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24.04.2015
The Down to Earth Climate Science program is designed to help students understand climate science in the 21st century; and provide educators a way to integrate NASA data and Earth Science models into a coordinated series of lessons about climate change issues.
Down to Earth Climate Science is a collaborative effort of the University of California, Riverside and the nearby NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). Those of you who follow this blog know that, on top of launching satellites into space, NASA has a suite of Earth-observing instruments, a robust airborne program of instruments mounted on planes, and science ships.
Recently, Chris Mertens, a NASA scientist interested in galactic cosmic rays, shepherded a NASA balloon all the way to the top of Earth’s atmosphere. As the balloon lifted off, Chief Engineer Amanda Cutright could hear two sets of cheers, one at the location and a second over the delay at NASA’s Langley Research Center where members of the team were watching a broadcast of the event.
Mertens and Cutright, along with Project Manager Kevin Daugherty and the rest of the Radiation Dosimetry Experiment (RaD-X) team, had spent the past few weeks prepping the balloon and payload in the deserts of New Mexico and had been anxiously awaiting its launch.
About two hours after launch, the balloon reached the middle of the stratosphere, about 110-120 thousand feet up, right on the edge of space.
Just past sunset, they purposely let enough helium out of the balloon to lower it to the 70-89 thousand foot range and have it float there overnight.
For the rest of the flight, the RaD-X team watched visuals from the onboard cameras, gathered near real-time data on their computers and tracked the balloon flight path from the control room. After sunrise, the team watched the parachute deploy so the payload could descend safely; from the camera view, they watched the Earth getting bigger and bigger. PS: 100 low-cost Cubes in Space experiments from 100 classrooms across the country were also on the flight. Laura Faye Tenenbaum is a science communicator at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and teaches oceanography at Glendale Community College. Many large glaciers in Greenland are at greater risk of melting from below than once thought. March 2016 set a new record temperature for this time of year, the sixth month in a row to do so. Watch this 'Earth Minute' whiteboard series for an easy introduction to NASA Earth science. For much of the planet, giant sheets of spaceborne solar panels could do for electricity production what mobile phones are doing for telecommunications. Flaring of waste natural gas from industrial oil fields in the Northern Hemisphere is a potential source of significant amounts of nitrogen dioxide and black carbon to the Arctic.
A new study reveals that variations in cloud cover, which influence environmental factors like rain and sunlight, can help scientists identify where plants and animals can survive. Principal Investigator Eric Hochberg talks about monitoring the world's coral reefs in a NASA field project of unprecedented scale and scope. Principal Investigator Josh Willis explains this important mission, which will pave the way for improved sea level rise estimates. NASA is sending Earth scientists around the world in 2016 to study how our planet is changing. The first deployment of one of NASA's most ambitious research studies of Earth's atmosphere will take place this July and August. A new study explores the relationship between climate cycles and sea level variations, and could lead to better predictions of sea level changes. NASA has selected two new Earth science investigations, including one from JPL, that will put instruments in orbit to track harmful air pollutants and study tropical cyclones. NASA has delivered an unmanned aircraft system (UAS) to the University of Kansas in Lawrence for student training and development of a radar system for analyzing Greenland glaciers associated with sea-level rise around the globe.
A new study finds atmospheric river storms are 2.5 times more likely than other types of winter storms to cause destructive rains that melt snow in California's Sierra Nevada.
Pakistan water managers are using satellite data from NASA’s Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment to more effectively monitor and manage the nation's groundwater.
Explore a stunning gallery of before-and-after images of Earth from land and space that reveal our home planet in a state of flux. Keep track of Earth's vital signs, see the planet in a state of flux and slow the pace of global warming with NASA's free mobile apps.
Travel through Earth's recent climate history and see how increasing carbon dioxide, global temperature and sea ice have changed over time. Track Earth's vital signs from space and fly along with NASA's Earth-observing satellites in an interactive 3D visualization. NASA’s Climate Kids website brings the exciting science of climate change and sustainability to life, providing clear explanations for the big questions in climate science Targeting upper-elementary-aged children, the site includes interactive games, hands-on activities, and engaging articles that make climate science accessible and fun. NASA’s Global Climate Change website hosts an extensive collection of global warming resources for media, educators, weathercasters and public speakers. The new NASA global data set combines historical measurements with data from climate simulations using the best available computer models to provide forecasts of how global temperature (shown here) and precipitation might change up to 2100 under different greenhouse gas emissions scenarios.
