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Bhastrika means bellows: the air is forced to come in and out of the lungs, similar to the work of the bellows. Both these pramayamas (kapalabhati and bhastrika) activate and strengthen liver, spleen, pancreas and stomach muscles, as well as improve digestion.
If anything of the mentioned above happened to you, stop the practice immediately for several days. A basic of bhastrika is a three-staged yogic breathing when abdominal cavity is being controlled.
This is a very effective exercise that should be done very accurate, especially in the beginning.
Bhastrika is a very intensive exercise (along or with retention of breathing on inhalation), that is why it requires causion and a common sense.
So, bhastrika is done with the speed of 50-60 breathing cycles per minute, involving a greater volume of lungs compared to a normal breathing.
As the quantity of carbon dioxide falls down, acidity decreases, and blood becomes more alcalic; it influences an increase of affinity of hemoglobin with moleculas of oxygen. Objective symptoms of hypercapnical hypoxia are increased sensitivity of nerves and muscles, that at a more prolonged hyperventilation (usually for more than 1-2 minutes) turn into itching sensations and light numbness of the muscles of the face and extremities, then they turn into crumps over the large muscle groups of arms and legs.
The mechanism described above essentualy differs from hypoxia, arising in the course of hyperventilation techniques, which are basic in pranayama.
Up to the limit retentions (murchha-pranayama, yoni-mudra) causing pre-uncounscious state are rarely used in pranayama practice and may be fulfilled only once, not more, during the day, and require preliminary preparation.
To master quickly and safely and then to effectively practice bhastrika, you should understand, what it focuses on, and how these physiological effects manifest.
The general picture of activised sympaphetic system is a mobilization of resourses for external activity.
Improved blood flow in a small circle of blood circulation prevents pulmonary engorgement; rhythmic blood pressure drops, created in the chest, provide ventilation and drainage of the bronchi. Doing bhastrika we can notice that the first round is always more difficult to fulfill, the third and the fourth are much easier. Diafragma – the main respiratory muscle, dividing the chest and abdominal cavity - conducts an unusual massage.
At full-extend bhastrika pranayama is done on the basis of a speeded up full yogic breathing.
Kapalabhati, bhastrika-vjayamas, purna bhastrika are obligatory followed by compensatory techniques based on kumbhaka and bandha. Vibhagya-pranayamas – is a separate preparatory exercise for mastering full breathing, here abdominal, chest and clavicular breathing is studied separately. Depending on constitution (prakriti), current state of the organism (vikriti) and type of agni, different intensiveness of bhastrika is recommended. As a rule, the best bhastrika suits kapha type people, who have a tendency to a raised mucus secretion, stagnation in the lungs and hipotonia.
People of vata type have fewer tendencies to mucus secretion in the lungs and to heart pressure problems, but they are more sensitive and have easily exitable nervous system and have problems with blood circulation. According to Ayurveda principles, each dosha manifests its activity twice a day, changing every four hours. While practicing pranayama you should avoid drafts, because the body gets warm and it is easy to get cold.
The method of Universal Yoga by Andrey Lappa offers a variety of asanas for the arms, which included in the regular practice can restore the balance in the body.
It follows that the shoulder joint is designed as a hemisphere-the hollow – which is the most mobile type of a joint (along with the hip joint). Spheroid articular surface which goes narrowing annularly – that is an anatomical cervix.
The body resembles a shape of a cylinder in the top and a triangular shape in the context of the bottom. The lower end widens into the scapula which constitutes of joint surfaces connected with the bones of the forearm creating the elbow joint. In this way we see that the shoulder actually consists of the three joints which are connected with the important planes of sliding. There are hypothetical planes and axes that can be drawn inside the human body and any organ can be characterized according to those lines. One horizontal (lateral) plane, which is drawn parallel to the horizon line divides the body of a standing person vertically into the upper and lower parts. Vertical (lateral and oriented alongside the body) goes downwards and is located on the intersection of the frontal and sagital planes. Frontal (transversal and oriented from right to left) is located in the horizontal plane and its direction is identical to the frontal plane.
Sagital (located in the front to back direction) – can be found in the horizontal plane and its direction coincides the sagital plane. Neutral position – the position of the body when the arms are hanging down alongside the body.
In Universal Yoga a simplified scheme of directions of mobility of the major joints is used.
Shank-prakshalana is a powerful cleansing procedure, which provides diverse health effects.
Let us start with discussing procedure technique, which is performed by drinking several glasses of salt water, followed by exercises to push hypertonic solution through the gastro-intestinal tract (GIT). Prior shank-prakshalana procedure one should abstain for 1-2 days from protein and heavily digested food.
Shank-prakshalana best done on an empty stomach, so a perfect time to perform the procedure is morning right after waking up. During the first phase we drink 4 glasses, alternating with a series of exercises after each glass.
If the fourth glass is not followed be defecation, you need to drink two glasses, mixing with exercises.
Therefore, you should take your time and have a little rest, if there is still no urge for defecation after the sixth glass.
If all these measures had no effect and there is no urgency, do the enema volume of 800-1000 ml, lying on his left side. The toilet should be prepared in advance with a bottle of fresh water, rich cream and a towel, so that after each depletion you could wash and cream perianal folds. So, you go on with the process by performing a series of exercises after each glass and visiting toilet. Finally, when you are sure that water that comes out is clear and clean, the process can be finished.
Stop taking the solution, you have to suspend activated motility of the digestive tract, return it to a balanced state. For the whole day avoid physical activities, meals should consist of cereals, boiled and stewed vegetables. To populate intestinal with microflora (especially in case of intestinal dysbiosis) you should conduct a course intake of eubiotics - preparations containing lactobacillus and bifidobacteria for 2-4 weeks.
The work of intestine is regulated by a very unique section of the nervous system called metasimpathetic or enteric nervous system. MHC is responsible for coordination of many structures of gastrointestinal tract - the blood vessels, smooth muscle motor structures, etc. In contrast to the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems, tightly controlled from the top and subordinated to CNS, metasimpathetic system runs almost autonomously and in line with own programs.
