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During the great ice storm of December 2013, 4-6 December, SML taught at the Fort Worth Police Academy.
SML Contracted To Appear As An Expert Witness-Early December saw SML appear as an expert witness in northern Ohio. SML Attends IACP Convention-Mid-October saw SML attend the IACP convention in Philadelphia, PA. Of specific interest was laser guns that take such pictures and accompanying video that allows for a tracking history. Major Texas City To Use Adopt A School Zone Program-A major Texas city will be taking advantage of i??i??the Adopt A School Zone program.
SML Cancels Appearance At Annual New Mexico Chiefs Of Police Convention-SML contacted authorities at the New Mexico Chiefs Of Police Convention scheduled for 10-12 December 2013 telling them that road conditions did not permit SML to travel to the Albuquerque event. SML Attends IACP Convention-Mid-October saw SML attend the IACP convention in Philadelphia, PA.A  SML attends the annual convention as it is an Associate Member of the International Association of Chiefs of Police.
Of specific interest was laser guns that take such pictures and accompanying video that allows for a tracking history.A  This has been done for over a decade with radar guns tied to dash cam video systems. Major Texas City To Use Adopt A School Zone Program-A major Texas city will be taking advantage of the Adopt A School Zone program. Published-This quarter saw SML published in two national police publications, Police and Security News and The Police Journal. The second research project published in The Police Journal was the legal abolishment of environmental i??speed limits by the titled Environmental Speed Limits: Gone.
Student Testimonials-We teach on average once a month at law enforcement agencies nationally. SML Teaches At Fort Bliss For A Second Time-SML again taught at Fort Bliss, Texas on 5-7 August 2013.
SML Assists Prosecutora€™s Office-SML served this Texas Prosecutora€™s Office in September 2013 as an i??Court recognized expert witness in a recent radar trial. SML Teaches At Temple, Texas-September 3-5, 2013 saw SML teach the NHTSA compliant curriculum to officers from several different departments at the facilities of the Temple Police Department.
Considerable national and state law demands the probable cause for making a traffic stop for speeding is the officera€™s estimation that the target vehicle was speeding.
The Grand Prairie, TX Police Department Selects To Sponsor SML Training-The Grand Prairie Police Department contacted SML in sponsoring a Master Radari?? Laser Instructor Certification course scheduled for 21-23 January 2014. The second research project published in The Police Journal was the legal abolishment of environmental speed limits by the titled Environmental Speed Limits: Gone. SML Assists Prosecutora€™s Office-SML served this Texas Prosecutora€™s Office in September 2013 as an Court recognized expert witness in a recent radar trial. The Grand Prairie, TX Police Department Selects To Sponsor SML Training-The Grand Prairie Police Department contacted SML in sponsoring a Master Radar Laser Instructor Certification course scheduled for 21-23 January 2014. The NAACP bestows the annual Image Awards for achievement in the arts and entertainment, and the annual Spingarn Medals for outstanding positive achievement of any kind, on deserving black Americans.
The NAACP's headquarters is in Baltimore, with additional regional offices in California, New York, Michigan, Colorado, Georgia, Texas and Maryland.[6] Each regional office is responsible for coordinating the efforts of state conferences in the states included in that region. In 1905, a group of thirty-two prominent African-American leaders met to discuss the challenges facing people of color and possible strategies and solutions.
This section may need to be rewritten entirely to comply with Wikipedia's quality standards. The Race Riot of 1908 in Abraham Lincoln's hometown of Springfield, Illinois, had highlighted the urgent need for an effective civil rights organization in the U.S.
On May 30, 1909, the Niagara Movement conference took place at New York City's Henry Street Settlement House, from which an organization of more than 40 individuals emerged, calling itself the National Negro Committee. The conference resulted in a more influential and diverse organization, where the leadership was predominantly white and heavily Jewish American. According to Pbs.org "Over the years Jews have also expressed empathy (capability to share and understand another's emotion and feelings) with the plight of Blacks.
As a member of the Princeton chapter of the NAACP, Albert Einstein corresponded with Du Bois, and in 1946 Einstein called racism "America's worst disease".[21][22] Du Bois continued to play a pivotal role in the organization and served as editor of the association's magazine, The Crisis, which had a circulation of more than 30,000. An African American drinks out of a segregated water cooler designated for "colored" patrons in 1939 at a streetcar terminal in Oklahoma City. In its early years, the NAACP concentrated on using the courts to overturn the Jim Crow statutes that legalized racial segregation. The NAACP began to lead lawsuits targeting disfranchisement and racial segregation early in its history.
In 1916, when the NAACP was just seven years old, chairman Joel Spingarn invited James Weldon Johnson to serve as field secretary. The NAACP devoted much of its energy during the interwar years to fighting the lynching of blacks throughout the United States by working for legislation, lobbying and educating the public. The NAACP also spent more than a decade seeking federal legislation against lynching, but Southern white Democrats voted as a block against it or used the filibuster in the Senate to block passage. In alliance with the American Federation of Labor, the NAACP led the successful fight to prevent the nomination of John Johnston Parker to the Supreme Court, based on his support for denying the vote to blacks and his anti-labor rulings. The organization also brought litigation to challenge the "white primary" system in the South.
