Make sure that your first aid contains bandages, safety pins, soap, gloves, scissors, needles, antiseptic, thermometers, and some other things that you think is necessary. It is also necessary to place things like radio, extra-batteries, paper cups, plates, plastic utensils, flashlight, utility knives, pliers, tape, aluminum foil, plastic storage containers, signal flare, and medicine dropper. For sanitation purposes, you should have toilet paper, feminine supplies, disinfectant, soap or liquid detergent, plastic garbage bags, and plastic bucket with tight lid. Your documents are also considered important, so you should spend time in keeping them close to you always, in case there would be emergencies. As mentioned earlier, your emergency preparedness kit should include things that are necessary for the special needs of some of your family members like babies or older persons.
7.     Creating a bug-out kit for your family that contains mobile emergency supplies should come with your home-based supplies.
10.   After you are done with your preparation work, you can rotate survival kit items because they have expiration dates. We recommend updating your browser to one of the following for an optimal experience on the web.
If an emergency could impact employees, customers or the workplace itself, do you have a plan for how business operations might continue?
According to a 2010 study by Forrester Research, 7% of businesses did not have plans to develop a formal business continuity plan in the event of disaster, although 14% of businesses had plans to develop a plan within six to 12 months. Unfortunately, 90% of business can fail within a year if operations shut down for five days or more.
Chemical releases and spills, which may require the use of protective clothing, gloves and goggles. Review your area’s history —Review a Hazard Vulnerability Assessment (HVA) from a local emergency management agency to determine what emergencies have occurred in the past.
Consider your building and location —Consider your facility’s physical capacity to withstand damage and proximity to hazards such as seismic faults, hazardous materials, nuclear power plants, flood plains and dams. Know your Achilles’ heel — Are there particular dangers that could be particularly damaging to your business?
Understand your insurance coverage — Consult with insurance companies to ensure you have proper coverage for disasters likely to impact your business, including liability and property insurance. Document valuable business assets — It’s wise to take an inventory of valuable business assets before anything gets damages, including make, model, serial number and purchase price.
Employees — This requires an examination of chain of command, leave policies, sick-day policies and communication infrastructure. Vendors and suppliers — Keep contact numbers for vendors on hand and consider plans for any disruption in product distribution.
Customers or clients — Keep contact numbers for customers on hand and ensure there’s a plan in place for any interruption in service.
A designated leadership structure — During emergency situations, you need a clear chain of command. Considerations for those with special needs —Your plan should address the needs of anyone with disabilities or medical conditions. Communication — You will need to communicate with employees, families and the media during and after an emergency.
A place for employees to assemble — After evacuation, your employees should know where to meet and have shelter during extreme weather.
Equipment and supplies — You should identify what may be useful during an emergency, as well as the names of people who you can call for repairs. A list of people and resources — Establish an emergency number so employees can check in after an emergency. Emergency drills — At least once a year, make sure employees know what to do in the event of an emergency. A business continuity plan, also called a Continuity of Operations Plan (COOP), is key to proper emergency preparedness for businesses. Designate employees to develop the plan — Involve co-workers from all levels, including managers and employees with technical skills, to comprise an emergency management team. Identify essential business functions — Ensure you have the staff to carry out these functions. Establish procedures with suppliers and vendors — For those critical to daily operations, your plan should cover what to do in the event of an emergency. Protect vital equipment — The plan should outline what needs to be done to protect business-critical equipment. Set up an electronic backup system — Your plan should cover how to protect vital business records, ensuring arrangements are made for offsite storage or placing items in a fire safe.
Maintain an updated list of vendors and customers — You need to know who to notify of any interruptions in work. Train employees — It’s important that employees understand the types of emergencies that can occur and know what to do when they do. Practice your plan — It’s extremely important to conduct regular evacuation drills as well as COOP activation, shelter-in-place procedures and medical emergency responses. Identify a planning committee or first aid team —These individuals will help design an effective emergency plan. Obtain necessary safety equipment such as disaster preparedness equipment — You should gather items needed for emergency preparedness.

