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04.07.2014
Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The secret life of the brainThe human brain has developed a hugelyefficient way of getting us through life– but its management style means thatwe are often unaware of why we act theway we do.
The secret life of the brainNew discoveries revealing how the brain reallydecides have important implications for anyoneinvolved in influencing and understanding humanbehaviour.
The secret life of the brainThe economist Herbert Simon referred to isn’t actually involved in decision-making at It genuinely believes that it makes all decisions,this system of putting bounds on our use all.
The secret life of the brainTalking to the wrong brain which aggregate measures of purchase intentThis creates a huge problem for marketers appear roughly correct thanks to roughly equaland researchers because System 2 is the numbers of respondents giving the oppositeconsciousness they invoke when asking wrong answers.
The secret life of the brainCutting out the spin doctor the chance to start spinning about decisionsThe first task is potentially the simplest. The secret life of the brainInto the System 1 world connections last longer, but because they the brain. The secret life of the brainSystem 1 strategy The importance of repeated experience in men who see the ad, and creating strongerOnce brands and marketers are armed with reinforcing neural connections means that affective memory patterns as a result. On Distractions One of the most troublesome parts of growing older, says Strauch, is that humans grow more distracted as they age. The Best Brains of Our Lives A Bit Slower, but So Much Better Here's a short quiz.
You’ve probably even gotten some papers published along the way, with a handful of them (if you’re lucky) with you as the lead author! And finally, it is very likely not even a document that anyone outside of your committee (with the exception of a few good friends, and possibly your grandmother) will ever read.
That you are capable of making original, valuable contributions in an active field of research. That you are aware of and informed about the broad landscape of your field, the background and currently competing work being done on your specific sub-field, and that your professional opinions are well-informed and backed up by your knowledge and legitimate reasoning. That the body of work you submit in your dissertation is comprehensive enough to merit a Ph.D. And, perhaps most importantly, that you are ready to go off and continue your research (if you so choose) without the guidance of your mentor(s). The first, second, and fourth of these are things you must convince your committee of during your defense; the third, however, is something that must speak for itself within your written dissertation.
Get your University’s unique template, learn how to format your work properly within it, and marvel at how close you are! You make some great points here, but for applied sciences a dissertation might actually be read by people outside your committee. A mate of mine doing his Chemistry dissertation almost slipped up in my opinion when they used a model to produce the energy potential of the product he was looking at in 3D as opposed to the 2D he did earlier. Although I am no where near writing a dissertation, this is still applicable for my thesis.
May you have some pleasure during this arduous time–and best wishes for a completed dissertation you’re proud of! I’m on my final year, and have finished one paper, drafted another, and then am collecting my final data for the final two papers. About the only difference would be you can and should put spoilers in the introduction and abstract, but take them out for the book form. Wish I have read it before start writing my thesis, spent almost a year writing and faced cycles of panic, procrastination etc (as you mentioned) and conclusion yet to be done! Recent CommentsSinisa Lazarek on Ask Ethan: Can We Use Quantum Entanglement To Communicate Faster-Than-Light?
Bli forst att betygsatta och recensera boken The Secret Life of the Grown-Up Brain: The Surprising Talents of the Middle-Aged Mind.
The amygdala, an almond shaped structure located in the mid-section of the brain, is crucial to our survival. It is important to note that once the amygdala is triggered all other brain systems slow down and come to a grinding halt, including the thinking and creative parts.
So you see, you may have started out all happy, enthusiastic and motivated proclaiming that this time is THE time, but as your unconscious mind weighs-in all the change, it freaks! In order to get past our amygdala without waking it up, we need to quietly and carefully tip-toe past it, one tiny little change at a time. Make your little bites calming, non-threatening baby steps, and you will Tip-Toe Past the Amygdala. Life Stylist, Producer and Founder of VividLife.me, reaching over 3 million around the globe. Through over 10,000 blogs, audio conversations and videos, VividLife.me provides you with the most current, optimistic and inspiring content, empowering you to live a happy, healthy and wealthy life mind, body and spirit. As you rotate this face you will notice that the orientation of the image switches from convex to concave and back again.
