There are a few situations that can occur at your facility that are more critical and emergent than others. Actually it was more our company than the bank, we owned it all and they had very high maintenance standards and expectations – everything done in house, no contractors.
One way we ensured that we could handle a potential loss of electrical power was by having a procedure. While the procedure is the most important thing here, first let’s talk about some indications, things you may see ahead of time basically telling you in a second, a few seconds, or later, you are going to lose electrical power.
Being Frank here, (capitalized on purpose, Frank is a straightshooter,) you might have like 3 milliseconds of indications before you have completely lost electrical power. Televisions may also flicker or the picture sags, shrinks, or like droops for a second over and over. You may hear small UPS’s (uninterruptible power supplies) alarming, telling you that they have switched over to their internal battery.
If they are closed, then your generator set got the signal from somewhere that they were needed up and running to supply electrical power somewhere.
Usually ATS’s are in the normal position, meaning they are using utility or city power to drive all loads. If one or a couple have switched, this usually indicates that somewhere down those lines ONLY, is there an electrical issue. Sure makes it handy for reference later and if you ever have to provide a timeline in a meeting or email. If nothing seems wrong, you may want to start checking each individual load off of the circuits. If you had a stuck ATS and you manually switched it to its normal position, you have probably just restored power. Once everything has been copacetic for a while, then you can start going through the less significant systems. If you are looking to read even more, here is the emergency response procedure for the laboratory personnel at Bucknell University. POST a QUESTION or READ FAQs about neutral wire troubleshooting: what can happen when the neutral connections are lost or weak at a building? This document describes a case history of loss of the neutral connection in an electrical panel combined with failure to isolate the neutral and ground buses leading to an electrical shock. Building owner gets a nasty electrical shock: In an electrical failure case which we investigated, a building owner asked us to determine why he had received a severe electrical shock when he touched his metal work bench located in a detached garage. Remote sub panel: The detached garage received its electricity through a sub panel mounted in the garage and connected back to the main electrical panel in the home.
Local grounding: A ground wire ran from the panel ground bus to a local grounding electrode at the garage.
Evidence of overheating ground wires: The panel's copper ground wire was blackened - it was obviously dark from overheating (none of the other copper wires in the panel were discolored). Other circuit ground wires that had been twisted together in the sub panel were also black from overheating. There was no ground wire connection back to the main electrical panel, just incoming hot wires and incoming neutral wire. Our photo at left has a black arrow pointing to the incoming neutral wire in the sub panel. The owner had, for safety, grounded his compressor motor and his metal work bench back to the electrical panel's grounding bus. Question: What did all of these sub panel neutral and ground wire problems & electrical wiring errors mean?
When the air compressor motor was running it was producing a significant current on the compressor's neutral circuit. The garage neutral circuit had no connection back to the main building (where it would have been connected to earth in the main panel, but because the owner had (improperly) bonded together the ground and neutral bus in his garage sub panel, the garage neutral circuit was indeed finding a path to earth through a small diameter (and thus overheated and dark) copper ground wire and a local grounding electrode. Bud, a master electrician from Minnesota points out that in the 2005 NEC there are 2 ways to connect a subpanel in a detached garage. The description of the garage event above is a case of example #2 above - there needs to be a MBJ [jumper wire] to connect the neutral and a€?grounda€?. Normally the neutral-to-ground bond is made in the main electrical panel and not in sub panels, lest grounding conductors end up carrying current during normal operations - a shock hazard.
In the sub panel, the neutral bus and ground bus were connected, so any neutral circuit current that should have traveled back on the main neutral to the main panel was forced to travel on the local ground wiring and grounding conductors. A combination of missing main neutral in sub panel back to main panel, connecting neutral and ground buses in the sub panel, local ground at the sub panel, connection of metal work bench to panel ground bus, and modified 3-phase compressor in operation produced an electrically live workbench (owner was shocked), and conspired to visibly overheat grounding conductors, hot wires to the panel, panel bus behind the breakers, and grounding wire to the local electrode.
Why Do Electrical Power Surges or Lightning Strike Current Go to Ground While Short Circuits Follow a Path to the Utility Ground? Question: We were a little unclear as to why surges find their way to the local earth connection (higher resistance path) while in an emergency such as a short circuit hot to neutral or hot to ground wire, the current does not. If you want to trip a circuit breaker the fault is hot to a€?grounda€? you must complete a path back from a€?grounda€? to the transformer neutral. If there is a utility short that causes a fuse to open, there is high current through the inductance of the power wires that stores energy in a magnetic field. If a high voltage distribution wire falls on the wires to a house, the path needs to be back to the high voltage transformer.
Question: Isn't it the case that current always prefers the path of least resistance and that the current can actually be calculated to flow on two (for example) different paths as a direct function of the relative resistance of each path? And in the case of the ground fault tripping a breaker there will be some current through the earth, just like there is some normal neutral current through the earth. A binding steel screw in an aluminum wiring lug in the sub panel's incoming neutral wire connector - tightening the screw made the installer think he was securing the neutral wire when he was not. Because the garage electrical system was carrying current that should have been flowing only on the insulated neutral wires in the building, when the owner touched his grounded metal work bench and was also touching a damp floor, current flowed through the ground wire, through the metal work bench, through the owner, to earth. Our case study of a DOUBLE FAULT involving loss of both the utility company ground and the local building ground shows how power can simply be lost in a building due to grounding system defects.
Continue reading at FALSE NEUTRAL CONNECTIONS or select a topic from the More Reading links or topic ARTICLE INDEX shown below. The electric utility servicing my sister's home in West Boylston, MA lost the neutral on the transformer connection so she only had single phase 240 volt service. A residential electrical system should have a local ground that offers SOME protection should the neutral line from the utility company become lost. More, from what you describe there appears to have been more than one problem - such as losing half of the electrical panel. In an any case the safe procedure would have been to turn off ALL electrical power pending repairs from the electrical company and a local licensed electrician. The ONLY setup that occurs to me that could be SAFE in the condition you describe is one in which an isolation switch is installed such as the system used when a backup home generator is installed and in use. Hi, I really like all the info for guys and gals coming up in the trade, I was gonna do it but my patience just wasn't in it. Thanks Jim you are of course entirely correct, that is, speaking codewise or electrically properly we'd call the neutral wire the grounded conductor. If you see specific places in the text where we ought to add language to make this point more clear I'd appreciate having those editorial suggestions. Arlene Puentes, an ASHI member and a licensed home inspector in Kingston, NY, and has served on ASHI national committees as well as HVASHI Chapter President. Our recommended books about building & mechanical systems design, inspection, problem diagnosis, and repair, and about indoor environment and IAQ testing, diagnosis, and cleanup are at the InspectAPedia Bookstore. The Illustrated Home illustrates construction details and building components, a reference for owners & inspectors.
Substations are the points in the power network where transmission lines and distribution feeders are connected together through circuit breakers or switches via busbars and transformers.
The first step in designing a power substation is to design an earthing and bonding system. The function of an earthing and bonding system is to provide an earthing system connection to which transformer neutrals or earthing impedances may be connected in order to pass the maximum fault current. The earthing system also guarantees equipotential bonding such that there are no dangerous potential gradients developed in the substation.
Touch Voltage: This is the difference in potential between the surf ace potential and the potential at an Earthed equipment whilst a man is standing and touching the earthed structure.
Step Voltage: This is the potential difference developed when a man bridges a distance of 1m with his Feet while not touching any other earthed equipment. Mesh Voltage: This is the maximum touch voltage that is developed inthe mesh of the earthing grid. Calculations for earth impedances and touch and step potentials are based on site measurements of ground resistivity and system fault levels. Additionally, it is necessary to ensure a sufficient margin such that expansion of the system is catered for. In addition to the buried potential earth grid, a separate above ground earthing ring is usually provided, to which all metallic substation plant is bonded.
Connections to the grid and other earthing joints should not be soldered because the heat generated during fault conditions could cause a soldered joint to fail. The earthing grid must be supplemented by earthing rods to assist in the dissipation of earth fault currents and further reduce the overall substation earthing resistance. Earthing: The switchyard fence earthing practices are possibleand are used by different utilities. Place the fence beyond the perimeter of the switchyard earthing grid and bond the fence to its own earthing rod system. In an ideal substation all circuits and equipment would be duplicated such that following a fault, or during maintenance, a connection remains available. Methods have been adopted to achieve a compromise between complete security of supply and capital investment.
Category 1 – No outage is necessary within the substation for either maintenance or fault conditions. Category 2 – Short outage is necessary to transfer the load to an alternative circuit for maintenance or fault conditions. Category 3 – Loss of a circuit or section of the substation due to fault or maintenance. Each circuit is protected by its own circuit breaker and hence plant outage does not necessarily result in loss of supply.
A fault on the feeder or transformer circuit breaker causes loss of the transformer and feeder circuit, one of which may be restored after isolating the faulty circuit breaker.
Maintenance of one busbar section or isolator will cause the temporary outage of two circuits. Introduction of bypass isolators between busbar and circuit isolator allows circuit breaker maintenance facilities without loss of that circuit.
There is the additional cost of the circuit breakers together with the complex arrangement.
Substation layout consists essentially in arranging a number of switchgear components in an ordered pattern governed by their function and rules of spatial separation. Earth Clearance – this is the clearance between live parts and earthed structures, walls, screens and ground. Isolating Distance – this is the clearance between the terminals of an isolator and the connections There to.
Section Clearance – this is the clearance between live parts and the terminals of a work section. Some maintenance zones are easily defined and the need for them is self evident as is the case of a circuit breaker. Together with maintenance zoning, the separation, by isolating distance and phase clearances, of the substation components and of the conductors interconnecting them constitute the main basis of substation layouts.
The substation components will only be considered to the extent where they influence substation layout. The form of circuit breaker influences the way in which the circuit breaker is accommodated.
The main advantages of this type of mounting are its simplicity, ease of erection, ease of maintenance and elimination of support structures. These have the advantage of being space saving due to the fact that isolators can be accommodated in the same area of clearance that has to be allowed between the retractable circuit breaker and the live fixed contacts. In all except the second of the list, the CT’s occupy incidental space and do not affect the size of the layout. These are essentially off load devices although they are capable of dealing with small charging currents of busbars and connections.
Weight of other conductors and equipment, short circuit forces and atmospheric forces such as wind and ice loading.
Extensive research is done on improving flashover characteristics as well as combating pollution. Well, I would like to know something about connection and positiong of CT and Line breakers. Is it possible to move the share button (twitter, facebook, g+, etc) on the right side of the screen? One of the most important issues that were not included in the article are protection, coordination and CB spec due to short circuits.
I am a consultant and trainer for substation protection and know how important, misconceptioned and in demand are these issues. The furniture and seating arrangements of the room can be organized in a variety of different ways. Check out the handy Room Setup Guide from AmpliVox and know exactly which amplifier and setup is right for your next presentation! Although hubs and switches look very similar and are connected to the network in much the same way, there is a significant difference in the way they function.
An Ethernet switch, on the other hand, provides a central connection in an Ethernet network in which each connected device has its own dedicated link with full bandwidth. The two important electrical specifications for a pair of headphones are the impedance of the phone transducer itself and its on-the-ear sensitivity.
Headphone sensitivity is usually stated as the in-the-ear sound pressure level produced by one milliwatt (mW) of audio input. Doing a little bit of math will show that a signal of .775 Vrms will produce one mW in a 600 ohm load. Low impedance headphones will sound louder with devices with low output voltages such as portable MD recorders etc., you cannot use more than one pair of headphones at the same output simultaneously.
New school states Woofers out and Tweeters and mid-frequencies in (yes, the opposite of old school).