Under normal circumstances, the intestine nervous system (especially its regulating motor activity) is autonomous. Under the influence of various negative factors, such as chronic stress, irregular and improper nutrition, intestinal microflora generates various pathological reflexes of different levels. Shankprakshalana effects variy and can not be reduced to a mere mechanical release from intestinal feces. I witnessed of how indigestion problems persisted for one, two or more years of regular practice of asanas, Nauli, agnisara-dhauti and proper nutrition. Gallbladder, bile duct system, a complicated scheme of circulation of bile acids play an important role in digestion.
In addition to the original neural regulation, intestine has another interesting and important feature - its population.
From the large number of microorganisms, continuously entering the human digestive tract, only certain types of bacteria found favourable conditions for existence, in the course of a long evolution, they dug in and created intestinal permanent flora associated with close ties to the body. Intestinal microbial biocenosis has a complex hierarchical structure, a variety of inter-species relationships. Of course, changes in the composition and properties of the intestinal microflora leadto deviation in neighboring systems. It is not always easy to cope with intestinal dysbiosis by means of modern conventional medicine methods. All methods of hatha yoga when used correctly and in the right situation, have a powerful healing effect, sometimes exceeding all expectations. Shank- prakshalana is contraindicated in any acute exacerbations and chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, biliary disease, adhesions in the abdominal cavity, intestinal and stomach bleeding, during menstruation and pregnancy, increased blood clotting.
Mukti: And in Hinduism, Buddha was considered a reincarnation of Vishnu, as one of the 12 reincarnations.
Mukti: I believe that the folk art as valuable as any sophisticated medicine out there, and I can be very confident with my statement because of my experience.
Than she herself went to Ohashi institute and another massage school as she was continuing as a ballet teacher.
Episode Description: Trudy Goodman is Executive Director and Founder of InsightLA, a non-profit organization for vipassana meditation training and secular mindfulness education.
Episode Description: This week we speak to vipassana meditation teacher, and psychotherapist Trudy Goodman. Aditya Nain, who teaches philosophy in Pune, India, argues for a central difference between how the Buddhist and how the Stoic approaches thoughts. I’d like to share what might be called a difficulty I face in my attempts to cultivate Stoic dispositions, or to live everyday life according to the guidelines offered by Epictetus. Buddhist vipassana, translated these days as mindfulness, is more accurately, ‘mindlessness’.
This difference between the two is extremely important because for a vipassana practitioner, to counter one impression with another, is an act of suppression and will lead to the emergence of the impression at another point and possibly in another form. The result of this aspect of both techniques can be seen in the dichotomies that the stoics work with, i.e.
Aditya is the faculty head of the SSLA International Cell and the SSLA Admissions team, as well as coordinator of Website and Online Activities. And as I remained thus heedful, ardent, & resolute, thinking imbued with sensuality arose in me. Your point is interesting but I think the differences between how Buddhism and Stoicism view emotions are arbitrary. You have two methods to deal with the same problem, or you could just ignore the pain until it goes away or becomes a real problem. And then, what we are calling Stoicism is a package of insights and arguments from a range of thinkers across several generations.
There are certainly major differences between Buddhism and Stoicism, but I’m not sure that how one manages thoughts is one of them.
But what if you took a Stoic approach, and countered your impressions as they occurred to you.
I’m not sure it is right to suggest that Stoicism proposes a head on collision with one’s impressions, although I acknowledge that Epictetus does sometimes use this sort of language.
The beginning student of Stoicism will need to remain vigilant about all impressions insofar as all of them are likely to be tainted, but the Stoic sage, having overcome such bad habits, will be able to mindlessly observe his pure, first impressions without a fight. Of course there may well be other important differences between Stoicism and Buddhism, and I’m not qualified to comment on the Buddhist side of things, but on this point I think the two traditions can be brought closer together. In Thailand Meditation Centers there are 2 types of meditation practiced, Vipassana and Samatha. This Thailand meditation guide will try to outline the differences between Vipassana and Samatha meditation practice. Because of the close connection between Buddhism and meditation, we are often asked if meditation can be practiced by non Buddhists.
In reality, there are more similarities than differences between the two types of meditation.
Whilst it is not essential to visit a meditation center in order to meditate, meaningful meditation can only be carried out in a quiet and peaceful place. By learning to remain balanced in the face of everything experienced inside, one develops detachment towards all that one encounters in external situations as well.
When I talked to Trungpa Rinpoche about the difference between Vipassana and Vajrasattva, he said “Do either one.
Episode Description: Lama Karma (Justin Wall) graduated from Columbia University with degrees in Religious Studies and Literature and has been practicing Buddhism for over 12 years. Episode Description: Noah Levine, author of Dharma Punx and Against The Stream, is a Buddhist teacher, author and counselor. Episode Description: Theo Horesh is a social entrepreneur, philosopher, and author of two books of global social psychology. Episode Description: Jessica Morey is the Executive Director of Inward Bound Mindfulness Education (iBme). Episode Description: Stephen Batchelor is a contemporary Buddhist teacher and writer, best known for his secular or agnostic approach to Buddhism. Episode Description: Scott Snibbe is a pioneering digital artist and entrepreneur whose work includes interactive apps, videos, and installations. Episode Description: Jake Davis is a philosopher and Buddhist practitioner and David Vago is a Contemplative neuroscientist. There are two levels of keeping Sila (Moral Precepts) – one is real, and the other is forced, and imaginary (Not Manifest).
Ajarn Spencer has prepared a Casual 12 Minute Talk in Podcast to cover this topic, and hopefully reveal the difference between enforced rule keeping, and Manifest Virtue.
There is a big difference between Self Restraint (Enforced Rule Keeping), and Truly Manifest Virtue (Absence of Instincts wich need to be Restrained).