In Zollner's illusion of direction, parallel lines appear crooked when lines at 45 degrees intersect them. In the first of a series of articles, we lookat the challenge of understanding the unconsciousrules of thumb that govern our daily lives.Human beings like to think of other humans asrational creatures, that make logical choices andunderstand why they behave the way that theydo. However, it has a monopoly on the task whereas in many cases it is simply spinning themof reasoning as “satisficing” (a term coined of explaining what we do and why we do it – in a way that seems logical.
It’s a natural neurological platform forThe heuristics through which System 1 makes transmit faster. Whenan understanding of how the System 1 brain factors such as availability, affordability and these same young men next walk past theoperates, they can start to develop effective distribution are hugely important to brands’ true brand in a bar or supermarket, these affectivestrategies for influencing it. You may start to think of brining your Thanksgiving turkey, for instance, while driving along a highway. Look at the following list: January February March April January February March May January February March June January February March — What would the next word be?
What you may not realize is that 75% of your dissertation is already done, you just need to take advantage of it!


Those four papers that will be finished are chapters 2-5 of your dissertation, and those two unfinished projects are Appendix A and Appendix B. This is important, and it needs to tie together all of the (likely) very different papers and topics you wrote on into one unified idea.
This is just two or three sentences introducing your field, followed by one sentence about each of your papers, and concluded with one or two sentences about future work. This is a summary of what you’ve accomplished as well as a detailed discussion of what challenges remain in your field, with some detailed plans for future directions that your work is going to take you.
You are expected to write a substantial introduction, but the remainder of the thesis consists of your five-ish papers literally appended, without even re-formatting, to the introduction.
Thank you because I am considering taking the plunge and doing a phd and the thought of it is freaking me out! You have been able to twist everything and not make it sound like it is the end of the world. I begin to gather the whole info about dissertation writing and will add this one to my collection. Imagine what would happen if you saw the lion, heard his roar, and stopped to assess the situation and think of a creative way to communicate with him.
However, the amydgala is also set off whenever a situation feels overwhelming, too big to handle. In order to permanently remove those extra pounds, we change what we eat, how we eat, when we eat. And you could leave all those great intentions in the dust, the commitment, the enthusiasm, the positive energy and the new healthy living plan – abandoned once again- it’s just too much! Small goals give your brain an opportunity to be free to think and create, to build new neuro-pathways. Browsing VividLife.me you find engaging materials from thought leaders, best-selling authors and wellness experts from around the globe. The illusion vanishes when held far enough away from the eye to distinguish the short crossing lines.
Fortunately for the survival and sanity of ourspecies, we’re wrong.The human brain is certainly capable ofspectacularly rational thought.
Consumers constantlythey did what they did – and therefore the shift spend between a repertoire of brandsconsciousness that they build brand propositions rather than making the consistent choices thatand advertising strategies around.
We find thehas already done extensive work re-engineering same pattern when respondents are asked tobrand tracker surveys to avoid System 2 giving rank brands: knowing which brand is rankedwell-intentioned but misleading answers. This canFamiliarity bias is a heuristic that results from happen unconsciously, as when our brain isthe regular reinforcing of neural connections primed to focus on different things in differentthrough repeated exposure or the regular environments (making us unable to see itemsrepeating of an action. Quite simply, it’s your way of proving to your committee that you are a competent scientist in your own right, capable of standing on your own two feet as a scientist, researcher, and academic. You need to put all of your original work in the context of your broad and specific fields of research. This is where you include references to current, active work being done in your particular sub-fields of interest, and where you set up the motivation for your appendices. But you must remember that the goal of your dissertation is not to change the world; it’s to finish it and to do a good enough job to graduate!
If your best work is your dissertation, regardless of the field, your post graduate career has been a disappointment.
