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This alleged non-fiction UFO documentary that we categorized in our fiction section takes a look at the true, non-public, history of UFO crashes in the United States.
Although little known and long before the Roswell incident, Aliens crash landed in Missouri back in 1941. During the crash of 1941 in Missouri, one of the aliens was said to have survived the crash.
Also revealed is a alien technology classification manual from a government issued special operations handbook. This powerful documentary takes us into the often unseen and disrespected realm of 21st century child slavery. Freedom to Fascism, as the documentary movie is commonly referred to, is an investigative documentary film by Aaron Russo which uncovers the hidden truth of the evils of the taxation imposed on the American people by international bankers.
Produced by the National Inflation Association, Melt Up documentary details and predicts a dollar crisis which will lead to a global currency crisis. Toys, dolls, and toy dogs made for sale by Disney are revealed to made at the hands of Chinese child slaves in this documentary focused on child slavery.
A documentary which takes a look at the history of nuclear technology up to the Fukushima disaster which occurred in Japan back in 2011.
NHK Documentary is about the nuclear disaster which took place in Fukushima, Japan on March 11th of 2011. The City Under The Sea documentary suggests that one day in the future humanity may take the dive to living underwater. Warning: Produced By Shell This film promotes the theory of climate change and represents general discussion of fuel, energy, and the future.
The video starts by pointing out the boring climactic feel of the change of the century, and the failure for the Y2K phenomenon to bring in the new Medellin with a bang. Lawyers today find that traditional discovery methods of obtaining information are not satisfactory. CDLS assists attorneys in obtaining computerized data from third parties in connection with litigation matters.
Our investigators have access to multiple extensive databases that can uncover many issues that individuals may want to keep secret. Our team can also do legal research, retrieve records from courthouses throughout the state as well as from local and rural police and sheriff offices. On many occasions our personnel have been called upon to determine damages from the assimilated data.
From the taking of a few dollars in a petty cash fund to making erroneous entries in accounting software, the methods to steal are numerous. Our forensic accounting experts have the knowledge and experience required to apply various accounting, auditing, and other investigative techniques to determine not only the perpetrators and scheme employed but also how it was accomplished without detection. Our staff works directly with the client to ascertain those actions required and precisely document details of the event to prevent it from occurring in the future. While new laws have made the discovery process easier now than it has ever been, the acquisition of desired data is now more difficult than ever. Our forensic experts examine all forms of electronic evidence, even if perceived deleted or destroyed. This book predicts the decline of today’s professions and describes the people and systems that will replace them.
Based on the authors’ in-depth research of more than ten professions, and illustrated by numerous examples from each, this is the first book to assess and question the relevance of the professions in the 21st century. One of America’s most accomplished entrepreneurs—a pioneer who made the Internet part of everyday life and orchestrated the largest merger in the history of business—shares a roadmap for how anyone can succeed in a world of rapidly changing technology. In The Third Wave, which pays homage to the work of the futurist Alvin Toffler (from whom Case has borrowed the title, and whose work inspired him as a young man), Case takes us behind the scenes of some of the most consequential and riveting business decisions of our time while offering illuminating insights from decades of working as an entrepreneur, an investor, a philanthropist, and an advocate for sensible bipartisan policies.
Blackout Wars is about the historically unprecedented threat to our electronic civilization from its dependence on the electric power grid. The rise of artificial intelligence has rekindled a long-standing debate regarding the impact of technology on employment.
Drawing from nearly 600 years of technology history, Innovation and Its Enemies identifies the tension between the need for innovation and the pressure to maintain continuity, social order, and stability as one of today’s biggest policy challenges. A “rock star” (New York Times) of the computing world provides a radical new work on the meaning of human consciousness.
While the program was a only a partial success, it laid the foundation for The Tides of Mind, a groundbreaking new exploration of the human psyche that shows us how the very purpose of the mind changes throughout the day.
In the great introspective tradition of Wilhelm Wundt and Rene Descartes, David Gelernter promises to not only revolutionize our understanding of what it means to be human but also to help answer many of our most fundamental questions about the origins of creativity, thought, and consciousness.
With fifty-five peer reviewed chapters written by the leading authors in the field, The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness is the most extensive and comprehensive survey of the study of consciousness available today. Model Zero is a toolkit for reconstructing yourself as someone who can thrive in an environment that is changing at an exponential pace. Featuring numerous updates and enhancements, Science Fiction and Philosophy, 2nd Edition,  presents a collection of readings that utilize concepts developed from science fiction to explore a variety of classic and contemporary philosophical issues.
Uses science fiction to address a series of classic and contemporary philosophical issues, including many raised by recent scientific developments.
Explores questions relating to transhumanism, brain enhancement, time travel, the nature of the self, and the ethics of artificial intelligence. Features numerous updates to the popular and highly acclaimed first edition, including new chapters addressing the cutting-edge topic of the technological Singularity. Provides a gateway into classic philosophical puzzles and topics informed by the latest technology. Susan Schneider is an Associate Professor of Philosophy and Cognitive Science at the University of Connecticut and a faculty member in the technology and ethics group at Yale’s Interdisciplinary Center for Bioethics. A monumental work on the flow of time, from the universe’s creation to “now,” by the best-selling author of Physics for Future Presidents. With such compelling and provocative novels as Red Planet Blues, FlashForward and The WWW Trilogy, Robert J. Experimental psychologist Jim Marchuk has developed a flawless technique for identifying the previously undetected psychopaths lurking everywhere in society.
Jim is reunited with Kayla Huron, his forgotten girlfriend from his lost period and now a quantum physicist who has made a stunning discovery about the nature of human consciousness. For General Michael Hayden, playing to the edge means playing so close to the line that you get chalk dust on your cleats.
As Director of CIA in the last three years of the Bush administration,  Hayden had to deal with the rendition, detention and interrogation program as bequeathed to him by his predecessors. For 10 years, then, General Michael Hayden was a participant in some of the most telling events in the annals of American national security.
As he writes, “There is a story here that deserves to be told, without varnish and without spin. Train an em to do some job and copy it a million times: an army of workers is at your disposal. Some say we can’t know the future, especially following such a disruptive new technology, but Professor Robin Hanson sets out to prove them wrong.
While human lives don’t change greatly in the em era, em lives are as different from ours as our lives are from those of our farmer and forager ancestors. Read about em mind speeds, body sizes, job training and career paths, energy use and cooling infrastructure, virtual reality, aging and retirement, death and immortality, security, wealth inequality, religion, teleportation, identity, cities, politics, law, war, status, friendship and love.
This book shows you just how strange your descendants may be, though ems are no stranger than we would appear to our ancestors. This book illuminates the astonishing science behind his decision, and the transformative power of the patternist thinking that carried him to it. Written with empathy, searing insight, and dark humour Frozen to Life is both cutting edge and bleeding heart: a postmodern experiment in falling in love with life while preparing for death, in ways we can change ourselves radically without losing our treasured humanity, and in coming to understand that neither life nor death is what we think it is. Everyone would benefit from seeing further into the future, whether buying stocks, crafting policy, launching a new product, or simply planning the week’s meals. In Superforecasting, Tetlock and coauthor Dan Gardner offer a masterwork on prediction, drawing on decades of research and the results of a massive, government-funded forecasting tournament. In this groundbreaking and accessible book, Tetlock and Gardner show us how we can learn from this elite group. The New York Times bestselling author of The Rational Optimist and Genome returns with a fascinating, brilliant argument for evolution that definitively dispels a dangerous, widespread myth: that we can command and control our world.