Sila practice has therefore the first level of Restraint, and the Second level, which is Manifest Virtue, with no Defilement present in need of restraint. One of the most Important aspects of Sila practice, is to become aware of the fact that the heart is full of Non-Virtuous Intentions and Instincts, because it is only possible to get rid of a problem, if one becomes aware of the existence of the problem. Mindfulness practice, is all about consciously noticing what is happening within and without. I undertake the training rule to abstain from liquors, wines, and other intoxicants, which are the basis for heedlessness.
If we are practicing Abstention, then this Implies that the desire to do the thing we are restraining ourself from, still exists.
So, if we have attained purity by anihillating the Non-Virtuous Instincts and desire to Lie, Kill, Steal, Speak Ill of Others, Perversions, Intoxication etc, then we are no longer abstaining.
Until we develop the true need and will and desire to anihillate the false view of a self that is separate and the center of the universe, we will not stand a chance of Enlightenment. This entry was posted in All Posts, Vipassana and tagged Dhamma Talks, Kammathana, Sila, taking precepts on July 30, 2015 by admin.
Thai Buddhist Arts Online Project – Thai Buddhist Art is one of the most wide ranging Cultural Forms of Artistic Expression, and one of the Worlds Richest Sources of Buddhist Fine Arts. In other types of pranayama an inhalation influences the length, quality and rhythm of an exhalation, but in bhastrika it is an exhalation that dictates force and tiempo.
As the sound decreases, stop and start again, or lessen number of blow-throughs and cycles, or make a pause in a practice for one day.
Stop the practice when the sound of an exhalation is incorrect or blows-through do not go properly. People with weak body constitution or limited capacities of the lungs should not try to practice bhastrika or kapalabhati, as their blood vessels and brain may run risks.
Choose a comfortable position; keep your back straight, breath as deep as you can, control the surface of the abdomen. Acceleration of blood and prana circulation in brain influences ajna-chakra and sahasrara-chakra. For comparison, a healthy person in a quiesent state normaly makes 12-15 cycles per minute (without taking into consideration advanced yogis who have twice less rates).
All this says about the fact that nervious cells experience a hypoxical stress of varying degrees of severity.
The scale of their effects is rather wide, level of hypoxia can be very low and gradually araised, as it happens in the case of heavy breathing (ujjayi) and prolongation of breathing cycle (full breathing, bhramari, brahma-mudra pranayama).
Bhastrika influences not only a respiratory apparatus but other, connected to it, body systems.
There is a vice versa connection – manipulations with respiration influence vegetative tonus and other body systems. That is the reason why bhastrika is contraindicative in cases of cardio-vascular diseases of hypertensive type, atherosclerosis, and thrombophlebitis, high and low blood tension.
Efficiency of gas exchange depends on at what extend the capillary net of the lungs is activised, as gases are transported from alveolar air into capillaries and vice versa. Due to peristalsis stimulation of ciliated epithelium covering the lungs, the lungs are cleared from the excess of mucus that blocks respiration and causes stagnation, creating a favourable enviorement for bacteria growth. It is linked to the fact that not just the lungs are getting cleared from mucus, but also reserve capillaries are getting expanded, their tone decreases due to obligatory prolonged retention after each round of hyperventilation. For improving blood circulation in a small blood circle and improvement of capillaries of the lungs.
In 6 months of practice the volume of the lungs distinctly grows up; in one-two years, when training results become stable, bhastrika is fulfilled from time to time. With the lungs filled up to the maximum it is possible to get 50-70 breathing cycles per minute, but not more, as with higher speed it is not possible to keep the achieved amplitude of the movement. It helps, on the one hand, to avoid negative consequences from workload on cardio-vascular system; on the other hand, it trains the capacity of long isometric contraction of the lungs during retentions on exhalation.
Parallel to it you can start studing uddiyana-bandha (retention after exhalation with a deep retraction of the abdomen) – for stretching diafragma, kapalabhati and a very simple bhastrika-vjayama with retention on inhalation, where the chest is mainly involved. In adjagri throwing out the abdomen with mula bandha on retention after inhalation and uddiyana-bandha on retention after exhalation are alternately done.
In Ayurveda context, agni, the energy of transformation, means methabolism in all its manifestations – digestion of the food, substancies exchange, thermoregulation, destroyement of viruses.

Methabolic tendencies derived by human constitution are kept through out the whole life; but variations of agni happen at change of place of living and climate, change of seasons and age changes. Bhastrika quickly warms them up, provoking digestive problems and problems of cardio-vascular system; that is why it is not recommended in a hot summer seson.
In a whole, dietic recommendations are simple – after pranayama practice when you feel hunger, sweet (neutral in its taste), nutritional, heavy, oily food is recommended. If one includes these asanas in his practice the feeling of development throughout the body will become more even after such practice.
The shape of the joints may vary, but the most important joints of the body resemble simple mechanical systems. But unlike the hip joint, it has low congruence which makes it the most mobile of all the joints in the human body.
People who are unfamiliar with anatomy usually apply this name to the shoulder (or the vane-shoulder) joint – the joint which attaches the bone of the shoulder to the shoulder blade. The shoulder girdle constitutes of the scapulas in the back, collar bones in the front and the brisket in the middle.
The sternum consists of three parts: the handle of the sternum, the body of the sternum and the xiphoid process. The shape of the surfaces allows gliding, opening and closing of the angle which the two bones form. The inner plane of the prism is covered with the sternal articular surface which is concaved from front to back and bossed vertically. If the sagital plane movers directly through the middle of the body it is then called a median or the middle (see the picture). Some joints may move in all directions listed above, and some can only move in limited directions.
In any case, in recent years, physiology and clinical medicine has been giving increasing importance to the correct operation of the intestine, and draws parallels between many diseases and the processes that occur in the lower digestive tract.
