The secret to building the pyramids wet sand,class 3c has a secret book 2,secret mountain fort awesome inappropriate,secret web browser apk mania - PDF Review

27.03.2014
The secret behind the moving of heavy and large stones to construct the Pyramids, the last remaining Ancient World Wonders, has been discovered and revealed by a team of scientists.
The dampness of the sand from pouring the right amount of water significantly reduced friction and how much force was required to move the huge stones, which, on average, are approximately 2.5 tons in weight. An intricate laboratory experiment allowed the scientists to reach this conclusion,which they believe is the most probable reason behind how the large stones were moved. Figure 1: A large pile of sand accumulates in front of the sledge when this is pulled over dry sand (left). However, this should not come as a surprise: the experiments should confirm a theory many had suspected. This discovery should put to rest claims that aliens or super-humans constructed the Pyramids. 21st century and we still believe casing stones of solid granite with a tolerance to 1-1000th of an inch was made by a hammer and chisel, this equates to believing the world was flat. If the Egyptians worked 6 days a week each year with 2 weeks off for injuries, illness, weddings, deaths, and maybe a vacation that’s about 300 work days a year. Dragging 5,000 pound blocks at a rate of 52 per hour requires a transportation system that we can’t even imagine. And Pharaoh said, ‘O [members of the] council, I do not know of any god for you other than me. The scientists are very smart indeed for figuring how the Pharos just pushed the stones just for the first layer but how about the other 20 layers of stones above??
It is likely that the major building work would have been done during the season of inundation when the Nile overflows it’s banks. With the right amount of water, researchers found, sand turns into a sturdy surface that halves the force needed to drag sleds loaded with rocks or statues across the desert. To test their hypothesis, researchers loaded up sledges with heavy weights and, well, dragged them across sand. Researchers then used a rheometer to measure how much force is needed to deform a certain volume of sand. The simple wetting of sand, then, may have made building the pyramids easier—though the 100,000 slaves (according to Greek historian Herodotus) who labored constantly to build the massive structures may debate that definition of easy.
Pyramids were not built around 4000 years back as was earlier belief but around 10500 or 11000 years back as it is proven now according to some researchers that Giza was built in the constellation of leo and it is mirror image of orion constellation on Earth. The pyramids weren’t built by 100 thousand permanent slaves, but by less than 30 thousand temporary conscripts. Funny thing, the pyramid creators seemed to have leagues of builders united in common interest to prevent extreme abuses and negotiate pay; in other words, the first documented labor unions.
They also used jeeten’s self-inflating pomposity to lift up the stones so they could slide them into place. Just look to any slave owning society, where do you see freemen working in the cottton fields of the slave south?
Slaves in the south became very well skilled at many tasks that needed to be done from carpentry to metalwork. It is a faulshood that the slaves were untrained and stupid, only used for simple manual labor. As a matter of fact free laborers often worked as cotton pickers in the south, both whites and free blacks. Slaves are often highly skilled in the south US slaves were carpenters metal workers livestock trainers irrigation engineers accountants you name it.The earliest Africans brought to the Americas were brought for their agricultural expertise. In a country that lacks large bodies of clean water they are going to waist hundreds of millions of gallons of water! To go up hill, they wrapped rope around the wheel and then used the rope to pull the block up hill.
Then, when the job was finished, those crafty Egyptians used the brass material to start the Bronze Age and invent brass bands so that The Music Man could be created. Antes de opinar, deben leer la historia de Egipto , conocer su geografia y su dependencia del rio Nilo. You could just bring the blocks by boat down the nile and raft them up the causeway and then sled them over wet sand. Yes, compared to Khazad-dum this is shoddy stonework (though I understand a remnant of the dwarves passed through ancient Egypt and were consulted in their building). And lastly, you weren’t there thousands of years to see how good they were fitted together. BEfore i continue with you: answer this, what can the determinant of matrix teach us about a frame?I want to know who i am dealing with here. Easily scaled up shadouf for raising 40 ton + stones on 120m height?????With what do you build the arm?carbon fibre supplied by aliens?
They didn’t need to lift the stones more than a few feet because a) they had ramps and scaffolding to get the stones to the level they needed and b) they were building pyramids, not towers. I have no idea if you’re right, but I do know that Egyptians as well as Sumerians (about 500 miles east) were big canal builders.
No, you answer the question or the curse of the Pharaoh will cause your engineering diploma to burst into flames. A scorpion rode on the back of a monkey crossing a river and half way across the scorpion stung him. And I think the key to understanding this is to understand that from their point of view, this is not seen as evil, ita€™s not seen as bad. The Muslim Brotherhood (MB) was founded by Hassan al-Banna in 1928 in opposition to Ataturka€™s abolition of the Ottoman Empire (Caliphate) in 1924 with secular Turkey in the aftermath of World War I. The Jahili system can be seen in this video of Egyptian President Nassera€™s speech in the 50a€™s when he was cheered for mocking the hijab and Salafists.
That system also existed in the new secular Turkey, where Islam was more suppressed than in Egypt. In 1999 the World Health Org reported that 97% of Egyptian women had Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). The Muslim Brotherhood and Salafis were on record supporting Islamic practices like killing apostates, amputating thieves, and FGM. But since that 2010 PEW poll in Egypt was published months before the Arab Springa„?, why were most Expertsa„? predicting a pluralistic government that respects universal human rights would be elected, and where were those votes supposed to come from?
Why is it that only the so called Islamophobesa„? warned at the start of the uprising in January 2011 that the Brotherhood was best positioned to takeover Egypt through elections, and if they did, predicted what it would look like?
Many Expertsa„? have been claiming for years that the new Brotherhood has Renounceda„? violence, respects Human Rightsa„?, is largely secular with no overriding agenda, and therefore must have the opposite goals and methods than the 3 key ideologues. Raymond Ibrahim names the most notable 2012 Fatwas in Egypt, which got bolder under the Brotherhood. He twice turned down offers to be the Brotherhood Supreme Guide or General Leader (GL) - 1976 and 2004. He drew the largest crowd of the 2011 Arab Springa„? to Cairoa€™s Tahrir Sq., around 2 million after being banned from the country for decades. You have seen the 3 Key Ideologues whose influences are a€?impossible to exaggeratea€? according to Professor John Esposito. 5th GL: Mustafa Mashhur (1996-2002) He said the MB differed from al Qaeda only in its tactics, not in its goals. 6th GL: Ma'mun al-Hudaybi (2002-2004) - As GL, he was one of the first to welcome and justify the assassination of Egyptian secularist Faraj Fawda after a group at al-Azhar accused him of blasphemy.