Well, at least I can say that by reading this I have put myself into a more concentrating zone because I have just started my dissertation and after I read that the approximate time to finish it, research, etc. Its original function was to alert us when a drooling, hungry, man-eating lion was about to attack, lest we get eaten alive! You know, when we attempt to change, walk the road less traveled or take a trip to Sveltesville.
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This is because we recognize faces as convex objects and therefore as soon as we recognize an object as a face, the brain will perceive it as a convex object. Moments ofsupreme logical deduction have helped us tograsp the physical laws of the universe andour planet, expanded our understanding ofourselves, put men on the moon and muchmore besides. Yet in we might expect if decisions were based onanswering their questions, System 2 is often applied, reasoned thought.struggling to explain decisions that it had noimmediate part in.
This number 1 on satisfaction is far more valuable ininvolves ruthlessly focusing on the metrics that predicting future behaviour than knowing whichactually relate to the way the brain works, and brands are ranked 2, 3, 4 and lower. Because theconnections between neurons in the brain decayover time, these patterns are inherently unstableand potentially unpredictable. Over time, this favours that are out of place in a supermarket shelf, forthe activation of specific associations over example); or consciously, when we have made aother, less familiar ones. Products that consumers memories fire up far faster than those triggeredensuring competitiveness on the heuristics see and have the opportunity to buy regularly by rival brands thanks to the benefits of heavilythat are most influential for their category – have far more opportunity to reinforce relevant reinforced neural connections. This means giving a broad (and well-referenced) overview of your sub-field, how it fits into the broad context of your field and why it’s important, and how your specific research has addressed some of these particular issues. System 1 performs it using our limited brain resources is particularly familiar for humans inWest first described in a seminal paper of the resources as efficiently and rapidly as possible. This means that be a company Chairman who has set corporatesatisficing, we focus only on finding a solution System 2 often has the job of coming up with strategy in the past (since System 2’s rationalthat’s good enough for our needs, and avoid explanations for decisions that it wasn’t actually thought helps set the framework for the wayexhausting ourselves trying to find the best involved in. However, notall neural connections are created equal; someare both stronger and more durable thanothers. For a shopper in a decision to focus on a heuristic such as price.supermarket, this might involve buying exactlythe same brand and type of shampoo every time When focusing on a single heuristic, we invokethat they visit – something that sales data tells Gigerenzer’s Stopping Rules, whereby ourus happens 45 percent of the time. The brand leapsor alternatively, hijacking the heuristic process networks of neurons and benefit from cognitive out at the consumer and stands an increasedby creating and triggering powerful affective biases like familiarity. Even if end attempting to figure out a rational way toby lions and leopards whilst we balanced the we’d somehow made it into the 21st century, compare breakfast cereals. However, decision-making uses a small, manageablebecause the neural connections biasing this combination of attributes to differentiate ourchoice are not permanent, familiarity bias choices – and then stops as soon as it finds thecannot be relied upon if the reinforcement is choice that wins on that basis.


On the other hand, a chance of ending up in their shopping basketmemories in the brain that demand even product that is out of sight through lack of or pint glass.more attention.
And you know, we all have a lot going on in our lives, but I think there was sort of a qualitative difference in this. Depressingly,make famous in his landmark book, Thinking, down on the need for brain time, epitomise this happens because we encounter less that isFast and Slow), we have broadly speaking, two the way that System 1 goes about things.
As a result, the vast majority of with the chemical and biological processesbrand research engages System 2, whilst lots of taking place within our System 1 brain in orderbrand decisions don’t engage System 2 at all. This will create a bigger neural footprint in your brain, creating more ways for your brain to remember. System 2 monitorsresources in this way gets us through life Rory Sutherland, the vice chairman of Ogilvy, our unconscious behaviour and it can step inincredibly efficiently whilst allowing System 2 to has a handy metaphor that captures the very effectively when needed. Unsurprisingly, spontaneous awareness complex one: getting to the bottom ofcorrelates far better with actual behaviour how System 1 actually works. While the most regular users prices, for example, we don’t waste brain timeof a brand are most likely to maintain their level weighing up the detailed characteristics of eachof usage the following year, consumers who product; instead, we quickly approximate whichuse the brand on a less frequent basis are more seems to offer the best relative value. The fewer novel situationsforms of consciousness, two ways of using heuristic can best be understood as a rule of that we encounter, the less System 2 getsour brain. But it struggles tofocus on the tasks that really require it, such as relationship between the two elements of distinguish between the times it decided – andworking out a complicated cost-benefit analysis our consciousness.