The Evolution of Everything is about bottom-up order and its enemy, the top-down twitch—the endless fascination human beings have for design rather than evolution, for direction rather than emergence. As compelling as it is controversial, authoritative as it is ambitious, Ridley’s stunning perspective will revolutionize the way we think about our world and how it works. In this brilliant exploration of our cosmic environment, the renowned particle physicist and New York Times bestselling author of Warped Passages and Knocking on Heaven’s Door uses her research into dark matter to illuminate the startling connections between the furthest reaches of space and life here on Earth. Sixty-six million years ago, an object the size of a city descended from space to crash into Earth, creating a devastating cataclysm that killed off the dinosaurs, along with three-quarters of the other species on the planet. Working through the background and consequences of this proposal, Randall shares with us the latest findings—established and speculative—regarding the nature and role of dark matter and the origin of the Universe, our galaxy, our Solar System, and life, along with the process by which scientists explore new concepts. Already internationally acclaimed for his elegant, lucid writing on the most challenging notions in modern physics, Sean Carroll is emerging as one of the greatest humanist thinkers of his generation as he brings his extraordinary intellect to bear not only on Higgs bosons and extra dimensions but now also on our deepest personal questions. In short chapters filled with intriguing historical anecdotes, personal asides, and rigorous exposition, readers learn the difference between how the world works at the quantum level, the cosmic level, and the human level–and then how each connects to the other. Carroll shows how an avalanche of discoveries in the past few hundred years has changed our world and what really matters to us.
The Big Picture is an unprecedented scientific worldview, a tour de force that will sit on shelves alongside the works of Stephen Hawking, Carl Sagan, Daniel Dennett, and E.
Leading innovation expert Alec Ross explains what’s next for the world: the advances and stumbling blocks that will emerge in the next ten years, and how we can navigate them. While Alec Ross was working as Senior Advisor for Innovation to the Secretary of State, he traveled to forty-one countries, exploring the latest advances coming out of every continent.
In The Industries of the Future, Ross shows us what changes are coming in the next ten years, highlighting the best opportunities for progress and explaining why countries thrive or sputter.
In each of these realms, Ross addresses the toughest questions: How will we adapt to the changing nature of work?
Ross blends storytelling and economic analysis to give a vivid and informed perspective on how sweeping global trends are affecting the ways we live. Professor Klaus Schwab, Founder and Executive Chairman of the World Economic Forum, has been at the centre of global affairs for over four decades.
Visions of the Future is a collection of stories and essays including Nebula and Hugo award-winning works. But these literary works are more than just a reprisal of the classical elements of science fiction and futurism. This book, Visions of the Future, is not just a handy collection of pulp scifi adventures and articles.
Bestselling author David Agus unveils the brave new world of medicine, one in which we can take control of our health like never before and doctors can fine-tune strategies and weapons to prevent illness. In his first bestseller, The End of Illness, David Agus revealed how to add vibrant years to your life by knowing the real facts of health.
In Rationality: From AI to Zombies, Eliezer Yudkowsky explains the science underlying human irrationality with a mix of fables, argumentative essays, and personal vignettes. A decision theorist and researcher at the Machine Intelligence Research Institute, Yudkowsky published earlier drafts of his writings to the websites Overcoming Bias and Less Wrong.
From wearable sensors, to improved point-of-care diagnostics to artificial intelligence and robotics, there are a great and growing number of breakthroughs in biomedical technology which are set to fundamentally change the way that patients interact with their healthcare providers. As part of EFF’s 25th Anniversary celebration, we’re releasing a Creative Commons-licensed anthology of short fiction!
The authors in this collection explore the wonders and perils of technology over the next 25 years and beyond, imagining the consequences of everything from abusive intellectual property lawsuits to out-of-control viral marketing; from over-protective intelligent fridges to violently loyal cyber-pets.
Imagination plays a significant role in our work to protect digital civil liberties, and we have met many fellow speculative fiction fans in our 25 years. Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego were not were not saved from the fiery furnace, but through it. Order Here Online for Imediate Delivery with FREE SHIPPING within the United States, or Order by Phone at 1-800-350-4639, (WORLD) 310-578-5300. We have an Art Studio in Sultanahmet area and we have 2 teachers that are professional in Traditional Turkish Tile & Ceramics workshop.
2 Hours Turkish Tile & Ceramic Workshop ( Per Student ) 2 - 5 Guest ,55 Euro ,6 - more ,40 Euro ,1 Guest 65 Euro,Tour Includes. Mimar Sinan University,The Anatolian Seljuks were of course influenced by the cultural heritage they encountered in their new homeland, adapting them to the techniques that they had brought with them from the Iranian plateau.
A type of architectural decoration used in conjunction with glazed brick was hexagonal, triangular, square, and rectangular monochrome tiles. Excavations carried out in 1965-66 at Kalehisar near Alacahoyuk have revealed important evidence of the Seljuks' ceramics industry in the 13th century. Sgraffito and slip-decorated wares continuing Seljuk techniques and styles were also produced during the Emirate period. The earliest example of the new styles that emerged in the early Ottoman period are the 'blue-and-white' Iznik ceramics.
Another blue-and-white group from Iznik is erroneously called 'Golden Horn ware' because the first examples of it were discovered at a site on the Golden Horn in Istanbul. Iznik is also where another misnamed group of ceramics known as Damascus ware was manufactured. Yet another group of polychrome underglaze Iznik ceramics to be erroneously attributed to another place is the one misleadingly known as Rhodos wares, so-called because of the numerous examples of them purchased from the island of Rhodes and taken into the Cluny Museum. As late as the middle of the 16 century, the Ottoman ceramic industry was producing more utensils than architectural tiles. During the first half of the 19th century, Kutahya's ceramics industry suffered a downturn from which it slowly recovered during the second half and into the early part of this century. There is a third important group of Turkish ceramics that are quite different from both the sublime products of Iznik and the humbler wares of Kutahya. To summarize, the art of Turkish tile and ceramic-making developed over the centuries incorporating many different techniques and styles. The art of Turkish tiles and ceramics have a very important in the history of Islamic art. There is a widely held but quite erroneous belief that figurative painting, is not found in Islamic art due to prohibition by the Koran. We have an Art Studio in Sultanahmet area and we have 2 teachers that are professional in Traditional Turkish Tile & Ceramics workshop.
