The secret world of drdo vacancy,how to success in life and career,secret church 2014 music,secret website gta 4 tbogt ps3 - You Shoud Know

18.11.2015
An employee of the Indian Defense Ministry’s Defense Research and Development Organization, or DRDO, and a journalist with an English newspaper were among the 11 men arrested in the southern Indian state of Karnataka Wednesday by the Central Crime Branch of the Bangalore police for their alleged links with global terror networks. Of the 11 suspects, all in their twenties, six were arrested in Bangalore and five in Hubli, two major cities in Karnataka.
The police said that they recovered an imported 7.65 mm pistol, seven live rounds, computers, hard disks, mobile phones and religious tracts from those arrested in Bangalore, the Times of India reported. The 11 persons arrested on terrorism charges made calls on the internet to contact the kingpins of a plot to kill high-profile individuals in Karnataka.Skype was their favoured mode. A nightmare was revealed recently when Defence Minister A K Antony ordered the Comptroller General of Defence Audit (CGDA) to do a secret audit of India’s equivalent of the futuristic workshop of James Bond’s ‘Q’ — the Defence Research and Development Organisation that goes by the handle DRDO. DRDO has challenged the findings but the Ministry of Defence (MoD) has taken cognisance of them. The CGDA audit findings raise serious questions on the capability of this defence outfit, which has an annual budget of Rs 10,500 crore. With a chaotic record of arms experiments and eccentric choices of spending money on pickles and automated idli and dosa makers  for aircraft carriers, the very reason for DRDO’s existence seems dubious. Defence minister Antony had asked the CGDA to investigate after receiving complaints on suspected manipulation in DRDO contracts, undue favor to some external vendors, and irregular appointments in the agency which runs a vast network across the country.
Says Commodore (Retd) Uday Bhaskar, former head of the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA), “The Government is not willing to discuss the Rama Rao committee report that talks about reforming DRDO. Armaments apart, the DRDO has been splurging 10 per cent of its annual budget on construction of offices and auditoriums.
Rifle recoil: The mass produced INSAS rifle, meant to be the main rifle for the Indian Army has been known to malfunction in extreme conditions. The story of this short-lived rifle epitomises the drift in the way the DRDO works, and also between it and the armed forces.
Air disaster: In the early 1980s, the Indian Air Force was over-reliant on Soviet-made MiG-21s, which would be phased out, beginning in the mid-90s. As the MoD prepares to review DRDO’s financial procedures, the news is not all bad on the achievement front.
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This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. The Special Purpose Individual Weapon (SPIW) was a long-running United States Army program to develop, in part, a workable flechette-firing "rifle", though other concepts were also involved.
The idea of a flechette-firing individual weapon started in earnest during the Army's Project SALVO. Even before the SALVO tests, Irwin Barr of AAI Corporation had been developing single and multiple flechette cartridges. Project SALVO began in 1951 and was based on the assumption that firing multiple projectiles would increase the probability of hitting the target.
Since the Army was by this time only interested in fully automatic weapons, Barr suggested that they build a multiple barrel prototype in order to quickly test the concept. Meanwhile, the Army's Operations Research Office, ORO, had been working on Project NIBLICK, follow-on to SALVO to develop a modern grenade launcher.
Winchester's design used a "soft recoil" stock which absorbed the recoil of an individual round in a spring. The conclusion of the testing was that none of the weapons were ready for development into a combat system. A second round of testing followed, with the Springfield model adopting the Winchester grenade launcher with a disposable magazine and a new side-by-side layout for the flechette magazines.
AAI continued development at a low level, and eventually managed to dramatically improve the reliability of their XM19.
In 1969, the Army started the Future Rifle Program, and invited AAI to enter against General Electric's Dual Cycle Rifle, a derivative of the Springfield SALVO design.