The board of directors of the NAACP created the Legal Defense Fund in 1939 specifically for tax purposes.
With the rise of private corporate litigators like the NAACP to bear the expense, civil suits became the pattern in modern civil rights litigation. The NAACP's Baltimore chapter, under president Lillie Mae Carroll Jackson, challenged segregation in Maryland state professional schools by supporting the 1935 Murray v.
Locals viewing the bomb-damaged home of Arthur Shores, NAACP attorney, Birmingham, Alabama, on September 5, 1963. The campaign for desegregation culminated in a unanimous 1954 Supreme Court decision in Brown v.
The State of Alabama responded by effectively barring the NAACP from operating within its borders because of its refusal to divulge a list of its members.
New organizations such as the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) rose up with different approaches to activism. The NAACP continued to use the Supreme Court's decision in Brown to press for desegregation of schools and public facilities throughout the country. By the mid-1960s, the NAACP had regained some of its preeminence in the Civil Rights Movement by pressing for civil rights legislation. In 1993 the NAACP's Board of Directors narrowly selected Reverend Benjamin Chavis over Reverend Jesse Jackson to fill the position of Executive Director. In 1996 Congressman Kweisi Mfume, a Democratic Congressman from Maryland and former head of the Congressional Black Caucus, was named the organization's president. In the second half of the 1990s, the organization restored its finances, permitting the NAACP National Voter Fund to launch a major get-out-the-vote offensive in the 2000 U.S.
During the 2000 Presidential election, Lee Alcorn, president of the Dallas NAACP branch, criticized Al Gore's selection of Senator Joe Lieberman for his Vice-Presidential candidate because Lieberman was Jewish.
Alcorn, who had been suspended three times in the previous five years for misconduct, subsequently resigned from the NAACP and started his own organization called the Coalition for the Advancement of Civil Rights. Alcorn's remarks were also condemned by the Reverend Jesse Jackson, Jewish groups and George W.
The Internal Revenue Service informed the NAACP in October 2004 that it was investigating its tax-exempt status based on Julian Bond's speech at its 2004 Convention in which he criticized President George W. As the American LGBT rights movement gained steam after the Stonewall riots of 1969, the NAACP became increasingly affected by the movement to suppress or deny rights to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people.
This aspect of the NAACP came into existence in 1936 and now is made of over 600 groups and totaling over 30,000 individuals. In 2003, NAACP President and CEO, Kweisi Mfume, appointed Brandon Neal, the National Youth and College Division Director.[46] Currently, Stefanie L. Since 1978 the NAACP has sponsored the Afro-Academic, Cultural, Technological and Scientific Olympics (ACT-SO) program for high school youth around the United States.
When right-wing media maven Andrew Breitbart publicized a maliciously edited video of a speech at a NAACP-sponsored Georgia event by USDA worker Shirley Sherrod, the mainstream press recycled his libel without properly vetting it, and the organization itself piled on without properly checking what had happened.[48] NAACP president and CEO has since apologized. 21.Jump up ^ Fred Jerome, Rodger Taylor (2006), Einstein on Race and Racism, Rutgers University Press, 2006. 22.Jump up ^ Warren Washington (2007), Odyssey in Climate Modeling, Global Warming, and Advising Five Presidents.
30.Jump up ^ AJCongress on Statement by NAACP Chapter Director on Lieberman, American Jewish Congress (AJC), August 9, 2000. 33.Jump up ^ "President Bush addresses the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People's (NAACP) national convention" (video). 37.Jump up ^ "Election Year Activities and the Prohibition on Political Campaign Intervention for Section 501(c)(3) Organizations". National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Region 1 Photograph Collection, ca. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply.
In 1987, Bishop Zubik was appointed Administrative Secretary to then-Pittsburgh Bishop Anthony J. In 1995, he was named Associate General Secretary and Chancellor of the Diocese of Pittsburgh, and on January 1, 1996, became Vicar General and General Secretary—a position in which he served until his appointment to the Diocese of Green Bay.