Frequency-Hopping Spread Spectrum wireless communication provides error-free transmission, top security, and high levels of throughput without the need for an FCC site license.
Narrow-band frequency hoppers use a predefined algorithm to maintain synchronization and high throughput between master and remote modems. The sequence of frequencies is very difficult to predict and thus nearly impossible to eavesdrop on or jam. This saying is not technically exactly correct but for every day use use of dynamic microphones you will not find gain limitations.
Sennheiser uses dynamic microphones for distortion measurements on loudspeakers at very high sound pressure levels. So as a conclusion we can state the MD 421 has no maximum SPL limitations for practical use. According to our friends at Genelec, the role of a monitoring system is to reproduce sound without adding or taking anything away from the original input signal. Secondly, onto the often quoted "final mix translation" issue, one can observe that domestic and car audio systems are generally improving over time and having better, i.e.
Extended display identification data (EDID) is a data structure provided by a digital display to describe its capabilities to a video source (e.g.
Before DDC and EDID were defined, there was no standard way for a graphics card to know what kind of display device it was connected to.
The EDID is often stored in the monitor in a memory device called a serial PROM (programmable read-only memory) or EEPROM (electrically erasable PROM). Many software packages can read and display the EDID information, such as read-edid for Linux and DOS, PowerStrip for Microsoft Windows and XFree86 for Linux and BSD unix.
Now that we know how many pixels are in a 4K image the next thing we need to know is, how much bandwidth does it take to distribute that information? Depending on the number of pixels, color depth and refresh rate, the 4K bitrate can range between 3.5 and 20 gigabits per second (Gbs).
Sending a full 4K signal, that is 4096 x 2160 with a refresh rate of 24 Hz will require nearly 10.2 Gbs. Many professional wireless microphones use the same frequencies as broadcast television stations. The most effective solution for broadcast television interference is to avoid using frequencies of local active TV channels. A mic-level or microphone-level signal is the amount of voltage that comes out of a microphone when someone speaks into it - just a few ten-thousandths of a volt. To attenuate a line level signal down to microphone level, the A15LA attenuator can be used.
Where safety is a concern, choosing a multimeter is like choosing a motorcycle helmet, if you have a a€?ten dollara€? head, choose a a€?ten dollara€? helmet. The good folks at Fluke have put together a truly informative and important guide on the subject. 4K has made some hefty promises to provide better detail, texture, clarity and resolution by quadrupling the number of pixels being delivered.
As it becomes more widespread, 4K will be beneficial across digital cinema, TV, gaming, the internet, and commercial applications (video projection, digital signage, etc.). Translating to a resolution of approximately eight million active pixels (4096 pixels wide by 2160 vertical high), 4K is delivered in an uncompressed format. Due to bandwidth requirements, the industry hasna€™t agreed on which cabling options are best suited to deliver 4K signals over longer distances.
The answer is through the use of phantom powera€”power sent over the same wire pairs used for data.
Electricity has a low frequency of 60 Hz or less, and data transmissions have frequencies that can range from 10 million to 100 million Hz. For the best speaker damping and least amount of power loss you will want to use the heaviest gauge that is practical. In the non-professional HiFi world ita€™s common to use the 3 pole connector for stereo signals (headphones) and the 2 pole connector for mono signals. In the professional broadcast and audio industry the 2 pole connector is used in combination with unbalanced cables for short and interference insensitive transmittals (guitar cable). For more sensitive applications like digital transmissions or longer lines it is the custom to use 3 pole connectors together with balanced cables (to avoid EMI - electromagnetic interference), but ita€™s still a mono signal (balanced mono signal). HDMI over IP creates endless possibilities in corporate or residential environments by enabling HDMI source(s) to be connected to your screen(s) via an existing or new local area network, saving both time and money on the installation of a new cable infrastructure. Whether using HDMI over IP set-ups a single source to screen, single source to multiple screens, or in a matrix format (multiple sources to multiple screens), the use of an HDMI over IP System will make your installation simple and user friendly. Control and set-up of the MuxLab system is taken care of using the MuxLab HDMI over IP dip switch configurations or the Management Software thus giving any user on the same network complete control over source to screen configuration a€“ whether on-site or not! Be it a digital signage project, corporate system, control room environment, bar or restaurant displays, or general audio-visual distribution systems, consider a HDMI over IP System as a solution as it provides flexibility and is economical, with the ability to add and extend your system over time.
Wireless microphone and monitoring systems have become standard equipment for musicians, broadcasters, theatre productions, television shows, and sound contractors alike.
The transmitter accepts a (mic or line) input signal, converts it into an RF (radio frequency) signal, and then transmits it. The receiver picks up the transmitted RF signal, converts it back into an audio signal, and then outputs it for mixing and amplification.
Using the ComprehensIve Guide to Setting Up, Configuring and Using Evolution Wireless G3 Systems guide from Sennheiser, we see that evolution wireless G3 systems elegantly solve two classic challenges: avoiding interference and building complex, multi-channel systems. From small clubs to boardrooms to Broadway stages or stadium-sized concert halls, Sennheiser evolution wireless G3 is used with confidence every day by professional users the world over. A recent FCC survey found that 80 percent of broadband users in the United States dona€™t know the speed of their broadband connection. The first thing a system designer needs to know about a fiber optic link is how much optical loss will be experienced between the end points of any fiber optic cable. You will need two devices to determine the optical loss measurement, an optical power meter, such as the FiberlinkA® 6650 and a light source. Now, if youa€™re going to put a microphone super close to an amp, it better be able to handle some high SPLs (sound pressure levels). Technical transmitter monitoring cannot guarantee that a listener using an FM radio can hear the station with good quality reception. Operators in control centers can simply use a common media player to listen to the stream encoded by the Instreamers. Obviously, confidence checking or "listening in" is not limited to radio stations a€“ many other applications of this Barix solution have been installed or can be envisaged, covering everything from monitoring whales to surveillance applications. Selecting the right reference monitors and setting them up correctly in your mixing environment is one of the most critical elements in creating mixes that will translate to any speaker system. Fortunately, a good monitoring setup is possible on any budget and the good folks over at Presonus have put together a brief, yet in-depth tutorial on selecting and configuring studio monitors.
Although use of a Wet Cleaning process largely avoids issues of scratching, using a solvent cleaner can also present problems. Since IPA is the traditional chemical commonly used for both end face cleaning and for fiber preparation before fusion splicing, it has achieved a€?universal solventa€? status over the years. To overcome the problems inherent in using IPA for cleaning fiber optic connectors, application specialists at Chemtronics recommend using a proprietary cleaning solvent called Electro-Wash PX Fiber Optic Cleaner. To minimize battery change disruptions, careful consideration should be given to the power requirements of the equipment and the requirements of the shoot; consider not just the tape length but the amount of time the camera will be "hot". Taking a minute or two here will save you time, money & aggravation, as your camera is only as good as the battery system that powers it. Attenuators are used with single-mode fiber optic devices and cable to filter the strength of the fiber optic signal. But when two fiber devices connected with single-mode fiber cable are close to each other, the signal may be too strong. Because ita€™s probably not feasible to move your fiber equipment farther apart, the easiest solution is to attach an attenuator to each fiber device.
Before selecting an attenuator, you need to check the type of adapter on your fiber devices. First let us lay some groundwork: audio systems can exhibit "hum" and they can exhibit "buzz", which are two separate situations.
Sixty(60)-hertz hum (fifty (50) hertz internationally) is a result of having a ground loop in the audio system.
Another cause of system "hum" is electrically induced, such as having a very sensitive component too close to a power transformer.
This week wea€™re taking a moment to spotlight Larry Villella of ADK Microphones and TapeOp Magazine. Larrya€™s custom shop and 3 Zigma line of microphones have captured performances by many acclaimed artists, including Ray Charles, Chick Corea, Burt Bacharach and The Manhattan Transfer. Discussions surrounding whether or not to test a fiber channel with the patch cords have been unclear. In reality, the main deciding factor for whether to test the channel with the patch cords included or to just test the permanent link depends on the specification provided by the end user or their consultant.
If after checking the spec the question still remains as to whether or not patch cords should be included in channel testing, consider the fact that patch cords are factory terminated and offer a lower risk of defect and errors. Sometimes it is also not logistically feasible to test the channel with the patch cords because they are often not in place during initial testing, before active equipment is installed and up and running. While most should not have to worry about testing the channel with the patch cords (unless ita€™s specified), the fact remains that sometimes things can go wrong. Another key consideration is whether or not typical insertion loss values or maximum insertion loss values are being used to design the channel. While not necessary for achieving certification on an end-to-end Belden FiberExpress channel, we recommend using maximum insertion loss values when designing channels and testing the channel with the patch cords whenever possible. And if at first, you only tested the permanent link and then experienced higher-than-normal bit error rates once the active equipment was up and running, it might be time to retest the channel with the patch cords in place. The spatial resolutions of the two also differs in that while both formats display 2160 px high, UHD has a width of 3840 px while 4K has a width 4096 px. Communications Speacialties has a wide range of 3500 Series Fiberlink products to support the transport of multiple 3G-SDI signals over single and multiple fibers. UL listed means that a product has been submitted to Underwritera€™s Laboratories for safety testing in certain categories. APC surge protectors undergo stringent testing by IEEE, and are awarded "let-through ratings", which indicate the maximum voltage level that can possibly reach your equipment after a surge or voltage spike has passed through an electric surge protector. While most other surge suppressors continue to let power through even after their circuits have been damaged - leaving your equipment exposed to future surges, APC's SurgeArrest uses a fail safe design, which means that once the circuit of an APC SurgeArrest has been compromised the unit disconnects equipment from the power supply ensuring that no damaging surges reach your equipment. Whether you are recording vocals, guitars, drums or even a piano, proper microphone placement is the first step in getting great sound. For the most part, the microphone's axis (or center line) should aim toward the nose and mouth to obtain the fullest sound. In most wireless microphone applications, there is rarely a single element that causes the whole system to fail, but rather an aggregation of bad practices that leads to poor performance. In Germany and Austria today there are signs of the seriousness with which geopathic stress is taken.
If you find time, this geopathic stress documentary is extremely interesting and compliments the work I have been doing over the last 12 years and 30 years my father before me with the same conclusions. Please scroll down the articles on this page for a more scientific understanding of geopathic stress. There is also an interesting piece of research at the end of the page about the credibility of Vega testing for geopathic stress. The most useful research document is below under the heading a€?Vienna Reporta€™ Read my summary and then either open up the original research document in German or the Poor English translation after the summary. The first studies that proved a link between cancer and geopathic stress were carried out in the early 20th century in Austria and Germany but, so far geopathic stress has been largely ignored in the UK.
A A A  Long term exposure in combination with other types of energy such as Hartman lines, high electromagnetic fields or geological faults can give rise to optimistic abnormal cell growth and cancer. Germany has long been the seat of research in to the biological effects that pathogenic locations can have on both human and plant biochemistry.
Historic roots of the investigation are built on claims that pathogenic zones exist at certain locations and that sleeping or spending long periods of time above them are linked to cancer, debilitating diseases of the central nervous system, chronic fatigue and general ill health.
The research was conducted by a team of distinguished professors, doctors, engineers, scientists and dowsers. To test this hypothesis the research team used the services of three dowsers known for there expertise in locating earth energies. At present, these so called a€?Disturbed Zonesa€™ can only be indicated by dowsers, with its presence being then verified with scientific instrumentation. The Project a€?The project involved the testing of 24 different biological parameters involving 985 trial volunteers in 6,943 investigations using 462, 421 individual measurements. Decoder Analysis of the Total Bioelectric Status a€?This investigation was significant and was carried out on a number of patients from a country medical practice. Heart Frequency Reaction (HFR) a€?In these investigations measurements from an electrocardiogram (ECG) were used in both sitting and lying down positions.
