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11.04.2014
Secret Ballot is…a demonstration of the fact that society at large has much more integrity than the forces that govern it. I’m embarrassed to admit that I was one of the people who fell for the story that circulated not long after the invasion of Afghanistan that George W. When I finally caught up with Secret Ballot at a film festival last month I decided that this, not Kandahar, was the movie Bush should see. At the start of Secret Ballot a mysterious object, which we subsequently discover is a ballot box, drops by parachute from a military plane. Generally Payami uses surrealism much the way he uses a form of realism — as a means of positioning his audience so that we become subjective participants in the action and not merely neutral bystanders. After the film’s opening sequence the soldier puts the ballot box in a jeep, the agent gets in the back, and they start off through the desert. Payami was born in Tehran, but moved with his family to Afghanistan when he was 7, and returned to Tehran after the 1979 revolution, when he was 15. Part of the agenda of most Hollywood movies is to appeal to as wide a constituency as possible, which makes them mean different and sometimes even antithetical things to different segments of the audience.
Employee Free Choice Act, and check out Employee Free Choice Act on Wikipedia, Youtube, Google News, Google Books, and Twitter on Digplanet. The Employee Free Choice Act[1] was a legislative bill that was introduced into both chambers of the U.S.
The act would have, first, allowed a union to be certified as the official union to bargain with an employer if union officials collect signatures of a majority of workers. The Employee Free Choice Act would have amended the National Labor Relations Act in three significant ways.
Section 2(a) of the bill would have allowed the recognition of a union for the purpose of exclusive collective bargaining with an employer if a majority of employees sign cards stating their wish that the union represents them. Currently, the NLRA section 9(c) anticipates that after at least 30% of employees state their wish for union representation, a separate secret ballot will be held to confirm that the majority of employees want union representation.[5][6] This only happens when there is "a question of employee representation", or in other words, the result is contested (for instance, because the employer objects).
Section 2(a) went on to allow the National Labor Relations Board to draw up more detailed regulations for oversight of the majority recognition procedure. Section 3 of the Bill provided that following a union being certified, the union could require the employer to begin negotiations for a collective agreement within ten days. A study by John-Paul Ferguson and Thomas Kochan at the MIT Sloan School of Management found that only 56% of unions that win an election ever negotiate their first contract.[10] The AFL-CIO says in a pro-EFCA paper, citing data by Ferguson and Kochan, that this is because "newly formed unions lose their presumption of majority status after one year without reaching a contract.
Section 4(a) of the Bill would have made the National Labor Relations Board seek injunctions against employers who discriminate against employees who attempt to organize a union. Currently, damages are limited to back pay, less any wages earned by an employee if they are hired by another employer. Finally, the bill would have provided for civil fines of up to $20,000 per violation against employers found to have willfully or repeatedly violated employeesa€™ rights during an organizing campaign or first contract drive. The Employee Free Choice Act would not have altered the existing jurisdictional standards of the National Labor Relations Board. On February 14, 2007, in a full Committee markup session, the House Committee on Education and Labor voted 26-19[13] to report the bill to the full House.
On June 26, 2007, the Senate voted 51 to 48 on a motion to invoke cloture on the motion to proceed to consider the bill, 9 votes short of the 60 needed to invoke cloture and prevent an anticipated Republican filibuster.[16] As a result, the bill failed to pass during the 110th United States Congress.
Dianne Feinstein (Democratic senator for California) has also announced that she would prefer to seek alternative legislation. Pennsylvania labor leader Sam Bianco at a rally in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, calling on Arlen Specter to support the EFCA. Proponents of the legislation assert that the change is necessary to protect workers' rights to join unions. In the American democratic tradition the principle of the secret ballot is not simply the fact that you go into a voting booth and pull a curtain and nobody sees what you do.
The current process for forming unions is badly broken and so skewed in favor of those who oppose unions, that workers must literally risk their jobs in order to form a union. Even when employers don't break the law, the process itself stacks the deck against union supporters. I support this bill because in order to restore a sense of shared prosperity and security, we need to help working Americans exercise their right to organize under a fair and free process and bargain for their fair share of the wealth our country creates. The current process for organizing a workplace denies too many workers the ability to do so. People call the current National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) election system a secret ballot election a€” but in fact it's not like any democratic election held anywhere else in our society.
He added that "some 50 million non-unionized American workers, according to surveys, now say that they definitely or probably would join one if given the option. To find out how effective the current NLRB system actually is a€” in other words, how well it reflects workers' wishes to organize into unions and bargain contracts with management a€” MIT Sloan School of Management professor Thomas A. They criticized the current system by asking, "How can anyone who thinks elections are a bulwark of democracy support a system in which a third of those interested in an election never get to hold one? Critics contend that additional use of card check elections will lead to overt coercion on the part of union organizers.[37] Opponents of the Employee Free Choice Act also claim that the measure would not protect employee privacy.