It was revived again during the semi-automatic shotgun-like Close-Assault Weapon System (CAWS) project in the early 1980s. The concept of firing flechette ammunition was revived for the last time during the Advanced Combat Rifle (ACR) trials in the late 1980s. It was based on the assumption that accuracy errors made by stressed soldiers could be made up for by launching multiple rounds per trigger pull. Tejas fighters wheel over a smoke dark battleground, taking down enemy aircraft with their superior radar and missile capabilities. They used internet telephony to keep their communications with their Saudi Arabia-based kingpins secret, and to cut costs. It will be ordering a review of the agency’s approval processes as well as that of the recent proposal to enhance the financial powers for DRDO chief V K Saraswat. Established in 1958, it has a network of 52 laboratories nationwide, employing 5,000 scientists with about 25,000 support staff. Says V K Mittal, a former senior scientist with the agency, “DRDO technology is almost two decades old. Its annual budget has no audit verified document to show what value has been generated so far through its technologies. It shows that they are not serious about the decaying of a government institution, which in the last 30 to 40 years has completely disappointed the users. CGDA also indicted DRDO for unauthorised sanction of Rs 49.15 crore to develop a vehicle testing facility in Pune — mainly for civilian use — disregarding approval rules.
India purchases arms worth $6.9 billion from the US, making it America’s second largest defence client after the Saudis.
In 1984, the Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA), a national consortium of over 100 defence laboratories, industrial organisations, and academic institutions with HAL being the principal contractor, was created specifically to manage the Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) programme.
In 1974, DRDO’s Combat Vehicles Research and Development Establishment at Chennai started designing the tank expected to be ready for war in 10 years.
Last week, the 350-km range surface-to-surface Prithvi II missile was successfully flight tested at the Integrated Test Range, Chandipur in Odissa. The concepts continued to be tested under the Future Rifle Program and again in the 1980s under the Advanced Combat Rifle program, but neither program resulted in a system useful enough to warrant replacing the current M16.
SALVO had earlier concluded that a small weapon with a high rate of fire would be considerably deadlier than the large "full power" weapons being developed in the 1950s, and followed several lines of investigation to find the best way to provide high firing rates.
The Navy became sufficiently interested in the concept to provide him with some development funding from the Office of Naval Research, resulting in a 12 gauge shotgun shell firing 32 flechettes.
During World War II, an infantryman with a rifle at an average engagement distance of 300 yards under combat stress expended 10,000 rounds for one hit. Interested in the original shotgun-type shells, they recommended development of a dedicated flechette-firing weapon combined with a grenade launcher, the SPIW. The idea was to allow three rounds to be fired before the spring was completely compressed, meaning that there was very little recoil until the end of the burst.
It used two 30-round magazines in tandem in a bullpup layout, taking rounds from the front magazine first. The AAI flechette portion and the Winchester grenade launcher were both interesting for general development, however.
However, this revealed another problem: heat buildup in the chamber was great enough to result in "cook off". A number of designs were entered and offered fairly good reliability, but the entire concept of a large weapon for use out to 100 yards was questioned and the project later dropped.


Several designs were entered, from the simple Colt ACR to the more interesting flechette designs, such as the Steyr ACR. Lower still, Indian-designed helicopters are giving hell to enemy armour and troop formations with missiles and machine-gun fire. But only 29 per cent of the products developed during the last 17 years are being used by the Armed Forces.
Basically, instead of doing development itself, DRDO is funding a foreign agency’s development effort, that too, without any explicit arrangements being finalised about ownership of intellectual property generated from such financing,” noted the CGDA. Antony was also informed that DRDO has been operating as an authority unto itself, bypassing the MoD where many crucial expenses are involved: the agency comes under the ministry and its main objective is to develop a modern technology base and equip the defence forces with internationally competitive systems and weapons.
The Congressional Research Service’s annual survey of global arms sales written by Richard Grimmett and Paul Kerr says India is fast upgrading its equipment from its Soviet-era arsenal.
As the evening shadows grew longer at the Royal Nepal Army’s Pili camp in western Kalikot district, about 550 km northwest of capital Kathmandu, Maoist fighters massed silently outside.
Saraswat, a multitude of rings embedded with various stones flashing on his fingers celebrated by feeding laddoos to the army commander present. Better yet the rounds were very light, and had almost no recoil in comparison to even the 0.22-inch caliber weapons under development. The final requirements resulted in an over-under weapon, firing flechettes from one barrel, and grenades from the other. When fired, the sabots were discarded early in small "sub-barrels" while the dart continued down the main barrel. This was intended to dramatically increase the accuracy of burst fire, but the system never truly worked, and was later dropped.