Ensure emergency backup power and lighting — Portable battery backup should permit the limited use of equipment during loss of electric power.
Take precautions against fire — To protect against fires, install smoke detectors, fire extinguishers and an automatic sprinkler system. Use a backup generator — Consider installing a fixed or portable generator powered by diesel, gasoline, propane or natural gas. While having a well-thought-out plan in place is crucial, it will mean nothing if your employees are not well prepared. You should also encourage employees to consider alternative routes when entering and exiting the facility, and keep emergency preparedness kits at work. American Red Cross — For assistance in assessing the emergency preparedness of your business, you might consider the American Red Cross Reading Rating, a 1-2-3-point self-assessment of preparedness to reveal areas for improvement. — This site offers a sample business emergency plan, along with advice on how to build disaster kits and prepare for emergencies.
FEMA — FEMA also provides resources on emergency preparedness in addition to disaster specific information. Small Business Administration — If you’re a small-business owner, the Small Business Administration offers tips on preparing for disaster and other helpful information.
OSHA — You can access an eTool to help small, low-hazard services and retail businesses implement emergency action plans. Whether you’re working on a small-business emergency response plan, or you’re a large corporation, Warren CAT can help.
Any major disaster could temporarily overwhelm Police, Fire and Ambulance and First Responders. There are many daily conveniences that we all take for granted; running water, electricity, gas, telephones, getting cash from an ATM machine, or even running to the grocery store to pick up milk and bread.
All of us face the possibility of natural disasters, accidents, power outages or intentional acts to disrupt our daily lives.
Preparedness is a continuous cycle of planning, organizing, training, equipping, exercising, evaluation and improvement activities to ensure effective coordination and the enhancement of capabilities to prevent, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate the effects of natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters. In the preparedness phase, emergency managers develop plans of action to manage and counter their risks and take action to build the necessary capabilities needed to implement such plans.
Proper maintenance and training of emergency services, including mass human resources such as Community Emergency Response Teams. Learn how to prepare for your family and at your workplace, explore many links to resources and see what to do for your pets. It should always be packed in a way that it will be accessible for you and your family when the inevitable happens. If you have a baby, an older person, or a pet, you should include the necessary things that they would need.
Adding non-prescription drugs like pain relievers, antacid, anti-diarrhea medicines, laxatives, syrup of Ipecac, and activated charcoal is also necessary.
You could add other supplies that you think may be necessary for your emergency preparedness kit. You should pack sturdy shoes or work boots that you should keep near your bed at all times, rain gear, blankets and sleeping bags, warm clothing, and sunglasses.
Documents that you should be packing should include will, contracts deeds, insurance policies, stocks and bonds, bank account numbers, passports, social security cards, immunization records, family records such as birth, marriage and death certificates, important telephone numbers and credit card account numbers. Research shows that survival is 90 percent psychology, so it means that being mentally and emotionally unprepared will lower your odds of survival.
Of course, it is normal to be afraid but when you are prepared, you can deal with anything more efficiently. So, you should create a custom-made survival plan for your family so they will know what to do. By the simple activity of tent camping with your family, you can teach them the necessary things they need to know. It requires plenty of preparation before problems occur, the right response while facing those problems, recover procedures to address damage and mitigation strategies to reduce damage from the next disaster. Following an emergency preparedness plan will not only protect employees and infrastructure, but it also should mitigate damage. Take notice of what the policy covers and what it excludes, considering any and all deductibles limiting coverage for a loss. Also, consider recommending disaster preparedness measures to vendors since a disaster shutting down a key supplier can be devastating to your business. This may require first identifying co-workers with special needs and also engaging them in emergency planning. Evacuation coordinators can account for all employees, visitors and customers using a roster or checklist.
You should educate employees on where to locate medical supplies and training them on basic medical care, such as CPR.
You should keep a stock of basic repair items, as well as create realtionships with repair companies so you know you're covered.
A good way to go about this is to have department members check in with their immediate supervisors and then have supervisors report to one central person.
This will also help test the effectiveness of existing procedures to determine if changes are needed.

It should help keep the business operating while experiencing an emergency or disaster and while recovering from an emergency. Ensure that people understand individual responsibilities and there are others who can assist as backup. While many companies now use the Cloud for storage, a physical location is also helpful in case an online system isn’t accessible.
The top 10 emergency preparedness items include first-aid kits, fire extinguishers, smoke detectors, Automatic External Defibrillators (AEDs) and shelter-in-place supplies such as sanitation supplies, portable battery-powered radios (e.g. Additionally, you should consider having portable light towers ready to ensure lighting needs are covered.
A commercial generator can decrease business interruption during a power outage, although they will need to be refueled periodically during long power outages. The SBA has a disaster recovery loan program to provide capital to get through the recovery process. Both the Red Cross and FEMA recommend that you try to be self-sufficient for at least 72 hours (3 days) following a disaster. Power outages can close grocery stores, put ATM machines out of order and prevent you from doing simple things like putting gasoline in your car.
We cannot control the weather or prevent disasters from happening, but there are steps you can take to minimize risks from known hazards. Professional emergency workers are rapidly overwhelmed in mass emergencies so trained, organized, responsible volunteers are extremely valuable. Past emergency situations have probably given people the wake-up call and surely, it has taught you something. Being safe should be your priority, yes, but you should also need food, clothing, water, and first aid.
Storing instant food like canned goods should always be your priority because these will not require too much preparation. It doesn’t even have to be an earthquake or large-scale power outage to have drastic consequences. Depending on the location of your business, however, some potential emergencies are much more likely than others. Getting a business valuation could mean getting paid more when disaster strikes, since it makes it easier for insurers to make more accurate determinations of loss. A large company may need a more extensive emergency management organization to coordinate evacuations.
Make it easy for people to locate stairways, exits, fire escapes, fire extinguishers, hazardous material, restricted areas, fire hydrants, utility valves and utility shutoffs.
Since it can take weeks to restore a facility after a disaster, it helps to consider alternatives facilities to house the business. You should consider backing up tax returns, bank statements, financial statements, accounting records, insurance policies, employee contracts, site maps, asset records and records of corporate meetings. Employees should be responsible for the knowing their role during a disaster and being aware of evacuation procedures.
Generators are ideal for short-term blackouts to keep critical systems running until normal power returns. Don’t connect generator outlets into wall outlets and never use them indoors since they require proper ventilation. The device will be wired directly into the business using a transfer switch, which will reconnect wiring back to the utility lines upon restoration of power.
Organizations like Community Emergency Response Teams and the Red Cross are ready sources of trained volunteers. Whether you are expecting to face a storm, a tsunami, a typhoon, flood, or even an earthquake, emergency preparedness is necessary.
At least one gallon per person of water should be prepared and another gallon if you have pets. Get flood insurance if your business is located in a potential flood zone and ensure that computer equipment and data are covered under a policy.
Identify records that must be accessible to perform essential functions and ensure you can continue meeting payroll. You also should ensure you’re installing antivirus software and firewalls, as well as updating system protection regularly. A portable generator, on the other hand, can be moved to different locations based on power needs.
All individuals should at least anticipate these events and plan their actions when it happens. Business interruption insurance will cover costs necessary to ensure the business survives. Hook-and-loop fasteners can be used to keep more valuable items such as computers from falling.

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