Electricity is a form of energy, associated with electric charge and atomic particles such as electrons and protons.
Electromagnetism or electromagnetic force is a science of charge and of the forces and fields associated with charge. To understand the relation between the electricity and magnetism, we will discuss that how electromotive force gets induced due to the change in magnetic flux. This current, which is produced in the coil connected to the galvanometer, is called as induced current. Mathematically,$\epsilon \propto$ $\frac {d\phi}{dt}$= $(\frac{\phi_{2}-\phi_{1}}{t})$ Where,$\frac {d\phi}{dt}$ is the rate of change in magnetic flux. This is the most important formula which states the relation between electricity and magnetism.
Magnetism is a property associated with the materials which respond to the applied magnetic field.
Antiferromagnetic materials spontaneously align themselves at relatively low temperatures into opposite, or antiparallel, arrangements throughout the material so that it exhibits almost no gross external magnetism. When the conductor is exposed to the changing magnetic field, the changing magnetic field can cause the circulating flow of the electrons or the circulating flow of the current, which flow within the body of the conductor.
In 1831, the famous scientist Faraday discovered that whenever the number of magnetic lines of force or magnetic flux passing through the circuit changes, an emf is produced. The motion of the magnet in either direction causes a change in strength of the magnetic field linked with the coil and this causes a current to be induced in the coil. It is evident from Faraday's law that whenever there is a change in the magnetic flux passing through a closed circuit, an electric current is induced in the circuit. When current builds up or varies in a coil, the flux change leads to induced emf in the same coil. Induction heating is the process of heating an electrically conducting object or a metal by electromagnetic induction, where eddy currents are generated within the metal and resistance leads to Joule heating of the metal.
Absence of pollution from source of heating .Able to produce heat to very higher level efficientlyAbsence of thermal Inertia ( rapid start up ) .
Almost everything we do, apart from sleeping in the dark, relies on electromagnetic induction.
To integrate the flux model with today’s explanation of magnetic effects in terms of magnetic field strength, this can be thought of in terms of a flux density, being represented by the concentration of magnetic field lines. KEY POINT - The magnetic flux, ?, through an area, A, is defined as the product of the magnetic field strength and the area normal to the field.
Magnetic flux is measured in webers (Wb) where 1 Wb is the flux through an area of 1 m2 normal to a uniform field of strength 1 T.
This definition relates the equivalence of the modern concept of magnetic field strength to that of the older ‘flux density’ concept. In a power station, electricity is generated by an electromagnet spinning inside copper coils. An aircraft flying in a North–South direction is cutting across the vertical component only, while flying East–West involves cutting across the horizontal component in addition.

All the charged particles experience a force due to their movement through a magnetic field, but the force is too weak to affect anything other than the free electrons.
The direction of the induced current is reversed by reversing the magnet or its direction of movement.
If the induced current was in the opposite direction, it would attract the magnet into the coil and generate electricity with no energy input. Lenz’s law is a re-statement of the principle of conservation of energy; the induced current opposes the motion of the magnet so work has to be done to move the magnet against the induced magnetic field. Iron is easily magnetised; its magnetic domains contribute to the strength of the magnetic field.
A transformer constructed from lowresistance coils on a laminated iron core is close to ideal. The fundamental particle electrons and protons carry negative and positive charges which are the reason for electricity.
When electricity and magnetism are studied together, the effect of changing magnetic field is very important. Faraday and Henry performed lots of experiments to learn about the connection between electricity and magnetism.
It means that whenever a current was induced in the coil there is a relative motion between the coil and the magnet. The induced currents direction, when the current builds up in the other coil was opposite to that when the current reduced opposite to that when the current reduced. These four Formulas are Gauss Law, Gauss Law in Magnetism, Faraday’s Law and Amperes Maxwell Law. They normally travel parallel to the coil's winding and the flow is limited to the area of the inducing magnetic field. Induction heating works on the principle on production of induced electric current within a magnetic field. Induction is used to generate electricity in power stations and to transform its voltage as it passes through the distribution system. Although the existence of flux has long been discredited, an awareness of its meaning is useful to understand the laws of induction as set out by Faraday and Lenz. Magnetic field patterns are used to show the forces that are exerted around a magnet or electric current. Flux density is the flux per unit area so flux is now defined in terms of the magnetic field strength and the area that the field permeates.
This can be due to a conductor moving through a magnetic field or a conductor being in a fixed position within a changing magnetic field, such as that due to an alternating current. In an ideal transformer there is no energy loss in the wires or the core so the power output from the secondary is equal to the power input to the primary and the currents are in the inverse ratio to the voltages. Michael Faraday and Joseph Henry in the year 1831 independently proved that electromotive force gets induced in a closed circuit due to changing magnetic field. The results of these experiments have led to the life styles of today's men, who made life easy by using lots of electrical applications.

The magnitude of the current depended on the strength of the magnet and also on the magnitude of their relative velocity.
If we consider the electrical nature of the Diamagnetic material we will find that it does not have unpaired electrons because of which bulk effect is not produced by the magnetic moments of the electrons. This property of the materials is called antiferromagnetism and the materials which exhibit this are called antiferromagnetic materials. It is a process which is used to bond, harden or soften metals or other conductive materials.
These forces are exerted without any physical link between the magnet or current that causes the field and a magnetic material or current placed within the field.
In Britain the Earth’s field makes an angle of 20° with the vertical, see the following diagram. As the aircraft travels through the air, the movement of these electrons forms a current in the opposite direction to that of flight.
When current passes in a coil, the magnetic field is similar to that of a bar magnet, the North pole being the end where the current passes anticlockwise. The particles neutrons and protons are present in the nucleus while electrons are moved around the nucleus.
Electromotive force or current also gets induced when a closed loop of wire or conductor is moved under the influence of magnetic field. This induced emf and the induced current lasts as long as the change in the magnetic flux continues. If another coil is brought near the first coil, the changes in the magnetic flux of the first coil produces similar changes in the second. As supported by the Pauli exclusion principle, compound atoms of the elements have some inner electron shells that are incomplete, causing their unpaired electrons to spin like tops and orbit like satellites, thus making the atoms a permanent magnet tending to align with and hence strengthen an applied magnetic field.
Electricity is both a basic part of nature and one of our most widely used forms of energy.
Magnetic forces, on the other hand, are produced only by moving charges and act solely on charges in motion. We see electricity in the example lightning which is a spark or flash light.Electricity dominates many parts of the world.
Ferromagnetic materials also have unpaired electrons and exhibit a long-range ordering phenomenon at the atomic level which causes the unpaired electrons spin and maintain a parallel orientation to each other even if we remove the applied field.
After the temperature the ferromagnetic materials lose their ferromagnetic properties, because of the disorder due to the high temperature.
When electricity gathers in one place it is known as static electricity (meaning something that does not move); electricity that moves from one place to another is called current electricity.

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