A new dataset from the NASA Earth Exchange shows how temperature and rainfall patterns worldwide may change through the year 2100 because of growing concentrations of greenhouse gases in Earth’s atmosphere. The dataset, which is available to the public, shows projected changes worldwide on a regional level in response to different scenarios of increasing carbon dioxide simulated by 21 climate models. The new dataset is the latest product from the NASA Earth Exchange (NEX), a big-data research platform within the NASA Advanced Supercomputing Center at the agency’s Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, California. This NASA dataset integrates actual measurements from around the world with data from climate simulations created by the international Fifth Coupled Model Intercomparison Project. The NASA climate projections provide a detailed view of future temperature and precipitation patterns around the world at a 15.5 mile (25 kilometer) resolution, covering the time period from 1950 to 2100. NEX is a collaboration and analytical platform that combines state-of-the-art supercomputing, Earth system modeling, workflow management and NASA remote-sensing data. NEX data and analysis tools are available to the public through the OpenNEX project on Amazon Web Services. NASA uses the vantage point of space to increase our understanding of our home planet, improve lives, and safeguard our future. Considering that the world has warmed less than a degree and nothing at all since before this century, how do they figure? Sooooooooooo is this the real data or the estimated data or the first or second round of fake data?
So all 21 climate models predict the most populous areas on Earth will turn to dark red molten lava within the next 85 years or is the color scheme slightly exaggerated?
Instead of admitting that their hypotheses and computer generated climate models of human influenced global warming upon which the Catastrophic Global Warming Lunatics rely is fatally flawed, they simply ignore the data and conclusions and continue to perpetuate the myth. When actual data doesn’t concur with the data of the desired computer generated climate models of the Catastrophic Global Warming Lunatics, they simply adjust or “HOMOGINIZE” the data, and when the adjusted or “HOMOGINIZED” data still doesn’t concur with data of their desired computer generated climate models, the Catastrophic Global Warming Lunatics simply discard that data and refer to the “HOMOGINIZED” data of another computer generated climate model in what they refer to as a “REANALYSIS” in order to eventually produce the specific desired outcome required to support their otherwise unsupportable claims that the temperature of the planet is increasing. The whole political cause of global warming is based on the theory’s claim to make predictions before the fact. If this difference between prediction and explanation seems merely technical, remember that the whole political cause of global warming is based on the theory’s claim to make predictions before the fact—way before the fact, projecting temperatures for the next century. Harvard science historian Naomi Oreskes recently co-authored a paper depicting research on the “hiatus” as a case study in how scientists had allowed a “seepage” of climate skeptic argumentation to affect the formal scientific literature.


Remember that everybody’s data was showing a plateau in global temperatures, and many of the studies focused on this were attempting to uphold the global warming theory in the face of that evidence. David Legates of the University of Delaware College of Earth, Ocean, & Environment, who is skeptical of climate change predictions of catastrophe, realized years ago that his independent position means that he should not accept corporate money for research or speaking fees. Professor Emeritus Friedrich Karl Ewert a geologist from Paderborn University noted the “evaluation of long-term temperature readings .
NASA analyzed data from the past 60 years, taking information from over 1,000 meteorological stations around the globe, satellite data and numbers from the Antarctic research station. The report also shows that except for 1998, the 10 hottest years in the past 134 years have all taken place since the new millennium.
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Carbon, the building block of life, cycles through the land, ocean, atmosphere, and the Eartha€™s interior, in what is simply called the carbon cycle. Unfortunately, the life-sustaining processes of the carbon cycle may involve more problems than any of us ever bargained for. Berrien Moore, professor and director of the Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans and Space at the University of New Hampshire, gave a lecture at NASA Langley this week entitled, "Humans and the Global Carbon Cycle: A Faustian Bargain?" For Moore, and many of his colleagues, the issue of the carbon balance on Earth, specifically the human contribution to this balance, is of immediate importance.
Moore recently served as a co-chair of the National Academy of Sciences' National Research Council (NRC) science decadal study released in January 2007. A significant finding of the decadal survey and the IPCC report is the increasing body of observations revealing that we are living in a warmer world. The NRC decadal survey outlines a decline over the next five years in the number of satellite instruments to monitor Earth from space.
This prospective satellite mission would build on NASA Langley's extensive lidar capabilities, and Langley would play an important role in both the instrument development and science of the mission. An Taisce Council approved the formation of the Climate Change Committee (ATCC) in February 2014 .
Disseminate the “cumulative carbon budget” concept as an essential scientific basis for effective climate policy.
Seek directly to influence key actors in society (in politics, media, business, etc.) to support effective climate action. The UN mandated Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) finalised its Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) during 2014. The proposed expansion of Irish dairy and beef production under the Food Harvest 2020 programme (with its consequent increase, rather than mitigation, of agricultural greenhouse emissions) is also of major ongoing concern. The (long delayed) Low-Carbon and Climate Action Bill was finally introduced in the Dail by Minister Alan Kelly in February 2015.