Bishop Zubik was consecrated a bishop on April 6, 1997, at Saint Paul Cathedral and was appointed auxiliary bishop of the Diocese of Pittsburgh. ACTUALLY DIED AT AGH, WHICH OF COURSE THEY ACCOMPLISHED (even though Canonsburg General Hospital is the rehab's NEXT DOOR NEIGHBOR!). Statement of Transition-Wea€™ve been teaching NHTSA compliant instruction on Operator and Instruction Certification for the use of police radar and laser guns at law enforcement agencies for more than ten years. We began April teaching at the request of the Battleground Washington Police Agency in Battleground, WA. Field activities were hindered by consistent rain which is typical for this part of the country. SML Test Temperature Of Radar Guns-During June of 2014 SML tested the maximum temperature of police radar guns. The Most Important Police Radar And Laser Court Questions-This eight page document contains the most commonly asked sixteen questions of officers while on the witness stand. SML Published-The summer 2014 issue of The Police Journal published nationally SMLa€™s research article Evidence of Speeding. In the picture to the left was taken from a state police vehicle in 2003 showing such an interface with the Decatur Electronics radar gun interfaced to a MPH video system.i?? The target vehicle, an old Astro van, was traveling at 85 mph and the patrol vehicle with the system was at 62 mph. SML Testifies For Several Courts-SML was and hasi?? been called to testify as a court recognized expert witness for the prosecution by several courts. SML Teaches At Clifton, AZ-During the summer of 2014 SML taught the standard, NHTSA Compliant Radar Operator course to the traffic division of the Clifton, AZ police department. SML Attends ETATS Committee Of The IACP-June 2014 saw SML attend the semi-annual meeting of the Electronic Technology Advisory Technical Sub-Committee of the International Association of Chiefs of Police attended by representatives of NHTSA in Branson, MO.
SML Teaches At The East Texas Police Academy-During the period SML taught the standard NHTSA police radar and laser gun Instructor Course at the facility located at Kilgore College in Kilgore, TX.
Students were required to establish a valid visual tracking history recording the estimates of fifty vehicle speeds and distances.
Each student was required to make a ten (10) minute presentation to the class of topics covered during the instruction.
In the picture to the left was taken from a state police vehicle in 2003 showing such an interface with the Decatur Electronics radar gun interfaced to a MPH video system.A  The target vehicle, an old Astro van, was traveling at 85 mph and the patrol vehicle with the system was at 62 mph.
SML Testifies For Several Courts-SML was and has been called to testify as a court recognized expert witness for the prosecution by several courts.
The case involved the i??Ohio State Police and the court had not given judicial notice for the use of laser guns in that jurisdiction. SML has been asked to bid on a program that involves sponsorship of school zones by private businesses. Students i??were required to i??estimate the speed and distance of fifty estimations each at the local airport with help from the Emporia Police Department. The case involved the Ohio State Police and the court had not given judicial notice for the use of laser guns in that jurisdiction. It sits on the ETATS committee that in part sets performance specifications for the operation of radar and laser systems. The Kustom Signals, Inc LaserCam IIA® and the Laser Technology Incorporated, LTI, accomplish such tasks.
Students were required to estimate the speed and distance of fifty estimations each at the local airport with help from the Emporia Police Department. The first publicationa€™s research titled, i??Speed Enforcement Equipment Testing looked at laser guns shot through the windshield and compared their range to the same laser shot outside the vehicle.
The Texas Legislature passed in their House Bill 1365, amended the Texas Transportation Code A§545.353(j), Section 25 and told authorities no environmental speed limits were to be allowed in Texas.
SML was contracted to teach the NHTSA compliant Master Radar Laser Instructor course to military police of the i??93D Military Policei?? Battalion at the installation. Four categories i??are assessed for a passing score of 360 or 90% of the total of 400 potential points. Graduates of the course are Certified to teach Operators and Master Instructors using the Law Enforcement Services LLC curriculum or those approved by SML.
A new California law prohibits radar and laser equipment manufacturers from submitting bids on re-certification of their equipment. The first publicationa€™s research titled, Speed Enforcement Equipment Testing looked at laser guns shot through the windshield and compared their range to the same laser shot outside the vehicle.
SML was contracted to teach the NHTSA compliant Master Radar Laser Instructor course to military police of the 93D Military Police Battalion at the installation. Four categories are assessed for a passing score of 360 or 90% of the total of 400 potential points. The board elects one person as the president and one as chief executive officer for the organization; Benjamin Jealous is its most recent (and youngest) President, selected to replace Bruce S. Local chapters are supported by the 'Branch and Field Services' department and the 'Youth and College' department. They were particularly concerned by the Southern states' disfranchisement of blacks starting with Mississippi's passage of a new constitution in 1890. In fact, at its founding, the NAACP had only one African American on its executive board, Du Bois himself.
In the early 20th century, Jewish newspapers drew parallels between the Black movement out of the South and the Jews' escape from Egypt, pointing out that both Blacks and Jews lived in ghettos, and calling anti-Black riots in the South "pogroms".


