This week marks the 25th anniversary of the Loma Prieta Earthquake in the San Francisco Bay Area. California faces unique challenges when it comes to earthquakes, with several fault lines running under the land beneath our feet. The Southern California Earthquake Data Center keeps track of all seismic activity in California and Nevada and posts a daily map.
Although the death and injury toll was much lower, with one dead and 200 injured, the quake’s destruction threw the Napa community into chaos. Governor Jerry Brown declared a state of emergency due to the damage and possibility of aftershocks. This entry was posted in Injury Prevention, Safety, Technology and tagged bay area, california, disaster, earthquakes, environment, first aid, preparedness, safety on October 15, 2014 by Chris Martinez. The ordinance would require up to 15,000 buildings in the city deemed "seismically hazardous" to undergo extensive improvements to secure them in earthquake situations. Mandatory upgrades to the wooden buildings could cost owners up to $130,000; strengthening taller concrete buildings could take millions of dollars. City government has been slow to respond to recommendations by structural engineers that Los Angeles' housing stock needs to be reinforced against earthquakes, but Mayor Eric Garcetti and the city council, in the past year, have pressed the issue. Under the ordinance, owners of wood-frame housing would have seven years to complete the required retrofits after an order from the city's Department of Building and Safety.
WASHINGTON, April 12 (UPI) -- Windstorms and hail caused significant damage to homes and vehicles in Texas, while dangerous driving conditions killed at least one person in Arkansas.
MADISON, Wis., April 12 (UPI) -- Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump mused on possible running mates and one, Wisconsin Gov.
WASHINGTON, April 12 (UPI) -- More than 400 protesters were arrested during a sit-in on the U.S.
SAN ANTONIO, April 11 (UPI) -- San Antonio school officials said they fired a police officer who was caught on video appearing to body slam a teenage girl at a middle school.
FORT LAUDERDALE, Fla., April 11 (UPI) -- Lawyers who filed suits against high-powered attorney Alan Dershowitz over a woman's claim he assaulted her now say the legal actions were a mistake. With a history of reliable reporting dating back to 1907, today's UPI is a credible source for the most important stories of the day, continually updatedA A - a one-stop site for U.S. LOS ANGELES (Reuters) - Los Angeles on Friday approved safety standards that will require earthquake retrofits at thousands of apartment buildings and establish the nation's toughest rules for structurally weak concrete buildings. The rules will apply to 13,500 wood-frame buildings with so-called soft first-stories, which often consist of thin pillars supporting upper floors in an area where tenants park, and 1,500 so-called brittle concrete buildings, which lack the ability to waver or bend in a temblor, the mayor's office said.
Many soft first-story buildings are rent-stabilized, which prompted concerns that any damage to the residences would wipe out Los Angeles' already limited affordable-housing stock. San Francisco and a few other California cities have instituted rules for soft first-story buildings.
But the Los Angeles ordinance, which passed the City Council by a unanimous vote on Friday and was quickly signed by Mayor Eric Garcetti, marks the first time a U.S.
Owners of the brittle concrete properties, which also are called non-ductile concrete buildings, will have 25 years to complete strengthening upgrades while owners of soft first-story wood-frame properties will have seven years to finish the work, officials said. The vulnerability of soft first-story buildings, many of which were built in the 1960s as apartments with tuck-under parking, became clear in the 1994 Northridge earthquake when one collapsed in Los Angeles and killed 16 people. California cities are seen as facing a high risk of extensive damage from weak buildings in an earthquake, and officials have warned that based on historical patterns the state could be due for a major temblor.
Los Angeles officials have not made any firm commitment to help fund the sweeping retrofits at commercial and apartment buildings, and plans to pay for the work are still being formulated.
Earthquakes can be devastating disasters, but everyone who takes appropriate earthquake safety precautions can minimize damages, injuries, and other potential quake concerns. There is no effective warning system for earthquakes, which makes preliminary precautions even more critical. Use non-skid shelf liners for kitchen and bathroom cupboards, medicine cabinets, and closet shelves.

