Meaning of meditation buddha meaning,how to change my screensaver picture,how to change language on iphone text - PDF 2016

04.02.2016
Agastya, who is worshiped as an avatar of Shiva, was a legendary guru who spread the worship of Shiva throughout India. The popular center (Greek agora, Roman forum) of a classical city; its chief market and gathering place. The third Mughal Emperor, known for his religious tolerance and the cultural brilliance of his reign. A type of early Christian pulpit, that was accessed by a triangular flight of stairs, the prototype of the Islamic minbar. A disciplined process, pioneered by Dutch archaeologists in the early 20th century, of rebuilding the ruined stone and brick temples of India and Southeast Asia.
Nature-worship, the earliest expression of human spirituality, that also includes ancestor cult, shamanism, trance, spirit worship, totemism, and the genius loci. The lintel is not technically considered to be an arch, because it is straight rather than curved.
Relieving arches are structural arches, without an opening beneath, that are deployed to deflect weight from the upper courses of the building. Architraves, beams, and lintels are spanning elements that are carried directly on columns. A warlike, nomadic people from the steppes of the Caucasus who are variously said to have influenced, migrated into, invaded, or even colonized northern India, Europe, and the Middle East in the 2d millennium BC.
A depiction of the night-time sky, with stars and constellations, on the domed ceilings of certain tombs in Egypt and Asia.
An item that is associated with a deity, carried or worn on its person, and serves to identify it and to symbolize some aspect of its power. Avalokiteshvara is a Mahayana Buddhist savior associated with Amitahba, the Buddha of the West, with whom he often appears in triad alongside Mahasthamaprapta. The "Water-Moon" form, in which Guanyin sits in royal ease as she contemplates the moon's reflection in water; this is a metaphor for the illusory nature of phenomena (the moon's image is not the "real" moon). A dwarf who won back the universe from King Bali by transforming into Trivikrama and then crossing the universe in three giant steps.
The lion-like creature of good who dances against the evil witch Rangda in an Indonesian performance.
The basic rectangular unit of a Chinese floor plan, as defined by the columns supporting the roof.
The bell and drum towers (separate buildings) were prominent features of any sizeable Chinese city. A popular god of protection in ancient Egypt, with the head of a lion and the body of a dwarf. In response, Bu Devi (the Earth goddess) confirms Buddha's past meritorious lives, by wringing out her hair at the Buddha's feet. The Bodhisattva ideal eventually developed into a profusion of supernatural intermediaries between the Buddhas and ordinary people, very much like the Christian saints.
Various traditions say different things about the same Bodhisattva, and the same thing about different Bodhisattvas. The native Tibetan animist and shaman religion, which influenced Tibetan Buddhist forms of worship and iconography. The universal soul, ie the All, as distinguished from the individual or personal soul (atman).
An architectural design in which two half-pediments are separated by a void, recess, or some other feature.
A zoomorphic wine container that is shaped like a gravy boat with a dragon's head and bottle horns; often called a "guang" in English. A vessel for warming wine that has none, one, or two suspension posts, either no spout or a short spout, no tail, a circular cross-section, three legs, and a strap handle above one of the legs.
A vessel for pouring wine that has two suspension posts, a long spout, a triangular tail, an elliptical body, three legs, and a strap handle on one side. Buddhism died out in India around 1200 AD, succumbing to Muslim invasions as well as a resurgent Hinduism. In Buddhism, guardian divinities protect the triratna (Buddha-Dharma-Sangha) as well as physical places like temples, special locations, etc. In Egyptian funerary practice, four organs were removed from the body, mummified, and stored in individual canopic jars. There are four castes, in descending order: brahmins (priests), kshatriyas (warriors), vaishyas (farm owners, merchants, artisans), and shudras (menials, laborers, serfs). Medieval castles were created for defense, but their interior spaces had also to be liveable and provide for the circulation of light, water, and air.
Armored horsemen, for example, in the Byzantine cavalry or the Three Kingdoms era in Korea.
A type of Chinese or Korean porcelain that is coated with a distinctive grey-green, high-fired, earthenware glaze.
The inner chamber, or "holy of holies," of a temple, that contains the cult image of its god.
The founder of the Mauryan Empire, who defeated the invasion of Alexander the Great and consolidated much of present-day India under his rule (322-293 BC).