The FossilFree divestment campaign promoted by 350.org has been supported by An Taisce through a letter issued to all Irish universities and churches urging them to divest from fossil fuels. An Taisce calls for Climate Action from political parties in the upcoming general election.
The balloon, which stood a couple hundred feet tall and held 11 million cubic feet of helium, had a flight train attached to it with a payload of four science instruments and a parachute. Because commercial airline pilots and aircrew fly so frequently, they are actually radiation workers.
All four dosimetry instruments collected data at both altitudes to feed into NAIRAS, an analytical model that simulates tissue and how radiation impacts it. The payload was cut from the balloon and a large hole ripped on the side of the balloon so it could fall on its own off to the side.
Some of their experiments included kernels of popcorn to see if they pop at altitude and seeds and electronics to find out how radiation affects them.
With a special section for educators, Climate Kids is great for parents and teachers as well. Browse by topic and by media type, including videos, social media shareables, infographics, quizzes and interactives.
The high-resolution data, which can be viewed on a daily timescale at the scale of individual cities and towns, will help scientists and planners conduct climate risk assessments to better understand local and global effects of hazards, such as severe drought, floods, heat waves and losses in agriculture productivity.
In 2013, NEX released similar climate projection data for the continental United States that is being used to quantify climate risks to the nation’s agriculture, forests, rivers and cities. These climate simulations used the best physical models of the climate system available to provide forecasts of what the global climate might look like under two different greenhouse gas emissions scenarios: a “business as usual” scenario based on current trends and an “extreme case” with a significant increase in emissions.
The 11-terabyte dataset provides daily estimates of maximum and minimum temperatures and precipitation over the entire globe. Through NEX, users can explore and analyze large Earth science data sets, run and share modeling algorithms and workflows, collaborate on new or existing projects and exchange workflows and results within and among other science communities. NASA develops new ways to observe and study Earth’s interconnected natural systems with long-term data records. We’re supposed to base the whole organization of our civilization, at a cost of many trillions of dollars, on those ultra-long-term predictions. Yet now some of the theory’s own supporters are going to be thrown under the bus for showing too much faith in the data and too little faith in the cause. Duffy, a professor in the Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering of the University of Auckland, NZ. It doesn’t have open minds… I am really amazed that the Nobel Peace Prize has been given on scientifically incorrect conclusions by people who are not geologists,” – Indian geologist Dr. Takeda Kunihiko, vice-chancellor of the Institute of Science and Technology Research at Chubu University in Japan. Eduardo Tonni, of the Committee for Scientific Research in Buenos Aires and head of the Paleontology Department at the University of La Plata. Despite what you may have heard in the media, there is nothing like a consensus of scientific opinion that this is a problem. NASA is shutting down the naysayers with a new report and illustration that shows the actual overall impact of global warming over the past six decades. As part of the carbon cycle, we breathe fresh oxygen produced when plants take in atmospheric carbon dioxide.
Berrien Moore, gave an invited lecture on April 10 to NASA Langley employees on climate change and human impacts on the carbon cycle. The long-awaited study, "Earth Science and Applications from Space: National Imperatives for the Next Decade and Beyond," was produced by and for the Earth science community.
In any given year, tens of billions of tons of carbon move between the atmosphere, hydrosphere, and geosphere. Specifically, global mean surface temperatures have increased half a degree Celsius in the past decade. Space-based observations provide information for tracking severe weather, understanding climate activity, and monitoring land use.
Moore's visit was at the invitation of the Langley Colloquium Committee and is part of the Colloquium and SIGMA series.
This implies measures to ensure that the great bulk of remaining fossil fuel “resources” (oil, gas, coal, peat) are now left safely in the ground.


This further strengthened the climate scientists’ consensus that human-induced climate change is now threatening severe impacts across all societies and sectors of human activity; and that only radical and urgent global emissions reductions, combined with aggressive adaptation measures, can forestall the worst effects. ATCC has been active in publicly critiquing the inconsistency with supposed national commitments to overall emissions rate reductions.
The Bill falls far short of the level of ambition advocated by An Taisce and we continue to encourage material amendments before it is enacted. He watched it lift off from NASA’s Columbia Scientific Balloon Facility in Fort Sumner, New Mexico, and float away on a 24-hour research journey. So, with his background in cosmic radiation and space weather physics, Mertens knew he could develop a model to predict the radiation levels in Earth’s upper atmosphere and answer that question.
The balloon landed in a rancher’s field and the Columbia Scientific Balloon Facility out of NASA Wallops recovered it. Now that you know NASA helped students send kernels of popcorn to the edge of space, aren’t you dying to find out if they popped or not?