Storey was a long-time classical liberal and Grover Cleveland Democrat who advocated laissez-faire free markets, the gold standard, and anti-imperialism. In 1913, the NAACP organized opposition to President Woodrow Wilson's introduction of racial segregation into federal government policy, offices, and hiring. It was influential in winning the right of African Americans to serve as officers in World War I. Because of disfranchisement, there were no black representatives from the South in Congress. Southern states had created white-only primaries as another way of barring blacks from the political process. The NAACP's Legal department, headed by Charles Hamilton Houston and Thurgood Marshall, undertook a campaign spanning several decades to bring about the reversal of the "separate but equal" doctrine announced by the Supreme Court's decision in Plessy v. Board of Education that held state-sponsored segregation of elementary schools was unconstitutional. These newer groups relied on direct action and mass mobilization to advance the rights of African Americans, rather than litigation and legislation.
Daisy Bates, president of its Arkansas state chapter, spearheaded the campaign by the Little Rock Nine to integrate the public schools in Little Rock, Arkansas. Johnson worked hard to persuade Congress to pass a civil rights bill aimed at ending racial discrimination in employment, education and public accommodations, and succeeded in gaining passage in July 1964. The dismissal of two leading officials further added to the picture of an organization in deep crisis.
A controversial figure, Chavis was ousted eighteen months later by the same board that had hired him. Three years later strained finances forced the organization to drastically cut its staff, from 250 in 1992 to just fifty. On a gospel talk radio show on station KHVN, Alcorn stated, "If we get a Jew person, then what I'm wondering is, I mean, what is this movement for, you know?
Bush (president from 2001–2009) declined an invitation to speak to its national convention.[31] The White House originally said the president had a schedule conflict with the NAACP convention,[32] slated for July 10–15, 2004.
Bond, while chairman of the NAACP, became an outspoken supporter of the rights of gays and lesbians, publicly stating his support for same-sex marriage. Barber, II of North Carolina participating actively against (the ultimately-successful) North Carolina Amendment 1 in 2012. The NAACP Youth & College Division is a branch of the NAACP in which youth are actively involved. The program is designed to recognize and award African American youth who demonstrate accomplishment in academics, technology, and the arts. Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, in articles "Civil Rights Movement" by Patricia Sullivan (pp 441-455) and "National Association for the Advancement of Colored People" by Kate Tuttle (pp 1,388-1,391). Hooks, "Birth and Separation of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund," Crisis 1979 86(6): 218-220. Zubik was born September 4, 1949, in Sewickley, Pennsylvania, to Stanley and the late Susan (Raskosky) Zubik. The i??Instructor Certification Course was taught to some fourteen different departments including the i??Unites States Navy and Canada. NHTSA and IACP (International Association of Chiefs of Police) recommend students be re-certified every three (3) years or consistent to their departmental, written policy of re-certification of officers and equipment. In the picture you can see the Stalker 2X with a temperature of 125E™ F with a i??hand held temperature gauge. The article looks at the history of using dash-cam video systems tied to i??radar guns by many police agencies to produce evidence of speeding for the courts. Now, current laser guns introduced recently at the IACP Annual Convention show the same with the Chevrolet HHR traveling at a speed of 42 mph in a 30 mph speed zone. I see no difference between manually connecting radar with dash-cam video systems, which has been for decades, and the development of laser guns that manually take pictures.
SML testified for the Jefferson County Municipal Court, Wisconsin in a speeding trial involving a laser gun. Getting word of SMLa€™s appearance the Greenlee County Sheriffa€™s Department sent officers to be trained. If your department doesna€™t have a written statement, and chances you dona€™t or it is not current, find out what the state police are doing in your state for officer certification and equipment re-certification.
The Instructor Certification Course was taught to some fourteen different departments including the Unites States Navy and Canada.
In the picture you can see the Stalker 2X with a temperature of 125E™ F with a hand held temperature gauge. The article looks at the history of using dash-cam video systems tied to radar guns by many police agencies to produce evidence of speeding for the courts. The final day had to be postponed until 23 December when the attendees gave their ten i??minute presentation to the class. The court recognized SML as an expert witness and gave judicial notice to the use of laser in the jurisdiction. This has been done with Rest Areas being sponsored by forward thinking communities along interstates.
The final day had to be postponed until 23 December when the attendees gave their ten minute presentation to the class. Unique to the new LTI TruSpeedA® Sx binocular system is the easy interface with a smart phone that is already equipped to take still and video images.
Considerable research abounds from other state DOT and Federal authorities saying regardless of the posted speed limit, drivers drive the speed they feel safe and reasonable. Although we give out an evaluation i??sheet as part of our instruction, it is great to have students take the time and effort to write. A considerable effort was made to have students establish a Valid Visual Tracking History consistent with federal protocol and NHTSA recommendations.
Once the defendant heard that the Prosecutora€™s Office was presenting an expert witness, he asked the Court for a continuance of the trial. The four categories are class participation, presentation (graded by fellow students), field exercises, and final post instruction 100 question testing.
A confirmation of the officers estimation is confirmed by the reading of the traffic radar or laser gun.
TCLOSE (Texas Commission on Law Officers Standards and Education) awards credit for attendance for such instruction using their number #2054. Although we give out an evaluation sheet as part of our instruction, it is great to have students take the time and effort to write. The 'Legal' department focuses on court cases of broad application to minorities, such as systematic discrimination in employment, government, or education.