The general term for any fictional animal whose body is a composite of various parts of real animals. An akroterion in the form of a dragon-like makara that bites the end of Chinese ridgepoles. Decorated doors in a shoin interior, originally leading to a bedchamber but no longer functional in the mature Shoin style. A Tibetan stupa, characterized by a bud-shaped body that is supported by a rectangular base. Ancient statues and monuments, in wood and marble, were brilliantly colored, in startling contrast to their washed-out appearance today. An architectural supporting element that stands upright and is relatively slender in proportion to its length.
A pattern of stars, like the Big Dipper or Orion, that is interpreted according to myth and legend. A triangular arch that is formed by horizontal courses of brick that are built up and in from each side until they meet at the top.
An order of Classical architecture that is characterized by slender columns with acanthus-leaf capitals. The shell of the Money Cowrie, Cypraea moneta, is sourced from the Maldive Islands in the Indian Ocean; it was used as trading currency in Asia (and, along with other Cowrie species, in Africa) from early times. During the Bronze Age in China, cowrie shells had to pass through a long trade network in order to reach inland Southeast Asia and China; as markers of wealth, they are often found buried in significant numbers (hundreds at a time) in specially made or reused bronze containers. In Asian art, cranes are symbols of longevity (they live about 30 years in the wild, double that in captivity). An Assyrian architectural design, adopted by the Nabataeans for the crowns of their tomb facades, that consists of triangular stairsteps, outlined in profile. The ancient cultural and political heartland of Sri Lanka, located in the northern plains and roughly bounded by the island's three pre-modern capitals: Anuradhapura in the northwest, Polonnaruwa in the east, and Kandy in the south. During the spiritual training a meditator can use visual images, mantras or words, or feelings and sensations (such as compassion, love, peace) as a focus of a meditation.


Thousands of years of spiritual practice short-listed a number of sacred occult symbols of meditation that affect the soul in a special way when it withdraws all attention from the outer world, and focusses on an image, mantra or a feeling. During the meditation, helped by Rythmical Breathing, we silence the mind and allow our soul to become one with the symbol within the silence. Buddha Eyes look at us from all the Tibetan Stupas in Nepal gazing in the four directions to symbolize the all-knowing Buddha. The Buddha is known as the Wheel-Turner: the One who sets a new cycle of life in motion and changes the destiny. It is of importance that we do not without feeling confront the thoughts that serve to construct such a symbolic visualization.
Meditation on various chakra, symbols that represent the quality of chakras, colours, or representing mantra sounds.
The Alchemy of Love Mindfulness Training Courses: Mindful Being and Conscious Parenting are 12 modules courses designed to take the explorer on a very inspiring self-development journey. These icons link to social bookmarking sites where readers can share and discover new web pages. His timeless teaching is profound and in Southeast Asia remains a vital part of the cultural fabric of society. He is associated with Avalokiteshvara and is easy to worship: just call on his name, and you will be reborn on top of a lotus in the Western Paradise.
From left to right, the figures are: Guanyin, a disciple, Amida, another disciple, and Mahasthamaprapta.
It consists of the following steps: (1) The location of every existing block is carefully recorded.
Born from a drop of Shiva's sweat, Andhaka conceived an unnatural lust for his mother Parvati, which accounts for Shiva's ferocious antagonism. The first human beings lived in awe of nature - the earth and the sky, the mountains and stones, the woodlands and rivers, the storms, rain, and floods, the waterfalls and glens and meadows, and the plants and animals on which their lives depended. These images are especially valuable since they record, with allowances for artistic license and fantasy, how the buildings may have actually looked in ancient times. Asuras fought against the Devas and lost, very much like the Giants who fought and lost against the Greek gods. Images of Avalokiteshvara can usually be identified by a small figure of seated Amitabha in the Bodhisattva's crown.
To the Egyptians, these souls were fragments of the personality that were integrated in life, separated in death, and reintegrated after death to form a "blessed akh" or resurrected person in the afterworld. Schematic indications of eyes, nose, and sometimes mouth may be carved on the face of the block. It consists of a long nave with columned aisles on either side, preceded by a narthex and terminated by a semicircular apse (plan). They are made out of bronze, and produce their tone(s) by being struck on the side with a mallet or pole. Bhakti can be directed towards any god or goddess, but has been a particularly distinctive feature of the worship of Krishna since medieval times, and continuing on into the modern period. Cuttings of the original tree were, it is said, propagated to Sri Lanka in early times, and later re-propagated back to India. Theologically these spiritual beings represented individual characteristics of the Buddhas like wisdom, compassion, power, and so on.
The Silla rulers originally came from this rank, but it died out after 654 due to a lack of heirs. In mainstream Hindu philosophy, Brahman = Atman, so that every person has the potential to achieve Godhood. This word happens to be spelled the same as the "Zhou" dynasty, but it is a different word.
