The priorities contained within this plan are integral to achieving the capability pathway laid out in the Defence White Paper 2010, and the total Defence Capability 2020 vision. Programmes comprise a number of individual projects designed to contribute to the achievement of an overall capability effect. Credible combat capabilities are the fundamental element of the NZ Army's deployable ground forces. The Special Operations Forces element of the NZDF's credible combat capability will be enhanced to give it a more sustainable footing. The Defence White Paper 2010 proposed that naval combat capabilities be upgraded, to ensure that the ANZAC frigates continue to provide a valued contribution to coalition operations.
New NH90 Medium Utility Helicopters will provide the NZDF with a significantly enhanced tactical troop lift helicopter, fitted with self-protection systems. The Kaman SH-2G Seasprite forms part of the ANZAC frigates' capability and may also embark on the two new Offshore Patrol Vessels and the Multi Role Vessel when their tasking requires the use of an aircraft.
A number of discrete Land Combat Support projects will deliver a range of combat support capabilities that have either been lost, will shortly reach the end of their life, or are new. The Defence White Paper 2010 specifically noted the need to improve the combat effectiveness, protection, and mobility of land forces. In order to allow our Special Operations forces to maintain and enhance a high level of operational readiness, a new Battle Training Capability will be established. Credible combat forces can be successful only when supported by deployable, capable, and responsive strategic projection and logistics capabilities.
The NZ Army will be reshaped around a Combined Arms Task Group to increase the combat utility, sustainability, and potential scale of deployments.
This reconfiguration will provide sufficient depth to sustain a maximum land force for deployment of 800 personnel for up to three years in a mid-intensity environment. One infantry company will be trained with a wider range of higher-end skills, allowing it not only to operate as a regular infantry company but also to undertake some more demanding tasks and, if needed, support Special Operations Forces operations. Supporting firepower to deployed land forces will be maintained, with the existing light Guns and Mortar capabilities.
A land combat weapons programme is currently underway through a series of replacement and upgrade projects, which will ensure NZDF ground forces are suitably equipped with appropriate and sustainable modern small arms, and direct and indirect fire weapon systems. To complement the land combat weapon system programme, a soldier modernisation programme is also under development to ensure that NZDF personnel have appropriate and sustainable soldier systems (including support, lethality, protection, situational awareness, and mobility) in order to achieve mission success across the spectrum of conflict.
Examples of equipment covered under this programme include a rolling upgrade and replacement of key individual protective equipment such as helmets and body armour. This programme will see the replacement of current equipment and the purchase of new improved equipment sufficient to meet operational and training requirements. The NZDF undertakes a continual refresh programme of Night Vision equipment to ensure an appropriate sustainable and modern capability is maintained. A LAV upgrade project will address the requirement for NZLAV variants and provide upgrades to the survivability, mission systems, running systems and training support systems. Deployable ground forces can be successful only when supported by capable and responsive strategic projection and logistics capabilities. Logistic support to land forces will be restructured to increase the efficiency of support elements, improve the 'teeth to tail' ratio, and reduce costs. HMNZS Canterbury provides a core tactical sealift and amphibious capability for over the shore operations, as well as providing a strategic sealift capability by way of port-to-port operations. Some remedial work is being carried out on HMNZS Canterbury to rectify deficiencies in its operational capability. The C-130 Hercules provides a key airlift capability for the deployment of personnel and equipment for the NZDF both within our immediate region and further afield.
The life extension programme will allow the NZDF to maintain an independent airlift capability.
The NZDF pilot training system is a key enabler of airborne capability, training both fixed wing and rotary wing pilots.
Particular emphasis will be placed on acquiring a replacement aircraft for the provision of advanced pilot training, and exploring opportunities for increased use of simulators.
Such a vessel would be capable of refuelling and sustaining the Joint Amphibious Task Force or similar entity both at-sea and from-the-sea. Currently diving support, hydrographic surveying and other littoral warfare support activities are carried out by the ships HMNZS Resolution and HMNZS Manawanui . The capability also allows for the safe transit of maritime vessels by ensuring channels and harbours are clear of obstacles and hazards, either man-made or as the result of a natural disaster. A Land Transport Capability Programme will see the acquisition of a combination of commercial and military vehicles that will enable the NZDF to meet its operational outputs, garrison support, and training needs. Platforms to be acquired under this programme, and their associated systems, will deliver a cost-effective integrated capability to the NZDF through the delivery of vehicles, equipment, training and support that will replace the current vehicle fleets. The Defence White Paper 2010 states that strategic airlift will remain a core supporting capability of the NZDF and will be maintained.