Through the early 1900s, legislatures dominated by white Democrats ratified new constitutions and laws creating barriers to voter registration and more complex election rules. Mary White Ovington, journalist William English Walling and Henry Moskowitz met in New York City in January 1909 and the NAACP was born.[14] Solicitations for support went out to more than 60 prominent Americans, and a meeting date was set for February 12, 1909. It did not elect a black president until 1975, although executive directors had been African-American. Storey consistently and aggressively championed civil rights, not only for blacks but also for Native Americans and immigrants (he opposed immigration restrictions). Six hundred African-American officers were commissioned and 700,000 men registered for the draft. United States (1915) to Oklahoma's discriminatory grandfather clause that disfranchised most black citizens while exempting many whites from certain voter registration requirements. The NAACP regularly displayed a black flag stating "A Man Was Lynched Yesterday" from the window of its offices in New York to mark each lynching. The NAACP lost most of the internecine battles with the Communist Party and International Labor Defense over the control of those cases and the strategy to be pursued in that case. Since southern states were dominated by the Democrats, the primaries were the only competitive contests.
Intimidated by the Department of the Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service, the Legal and Educational Defense Fund, Inc., became a separate legal entity in 1957, although it was clear that it was to operate in accordance with NAACP policy. He followed that with passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which provided for protection of the franchise, with a role for federal oversight and administrators in places where voter turnout was historically low. Benjamin Hooks, a lawyer and clergyman, was elected as the NAACP's executive director in 1977, after the retirement of Roy Wilkins. They accused him of using NAACP funds for an out-of-court settlement in a sexual harassment lawsuit.[26] Following the dismissal of Chavis, Myrlie Evers-Williams narrowly defeated NAACP chairperson William Gibson for president in 1995, after Gibson was accused of overspending and mismanagement of the organization's funds. Large amounts of money are being given to them by large corporations that I have a problem with."[27] Alcorn also said, "I cannot be bought. Jackson said he strongly supported Lieberman's addition to the Democratic ticket, saying, "When we live our faith, we live under the law.
On July 10, 2004, however, Bush's spokesperson said that Bush had declined the invitation to speak to the NAACP because of harsh statements about him by its leaders.[32] In an interview, Bush said, "I would describe my relationship with the current leadership as basically nonexistent. Most notably he boycotted the 2004 funeral services for Coretta Scott King on the grounds that the King children had chosen an anti-gay megachurch. The Youth Council is composed of hundreds of state, county, high school and college operations where youth (and college students) volunteer to share their voices or opinions with their peers and address issues that are local and national.
A graduate and former Student Government President at Howard University, Stefanie previously served as the National Youth Council Coordinator of the NAACP. Local chapters sponsor competitions in various categories of achievement for young people in grades 9–12.
Crafting Law in the Second Reconstruction: Julius Chambers, the NAACP Legal Defense Fund, and Title VII. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People: A Case Study in Pressure Groups. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. He attended Saint Stanislaus Elementary School and Saint Veronica High School, both in Ambridge, before entering Saint Paul Seminary in Pittsburgh. In 1988, he was appointed Administrative Secretary and Master of Ceremonies to then-Pittsburgh Bishop Donald W.
Sponsoring agencies get one no charge enrollment if ten students sign up for the course and two no charge slots if the number is twenty. The 2X is unique with its front and rear antenna and ita€™s distinctive display showing the speeds of vehicles in all four directions. SML consulted with the Marysville, OH prosecutor in another another speeding case involving the use of a laser gun.
Field exercise were key to the training having students i??estimate the speeds and distances of fifty vehicles in each category. SML was assisted by SML staff member Craig Pittman during the instruction.i?? A female officer used the ProLaser III from Kustom Signals Inc.
As part of the curriculum, each student was required to give a ten minute presentation on the topic covered in the class. Field exercise were key to the training having students estimate the speeds and distances of fifty vehicles in each category. During the trial, SML noticed the Ohio State Police were mounting their radar antennas externally by the light bar.
Individual participating schools will construct a budget for signs, radar displays, personnel, and painting of school zone boundaries.
All new laser guns can record speed and distance of a target vehicle through the windshield.
Environmental Speed Limits were established in metropolitan areas of Texas by those entities desiring to comply with the Federal Clean Air Act. Students were required to bring with them to class the Instruction Manual of the radar or laser system they were using including tuning forks in the case of radar guns. He had asked under Discovery, the certification of the radar, the certification of the tuning forks, who performed the re-certification of the equipment, how many tickets had the officer written with the radar gun and asked for a copy of the Instructora€™s Manual of the radar gun.
Students were allowed to select the topic of their presentation The sponsoring department is allowed on free slot for each ten (10) students enrolled. The individual department training coordinator will submit the hours, which are 24 hours, to TCLOSE.