The whole procedure is performed until only clear liquid is coming out and leads to a radical cleaning and washing of the entire digestive tract, especially the intestines.
It is recommended that during these days a diet consisted of porridges and boiled vegetables. After the usual hygiene procedures several series of agnisara-dhauti-kriya can be performed, followed by the procedure of SHP. It is important to avoid common beginner mistake, when they start making a saturated solution. It is best to add ½ tsp of magnesium sulfate to the first liter of water (magnesium sulfate is sold in drugstores in the form of small crystals). The first stage consists of alternating drinking the solution with physical exercises (described below). Lie down on the stomach and take hands flat on the floor beside the chest, pressing hands on the floor, raise the head, shoulders and chest (Bhujangasana). Usually in final stage water is clear, but has a pronounced yellow tint caused by the active output of bile from the gall bladder. To do this, drink a small amount (half a cup) of fresh water, and press on the tongue, causing mild gag reflex (spewing out water is not necessary, only a light gagging to slightly reverse the process and stop the active promotion of the contents of the digestive tract). Don’t keep your digestive system empty for more than 30 minutes as the enzyme activity is activated and you have to give it a substrate for digestion. Entire autonomic nervous system (ANS), which regulates internal organs, is divided into three sections. MHC consists of about the same number of neurons as there are in the spinal cord - about 10 * 8, and they are located in muscle and submucosal layers of gastrointestinal tract. CNS has a certain influence on the work of MHC, but it basically comes down to the modulation of its activity. Role of metasimpathetic innervation is much more important than that of sympathetic and parasympathetic. Some are provided by metasimpathetic innervation and formed at guts, the second turn in the sympathetic nodes, and some have a spinal or central level. Hypertonic solution, which is a natural laxative, the gradient of osmotic pressure sucks up water from the surrounding tissues of the intestine. But Shank-prakshalana waspowerful enough to make intestine work, as if waking up, as if there was something to include. More than 500 species of microorganisms populate large intestine, the total mass of the population in an adult is about three kilos. This innumerable army continuously performs a great job, aimed not only to digest the food (as previously thought), the entire population of intestinal microbes influence the immune status of the body, in recent years revealed more and more details about the relationship of intestinal biocenosis with hematopoietic, cardiovascular and other systems.
Microbial balance disorders may be caused by a number of reasons - antibiotic therapy, inadequate bowel movements, feeding habits, recent studies demonstrated connection of microbial landscape with environmental situation. Complex treatment regimen may include courses of antibiotics to suppress the abnormal microflora, which are replaced by attempts to colonize the intestine desired species of bacteria.
Adult intestinal microbial population can be divided into two populations - luminal, which lives in the bowel lumen and wall, found in the mucus covering the villi of the intestinal epithelium. Intestinal microorganisms colonization requires protein food exclusion for three to four days. Carried out improperly, and even more so - in the presence of contraindications, Kriya Hatha Yoga cleaning techniques can inflict significant damage. It should be remembered that Schank-prakshalana has a powerful impact not only on the digestive tract, but also on the entire body, so before Shank-prakshalana it is highly advisable to consult with a specialist in hatha yoga or ayurveda.
You told me that it is not just one of the schools of Thai massage but something more than that. I don't want to compare myself with anything grandiose, but if you ask Mozart what style is he representing, he would not be able to define it. First one - very traditional very strict, where we should study particular sequences and we have no right to change them, and we should master them year by year and then may be give our disciples the same sequence.
Also I became the top instructor in Association called ITTA, International Thai Therapy Association. And I don't remember all of them, but one of them is suffering, the other one is money, than goes knowledge and there is something else. He was not my first teacher, probably - 3rd, but I gravitated to him because he was a martial artist also. And my next question is, how important Asian bodywork and in general folk medicine for a modern western society is?
Aside from what I have read, beside from what I have heard from other people saying abut the Rockefeller’s controlling the medical Universities and all of that. We can see two paths: in the west, previously in Christian culture the sexuality was mostly suppressed. She teaches extensively in the field of meditation and psychotherapy at conferences and retreats nationwide. Trudy completes the story of her early Zen days, and also describes how she transitioned into becoming a vipassana teacher. Trudy shares how she got into both Buddhist meditation and psychotherapy, and uses her story to illustrate the powerful ways that these different methods can compliment one another. Epictetus and Buddhism share a lot in common and since I have some experience with Buddhist meditation and have been familiar with Buddhism longer that I have with Epictetus, I tend to compare them, often without realising it.
Stoic practice, on the other hand, is truly mindful, and therefore can be characterised as mindfulness.
Aditya Nain has completed his MA in Philosophy from the University of Pune and holds a Diploma in Finance from the University of London (International Programmes). As an academic studying Stoicism who practices Buddhist meditation, I’ve often thought of the similarities and differences between the two, and I think your essay points towards the key distinction between the two on a practical level. For me Stoic Mindfulness fits well with my Christianity and enriches and enhances my practice. I’m concerned about a tendency to turn Stoicism too quickly into a methodology, even though it may have developed as a range of methods in the time of its genesis.
I consider myself primarily a (secular) Buddhist, but Stoicism plugs in quite nicely to the sila portion of my practice. I don’t quite agree with your account of the Buddhist practice of responding to pain. For example I spent an hour in the dentist’s chair last Thursday, which was basically pain free but not much fun.
However I don’t think the difference between Stoicism and Buddhism is quite as strong as you suggest on this particular topic.
What Epictetus wants us to counter are our own (mistaken) value judgements that we implicitly insert into impressions. My question is: is it not that being mindfull of pain and all the thoughts and emotions about this pain, learns one to become aware that all conditioned phenomena are impermanent, unsatisfactory and not-self? Vipassana meditation is also known as Insight meditation and Samatha meditation is referred to as Concentration meditation.
The fundamental difference is that Samatha meditation trains the mind to focus on a single object whilst Vipassana meditation teaches the mind to become aware of and concentrate on whatever object or thought enters the mind.