In fact, a document called The Project was seized in the raid of a luxurious villa in Campione, Switzerland in November 2001. Included in the Swiss seizure was The Project - a 14-page plan written in Arabic, dated 1982, which outlines a strategy to a€?establish an Islamic government on eartha€?. Ita€™s a flexible, multi-phased, long-term approach to the a€?cultural invasiona€? of the West using various tactics, ranging from immigration, deception, political legitimacy, and terrorism. Developing a comprehensive 100-year plan (already 30 years old) to advance Islamist ideology worldwide. Avoiding open alliances with known terrorist organizations and individuals to maintain the appearance of a€?moderationa€?. Establishing financial networks to fund the work of conversion of the West, with full-time administrators and workers. Involving ideologically committed Muslims in institutions on all levels in the West, including government, NGOs, private organizations. Infiltrating and taking over existing Muslim organizations to realign them towards the MBa€™s collective goals.
Cultivating an Islamist intellectual community, including the establishment of think-tanks and advocacy groups, and publishing a€?academica€? studies to legitimize Islamist positions. Instrumentally using existing Western institutions until they can be put into service of Islam. Instituting alliances with Western a€?progressivea€? organizations that share similar goals. Supporting jihad movements across the Muslim world through preaching, propaganda, personnel, funding, and technical and operational support. Adopting the total liberation of Palestine from Israel and the creation of an Islamic state as a keystone in the plan for global Islamic domination.
Instigating a constant campaign to incite hatred by Muslims against Jews and rejecting any discussions of conciliation or coexistence with them. What Tamimi describes is that The Project would militarize the Palestinian MB by reviving the terrorist a€?secret apparatusa€?, which eventually resulted in HAMAS December 1987.
During a traffic stop of Ismail Elbarasse, police discovered he was a Hamas operative wanted on a Material Witness warrant in a Hamas case out of Chicago. Many of these documents were entered into evidence at the largest successfully prosecuted terrorism financing and Hamas trial in U.S.
Holy Land Foundation (HLF) was the largest Islamic non-profit in the United States and was a Hamas entity. There is a significant Muslim Brotherhood Movement in the United States which began in the 1950a€™s. The first national Islamic organization, the Muslim Students Association, was created by the Muslim Brotherhood.
The most prominent Islamic organizations in North America are controlled by the Brotherhooda€™s Movement to include, but not limited to:A  Islamic Society of North America (ISNA), North American Islamic Trust (NAIT), Muslim Students Association (MSA), International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT), Fiqh Council of North America (FCNA), Islamic Circle of North America (ICNA), and the Council on American Islamic Relations (CAIR) which was demonstrated to be a Hamas entity in US. ICNA is partnered with the Muslim American Society (MAS), and their training program to Muslims across North America includes the call to a€?wage wara€? against all systems of government not under Islamic rule, and calls Muslims to a€?hate and despisea€? all un-Islamic governments. That was the same Brotherhood advising the US government, which is why Western leaders agree the Islamic State has nothing to do with Islam, despite a mountain of evidence that all the Islamic State is doing - beheadings, crucifixions, massacres, sexual enslavements, and the subjugation of religious minorities - is rooted in Islamic theology, and so called denunciation by stealth jihad groups in the US on theological grounds are bogus.
The process of settlement is a a€?Civilization-Jihadist Processa€? with all the word means. In other words this strategy has already been operative in America for at least 27 years as of 2014!
Political, military, law enforcement, media, and religious leaders are being duped across America by the Brotherhood leadership.A  The approach tactics differ depending on the targeted organization a€“ ie for media the approach may be a a€?civil rightsa€? basis, while for Christian leaders it will be based on the Muslimsa€™ claiming they are a€?also followers of Jesusa€?A without the explanation that to the Muslims, Jesus was a Muslim prophet. Here is an example of that: In a 2011 LA Times op-ed, MPAC president Salam al-Marayati threatened the FBI with a total cut-off of cooperation between American Muslims and law enforcement if the agency failed to revise its law enforcement training materials by eliminating all references to Islam that CAIR and other MB front groups claimed were offensive. Our entire national security apparatus is focused on the threat of the violent Jihadis around the world.
Qutb and al-Banna would be amazed if they knew the Brotherhood would take over Egypt with the help of the U.S. Yet, American political leaders from both parties continue to disparage this request in personal terms, giving clear indication they are completely ignorant of the facts in this matter. The Islamic Society of North America (ISNA) is the largest Muslim Brotherhood (MB) organization in North America, created to be the a€?nucleusa€? for the Islamic Movement, according to MB documents seized by the FBI in Annandale, Virginia in 2004. Because of the evidence ISNA is a Brotherhood front, as well as the numerous financial documents detailing money going directly from ISNA and their banks to Hamas entities overseas, ISNA is an unindicted co-conspiratorA in the largest Hamas trial ever successfully prosecuted in U.S. When ISNA filed a motion with the federal court to have their name removed from the unindicted co-conspirator list, the government stated that ISNA exists to be a financial support entity for Hamas. ISNAa€™s two key directors and its President, Mohamed Magid, all work with Secretary Clinton and her office.
Are Senator McCain and Speaker Boehner aware that ISNA President Mohamed Magid spoke at a Counter-Terrorism training program at CIA Headquarters at Langley last week?
3) Eboo Patel - member of President Obama's Advisory Council on Faith-Based Neighborhood Partnerships. 6) Imam Mohamed Magid - see above, advisor to Department of Homeland Security and Secretary of State, president of ISNA. With all that influence ita€™s not surprising Obama handed the 2011 Arab Spring in Egypt to the Brotherhood, and in 2013 will not say a word to support the people demonstrating against the Brotherhood beginning to institutionalize universal human rights abuses. John Brennan, CIA director nominee, is uniquely unqualified to be the CIA director as evidenced by him being the architect of the outreach program to the Muslim Brotherhood in the United States as well as in the Middle East. In 2014 the United Arab Emirates insists CAIR is a terrorist organization after the State Department asks why.