He had asked under Discovery, the certification of the radar, the certification of the tuning forks, who performed the re-certification of the equipment, how many tickets had the officer written with the radar gun and asked for a copy of the Instructora€™s Manual of the radar gun.A  The Instructora€™s Manuals of some radar guns contain proprietary data and may not be disseminated as is clearly stated on the opening pages of the Instruction Manual. The individual department training coordinator will submit the hours, which are 24 hours, to TCLOSE.A  Reservations for the course are handled by SML with its phone number appearing the flyer. This was intended to coincide with the 100th anniversary of the birth of President Abraham Lincoln, who emancipated enslaved African Americans. Jews made substantial financial contributions to many civil rights organizations, including the NAACP, the Urban League, the Congress of Racial Equality, and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. The following year, the NAACP organized a nationwide protest, with marches in numerous cities, against D. Within four years, Johnson was instrumental in increasing the NAACP's membership from 9,000 to almost 90,000. More than 200 black tenant farmers were killed by roving white vigilantes and federal troops after a deputy sheriff's attack on a union meeting of sharecroppers left one white man dead. Starting on December 5, 1955, NAACP activists, including Edgar Nixon, its local president, and Rosa Parks, who had served as the chapter's Secretary, helped organize a bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama.
He [Lieberman] is a firewall of exemplary behavior."[27] Al Sharpton, another prominent African-American leader, said, "The appointment of Mr. Winners of the local competitions are eligible to proceed to the national event at a convention held each summer at locations around the United States.
He received an undergraduate degree at Duquesne University in 1971 and went on to study at Saint Mary Seminary and University in Baltimore, Maryland, where he earned a degree in theology in 1975.
He was then assigned as Vice Principal of Quigley Catholic High School in Baden as well as Chaplain to the Sisters of Saint Joseph Motherhouse and Chaplain to the students at Mount Gallitzin Academy. Wuerl (now Cardinal Archbishop of Washington, DC), where he served until 1991, when he began his service as Director of Clergy Personnel.
Key to our instruction and nation-wide court decisions, was the students ability to establish a Valid Visual Tracking History. The fast lock feature of the display as the fastest of opposite lane approaching locked at 55 mph and the rear same lane locked at 47 mph. Like the Laser Technology Inc., TruCamA® a tracking history of the suspect vehicle may be transferred to video by the laser guns. The courts and attorney generals of states are not current with the technological developments in the police speed enforcement industry.


Recently, SML received a Subpoena to appear in a municipal court in Virginia that involves a moving radar gun. The courts have continually said nationally the probable cause for making any traffic stop is the Valid Visual Tracking History (VVTH) of the officer. All student passed and the TOP GUN AWARD was presented to Officer Todd Young as the student with the score of 399.92, top student in the class.
In Canada, this is done country-wide with lime green paint being affixed to curbs that delineate the begin and end points of school zones.
A Kustom Pro Laser III was used to determine the speeds and distances of the target vehicles as the department had a model of the ProLaser III. Of specific interest is to ascertain the sales of radar and laser speed enforcement systems. It takes advantage of existing technology to accomplish the task of a€?evidence of speedinga€?. We further verified the accuracy of the speed readings comparing VASCAR (Vehicle Average Speed Computer And Recorder), radar and laser guns set in the a€?stop watcha€? modes. They were also to bring with them to the class the re-certification documents of the radar guns and laser guns as is ask for in many radar and laser trials.i?? Students were required to conduct an 85th % study as part of the curriculum doing it manually. A concentrated effort was made with officers in estimating speeds and distances of vehicles on Interstate 35.
We further verified the accuracy of the speed readings comparing VASCAR (Vehicle Average Speed Computer And Recorder), radarA  and laser guns set in the a€?stop watcha€? modes. Men who had been voting for thirty years in the South were told they did not "qualify" to register. Walling, social worker Mary White Ovington, and social worker Henry Moskowitz, then Associate Leader of the New York Society for Ethical Culture. While the meeting did not take place until three months later, this date is often cited as the founding date of the organization. Jewish historian Howard Sachar writes in his book A History of Jews in America of how, "In 1914, Professor Emeritus Joel Spingarn of Columbia University became chairman of the NAACP and recruited for its board such Jewish leaders as Jacob Schiff, Jacob Billikopf, and Rabbi Stephen Wise."[19] Early Jewish-American co-founders included Julius Rosenwald, Lillian Wald, Rabbi Emil G. Warley in 1917 that state and local governments cannot officially segregate African Americans into separate residential districts.
White published his report on the riot in the Chicago Daily News.[23] The NAACP organized the appeals for twelve black men sentenced to death a month later based on the fact that testimony used in their convictions was obtained by beatings and electric shocks. This was designed to protest segregation on the city's buses, two-thirds of whose riders were black. 449 (1958), the NAACP lost its leadership role in the Civil Rights Movement while it was barred from Alabama.