We reserve the slow, resource-heavy thumb; a means of approximating what the best involved in our daily lives, the less our rationaland exhaustively rational part that Stanovich course of action is likely to be, without the need consciousness is engaged with what we areand West termed System 2 only for occasions to consider options in any more detail than is doing and the less sense our brain has ofwhen we really, really need it. The simple and obvious researchers to leave the rational consciousnesssolution is to cut aided awareness questions behind and look in more detail at the chemicalout of tracker surveys – and not give System 2 processes that take place in the brain.
For example, forgetting the name of someone you're talking to or drawing a blank when trying to come up with a book title.
And what they think happens is that you do tend to fall into a daydreaming default mode more easily. The heuristics that System 1 uses form part of an ongoing model of the world that has a near-instant answer to most situations that we encounter. They didn't know it existed in the brain before, and they're now studying it and trying to figure out how that happens." Researchers who study brain scans find that as humans age, their processing speed may be a bit slower, and they might miss a beat while first trying to focus on something.
The answers are, in order, July, September, and, for the number sequence the next number would be 4 (and then 76.
Only when System 1 encounters a new situation that doesn’t fit into this model does it encourage the slow-moving, energy-intensive resources of System 2 to get involved. And if you're middle-aged and have figured out all of them, you can be proud — your brain is humming along just fine. Indeed, despite long-held beliefs to the contrary, there's mounting evidence that at middle age we may be smarter than we were in our twenties.
Sometimes this mental trick will jog the correct pathways when a name is on the tip of your tongue.
Smarter and still unable, once we get to the hardware store, to remember why we went there in the first place?
Smarter and,despite our best efforts to concentrate on one thing at a time, finding our brains bouncing about like billiard balls? In addition, she says, certain studies show that an older brain can solve problems better than a younger brain.
Warner Schaie, run one of the longest, largest, and most respected life-span studies, the Seattle Longitudinal Study, which was started in 1956 and has systematically tracked the mental prowess of six thousand people for more than forty years. The study's participants, chosen at random from a large health-maintenance organization in Seattle, are all healthy adults, evenly divided between men and women with varying occupations and between the ages of twenty and ninety.
Every seven years, the Penn State team retests participants to find out how they are doing.
For many years, researchers had information from only cross-sectional human life-span studies, which track different people across time looking for patterns. Most longitudinal studies, considered the gold standard for any scientific analysis, were not begun until the 1950s and are only now yielding solid information. While not perfect, the tests are a fair indicator of how well we do in certain everyday tasks, from deciphering an insurance form to planning a wedding.
For four of the six abilities studied middle-aged individuals are functioning at a higher level than they did at age 25." When I first learned of this, I was surprised. After researching the science on the adolescent brain, I knew that our brains continue to change and improve up to age twenty-five. Many scientists left it at that, believing that while our brains underwent large-scale renovations through our teens, that was about it. I, too, thought that as the brain entered middle age, it was solidified and staid, at best — and, more likely, if it was changing in any big way, was headed downhill. We can be more easily distracted and, at times, find it more taxing to tackle difficult new problems, not to mention our inability to remember why we went down to the basement. However, Bill is not seeing that his brain is far more talented than he gives it credit for. Top performance was reached a bit earlier on average for men, who peaked in their late fifties.
Men also tended to hold on to processing speed a bit longer and do better overall with spatial tests. Women, on the other hand, consistently did better than men on verbal memory and vocabulary and their scores kept climbing later into their sixties.) From The Secret Life of the Grown-Up Brain by Barbara Strauch.



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