disability Questionnaire, the score on the visual-analogue scale for leg pain, and the patient's report of perceived recovery during the first year after randomization.
There were no infections or patients with any form of permanent iatrogenic nerve damage, and no patients had a major complication.
CONCLUSIONS: Serial postcontrast magnetic resonance imaging studies offer a reliable method of assessing the diffusion of the discs and the functional status of the endplate cartilage. In the exercise group the pain was significantly reduced but not the functional disability. Scientifically more rigorous studies with better randomization, control groups, and standardized outcome measures are needed to overcome the limitations of past studies. RESULTS: The number and percent of individuals with at least 1 low-pressure positive disc in the experimental group were 17 of 69 (25%) and in the clinical LBP group 14 of 52 (27%). These results support earlier reports in the literature that total disc replacement with the CHARITE artificial disc is a safe and effective alternative to fusion for the surgical treatment of symptomatic disc degeneration in properly indicated patients. The authors recommend anesthetizing painful abnormal discs prior to discography of the adjacent discs. A second fine mapping confirmed the susceptibility of chromosome 21 with a two-point LOD score of 2.06 (D21S1922).
FINDINGS: Good union of the graft endplates was seen by the end of 3 months after surgery in all patients. RESULTS: Sixteen patients failed to complete all the questionnaires at all time intervals and hence were excluded, leaving 24 patients who had completed all questionnaire at all time interval.
RESULTS: Inflammatory cytokines were detected in the joint tissues in the lumbar spinal canal stenosis (LSCS) and lumbar disc herniation (LDH) groups. CONCLUSIONS: Chemonucleolysis with chymopapain was superior to placebo and was as effective as collagenase in the treatment of lumbar disc prolapse. Reherniation rates and clinical outcomes were determined by independent evaluation at 6, 12, and 24 months after surgery. RESULTS: As compared with the empty chambers, the proportion of activated T cells (CD4+ and CD8+) was significantly higher in the exudate of the nucleus pulposus filled chamber. Repeated-measures analysis according to the intention-to-treat principle was used to estimate the outcome curves for both groups. CONCLUSIONS: A high percentage of patient satisfaction could be obtained with a posterior lateral endoscopic discectomy for lumbar disc herniation, and a statistically significant improvement of the results was obtained when an intradiscal injection of 1000 U of chymopapain was added. Endplate cartilage damage increases with age and produces considerable changes in diffusion. Compared with the 2-year follow-up a significant increase in functional disability was observed, as measured by the DRI, but not the ODI, in the surgical group at long term. CONCLUSION: Higher concentrations of TNF-alpha were found in EF from patients with radiculopathy from HD compared with patients suffering from other type of back pain. This technique may avoid unnecessary dismissal of patients from treatment because of an appropriate response to discography.
CONCLUSION: Patient selection and surgical decompression remain the key to achieving desirable clinical outcomes after cervical discectomy for radiculopathy.
At a minimum follow-up of 5 years, the neurological symptoms of all patients had improved from before surgery levels. By 12 months, 54% of these 24 patients reported clinically significant improvement in their symptoms, 33% reported clinically significant improvement in physical function, and 71% expressed satisfaction with the procedure. A positive reaction rate of IL-1beta was significantly higher in the LSCS group than in the LDH group. Results for studies comparing chemonucleolysis with surgery were heterogeneous, making it difficult to interpret the summary measure of effect. MRI outcomes: disc degeneration, herniation, annular fissures, end plate changes, facet arthrosis, canal stenosis, spondylolisthesis, and root impingement.
Channels were created in the nucleus by advancing the radiofrequency probe (ablating) and withdrawing it (coagulation). The proportion of activated B cells expressing immunoglobulin kappa (Igkappa) was also significantly elevated in the exudate of the nucleus pulposus chambers. The present study has described reliable signs by which these damages can be identified in vivo. In the exercise group no significant changes were observed between the 2-year and the long-term follow-up. Positive injections correlated with anular disruption, abnormal psychometric findings, and chronic pain states. The response (irrespective of the treatment) was significantly better with shorter symptom duration and less SLR restriction at baseline. Within a 2-year follow-up period, the technique of reconstruction plays no role in clinical results.
Interestingly, the locus for another spinal disorder, ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL), has been mapped to chromosome 21q, partially overlapping with our candidate region.
29% of the patients required caudal epidural after 12 months after surgery for recurrence of their symptoms of neurogenic claudication. IL-1beta-positive cases in the LSCS group showed higher VAS scores for leg pain and higher RDQ scores. METHODS: 200 subjects with a lifetime history of no significant LBP problems, and a high risk for new LBP episodes were studied at baseline with physical examination, plain radiographs, and MR imaging. Of 142 patients designated for conservative treatment, 55 (39%) were treated surgically after a mean of 18.7 weeks.
The method can be applied in any type of lumbar disc herniation, including the L5-S1 level. Aging and degeneration have been shown to be two separate processes by documenting clear-cut differences in diffusion. Cross-sectional analysis: Between the surgical and conservative group no significant differences were observed in any outcome measurement at long-term follow-up except for global assessment, which was significantly better for surgical patients. CONCLUSIONS: The analysis shows that the rate of low-pressure painful injections in subjects without chronic LBP illness is approximately 25%, and correlates with both anatomic and psychosocial factors. Patients in the infliximab group appeared to especially benefit in cases of a L4-L5 (or L3-L4) herniation and if a Modic change was colocalized at the symptomatic level. Two candidate genes with aggrecanase activity, ADAMTS-1 and ADAMTS-5, were analyzed in the region, suggesting linkage, leading to the identification of 13 sequence variations.