Committing to the Youth Council may reward young people with travel opportunities or scholarships. At the same time, he began graduate studies at Duquesne University where he earned a master’s degree in education administration in 1982.
Many times defense attorneys call SML desiring to have SML appear as a court recognized expert witness.
SML has testified in some fifty trials nationally and charges the manufacturer or the court in preparation and testimony fee. Therei?? are several steps to the VVTH which were reviewed by the instructor including the suspect vehicle was over the posted speed limit, listening to the Doppler audio of the radar gun, checking the patrol speed of the as reported by the speedometer compared to that of the radar gun. A total passing score of 360 points was necessary to have students attain 90% of the potential 400 points. There are several steps to the VVTH which were reviewed by the instructor including the suspect vehicle was over the posted speed limit, listening to the Doppler audio of the radar gun, checking the patrol speed of the as reported by the speedometer compared to that of the radar gun.
A Before and After study will be conducted at a selected elementary school, a middle school, and a high school in the district. An Emporia Police Department Charger was used in addition to a Lyon County Sheriffa€™s Department Ford Explorer for the field exercise. This year the emphasis was the use of laser guns that take pictures of infractions for court use for a€?evidence of speedinga€?.
A Before and After study will be conducted at a selected elementary school, a middle school, and a high school in the district.A  The Before study will look at the speed limit compliance with posted speed limits when the school zone is active.
In many cases, they were on interstate highways with a posted speed limit of 75 mph and were posted at 60 mph. One of the students was identified to use the Kustom ProLaser III with Kustoma€™s LaserStat computer program to show the students how quickly such a study could be conducted without manually entering the figures.
The goal of the Health Division is to advance health care for minorities through public policy initiatives and education. The Court's opinion reflected the jurisprudence of property rights and freedom of contract as embodied in the earlier precedent it established in Lochner v. Over the next ten years, the NAACP escalated its lobbying and litigation efforts, becoming internationally known for its advocacy of equal rights and equal protection for the "American Negro". Although states had to retract legislation related to the white primaries, the legislatures soon came up with new methods to limit the franchise for blacks.
He served in the role of adjunct spiritual director at Saint Paul Seminary from 1984 through 1991 and associate spiritual director at Saint Vincent Seminary, Latrobe, from 1989 through 1996. The TruCam is also capable of producing video documentation which is easily downloaded from the laser gun. Tisdale said it best in its summary that came from the Court of Appeals, Eighth District, Cuyahoga, Ohio, May 2008.
This final score was tabulated involving four categories being: post-instruction testing, class participation, ten minute presentation, and field activities.
The classwork was consistent with NHTSA recommendations of 24 hours of classroom instruction for Master Radar Laser Instructor Certification.
The field activity of estimations of speed and distance is essential in establishing a Valid Visual Tracking History substantiated by a radar or laser gun reading.
An After study will look at the same school zones after posting a radar displays, increased signage, or improved painting in the school zone and the percentage of drivers adhering to the speed limit.A  Solicitations will be made to the community to fund those devices or strategies that are effective. Of the total runs, only three times did the speeds of the three devices show the same speed.
These organizations thought merely posting the Environmental Speed Limits signs would mean compliance. The Military Police Battalion already has Kustom ProLaser III laser guns that can be used for such a study.
One of the students operated the Kustom Laser Stat program with a Kustom ProLaser III attached.A  This was done to show students how they can conduct 85th% study using their existing equipment. Operator training consumes one day from 8-5 at a cost of $150.00 per student with a minimum of five students. Probable Cause for any traffic stop must first be based on a Valid Visual Tracking History followed by confirmation of speed by a radar or laser gun. The 2X features a stop watch mode with allows jurisdictions limiting the use of radar to function as a VASCAR (Vehicle Average Speed Computer And Recorder) device with time from point to point. The Kustom Signals, Inc LaserCam 4 has a commercially available SD card to image the suspect target vehicle with provisions made for protection of the evidence. It said, a€?However, it now appears that Ohio courts may have fallen behind in the technological advancements in the industry. SML has contacted all fifty state police academies and has a list of what is taught at them.
Proper re-certification requires a large, and I mean large, investment in equipment and personnel. Strong emphasis was made of the necessity of a written, publicly available statement of use of police radar and laser guns including recertification of officers and equipment. Each successful student was given both wall and billfold certificates entitling them to teach both Master Instructors and Operators of radar and laser based speed enforcement systems.