Akrale Re-warming Time a€?The temperature measurement at the finger tips revealed that after standardized cooling on the a€?Disturbed Zonea€™ the Rewarming time is delayed significantly. Optical Flicker Fusion Frequency a€?This test measures the psycho sensory capabilities of the person.
Coordinative Vegetative Rhythm a€?Passive rhythms such as breath and pulse frequency operate in balanced Coordinative rhythms especially when at rest. Muscle Frequency Analysis a€?Significant location variations in the distribution of the muscle action frequencies were found in areas of electric muscle potential.
Calcium and Potassium a€?On a€?Disturbed Zonesa€™ potassium levels increased with a rising significance and calcium increased significantly. Serotonin a€?Decreased by a factor of 6 on the a€?Disturbed Zonea€™ whilst increasing its metabolism to advance Tryptophan in compensation.
The a€?Location Effecta€™ of the a€?Disturbed Zonea€™ on regulatory systems of the human organism is proved without doubt and raises the question of which substratum, subsystem or system the location dependent powers primarily attack. The test results were lined up by Biometric Significance and are valued with the Serotonin and the Blood Corpuscle Decline Speed (BSG) in lead position.
Serotonin a€?Serotonin is diminished on the a€?Disturbed Zonea€™ and its metabolism advances the tendency for Tryptophan to be increased.
The research team concluded that there was no evidence to relate a€?Location Loada€™ to a specific illness but should be rather determined as a risk factor that can reinforce the effect of different pathogenic factors.
Only rudimental evidence is available today, if such zones could be measured using accepted physical apparatus. One of the reasons why an incontrovertible physical measurement of the assumedly existing electromagnetic fields appears to be impossible at present could be that these are very variable, broad-banded and at the same time only present in very low power strengths, a€?hiddena€? in the surrounding electromagnetic noise.
One can assume that there are many origins for the effects of different locations on humans, animals and plants.
Low energy, broad-banded and dynamically changing EMFs, creating resonance with structures of the human organism, may well be part of the geopathy phenomenon. In addition, the dipolar nature of H2O-molecules can also be part of the origin of such fields. Piezoelectricity is the ability of certain crystals and certain ceramic materials to generate electrical and magnetic signals in response to applied mechanical stress.
Inside an ideal quartz crystal, the electrical charge of the elements silicon and oxygen cancel each other out.
Another well known use of piezoelectricity is found in lighters using piezoelectric ignition: There, sudden mechanical pressure onto a synthetic quartz crystal block (containing high amounts of exactly aligned synthetic lattice crystal cells) leads to the generation of high voltage. Another aspect of the geopathy phenomenon, which appears to be largely underestimated in its importance, could be found in the presence of a€?longitudinal scalar wavesa€? (5). The existence of longitudinal wave proportions, as also present in the near field of a dipol antenna, could already be shown experimentally by Nikola Tesla (1856-1943) (16-16). Proteins and most other bio-molecules are not at all a€?nonrigida€? structures; in order to fulfill their functions, they possess the ability to dynamically change their shapes within certain limits. Huge amounts of very tiny magnetic crystals (magnetite crystals) have been found in the brain, and these could react very sensitively to the slightest changes in magnetic fields (20). Even though in today's popular media, pseudo-scientific and quasi-medical reports on the topic of geopathy are presented to the public, no a€?peer revieweda€? medical journal indexed in MedLine had published statistically firm and sound provable evidence of geopathic effects on humans until most recently. Our first concepts how to address the geopathy phenomenon were based on the descriptions and personal discussions with the late Otto Bergsmann (a€  2004) and Alois Stacher (medical doctors, both from Vienna, Austria) and carried out in close co-operation with Adolf Wiebecke and his team (Salzburg and Oberalm, Austria).
For detection geopathic stress, we have followed the design of a randomized, double-blinded non-clinical trial (54-44), following the ethical guidelines of the expanded Helsinki Declaration (56).
During the experiments, the complete GDV system was mounted on a trolley, in order to measure the effects of the two different zones in the laboratory room directly a€?on sitea€? without moving the test person to another place. To gain reliable data, we paid careful attention to a number of issues influencing stability, reproducibility and safety (24, 30, 37, 45): Throughout the whole study, the very same GDV system was used.
As overlaying technical fields possibly influencing the results may have been present, we used sophisticated calibrated equipment to scan and record low and high frequency EMFs, potential acoustic noxae or vibrations during the whole study period, as well as a variety of additional physical parameters.
Further analyses were carried out for complementary medical parameters included in the GDV software package. Those people who are already in the beginning stages of poor health may sense an added sensitivity for diseases of different kinds when staying longer on geopathic locations, as well as notice that healing processes may take longer than usual. As there are no reliable measuring instruments available so far, presently it makes sense to take advice from an experienced dowser. If constructional arrangements are not possible before erecting a building or before starting a reconstruction, which is supposedly the case in most instances, there are also other practical possibilities: provided that there is a will to do so, it should be possible to move beds or desk seats, in order to get them out of interference zones.
Everyone can do something to prevent negative influences by sources that cause stress: anything that lowers stress in general also helps one deal with specific stress factors, and zones, from any origin. Furthermore, many studies confirm that people who are a€?living healthilya€? a€“ who manage their weight, refrain from smoking, enjoy the outdoors, participate in sports, etc., - have stronger immune systems and feel definitely less stress than their a€?unhealthy livinga€? fellow men. For those who cannot (or do not want to) adopt many of the above mentioned choices, due to illness, age, or some other reasons, things could become more difficult. Our studies show that it does matter on which location you stay for a longer period of time. What is the relevance of our findings for hospitals, convalescent homes and rehabilitation centers? The term a€?wellnessa€?, which is composed of the ideals a€?well-beinga€? and a€?fitnessa€? as well as a€?life-stylea€? and a€?happinessa€?, to a modern point of view denotes a holistic concept of health. In a pilot study (unpublished findings), we have found indications of more aggressive behavior by children living or working on geopathic locations.
Naturally, the negative effects of geopathic stress zones also have considerable commercial impact.
The follow-up costs associated with longer a€?chronica€? stays on geopathic interference zones are probably enormous: As said before, geopathy is a matter of a€?burdened work placesa€? leading to decreased ability of the employees to concentrate and to increased probability of employees' illnesses. So far, the present scientific evidence of effects of geopathic zones on humans has been mainly found using complementary medical methods, with the exception of the GDV a€?area-of-glowa€? parameter.
At the same time, we have already started experiments above different geological zones to test such key parameters contained in saliva, using biochemical assaying well accepted by orthodox medicine: various hormones, neuropeptides and immunological relevant substances are going to be tested a€?non-invasivelya€?. The authors extend thanks for their great help in conducting the quoted research and its essential components to this manuscript. For their innovative and far-seeing pioneering work and active scientific exchange in the field of geopathy we thank Univ.-Doz. When it comes to the topic of earth radiation, water veins and earth dislocations a€“ the so-called geological disturbances a€“ the layperson will usually associate this with hocus-pocus concepts such as a€?Dowsers,a€? often a man with large whiskers and an ironic smile. Many people do not believe the dowsera€™s tale, and associate it with occult illusion a€“ even if successes have been reported simply by moving a bed to a different area of the room. The most common reason for the prejudice of the person listening -- who generally considers himself to be moderna€?and intelligent -- is the fact that nowhere do we find soa€?many absurdities, contradictions and a€?silly thingsa€? as in this area. Ten allegedly qualified dowsers generally come to ten different conclusions in the same apartment or building. I am sickened when I am told how people play tricks with the fears and hopes of seriously ill individuals.
I hope to make a contribution in this area so that we may have an objective discussion of this subject.
For years, sensitive electronic measuring devices have verified the old knowledge about earth radiations. You can actually measure the natural radioactive radiation from the earth, all over the globe. We are born amid these natural manifold-radiating processes and there is no doubt that they are appropriate, important, healthy, and life protecting.


But there are also zones (areas) where radiation intensities are noticeably different from the norm. I might measure a level of radiation along a long-line, for example, and often the intensity will change suddenly, giving me an entirely different value. Sometimes these higher intensity zones area€?frequent and can be detected every other yarda€?or so. It is interesting to note that gifted dowsers will show swinging of rods or pendulums exactly where you would measure these significant anomalies too.
I do not like to define, prematurely, every swing of a rod by a gifted dowser or every measured peculiarity as a a€?water veina€? or a a€?dislocation.a€? I have never dug into the ground to find the object which I assumed to be in existence while I was measuring on top of the ground. It is the task of science to connect one thing with another, and to analyze these connections.
My practical experience is sufficient for me to know that concentrations of terrestrial radiation can be measured, and the findings will show noticeable differences from natural points of reference in the natural environment. What do we really measure, with our sensitive electronic instruments, if the objects are earth radiation, geological disturbances, water veins and dislocations? I refer to my own personal experiences, with different measuring approaches, and do not pretend exclusiveness. That means: when you are above geological disturbances you can measure the distortion of the terrestrial magnetic field, similarly to that of magnetic steel.
Here the compass is not the appropriate device because the declinations are so small that they cannot generate any substantial swing. This measurement approach is not appropriate for house and bedroom examinations, however, because the artificial distortions coming from steel used in construction, materials, metal fixtures, and even the bed itself, can cause a blur in the measurement or make a reading entirely impossible. I think the argument is exaggerated; that these anomalies of terrestrial magnetic fields above geological disturbances are sufficient to cause biological problems. Conclusion: Though you can measure geological peculiarities, the application a€“ in rooms a€“ is rarely reliable.
A second peculiarity, as far as earth radiation is concerned, is that air ions often change. Ion measurements are extremely difficult and ambiguous since many factors in your house mix up the air ions even more than the terrestrial radiation is capable of. This measurement is just impossible under the influence of an electrically radiating wall, or an electrostatically loaded curtain. I have discovered that a plastic bag, within a five-yard distance of the measurement, can change the environment of the air ions more radically than what could be possible from the geological subsoil. Measurements of the VHF field strength often show a drop in the measurement curve when taken above disturbances. Within buildings, however, evaluations are almost impossible as the measurements within walls are highly unreliable.
One has to be very critical and attentive so as not to be taken in by too rash and incorrect conclusions. Many manuals say that locating geological disturbances by using the VHF field strength is childa€™s play. The geo-rhythmogram measures the skin resistance of a person from hand to hand with simple electrodes and a fitting ohm-meter. When the skin resistance of a test person is normal, at 40 kilo ohm (Aschoff), the values can go up to 100, 200, or even higher when you are above zones of disturbance. Even when all pre-conditions are fulfilled some problems remain: All stimuli towards the test person will be included into the measurement. Only with enough experience can you relate anomalies of the skin resistance to geological stimuli, and totally exclude that they are not produced from radio alarms or a spring mattress. If you can do that, then the physical measurement can be reproduced and give a reliable result. Particularly interesting is the fifth possible approach to measuring terrestrial radiation. That means: As I measure the natural radioactive radiation with a sensitive radiometer, I will get values of 100 percent or more if the measure is above a so-called disturbance zone. Though the natural basic radioactivity of the earth has some local differences due to climate and the earth level, the base level is generally consistent. From my experience, regular and reproducible increases in radioactivity above geological stimuli areas, in the range of up to 100 percent, are profound and are significant. If you can sleep for the next 20 years with only half the amount of radioactive disintegrations -- after a change of the bedroom position a€“ then, as a matter of caution, I see no reason to stay in the area that is doubly charged. I think it is greatly exaggerated to speak rashly of a€?cancer zonesa€? if you are referring to terrestrial radiation and other corresponding peculiarities.