Store heavy items or glassware in lower cabinets so they do not become dangerous projectiles. Update home insurance policies to adequately cover building costs, possession replacement, and injury deductibles. Secure large appliances such as refrigerators, water heaters, air conditioners, and other bulky items with straps, bolts, and other stabilizing methods. Firmly secure bookcases, artwork, mounted televisions and other objects to withstand as much shaking as possible. Prepare an earthquake emergency kit with non-perishable food, bottled water, copies of important documents (birth certificates, prescriptions, insurance papers, etc.), flashlights, first aid materials, blankets, spare glasses, and other essential items and store it where it will be easily accessible in case of a quake. Keep cell phones charged and replace emergency kit supplies as necessary to keep them usable. Teach all family members basic first aid, how to behave during a quake, and what to do after a quake. Immediately seek a safe location such as in a doorway (if you live in an old, adobe house that is not reinforced), beneath a table or desk, or along an interior wall away from windows or hazardous objects.
If outdoors, stay in open areas away from buildings, power lines, trees, and other potential hazards. Check for structural damage, but do not enter a building that shows damage or has visible cracks in the walls or foundation. Turn off gas, electricity, and water if damage is suspected or if advised to do so by authorities. Be patient: It may take hours or days to restore all services depending on the severity of the quake.
These hazards will vary based on where the earthquake hits and how strong it is, but thorough safety precautions will address these additional disasters if necessary. That earthquake was one of the largest and most destructive earthquakes in American history, at magnitude 6.9 and an estimated $6 billion in damages.
Prior to the Loma Prieta quake, several moderate foreshocks (smaller, less severe earthquakes that occur before a main earthquake event) occurred in June 1988 and August 1989. At least 15,000 customers in and around Sonoma, Napa and Santa Rosa lost power, according to Pacific Gas and Electric Company. You’ll need a disaster kit and a safety plan for you and your family, plus knowledge of first aid and CPR goes a long way. If you are in an area that may experience tsunamis, when the shaking stops, walk inland or to higher ground immediately.
Text SHELTER + your ZIP code to 43362 (4FEMA) to find the nearest shelter in your area (example: shelter 95051). Stay away unless your assistance has been specifically requested by police, fire, or relief organizations. 9 (UPI) -- Los Angeles' city council is expected to pass the country's most stringent earthquake retrofit safety rules Friday. Concrete buildings and wooden apartment complexes with weak lower stories are primary targets of the rules; over 65 people died in such structures in the city's last two earthquakes. They noted failure to prepare for an earthquake could result in a high death toll, as well making large sections of the city unlivable. We can't be that city that takes years, even decades, to get back to where we are today," Garcetti said last year.
Rick Snyder again took the blame for the water crisis in the city of Flint but said he was misled by staff members.
Terry McAuliffe scrapped a proposal to let his state use the electric chair when it cannot find lethal-injection drugs. It can help to have valuable tips on ways to keep your family safe before, during and after a quake. At the same time, knowing how to behave when a quake strikes and what to do after the event is just as important to staying safe.

Do not stop near power lines, bridges, overpasses, or other potentially dangerous locations.
By taking proper safety precautions, you can help limit that terror through careful planning and organization.
Ensure that water heaters and other gas appliances are firmly fixed and shut off when not in use, as broken gas pipes or appliances are likely to cause fire hazards.3.
President Barack Obama declared the quake a major federal disaster on September 11 and rebuilding efforts are still underway for the areas impacted by the quake. Remember our post on disaster preparedness? Other safety measures apply to earthquake readiness and response. It’s a worldwide response to educate and inform people on earthquake drills and safety to avoid injury.
A current law allows landlords to raise rents up to $75 per month to pay for a required modification, a figure expected to remain in place.
UPI also provides insightful reports on key topics of geopolitical importance, including energy and security. It became known as UPI after a merger with the International News Service in 1958, which was founded in 1909 by William Randolph Hearst. Geological Survey seismologist Lucy Jones, who last year was hired by Los Angeles as an adviser on earthquake safety. Hold occasional earthquake drills so your family knows exactly what they should do in the event a quake strikes.
Securely fasten fixtures, refrigerators and shelves to the wall and place large and heavy objects on the lower shelf.
Their website has a ton of information on drills and other earthquake safety issues, include, how to help people with disabilities during a disaster.
Find out the location of the nearest first-aid post, Warden Post and Fire Station and approach for help if required.5.
Conduct occasional home earthquake drills so that your family has the knowledge to avoid unnecessary injuries and panic in the event of an earthquake.7. The more responsible members of the family may be taught how to turn off electricity, gas and water at the main switches or valves.8. Avoid the risk of an epidemic which usually follows earthquakes by using safe water and clean food.10. The motion is frightening, but unless it shakes something down on top of you it is harmless.
If it catches you indoors, take cover under a desk, table, bench or in doorways, halls, and against inside walls or staircase. The greatest danger from falling debris is just outside doorways and close to outer walls.7.
Keep calm, switch on the transistor radio and obey any instructions you hear on the radio.2. Immediately clean up any inflammable products that may have spilled (alcohol, paint, etc.)10. Avoid places where there are loose electric wires and do not touch any metal object in contact with them.12.
Do not drink water from open containers without having examined it and filtered it through a sieve, a filter or an ordinary clean cloth.13. Collect water containers, food, and ordinary and special medicines (for persons with heart complaints, diabetes, etc.)15.

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