In the classroom setting, the importance of using the correct tuning fork that accompanied the radar gun model was demonstrated. According to USDOTa€™s Traffic Safety Facts, Speeding is the second leading cause of death and injuries on Texas and national highways. SML lookedi?? at some 2,933 vehicles several years ago, six months ago, and in early September 2013 using a Kustom ProLaser III police laser gun tied to a laptop computer using Kustoma€™s LaserStat program that automatically give us the 85th %, average speed of the sample, and compliance rate of the sample. Kustoma€™s LaserStat program is facilitated by the addition of a cord between the laser gun and the laptop computer. SML looked at some 2,933 vehicles several years ago, six months ago, and in early September 2013 using a Kustom ProLaser III police laser gun tied to a laptop computer using Kustoma€™s LaserStat program that automatically give us the 85th %, average speed of the sample, and compliance rate of the sample. Other teaching engagements are scheduled for the remainder of 2013 with Fort Polk, LA and New Mexico departments. 86 (1923) that significantly expanded the Federal courts' oversight of the states' criminal justice systems in the years to come. The time again has come for Ohio courts to review requirements to prove a case of speeding based on the reading of the speed measuring device. Many departments use the recommended requirements of the state police academy as individual departments should have a written statement of use of radar and radar gun of that department including officer and equipment recertification. Choose a re-certification company that has a Federal Communications Commission, FCC, licensed technician.
Many departments find such teaching important as they must continually find officers who have attended the NHTSA compliant instruction.
In response to this cancer possibility the Occupational Safety And Health Act (OSHA) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) at the urging of the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) found that, a€?In sum, the assessment found that even with continuous exposure, no measurements at the aperture of the antennas of all devices tested exceeded the acceptablei?? OSHA levels. Students were told to keep their completed speed and distance form for court use in the future. In response to this cancer possibility the Occupational Safety And Health Act (OSHA) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) at the urging of the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) found that, a€?In sum, the assessment found that even with continuous exposure, no measurements at the aperture of the antennas of all devices tested exceeded the acceptable OSHA levels. Students were required to make a fifteen (15) minute presentation that was graded by other class members as a requirement for graduation. It has been 50 years since the Ohio Supreme Court last addressed the issue.a€? Chances are that if you get a speeding ticket your judge has not operated nor seen a police radar or laser gun. Further, tests were conducted by mounting radar units in patrol cars to see if microwave energy reflected off the windshield and thereby exposed the occupants of the vehicle. Such a controlled field test has not been conducted since 1998 as directed by the New Jersey Superior Court, Judge Reginald Stanton in the Counta€™s attempt to issue judicial notice for Court acceptance of laser speed readings. Considerable time and money was and is spent on posting the speed limits that no one obeyed.
Utilization of visual aids was highly recommended during the fifteen (15) minute student presentations. There is an approved listing of current production models and those no longer in production.
One of the participating Chiefs of Police gave his ten minute classroom presentation on the necessity of such a written document. There were no measurable amounts of microwave energy anywhere in the drivera€™s seat or the front passengera€™s seat. All of the military police students passed the NHTSA recommended curriculum which consists of twenty-four (24) hours of classroom instruction.
Pictured to the left is the presentation of one of the officers giving his ten minute presentation on the set up procedures required of the radar on the motor he used. One officer showed the correct use of tuning forks on the MPH Ranger EZ attached to his motor as he begins and end each shift. A Top Gun Award was given to the top student in the class as part of the graduation ceremonies.
This Top Gun Award is given to the top student in the class as determined with the highest final score.
Florida actually tests equipment to a more stringent standard than to the federal standard of DOT HS 809 812(radar) and DOT HS 809 811 (laser). Most radar antennas, save motorcycle units, are not designed to be externally mounted and must constantly be modified to meet the purpose of accurate readings consistent with the Operatora€™s Manual of the specific radar system. Federal agencies follow NHTSA recommendations of having officers and equipment re-certified every three years. The State of New Mexico issues compliance with their standards and has issued approval to SML curriculum and the approval number of NM12-53C.
The Texas Commission of Law Officer Standards and Education, TCLOSE, issues its own approvals and has issued the number of #2054 for the SML course. However, when we put a vehicle in front of them as they trailed the target vehicle by 500 feet, not one of the detectors alerted to laser. Part of the instruction is having students estimate the speeds of fifty (50) vehicles and the distances of (50) vehicles. This is done with various laser guns operated by students and is critical to establish a Valid Visual Tracking History.
A big thank you is given to the East Texas Council of Governments and the East Texas Law Enforcement Academy for their efforts in sponsoring the event. Court cases abound demanding the prima facia evidence is the officera€™s estimation speed of a vehicle i.e. Hall the court admonished the officer in making the traffic stop with probable cause based solely on the laser gun readi??ing.
Hall the court admonished the officer in making the traffic stop with probable cause based solely on the laser gun reading.
Each officer is billed $350.00 for attending such training and SML regularly conducts such training at different parts of the United States annually.
Students record 100 speeds of vehicles before any treatment and then record 100 after a large radar display is added to the same highway.
In many cases, a laser gun tied to a computer is shown to students allowing for immediate results.
The most prestigious award is the TOP GUN Award presented to the highest score in a particular class. The TOP GUN Award during the Fort Worth Police Academy teaching was presented to Officer Deena Evans for her fine performance.




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