Geothermal Electricity Production And WaterGeothermal Electricity Production and Water Corrie Clark, PhD. Geothermal 101: Basics Of Geothermal Energy Production And UseAlthough more emphasis is given in this report to geothermal electricity production, other applications such as geothermal heat pumps and direct heating uses are also covered. World Geothermal Power Generation 2001 – 2005Geothermal Production 8,030 MWe running capacity and electric energy production of nearly 57,000 gigawatt-hours (GWh) and in geothermal electricity generation over the last 10 years. Small Geothermal Generator : How to Build a Small-Scale Hydroelectric Generator – Mar 09, 2010 · In this case, the best way to produce electricity is represented by a small-scale hydroelectric generator made at home.
Geothermal Electricity Production: Geothermal Electricity Production And WaterGeothermal Electricity Production and Water Corrie Clark, PhD. Save Money On Your Home Heating Bills With Geothermal Energy: We are all looking for the least expensive electricity and natural gas prices. Geothermal Heating Cooling: Geothermal Heat PumpsGeothermal Heat Pumps Introduction and How it Works The latest trend in residential heating and cooling is the installation of geothermal heat pumps. First stage consists into making the waste dissolvable by the enzymes secreted from micro organisms.
Then, the acid forming bacteria takes action and transforms these substances into small-structured substances like acetic acid. Hydrolysis stage: Long chained complex carbohydrates proteins oils and lipids are transmuted into short chained forms. Acid formation stage: The dissolvable organic materials are transformed into small-structured materials as acetic acid volatile fatty acids hydrogen and carbon dioxide. Methane formation: The stage of acetic acid disintegration or hydrogen and carbon dioxide synthesis to acquire biogas by bacteria. The effects of heat: Methanogenic bacteria are inactive at very high or very low temperatures.
The effects of PH: The most suitable PH levels for methane producing bacteria are neutral or have slightly alkali rates.
The effects of toxicity: Antibiotic addition to foods in chicken farming has a toxicity effect in chicken compost using systems in biogas production. The effects of organic load speed: Organic load speed is daily organic material supply amount to bioreactors. The most important factors are the economical wastes’ worth and their biogas efficiency.
In our country animal and herbal wastes are burned directly or they are used as compost agricultural soil.
Biogas production provides storage or organic wastes under controllable-suitable conditions.
Fermenter: most important component where bacteria decompose organic substances into biogas.

Combined heat and power plant: cleaning, removal of sulphides, electricity production and network supply.
The federal government promotes renewable energy use and measures to conserve energy through the credit institute for reconstruction (KfW) and the Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA). Biogas plants can be run as a single generator where a farmer uses the own organic substances or in large community plants supplied by many farmers.
Usage In Heating: acquired biogas is burned by a burner and the gained heat is used in houses, animal stables, greenhouses and inside the facility. Usage In Lighting: Biogas can be used in LPG-using lamps by burning directly and also by transforming into electricity. Preparing Hot Water: We can use biogas to provide hot water at home and industrial need and also for geyser and other water heater systems. Usage In Internal Combustion Engine: Biogas can be used in vehicles as an alternative fuel to common energy sources. Electricity Production: Espacially in medium and large facilities, biogas is used in electric generators.
The usage of biogas in cogeneration facilities, where both heat and electricity can be produced, is becoming more and more common. Also, the levels of corbondioxide and hydrogen sulphur of biogas can be decreased to acceptable levels.
The anaerobic reactor number in the European countries are increasing every year this is why it is hard to make a comparative analysis covering all European countries. The Works on biogas in Turkey have been done for many years by The Ankara Research Institute Directorate of Rural Areas and after being stopped in 1986, no institutional activity was found, but interest of the stockbreeding companies to form a biogas plant is still increasing.
There must be more researches about many topics concerning biogas in order to make biogas technology applicable and to achieve success from the investments in this field.
Researches done up until now have provided a good amount of information, but this is not enough. The researching of social economical effects on biogas production technology on rural areas.
Especially in the last years, the increasing of fuel costs in Turkey has been affecting the poor section of the public economically. In this system, the gases that are formed in the collection field are collected by an active collection system and burned by being sent to gas motors and then electricity and heat are produced. The waste gas that is formed in the collection areas is 20 times more effective than the greenhouse effect (the effect to heat up the atmosphere) of the carbon dioxide. The facility that has the capacity of 4 MW of built power produces about 8 000 000 kWh of electricity energy and the energy that is produced is given to the interconnect system. The start of construction of the plant was in June 2007 and it is expected to be finished by March 2008, then the gas processing plant can be used.

After all the less we spend on our fuel bills the more we have left over for the pleasures in life. The selected technology takes effects in production efficiency and costs as well as in investment costs.
The uncontrolled storage of farm originated organic wastes-composts pollutes water earthy and the air. Biogas stoves, hot water cauldrons or steam cauldrons are generally used in this systems.
It has been detected that in 1994, there were 397 industrial anaerobic purification facilities (Nyns, 1994). Because the poor section can not afford these fuels, they prefer to use wood so this causes to reduce the forestall areas which are already insufficient.
By this, in this system, we overcome the problems of the uncontrolled gases without harming the environment and we decrease the risk of explosion.
The gases that come out from the collection area will, in time decrease and in 10 years, supply approximately 1 500 houses’ electricity need. About 12,000 tonnes of organic substances will be converted to 2.5 million cubic meters of biogas within a year and finally be fed into the power system. The discounts or limitations on these energy sources by local executives change the convenience of biogas economy.
The biogas purification before usage is important to eliminate corroding hydrogen sulphur (H2S) and carbon dioxide. In addition to heat and electric production, biogas can be used in trigeneration applications, which can help the idle capacity to be used in hot seasons, when the load of volumetric heating is especially increased but the cooling need is increased, including an absorbing cooling unit in the system. With this number, comparing analysis’s have been done, adding the number of anaerobic purification facilities in Turkey. This is why proper Works and investments should be done on new alternative energy sources. This amount is sufficient to supply a number of 600 single-family – houses with energy. It must be calculated how these investments will pay back and how these values will effect the investment’ cost. The forecast for 2007 is a total number of 3.900 installations which together generate an electrical output of 1300 MW.

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