A month later Obama revealed he just met with Muslim leaders (again) tied to Hamas and the Muslim Brotherhood.
Ita€™s a myth that Islamic Extremistsa„? tend to come from less education, more poverty or local grievances. As I read essays about the Brotherhood that named people, orgs, companies, etc, I found many foreign names that started to sound the same. Here are some of the sharia authorities employed by important Western financial institutions, including 5 from the US MB at a Glance Chart. Edina Lekovic is the Communications Director of MPAC held an Interfaith Dialogea„? with Jamal Badawi, an associate of Qaradawi, at UCF where someone was ejected for asking a question about Reliance of the Traveller.
Moderatea„? Jimmy Carter,A MPAC's Lekovic & Director Tarin Dr. Here is a list of stories showing the Egyptian Brotherhood has not moderated since the Arab Springa„?.
Yet despite the Brotherhooda€™s stated intentions and reaching many of their goals with White House support, in 2013 three times Pulitzer Prize winning Middle East Experta„? Thomas Friedman blamed global warming for the outcome of the Arab Springa„?. DESCRIPTION: This is the largest map of its kind to have survived in tact and in good condition from such an early period of cartography.
These place names are in Lincolnshire (Holdingham and Sleaford are the modern forms), and this Richard has been identified as one Richard de Bello, prebend of Lafford in Lincoln Cathedral about the year 1283, who later became an official of the Bishop of Hereford, and in 1305 was appointed prebend of Norton in Hereford Cathedral. While the map was compiled in England, names and descriptions were written in Latin, with the Norman dialect of old French used for special entries.
Here, my dear Son, my bosom is whence you took flesh Here are my breasts from which you sought a Virgina€™s milk. The other three figures consist of a woman placing a crown on the Virgin Mary and two angels on their knees in supplication. Still within this decorative border, in the left-hand bottom corner, the Roman Emperor Caesar Augustus is enthroned and crowned with a papal triple tiara and delivers a mandate with his seal attached, to three named commissioners.
In the right-hand bottom corner an unidentified rider parades with a following forester holding a pair of greyhounds on a leash. The geographical form and content of the Hereford map is derived from the writings of Pliny, Solinus, Augustine, Strabo, Jerome, the Antonine Itinerary, St.
As is traditional with the T-O design, there is the tripartite division of the known world into three continents: Europe, Asia, and Africa.
EUROPE: When we turn to this area of the Hereford map we would expect to find some evidence of more contemporary 13th century knowledge and geographic accuracy than was seen in Africa or Asia, and, to some limited extent, this theory is true. France, with the bordering regions of Holland and Belgium is called Gallia, and includes all of the land between the Rhine and the Pyrenees.
Norway and Sweden are shown as a peninsula, divided by an arm of the sea, though their size and position are misrepresented. On the other side of Europe, Iceland, the Faeroes, and Ultima Tile are shown grouped together north of Norway, perhaps because the restricting circular limits of the map did not permit them to be shown at a more correct distance. The British Isles are drawn on a larger scale than the neighboring parts of the continent, and this representation is of special interest on account of its early date. On the Hereford map, the areas retain their Latin names, Britannia insula and Hibernia, Scotia, Wallia, and Cornubia, and are neatly divided, usually by rivers, into compartments, North and South Ireland, Wales, Cornwall, England, and Scotland. THE MEDITERRANEAN: The Mediterranean, conveniently separating the three continents of Asia, Africa and Europe, teems with islands associated with legends of Greece and Rome.
Mythical fire-breathing creature with wings, scales and claws; malevolent in west, benevolent in east.
4.A A  For bibliographical information on these and other (including lost) cartographical exemplars, see Westrem, The Hereford Map, p. 10.A A  For bibliographical information for editions and translations of the source texts, see Westrem, The Hereford Map, p. 11.A A  More detailed analysis of these data can be found in my a€?Lessons from Legends on the Hereford Mappa Mundi,a€? Hereford Mappa Mundi Conference proceedings volume being edited by Barber and Harvey (see n.


16.A A  Danubius oritur ab orientali parte Reni fluminis sub quadam ecclesia, et progressus ad orientem, .
23.A A  The a€?standarda€? Latin forms of these place-names and the modern English equivalents are those recorded in the Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World, ed. From the time when it was first mentioned as being in Hereford Cathedral in 1682, until a relatively short time ago, the Hereford Mappamundi was almost entirely the preserve of antiquaries, clergymen with an interest in the middle ages and some historians of cartography. FROM THE TIME when it was first mentioned as being in Hereford Cathedral in 1682, until a relatively short time ago, the Hereford Mappamundi was almost entirely the preserve of antiquaries, clergymen with an interest in the middle ages and some historians of cartography. Details from the Hereford map of the Blemyae and the Psilli.a€? Typical of the strange creatures or 'Wonders of the East' derived by Richard of Haldingham from classical sources and placed in Ethiopia.
Equally important work was also being done on medieval and Renaissance world maps as a genre, particularly by medievalists such as Anna-Dorothee von den Brincken and Jorg-Geerd Arentzen in Germany and by Juergen Schulz, primarily an art historian, and David Woodward, a leading historian of cartography, in the United States. The Hereford World Map is the only complete surviving English example of a type of map which was primarily a visualization of all branches of knowledge in a Christian framework and only secondly a geographical object. After the fall of the Roman empire in the 5th century, monks and scholars struggled desperately to preserve from destruction by pagan barbarians the flotsam and jetsam of classical history and learning; to consolidate them and to reconcile them with Christian teaching and biblical history. There would have been several models to choose from, corresponding to the widely differing cartographic traditions inside the Roman Empire, but it seems that the commonest image descended from a large map of the known world that was created for a portico lining the Via Flaminia near the Capitol in Rome during Christ's lifetime.
Recent writers such as Arentzen have suggested that, simply because of their sheer availability, from an early date different versions of this map may have been used to illustrate texts by scholars such as St.