Opponents also point to a 2001 letter to Mexican government officials, signed by 11 Democrats who subsequently voted in favor of HR 800, encouraging the "use of secret ballots in all union recognition elections" that take place in Mexico. A secret ballot election is the] most satisfactory a€” indeed the preferred a€” method of ascertaining whether a union has majority support. In 2007, 28 Republican Senators supported an opposition bill, the Secret Ballot Protection Act,[42] which would eliminate the use of the card check procedure.
To my friends supporting EFCA I say this: We cannot be a party that strips working Americans of the right to a secret-ballot election.
During an October 17, 2008 conference call, Home Depot co-founder Bernie Marcus spoke against the EFCA, calling it "the demise of a civilization". In January 2009, FedEx exercised an option to buy fifteen Boeing 777F planes and had an option to buy fifteen more. In 2010, four states passed constitutional amendments guaranteeing a secret ballot on union recognition: Arizona, South Carolina, South Dakota, and Utah. The Employee Free Choice Act is mentioned in the punk band Street Dogs song, "Up the Union".
District Court Judge Frederick Martone today granted Summary Judgment in favor of the State’s position that the law is constitutional, Attorney General Tom Horne announced.
The NLRB threatened all four states, that if they did not voluntarily negate their amendments, the NLRB would sue. Part of what makes these films Hollywood comedies is their ability to please a wide variety of viewers, not just an art-house crowd.
His realism uses not only natural locations and nonprofessional actors, but long shots and extended takes, both of which give the viewer time as well as space for observation and reflection.
He moved to Canada soon afterward, majored in cinema studies at the University of Toronto, then worked as an interpreter, tutor, legal clerk, and software developer. But it would be shortsighted to assume that neofeudal backwaters of this kind can be found only in Iran or the Middle East, and Payami’s allusion to the Florida elections makes it clear that this movie is about more than Iran.
The bill would have removed the present right of the employer to demand an additional, separate ballot when more than half of employees have already given their signature supporting the union.[4] Second, the bill would have required employers and unions to enter binding arbitration to produce a collective agreement at least 120 days after a union is recognized. If the Board finds that a majority of the employees in a unit appropriate for bargaining has signed valid authorizations designating the individual or labor organization specified in the petition as their bargaining representative and that no other individual or labor organization is currently certified or recognized as the exclusive representative of any of the employees in the unit, the Board shall not direct an election but shall certify the individual or labor organization as the representative described in subsection (a). If the employer and union are unable to reach agreement within 90 days, either side may take the dispute to the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service, which has provided mediation free of charge since 1947. Specifically, the bill allows for an injunction whenever an allegation is proven that an employer threatened to or did discharge or discriminate against an employee who sought representation by a union. No such remedy exists for unlawful acts committed by employers in violation of workers' rights. The amount an employer is required to pay when an employee is illegally discharged or discriminated against during an organizing campaign or first contract drive would have become two times back pay as liquidated damages, in addition to the back pay owed, for a total of three times back pay.
The jurisdiction of the NLRB remains at the level set in 1959, $500,000 gross revenues for a retail business.[12] The NLRB also requires a union to consist of a minimum of two employees who have no supervisory authority, exempting many small businesses from the increased penalties of the Employee Free Choice Act. In the 111th United States Congress, as of July 9, 2009, the Senate version of the EFCA, S.560, had 40 cosponsors in addition to its sponsor (Edward M.
It is your right to keep your political opinion private to yourself before, during and after the act of voting; that you can't be lured or coerced into a conversation that is designed to make you reveal your political preferences. Although it is illegal, one quarter of employers facing an organizing drive have been found to fire at least one worker who supports a union. The employer has all the power; they control the information workers can receive, can force workers to attend anti-union meetings during work hours, can force workers to meet with supervisors who deliver anti-union messages, and can even imply that the business will close if the union wins. The Employee Free Choice Act offers to make binding an alternative process under which a majority of employees can sign up to join a union. It's really a management-controlled election process because corporations have all the power. One of the reasons this does not happen, according to Madrick, is the failure of the federal government to protect workers trying to organize into unions.
It seems pretty clear to me that the only way to ensure that a worker is 'free to choose' is to ensure that there's a private ballot, so that no one know how you voted. The letter further states, "we feel that the secret ballot is absolutely necessary in order to ensure that workers are not intimidated into voting for a union they might not otherwise choose," seeming to contradict the spirit of the legislation passed by the House. Chamber of Commerce's Randel Johnson declared that the a€?coming fight in Congress over the issuea€? is a a€?firestorm bordering on Armageddon.a€?[48] Other business interests have offered similarly strong characterizations of the proposed bill.
It was at that congress in Gweru, then Gwelo, where Ndabaningi Sithole emerged as its president.
It was sheer wishful thinking, the result of a hope that sympathy for the innocent Afghan victims of the American assault would somehow prevail over all the confusion and self-righteousness. Yes because Iran isn’t entirely a democracy and because Bush would never want to see this movie in a million years. A soldier (Cyrus Ab) enters frame left and retrieves the box, then approaches freestanding bunk beds, wakes a fellow soldier in the lower bunk, and asks him what the box is for.