According to my own personal experience, and the findings of innumerable research and test reports, the healing successes after moving the bed cannot be discounted merely as psychological reaction placebo or coincidence. During a meeting in Seattle, USA, I detected this phenomenon in a 22 floor hotel, on six different levels: in the underground garage, at the first floor near the reception, and on the roof -- always the same high values, down below and at the top, on the same premises.
As you know, I have found houses in which the radioactive radiation was higher than that which could be found in playgrounds and public swimming pools near the Chernobyl accident.
The reason for this is radioactive construction materials: cinders, ashes, chemical gypsum, tiles, pumice and metallurgical stones -- all sorts of possible and impossible industry waste.
Additionally, certain antiques, minerals and glazes a€“ in direct range of your body a€“ can radiate so strongly that biological risks can become immense. While visiting three patients with brain tumors, I found just beside the head of one person a very old alarm clock that was radiating radioactivity; with another, a dark green glazed image of St. For measuring terrestrial radiation, I use my most expensive instruments: highly sensitive scintillation counters. My experiences with measurements of radioactivity soon led to the decision to build a measuring device especially well-suited for building, biological, and geo-biological work, and one that was constructed to my own specifications. The very high sensitivity of the third prototype convinced me: more than 250 impulses per second in a normal radiation background, and more than 500 impulses per second on geologically disturbed surfaces. Besides its extreme measuring preciseness, the scintillation counter has the particular advantage of being extremely sensitive to gamma rays. With his super-sensitive measuring device (of more than 1,000 impulses per second!), he has shown that you can find water from the ground surface - guaranteed. More than 35 years of experience makes it possible for Stangle to define, with his measurements, the exact depth, the amount a€“ to the very gallon -- the mineralization, and the temperature of the localized water.
The Daimler-Benz company made five expensive unsuccessful drillings before they called Jakob Stangle with his scintillation counter.
In 1972 Jakob Stangle walked through Vilsbiburg with his scintillation counter and totally confirmed the work of his sensitive predecessor by exact measurements, in two absolute blind tests. An architect intended to buy and renovate a large villa at the Baldeney Lake in Essen, Germany. Another time, a doctor recommended to the manager of a concert agency to have her home examined by me. She also looked into the geological maps and found the disturbance was mapped by the Krefeld agency.
After these results, I bought several geological maps from North Rhine Westfalia, Germany, and checked ten plotted geological disturbances with my measuring devices.
They put immense pressure on us to ensure that our emergency power generation system was always ready to roll and in perfect condition.
Now it is usually a computerized station that displays the status of your engines, ATS’s (automatic transfer switches,) and sometimes your entire electrical distribution system. If they have the two choices available they will switch over to the city once it has determined it is reliable.
Call your supervisor or whoever is next up the chain if that’s what your job mandates. Check your major equipment, might be computer rooms, get it back online or make sure it never went down. How to inspect the electrical ground system: wires, grounding conductors, connectors, ground rods.
It looked connected but when we wiggled it (power had been shut off at the main building) the neutral wire lifted right out of the connector. Thanks to reader Randy Gardner for discussing this lost neutral case and opening an argument for clarification of just what was going on. Below right: overheated wires in the sub panel at circuit breakers (we suspect these were powering the compressor motor). When the fuse opens, the current falls causing the magnetic field to collapse which produces a high voltage. The path is likely through the earth, but could be through the service neutral if there is a path (there is probably a continuous neutral connection between transformers that feed houses). However such a condition is still UNSAFE for several reasons including that the local ground itself may be unreliable and also because unexpected live electrical current may be present on un-insulated ground system components - someone could be shocked or electrocuted.
The isolation switch disconnects the electrical panel from the utility company wiring entirely and connects it over to the backup generator system. If I want our readers to be able to find information or to understand it, I need to use both the technically correct language AND the terms that those readers use themselves. So for example we may refer to a septic drainfield also as a leach field or as a soakpit or as a soakaway bed and so-on. Cramer is a past president of ASHI, the American Society of Home Inspectors and is a Florida home inspector and home inspection educator.
The text is intended as a reference guide to help building owners operate and maintain their home effectively. This allows for the control of power flows in the network and general switching operations for maintenance purposes.
The earthing system also ensures that no thermal or mechanical damage occurs on the equipment within the power substation, thereby resulting in safety too peration and maintenance personnel.
A grid layout with particular conductors is then analyzed to determine the effective substation earthing resistance, from which the earthing voltage is calculated. These tests are best performed in dry weather such that conservative resistivity readings are obtained. Practically this is not feasible since the cost of implementing such a design is very high.
This design also places minimum reliance on signalling for satisfactory operation of protection. Operation of two circuit breakers is required to connect or disconnect a circuit, and disconnection involves opening of a mesh. The limits of this work section, or maintenance zone, may be the ground or a platform from which the man works. There should be a means of isolation on each side of the circuit breaker, and to separate it from adjacent live parts, when isolated, either by section clearances or earth barriers. An added advantage is that in indoor substations, there is the reduction in the height of the building.
With this type of mounting the live tank circuit breaker is suspended by tension insulators from overhead structures, and held in a stable position by similar insulators tensioned to the ground. Increased creepage length, resistance glazing, insulation greasing and line washing have been used with varying degrees of success. For economy of service roads, transformers are located on one side of a substation, and the connection to switchgear is by bare conductors. Each arrangement is used for a specific type of instruction to maximize the efficiency of the lesson being taught. Because a hub doesn't use management or addressing, it simply divides the 10- or 100-Mbps bandwidth among users. Switches divide LAN data into smaller, easier-to-manage segments and send data only to the PCs it needs to reach.
Select a stackable hub connected with a special cable so you can start with one hub and add others as you need more ports. Ethernet switches intended for large managed networks feature built-in management, usually SNMP. Most Ethernet switches operate at "Layer 2," which is for the physical network addresses (MAC addresses). A modular switch enables you to populate a chassis with modules of different speeds and media types. Some Ethernet switches can be connected to form a stack of two or more switches that functions as a single network device. Phones in this impedance range may be directly plugged into the headphone jack routinely found on recording and playback equipment. This shows that the advantage of high impedance headphones is that they can be used with almost any amplifier output without any risk of being damaged by overload, and you can connect up to 10 or more pairs to the same output.
The concept (simply stated) being this - and there are more complex answers having to do with phase coherency, time alignment, and other big words, but I did say "simply stated" - if the woofers are at the outside of the image, the sound comes from everywhere anyway so their placement would probably be OK on the outside of the image.
They achieve this by continually switching or "hopping" from one transmission frequency to another throughout the Spread Spectrum band. If interference is encountered at any particular frequency, the built-in error correction detects it and resends the data packet at the next frequency hop. Ia€™ve found that the output is quite low compared to some other microphones that I have used in the past and ita€™s quite noisy when I turn it up to get enough gain. Many Dynamic and ribbon microphones such as the Shure SM7 and the EV RE-20 have a low output compared to other microphones such as condensers. At SPL levels above 160 dB some mechanical problems might occur (for example the voice coil might crash onto the magnet) but these SPL levels are very hard to find in real world. However if using dynamic microphones at high SPL levels a user should be aware that the very high voltage (up to several volts) delivered by the microphone might cause problems when connected to mic preamps. Some VGA connectors in personal computers provided a basic form of identification by connecting one, two or three pins to ground, but this coding was not standardized. 4K has a data stream of 8.8 million pixels but what we need to know is the bitrate of the 4K image.
Likewise sending an Ultra-HD signal, that is 3840 x 2160 with a refresh of 30 Hz will also require nearly 10.2 Gbs.
Though it is not possible for an wireless mic receiver to "hear" anything from a digital TV transmission, the DTV signal acts as a very strong broadband radio noise source. Television transmitters may operate at power levels up to several million watts while wireless microphone systems typically operate at less than 50 mW (fifty one- thousandths of one watt!) of output power. Indoor setups are at less risk than outdoor setups because building structures will usually strongly attenuate TV signals. Aux-level inputs and outputs are found on many kinds of equipment, including tape recorders, CD players, and some computer sound cards. Engineers who analyze multimeter safety often discover that failed units were subjected to a much higher voltage than the user thought he was measuring. What performance specification should you look for, especially if you know that you could be working on high-energy circuits? It describes in full detail the how's and why's of the subject and how to get the job done and stay safe every time. Also known as ultra-high definition resolution, 4K presents four times the picture resolution that standard high-definition resolution offers. Most 4K displays and panels are larger in size (at least 55 inches) because the benefits of ultra-high def resolution are less visible on smaller displays.
Table 1 below illustrates the data rates that are required to support 4K resolution for different color options at 60 frames per second. To support ultra-high definition resolution and maintain color information, higher data rates are needed as shown in Table 1.
Signal integrity may be a major issue for proper 4K connectivity; noise interference and increased distances can impact signal quality. However, Gigabit Ethernet or 1000BASE-T uses all four pairs of wires, leaving no pairs free for power. When the same pair is used for both power and data, the power and data transmissions dona€™t interfere with each other. Their major applications are the connections of instruments like guitars, keyboards, headphones.
The MuxLab HDMI Over IP Extender with Management Software (500752) allows up to 16 sources to be connected to up to 200 screens. Featuring infra-red (IR) pass through, control of sources is possible from a remote screen location.
Sennheiser evolution wireless G3 offers 1,680 tunable UHF frequencies across 42 MHz and an easy-to-use "Easy Setup" function that scans for interference and recommends "free" frequencies that will yield the most reliable operation. Know the speed you need - for example, whether you need a fast speed for video, or whether a slower speed will do. Many people dona€™t know what speed they are paying for, or what they are getting compared to what the broadband provider is claiming to offer. If youa€™re choosing a broadband provider for the first time, consider speed, price, and service. Factors like a slow router or computer, using the Web at peak times, or using high-bandwidth applications can slow down your connection. All fiber optic transmitters and receivers will specify a maximum amount of optical attenuation, or loss budget, that can be tolerated before the equipment will no longer work properly.
This can be an existing fiber optic transmitter or a light source such as the FiberlinkA® 6654 Dual Wavelength Single Mode Light Source. It is preferred that measurements be made at both wavelengths, if possible, as the optical loss can vary significantly as the wavelength varies when multimode fiber is used.
While the electric guitar can certainly be recorded directly, there are times when there is simply no substitute for the sound of a real amplifier. Placing the microphone roughly 4 inches from the grill, aimed directly at the center of the loudspeaker will produce the most a€?edgea€? to your sound.
By angling the microphone slightly off axis and towards the wall, you can add more a€?room sound.a€? Experimentation is a key factor in achieving the sound you are looking for.
The figure eight pattern picks up sound to the front and back of the mic without any creative placement.
If the amplifier sits on a carpeted floor, you are more likely to reduce the amount of brightness in the sound.
Broadcast Australia operates a monitoring system which uses tuners and Barix IP audio encoders, allowing support staff to listen in remotely, all over Australia. If listeners complain, the technical staff of Broadcast Australia can use a tuner within the reception area of that specific transmitter and "listen in", remotely.
In addition to the operator listening in person, the Instreamer device can also automatically trigger an alarm if the signal quality fails to meet certain predefined criteria.
Just about anyone who has ever mixed a record has experienced the frustration of getting a mix that sounds amazing in their mixing environment, only to pop it onto their car stereo and wonder in confusion "where did the lead guitar go?" The likely culprit is their studio setup.
