Acquire dedicated assets, such as marine and air transport to support regional response to disasters.
Strengthen community awareness and participation through integrating disaster awareness programs into community activities and educational curricula. Establish reliable partnerships at the regional and international levels to build efficient technical capacity for effective disaster management policy implementation. CDEMA’s role has become increasingly important but the organization faces significant challenges constraining its capacity to play a more effective role in disaster management. The study found poor regional coordination, exemplified by organizational duplication and institutional overlap between actors. For small Caribbean states, commitments to more than one organization increases the financial and resource strain on the states. Although regional mechanisms are playing increasingly important roles in disaster risk management (DRM), there has been remarkably little research on their contributions and few published studies on their comparative advantages.
Is there a common understanding regarding the scope, characteristics and implementation of disaster risk management? The report documents the current contributions of Pacific regional organizations to DRM and explores the potential for them to play more substantial and active roles in the future.
At the regional level, the mandate for the overall coordination and monitoring of DRM activities currently rests with the SOPAC Division of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC),[1] including responsibilities for implementation of relevant technical programs.
In addition to the growth of Pacific regional intergovernmental organizations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) operating nationally and regionally have also grown in size and in number.
The challenges of growing and capacity-building will become greater in the near future, as countries and other PRO stakeholders move to integrate DRR, climate change adaptation (CCA) and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.
The Pacific region is now at the forefront in terms of risk insurance and finance options, largely as a result of the World Bank-SPC-Asian Development Bank Pacific Catastrophe Risk Assessment and Financing Initiative (PCRAFI). One of the challenges facing PROs is to develop approaches which integrate climate change adaptation strategies and disaster risk reduction. But now that countries are moving more and more to integrate DRR, CCA and climate change mitigation, PROs will be challenged to enhance their relevance, to demonstrate excellence as significant sources of technical and related assistance, and to help ensure improved alignment of international financial flows with these integrated approaches.
Nonresident Senior Fellow Beth Ferris focuses on the international community’s response to humanitarian crises, with a particular emphasis on the human rights of internally displaced persons. More than 26 million people around the world are currently displaced within their countries by conflict, human rights violations, natural disasters and climate change. Here in our presentation, we are going to give a brief description of the disaster preparedness in our country, the kingdom of Bhutan. Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation has introduced telecommunication system to support the implementation of disaster prevention, mitigation and rehabilitation activities. The Civil Defense Committee of all levels as mentioned above are responsible for civil defense and disaster management during peace time while in wartime or in the state of emergency as a result of terrorist attack or sabotage, the military command will be in charge as line agency responsible for directing all activities concerned with anti-terrorist attack. In state of emergency or wartime, the Civil Defense Secretariat plays supportive role while the military takes on leading role as commander of the special task force chaired by the Prime Minister himself. Pursuant to Bureaucratic Administration Regulation Act 2002, Ministerial Restructuring Act which have in effect since October 3, 2002, Government Organization Establishment Royal Decree which has been in effect since October 9, 2002, and Bureaucratic Organization Dividing Ministerial Statetute, Ministry of Interior 2002, The Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation (DDPM) has come into existenc3 under the umbrella of Ministry of Interior.
Procurement of materials equipment, vehicles, and machines indispensable for disaster prevention, mitigation, suppression and for victim assistance.