However, their massive magazine-fed grenade launcher pushed the weight to 14 pounds (6.4 kilograms), and it seemed unlikely this could be reduced by much. Their grenade launcher was a simple single-shot weapon; their semi-automatic version was not ready in time for testing.
Neither updated version proved very reliable and both were over the 10 pounds (4.5 kilograms) limit. Changes in the Army command structure and the adoption of the M16 made interest in the SPIW fade, and eventually the project was allowed to die.
However, the program came under attack by the United States Congress as a waste of money, and was forced to scale back.
Although the basic problem of a single-dart flechette round had finally been solved by this time, none of the weapons entered offered the 100% improvement over the M16 that the Army tests required.
On the ground, mighty Arjun tanks lumber slowly across dunes, sure of their inpenetrable Kanchan armour even as they spew death through their 120 mm guns. Abstain from posting comments that are obscene, defamatory or inflammatory, and do not indulge in personal attacks. The audit notes that in several cases, DRDO bought equipment from other companies after spending crores on R&D.
The agency also successfully bred a region-specific hybrid goat using technology that mixed the genes of adaptive and meat traits through cross-breeding breeds such as Changthangi and Gaddi and Sirohi and Black Bengal goats. The CGDA has questioned why he granted Rs 2.88 crore to a mathematics institute to develop a futuristic radar when its scientists are not even remotely connected with research relating to the project.
During 2009-2010, DRDO sanctioned 702 projects costing above `50 lakh but only 102 research projects were referred to the ministry. Unless this happens, money will be squandered away on technologically outdated projects and the armed forces will be cheated,” says Mittal. In late 1993, a committee headed by then Scientific Adviser to the Defence Minister and DRDO chief APJ Abdul Kalam had set the goal of 70 per cent of indigenisation in weapons production by 2005; DRDO has not moved beyond the 30 per cent it had reached in 1995. The roads connecting the camp that housed about 200 soldiers — mostly employed in the construction of a new highway — had been mined. But the Army did not put all its eggs in the desi basket; it bought 100,000 AK-47s from Bulgaria in 1995 for its frontline units in Kashmir.
By the time it was finished in 2000, the tank had grown in size to 58.5 tonnes with a 120 mm gun that can fire rockets. In SALVO testing they were found to be able to penetrate one side of a standard steel helmet at 500 yards (460 m)a€”excellent given their light weighta€”but the dispersion of the darts was so great as to make them only marginally useful.
This meant they could be fired at extremely high rates of fire, from a very lightweight weapon.
Flechettes were found to be inaccurate and expelled fiberglass fragments with each round fired. It was to weigh under 10 pounds (4.5 kilograms) fully loaded with three grenades and 60 flechettes. Although the rounds were lightweight the weapon itself was not, at 24 pounds (11 kilograms) loaded, and the weapon was quickly eliminated from the contest. The grenade launcher portion of the design proved much more interesting, however, and work continued on that portion. While the weapons delivered on their promise of extremely high rates of fire and excellent penetration, the rounds themselves were extremely expensive to produce, and the darts could be easily deflected in flight even by heavy rain. Ironically, AAI's original "simple" grenade launcher turned out to be a major success: it was selected as the M203 in 1968 and became a common weapon under the M16. Jawans crouch and advance with the tanks, firing three-round bursts from their INSAS rifles and lobbing bhut jholokia grenades at their foes.
DRDO has also developed ‘Lukoskin’, a herbal care product for leucoderma and the performance enhancing drug Perfomax which is meant  to “improve physical and mental performance in high altitude and hypoxic conditions.” In true 007 style, it has also developed a car coolant that will not freeze in extreme temperatures.
The audit body also questioned the grounds on which DRDO authorities sanctioned new projects in the name of completing failed projects with questionable changes in scope to avoid ministry’s nod. The passion for swadeshi is the principle behind the money being spent by the Indian government on DRDO. The INSAS began rolling off the lines soon after, at a cost several times that of the Kalashnikov. However, the radar was the one that was to be developed by Ericsson and Ferranti Defence Systems Integration for the Gripen, a topline Swedish fighter plane. Finally, the rounds gave off extremely loud reports and had a huge muzzle flash, making the guns easily visible in low light. They are tireless, having imbibed performance-enhancing pills, and well-fed, having had spoil-proof parathas and self-heated packaged meals before battle.This is what a DRDO dream looks like. The audit also stated that the institute lacked expert manpower, and started recruitment only after getting DRDO funds that were released without due diligence.