In considering the appropriate airlift fleet mix, this study will consider the most cost-effective use of the jet airlift currently provided by the two B757s. The Defence White Paper 2010 contains a provision for acquiring three additional off-the-shelf A109 Training Helicopters.
The capabilities listed above all form a core support role for both deployable ground forces and combat forces. A trained, equipped, and deployable headquarters organisation will be created, to be activated and staffed when required for operations. A programme to implement a new information technology enabled Defence Command and Control System (DC2s) is currently in the acquisition phase. The project is shortly to commence its second phase with the deployment of the system across the higher security networks used for military operations. A related programme, known as the Network Enabled Army, is currently in the initiation stage.
The Network Enabled Army will have mission command systems that are capable of collecting, synthesising and disseminating data, information and intelligence in a timely manner to allow ground forces to manoeuvre and report simultaneously. A Strategic Bearer Network project (SBNP) has been initiated to provide a modern cost-effective solution to the NZDF's strategic (i.e. The SBNP will provide a robust, secure, and adaptive network infrastructure that shares information reliably across the globe, providing interoperability with key defence partners, ensuring better decision-making, enabling the faster deployment of operationally agile forces.

The SBNP will be an important enabling capability, supporting a number of key NZDF functions across capability sets. There are strong linkages between the command and control and the network-enabled intelligence, surveillance and reconnaisance capability sets. An enhanced focus on developing network-enabled intelligence, surveillance and reconnaisance capabilities will also benefit from increased information processing and analytical support to make the best use of the information flows that the new capabilities will provide.
The Navy's Inshore and Offshore Patrol Vessels will continue to provide a significant maritime patrol capability. The P-3 Orion airborne surveillance and reconnaissance aircraft will work with other intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance assets to provide wide-area surveillance and operate in direct support of deployed land combat forces. The P-3 Orion Mission Systems Upgrade project currently underway is upgrading the aircrafts' mission management, communications, and navigation systems. A satellite imagery capability will be introduced to provide sustained and longer-range surveillance, and to ensure maritime patrol assets are more effectively targeted on areas of interest. The Defence White Paper 2010 noted that a number of low-end regional surveillance tasks, for both defence and other agencies, could be performed more cost-effectively by using a short-range maritime patrol aircraft instead of the P-3K Orion aircraft.
The use of a short-range maritime patrol aircraft for multi-engine pilot training and light transport tasking would support those capabilities which form part of the strategic projection and logistic capability set. Infrastructure is one of the central pillars and core enablers that supports all NZDF capabilities.
The NZDF will explore estate rationalisation in order to identify opportunities to make better use of its existing land, infrastructure, and facilities. The NZDF will be operating from fewer camps and bases while the major training and exercise areas will be retained.
The Defence White Paper 2010 noted that information and communications technology (ICT) is a key enabler for the NZDF, underpinning its effectiveness by linking communications, human resources, logistics, and finance. In order to support the modernisation of the NZDF and to help improve its effectiveness and efficiency, greater investment in ICT will be an important part of capability development to 2020 and beyond. A number of 'spend to save' initiatives will be pursued as part of this infrastructure investment. The free online resource, developed by WSPA in conjunction with MCDEM, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Royal New Zealand SPCA (RNZSPCA), New Zealand Vet Association and other agencies in the National Animal Welfare Emergency Management Advisory Group (NAWEM)*, gives pet owners all the vital information they need to plan for their animals in a disaster. Ms Vercoe explains that under New Zealand law it is the owner or person in charge who is responsible for the physical, health and behavioural needs of their pets. It is not the intention of this document to detail the specific individual projects within a programme.
The 800 person Combined Arms Task Group, and supporting air, naval, and command and control personnel, will form the key combat capability of deployable ground forces.