Investing in a high-quality studio monitors will make mixing easier and less fatiguing and will help you to become a better engineer.
Even the highest grade of 99.9% IPA is unable to remove both ionic and complex non-ionic contaminants such as buffer gels, lubricants and these oily residues in combination with dusty soils.
Without some way to limit that low frequency sound, you can wind up shortening the lifespan of the drivers considerably. Depending on the type of attenuator attached to the devices at each end of the fiber optic cable, you can diminish the strength of the light signal a variable amount, measured in decibels (dB). Single-mode fiber is designed to carry a fiber optic signal long distancesa€”as much as 70 kilometers (or 43.4 miles). Just as sunglasses filter the strength of sunlight, attenuators filter the strength of the light signal transmitted along single-mode fiber cable.
Attenuators typically fit into any patch panel equipped with FC, SC, or LC adapters that contain either PC or APC contacts.
This is where there are two or more ground references in the system, and current is flowing from one ground point to another. Power amplifiers have large power transformers and can induce a magnetic field into other equipment. His microphones have been endorsed by several Grammy award winning engineers, and the ADK Custom shop and 3 Zigma Audio have both individually won the prestigious PAR Excellence Award for Innovation. The answer to this long-standing question is a€?it depends.a€? Leta€™s take a closer a look.
Installation of the permanent link typically has much more impact on the performance and insertion loss of the channel. They are also regularly moved or changed during reconfigurations without necessarily re-testing the channel. Fiber patch cords can have dirty end faces or they could be damageda€”especially since they are a moveable component. If using typical insertion loss values, it is important to know how the patch cords impact the channel. Testing the channel with the patch cords doesna€™t take any extra time, and ita€™s better to be safe than sorry. This last attribute makes scaling and displaying UHD images on HDTV sets and monitors a rather straightforward process. Also known as "frames per second (fps)" or "frame rate" this refers to how many complete images are drawn on the screen each second. If you clap your hands and get an echo effect, you should consider adding some carpet, blankets, drapes, or other sound absorbing materials.
Getting too close to the microphone tends to increase bass response and can create problems with plosive sounds - those popping Ps, Bs, Ds, and Ts (more on this in a moment). It's not a bad idea, however, to experiment angling the microphone slightly away from dead center so as to help minimize plosives. When dealing with radio frequencies in particular, considerations such as antenna size, orientation, and proper cable selection, are important factors not to be overlooked.
This handy guide from Shure presents a series of good practices for most typical wireless audio applications. If you continue to stay in these areas especially during sleep, then in the long term the stresses on our bodies will emerge as more serious conditions such as, diseases of the central nervous system, Multiple Sclerosis (MS), Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS), miscarriages, and cancer.
Not only are the public more generally aware, but their governments funds aid and continuing research in to the matter. Geopathic Stress is only one of them and it is becoming more difficult to gauge especially when the natural energy field is constantly changed and amplified by man-made electromagnetic fields. The phenomenon has been linked to insomnia, migraine, headaches, loss of balance, short -term memory loss, joint pain, cot death, infertility, miscarriages, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME) and cancer. It has been known for a long time that when there is flowing water under a dwelling the inhabitants always feel more tired, are prone to premature aging and have a loss of vitality than those who sleep above neutral ground.
I have the original 134 page research document in German and a badly translated version in English. These pathogenic locations defined in the report as, a€?earth radiation's evoked by a discontinuity of the normal physical parameters on the surface of the earth,a€™ and shortened to a€?Disturbed Zonesa€™ are the subject of the research. Such locations have been termed in China and many European countries as either a€?curseda€™ or a€?cancera€™ houses. The functioning hypothesis of the research was that geophysical characteristics of the surface of the earth are not uniform and that location dependent influences exist that can have a detrimental effect on both human and plant biochemical systems. They were enlisted to independently dowse eight different locations and submit reports and diagrams of the strongest a€?Disturbed Zonesa€™ found, together with a a€?Neutral Zonea€™ at the same location to enable them to carryout double blind experiments with volunteers at each selected location. Technology does not yet exist to do this the other way round; the dowser does not yet appear to be replaceable with scientific instrumentation. However because of the high standard of the research only significant results were accepted. The stereotypical result on the a€?Disturbed Zonea€™ was deterioration of the electro-biological functioning in the sense of depression or blockage of bioelectric functions. In the 15 minute time exposure on the a€?Disturbed Zonea€™ the results remained under the significance barrier. An apparatus able to discriminate such low energy broadband EMFs from noise apparently is not yet available. Both, technical and biological systems can be influenced by EMFs, whereby numerous questions are still open, such as the concerning limits and the nature of physical interference fields (5).
As an extremely dielectric medium, water favors the formation of potential vortices, which immediately after their formation contract swiftly. In nature, piezoelectrical dischargings can occur in some areas of geological a€?warpsa€? containing quartz sand particles, and may be another plausible cause of geopathic stress effects (14). When a crystal lattice cell is compressed by mechanical pressure, an imbalance is the result, manifesting itself in the development of a tiny electrical voltage (Fig.
In spite of the fact that scalar waves in the field theory of Maxwell are usually neglected and set to zero, numerous experiments can lead to the conclusion that they do really exist and influence the human organism (5). The presence of pure physical interactions and in addition also of a€?physiologic sensorsa€? located inside the body can be assumed. Physical resonance is defined as a synchronization of two sources which vibrate with the same pulse frequency but with contrary polarity. Internal protein dynamics can potentially affect protein function through a variety of mechanisms, some of which are tautological or obvious in nature while others are subtle and remain to be fully explored and appreciated (18). Black dots on magnetic resonance imaging pictures (MRI) of human brain tissue led researches to the idea that these could be magnetic particles.
Evidence that these microscopically small magnetite particles would function for some kind of sensory perception in humans could not yet been confirmed. Previously described effects and descriptions of the pioneers (1, 3 and others) in this area unfortunately arena€™t available in the standardized, scientifically acceptable nor reproducible format required for peer-reviewed medical journals, but rather as monographs.
Because of the lack of a€?directa€? physical measurement techniques for the doubtlessly existing a€zenergy fieldsa€? at least partly originating in the ground, we decided to use the human body as an indicator. Being fascinated by its highly sensitive ability to detect stress effects, and also by the fact that this method is being used world-widely for manifold applications combining a€?pure physicsa€? with complimentary evaluation of apparently high accuracy, we could reproducibly show using this method that different zones above ground do exhibit different effects on the human organism.
In addition to the promising data presented in numerous publications before, including our own, we are presently in the middle of an evaluation targeting a validation of GDV mean area-of-glow as a reliable measure of certain aspects of stress. All test persons had been informed about the GDV system and related safety issues, and about the fact that they may feel a slight a€?crawlinga€? in their finger tips. In practice, to capture one a€?static GDV imagea€?, a very stable high voltage (10 kV, 1.024 Hz, square pulses) is pulsed on and off every 10 ms for a duration of 0,5 s. For each test person and test phase, 50 single static measurements were performed (each finger tip was measured 5 times for 0,5 s). Before use, the GDV camera (kept inside the laboratory at constant room temperature) was switched on at least 30 minutes prior to measurement, and careful calibrations were performed.
In addition to the calculation of descriptive data (mean, median, standard deviation etc.), we carried out Gaussian normality tests and subsequently used the paired two-sample t-test for dependent variables to determine whether there are significant differences between the 4 experimental sub-period results. The two measurement areas in the laboratory used for the experiments turned out to be indistinguishable from the aspect of technical fields and acoustic background noise, and the field strength and loudness levels present were far below existing (safety) guidelines. Statistical significance again was enormously high (p < 0,0001) when compared to the results on those zones without the a€?Wavea€? device (24). In later stages, it my not be impossible though that chronic stress caused by geopathic locations may finally even forward the development of malignant disease.
However, according to the Munich barn-experiments (66-68) and other independent investigations, only a low percentage of the people claiming to be successful dowsers are actually capable of making reproducible and reliable conclusions. This includes methods of stress-management and relaxation techniques, such as meditation, tai chi, guided imaginative journeying, and also certain hypnotherapeutic approaches (69-73). Para-scientific reports about sleeplessness or higher rates of occurrence of different diseases have been with us for many years. In hospitals, observant physicians and nurses sometimes know from experience that there appear to be locations of sickbeds where, remarkably, many patients have a delayed recovery, or in especially blatant cases they may not recover at all.
Wellness enhancing methods and applications aim to increase physical, psychological and spiritual well-being. Individual performance on a€?interference reduceda€? zones increases, and all sides - superintendents, managers and employees - would possibly benefit. This can produce enormous costs for our social and health systems, and the hidden costs we can only suspect today.
As preliminarily presented in this book, we have already obtained data underlining the validity of GSV as a reliable instrument for measuring stress, provided that all pre-cautions are taken into account and that well-trained and experienced persons use it. Adolf WIEBECKE (Oberalm bei Salzburg), whom we want to congratulate for his most promising invention of the a€?Wavea€? device, for the possibility of doing experimental research using his device. Seidel P, Schmidl F, Becker C, Springborn U, Biering S, Grosse V, FA¶rster T, Lorenz P, Bechstein R: Planar high-temperature superconducting dc-SQUID gradiometers for different applications.
Hong R, Zhang Y, Liu Y, Weng EQ: Effects of extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields on DNA of testicular cells and sperm chromatin structure in mice.
Chen P, Yang YQ, Tao HH, Yang HC: Effects of electromagnetic fields of different frequencies on proliferation and DNA damage of gallbladder cancer cells.
Nylund R, Leszczynski D: Mobile phone radiation causes changes in gene and protein expression in human endothelial cell lines and the response seems to be genome- and proteome-dependent.
Grassi C, Da€™Ascenzo M, Torsello A, Martinotti G, Wolf F, Cittadini A, Azzena GB: Effects of 50 Hz electromagnetic fields on voltage-gated Ca2+ channels and their role in modulation of neuroendocrine cell proliferation and death. Hecker R: Emission elektrischer und magnetischer Signale von Gestein infolge A¤uAYerer mechanischer Belastungen.
Baureus Koch CL, Sommarin M, Persson BR, Salford LG, Eberhardt JL: Interaction between weak low frequency magnetic fields and cell membranes. Mathie A, Kennard LE, Veale EL: Neuronal ion channels and their sensitivity to extremely low frequency weak electric field effects. Dobson P, Oa€™Keefe E: Investigations into stress and its management using the gas discharge visualization technique.
Russo M, Choudhri AF, Whitworth G, Weinberg AD, Bickel W, Oz MC: Quantitative analysis of reproducible changes in high-voltage electrophotography. Bascom R, Buyantseva L, Zhegmin Q, Dolina M, Korotkov K: Gas discharge visualization (GDV)- bioelectrography.
Korotkov KG, Popechitelev EP: Method for gas discharge visualization and automation of the system of realizing it in clinical practice.
Treugut H, Gorner C, Ludtke R, Schmid P, Fuss R: Reliabilitat der Energetischen Terminalpunktdiagnose (ETD) nach Mandel bei Kranken. Medvedev SN, Mala€™tseva AS, Popkova AM, Serov VV, Igonina NP, Tkacheva OI, Kozin AN: Possibilities of the use of Korean acupuncture Su Jok in the clinical practice. Kato M, Honma K, Shigemitsu T, Shiga Y: Circularly polarized 50-Hz magnetic field exposure reduces pineal gland and blood melatonin concentrations of Long-Evans rats.
Burch JB, Reif JS, Yost MG: Geomagnetic disturbances are associated with reduced nocturnal excretion of a melatonin metabolite in humans.