Eventually some of the information from the texts became incorporated into the maps themselves, though only sparingly at first.
A broad similarity in coastlines with the Hereford map is clear in the Anglo-Saxon [Cottonian] World Map, c.1000 (#210), but there are no illustrations of animals other than the lion (top left). The resulting maps ranged widely in shape and appearance, some being circular, others square. A few maps of the inhabited world were much more detailed, though keeping to the same broad structure and symbolism. Most of these earlier maps were book illustrations, none were particularly big and the maps were always considered to need textual amplification. From about 1100, however, we know from contemporary descriptions in chronicles and from the few surviving inventories that larger world maps were produced on parchment, cloth and as wall paintings for the adornment of audience chambers in palaces and castles as well as, probably, of altars in the side chapels of religious buildings. A separate written text of an encyclopedic nature, probably written by the map's intellectual creator, however, was still intended to accompany many if not all these large maps and one may originally have accompanied the Hereford world map.
These maps seem largely to have been inspired by English scholars working at home or in Europe. The most striking novelty, however, was the vastly increased number of depictions of peoples, animals, and plants of the world copied from illustrations in contemporary handbooks on wildlife, commonly called bestiaries and herbals. Mentions in contemporary records and chronicles, such as those of Matthew Paris, make it plain that these large world maps were once relatively common.
At about the same time that this map was being created, Henry III, perhaps after consultation with Gervase, who had visited him in 1229, commissioned wall maps to hang in the audience chambers of his palaces in Winchester and Westminster. The Hereford Mappamundi is the only full size survivor of these magnificent, encyclopedic English-inspired maps. An inscription in Norman-French at the bottom left attributes the map to Richard of Haldingham and Sleaford.
But the Egyptian pyramids alone have enough mysteries to fill libraries with books about them. Although archaeologist are horrified about many of the gossip - it's not a modern phenomenon, it has indeed a long tradition.
By using the right quantity of water, they could halve the number of workers needed,” says a statement released by the physicists. This, and the fact that the wet sand would not pile up in front of a sledge, allowed the sledge to far more easily glide over the firm desert sand.
An intricate wall-painting in the tomb of  Djehutihotep, dating back to 1900 BC, portrays a person standing in front of a sledge and pouring water over the sand just in front of it as others pull the sledge.
Yet beyond revealing one of the world’s oldest secrets, the physicists believe the discovery could even have modern-day impacts. Then ignite for me, O Haman, [a fire] upon the clay1 and make for me a tower that I may look at the God of Moses. So kindle for me, O Haman, [a fire] over the clay, and make me a tower that I may take a look at the god of Moses; for truly I consider him to be a liar’. The amount of water needed to move those 2 million blocks in each pyramid and the extra logistics needed to move that amount of water will make this idea very unfeasible. Now, researchers from the University of Amsterdam believe they’ve discovered ancient Egyptians’ cunning strategy to move those massive stones: wet sand.
When they dragged the weighted sled across dry sand, the front of the sled dug into the sand and nosedived deeper into trouble. They found that wet sand is about twice as stiff as dry sand, which, in turn, halves the amount of force needed to move a weight. And this exact allignment took place 10500 years back and that time that area was green land and also some kind of flooding took place as there are signs of water erosion found there. Likewise there’s still the remains of the camps the men who built them stayed at, even with some contemporary (unlike Herodotus) documentation of what went on. You were ordered to work the bellows, and eventually the slave working the tools needed a hand with something else. This explains all those teeny, tiny sheds made of brass rods, in the vslley of the Kings; temporary housing for the elite workers. Deserts have scarcity of water, then how were they able to wet miles and miles in those deserts? When first built, they were beautifully precisely fitted, also there was a smotth polished white casing cover stone that went on top of that too that made the sides smooth like a slide instead of what we see now with these step looking structure. A counter weight just needs the weight (even in its most primitive state this system was adjustable), a pivot point, and leverage. The ancient Egyptians had already developed incredibly strong fibrous composite materials and knew all about wood laminates. You only have so many hours to spend studying something in your life, Kevin, and you can’t master everything in that time. Even though the Brotherhood was outlawed for decades in Egypt they were tolerated to some extent which allowed them to change the society gradually. This practice is sanctioned by Reliance of the Traveller and other authoritative Islamic sources.
So ita€™s not surprising that a year after the 2011 Arab Springa„?, after the Brotherhood initially said they would not take a leadership role in the Egyptian opposition coalition, they and the Salafis won a combined 80% of Egypta€™s Parliamentary vote, then Brotherhood candidate Morsi was elected president, soon began controlling the press, forced out military chiefs, granted himself sweeping new powers, and drafted a new sharia constitution that passed in public referendum, all before the end of 2012. There is so much known about the MB in their own words, the fact there is still any debate at all about what their goals and methods are shows how extraordinarily successful their deception has been.
Wrote Jihad is the Way, cautions Muslims not to rush to Jihad until Jihad is prepared and timed fully for maximum benefit. The target was Youssef Nada, director of the Al-Taqwa Bank of Lugano, who had active association with the Muslim Brotherhood for more than 50 years and admitted to being one of the organizationa€™s international leaders. US and Swiss investigators had been looking at Al-Taqwaa€™s role in money laundering and funding a wide range of Islamic terrorist groups, including Al-Qaeda and HAMAS. According to testimony given to Swiss authorities by Nada, the unsigned document was prepared by a€?Islamic researchersa€? associated with the Muslim Brotherhood. As can be seen in a number of examples throughout the West a€“ the plan outlined in The Project 30 years later in 2012, has been overwhelmingly successful. The 1st Caliph Al Bakr al-Baghdadi has a PH.D in Islamic Studies and was a Muslim Brotherhood leader before he rampaged across Syria and Iraq to create the new Caliphate.
The Ikhwan [Brotherhood] must understand that their work in America is a kind of grand Jihad in eliminating and destroying the Western civilization from within and a€?sabotaginga€? its miserable house by their hands and the hands of the believers so that it is eliminated and Goda€™s religion is made victorious over all other religions.