The Vajrayana ("Thunderbolt Doctrine") school is an Esoteric branch of Mahayana that took root in Tibet, where it continues to the present. However, by that time the religion had spread via trade routes to east and southeast Asia, where it struck deep roots and has flourished ever since. The grottoes were typically cut into the living rock of a cliff face above a flowing river, and decorated in vivid colors with paintings and statues on Buddhist subjects.
These deities are naturally usurped from the Hindu pantheon, since early Buddhism did not have gods of its own.
Introduced in the second millenium BC (by the Aryans, some say) this stratification persists down to the present day, in spite of legal prohibitions and the best efforts of modern India to eradicate it.
Below even the shudras are the untouchables, a group so low that they are completely outside the caste system: they include aboriginies, Western tourists, and ritually polluted workers such as street-sweepers, tanners, and corpse-handlers. Espousing the Jain religion after a lifetime of warfare, Chandragupta starved himself to death in 293 BC. Originally it represented a tower of honorific umbrellas that sheltered the sacred enclosure (harmika). It was invented by at least the 2d millennium BC in Egypt, the ancient Middle East, and Asia, and continuously developed until the beginning of the modern era in Europe. Modern techniques of pigment analysis and digital color restoration are beginning to virtually restore these ancient works to their original colorfulness. Classical Greek columns are formally classified into Doric, Ionian, Corinthian, and composite orders. In India, columns of the Deccan in the first millennium display an interesting "lock-and-nut" construction.
Its exact meaning is not known today, but is usually explained in terms of heaven (the round hole of the cong) and earth (the square framework of the cong).
While many pages on this website contain images of people or gods and what they are wearing, only the pages with substantial focus on costume or mannequins are indexed here. The cowrie's small size, light weight, durability, and sufficient (but not excessive) abundance made it ideal for this purpose, not unlike the manufactured coins that gradually replaced them. It seems odd that they are not more often employed as symbols of fidelity, given their spectacular mating dance.
Originally a constellation, visualized as a paired turtle and snake, the symbol changed over time into an anthropomorphic warrior.
The red of the rose may now become the symbol of a blood that is the expression of purified instincts and passions that have stripped off all that is base, and in their purity resemble the forces active in the red rose.
After we have pondered on such thoughts and feelings for a time, we are to transform them into the following symbolic visualization.
Exploring the conscious and sub-conscious mind, relationships, true goals and dreams, the courses work with the symbols as the language of the soul, with four elements and their manifestation within our lives, with personal mandalas and dreams.
Dualistic cultures (European) reject contradiction and spend enormous effort to resolve it. The cult of Amida supplied a practicable route to salvation for all, becoming especially popular in Japan from the 11th century onwards. Animists consider the natural world to be populated by spirits who are alive and who can be encountered by shamans for the benefit of the community. An Aryan cultural contribution to India is confirmed by linguistic (pater=pitar) as well as theological (Zeus=Indra) evidence, and of course Sanskrit is an Indo-European language. That is not surprising, because India and Greece were culturally connected on the opposite sides of the Indo-European diaspora.


The Egyptian ka, or physical soul, was represented as a "ka statue" within the tomb; it sustained the afterlife of the deceased by receiving food-offerings. Sets of suspended bells, called bianzhong, were paired with sets of suspended stone chimes and used in ritual and court music in ancient times. They were used as personal ornaments in life, and, presumably, as offerings to Heaven in death (according to the "heaven is round" principle).
Monasteries in Lanka plant a bo tree in their main courtyard, where it symbolizes the Buddha's enlightenment. In terms of practical worship they represented saviors that were more approachable to ordinary laymen than the remote and perfected Buddhas.
They are generally divided into Bodhisattvas of Wisdom and Bodhisattvas of Compassion, since the two together make up the essence of a Buddha. Because of their rock construction and out-of-the-way location, many of them have been preserved to the present day, sometimes with dated inscriptions, which makes them an invaluable source for the history of early Buddhist painting and sculpture in Asia. His career is paralleled by that of his Buddhist grandson Ashoka, who also repented (late in life) of his former warlike acts. The results can seem unbelievably garish to modern viewers, but the ancient world, like our own, was a very colorful place.