For example, DRDO took up a project for development of counter mine flail (CMF) for T-72 tanks at a cost of `8 crore in December 2002. But most of DRDO equipment malfunctions or the projects themselves are yet to take off or are delayed, sucking in more and more money.
When war broke out in Kargil in 1999, INSASs jammed; the transparent polymer magazines cracked. However, a nightmare was revealed recently when Defence Minister A K Antony ordered the Comptroller General of Defence Audit (CGDA) to do a secret audit of Indiaa€™s equivalent of the futuristic workshop of James Bonda€™s a€?Qa€™ a€” the Defence Research and Development Organisation that goes by the handle DRDO.The highlights of the report are frightening. DRDO also spent Rs 6.85 crore to develop explosive detectors, which were offered to the army for Rs 30 lakh each.
In a separate report by CAG in 2011-12, the DRDO is criticised for spending crores on random research projects. A Dehradun scientific lab was granted Rs 14 crore to develop a communication link, while the institute headed by Saraswat was also sanctioned Rs 2.98 crore to develop the same technology — it doesn’t have even basic facilities like computers for individual researchers.


CMF is a device that creates a safe passage through a minefield by deliberately detonating land mines in front of the vehicle that  it is mounted on. In 10 years, cost escalations, delays and other serious problems grounded the project, which is now being developed with help from the Elta group, an Israel Aerospace Industries subsidiary.
Foreign versions of these are available off the shelf for Rs 9.8 lakh per piece, a price that also includes repair and maintenance.
In 2011, out of 55 high priority projects based on user-requirements, only thirteen went into production. Army HQ revised the requirement in 2004, but DRDO continued with the old parameters and in 2008, the product failed tests. Nepal blamed INSAS malfunctions for the disaster: “The rifles are okay if you fight for an hour or two, but are not appropriate for long battles. Kaveri, the engine of the LCA — christened Tejas by former PM Atal Behari Vajpayee — was to be developed by the Gas Turbine Research Establishment, Bangalore using prototypes made by General Electrics, USA.
Field tests have varied wildly: some have given the Arjun a junk rating, and others say it’s the best thing to have happened to the Armoured Corps. A modular bridge, being developed for the army was shelved in 2010, after eight years of experiments and spending Rs 21.46 crore. In spite of this, it was not closed and in February 2011, another new project costing Rs 49.85 crore was sanctioned for the same CMF project.
If we had  better weapons, our casualties would have been much less,” said a Nepal government spokesman. By 2002, the Army had ordered the Israeli Tavor 21 rifle for its special forces and the Galil for its snipers.
By 2003, it had to be abandoned for an upgraded version of the GE engine used in the prototypes selected to power the first pre-production Tejas. It will be ordering a review of the agencya€™s approval processes as well as that of the recent proposal to enhance the financial powers for DRDO chief V K Saraswat.Waste productsCrores of rupees are spent on research that mostly flopsThe CGDA audit findings raise serious questions on the capability of this defence outfit, which has an annual budget of Rs 10,500 crore. In November 2011, the Ministry of Defence issued a tender for 66,000 assault rifles to replace the INSAS. This year, the Special Forces will induct US-made M-4 rifles, the Vietnam-era M-16’s newer version that US soldiers now use in Afghanistan. The Kaveri had, in the meantime, failed high-altitude tests carried out in Russia, and by 2008, was officially declared unsuitable.
South African howitzers have been mated to its chassis to make a self-propelled field gun that DRDO calls Bhima. The initiative to produce next generation laser weapons was closed down within a month after equipment was procured. The laid down procedure of audit was not followed, and it was issued without authorisation. GE was selected to provide 99 engines that were even better than the ones used in the first LCAs. Mysteriously, 15 actuators of the aircraft that were part of the LCA’s integrated flight control system went missing in December 2008  from Heathrow, London. The next Indian tank, the Futuristic MBT, may well come from a joint initiative with Russia. DRDO has achieved several milestones and that nobody is talking about, ” retorted Dr Ravi Gupta, DRDO’s official spokesperson. The Kaveri programme alone cost the nation about Rs 2,800 crore over 23 years; the cost overrun of the entire LCA programme is estimated at about 3,000 per cent.