Jajte J, Zmyslony M: The role of melatonin in the molecular mechanism of weak, static and extremely low frequency (50 Hz) magnetic fields (ELF). Torpy DJ, Chrousos GP: The three-way interactions between the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal and gonadal axes and the immune system.
This often results in the purchase of expensive screening and de-jamming devices, for which only the unreliable producer and distributor gets any profit. We all know that the earth a€“ in fact, all of life a€“ a€?radiatesa€? as a natural process.a€?There exists a strong terrestrial magnetic field, which guarantees that the top of a compass is always drawn to the north, no matter where you are in the world. It has been known for a long time that underground watercourses and geological dislocation produce spectacular radiation intensities.
Sensitive magnetometers can, however, easily make these distortions visible and can be defined as biologically effective by experts. This method is only justified when you know that artificial fields, from say a€“ magnetic steel, are not in the area.
That is hardly possible because the magnetic field of some spring mattresses equals more than a hundred water veins. The importance of these findings to the area above the disturbance is very much in dispute. The results of these unqualified statements are that credulous laymen go over their bedrooms with a 30 dollar portable radio and assume there are water veins (and other phenomena of terrestrial radiation) whenever NBC or ABC gets bad reception, or a song by Elvis is jammed by noise. The much more exact electro- geobioscopy measures the skin resistance between one hand and acupuncture points on the other hand.
You should consider however, that every response of a human being to the stimuli of his environment is a specific one, ita€™s individual, and cannot be easily transferred to others.
This radioactive electromagnetic radiation is considered the most penetrating, strongest and biologically most hazardous kind of all of the known radioactive rays. But no onea€?can deny that an avoidable risk exists undera€?long-term influence, such as sleeping every nighta€?for eight hours in the same physical position, and doing that for many years.
Regardless of the kind of radiation, no sensible scientist dares to contradict this opinion. For measuring construction material, I use proportional and Geiger-Muller-counter tubes, and xenon-large-area detectors.
The rays are converted into light flashes, boosted as electrical impulses via a photo-multiplier and then calculated and displayed by sophisticated electronics. Wust had already reported about measurements of gamma rays at a€?geopathic zones.a€? The scientists, physicists and doctors Williams, Weber, Cody, Lorenz and Bickel (the last one from California) had made similar successful experiments.
He, more than anybody else, has shown that there is a relationship between subterraneous water sources and ionizing radioactive radiation. All bells rang when the drilling machine cut the granite crack 500 yards below a€“ out of which the curative water came. There turns out to be significant relationships between these zones and cancer patients of the town, as they were sleeping exactly above these zones.
My measurement of the radioactivity, with the scintillation counter, showed a 12-yard wide disturbance that could be detected in the whole house, outside the building, and in the nearby yard. He found there was indeed a water-bearing dislocation, which was officially plotted on two geological maps made in 1911 and in 1980. In all cases, my scintillation counter showed, for hundreds of yards, values that were well above average. From what we knew as lowly building engineers, pretty much all west coast electronic transactions went through these two floors. Basically they monitor and control from where a device, like a pump, an outlet, or a light gets its power.
Without the Neutral-to-Ground bond there is no metal return path for ground fault currents back to the utility transformer. In practice, it is normal to take the highest fault level for substation earth grid calculation purposes. Additionally there is the facility to support the economical operation of future feeder bays. Circuit breakers may be maintained without loss of supply or protection, and no additional bypass facilities are required. A disadvantage however is that to prevent danger to personnel, the circuit breaker has to be surrounded by an earthed barrier, which increases the area required. Additionally such a mounting is economical since at least two insulators per phase are still needed to support the fixed circuit breaker plug contacts. There is the claimed advantage of reduced costs and simplified foundations, and the structures used to suspend the circuit breakers may be used for other purposes.
Accommodation of CT’s over isolator bushings, or bushings through walls or roofs, is usually confined to indoor substations.


Because of the large quantity of oil, it is essential to take precaution against the spread of fire.
The more flexible the furniture, the easier it will be to create different seating styles to fit the immediate need.
If two stations are transferring high volumes of data between them, the network performance of all stations on that hub will suffer. Layer 3 switches use network addresses, and incorporate routing functions to actively calculate the best way to send a packet to its destination.
Because you can easily change modules, the modular switch is an adaptable solution for large, growing networks. Higher impedances, such as 600 ohms, are more useful in studio installations where many units may be wired in parallel for studio monitoring applications.
You can see that very little power is needed to drive a stereo headphone pair to very high listening levels. So it is clear that 600 ohm phones and the lower impedance models should not be intermixed in the same application. The max SPL this combination was able to produce was 150 dB and the THD level recorded by a MD 421 was below 1% (produced by the driver not by the mic).
To accurately monitor what is recorded on the hard drive or tape machine, the monitoring system also has a flat response at the listening position.
It is what enables a modern personal computer to know what kinds of monitors are connected to it.
That means there are 4096 pixels laid out horizontally across the display and 2160 pixels arranged vertically across the display for a total of a little more that 8.8 million pixels in the 4K image. Bitrate not only takes into consideration the number of pixels but also examines the color depth and the refresh rate of the image being sent. For this reason it is unwise to choose wireless microphone system frequencies that fall in an active local TV channel block.
Nevertheless, since the locations and assignments of television stations are well known it is relatively easy to choose wireless microphone system frequencies to avoid them in a particular area.
However, wireless microphones could be used on television channels 22 and 24, as this would avoid the active TV channels. Connecting a microphone to a line-level input will result in almost no sound at all, because the signal is so faint that the line input cannot hear it.
A mixer will not only boost a microphone level signal up to a line level signal, but it will also combine multiple signals together into a single output.
There are the occasional accidents when the meter, rated for low voltage (1000 V or less), was used to measure medium voltage, such as 4160 V.
The task of defining safety standards for test equipment is addressed by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).
Because electricity and data function at opposite ends of the frequency spectrum, they can travel over the same cable.
The shorter the run, the smaller gauge you can use with minimum power and damping factor loss. Power to both transmitter and receiver units are taken care of when used with a PoE (Power over Ethernet) LAN Switch giving minimal power requirements at the source and more importantly at the screen location. Some of the most important considerations in selecting the right wireless system for an application is avoiding sources of potential interference, the number of channels required, the number of and type of microphones needed, antennas, mounts, accessories and the list goes on. For setting up multi-channel systems, evolution wireless G3 includes 20 banks of coordinated frequencies, each set calculated to work together without interference - an undesirable effect called intermodulation. Choosing the right broadband provider and plan for your needs can be complicated, but there are strategies for navigating the process. When single mode fiber is used, measurements should be made at 1310nm as this is the most common wavelength used with single mode fiber.
While digital modeling and processing systems certainly have their place, they may not have the same level of realism as the sound from an amplifier.
A good instrument mic can perform well on a variety of instruments, including a guitar cabinet.
This is achieved by deploying Barix Instreamer devices - reliable IP audio encoders a€“ with FM tuners attached, all over Australia and connecting them via a nationwide IP network. Some advocate a Dry Cleaning technique using lint-free fabrics, while others prefer a Wet Cleaning Process, which employs a solvent cleaner.
IPA can leave a thin layer of such contaminants on the end face, again resulting in signal degradation. Filtered and packaged in a 5-ounce aerosol can that prevents contact with outside air prior to application, this cleaning solution effectively removes the types of soils most commonly encountered in Outside Plant and OEM operations.
Atlas Sound offers a full line of DSP products that can meet any horn speaker protection needs. This provides unlimited flexibility for selecting a combination of different batteries to cover all your application needs. Fiber devices send this signal with great force to ensure that the signal, and your data, arrive at the other end intact. Within the attenuator, therea€™s doping that reduces the strength of the signal passing through the fiber connection and minute air gaps where the two fibers meet. In addition to the type of adapter, you also need to determine the necessary attenuation value, such as 5 or 10 dB.
If you suspect this may be the cause of your problem then placing more distance between the two components is the only practical solution. Even a negligible loss on the patch cord can impact the design and ultimately the channel performance. It also facilitates the display of HDTV signals onto a UHD screen without geometric distortion. Getting too far away makes the microphone more subject to picking up room ambience - a sound that creates the effect of the vocalist being in a bowl. Further, you should always place a "pop" filter between the vocalist and the microphone, with the pop filter positioned 3 - 4 inches in front of the microphone. In the case of microphones and loudspeakers, sound waves are converted to electrical impulses, and vice versa.The proliferation of wireless audio systems has introduced yet another category of transducer to professional audio, the antenna.
While we are asleep our body should be resting so it can repair body cells, fight infections and absorb nutrients from food.
In some schools children are moved at frequent intervals to avoid possible harmful effects. If geopathic stress is suspected, it makes sense to move away from the source or to think about dealing with the threat. Women are more likely to be at risk from geopathic stress because their hormonal systems are more susceptible. While water running beneath a domestic dwelling should be avoided, a stream situated nearby and open to the sky will favourably discharge its negative energies harmlessly into the atmosphere. The aim of the report is to establish whether these a€?Disturbed Sitesa€™ can produce statistically significant results to support the high degree of topicality the phenomenon is having in both main stream and alternative medical practices. A number of these were rejected when illnesses (circulation interference and infections) were discovered. Three silver electrodes were used placed on the forehead, palms and soles; a microprocessor based unit automatically produced the results. All measured parameters gave reference to location dependence with the integral rake size for Systolic ventricle work showing significantly different behaviour. It was thought however, that if the experiment allowed further time exposure the investigation may have achieved a significant result. The Biometric analysis showed that on the a€?Indifferent Zonea€™ the pulse-breath quotient remained in balance but was significantly affected on the a€?Disturbed Zonea€™.
One of the main functions of Serotonin is to act as a neurotransmitter in the parasympathetic system which controls energy provision. Gernot PAUSER: University Clinic for Anesthesiology, Perioperative Medicine and General Intensive Care, Landeskrankenhaus Salzburg, University Clinics of the Paracelsus Private Medical University, Salzburg Federal Clinics (SALK), Salzburg, Austria. A recent technological innovation can now aid us in this quest, allowing a sophisticated physical measurability of deviations of the earth's magnetic field: the SQUIDa€“technology. In addition to the discussed weak, broadband transversal electromagnetic and magnetic fields assumed to be originated in the ground, other forms of a€?energiesa€? might exist, such as the often controversially discussed longitudinal scalar waves (5). There is growing experimental evidence that EMFs - at least those of technical origin a€“ can have significant effects on cells and the entire organism. If you turn a water molecule with its electric charge distribution, then from the moving charge a magnetic field results. The effect was already discovered in 1824 by David Brewster and then experimentally elaborated by Pierre and Jacques Curie in 1880. According to Professor Konstantin Meyl (Furtwangen University, Germany), to a measurement technician scalar waves experimentally manifest as (antenna-)noise, a mixture of frequencies and wavelengths. However, an extensive discussion of the origin and effects of radioactivity from the ground would go far beyond the scope of this manuscript. In the case of resonance, information is being exchanged, energies are transmitted and, in fact, a component of balance between the sources is being formed (from personal communication, A. Certain processes of proteins as parts of their 3-D conformation have the ability to oscillate or rotate. From post mortem brains, magnetite crystals of a size of 50 nm could be isolated, and their magnetic field could be measured. However, speculations are that the presence of magnetite crystals in brain might be understood as proof of a a€?submerged magnetic sensora€?, similar to that of carrier pigeons or whales, theoretically easing human orientation and direction a€“ thus a kind of a€?relict of evolutiona€?. Nevertheless, this doesna€™t lower their importance and relevance: Those pioneers in research on the geopathy phenomenon neither had the scientific-medical verifiability methods that are available today, nor was the time mature for such publications in the kind of medical journals we know today.