Please send us an e-mail if you are interested in participating our classes as individual or a student group. They are commonly referred to as the MJ12 and were a special commission of gentlemen appointed by the government to look into, or to pretend to, investigate matters involving the UFO phenomenon. It also includes instructions on what to do with alien bodies in the event they are recovered, and where to take them. Rageh Omaar presents this documentary in such a way as to captivate, while at the same time informing, the viewing audience. The United States Dollar will collapse if economic policies aren’t changed and more closely aligned to reality. Most of the children working on toys at China’s slave farms begin work at 5 or 6am , and work well into the night. Have you ever thought about why Walmart has to have a humongous advertising budget to convince you that they give a damn about you and your community? Some science minded individuals believe that the nuclear fallout may threaten the west coast of the United States.
In some scientific circles it has been said that the Fukushima event could potentially be a slowly changing extinction level event. Why we would want to live underwater is mind boggling to us, considering we know more about the moon than we do our own oceans. It is this dissatisfaction that drives litigators to experts in the field of computer technology like Computer Data Litigation Services, LLC.
Our professional staff includes computer forensic experts, Private Investigators, Certified Fraud Examiners and Certified Public Accountants to assist in the attainment and analysis of the data. We can make sure that the nanny you may be considering does not have a criminal past of fencing stolen items, or maybe the personal assistant that has a past littered with embezzlement. Such damage calculations have included patent infringement damages, lost profits analyses, and loss of wages and benefits due to death or injury. With the advent of the technologically driven society, most all forms of communication are digital. From this evidence, all fraudulent acts can be documented, losses assessed and future losses prevented.
In an Internet society, according to Richard Susskind and Daniel Susskind, we will neither need nor want doctors, teachers, accountants, architects, the clergy, consultants, lawyers, and many others, to work as they did in the 20th century.
They argue that our current professions are antiquated, opaque and no longer affordable, and that the expertise of their best is enjoyed only by a few.
In an era when machines can out-perform human beings at most tasks, what are the prospects for employment, who should own and control online expertise, and what tasks should be reserved exclusively for people?
The first wave saw AOL and other companies lay the foundation for consumers to connect to the Internet.
With passion and clarity, Case explains the ways in which newly emerging technology companies (a growing number of which, he argues, will not be based in Silicon Valley) will have to rethink their relationships with customers, with competitors, and with governments; and offers advice for how entrepreneurs can make winning business decisions and strategies—and how all of us can make sense of this changing digital age.
Most Americans have experienced temporary blackouts, and regard them as merely an inconvenience. This is just one of many areas where exponential advances in technology signal both hope and fear, leading to public controversy. It reveals the extent to which modern technological controversies grow out of distrust in public and private institutions.
Indeed, as Gelernter explains, when we are at our most alert, when reasoning and creating new memories is our main mental business, the mind is a computer-like machine that keeps emotion on a short leash and attention on our surroundings.
You keep constructing and sticking with increasingly obsolete ideas about the world, even though many of them were rather fictional to begin with. Some very basic operating principles of your mind, mental models and language pull you towards fiction. In this book, the Center for Curriculum Redesign (CCR) describes a framework built to address this question, so that curriculum is redesigned for versatility and adaptability, to thrive in our volatile present and uncertain future. Sawyer has proven himself to be “a writer of boundless confidence and bold scientific extrapolation” (New York Times). But while being cross-examined about his breakthrough in court, Jim is shocked to discover that he has lost his memories of six months of his life from twenty years previously—a dark time during which he himself committed heinous acts. As a rising tide of violence and hate sweeps across the globe, the psychologist and the physicist combine forces in a race against time to see if they can do the impossible—change human nature—before the entire world descends into darkness.
Otherwise, by playing back, you may protect yourself, but you will be less successful in protecting America. What else was set in motion during this period that formed the backdrop for the infamous Snowden revelations in 2013?
He also had to ramp up the agency to support its role in the targeted killing program that began to dramatically increase in July 2008. My view is my view, and others will certainly have different perspectives, but this view deserves to be told to create as complete a history as possible of these turbulent times. When they can be made cheaply, within perhaps a century, ems will displace humans in most jobs. Applying decades of expertise in physics, computer science, and economics, he uses standard theories to paint a detailed picture of a world dominated by ems. Ems make us question common assumptions of moral progress, because they reject many of the values we hold dear.
From the initial confusion and isolation of his upbringing on the Scottish islands of Benbecula and Skye comes a curious inkling that collides with dominant religious dogmas and alters relationships: What am I?
The Good Judgment Project involves tens of thousands of ordinary people—including a Brooklyn filmmaker, a retired pipe installer, and a former ballroom dancer—who set out to forecast global events.
Weaving together stories of forecasting successes (the raid on Osama bin Laden’s compound) and failures (the Bay of Pigs) and interviews with a range of high-level decision makers, from David Petraeus to Robert Rubin, they show that good forecasting doesn’t require powerful computers or arcane methods. Drawing on anecdotes from science, economics, history, politics and philosophy, Matt Ridley’s wide-ranging, highly opinionated opus demolishes conventional assumptions that major scientific and social imperatives are dictated by those on high, whether in government, business, academia, or morality.


The growth of technology, the sanitation-driven health revolution, the quadrupling of farm yields so that more land can be released for nature—these were largely emergent phenomena, as were the Internet, the mobile phone revolution, and the rise of Asia.
In Dark Matter and the Dinosaurs, Randall tells a breathtaking story that weaves together the cosmos’ history and our own, illuminating the deep relationships that are critical to our world and the astonishing beauty inherent in the most familiar things.
Our lives are dwarfed like never before by the immensity of space and time, but they are redeemed by our capacity to comprehend it and give it meaning.
From startup hubs in Kenya to R&D labs in South Korea, Ross has seen what the future holds.
He examines the specific fields that will most shape our economic future, including robotics, cybersecurity, the commercialization of genomics, the next step for big data, and the coming impact of digital technology on money and markets. Incorporating the insights of leaders ranging from tech moguls to defense experts, The Industries of the Future takes the intimidating, complex topics that many of us know to be important and boils them down into clear, plainspoken language.
He is convinced that the period of change we are living through is more significant, and the ramifications of the latest technological revolution more profound than any prior period of human history. In this anthology, you’ll find stories and essays about artificial intelligence, androids, faster-than-light travel, and the extension of human life. In this book, he builds on that theme by showing why this is the luckiest time yet to be alive, giving you the keys to the new kingdom of wellness. In the old world, you followed general principles and doctors treated you based on broad, one-size-fits all solutions.
Comparing the development of cities and villages, advanced economies and underdeveloped countries, Colvile explores the opportunities that this faster communication and operation could bring and how we must adapt ourselves to cope with the constant need to disrupt and fracture ourselves to survive. Misdiagnosed at age 16, she endured multiple surgeries and countless hospitalizations over the course of a decade before deciding to take charge of her own healthcare and changing her life overnight. I hope you are inspired by these stories and share them with anyone who may enjoy taking a brief trek into the future! However, within one year's time this mighty nation of over 2 million people was conquered and enslaved by just 600 men.
It predicted that he would return to Mexico from across the sea and that he would come in the clouds from the east to save them. By the time the people realized that Cortez was not the savior they were expecting, it was too late. Jesus wants us not only to know that He is coming and that He's coming soon, but also to understand the manner of His coming. To pave the way, Satan has introduced a strong delusion to the Christian world that has been almost universally accepted in mainline churches.