However, the CGDA report says that DRDO has tried to camouflage its failures in the name of secrecy and national security. Basically, instead of doing development itself, DRDO is funding a foreign agencya€™s development effort, that too, without any explicit arrangements being finalised about ownership of intellectual property generated from such financing,a€? noted the CGDA. Says V K Mittal, a former senior scientist with the agency, a€?DRDO technology is almost two decades old. DRDO has also developed a€?Lukoskina€™, a herbal care product for leucoderma and the performance enhancing drug Perfomax which is meantA  to a€?improve physical and mental performance in high altitude and hypoxic conditions.a€? In true 007 style, it has also developed a car coolant that will not freeze in extreme temperatures.
The initiative to produce next generation laser weapons was closed down within a month after equipment was procured.a€?We are dangerously behind our adversaries. It is a big disappointmenta€?, observes security analyst Major General (Retd) Afsir Karim.Flop wondersInstitutions without qualifications are promotedDefence minister Antony had asked the CGDA to investigate after receiving complaints on suspected manipulation in DRDO contracts, undue favor to some external vendors, and irregular appointments in the agency which runs a vast network across the country. A Dehradun scientific lab was granted Rs 14 crore to develop a communication link, while the institute headed by Saraswat was also sanctioned Rs 2.98 crore to develop the same technology a€” it doesna€™t have even basic facilities like computers for individual researchers.
DRDO has achieved several milestones and that nobody is talking about, a€? retorted Dr Ravi Gupta, DRDOa€™s official spokesperson. However, the CGDA report says that DRDO has tried to camouflage its failures in the name of secrecy and national security.Says Commodore (Retd) Uday Bhaskar, former head of the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA), a€?The Government is not willing to discuss the Rama Rao committee report that talks about reforming DRDO. The audit body also questioned the grounds on which DRDO authorities sanctioned new projects in the name of completing failed projects with questionable changes in scope to avoid ministrya€™s nod. CMF is a device that creates a safe passage through a minefield by deliberately detonating land mines in front of the vehicle thatA  it is mounted on. Unless this happens, money will be squandered away on technologically outdated projects and the armed forces will be cheated,a€? says Mittal.Meanwhile, there has been a huge exodus of scientists from the agency. India purchases arms worth $6.9 billion from the US, making it Americaa€™s second largest defence client after the Saudis. The Congressional Research Servicea€™s annual survey of global arms sales written by Richard Grimmett and Paul Kerr says India is fast upgrading its equipment from its Soviet-era arsenal. As the evening shadows grew longer at the Royal Nepal Armya€™s Pili camp in western Kalikot district, about 550 km northwest of capital Kathmandu, Maoist fighters massed silently outside. The roads connecting the camp that housed about 200 soldiers a€” mostly employed in the construction of a new highway a€” had been mined.
Nepal blamed INSAS malfunctions for the disaster: a€?The rifles are okay if you fight for an hour or two, but are not appropriate for long battles. If we hadA  better weapons, our casualties would have been much less,a€? said a Nepal government spokesman.
This year, the Special Forces will induct US-made M-4 rifles, the Vietnam-era M-16a€™s newer version that US soldiers now use in Afghanistan.
Kaveri, the engine of the LCA a€” christened Tejas by former PM Atal Behari Vajpayee a€” was to be developed by the Gas Turbine Research Establishment, Bangalore using prototypes made by General Electrics, USA.
Mysteriously, 15 actuators of the aircraft that were part of the LCAa€™s integrated flight control system went missing in December 2008A  from Heathrow, London.
In 1974, DRDOa€™s Combat Vehicles Research and Development Establishment at Chennai started designing the tank expected to be ready for war in 10 years. Field tests have varied wildly: some have given the Arjun a junk rating, and others say ita€™s the best thing to have happened to the Armoured Corps. The next Indian tank, the Futuristic MBT, may well come from a joint initiative with Russia.As the MoD prepares to review DRDOa€™s financial procedures, the news is not all bad on the achievement front. However, the question for him is, after the ministrya€™s review, whata€™s for just desserts.



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