CONCLUSION: The results of this prospective observational study indicate that X Stop offers significant short-term improvement over a 1-year period. Intraspinal canal tissues including lumbar nerve root were stained by injection of methylene blue into the facet joints. But although preliminary open-label studies demonstrated promising results for the treatment of low back pain with tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitors, early optimism has been tainted by a controlled study showing no significant benefit in sciatica. Time to return to work was longer, and pain medication usage was higher in the subtotal discectomy group at 12-month follow-up.
There was no significant overall difference in disability scores during the first year (P=0.13).
The present data encourage use of diffusion studies as a noninvasive method to assess the physiologic status of the disc and endplate and to study the effect of drugs, smoking, mechanical loading, exercises, etc. Of surgical patients 76% classified the overall outcome as much better or better compared with 50% of conservatively treated patients (p=0.015). CONCLUSIONS: Although the long-term results of this randomized trial do not support the use of infliximab compared with placebo for lumbar radicular pain in patients with disc herniation-induced sciatica, further study in a subgroup of patients with L4-L5 or L3-L4 herniations, especially in the presence of Modic changes, appears to be warranted. None of the variations were disease-causing, however, because they were observed equally in affected and healthy individuals. It is a safe, effective, and less invasive alternative for treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis. CONCLUSIONS: IL-1beta in facet joint cartilage in LSCS was associated with leg pain and a decline of quality of life.
To determine whether outcomes might be improved by a more direct route of administration, the authors evaluated escalating doses of intradiscal etanercept in 36 patients with chronic lumbosacral radiculopathy or discogenic low back pain.
Despite a trend toward a higher reherniation rate, the patient satisfaction at 2-year follow-up was higher in the limited discectomy group.
Quality of life as estimated by the SF-36 at long term was not different between treatment groups in any of the eight domains studied but was considerably lower than for the normal population.
CONCLUSIONS: We report here on the first putative susceptibility locus for LDD in the Finnish population. Inflammatory cytokines produced in degenerated facet joint may leak into the intraspinal space through the lateral part of the ventral facet joint capsule.
CONCLUSIONS: The more aggressive removal of remaining intervertebral disc material may decrease the risk of reherniation, but the overall outcome was less satisfactory, especially during the first year after surgery. New MR imaging, taken within 6 to 12 weeks of the start of a new LBP episode, was compared with baseline (asymptomatic) images.
The observations in the present study may nevertheless explain some of the local tissue reactions occurring in association with disc herniation and nerve root involvement, thereby providing further insight into the pathophysiology of sciatica.
CONCLUSIONS: Posterolateral fusion in adult lumbar isthmic spondylolisthesis results ina modestly improved long-term outcome compared with a 1-year exercise program. INTERPRETATION: Despite signs of mild disc degeneration, the motion and stability of the spinal unit was preserved after transplantation of fresh-frozen allogenic intervertebral discs in our patients. These results suggest the involvement of inflammatory cytokines in degenerated lumbar facet joints regarding the genesis of pain production. In both groups, however, the probability of perceived recovery after 1 year of follow-up was 95%. Although the results show that some of the previously reported short-term improvement is lost at long term, patients with fusion still classify their global outcome as clearly better than conservatively treated patients. With further refinements, such transplantations could be an effective treatment for degenerative disc disease. A neurologic examination and postprocedure leukocyte counts were performed in all patients at 1-month follow-up visits. CONCLUSIONS: The 1-year outcomes were similar for patients assigned to early surgery and those assigned to conservative treatment with eventual surgery if needed, but the rates of pain relief and of perceived recovery were faster for those assigned to early surgery. Furthermore, because the long-term outcome of the patients conservatively treated most likely reflects the natural course, one can also conclude that no considerable spontaneous improvement should be expected over time in adult patients with symptomatic isthmic spondylolisthesis.
In patients who experienced significant improvement in pain scores and function, follow-up visits were conducted 3 and 6 months after the procedure.
Analgesic consumption was stopped or reduced in 42 patients (85%) at 6 months and in 46 patients (94%) 1 year after the procedure. Substantial pain, functional disability and a reduced quality of life will in most patients most likely remain unaltered over many years.
Overall patient satisfaction was 81% at 2 weeks, 85% at 6 months, and 88% at the latest follow-up. This seems to validate the importance of weight-bearing imaging in the spine that might be expected to unmask positional enlarging disc herniations and worsening spondylolisthesis. Only eight patients remained in the study after 1 month and elected to forego further treatment.
The most common progressive findings were disc signal loss (10%), progressive facet arthrosis (10%), or increased end plate changes (4%). No complications were reported, and no differences were noted between preprocedure and postprocedure leukocyte counts. Only two subjects, both with primary radicular complaints, had new findings of probable clinical significance (4%). CONCLUSIONS: Our results encourage us to use nucleoplasty in carefully selected patients with leg pain caused by radicular encroachment.
The latter finding was possibly due to the fact that upright seated position is actually partial flexion that might be expected to reduce some cases of hypermobile posterior spondylolisthesis. New findings were not more frequent in subjects with LBP episodes developing after minor trauma than when LBP developed spontaneously. CONCLUSION: Findings on MR imaging within 12 weeks of serious LBP inception are highly unlikely to represent any new structural change. Most new changes (loss of disc signal, facet arthrosis, and end plate signal changes) represent progressive age changes not associated with acute events. Primary radicular syndromes [however] may have new root compression findings associated with root irritation.



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