An ANZAC Frigate Systems Upgrade project will see the ANZAC frigates given a systems upgrade to address sensor and weapon obsolescence and to improve their capability against contemporary air and surface threats. The Defence White Paper 2010 confirmed that naval helicopters will continue to provide extended reach, surveillance, and air-delivered weapon capabilities (air-to-surface missile and anti-submarine torpedo) for the frigates. The projects will serve to enhance mobility, provide appropriate force protection against contemporary threats, and ensure that the NZDF's domestic explosive ordnance disposal capability remains effective.
The land combat support projects will ensure that NZDF land forces are seen as an effective partner as well as being capable of independent action. This project, which has been approved, will provide a high quality, modern, accessible, multi-functional training facility to increase the efficiency, effectiveness, and maintenance of special operations skill sets. The building will allow for differing configurations, better representing a range of operational environments in which Special Operations Forces may have to operate.
They also rely on effective command and control arrangements, and intelligence, surveillance and reconnaisance support.
To facilitate sustainable force rotation options, a third manoeuvre unit will be established. Special Operations forces will continue to be resourced by regular replacement and enhancement of specialist equipment, including training facilities. The programme will see the replacement of current equipment and the purchase of new improved equipment sufficient to meet operational and training requirements.
They include Light Support Weapons, Personal Protective Weapons, Sniper Rifles, Grenade Launchers, Sustained Fire Machine Guns and Short Range Anti Armour Weapons.
The Defence White Paper 2010 confirmed that a reduced fleet of the current NZLAVs will be retained, and some reconfigured to provide variants such as battlefield ambulances and command and control vehicles.
As a result, the NZLAVs will be able to effectively conduct a range of tasks, including in conflict environments when higher threat levels are prevalent.
The first will be conducted over the period 2016-2019 and the second over the period 2026-2029. They also rely on effective command and control arrangements and intelligence, surveillance and reconnaisance support. A Forward Surgical Team (surgeon, anaesthetist, emergency doctor, and nurses) will be resourced from within the NZDF, including the Reserves.
As such, the ship will be a key enabler of the NZDF of 2020, providing support to the NZDF's Joint Amphibious Task Force. The upgrade of all aircraft is scheduled to be completed in late 2013, with the upgraded aircraft expected to be in service until about 2020. The Defence White Paper 2010 noted that the future NZDF pilot training capability needs to match the full range of operational demands made on aircrew.
The new A109 helicopters will form part of the new pilot training capability by providing rotary wing training. It would also offer options in terms of projection and sustainment of ground forces, and for humanitarian assistance and disaster relief missions, primarily within the Pacific. In order to project forces from the sea, the LWSC will be a key enabler to proceed ahead of the task force so that lodgement forces will get to the required destination safely and efficiently.
The programme will provide a capability that enables agile responses to rapidly changing threat environments. A Future Air Mobility project will be established to review NZDF airlift requirements and make recommendations for the appropriate replacement of the C-130 Hercules and B757 fleets.The replacement of the fixed Wing transport forces is intended to occur between 2018 and 2025. Assets recommended by the project will be expected to carry out all of the present fixed wing transport roles including strategic and tactical transport of people and cargo, airland and airdrop, low level and high level missions, aeromedical evacuation, and backup search and rescue capabilities.
These will undertake pilot training roles, freeing up the original helicopters to be operationally deployed in light utility roles in support of the NZDF and other government agencies, and to undertake search and rescue tasks.

Some of the assets within this capability set have multiple roles, for example HMNZS Canterbury also provides training and contributes to the intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance capability set. This will improve the NZDF's ability to lead operations, as well as its capacity to contribute to a combined headquarters. This system will collect, collate, process, display, store, disseminate, and protect command and control information in near real-time.
This programme will support the command and control of deployed ground forces and provide an enhanced ability to support the intelligence, surveillance and reconnaisance needs of the NZDF in the land environment. This programme will be delivered, and then refreshed, through a spiral acquisition process over the period 2013-2033.