In this modern world of television and mobile phones, this atmosphere may be difficult to create so many people, both Thai and non Thai, will frequently choose to go to one of the many meditation centers in Thailand for a day or two or in some cases up to one month. He never established or taught any religion, any “ism.” He never instructed those who came to him to practice any rites or rituals, any empty formalities. He was indirectly a teacher and mentor of mine, and inspiration to thousands of meditators worldwide.
He has been meditating for over 25 years and has spent the last 10 intensively studying the world. He is especially concerned about social and ecological issues, and believes there is an important parallel between what Buddhism says about our personal predicament and our collective predicament today in relation to the rest of the biosphere. He’s been an invited speaker at Oxford, Stanford, and Harvard, and taught in meditation centers worldwide. He considers Buddhism to be a constantly evolving culture of awakening rather than a religious system based on immutable dogmas and beliefs.
He practices in the Tibetan Buddhist tradition, and his art is frequently informed by his spiritual practice.
True Sila, has no need to exercise restraint, because no defilement is present to restrain.
We are just Impure Unenlightened Beings, full of Defilement, but who are restraining themselves, by behaving. With Sila practice, one should notice consciously how much pure and impure elements of mind are present when putting oneself through self restraint, and concluding how far away one is in one’s practice, from truly manifest Sila, and how much remains mere self restraint. Being Awakened, is also about being Consciously Aware of within and without in the present moment. We only need t abstain if we have the desire and intentions to perform actions which are not Auspicious. It should make you aware of the fact that the only reason you are not making Inauspicious karma, is that you are exercising self restraint. One has to develop the wish and the need and the will power to renounce Non-Virtuous Thoughts and Intentions. As too quick kindling blows up an engine or a boiler, as too prolonged bhastrika endangers the lungs and exhausts respiratory system because the process of breathing is too intensive. Many people have a wrong understanding thinking that bhastrika pranayama awakens kundalini-shakti.
Carbone dioxide is not toxic, it is a part of the blood, but it should be kept in a certain and constant quantity.
Done incorrectly bhastrika can negatively influence the work of the heart (for example, it can cause arrhythmia) or the lungs.
More distinct and controlled hypoxia may be achieved with the help of breathing retention – on inhalation, exhalation, half-inhalation, and half-exhalation and so on. Strong and quick movements of the chest and diafragma which are characteristics to bhastrika stimulate sympathetic nerves in the part of the chest, that in its turn stimulate the work of the heart and the lungs. The other aspect of bhastrika’s influence is a reflective stimulation of organs of sense. In spite of the fact that blood circulation increases due to the work of respiratory muscles, frequency of heart contractions increases because sympathetic system is activised, it is important to remember and use compensation techniques. Developing mobility of the chest, bhastrika actively trains respiratory muscles, strength and flexibility of the muscles, increases vital volume of the lungs, (vital capacity), which is one of the main criterium of the overall condition of the apparatus of external respiration.
With longterm pranayama practice bhastrika and kapalabhati stop making any significance, as effects from these techniques important at the beginning are fully replaced by other pranayamas. Full bhastrika – purna bhastrika - that involves all respiratory muscles is difficult for the beginners. There are no such techniques in Shivananda school; at preparatory stage they use kapalabhati and vibhagya-pranayamas, purna bhastrika is used to be done in sitting position, preferably in padmasana, based on full yogic breathing. Those can be not only rotations, but other movements of the arms and the body that stretch the chest and improve the flexibility of the floating ribs, sternum and shoulders. Connected with that it is not recommended to strengthen agni during the hours of active pitta – at midday or midnight (eccessive agni leads to dysfunction of digestion). It should not be too hot (more than +25) or too cold (less than +15) in a room or outside if you practice in an open air. In the 2-29 sutra asanas are mentioned as one on the eight steps of development on the path of yoga. You can see that at a certain structure of the acromion, bending to an angle of 180 degrees (for example, in a  downward-facing dog position) or more than 180 degrees is difficult to execute. But the shoulder blade itself is a rotating platform connected with the sternum and the clavicle. It intercommunicates with the first costal cartilage and the upper part of the sternum (the handle of the sternum), where the sternal articular is located but designed in an opposite way. It is becoming clear that the state of the intestinal microflora and its functional activity depends on our mood and health. Overly salty water creates a high osmotic pressure in the intestines, leading to absorption of fluid from the bloodstream into the intestine, reducing blood volume and total dehydration. Magnesium creates a laxative and cholagogic effect, which facilitates the procedure and makes it more efficient. Twist the upper body to the right side, wrapping the right arm behind the waist and the left hand onto the right shoulder, then repeat to the left side. Rotate shoulders, straighten one arm and slightly bend the other, looking over the shoulder to the opposite heel. Put the left knee to the floor, twist trunk to the right, right knee raise up, press the right thigh to the abdomen. It is possible that the solution has had its laxative effect, and then you proceed, visiting the toilet after each glass and a series of exercises.
Perform simple inverted asanas (Viparita-Karani Mudra), gently massage abdomen (clockwise, following the large intestine).
For the next hour, most likely, you have to visit the toilet for 2-3 times, which is normal.
The problems solved by the first two - the sympathetic and parasympathetic - are widely known. The overwhelming majority of reactions and MHC programmed acts lay within itself, parts of neural circuits do not go beyond the gastrointestinal tract, and the links of the receptor portion to motor neuron, move elements intestinal smooth muscle, often do not go to the spinal level, not to mention the level higher autonomic centers of the brain.
All these reflections fix abnormal, pathological intestinal reactions: spasm of its individual parts, chronic lethargy or hyperactivity. As a result the inner lumen of the intestine gets filled; a series of exercises which are of mainly twisting character, provide intense intestine massage throughout its duration. Flaccidity of the gallbladder leads to it untimely emptying, the stagnation of bile, which in turn may form stones in the cavity of the gall bladder.