He has been sharpening his skills of deception for 6,000 years, and his last masquerade will be his masterpiece. However, if he can seduce Christians into believing the secret rapture theory, he won't need to. But many have come to believe that this rapture will take place quietly - that faithful Christians all around the world will suddenly disappear and that life here on earth will continue for a seven-year period of tribulation.
The lost will experience indescribable fear and anguish, while the saved will experience the perfect joy of eternal salvation. Each person's decision will have already been made; there will be no second chance to convert. He said, "If the goodman of the house had known what hour the thief would come, he would have watched, and not have suffered his house to be broken through. At the end of time, there will be just two groups of people living upon the earth - the lost and the saved.
When Jesus comes again, there will be two kinds of missionaries laboring out in the field - the false and the true.
However, the Bible clearly teaches that when Jesus comes next, there will be no one left alive on this planet. They did eat, they drank, they married wives, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, and the flood came, and destroyed them all.
However, Jesus did say that a terrible time of trouble would come upon the world just before His return and that it would be more intense than any other in the history of this world.
In fact, Jesus went through it with them, and He will go through the great tribulation with us, as well! They will endure by practising some of the same survival skills used by the Great Basin bristlecone pine. The early Christians also passed through a time of trouble immediately after the stoning of Stephen (Acts 8:1). So when Revelation says that a€?her plagues come in one day,a€? it means within, or less than, one yeara€™s time.
So before Moses and Aaron met with the Pharaoh, they first met with the leaders of Israel to encourage a revival of commitment to God's law - including the Sabbath of creation (Exodus 4:29-31).
The devil hates the Sabbath because he knows that all love relationships are built upon time. He knew that as long as the people focused only on work, work, work, they would have no time to think about freedom. In Moses' day, the angry Pharaoh tried to turn the hearts of his Israelite slaves against their God by forcing them to produce the usual quota of bricks without providing the necessary straw. During this time the saints will be called upon to share their faith in the face of stiff social, political and religious opposition. God's people will trust Him no matter what, and His enemies will rebel against Him no matter what.
It says, "You shall not be afraid of the terror by night, Nor of the arrow that flies by day, Nor of the pestilence that walks in darkness, Nor of the destruction that lays waste at noonday. For six long days he survived - cold, wet, tired, hungry, eating bugs and drinking dirty water, calling every night on his little radio for help from above, running from enemies, and hiding under bushes. Forty airships, hundreds of soldiers, satellites, and the combined technology of all NATO were all engaged to rescue one hunted soldier.
In our place, we give beginner, intermediate & advanced level of traditional Turkish Tile & Ceramic painting lessons. This resulted in a distinctively Anatolian style of Seljuk architecture that was in full bloom by the 13th century. Unlike brick, these were preferred for indoor applications and were suitable for a multiplicity of geometrical arrangements.
Two kilns were unearthed along with a substantial quantity of kiln material and incomplete and spoiled examples of ceramics decorated with the sgraffito and slip techniques.In the sgraffito technique, the object is allowed to dry to leather-hardness after which the design, usually plant and floral motifs, is incised into the surface, which may or may not be given a coat of slip beforehand. During early Ottoman times, they appear among Iznik wares reflecting the tastes of folk art.In the course of excavations at the site of ancient Miletus, the archaeologist and art historian F.
The techniques involved in their manufacture are quite advanced as compared with anything previously done. Dr Oktay Aslanapa's excavations at Iznik have demonstrated incontrovertibly that these wares were manufactured there. Thereafter however production shifted heavily in favor of the latter as there was a strong surge in the demand for tiles as decorations in the extensive building programs undertaken by Suleyman I (1520-1566) and his successors when the Ottoman Empire was politically, economically, and culturally at its peak.
Thus do we find examples of Kutahya-made tiles decorating a number of late-Ottoman buildings. Canakkale ceramics have begun attracting the interest and attention of researchers and collectors more and more in recent years.The earliest examples of these ceramics can be dated to the end of the 17th century.
Enriched by the arrival of the Seljuks, the ceramic industry in Anatolia achieved a deservedly worldwide reputation with the support of the Ottoman court. Its roots can be traced at least as far back as the Uighurs of the 8th and 9th centuries. Religious rulings issued only in the ninth century discouraged the representation of any living beings capable of movement but they were not rigidly enforced until the fifteenth century. This is that old school 80’s movie depicting a hidden society within our own, that controls our lives and our mind via the use of subliminal messaging in advertising. Which seems to be the key event inspiring the message being communicated in this documentary. Our forensic professionals work quickly to extract critical information and provide the results in an easy to read format.
We believe that a logical, easy to understand presentation greatly facilitates the judge or jury arriving at the desired verdict. There are so many sources and so much more information available today that this task has become immense.
In their place, they propose six new models for producing and distributing expertise in society. It took a decade for AOL to achieve mainstream success, and there were many near-death experiences and back-to-the-wall pivots.
The second wave saw companies like Google and Facebook build on top of the Internet to create search and social networking capabilities, while apps like Snapchat and Instagram leverage the smartphone revolution. Some Americans have experienced more protracted local and regional blackouts, as in the aftermaths of Hurricanes Sandy and Katrina, and may be better able to imagine the consequences of a nationwide blackout lasting months or years, that plunges the entire United States into the dark.
This book shows that many debates over new technologies are framed in the context of risks to moral values, human health, and environmental safety.
Using detailed case studies of coffee, the printing press, margarine, farm mechanization, electricity, mechanical refrigeration, recorded music, transgenic crops, and transgenic animals, it shows how new technologies emerge, take root, and create new institutional ecologies that favor their establishment in the marketplace. The way you interact with the world through mediating structures, ranging from electronic devices to words and mental models, creates an inertial force which leads you away from your goals. The topics she has written about most recently include the software approach to the mind, A.I. The framework focuses on knowledge (what to know and understand), skills (how to use that knowledge), character (how to behave and engage in the world), and meta-learning (how to reflect on and adapt by continuing to learn and grow).
This was a time of great crisis at CIA, and some agency veterans have credited Hayden with actually saving the agency.
As Wharton professor Philip Tetlock showed in a landmark 2005 study, even experts’ predictions are only slightly better than chance. It involves gathering evidence from a variety of sources, thinking probabilistically, working in teams, keeping score, and being willing to admit error and change course. Just as skeins of geese form Vs in the sky without meaning to, and termites build mud cathedrals without architects, so brains take shape without brain-makers, learning can happen without teaching and morality changes without a plan.
Ridley demolishes the arguments for design and effectively makes the case for evolution in the universe, morality, genes, the economy, culture, technology, the mind, personality, population, education, history, government, God, money, and the future. In Dark Matter and the Dinosaurs, Lisa Randall proposes it was a comet that was dislodged from its orbit as the Solar System passed through a disk of dark matter embedded in the Milky Way.
How can the world’s rising nations hope to match Silicon Valley in creating their own innovation hotspots? This is an essential book for understanding how the world works—now and tomorrow—and a must-read for businesspeople in every sector, from every country.