In approximately 1993, the Brotherhood begins establishing between 80 and 120 new non-profit organizations annually. The latest blast came from leaders in the GOP, publicly defending a senior advisor and Deputy Chief of Staff to the U.S. The federal judge agreed stating the government provided a€?ample evidencea€? and left ISNA on the list. McCain and Speaker Boehner aware that Secretary Clintona€™s official position on the so-called a€?Arab Springa€? was that it was a freedom movement led by students who organized on Twitter? Or that ISNA advised Senator Richard Durbina€™s Senate committee before his hearings in the summer of 2011? Also a presenter at John Espositoa€™s Georgetown conference in 2008 Is There a Role for Shari'ah in Modern States?
5 of those leaders are covered in the Key Faces of US MB, and Tariq Ramadan has his own page.
Videos have come to light in which he [President Morsi] lashed out against Jews with venomous hatred, referring to Qura€™anic curses of them as a€?apes and pigsa€? and declaring that there could be no negotiations with Israel. In the course of the investigation conducted by the Investigative Project on Terrorism, we discovered that there were at least four hundred visits in the three years between 2009 and 2012 to the White House of radical Islamic groups, some of whom were unindicted co-conspirators in terrorism trials, but all of whom had been involved in establishing radical Islamic rhetoric, including support for Hamas, Hezbollah, denigrating the US, calling this a war against Islam by the United States.
I couldna€™t tell if I came across someone already, and if I did who or what they were connected to. In 2005 he already demonstrated his astounding ignorance of Islam and therefore the Middle East, when he nominated Grand Ayatollah Sistani for a Nobel Peace Prize, and even insisted he was serious. The circle of the world is set in a somewhat rectangular frame background with a pointed top, and an ornamented border of a zig-zag pattern often found in psalter-maps of the period (#223). Show pity, as you said you would, on all Who their devotion paid to me for you made me Savioress. Olympus and such cities as Athens and Corinth; the Delphic oracle, misnamed Delos, is represented by a hideous head. James (Roxburghe Club) 1929, with representations from manuscripts in the British Library and the Bodleian Library, and a€?Marvels of the Easta€?, by R.
The upper-left corner of the Hereford Map, showing north and east Asia (compare to the contents on Chart 3). 1), however, call attention to a remarkable degree of accuracy in the relationship of toponymsa€”for cities, rivers, and mountainsa€”both in EMM and in Hereford Map legends.A  On the Asia Minor littoral, for example, one passage in EMM links 39 place-names in a running series, 23 of which are found in Chart 4 (and visible, in almost exactly parallel order, on Fig. 5, above).A  Treating islands separately from the eartha€™s three a€?partsa€? follows the organizational style adopted by Isidore of Seville, Honorius Augustodunensis, and other medieval geographical authorities. Note Lincoln on its hill and Snowdon ('Snawdon'), Caernarvon and Conway in Wales, referring to the castles Edward I was building there when the map was being created. In England, a detailed study of its less obvious features, such as the sequences of its place names and some of its coastal outlines by G. The Psilli reputedly tested the virtue of their wives by exposing their children to serpents. The cumulative effect has been to enable us at last to evaluate the map in terms of its actual (largely non-geographical and not exclusively religious) purpose, the age in which it was created and in the context of the general development of European cartography. The Old and New Testaments contained few doctrinal implications for geography, other than a bias in favor of an inhabited world consisting of three interlinked continents containing descendants of Noah's three sons. This now-lost map was referred to in some detail by a number of classical writers and it seems to have been created under the direction of Emperor Augustus's son-in-law, Vipsanius Agrippa (63-12 BC) for official purposes.
As the centuries went by, more and more was included with references to places associated with events in classical history and legend (particularly fictionalized tales about Alexander the Great) and from biblical history with brief notes on and the very occasional illustration of natural history. Note also the Roman provincial boundaries, the relative accuracy of the British coastlines (lower left) and the attention paid to the Balkans and Denmark, with which Saxon England had close contacts. Some, often oriented to the north, attempted to show the whole world in zones, with the inhabited earth occupying the zone between the equator and the frozen north. They were never intended to convey purely geographical information or to stand alone without explanatory text. Often a 'context' for them would have been provided by the other secular as well as religious surrounding decorations. For many maps continued to be used primarily for educational, including theological, purposes. They reached their fullest development in the thirteenth century when Englishmen like Roger Bacon, John of Holywood (Sacrobosco), Robert Grosseteste and Matthew Paris were playing an inordinately large part in creative geographical thinking in Europe. In most, if not all of these maps, the strange peoples or 'Marvels of the East' are shown occupying Ethiopia on the right (southern) edge, as on the Hereford map. Exposure to light, fire, water, and religious bigotry or indifference over the centuries has, however, led to the destruction of most of them. Both are now lost but it seems quite likely that the so-called 'Psalter Map', produced in London in the early 1260s and now owned by the British Library, is a much reduced copy of the map that hung in Westminster Palace. Despite some broad similarities in arrangement and content, however, there are very considerable differences from the Ebstorf and the 'Westminster Palace' maps in details - like the precise location of wildlife, the portrayal of some coastlines and islands, or in the recent information incorporated. In the 19th century, before the invention of scientific dating methods, it was thought therefore, that this was a sign of a seed culture which brought the style around the world.
And the most mysterious pyramids are of course those at Giza, a suburb of the metropolis Cairo. The oldest known legends connected with the large pyramids in Giza are not 50 or 100 years, but approximately 2500 years old.
Since we now can read the letters of the ancient Egyptians again (the so called hieroglyphics, which means "holy signs") we don't have to believe in mythical stories made up long after the downfall of the Egyptian civilization, we can get first-hand information from the Egyptians themselves! Unfortunately no writings have been found in the large pyramids of the 4th and 5th Dynasty (between 2600 and 2400 BCE).
But some Commentators have taken it very seriously and imagined that he actually thought of reaching the heavens by building lofty towers (Cf.
When the sand was wet, however, the sand stiffened and allowed the sled to slide across with ease. It became a desert much later due to climate osilation a factor depending on pole shift due to precession of Equinox. But go inside the pyramid and you’ll see good samples of how nicely fitted they are then picture that 5000 years ago when it was a smooth brand new polished stone. Its an ancient Egyptian counterweight device primarily used for moving water for irrigation, but can be easily scaled up for heavier duty like moving stones.