Egyptian columns are divided broadly into papyriform and lotiform types, with many subtypes and outliers. Columns in east Asia, though (China, Korea, and Japan) are usually just slender cylinders. His ideas were not accepted during his lifetime, but eventually came to form the basis of government and society in Asia. More speculatively, the cong seems to resemble a human backbone (compare: the djed-pillar of ancient Egypt). While a true (semicircular) arch can stand on its own, corbeling requires additional surround for stability; for example, corbeled tombs in Mycenae were buried under the ground, whose considerable weight then stabilized the entire structure. I now seek not merely to imbue my intellect with such thoughts but to bring them to life in my feelings. Ancient Egypt is uniquely a bit of both, since it accepts contradictions (additive, like the East) but also holds them in tension (dualistic, like the West). However an Aryan physical presence in India, although inferrable from the Vedas with their numerous accounts of warlike invaders, has not been confirmed by archaeological studies.
Avalokiteshvara was originally male in India, but became female (Guanyin in China, Kannon in Japan) during the Tang dynasty and later.
Examples range all the way from Greek marbles and Japanese statues, to Easter Island and even Van Gogh's paintings.
Confucius taught a pervasive hierarchy of superior and inferior that governed all social relationships, with reciprocal obligations and duties: ruler-subject, father-child, husband-wife, older brother-younger brother, etc. I may have a feeling of bliss when I think of the purity and passionlessness of the growing plant; I can produce within myself the feeling of how certain higher perfections must be purchased through the acquirement of instincts and desires.
Let this be the symbol of the destroyed base elements of instincts and passions, and at the center, where the arms of the cross intersect, let us visualize seven red, radiant roses arranged in a circle.
It was able to move freely in the physical world outside the tomb, like the small birds that can be seen flitting about the necropolis. This can then transform the feeling of bliss, which I have felt previously, into a grave feeling; and then a feeling of liberating joy may stir in me when I surrender myself to the thought of the red blood which, like the red sap of the rose, may become the bearer of inwardly pure experiences. When reunited after death, the ba and ka resurrected as an akh to enjoy their afterlife in the fields of the blessed dead.
He mastered the practices quickly, impressing his teachers so much that they asked him to succeed them, but although reaching high levels of meditative consciousness, Siddhartha remained dissatisfied with the path and continued his journey.
He and a group of five companions led by Kondanna practiced severe austerities, seeking enlightenment through the deprivation of worldly pleasures, including food and sleep.
Graphic portrayals of the emaciated Siddhartha were popular with artists of the kingdom of ancient Gandhara in north-western India.
He entered ever deeper and more profound states of consciousness, contemplating the nature of emptiness, impermanence and the interdependence of all things.
His mind at times was assailed by the forces of fear, temptation, attachment, greed, hatred, and delusion, but in his heightened state of awareness he saw clearly that their root was ignorance.
Gautama saw that understanding and love are one and that without understanding there can be no love. In order to love it is first necessary to understand; in order to understand it is necessary to live mindfully, making direct contact with the present moment, truly seeing what is taking place within and outside oneself.
He felt as though a prison that had held him for a thousand lifetimes had vanished as an illusion, no more than the sum of innumerable thoughts based in ignorance. Throughout his life, the Buddha taught the way of compassion, the way of ending suffering by fully understanding its causes through the practice of mindfulness and meditation. The Buddha entered Parinirvana or the final deathless state, abandoning the earthly body, at the age of 80.
Before his passing, the Buddha asked the attendant Bhikshus to clarify any doubts or questions they had. This light is expressed in art as a halo or aura of light called prabhamandala, depicted as circles of light.
An exercise in meditation is to contemplate these images in order to realize their deepest meaning. Artists were very conscious of the sacredness of the Buddha image and endeavored to create an aura of equanimity, perfection and holiness in their work.
A number of rules existed regarding the execution of a Buddha image and the artist studied Buddhist symbolism well.
All Buddha images created by skilled artists communicate subtle meanings to the viewer through a range of characteristics.
Perhaps the most important of these characteristics are the mudras, or hand gestures of the Buddha. These well-defined gestures have a definite meaning throughout all styles and periods of Buddha images. Marked differences are apparent when examining Buddha images from different countries within Asia. Sculptures of the free standing, walking Buddha are synonymous with Sukhothai art (Thailand), the first walking images appearing in the 13th century. Further south in the old capital, Ayutthaya, images are characterized by a distinctive hair fame and 2 small lines carved above the upper lip and the eyes. This process takes 1-2 weeks and we ask for your patience while this formality is observed. Buddhist images to which religious respect is paid that are more than one hundred years old are not permitted to be taken out of the country. Artists also are often inspired by their sacred subject and produce works that are both beautiful and moving. Whether in a temple or in a special place in one’s home, Buddhist art provides a wonderful reminder of a profound teaching of great wisdom that has survived two and a half millennium.



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