How will we respond to androids, extraterrestrial life, and humans that have seemingly unlimited lifespan? Disch, in The Dreams Our Stuff Is Made Of, writes, “It is my contention that some of the most remarkable features of the present historical moment have their roots in a way of thinking that we have learned from science fiction.” Science fiction and futurism can be both predictive and prescriptive. But even the ones that will get it wrong (and let’s be honest, most science fiction does) are still critical for us now.
In this new golden age, you’ll be able to take full advantage of the latest scientific findings and leverage the power of technology to customize your care. The Great Acceleration is a vertiginous read, incredibly fast itself, and incredibly smart. Real rationality, of the sort studied by psychologists, social scientists, and mathematicians.
Collectively, these sequences of linked essays serve as a rich and lively introduction to the science—and the art—of human rationality. Since then, Robin has become an entrepreneur, and has worked on more than 10 early stage startups, including three as one of the Founders: The Organ Preservation Alliance, Exponential Medicine at Singularity University, and Morfit.
Cortez heard about the Aztec legend from some Indians who lived on the shore and decided to try to use it to his advantage. When the disciples asked Jesus for the sign of His coming and the end of the world, the very first thing He told them was to be on guard against impostors.
And the Bible makes it clear that he is able to transform himself and appear in different forms. He can simply show up around the world in various places, perform great miracles, make television appearances, and thereby deceive the entire world. While one army was distracted and looking at the diversion, the enemy came up from behind to conquer them. No one will accidentally miss it or be able to read about it in the newspaper the next day.
In the resurrection at the last day, there will be two kinds of people sleeping in the grave - the lost and the saved. This is why He said, "Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name?
In the same way, the righteous will be in the world when the seven last plagues fall (Revelation chapter 16), but God will preserve them. Believed to be one of the oldest living trees on the planet, it can live more than 4,000 years. If he can destroy the day that was set apart for God's people to spend quality time with their Creator, he can destroy the relationship. Notice that when the great tribulation begins, the cases of all people will have been forever decided. Satan must have an opportunity to demonstrate what a world that is completely under his power would be like. Picture Jesus in a fragile little boat on a dark sea, with the waves mounting and wind roaring. Though the furnace be heated seven times over, we can pass safely through it if Jesus is at our side.
A thousand may fall at your side, And ten thousand at your right hand; But it shall not come near you. Suddenly he found himself in a different, hostile world with the entire Serbian army combing every inch of ground in search of him. MJ-12 refers to an elite TOP SECRET military group called into action by United States presidential order to investigate and conceal real alien and UFO encounters. Its subsequent development was influenced by Karakhanid, Ghaznavid, and (especially) Iranian Seljuk art.
Usually lessons are 2 hours based and by the end of 2 hours, you will be able to finish one item like a tile, plate or a figure.
Seljuk mosques, medreses (theological academies), tombs, and palaces were lavishly decorated with exquisite tiles. The resulting design is then covered with a transparent glaze of a different color and then the piece is fired. Sarre came across a type of polychrome pottery that erroneously became known as 'Miletus ware'. Raby has proposed calling them the 'Tugrakes spiral style' instead.5 The motifs of tiny leaves and flowers on spirals are executed in shades of cobalt blue, turquoise, and black. The forerunner of the style is said to be a lamp in the Dome of the Rock that is dated 1549 and bears the signature 'Musli'. These ceramics have an extensive palette and are generally decorated with naturalistic flowers.
Countless examples of mosques and tombs not only in Istanbul but all over the empire were adorned with the products of the Iznik potters' skill.These underglaze-decorated ceramics and tiles were decorated with a rich palette of shades of cobalt blue, turquoise, green, black, brown, and the famous 'coral' or tomato red, the last of which appears in a slight relief resembling sealing-wax. The tiles on the Tomb of Sultan Mehmed Resad V in Eyup (Istanbul, 1918) for example were made at the manufactory of Hafiz Emin Usta, which was then operating in Kutahya. Fairly good-quality wares continued to be produced up until the beginning of the 19th century. Its subsequent development was influenced by Karakhanid, Ghaznavid, and (especially) Iranian Seljuk art.
Figural art is especially rich in tiles as well as stone and stucco reliefs of the Seljuk period, adorning both secular and religious reliefs monuments.
Our professionals have extensive experience testifying as expert witnesses before both the federal and state courts. AOL became the top performing company of the 1990s, and at its peak more than half of all consumer Internet traffic in the United States ran through the service.
Now, Case argues, we’re entering the Third Wave: a period in which entrepreneurs will vastly transform major “real world” sectors like health, education, transportation, energy, and food—and in the process change the way we live our daily lives. But it argues that behind these legitimate concerns often lie deeper, but unacknowledged, socioeconomic considerations. The book uses these lessons from history to contextualize contemporary debates surrounding technologies such as artificial intelligence, online learning, 3D printing, gene editing, robotics, drones, and renewable energy. By mastering these forces, you can evolve towards a mentally and physically greater being who inhabits a very different kind of reality. This book is essential for teachers, department heads, heads of schools, administrators, policymakers, standard setters, curriculum and assessment developers, and other thought leaders and influencers, who seek to develop a thorough understanding of the needs and challenges we all face, and to help devise innovative solutions.
He himself won’t go that far, but he freely acknowledges that CIA helped turn the American security establishment into the most effective killing machine in the history of armed conflict.
However, an important and underreported conclusion of that study was that some experts do have real foresight, and Tetlock has spent the past decade trying to figure out why. Superforecasting offers the first demonstrably effective way to improve our ability to predict the future—whether in business, finance, politics, international affairs, or daily life—and is destined to become a modern classic. Are our emotions, our beliefs, and our hopes and dreams ultimately meaningless out there in the void?
Crowdsourcing ideas, insights and wisdom from the World Economic Forum’s global network of business, government, civil society and youth leaders, this book looks deeply at the future that is unfolding today and how we might take collective responsibility to ensure it is a positive one for all of us. If our relationship today with what is both new, unknown, and different is derived from fear, it’s not a far extrapolation to see that mentality carried forward.
It’s difficult to overstate the significance of the practice of science fiction on shaping us today.
Only those who know how to access and adapt to these breakthroughs—without being distracted by hyped ideas and bad medicine—will benefit. An entire nation was deceived and destroyed - in part because the prophecies of their god's return were so ambiguous that almost anyone could have served as a counterfeit. Found on lonely mountaintops, some of these ancient evergreens have weathered thousands of years of intense freezing wind, pounding rain, scorching sun, and violent electrical storms.
303-313, during the era represented by the Smyrna church (Revelation 2:10), God's people suffered a 10-year period of tribulation. Remember that the children of Israel knew the Sabbath was part of God's law before they ever came to Mount Sinai (Exodus 16:22-28). We see this happen over and over again between husbands and wives or between fathers and sons.