It becomes clear that the intestinal microflora is a kind of body, an integral link in the general homeostasis. If there are already related disorders of intestinal motility, it becomes even more difficult to restore normal microbial balance. Carbohydrate-fat diet will give the substrate required for the growth of bifidobacteria and lactic acid bacterial populations that form the basis of healthy intestinal microflora.
So also we deal with marmas, chakras, nadis and also use pranayam, breath consciousness, but most people know it as a Thai massage or Thai bodywork. So mostly what you are seeing is 35 years of my style and of course the influence of being in Hare Krishna with Shrila Prabhupad and all of that, because we were not just talking about the Vedic culture, we were living it.
And then I traveled to San Francisco and I went to the Anma Institute and then I am just doing bodywork all the time. And despite the fact that 300 000 people lost their lives last year because MPS prescribed medications and 2 million people were permanently disabled, aside from all of that I know from working with people, who were going through a variety of different challenges, I know that what this art is producing is equal to anything else out there.
Then pop culture came and we see a lot of sexuality in movies and magazines, but it’s not a sacred sexuality, it is very primitive. She also shares some of her training in psychology, wherein she studied with the famous child developmentalist, Jean Piaget in France. As these comparisons continued to crop us every now and then, I realised some fundamental differences in practice. For a practitioner, this is an enormous difference that strikes at the heart of Buddhist or Stoic practice and results in practical difficulties. Both schools accept a real difference between a phenomena, its subjective experience and judgments arising as a result of it. The Buddhists on the other hand, in the effort to keep the unity of the experience, do not make these distinctions and do not look at the individual as a mind body complex at all.
It may just turn out that the capabilities achieved through rigorous practice of each are the same. Whenever thinking imbued with ill will had arisen, I simply abandoned it, dispelled it, wiped it out of existence.
Thanks for thinking this through, and realizing there are still unanswered questions to be worked on. But I too have always been interested in Buddhist Meditation and your post resonated with me. A question arising is whether Stoicism is closer to Buddhism than we are inclined to expect.
Countering is I guess a method – but when it becomes a methodology, it risks being reduced to a glib technique.
Vipassana is a particular take on Buddhism, one that de-emphasises rational reflection and directed thought, which have a central role in most Buddhist practice. The teaching on vedana (one of the skhandas you mention) tells us that experience is always pleasant, unpleasant or neutral.

As I remember it, when it grew uncomfortable I would use some probably amateurish vipassana to reduce my emotional engagement, then use the space that gave me to do some even more home-grown Stoic-style talk-back to help me find a positive view of the situation; repeating as necessary. A pure impression, accurately reflecting the way things are, we can simply observe, as the Buddhist would. A similar account can be found in Epictetus himself, albeit in a fragment from the now lost fifth book of the Discourses preserved by Aulus Gellius (19.1 = Epictetus fr. Concentration meditation was practiced long before Buddhism was established but Insight meditation is a Buddhist introduction.
Vipassana meditation therefore includes concentration but takes meditation practice a bit further than Samatha meditation. Meditation brings them a greater awareness in their normal lives and increases their wisdom in their thoughts, words and actions. Goenka was a pioneer in making Vipassana meditation widely available to a secular audience. Those who regularly practice Vipassana become more sensitive to the sufferings of others and do their utmost to relieve suffering in whatever way they can—not with any agitation, but with a mind full of love, compassion, and equanimity. Her published works range from the chapter “Ordinary Awakening” in Blue Jean Buddha to Conflict Resolution of the Boruca Hydro-Energy Project: Renewable Energy Production in Costa Rica.
In this episode, Scott joins host Vincent Horn for an intimate conversation about Scott’s art & contemplative practice. In this episode David and Jake conclude a conversation with host Vincent Horn concerning the scientific investigation of states of Enlightenment. Becoming Aware with Mindfulness is an important prerequisite to develping the qualities of mind necessary to be able to remove Non-Virtuous Instincts to Act (Purify the Heart of Defilement). Vipassana Practice is designed to Awaken the Mind, and pull it out of the Dream-Thinking State. One should become aware that one is Impure, and that should spur the disappointment with oneself, and the realisation that selfishness, is not something to nurture and cherish, rather, one’s own enemy, and must be removed and aihillated.
As every yoga teacher respecting himself gives to his students a stimulus to practice, he filters information in accordance with his representation system and delivers it correspondingly in an actual for his auditorium context. Authoritative books affirm the same concerning many pranayamas and asanas, but it is far from the truth. Damage of nervic connections and their reorder, probably, are favourable factors for treating psychic disorders, cronical depression and so on, but consequences of hypoxia’ influence on nervic cells are still an open question.
All these techniques have one general characteristic – quantity of oxygen in blood goes down, quantity of carbon dioxide goes up. Respiration influences a great variety of receptors of olfactory bulbs, and in bhastrika this influence ten times more intensive compared to normal breathing. Regular workload of blood vessels leads to expansion of the vascular net and increase of capillaries in the lungs that further helps to achieve progress in pranayama practice.
Pressure and movement of digestive organs improve their functioning and blood circulation inside. Bandhas, due to reflex action, activate parasympathetic system – lowering frequency of heart beats, tension, rhythm and depth of breathing, muscle tone, by thus balancing the condition of autonomic nervous system. For example, combination of the retention on inhalation with a slight bend backwards (without throwing the head back!) and taking arms back flattens the chest, and makes difficulty for retention, and thus makes intercostal muscles to work actively.
The room should be clean, well ventilated and rather quiet; without any buzzing or other bloodsucking or crawling insects. Much attention is devoted to the asanas for the extremities of the body – arms, legs and the head. Such design of the joint can be compared to a rider in the saddle as it allows movement in three planes.