In our first approaches, we utilized methods from complementary medicine (bio-resonance, kinesiology, heart-rate variability, etc.).
Petersburg, Russia), as used in that work, delivers a number of sensitive and reproducible parameters (25-46). Although not yet completed, our tests appear to show that this is indeed the case: Parallel measurements of the diurnal time courses of GDV mean area of glow and of biochemical parameters collected from saliva (50-53) indicate that the diurnal curve progressions of GDV image areas and the levels of immunoglobulin A (IgA) go parallel, whilst another accepted parameter of stress, saliva alpha-amylase, progresses just the opposite to IgA and GDV.
Fifty-two voluntary test persons were measured at two locations, one of which has been identified by a group of six distinguished dowsers as being a a€?geopathic zonea€? and the other a a€?neutral zonea€?. The electric field produces a visible gas discharge glow around the fingertip (Kirlian image), and such corona discharges have been recorded from each of the 10 fingertips of the test person repeatedly. In addition, we have recorded dynamic GDV images from both ring fingers, repeated 3 times during each test period. Each test person was asked to thoroughly wash their hands using a pH neutral laboratory soap (without re-fattening properties), followed by wiping the fingertips with alcohol.
From the results of our studies it can be concluded that geopathic zones do cause stress in nearly all of the persons tested.
Such zones might cause distress (a€?malignant stressa€?) even when present for a short time, but there are also reports that (not scientifically proven) energetically stimulating zones (a€?positive energy zonesa€?) might exist, often also referred to as a€?power placesa€?. During the planning stage in construction of new buildings, the geopathy phenomenon should be taken into account, so as to consciously design and construct buildings and rooms in a manner that, in areas where people will stay for longer periods of time, geopathic exposure should be as low as possible. Therefore it makes sense to consult with a competent building environment engineer who has experience, skill and expertise in these matters.
Interestingly, these positive lifestyle choices may also show up indirectly and in the subconscious: even technically derived EMFs seem to have much less of a negative effect with people who prefer such an a€?awarea€? way of life. It is clear that the accumulation of different factors stress can have strong effects on humans, animals and even plants. One of the tests, taken in a care center for children displaying behavioral problems, additionally showed, among other changes, that the incidence of bedwetting [nocturnal enuresis] definitely decreased when the a€?Wavea€? was present, and that the learning ability and the quality of sleep changed for the better (unpublished findings). A serious athlete who doesna€™t sleep well before a competition is far from being as able-bodied as someone who has had a€?a good night's resta€?. When individuals feel better, they will perform better, and be healthier and happier at work too a€“ facts that would also have economic consequences. Parameters measured in saliva in parallel to GDV, such as IgA, alpha-amylase and cortisol, appear to change in level in direct relationship to the GDV mean area of glow.
From an extended vortex and field theory to a technical, biological and historical use of longitudinal waves.
Their findings usually provide shockingly different interpretations of the biological effects of natural conditions. Once I move past this zone, the striking radiation intensity can decrease, giving me a a€?normala€™ value again. In all three cases, the radioactivity coming from these items were several times higher than the law allows for workers in nuclear power plants a€“ and for a short period of time only. Some of the well- known mineral waters exist only because he found their origin deep in the earth.
They found water, which had the prophesied 17 degree hardness, and which flowed abundantly. You may have to make adjustments and modifications to this loss of electrical power procedure to suit the needs of your building.
Special Offer: For a 10% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference Book purchased as a single order. Hubs are good choices for small- or home-office networks, particularly if bandwidth concerns are minimal. Very advanced Ethernet switches, often known as routing switches, operate on OSI Layer 4 and route network traffic according to the application. The 600-ohm models are more rugged than low impedance models in that the higher resistance coils are less susceptible to burn out than low impedance models. Placing them on the inside of the image (ideally in an equilateral triangle) will create a more solid center image. So, "A" goes left with the woofer on the outside of your stereo image and speaker "B" goes right with its woofer on the outside of your stereo image. The Dubbing Stage must replicate this response so that the mix translates precisely to the Movie Theatre. EDID is defined by a standard published by the Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA). Connecting a line-level source (such as a CD player) to a mic-level input will cause the sound to be loud and distorted because the line signal is much stronger than what the mic input will accept.
Just as common, the knock-out blow had nothing to do with misuse - it was a momentary high-voltage spike or transient that hit the multimeter input without warning.
In the other method, called Alternative B, two wire pairs are used to transmit data, and the remaining two pairs are used for power.
The longer the run, the heavier gauge you will need to minimize power and damping factor loss. With the capability of high-definition 1080p images and audio up to distances of 330ft between transmitter and switch, then from switch to receiver, the HDMI over IP Extender kits exceed the standard distances of a point-to-point HDBaseT extender kit.
However, choosing the right equipment and frequencies for your application doesn't have to be a chore. With evolution wireless G3, building a reliable, interference-free multi-channel setup has never been easier! A small guitar amp can be just as effective for this application as a stack, because you dona€™t necessarily need to a€?cranka€? the volume.
Youa€™ll target the cabinet but youa€™ll also pick up the cabinet sound as ita€™s reflected in the room (fig.3).
If youa€™re looking for a big reverberant tone, placing the amp and microphone in the bathroom is another popular technique.
Using excessive amounts of IPA can also contribute to signal loss through a phenomenon know as a€?haloinga€?, which is thought to be caused by residual alcohol combining with ambient soils and moisture, resulting in a residue that can adhere to the end face. The hygroscopic nature of IPA combined with its relatively low volatility and intrinsically higher surface tension, can result in adhesion of microscopic particles to the end face surface.
This line includes the ASP-MG24, a 2x4 loudspeaker processor offering full DSP configuration of various crossover types, parametric EQ, compression, delay, and graphic EQ.
For instance you might want high capacity batteries when using on-camera lights or shoots needing long runtimes, medium capacity for regular shooting and a small lightweight battery as a backup or for low-power application needs. Fiber grooves may also be intentionally misaligned by several micronsa€”but only enough to slow the fiber optic signal to an acceptable rate as it travels down the cable.
However, when using maximum insertion loss values, patch cords will not likely have an impact. While vocalists may need to move about in order to hit those high notes, make every effort to maintain a constant distance from the microphone, as this will provide the greatest tonal balance. This will greatly increase your ability to achieve the most natural sounding recordings with minimal interference from plosive sounds. As defined in the ARRL (American Radio Relay League) Antenna Book, a€?The purpose of an antenna is to convert radio-frequency electric current to electromagnetic waves, which are then radiated into space.a€? Attached to a receiving device, antennas can also work in the reverse fashion, converting the electromagnetic wave back to an electric current. However, if we sleep in an area affected by geopathic stress, our body has to use all its energy just to keep its vital organs going.
Reports from other countries such as Switzerland, France, the Netherlands, Belgium and Scandinavia indicate that they too have been taking notice. Geopathic stress - or harmful earth rays - is natural radiation that rises up through the earth and is distorted by weak electromagnetic fields created by underground streams, certain mineral concentrations and fault lines. Foresight, the pre-conception care organisation, even suggests that couples trying for a baby should get their homes checked for geopathic stress and ensure that electrical equipment is not located under their beds as this can cause electromagnetic stress and deplete the immune system.a€?For many of us who fall sick and seek the help of a doctor a few minutes is spent discussing symptoms and lifestyle quickly followed by the doctor scribbling on a proscription pad. In order to rule out possible influences of man made electromagnetic or microwave disturbances at each location an independent report from an electromechanical engineer was requested for each chosen site. Other participants were also used from the Outpatients Department for Physical Therapy in the Rehabilitation Centre, Grobming and from the Surgery of Dr. This deterioration of the HFR was thought to be due to a€?Location loada€™ from the a€?Disturbed Zonea€™.
Hacker: Head, IGGMB - Research Institute for Frontier Questions of Medicine and Biotechnology, Landeskrankenhaus Salzburg, University Clinics of the Paracelsus Private Medical University, Salzburg Federal Clinics (SALK), Salzburg, Austria. In recent years, the expressions a€?geopathic stressa€? and a€?geopathic interference zonesa€? have been accepted internationally to describe the phenomenon. At present, for most aspects contained herein, only hypotheses can be formed - and there are many of them.
With Super-Conducting Quantum Interference Devices (SQUID), it is possible to quantify variations of one ten billionth [American English] of the earth's magnetic field. Certain ions and metals moved by water can a€“ depending on concentration, composition and flow rate a€“ can indeed lead to geoelectricity. If thus in a pipe a hydrodynamic flow vortex is produced, an electric and a magnetic vortex, the potential vortex and the eddy current, are the result (5). Although also present in tourmaline, topaz, cane sugar and Rochelle salt (sodium potassium tartrate tetrahydrate), the effect became particularly known for quartz. Vice versa, quartz can be triggered to oscillate by applying a voltage to it (a€?quartz oscillator crystala€?; in use for example in crystal controlled clocks). In the case of plasma waves, they are charged particles, and in the case of sound waves, they are air particles. Inside our body, there are the a€?intrinsica€? (internal) structures and molecules of the organism, which are either a€?resonatinga€? because of their physical nature (as with stringed instruments: compare the vibration of the string alone versus string with resonator sound box), or create a certain frequency themselves.
Such only a few nanometers sized processes have been discussed as possible sites of resonance induced by external EMFs, acting as a€?protein-antennasa€? (19).
The research was done in a special laboratory room that was completely shielded from the natural magnetic field of the earth by tons of steel.
But, if it would really be a relict, those particles would not exist in such a high quantity anymore.
Nonetheless, what these people achieved, and their courage, as well as of the publishers who rightly published their works, deserve high credits. Although successful in some areas addressed, the effects found had not the high statistical significance required, and the methodology used was not a generally accepted one, guaranteeing medical relevance and reproducibility.
For us, the mean a€?area-of-glowa€? was the best possible means for sensitively indicate stress.
In other words, a higher GDV mean area of glow value corresponds to a higher IgA level (to be understood as an sign for lower stress or relaxation), and a lower GDV mean area of glow value can be understood as an indication for higher levels of alpha-amylase, i.e. In the specific setup for the static GDV images used in our study, the overall GDV image area values calculated are to be understood as mean values of 50 single finger GDV images in total, per test period. A number of further statistical analyses were performed, also including distribution-independent tests. Such areas have been dowsed within some churches and other buildings constructed centuries or often thousands of years ago. Mental components are just as important: the more someone lives consciously, and even optimistically, in a state of positive thought, the less external stress factors can influence the person somatically. Possibilities to minimize the effects of geopathy on our organism in general have already been discussed above. Thus, for this practical reason it may be worth considering installing a device that has a balancing effect here. The results of our research are of great relevance for a€?wellness-centersa€? too: sustainable success in relaxation and stress management methods is essentially dependent upon the particular location of sleeping and of therapy beds. The number of staff on sick leave will probably decrease in the long run, when all employees work at geopathically (and otherwise also) more balanced work places.
Soon, we shall have completed those experiments testing a number of test persons sufficiently high for good-practice statistical examination. Petersburg Division of the Russian Ministry of Culture, State Editing and Publishing Unit a€?Kulturaa€™, Petersburg, pp 58a€“83 (1999). After hundreds of tests, I can say: With special ion meters (electronic instruments that measure the number of small ions in the air) you can detect increased measurement values above the area of a disturbance a€“ particularly in the range of positive air ions. My electro-geobioscopic measurements use test devices that are well tested in medicine: Aschoff, MORA, and Vega.