His goal is to keep people so busy with work and so preoccupied with the cares of this life that they have no time to worship their Creator. And so God will finally allow the winds of strife to blow unhindered - but not before His servants are sealed (Revelation 7:1-3). With the Seljuks' victory over the Byzantines at Malazgirt in 1071, the art followed them into Anatolia and embarked upon a new period of strong development fostered by the Anatolian Seljuk sultanate.There is a widely held but quite erroneous belief that figurative painting, is not found in Islamic art due to prohibition by the Koran. Examples of such tile-clad structures can still be seen in the Seljuks' capital city of Konya as well as in the cities of Sivas, Tokat, Beysehir, Kayseri, Erzurum, Malatya, and Alanya.The most frequently-encountered type of architectural decoration during the Anatolian Seljuk period involved the use of glazed brick in which glazed (and also unglazed) bricks were arranged to produce a variety of patterns, mostly on the facades of buildings. In the slip technique, the design is painted onto a red-paste surface using diluted white slip to produce a slightly molded effect. We now know, as a result of recent excavations, that these wares were actually made in Iznik.
In this object we find a new palette of colors incorporating, in addition to the traditional cobalt blue and turquoise, eggplant violet and a cumin green. Many examples of Kutahya ceramics from this period are to be found in museum and private collections in Turkey.The difficult straits into which the Iznik industry had fallen in the 18th century inspired some in Istanbul to establish a reliable source of tiles that was closer to home and easier to control.
In addition, efforts are also being made in private workshops and educational institutions in Iznik, Istanbul, and Bursa to keep the art of traditional Turkish tiles and ceramics alive and develop it so that it can address the demands of modern-day life.Felt Making Workshops in Istanbul,Traditional Turkish Felt Making,Felt is a non-woven cloth that is produced by matting, condensing and pressing woollen fibres.
With the Seljuks' victory over the Byzantines at Malazgirt in 1071, the art followed them into Anatolia and embarked upon a new period of strong development fostered by the Anatolian Seljuk sultanate. The subjects included nobility as well as servants, hunters and hunting animals, trees, birds, sphinxes, lions, sirens, dragons and double-headed eagles.


After Case engineered AOL’s merger with Time Warner and he became Chairman of the combined business, Case oversaw the biggest media and communications empire in the world. But success in the Third Wave will require a different skill set, and Case outlines the path forward. Technological tensions are often heightened by perceptions that the benefits of new technologies will accrue only to small sections of society while the risks will be more widely distributed. It ultimately makes the case for shifting greater responsibility to public leaders to work with scientists, engineers, and entrepreneurs to manage technological change, make associated institutional adjustments, and expand public engagement on scientific and technological matters.
Self-awareness fades, reflection blinks out, and at last we are completely immersed in our own minds.
She is also a fellow with the Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies and the Center of Theological Inquiry in Princeton. They’ve even beaten the collective judgment of intelligence analysts with access to classified information. Here are vivid tales about possible tomorrows, from the keen eye and colorful pen of David Brin, a modern master of speculative fiction.
Hugh Howey’s “The Automated Ones” projects current fear-based bigotry into our relationship with AI life.
Swift’s Electric Rifle, referencing the pulp science fiction classic that gave inspiration to the modern-day inventor.
Through resilience and incredible fortune, the future may turn out far more marvelous than even the stories in this book could imagine.
The most important aspect about explorations of the future is that they be written and be read. Imagine being able to get fit and lose weight without dieting, train your immune system to fight cancer, edit your DNA to avoid a certain fate, erase the risk of a heart attack, reverse aging, and know exactly which drugs to take to optimize health with zero side effects. The Bible plainly teaches that when Jesus comes again, every one of our senses will be bombarded with evidence! But perhaps the most notable time of trouble was the 1,260 years of intense persecution waged against true Christians during the Dark Ages.
He knows that if he can cause people to neglect the Sabbath rest, they will never have time to think seriously of salvation. We too may have to endure a brief time of trouble, but it will fade into insignificance when compared with the glorious moment when Jesus comes crashing through the skies with His angelic armies to rescue His children.
Religious rulings issued only in the ninth century discouraged the representation of any living beings capable of movement but they were not rigidly enforced until the fifteenth century. We also have the Tile owen to finish the process.Group lessons for High Schools and Universities can be provided all year long.
Turquoise was the most frequently-used color for glaze although cobalt blue, eggplant violet, and sometimes black were also popular. There are rare examples with traces of gilding.A third technique in which the Anatolian Seljuks were skilled was that of mosaic tile.
The surface is then given a coating of transparent glaze colored blue, green, or light or dark brown and then fired. The styles, designs, decorations, and techniques of these ceramics are quite distinct from Seljuk traditions.
During this period, naturalistic such as tulips, roses, pomegranates and hyacinths begin to enrich the repertoire of stylized plant motifs and arabesques.
Although the traditional designs of stylized plant motifs, arabesques, and Chinese clouds appear in the compositions, there is a shift towards a more naturalistic style in which tulips, carnations, hyacinths, roses, spring blossoms, lilies, cypress trees, and clusters of grapes and vine leaves appear.
Ibrahim Pasa, a grand vizier during the reign of Ahmed III (1703-1730), had a tile-making factory set up at Tekfur Sarayi in Istanbul. Designs consist of underglaze spots, simply-drawn ships, flowers, fish, birds, and buildings that are applied free-hand. While some types of felt are very soft, some are tough enough to form construction materials. Our experts have followed people all over the United Stated using our state of the art GPS tracking devices. Similarly, innovations that threaten to alter cultural identities tend to generate intense social concern.
The evidence of dramatic change is all around us and it’s happening at exponential speed.
Patterns of thought and belief that are thousands of years old still hold sway in shaping our reactions. Nicole Anderson’s “The Birth of the Dawn” shows a different relationship to human 2.0—one built on enthusiasm and wonder. Beyond technological foresight, science fiction functions as a lab for thought experiments.
Now he knows that he is doomed, but his last taunting gesture against heaven will be to personate Jesus and receive the worship of a lost world.
Jesus emphasizes at both the beginning and the end of this passage that these earlier judgments, which destroyed all of the wicked, were examples of what would happen at His second coming. Figural art is especially rich in tiles as well as stone and stucco reliefs of the Seljuk period, adorning both secular and religious reliefs monuments.
This was also employed in interiors, especially in mihrab niches, the interiors of domes, transitions to domes, vaults, and walls. During the firing, the areas decorated with slip assume a lighter shade of the glaze color, which appears darker in the ground.
They are decorated with motifs executed in tones of blue, turquoise, and violet under a colorless or colored glaze. These changes in the Iznik potters' production habits are attributed to attempts to imitate the 15th-century Ming porcelains that were reaching the Ottoman court in various ways.
Compositions are relaxed and free, offering greater scope for experimentation with new and richer arrangements. The output unfortunately was incomparably inferior to that of Iznik: designs were poor copies of Iznik originals, glazes had a blue cast and were flawed, and colors were dull and lifeless.
Felt can be of any colour, and made into any shape or size.Many cultures have legends as to the origins of feltmaking.
We have even brought criminals to justice using the GPS devices, video taping and surveillance hand in hand.