Only foundation stones reached truly massive sizes and they didn’t need to lift them at all because they were foundation stones and because of the wet sand discovery.
See how much it changed under gradualism while Turkey did not during the same time by comparing these 2010 PEW poll results taken just before the Arab Springa„? 2011. More later on his ties to al Bannaa€™s grandson Said Ramadan, and Nadaa€™s Swiss Nazi banking connections going back to the 1950a€?s in the US MB History at a Glance Chart. Here is video of Islamic State stoning woman to death for adultery, which Islamic law permits because Mohammad did it.
Without this level of understanding, we are not up to this challenge and have not prepared ourselves for Jihad yet.
Today, there are over 2,000 Islamic non-profit [501(c)(3)] organizations in the United States.A Not all are controlled by the Muslim Brotherhood, but many are. Later in 2012 Obama picked Marayati, who defends Hamas and Hezbollah, to represent the US at a human rights conference. But again in a June 2012 post on Twitter, Billoo wrote as a a€?public service announcementa€™ that, a€?ita€™s never a good idea to speak to an FBI agent without an attorney. A three-judge appellate panel unanimously agreed and left ISNA on the unindicted co-conspirator list. She blocked Middle Eastern Christians' access to White House to discuss their fear of sharia coming to Syria like it did in Egypt. The OIC is in a full-scale campaign to intimidate Western governments into adopting Hate Speecha„? codes that will effectively quash criticism of Islam - including quoting what theologians and jihadists say. Those who are protesting against his regime, on the other hand, are in favor of genuine democratic rule, without Sharia restrictions on the freedom of speech and its denial of equality of rights to large segments of the popular. Sistani is also serious about his interpretation of Koran 9:28, posting for years on his website that all non-Muslims are as filthy as dogs, pigs, semen, poop, urine, and the sweat of animals that eat dogs, pigs, semen, poop, or urine. In Phrygia there is born an animal called bonnacon; it has a bulla€™s head, horsea€™s mane and curling horns, when chased it discharges dung over an extent of three acres which burns whatever it touches. India also has the largest elephants, whose teeth are supposed to be of ivory; the Indians use them in war with turrets (howdahs) set on them. The linx sees through walls and produces a black stonea€” a valuable carbuncle in its secret parts.
A tiger when it sees its cub has been stolen chases the thief at full speed; the thief in full flight on a fast horse drops a mirror in the track of the tiger and so escapes unharmed. Agriophani Ethiopes eat only the flesh of panthers and lions they have a king with only one eye in his forehead. Men with doga€™s heads in Norway; perhaps heads protected with furs made them resemble dogs. Essendones live in Scythia it is their custom to carry out the funeral of their parents with singing and collecting a company of friends to devour the actual corpses with their teeth and make a banquet mingled with the flesh of animals counting it more glorious to be consumed by them than by worms.
Solinus: they occupy the source of the Ganges and live only on the scent of apples of the forest if they should perceive any smell they die instantly.


Himantopodes; they creep with crawling legs rather than walk they try to proceed by sliding rather than by taking steps.
The Monocoli in India are one-legged and swift when they want to be protected from the heat of the sun they are shaded by the size of their foot. Flint, a€?The Hereford Map:A  Its Author(s), Two Scenes and a Border,a€? Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 6th ser. Nevertheless, it placed a somewhat misleading emphasis on the map's geographical 'inaccuracies', its depiction of fabulous creatures and supposedly religious purpose, all clothed in what for the layman must have seemed an air of wildly esoteric learning and near-impenetrable medieval mystery. Recent research suggests this is a reference to African traders in medicinal drugs who visited ancient Rome.
Today, with the map in the headlines of the popular press, it may be time to give a brief resume of what is currently known about it and to attempt to explain some of its more important features in the light of recent research. In the eyes of some (but by no means all) theologians, a fourth inhabited continent, the Antipodes, would implicitly have denied the descent of mankind from Noah, and the depiction of such a continent was deemed to be heretical by them. It was based on survey and on military itineraries and reflected the political and administrative realities of the time. Where space allowed, reference was also made to important contemporary towns, regions, and geographical features such as freshly-opened mountain passes. Most of the maps, however, like the Hereford Mappamundi, depicted only that part of the world that was known in classical times to be inhabited and they were oriented with east at the top. Traces of the maps' classical origins could regularly be seen in, for instance, the continued depiction of the provincial boundaries of the Roman Empire (which are partly visible on the Hereford map) and for many centuries by the island of Delos which had been sacred to the early Greeks being the centre of the inhabited world. They and the texts that they adorned continued to be copied by hand until late in the 15th century and are to be found in early printed books. God dominates the world and the 'Marvels of the East' occupy the lower right edge of the map, as they do on the Hereford map. Together they would have provided a propaganda backdrop for the public appearances of the ruler, ruling body, noble or cleric who had commissioned them, and some may have been able to stand alone as visual histories.
The Hereford map, as an inscription at the lower left corner tells us, was certainly intended for use as a visual encyclopedia, to be 'heard, read and seen' by onlookers.
Because of the maps' size, they were able to include far more information and illustration than their predecessors.
More space was also found for current political references and information derived from contemporary military, religious and commercial itineraries. Today, the earliest survivor, dating from the beginning of the thirteenth century, is a badly damaged example now in Vercelli Cathedral, probably having been brought to Italy in about 1219 by a papal legate returning from England. We know from Matthew Paris that the Westminster map was copied by others, and it is likely to have had a lasting influence even though the original was destroyed in 1265. A Latin legend in the bottom right corner of the Hereford map refers to the 5th century Christian propagandist Orosius as the main source for the map, but as we have already seen, it incorporates information from numerous ancient and thirteenth century sources and adds its own interpretations of them. The map is an outstanding example of a map type that had evolved over the preceding eight centuries. At that time the Greek traveler Herodotus wrote down legends about the tyrant pharaoh Chufu, his whore-daughter Henutsen and many other horror stories. We can read the intentions of the originators right from the walls of the temples and tombs. At a molecular level, that’s because so-called capillary bridges arise when water is added to sand, which binds the sand grains together.