Considering individual techniques and entire system of hatha yoga in general, showes that ancient Indians captured the gist. In addition, adding a lemon can facilitate the process (about a quarter of a lemon per liter). Usually the first few glasses of the solution are not accompanied by an urgent call to stool. Do side bends with body, pelvis and legs in the same plane, stretch both side of the body, trying to move only the middle part of the body (in the region of stomach and duodenum). Turn thehead fully to the right to look behind, fixing pelvis and legs, so that the maximum twisting occurred in the abdomen. This approach often leads to spontaneous dhauti vamana, and the entire solution regurgitates from where it has entered. The third section - enteral or metasimpathetic nervous system (MHC) - mentioned less often, though worthy, at least in light of the analysis of the physiological effects of prakshalana. Such organization provides continuous monitoring, coordination and regulation of intestinal muscle activity at different sites.
Shank-prakshalana has a strong choleretic effect, contributing to the emptying of the gallbladder and ducts, eliminating congestion. The only distinction is that we are honoring not just Jivaka Kumara who was 2500 years ago, we are honoring the one, who he was probably honoring - Shree Danvantari, who is a medical incarnation of Vishnu. But in the belief system that Hindus use he was actually conscientiously tricking people, and in a sense it kind of looks that way.
The second one, which we can find in the west, is based on improvisation, intuition more than some particular strict tradition. You are Shivait, I am a Vaishnava, we love each other, and we are not going to polarize each other. And all that I remember is that he started the massage and I don't remember anything else.
Do you think that medical organizations are trying to suppress folk medicine development, because they are so interested in pharmacology business, they control the business and they are not interested in people starting to heal themselves? It’s just as if we were on bottom of the totem pole, yoga is on the bottom of the totem pole as well. In the east we can also see, mostly in society, that sexuality is suppressed, but there are ancient scriptures that describe sacred sexuality. The mind body complex gives way to the five skandhas, each of which is integral to the completion of the entire picture of the individual.
When they make their way into your thoughts, through the sympathetic link between the mind and body, don’t try to resist the temptation. If countering works to open things up, throw thoughts into question, it might be working in ways analogous to the Zen koan.
To cite just two of the best known teachings, Right View is the first stage of the eightfold path, and wisdom, as part of the Threefold Way has three levels: hearing, reflecting and realising. So my experience was that while the two practices are indeed distinct, they were, in this case at least, complementary rather than exclusive. It is only those impressions that, by the time they are presented to the rational mind, have been augmented by our own judgement that we must counter and remain vigilant about. It is said that the Lord Buddha achieved Nirvana after studying Vipassana meditation having found Samatha meditation unsatisfactory. Whilst meditation in Thailand is a common practice, it is only fairly recently that meditation has become popular in the West, perhaps because of the ever increasing stress of daily life and a new awareness for self understanding. They learn holy indifference—how to be fully committed, fully involved in helping others, while at the same time maintaining balance of mind. A Cow is Vegetarian from birth, and so has no Virtue in not eating Meat, for their is no Merit of Effort in Abstention. It concerns all the teachers without exception; it does not depend on their experience and authority.
There is no doubt that bhastrika and kapalabhati refresh the mind and agitate it for activity, but if people think that by that they awaken their kundalini, in a result thay can damage their body, nerves and brains. In bhastrika, as well as kapalabhati, percentage of exhaled CO2 increases and correspondently its percentage in blood decreases. An adult person (having 0.5 litres of breathing volume and 14 breathing movements in a minute) passes through his lungs 7 litres of air per minute.
In such a case oxygen in blood during breathing retention continues to get absorbed by tissues; more over, oxygen is absorbed even better than with normal breathing. A nonspecific signal of irritation goes to the brain and is distributed to different parts of cortex by the cells of reticular formation strengthening vividity and brightness of perception.
A serious restriction that limits full movement of diafragma are chronic constipations, that can be treated by basti practices, abdomen manipulations and normalization of nutrition.
To avoid typical mistakes and side effects linked to high workload on cardio vascular and respiratory systems, you should master to coordinate and optimize the work of all respiratory muscles. In general any variant of vjayamas fulfilled with retention of breathing increase oxygen consumption and hypoxic workload, but should be done with caution as they eventually increase tension and are restricted in cases of cardio-vascular disorders. Low methabolism (manda agni) leads to the development of diseases connected with kapha-dosha disbalance. That position had to be done in order to study and perfect your mind with the help of concentration and meditation techniques. This means that in this period asanas were already used for the purification of the body and the support of its active state. The movements which the clavicle can perform include alienation, approximation, ascendancy, decendancy and two rotations around its central axis.
The capsule is attached to the articular circumference and to the scapula and around the circumference of the head of the humeral bone. Applying certain kriyas and procedures, as well as through regular and balanced asana practice we can make a work of intestines and other parts of the digestive tract consistent, regular and efficient.
Then visits to a toilet are added to the scheme and it becomes glass - exercise - toilet - glass - exercise - toilet. It is believed that exercise promotes an opening of pyloric sphincter and passage of the solution from stomach into duodenum.
Similarly, you can do the exercise from urdhva mukha shvanasana (you can put toes on the floor.) It is believed that this technique promotes the solution in the lower part of the small intestine and the transition from thin to thick. As a result, the conditions for the restoration of normal reflex chains already incorporated in the genomes of the MNF, and allowing re-implement healthy gut reaction, its adequate and regular work in the future. If we look at the king and queen of Thailand, they have Ram in their name and also their most beloved city is Ayudhia. One of them was a top psychiatric nurse at Carrier Clinic in New Jersey by Princeton University. But we are celebrating right now because the totem pole is lying on its side, and its all equal.
Epictetus asks you to keep handy a reflection that would immediately counter the experience ­as­ pain.
These passages in Epictetus also bring out the distinction between i) pure, first impressions and ii) tainted, judgement-laden impressions. He also stated that Vipassana meditation was essential for those people wishing to reach Nirvana. In this way they remain peaceful and happy while working for the peace and happiness of others.