Communications, transportation, industry, business and finance—all of the critical infrastructures that support modern civilization and the lives of the American people would be paralyzed by collapse of the electric power grid. As such, societies that exhibit great economic and political inequities are likely to experience heightened technological controversies. What seemed to be obvious societal advances, in hindsight, were actually challenging battles.
I'm sure he will even quote Scripture, as he did while tempting Christ in the wilderness (Matthew 4:1-6). The Bible is crystal clear that life on earth does not continue for either man or beast after Jesus comes.
How is it that ye have no faith?a€? Jesus rested with the peace of a baby because He lived by faith in His heavenly Father.
Examples in which the motifs have black contours are also known, as are pieces with black decorations under a turquoise glaze. Tile manufacturing at Tekfur Sarayi lasted thirty years or so and the enterprise was generally regarded as a failure.
The most common forms are dishes, plates, and jars.During the 19th century, quality dropped off sharply. The great tribulation corresponds with the time during which the seven last plagues of Revelation chapter 16 will fall. Different styles of calligraphy adorn the tile friezes on monuments; on utensils we find images of ships, 'rock-and-wave' motifs, triple-spots, animal figures, and fish-scale patterns. Nevertheless some of its output was used in buildings in Istanbul such as the Hekimoglu Ali Pasa Mosque (1734), the Yeni Valide Mosque (Uskudar, 1708), the Cezeri Kasim Pasa Mosque (Eyup, a restoration done in 1726 of a mosque originally built in 1515), and Kandilli Mosque (1751).
Forms from this period consist of jars, ewers, jugs, vases, flower-pots, and candle-holders as well as animal and human figurines.
The story of Saint Clement and Saint Christopher relates that while fleeing from persecution, the men packed their sandals with wool to prevent blisters.
You will remember that when Moses went in before Pharaoh to plead for the children of Israel, the magicians of Egypt were able to duplicate the first few signs from God (Exodus Chapters 7, 8). The pieces were arranged glazed-side down after which a whitish mortar was poured over them.
A feature of most 'Miletus' ware is that the interiors are given a coating of slip but part of the exteriors and the bases are not.
There is also a proliferation in vessel forms of which deep and footed bowls, vases, ewers, dishes, lamps, candle-holders, and mugs are but a few.Around the middle of the 17th century, the quality of the Iznik potteries began to feel the impact of the economic distress and political upheavals from which the Ottoman Empire had begun to suffer.
There is also a hearth, now in the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, whose tiles were made at Tekfur Saray.
Only a single-color glaze was used in these ceramics and there are instances in which black, white, blue, red, yellow, or gilded designs were applied over the glaze.10 Ceramic manufacturing at Canakkale was still being carried out as late as the middle of the 20th century.
At the end of their journey, the movement and sweat had turned the wool into felt socks.Feltmaking is still practised by nomadic peoples in Central Asia and northern parts of East Asia, where rugs, tents and clothing are regularly made. Threats to the electric power grid are posed by cyber attack, sabotage, a geomagnetic super-storm, and electromagnetic pulse (EMP) from the high-altitude detonation of a nuclear weapon.
Satan is in the business of deception, and we know that he is saving his greatest deception of all for the last days.
Designs tend to be plant motifs and geometrical arrangements but animal figures are also encountered. The decorations include stylized foliage, arabesques, and Chinese clouds alone or in skillfully-executed compositions.Iznik blue-and-whites can be classified in a number of subgroups on the basis of their motifs and styles.
Some of these are traditional items, such as the classic yurt, while others are designed for the tourist market, such as decorated slippers. Blackout Wars warns that terrorists and rogue states are developing a revolutionary new military strategy that could exploit all of these threats in combination, including exploiting the opportunity of severe weather or a geo-storm, to collapse the national electric grid and all the critical infrastructures. On the other hand, might fantastically potent new beings emerge out of ourselves, as revealed in “Chrysalis”? Mosaic-tile compositions are generally geometrical but floral motifs and Kufic or Thuluth calligraphy are also found. The contours of the designs are picked out with a mixture of beeswax or vegetable fat and manganese oxide. One group, with motifs consisting of stylized lobed leaves with curling tips is attributed to a 'Baba Nakkas', a chief designer at the Ottoman court studios in the 15th century, and is therefore known as the Baba Nakkas style .4 Cobalt blue in various tones is the principal color.
In the Western world, felt is widely used as a medium for expression in textile art as well as design, where it has significance as an ecological textile.Traditional Turkish Felt Workshop by Mehmet Girgic Mehmet girgic is a master Craftmen in Felt Making in Istanbul and we make our workshops in his Studio by himself or his assistants.
Featuring guest appearances by Gregory Benford, Jules Verne, and Galileo, this adventure takes you beyond the very singularity in “Stones of Significance,” pondering what could happen after humans are like gods. During the firing, the wax or fat burns away producing contours of red or black that also prevent the differently-colored glazes from running into one another.The cuerda seca technique permits extremely complex and detailed designs to be applied to ceramic surfaces.
One, a composition of thick motifs radiating around a central motif, is identical to the grooved designs on metal bath-bowls.2,The late 15th and early 16th century marks the beginning of a new period in Ottoman tile and ceramic-making. For the first time in history, the most dysfunctional societies, like North Korea that cannot even feed its own people, or even non-state actors like terrorists, could destroy the most successful societies on Earth—by means of a Blackout War. In addition to plant motifs, examples decorated with calligraphy and (less commonly) geometric patterns that are a continuation of Seljuk traditions are to be found.
During this period the Iznik manufactories apparently turned their attentions more and more to the demands of customers who were less finicky than the Istanbul court and its circles.
Attacking the electric grid enables an adversary to strike at the technological and societal Achilles Heel of U.S. A rich and subtle palette of colors was available with colors such as turquoise, cobalt blue, lilac, yellow, black, and pistachio. Designs prepared by artists who were employed in the studios of the Ottoman court were sent to Iznik to be executed in wares ordered for use at the palace.
There is even evidence, in the form of written complaints, that orders placed by the court in Istanbul were being delayed.8 By the 18th century, the ceramic industry in Iznik had died out completely and Kutahya replaced it as the leading center in western Anatolia. In the lesson you will make the whole stages of a Felt making process and by the evening, you will be able to finish 1 item like a hat, bag, shoe, a scarf or a design that you choose.. The only place in Anatolia were tiles of this type have been found is Alaeddin Kiosk in Konya. The court's patronage stimulated and supported the development of an artistically and technically advanced ceramic industry in Iznik. Indeed, Kutahya had been in operation as a secondary center along with Iznik since the 14th century 9 but its production always paled in Iznik's brilliance.
Blackout Wars likens this new Revolution in Military Affairs to Nazi Germany’s Blitzkrieg strategy, secretly developed and tested in low-profile experiments during the 1930s, sprung upon the Allies in 1939-1941 in a series of surprise attacks that nearly enabled the Third Reich to win World War II.
The palette of colors that this technique offers is much greater and one finds shades of violet, blue, turquoise, green, red, brown, black, and white as well as gilding. Fine examples of cuerda seca tiles are to be found at the Bursa Green Mosque (1419-1420) and Tomb (1421-1422) the Mosque of Murad II (Edirne, 1436), the Tiled Kiosk (Istanbul), and the Tomb of Prince Mehmed (Istanbul, 1548). But where production at Iznik was discontinued, Kutahya plodded on.For a while, the Kutahya potters produced inferior copies of Iznik blue-and-whites but they also began producing ceramics whose forms, colors, and techniques are quite distinct.