Free masons and other workers laboured at the buildings, with medical facilities and even a cimitery! After the old guy dies, you take over his job and pass the favor to the next young slave working your bellows. It is literally just a pivot point, a long pole for leverage and a counterweight and believed by a great number of respected archaeologists and engineers to be the tool they used to set the stones. But considering the weight of what larger shadoofs were known to move its really not hard to envision a system that could easily supend a 3 ton block. Perhaps the purpose of the first two was to collect enough water to build the Great Pyramid? The more time goes by, the easier it is to see, and as the MB imposes Islamic Human Rightsa„? in Egypt, with a new epidemic of rape, and calls by prominent clerics to destroy Egypt's Great Pyramids begin. The OIC seeks to re-establish the global Islamic State (Caliphate) and implement Islamic Law. This individual's immediate family founded a Muslim Brotherhood front group which, at a minimum, raises questions about Abedina€™s position inside the government. If Abedin is not aware ISNA is a Hamas support entity, she is incompetent at her job and should be relieved of her duties. Secretary of State refer to the Muslim Brotherhooda€™s revolution in the Middle East this way? Is the Secret Service aware that the leader of a Hamas support entity has been coming into the White House?
From its literal meaning in Greek it also signifies the plant ox-tongue, so called from its shape and roughness of its leaves.
Conventionally holds a mirror in one hand, combing lovely hair with the other According to myth created by Ea, Babylonian water god. The large city at the top edge is Babylon (its description is the map's longest legend [A§181).
12-30.A  The conservator Christopher Clarkson drew my attention to the gouge in the Mapa€™s former frame. Talbert (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000), which I employ throughout my book, but with the caution that in dealing with the manuscript culture of medieval Europe, it is misleading and anachronistic to speak of a€?standarda€? or a€?correcta€? spellings, especially of geographical words. Casual visitors to the dark aisle where it hung could see only a dark, dirty image which they were encouraged to view in a pious, but also rather condescending manner. Crone of the Royal Geographical Society, revealed that despite the antiquity of many of the map's sources much was almost contemporary with the map's creation and was secular.
Much of the text that follows is an amplification of information panels and leaflets prepared for the British Library's current display of the map. Most medieval mapmakers seem to have accepted this constraint, but world maps showing four continents are not uncommon: notably the world maps created by Beatus of Liebana (#207) in the late 8th century to illustrate his Commentary on the Apocalypse of St. It may have incorporated information from an earlier survey commissioned by Julius Caesar and, to judge from some early references, it may originally have shown four continents. These texts owed much to classical writers, particularly Pliny the Elder (23-79), who himself derived much of his information from still earlier writers such as the fifth century BC Greek historian Herodotus. As befitted the encyclopedic texts that they illustrated, the maps became visual encyclopedias of human and divine knowledge and not mere geographical maps.
Many were purely schematic and symbolic, showing a T, representing the Mediterranean, the Don and the Nile, surrounded by an 0, for the great ocean encircling the world, sometimes with a fourth continent being added. It was only from about 1120 that Jerusalem took Oclos' place as the focal point of the map, as it does on the Hereford Mappamundi.
They retained and expanded the geographical and historical elements of the older maps - coastlines, layout and place names on the maps frequently reveal their ancestry - but to them they added several novel features.
Inscriptions of varying lengths amplified the pictures and sometimes contained references to their sources. Much better preserved, until its destruction in 1943, was the famous Ebstorf world map of about 1235. It is difficult to account otherwise for the striking similarities in detailed arrangement and content between the Psalter world map, the recently discovered 'Duchy of Cornwall' fragment (probably commissioned in about 1285 by a cousin of Edward I for his foundation, Ashridge College in Hertfordshire) and the Aslake world map fragments of about 1360. In many of its details it particularly resembles the Anglo-Saxon World Map of about 1000 and the twelfth century Henry of Mainz world map in Corpus Christi College, Cambridge.
This idea of hyper-diffusionism (that each and every ancient invention spread from one point of origin) is lon dead in academic circles, because after introduction of dating methods it was clear, that the time span between the oldest and the youngest pyramid building culture was too large (almost 3000 years), and that building style and function of those pyramids were far to different for coming from one source. The peak of the "old" mysteries was reached about 1400 years ago, shortly after the Arabs had conquered Egypt.
So much knowledge was lost, we are now just beginning to rediscover it, and yet, look at this example, no one can even figure out how it was built for sure without a doubt. Once again – pre-existing technologies that could have easily been adapted and scaled up for the relatively simple job of moving cubes a few feet. You think to yourself - are you telling me a billion people really are hell-bent on subjugating the world? Here is a video of a Jordanian pilot being burned to death, which Islamic law also permits. If we keep in mind that from the Brotherhood perspective, this is an Influence Operation, not a a€?terrorista€? operation, their operation here might beginA to make a little more sense. Or that Mohamed Magid has worked with the National Security Council and sits on the Department of Homeland Securitya€™s Advisory Committee? The only two mass popular uprisings in Muslim countries that he has not supported have one thing in common: both have been against pro-Sharia Islamic supremacist regimes.
They are striving in the way of Allah, a Muslim mansa€™s burden to do their part to Liberatea„? the world from the Oppressiona„? of man made secular law.
Ita€™s useful at a glance, but if you are really skeptical there is so much info here that you could spend hours on it to see their country of origin, education and degrees held, professional history, leadership positions held in these orgs (ie, Founder, Director, President), criminal convictions if any, political connections, and timeline. Crone points out that this reference has special significance because Augustus had also entrusted his son-in-law, M.
Sometimes identified with Sirens, the mythical enchantresses along coasts of the Mediterranean, who lured sailors to destruction by their singing.
Amazon means a€?without a breast,a€? according to tradition these women removed the right breast to use the bow. At the right edge, a looping line shows the route of the wandering Israelites in their Exodus from Egypt; it crosses the Jordan to the left of a naked woman who looks over her shoulder at the sinking cities of Sodom and Gomorrah in the Dead Sea (she is Lot's wife, turned into a pillar of salt [A§254]. 400), a text that was often attended during the Middle Ages by diagrammatic a€?mapsa€? illustrating the concept.A  See also David Woodward. Others delved into the question of its authorship, which had previously been assumed to be obvious from the wording on the map itself. The medievalized depiction on the bottom left corner of the Hereford world map of 'Caesar Augustus' commissioning a survey of the world from three surveyors representing the three corners of the world may be based on a muddled - and religiously acceptable - memory of these classical events. Even though the inscriptions on the maps gradually became more and more garbled and the information more and more embellished, distorted, and misunderstood, they nevertheless retained their tenuous links with ancient learning. More than simple geographical shorthand, such maps were also meant to symbolize the crucifixion, the descent of man from Noah's three sons and the ultimate triumph of Christianity.