For Civil Defence Volunteer : The training courses for Civil Defence Volunteers will be more intensive so as to equip them with know-how on various disaster management activities including search and rescue. To be the public premise responsible for studying, analyzing, researching and developing disaster management related knowledge and know-how both in theoretical and practical aspects, and furtherly transfer to all stakeholders including the public. To be the entity accountable for exchanging experiences and information with internal and international network organizations and educational establishments. Besides arranging these training courses, Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation has initiated evacuation drill and simulated exercises annually to create awareness among the public and disaster management in charge officials. These threats are exacerbated by the effects of poor land use and environmental management practices. International partners and donors also play a part: UN, World Bank, OAS, USAID, CIDA, EU, etc.
As illustrated in the previous table, some CDEMA member states are involved in other frameworks, creating multiple tiers of commitment.
And these different organisations have each developed their own DRM strategy or plan of action. At a global level, a recent Brookings study sought to address this gap by summarizing the work of more than thirty regional organizations involved in DRM, drawing some comparisons and generalizations about the work of thirteen in particular. This involves consideration of the expectations and directives of the governing member countries of these Pacific Regional Organizations (PROs), their comparative advantage over other DRM mechanisms, and their capacity to provide such services. Climate change activities in the region, and coordinated engagement in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change process, are guided by the Secretariat for the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP). The Pacific Islands Association of Non-Governmental Organizations (PIANGO) was formally established in 1991 to assist Pacific NGOs to initiate action, to give voice to their concerns and to work collaboratively with other development actors for just and sustainable human development. Only one intergovernmental regional organization (the SOPAC Division of SPC) has a program devoted to DRM. Despite the fact that most PROs do not have a specific focus on DRM, they do have significant comparative advantages in some aspects of DRM, both individually and collectively. The capacities of PROs are currently restricted to certain aspects of DRM, notably disaster risk reduction (DRR) and aspects of disaster preparedness. It will be important for SPC to remain fully engaged in this process, and for other relevant PROs to learn from this experience as well as assist their stakeholders to explore this and other ways to reduce the immediate financial consequences of disasters. At the same time, regional organizations have worked out different mechanisms for encouraging collaboration, including frameworks for disaster risk reduction, regional military protocols, joint training exercises and regional insurance schemes. In this regard, more telephone lines will be installed in our provincial offices and regional centers. The principal actors in wartime situation are such as the National Security Council and the Ministry of Defense. Besides, The Secretariat Office is responsible for developing the curricula, evaluation of training achievement and launching public campaign. And in February 2003, Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation (DPM) has signed MOU with Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC) to cooperate in human resources management and disaster prevention and mitigation and exchange disaster expert. Small island states in the Caribbean are heavily dependent on the tourism industry and on the agricultural sector, both of which are adversely impacted by weather conditions.
This evolution led to a transition to the Caribbean Disaster Management Agency (CDEMA) in 2009.

The study explores these partnerships, finding that significant progress has been made in strengthening regional approaches to DRM.
Participating states provide less than 10% of CDEMA’s operational expenses, underlying the gap between political rhetoric and reality in the region. The present study also seeks to address the gap through an in-depth assessment of the Pacific islands region. Political leadership and effective resourcing issues are generally led and coordinated by the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat (PIFS). PIANGO supports a regional network of NGO focal points or coordinating bodies based in 21 Pacific Island countries and territories.
On the other hand, there are two non-governmental organizations (Foundation of the People of the South Pacific International and the Pacific Disaster Center) with such programs.
The Cooperation between DPM and ADPC will contribute the disaster management in Thailand be more efficient.
Effective disaster risk management (DRM) policies are thus central to development efforts of governments in the region. They were also used to determine where, within the DRM space, PROs are best placed to work, and how their current contributions might best be strengthened in order to realize their full potential as key players in DRM for the Pacific islands region.
Practical application of adaptation and mitigation activities across many key development sectors is led by SPC, and on some issues by SPREP, while research and development, including human resource development, are led by the University of the South Pacific. Within this network, specific Pacific Regional Non-Governmental Organizations (PRNGOs) meet regularly to discuss issues of common concern. Additionally, many regional bodies that were not established primarily as DRM mechanisms are now playing increasingly important roles in disaster risk reduction (DRR) and disaster preparedness.
PROs can add value to these international efforts by ensuring that early warnings and other information related to extreme events in the region are made widely available. Regional cooperation in the Pacific began immediately after World War II, when the region was almost wholly made up of dependent territories. Other agencies within the Council of Regional Organizations of the Pacific focus on particular sectors, covering the specific impacts of climate change on these sectors and mainstreaming these into their responses.
In the Pacific this is especially relevant for sudden-onset events such as seismic and volcanic activity, tsunamis and tropical cyclones but also for slow-onset crises such as drought and famine. A historical perspective on regionalism in the Pacific is extremely important for understanding the current and future roles of PROs in DRM.
This includes the Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency (PIFFA) on pelagic fisheries, the South Pacific Tourism Organization covering tourism, the Pacific Power Association (PPA) with power utilities, and the Fiji School of Medicine on health issues. And though the remainder of the PROs may not even mention DRM or climate change explicitly in their work programs and descriptive materials, the available documentation indicates, usually through references to development challenges, that such topics may well be addressed through their activities.
Moreover, regional organizations could play an important role in responding to smaller-scale, slow-onset events that do not trigger major media coverage or responses from international disaster relief and recovery agencies.

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