Its hard to change I know because Im in a world of electronics I wanna see if you have any material on. Galow specializes in residential construction including both new homes and repairs, renovations, and additions. Thanks to Alan Carson and Bob Dunlop, for permission for InspectAPedia to use text excerpts from The Home Reference Book & illustrations from The Illustrated Home. Because users connected to a switch do not have to share bandwidth, a switch offers relief from the network congestion a shared hub can cause. But we had to have a philosophy to build this speaker to, and the common wisdom (and technology) states tweeters in and woofers out.
Mid and highs being more directional should be spread out to give the listener a wider stereo image. Now a mix with the kick drum and bass guitar dead center (where the speakers arena€™t) should sound like you can close your eyes and reach out and touch them in that center space, where therea€™s no speaker! Note that the soundtracks for the release of movies on DVD's are re-mixed on flat response monitoring systems for reproduction in domestic environments.
The EDID includes manufacturer name and serial number, product type, phosphor or filter type, timings supported by the display, display size, luminance data and (for digital displays only) pixel mapping data.
Jacks marked phono are for phonograph turntables only, and are not compatible with anything else. That there are two different PoE power-transmission schemes isna€™t obvious to the casual user because PoE Powered Devices (PDs) are made to accept power in either format. Further distances can still be achieved by simply adding secondary LAN switches (330ft per switch).
Instead, you want to increase the ampa€™s initial gain to achieve the desired amount of overdrive. Manufacturers of cleaning devices sometimes misstate claims and rarely detail exactly how their products should be used or how they can be misused. Even after drying is apparently complete, these contaminants remain bonded to the end face surface and in a€?blinda€? areas such as the sides of ferrules, and within the bounds of generally accepted imperfections in the polished surface. Fixing plosives with audio editing software often creates more of a problem than the plosive itself.
This reciprocity is similar to the manner in which a loudspeaker can also function as a microphone when attached to an audio input. As a result our immune system becomes weakened, which means it has difficulty in absorbing nutrients or fighting off infections as efficiently as it should. Claims and counter claims abound regarding devises to achieve this, leaving the public in total confusion. The wave lengths of the disturbed natural radiation can seriously affect our health, causing cancer, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME) infertility and miscarriage. It may surprise you therefore, that in many European countries, Germany and Austria in particular, one ofA  the first questions the doctor may ask is about theA  location of your bed and how long have you been sleeping there. Most explanations tried concentrate on the existence of natural electromagnetic fields (EMFs) present at particular locations, a€?interferinga€? with the organisms. Overlapping, or a a€?build upa€? of resonance effects are also part of the geopathic phenomenon. With a proportion of 12 % of the upper eartha€™s crust, quartz is the most frequent mineral after feldspar.
In the case of resonance, both sources attract each other, which can be explained and calculated by the occurrence of field changes during that process (5). When experimentally irradiated by EMFs of frequencies in between about 1-2 GHz, they displayed a changing of conformation, respectively changing in their manner of oscillation, even when only very low field strengths had been applied (19). Magnetic particles in the brain could turn out to be one of the reasons why dowsing can work.
Furthermore, one can acquire a€?corona diagramsa€? in the manner of complementary medicine from the individual allocation of the a€?coronaa€? gas discharge from the different fingertips, following the principles of the energya€“meridian theory and of acupuncture. The exact test design, as well as the way how dowsers independently labeled the different zones in the laboratory test room, have been described in detail (24).
The glass plate surface of the GDV camera was cleaned using alcohol frequently, and it was taken care that none of the test persons had wet hands. The corona diagrams directed into a weakening of the energies of the immune system and the pineal organ (which might be understood as an indication of possible changes of the melatonin production) (compare to: 57-60), the cardiovascular and the urinary system in many of the test persons. The a€?Wavea€? device investigated in our study could therefore, by its balancing effect, not only aid in lowering of stress, but also be understood as a tool for disease prevention.
Concerning the a€?Wavea€? device especially interesting is the fact, that it substantially reduces stress in people on a€?neutral zonesa€? too, a finding which indicates that there is no real a€?neutral zonea€? existing. In the following, we will briefly show what addressing geopathy do affect health care facilities, public places, and economy. By inference, if these results are applied to public facilities in general, the a€?Wavea€? could probably have a number of desirable effects in schools, offices, banks, supermarkets, etc. Contrarily, at a€?highly burdeneda€? workplaces, performance will decrease, discontentment grows, and the vulnerability to diseases and the resulting rise of employees' illnesses will be greater. Ursula DEMARMELS-HACKER, for her love and support, and for abandoning many evenings and weekends of togetherness to find time for investigation and creation of this manuscript.
Carson Dunlop Associates' provides extensive home inspection education and report writing material. It is possible that a new-generation HDBaseT chipset will be required to support HDMI 2.0 capabilities. Improper Dry Cleaning can require corrective end face polishing and even jumper replacement. Read Atlas' guide to Protecting Compression Drivers for more ideas on how to save yourself time and money in the long run by protecting the driver(s) when it is installed.
The mixer, which drives the power amplifier, also receives its ground from the AC power cord.
Use of a pop filter will also protect your microphone's sensitive capsule - keeping it free from moisture caused by saliva projecting from the performer's mouth, and breath condensation.
From an incredible range of gadgets offered there are many tales about their ineffectiveness or of making the receiver feel much worse. These questions are routinely asked not only by several thousand doctors, but also many cancer specialist hospitals will recommend a Geopathic Surveyor or Geobiologist as they are often called to investigate your home before deciding on a course of therapy or reaching for the prescription pad. It was reckoned with over 95 a€“ percentile certainty that there is a location influence on the governing system of the circulation.
Many a€?specialistsa€? presume that the origin to be in the ground a€“ below the earth surface. Furthermore, technically generated EMFs are present on every place on earth; their likely influence on our health is presently the subject of intensive worldwide research. Whittaker already in 1904 showed mathematically that the known and accepted Laplace Wave Equation of the year 1787, besides indicating transversal electro-magnetic waves, also describes longitudinal scalar waves (15).
The magnetite-particles could also be visualized and further analyzed using a high-definition transmission electron microscope.
In any case, magnetite crystals in the brain could possibly be a hint to explain how (certain qualities of) geopathic zones may affect the body: Magnetite reacts more than one million times stronger to an external magnetic field than every other biological material. Using that particular aspect, we were able to indicate which organ systems of the body might be affected by geopathic stress. A third marker, saliva cortisol, although displaying its very own rhythmicity, also appears to fit into the concept that GDV could be reliably used for biophysical stress measurement (Hacker and Augner, unpublished results). Altogether, more than 137,000 individual fingertip GDV corona images were captured, interpreted by means of computer-aided image analysis and analyzed in detail using bio-statistics. For further calculations and analyses, the GDV Meridian Analysis and the GDV Diagram software (both with version no. The latter device had been mounted or de-mounted in another room at an upper floor, and neither the test persons nor the examiners could see if the device was present or not. The test persons were advised to keep their fingers still and relaxed during measurements and not to apply undue pressure when putting their fingers onto the glass plate at an angle of approximately 30-degrees to the instrument axis (28). If present for a prolonged time, however, eustress may soon turn to distress and thereby suppress the immune system.
We would therefore suggest using a terminology towards a a€?more geopathica€? and a€?geologically more neutrala€? zone in this context. Johanns-Hospital, so far, more than 50 a€?Wavea€? devices have been installed to harmonize critical locations - especially in the intensive care unit and in the entire surgical ward), and at other major hospitals (e.g. Thus, especially in already existing establishments, the purposeful placement of a€?Wavea€? devices can be of great benefit.
The aggregate economic success of a company or institution can very well be in the balance; responsible (and visionary) managers should take heed of the results of our studies in their plans and act accordingly. Petersburg Division of Russian Ministry of Culture, State Editing and Publishing nit, a€?Kulturaa€™, pp 84a€“108 (1999).
Special Offer: For a 5% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference eBook purchased as a single order. For now, many manufacturers are introducing HDBaseT products that can support 4K video within HDMI 1.4. For example, when using a Dry Cleaning technique, the recommended a€?twist and turna€? scrubbing motion applied to the dusty end face can result in scratches that can induce signal loss or signal deterioration.
When the audio cable connects the mixer to the power amplifier the amplifier now sees a second ground from the mixer.
There are many products on the market that claim to cure some or all geopathic zones of its noxious energy. However, if we sleep in an area affected by geopathic stress, our body has to use all ita€™s energy just to keepA  vital organs going.
The search, using both dowsing methods to locate geopathic energies and scientific instruments to detect man made electromagnetic energies willA  determine whether your illness is linked to geopathic stress electromagnetic stress or both. Frequencies in between about 0,1 Hz up to the GHz-range are being suggested in public literature. The most exciting result of those experiments was that, most of the regions of the brain appear to contain about five million biogenous a€?single-domaina€? magnetite crystals per gram wet weight on average, and the meninges (pia and dura mater) contain even more than 100 million.
Recently, in the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, an article describes possible roles that magnetic ferrous amalgamations could play in neurological disease (21). The accordant calculations and projections were done interactively using specific software for analysis, based on the energy-emission-analysis according to Mandel (47-48), the Su-Jok-System of acupuncture (49) and clinical data of thousands of test persons from the St. In order to minimize chronobiologic influences to a sensible degree, the experiments were carried out only in forenoons, and also in that respect, phase randomization in time was an important prerequisite (24). As already stated above, technical fields and noxae [nocent influences] of different kinds are present everywhere on earth. In the workplace and in the home: this is only part of the whole picture, because a€?ready to goa€? or rested and productive employers and employees should also be able to benefit at peace and harmony at home. So you get a more solid image of your sound in between the speakers where the sound is and the speakers are not. The a€?figure-8 motiona€?, used for end face polishing, should never be used for end face cleaning. Good microphone technique, proper positioning, and use of a pop filter can make all the difference between a so-so vocal recording and a great one.
Most of these claims are quite dubious and do not stand up to the most rudimental scientific testing. As a result our immune system becomes weakened, which means it doesna€™t absorb nutrients or fight off infections effectively. If so, you will be advised how to avoid or eliminate these harmful energies from your home so you stand a better chance of responding to any treatment given.
In our following attempts at explanation, we will concentrate on natural sources possibly originating from the a€?grounda€?, i.e. As we could show, the a€?Wavea€? device in fact can help, and its exceptional promise as a preventive measure is of great interest.
Gerfried BRANDSTETTER (manager of the science department of the Salzburg federal government); Landeshauptfrau Mag. On most Crown amplifiers there is a "ground lift " switch on the back of the amplifier that performs this function and can be used to eliminate hum caused by ground loops.
Fortunately there are now a growing number of dowsers that are equipped with scientific monitoring instruments that can test such claims. To locate geopathic stress dowsers visit land, offices and homes where theyA  seekA  the location of underground streams, geological faults or the eartha€™s natural grid lines.
For Constant Voltage systems such as a 70.7V or 140V systems, the voltage is high and the current is low. The figure-8 motion is a polishing procedure, which is not intended for use in routine cleaning. If you are using a cable service, such as cable TV, and you are routing the audio through your stereo system, you may experience a ground loop hum. This is a result of the cable company's ground reference setting different than your system ground reference.
However, for thousands of years people from all over the world have been finding underground water for wells and mineral deposits to mine by dowsing methods. You can contact your cable company and get an isolation transformer that will take care of the problem. Remember ita€™s the energy from the water and other artefacts that they first respond to as it rises from deep beneath the ground to the surface.



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Comments

  1. mcmaxmud
    The Zombie/Myan apocalypse, Gerber has will turn it on and re-heat some coffee in the middle of the.
  2. gagash
    Military as well as the civilian sector and made.