Palestine itself was usually enlarged far beyond what, on a modern map, would have been its actual proportions. A note on one of the most famous of them, the Ebstorf, says that it could be used for route planning.
Although the maps were still dominated by biblical and classical history and legend, most other information seems to have been acceptable and was accommodated within the traditional framework. Far larger than the Hereford Word Map and much more colorful, it was probably created under the guidance of the itinerant English lawyer, teacher and diplomat, Gervase of Tilbury.
In transmission some facts and text became garbled and some inscriptions are gobbled gook or wrong. They found the gigantic ruins, but nobody could give them information about purpose or originator of these buildings. Also check out South american in Peru how their stone work comes together nicely high up in the peeks of mountains, another marvel of ancient engineering.
The Muslim Brotherhood, like the OIC and Al Qaeda, seeks to re-establish the global Islamic State (Caliphate) and implement Islamic Law.
Since Abedina€™s parents co-founded the Institute for Muslim Minority Affairs with backing from the Muslim Brotherhooda€™s Muslim World League, questions about her loyalty and affiliations are not only proper; they are required as a matter of policy for such a position in our government.
Perhaps the influence exerted by the leaders of the Muslim Brotherhooda€™s Hamas-supporting entity ISNA has something to do with it.
Are the American people aware that the very agencies legally charged to support and defend the Constitution and this nation are working with the leader of a known Hamas-supporting entity?
For the moment just glance at them to see how big and unified the spiderweb of relationships is.
The circle one-third of the way from the bottom is Jerusalem, the Map's central point, with a crucifixion scene above it ([A§387-89]). Its images and decoration have been examined from a stylistic standpoint by Nigel Morgan and put into the context of their time, while the late Wilma George examined the animals in the light of her own zoological knowledge [2] The chance discoveries of fragments of other English medieval world maps in recent years [3] have expanded the context within which the Hereford World Map can be examined, and the Royal Academy exhibition, 'The Age of Chivalry' of 1987 enabled the map to be displayed in the company of other non-cartographic artifacts of its own time. Generally, though, it was not difficult to adapt surviving copies of existing, secular world maps to suit the purposes of Christian writers from the 5th century onwards. This was in order to match its historical importance and to accommodate all the information that had to be conveyed. Christ would, for instance, be shown dominating the world, or the world might even be depicted as the actual body of Christ. The world was shown as the body of Christ and much space was devoted to the political situation in northern Germany: an area of particular concern to the Duke who may have commissioned it. Its so mind blowing that some people will come to the conclusion that aliens must have played a part in it. All of the enemy doctrine can be found on the internet, in books, in speeches, in their training curricula, and coming out of their mouths on a daily basis.A When the MB says they have a€?renounced violencea€? they are a€“ hold onto your hats a€“ lying. But because it is the Muslim Brotherhood, which many American leaders have either coddled, worked with, or ignored, these five Members of Congress who are abiding by their oaths of office and asking for a legitimate investigation into this potentially damaging espionage issue, are being attacked by Senator McCain and Speaker Boehner. Carte marine et portulan au XIIe siA?cle:A  Le Liber de existencia riveriarum et forma maris nostri Mediterranei. The amount of space dedicated to the other parts of the world varied according to their traditional historical or biblical importance and the preoccupations of the author of the text that the map illustrated. Myers says it is obvious all these leaders must be aware of the general methods and long term goals. Behind the blue band of the river is a grim array of grotesque figures to indicate the existence of primitive peoples. There may be significance in the soulless mermaid placed in the map close to the unattainable Holy Land, or she may be a possible temptation to sea-faring pilgrims. Phillott, wrote that it shows a a€?rejection of all that savoured of scientific geography, . Because of this, space devoted to the author or patron's homeland was often much exaggerated when judged by modern standards, as in the case of England, Wales and Ireland on the Hereford Mappa Mundi.
Crone demonstrated, the Hereford also contains sequences of the more important place names along some major thirteenth century commercial and pilgrimage routes. While the "established" science claims, that they have reasonable answers for all these questions, a large group of alternative historians have doubts. And it was seen as a good thing, just like a€?The White Mana€™s Burdena€? was articulated as - we need to bring civilization to the savages, for their own good. Here are 27 well educated US operatives named in a 2013 Egyptian newspaper investigative report. There are MB branches in around 70 countries, and these charts show just the tip of the U.S. On a world map, though, as opposed to the strip itinerary maps produced by Matthew Paris in about 1250, the route planning could only have been very approximate and very much incidental to the main purposes. Or built by Noah, in order to protect the word of God and the knowledge of the universe there against the tides. All slaves learned a skill trade, be it carpentry, blacksmith, livestock trainers, house maids to tend to the misses needs, engineers to build stuff(I.e buildings, bridges, water irrigation systems for farming). Whether ita€™s done through violence, force, colonialism, conquest or whatever, it is the same exact thing in Islam.
The more I read the longer it got, and eventually I had to call it good enough to make an exclamation point! 14), which may have resulted from the survey of the provinces ascribed by tradition to Julius Caesar. In the Hereford map they could revel in this pictorial description of the outside world, which taught natural history, classical legends, explained the winds and reinforced their religious beliefs.
They should contain weapons from the Gods, together with conserved people in luminescent coffins and much more. Have they better arguments than Graham Hancocks "I have the feeling that it must be older"? There were even some slave who were thought to read and write so they can write documents for their masters. These first pyramid mysteries were summarized in the 15th Century by the historian and religion scholar al-Makrizi in his most famous work, the Hitat. The two upright fingers branching up from the Mediterranean are the Aegean and the Black Sea with the Golden Fleece at its extremity.



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