Some colors were applied under the glaze and then fired; others were applied over the glaze which then received a secondary opaque white, transparent, or turquoise glaze and was fired again. Among them are a group of Christian liturgical utensils and tiles with religious themes that were made by Armenian potters for their churches.
The designs of minai tiles are lively and reminiscent of miniatures with themes taken from palace and court life.In underglaze tiles, the designs are painted onto the surface, which is then glazed before the tile is fired. 18th-century Kutahya ceramics are made with a white paste and are usually decorated with underglaze-applied designs in yellow, red, green, cobalt blue, turquoise, black, and violet.
Betul is our professional Artist that is graduated from Mimar Sinan University department of fine Arts in Istanbul. She is professional in Ottoman Calligraphy - Tile Design & Turkish Motives - Ottoman Paper Marbling.
Turkish Paper marbling is a method of aqueous surface design, which can produce patterns similar to marble or other stone, hence the name. Forms, which can be elegant, include thin-walled small cups, saucers, bowls, ewers, pitchers, flasks, incense-burners, lemon-squeezers, and ornamental eggs. The patterns are the result of color floated on either plain water or a viscous solution known as size, and then carefully transferred to a sheet of paper (or other surfaces such as fabric). Fine examples of these tiles have been discovered at the excavations of the Kubadabad Palace in Beysehir, where the tiles are decorated with plant motifs as well as with figures of human beings and animals.The luster technique first appeared in Abbasid Iraq. This decorative material has been used to cover a variety of surfaces for several centuries. Later developed to a high level by the Fatimids in Egypt, it was successfully employed by the Iranian Seljuks. It is often employed as a writing surface fo calligraphy, and especially book covers and endpapers in bookbinding and stationery. Part of its appeal is that each print is a unique monoprint.Need a break from the hustle and bustle of tourist life in Istanbul? The tiles discovered at the excavations of the palace are now on display at the Karatay Medrese Museum in Konya.
Luster tiles are decorated in an overglaze technique in which the design is painted with lusterA?a mixture of metallic oxides incorporating silver and copperA?onto a previously glazed and fired surface. Ottoman - Turkish Calligraphy, also known as Arabic calligraphy, is the art of writing, and by extension, of bookmaking. The tiles are then given a second firing at a lower temperature producing a range of lustrous, mostly brownish and yellowish tones. Seljuk palace luster tiles are decorated with plant motifs as well as with human and animal figures.Anatolian Seljuks sometimes used square, rectangular, hexagonal, and triangular tiles to cover interior walls.
Its origin might ultimately hark back to China, where a document from the T'ang dynasty (618-907) mentions a process of coloring paper on water with five hues.
These tiles are plain, with turquoise, violet, or cobalt blue being the chief colors applied in the underglaze technique. Sometimes the traces of overglaze gilding are to be found; however because the gilding was fired at a low temperature (or not fired at all), it was not durable and has mostly disappeared. By carefully laying the paper over the bath, the floating picture on top of it is readily transferred to the paper; thus, each ebru is a one of a kind print. To obtain beautiful ebru results, one needs to have a light hand, refined taste, and an open mind to the unexpected patterns forming on the water. Patience and a good knowledge of traditional culture are characteristic of ebru masters.After the 1550's, booklovers in Europe prized ebru, which came to be known as ‘Turkish papers’.
Many specimens in their collections and in the several album amicorum books are visible today in various museums.
Also, early texts dealing with ebru, such as “Discourse on decorating paper in the Turkish manner”, published in 1664 by Athanasius Kircher in Rome, helped to disseminate the knowledge of this kind of marbling art.
There is agreement amongst scholars that the so-called Turkish Papers played a colourful influence on the book arts in Europe.MATERIALS USED IN CLASSICAL TURKISH MARBLING Gum tragacath – Dye – Paintbrush – Basin – Water – Paper - Gall Gum Tragacant is obtained from trunk of a thorny plant growing naturally in Anatolian, Persian and Turkestan mountians and called “gaven”. The sap coming out of scratches made on the branches dries up later and solidifies in bone white colored pieces .
Turkish is a very rich country in respect of such natural dyes.Any kind of earth may be first translated into mud then filtered and crushed to from a dye.
In older times rainwater was favorite but because of acide rain in our times it is no longer advisable. Paper: The ideal paper is the one handmade and having a high absorbtion capacity and acid-free.
In order to increasethe absorbtion capaticy and to fix the dye on it(more durable) and alumina solution may be applied on the paper surface. For instance when blue yellow are simultaneously applied and mixed up as much as possible never green comes out.3. MARBLING APPLIED TO PAPER PATTERNS,Marbling is similar to cooking; it is impossible to give the exact recipe.
The density of the gummed water and the relationships between the water and the dye, the dye and the tensioning agent (gall), the quantity of gall in the dye are all very important. Now if this basic pattern is handled by parellel lines made by a thin pencil or chip moved back and forth you obtain “the back-and-forth”.
When a convolute line is applied from the outer circumference towards the centre you obtain a “nightingale nest”. In the event small colorfull dots are spotted on the back-and-forth or shawl design you get the “sprinkled marbling”.
If, instead, you apply larger dots (which means with higher rate of gall contents) you obtain the “prophyry marble” which resemble most to marble.,Nonetheless above patterns may be divesified by selecting one of the above as a basis and making concentric drops of different colors. Mehmet Efendi (the orator of Saint Sophia, deceased in 1973) first formed flower and other patterns, wich were subsequenly called the “Orator pattern” (Hatip ebrusu). The paper is then careflly lifted off the basin without stripping too much the gum off the surface.
This infinity of colors and shapes quickly formed makes the marbling amazing at and fascinates the spectator (if any). Hikmet BARUTCUGIL,Mimar Sinan University paper marbling, fabric marbling, faux marbling, parrys graining and marbling, marbling paint, contemporary create design fabric marbling paper technique traditional, Turkish Marbling - Ebru Lessons in Istanbul.Turkish Paper marbling is a method of aqueous surface design, which can produce patterns similar to marble or other stone, hence the name. It is often employed as a writing surface for calligraphy, and especially book covers and endpapers in bookbinding and stationery.
Come take an art class with the remarkable Turkish artist Bahar !LEARN the secrets of creating the rich patterns of handmade marble paper .
CONTEMPORARY create design fabric marbling paper technique designs on paper, glass or on silk fabrics .Our teacher that is shown in our pictures is Ms. Contemporary artists in the Islamic world draw on the heritage of calligraphy to use calligraphic inscriptions or abstractions in their work.LEARN the secrets of creating the rich patterns of handmade marble paper .
EXPERIENCE the sensuous flow of Ottoman Calligraphy,CONTEMPORARY create designs with Turkish patternts on tiles,Our teacher that is shown in the pictures are Mrs.



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