The agency freely shares this unique knowledge and works with institutions around the world to gain new insights into how our planet is changing. It’s a lot easier to tweak your theory to make it a better fit to the data, or in this case, to tweak the way the data is measured and analyzed in order to make it better fit your theory. So exulting that they can readjust the data for the last few years to jibe with their theory after the fact is not exactly the reassurance we need. They will get the message stated bluntly by Oreskes: science must never be contaminated by skepticism.
David Gee the chairman of the science committee of the 2008 International Geological Congress who has authored 130 plus peer reviewed papers, and is currently at Uppsala University in Sweden.
Climate change is a matter of geologic time, something that the earth routinely does on its own without asking anyone’s permission or explaining itself.” — Nobel Prize-Winning Stanford University Physicist Dr.
The power of solar irradiance has decreased consistently since 1990 and is still rapidly declining.
What starts out as a happy blue planet in the graphic quickly becomes an angry red one, with nine of the 10 hottest years all occurring in the new millennium. And while weather can be extremely cold or extremely hot in certain areas around the globe from year to year, “long-term trends in surface temperatures are unusual and 2013 adds to the evidence for ongoing climate change,” said GISS climatologist Gavin Schmidt. We tap into carbon that has been stored in Earth's geosphere for millions of years when we heat our homes with coal and natural gas.
Moore is a professor and director of the Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans and Space at the University of New Hampshire. He also worked on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Changea€™s (IPCCa€™s) Assessment Reports, the most recent of which was released at the beginning of this month. Furthermore, the report states that there is new and stronger evidence that this warming is likely attributed to human activities -- like the burning of fossil fuels.
One mission, an active lidar system, is suggested for monitoring carbon dioxide levels globally. Based on this most up-to-date scientific analysis, ATCC released a substantial report summarising the decisive role of cumulative carbon emissions in effective climate policy. This has included meeting directly with officials of the Department of Food, Agriculture and the Marine to present the An Taisce position.
ATCC supported and participated in a day of action (Feb 10th 2015) in relation to the Bill.
John Sweeney (Ireland's leading climate scientist, and past President of An Taisce) attended as an observer on the Irish delegation. They not only lack understanding about specific climate change issues, but are even unaware of the tools needed for understanding or the importance of modeling as a guide to facing the impacts of climate change. With this balloon flight, the RaD-X team expects to learn more about the amount of radiation flight crews receive on a daily, monthly or yearly basis and throughout their careers. The team wanted to look at the incoming galactic cosmic rays and radiation from the sun above the region where the particles interact with the atmosphere and break up into smaller particles.
OpenNEX is an extension of the NASA Earth Exchange in a public cloud-computing environment. As long as they perpetuate the AGW myth, the generous funding will pour in at the expense of the revenue-generating sector.
They’re all in on it (or were) together and manipulated science for purpose to tax and control the world. Ahluwalia at Punjab University and a board member of the UN-supported International Year of the Planet. This is the kind of retaliation academics who speak honestly about the climate have come to expect. Since 1990, the Sun has not been warming the Earth as in the past,” -Habibullo Abdussamatov, astrophysicist and head of space research at St.
It’s a quick and easy way to visualize the difference between weather and climate and to understand the devastating impact excess carbon emissions are having on the planet. According to the report, weather events will always cause fluctuations from year to year, but what matters most is the overall picture.
So while each year may not be successively warmer than the last, the overall temperature has consistently increased from decade to decade, as the NASA graphic illustrates. The illustration above shows total amounts of stored carbon in black text (in gigatons of carbon), and annual carbon fluxes in purple text (Gigatons Carbon per year).
Moore adds that increasing levels of greenhouse gases in our atmosphere, including carbon dioxide, are very likely causing the recently observed increases in average global temperatures. Reid Conference Center, as well as at the Virginia Air & Space Center, NASA Langley's official visitor center. This included a contribution to a private briefing for Oireachtas members, direct lobbying, and participation in a public meeting.
His timely and informative “letters from Lima” captured the ongoing atmosphere of the event, and the disappointing lack of ambition in the outcomes achieved. Laughlin, who won the Nobel Prize for physics in 1998, and was formerly a research scientist at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Ewert pointed out that “in the geological past, we had the greatest glaciation of the earth (the glacier went down to 35 degrees north) when we have carbon dioxide content of the atmosphere of 1400 [ppm].
That overall change, and not individual weather events or even single years, is what we need to be concerned about. According to Abdussamatov, our planet may enter what he calls “a mini-ice age” at the beginning of next year. At the polar regions, radiation exposure is maximum because the magnetic field lines are vertical.



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