His surrealism tweaks verisimilitude to position his characters in order to make points about them; in one extended gag the first soldier stubbornly obeys a traffic sign in the middle of nowhere that clearly has no reason for being there.


Hollywood features commonly get revised by producers before and after test marketing, so one could argue that Payami had more freedom to work out his artistic vision than his Hollywood counterparts — unless he was censoring himself. Yet the soldier’s overall cluelessness about democracy and the people he encounters makes him the butt of more gags than the idealistic agent, though both positions are challenged by the film. Third, the bill would have increased penalties on employers who discriminate against workers for union involvement.
It would have meant that an employer could not demand a further secret ballot after a majority of employees had already put their names on cards supporting union representation. If the FMCS is unable to bring the parties to agreement after providing mediation services for 30 days the dispute will be referred to arbitration. An injunction would also have been available if the employer "engaged in any other unfair labor practice" that would have restrained the rights under NLRA section 7. In fact, employees who are active union supporters have a one-in-five chance of being fired for legal union activities. Currently, employers can choose to accept--but are not bound by law to accept--the signed decision of a majority of workers.
They control the information workers can receive and routinely poison the process by intimidating, harassing, coercing and even firing people who try to organize unions. 800, the deceptively-named a€?a€?Employee Free Choice Act,a€™a€™ would strip [the right to a secret ballot] from every American worker. Sithole was later deposed and his position was filled by Robert Mugabe, in 1977.An incredible 37 years on, ZANU-PF has not held internal elections by the way of secret ballot, largely viewed as the most democratic process in deciding an opinion. When they sight a man running in the distance he concludes it must be a crook, but she thinks the man’s afraid of the army jeep. Would he identify more with the idealistic election agent, who’s obsessed with the idea of getting every eligible citizen to vote, regardless of whether they know whom they’re voting for or even if the choices are meaningful? When the agent is snubbed after walking into a funeral ceremony that women are expressly forbidden to attend, Payami implicitly asks us to decide which is better, obeying reactionary gender laws or defying them and offending the mourners. Sadly, many employers resort to spying, threats, intimidation, harassment and other illegal activity in their campaigns to oppose unions. Moreover, the bill makes changes to federal labor lawa€™s scheme of penalties and remedies that are one-sided, unnecessary, and unprecedented.
As soon as they catch up with the man, the soldier orders him at gunpoint to empty his pockets. The penalty for illegal activity, including firing workers for engaging in protected activity, is so weak that it does little to deter law breakers. Mnangagwa was quoted in October as saying the party constitution provided for one-man-one–vote system and would be amended by his legal committee to create room for a secret vote for members of the presidium. That the two cadres are reported to be deeply rooted in rival factions battling to control the party is itself telling.Mnangagwa is reported to be leading one faction which is opposed to that which Gumbo is believed to belong to, allegedly fronted by Vice President, Joice Mujuru. While the two men continue to voice their hostility, she shows the man a list of the candidates and asks him to make two choices.
Or would he agree with the agent that those gun barrels make democracy relatively meaningless? The candidate, who through this process attains the nomination by at least six (6) provincial coordinating committees, shall stand nominated for election directly by congress.”This clause pre-supposes that by the time of congress, the candidates would already have been identified with only the formality of endorsing them remaining. The drama that charaterised its elections and the vote buying scandal that rocked it, these things are also possible at congress and this is the main reason why the party has always chosen the nomination way,” said the official who declined to be named.It was for the first time in ZANU-PF’s history that youths were forced take to the ballot after they failed to reach a consensus in filling up the two most senior positions of deputy secretary for youth affairs and the secretary for administration.
The tradition had always been reaching a consensus and avoiding the ballot — at all costs.President Mugabe, in his speech after the elections, lashed out at the youths for resorting to the ballot and later encouraged members of the women’s league to shun the ballot. With the nomination process expected this weekend, some ZANU-PF heavyweights were now reportedly calling on the President to appoint his two deputies and the national chairman as a way to stem factionalism associated with campaigning for key positions.There is also one point of divergence for the two factions — the logistical question. This suggestion was immediately shot down by the Mujuru camp which suspects that the Mnangagwa faction has control over ZEC given that Mnangagwa himself is Justice Minister under whose portfolio it falls. The previous justice minister, Patrick Chinamasa, is also aligned to Mnangagwa.According to party insiders, the Mujuru camp would favour a situation whereby the party’s elections directorate runs the polls in the event that the proposal is accepted. The problem with that is that chairperson of the directorate, Simon Khaya Moyo, is reported to be in the Mujuru camp, which naturally means that the other faction would vehemently oppose it.
It is not possible to see how such an impasse could be broken.Yet, for a party so widely accused by its rivals of rigging national elections, having a secret ballot during the internal process surely needs not be a point of quarrel or disagreement. What really is wrong with having a secret ballot that people should be at each other’s throats on the simple question of whether or not the best possible practice should be adopted?Political analyst, Alexander Rusero, ZANU-PF was being consistent with the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)’s communist party structure which it adopted.
They believe and thrive in what they call guided democracy whereby voting is not necessarily about choosing.



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