Key capabilities that will benefit from the SBNP include the Network Enabled Army programme, Defence Command and Control System, the P-3 Orions and the ANZAC frigates. The upgraded P-3 Orion aircraft will benefit considerably from the DC2S capability, and the Network Enabled Army programme will enhance ground force intelligence, surveillance and reconnaisance capabilities to allow valuable contributions to independent and combined ground operations. An increase in the capacity of the NZDF and the National Maritime Coordination Centre to process and analyse collected information will be considered as part of the development of this capability set. They will contribute to the provision of 24-hour-capable surveillance over New Zealand's Exclusive Economic Zone. Opportunities for acquiring a suitable aircraft that would both increase surveillance capacity in the Exclusive Economic Zone and the South Pacific, as well as perform a transport and multi-engine flying training and consolidation function, will be investigated. The Defence White Paper 2010 identified infrastructure as being expensive and suffering from underinvestment. NZDF personnel will be based at locations that support NZDF requirements while supporting family stability, employment, and education opportunities.
An indicative business case is being developed to ascertain the most appropriate form for this consolidation. It also observed that the necessary levels of investment in ICT have not in the past been made. This will transform human resource management, administration, and payroll by consolidating separate functions into a single industry standard system which is integrated with existing finance and logistics systems. These will be designed to achieve efficiencies and produce further savings that can be invested in the development of the capability priorities within this Plan. Hurricane Katrina, which occurred in the United States in 2005, is a real live case of rescue efforts being severely disrupted due to flood victims having no plan for their family pets,"?? says Bridget Vercoe, Country Manager at WSPA New Zealand. The simple advice contains practical pointers, such as having a water proof cage for your animal, a muzzle for your dog and ensuring your animal is microchipped. In the Canterbury Earthquake 80% of microchipped animals taken to the Christchurch SPCA were reunited with their owners compared to the 20% un-microchipped. A Naval Helicopter Capability Project will look at options for upgrading or replacing the existing SH-2G (NZ) Seasprite helicopters.
This includes improvised explosive device detection, and bridging and expedient surfacing system equipment. Versatility can extend beyond Special Operations Forces to incorporate other NZDF units, and specialist operators from other government agencies, such as the NZ Police. The upgraded or replacement weapons will enhance the means by which deployable ground forces can survive, protect, and achieve mission success in future conflict environments. This will enable the NZDF to provide a surgical capability, and to prepare patients for evacuation to out-of-theatre medical facilities for further care. The Defence White Paper 2010 confirmed that over time the operational effectiveness of this ship will be maintained, and that it will be replaced with a similar capability at the end of its life. The structure of the remediation programme means that capability will be progressively released as it is completed during routine maintenance and modification periods. A C-130 Hercules Life Extension Programme to upgrade the C-130s' existing mechanical, avionic, and self protection systems, as well as undertake some structural refurbishment of the aircraft, is near completion. They will provide a combined rotary wing pilot training and light utility transport capability to support a range of government and civil agencies in New Zealand and overseas. Among the options to be considered in this project will be a more versatile vessel, which incorporates supplementary sealift capacity to enhance the utility of the capability. It will be a central element of the 2020 force that will have utility in both warfare and disaster relief. In order to inform decisions on these replacements the study will be concluded before the next defence Review in 2015. The three additional A109s are scheduled to be introduced into service in the period 2017-2019.
The system will enable force elements from all three Services to work together efficiently and effectively by enhancing their situational awareness and decision-making processes. These needs include communications between the area of operations and New Zealand, and communications with partners in both the immediate- and long-term. Communications and intelligence, surveillance and reconnaisance sensor networks will support the DC2S system, and together these capabilities will be key enablers for the deployed ground forces.
The P-3 Orions will be replaced with an equivalent level of capability, manned or unmanned, in about 2025.
A replacement NZDF data centre and improved offshore communications capabilities are also priorities.
It will be integrated with HMNZS Canterbury, providing a core component of the Joint Amphibious Task Force and contributing to a range of support functions and operations within New Zealand and the South Pacific. An additional dedicated remediation maintenance period is programmed for the last quarter of 2012 and first quarter of 2013. The A109s will also provide vital support to counter-terrorism activities and Special Operations Forces, and be integrated with HMNZS Canterbury. The SBNP will provide a global communications capability that meets NZDF's current needs while providing a framework that can grow to meet future needs. In preparation for the arrival of the aircraft, training of aircrew and maintainers within the Royal New Zealand Air Force has already commenced.

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