But when wisdom arises—the wisdom of observing reality as it is—this habit of reacting falls away. It is necessary to see and recognise the presence of defilement, in order to be able to remove it.
Pranic flow starts to move in sushumna (central channel) activating psychic centers in a human body. It happends due to a longer contact of oxygen with hemoglobin and due to increase of cell membrane permeability to oxygen, as a result of small vessels’ expansion influenced by carbon dioxid. There are some other restrictions as internal organs and blood circulation system are actively influenced.
The best time for pranayama and shatkarmas is before and after the sunrise, at vata time, that goes into the peak of kapha activity. Final stage of the scheme takes the form of glass - toilet - glass - toilet, because there is no time left for the exercise.
No, in your whole spirit you know it’s the end of the line - there is nothing else beyond this.
So what is your opinion about it, how to balance them, or what is more important - which approach is more suitable for Asian culture or western culture? But I just remember that I had such a profound sense of rest and such a profound sense of positive something that I just knew that there was something behind it. We have many people choosing yoga to help themselves with different disorders instead of surgery for example.
Epictetus asks one always to keep one’s mind ready to counter any impressions that may arise or one may be presented with.
The Buddhist technique (after realising the difference between experience and experience­as­pain), aims to divorce the pain­aspect, while yet keeping the unity of the experience as a whole. The first we can simply observe as a Buddhist would; it is only the second that we must counter. When we cease to react blindly, then we are capable of real action—action proceeding from a balanced mind, a mind which sees and understands the truth. Iyengar and Andre Van Lysebeth –, who represent different schools of modern hatha yoga. With practice elasticity of the lungs improves and it helps to fulfill bhastrika without a minimum risk. In bhastrika the speed and depth of breathing are the maximum; already after 15-20 breathing cycles you can feel warmth and sweat which are characteristics of accelerating methabolism. Level of hypoxia increases gradually, and arising sensations serve a natural limiter of retention, preventing injuries, while at arbitrary hyperventilation it is easy to go over that limit, as researches of hyperventilation’s influence on apnoe duration among the divers show. It is logic also, because it is easier to wake up during the peak of vata activity – nervious system during this period is very sensitive and balanced, and the organism is relaxed after the sleep. But if we look at a human being as a whole system and asanas as a method of purification of the body on the physical and energetic levels (the work with the nadi chanels and marmas) we can assume that in order to reach a balanced condition, equal amount of time has to be devoted to all body parts! In a way it was very fortunate for me, because I got to represent that feeling for people now.
I don’t like to call it Thai Yoga bodywork or Thai Yoga massage, putting myself in a box. And then I was in Princeton, New Jersey, I was hanging around this nondescript developing ashram by Sham Bhatnagar. But the mainstream medicine knows that the people pay out of their pockets for the folk medicine. On the other hand, buddhist vipassana (mindfulness) asks you not to form a judgment at all, because that would merely add another layer to the problem. The stoic technique, realises the same distinction, but aims to cash in on it and draw the mind out further from the experience, as a tool that stands apart from the experience itself, which is only material or external.
Bhastrika removes these blocks and gives prana a possibility to flow to the barin without any obstacles or, to be exact to sahasrara-chakra. To wake up during the period of kapha is more difficult – more time is needed for getting yourself together and putting the body into a working condition. When a person comes to me with the problem I don’t send them to medical professionals I sent them to either breathing therapy or a yoga class or a massage therapy way before anything else, like surgery etc.
This pranayama exercise is a necessary preparatory stage in pratyahara practice (liberating the mind from the power of emotions) and dharana (state of superconsiousness as a result of deep meditation) which are the next steps of yoga.
It can occur almost immediately during the first 30 seconds, or may not appear at all, you can get some other sensations as well.
I had a client who was a prima ballerina in American Ballet Theater, and she was the one who knew Rudolf Nuriev. The aim is not to counter one thought (‘I have been robbed’) with another (‘Material possessions are externals and therefore none of my concern’).
The answer would be to observe the experience­ as ­pain with complete awareness in order to transcend the pain­ aspect of the experience. If hyperventilation continues for more than 30-40 cycles you can get some goosy sensation on the skin that at intensive and prolonged hyperventilation, for more than 2-5 minutes, turns into a tingling in fingertips and face, and then is changed by colvulsions of facial muscles and limbs. Pranayama can be practiced in the evening, before or after the sunset, and in some cases during the night – but it concerns only pranayama, not prana-vyayama, including hyperventilation techniques.
It just takes a particular personality to see that bending or softening a tradition is valuable. And while I was living there a little tribe had developed, and we started doing group massages. But in no time, because of the sincerity of women in this country, here is the very strict traditional sanyasi turns all around and had women cooking for him and traveling with him.
So my friend started balling, because we just realized we just got a blessing from this major shaman.
She would come very regularly, sometimes they would have to pick her up and put her on the massage table and I kept working on her still not knowing whom she was.
Described sensations are more characteristic for other techniques, similar in action, that include a prolonged and forced hyperventilation – rebirthing, holotropic breathing and others. I knew that she was dealing with the problem and she said that they were going to see a specialist about it, and of course, they were. Rebirthing and analogical techniques of holotropic breathing are done with absolutely different, psychotherapeutic objectives, having nothing with yoga. Like you said, you need those fundamentals to start out with and I don’t regret any of those initiations. You know, I had a reader told me that my past life was not Vedic but Asian and my house has been always decorated in Asian style more than in Indian one. Even when I was in Hare Krishna, when I was strict, ninja basically, book distributor, when I had a break I would go to the book store and I would gravitate straight towards the Tibetan Buddhism. I am taking a lot of liberties, only because, you know, I have worked very hard on this in the early years to bring balance to a person.
If I were discovered doing that by my god brothers or godfathers, I would have been beaten up, literally physically beaten up.
I was always wondering why was I gravitated to those books, you now, spiritual materialism, Meta freedom, etc. Ultimately what you are studying - is a particular teacher and whatever influences that teacher.

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