Michael Faraday (FAIR uh day) was born September 22, 1791 in Newington England, near London. When Michael was young he asked questions continually to the point that his teachers and his father wanted him to stop questioning, but his curiosity was endless. When he was 15 years old he worked as an errand boy for a man who was a bookbinder and bookseller. After seven years as an apprentice he had to decide whether he was going to be a bookbinder or a scientist and philosopher. Faraday had an opportunity to work with Sir Humphrey Davy, one of the greatest scientists of the day. Sir Davy was so impressed with Faraday's work he invited the young man to accompany him on an expedition to Europe.
Upon their return to England Faraday was promoted to "Assistant and Superintendent of the Apparatus of the Laboratory and Mineralogical* Collection". In 1821 he began to investigate electromagnetism.* That year he produced the very first electric motor with a wire turning around a magnet.
Through the church he met Sarah Barnard who would cause him to change his mind about not marrying. Faraday was an admirer of Benjamin Franklin and the experiments he had done with electricity.
He was offered a professorship of chemistry at the University of London, but he turned it down. Actually Joseph Henry in America had reached the same conclusions before Faraday, but had not published them, so Faraday usually gets the credit for inventing the dynamo.* Henry however went further into developing the idea, making the first telegraph system using electromagnetism.


Faraday's experiments paved the way for the modern use of electrolysis* which is used to extract aluminum and copper from ore. He served as a consultant about the lighthouses and worked for methods of improving the lighting of the harbors. His experiments began to take so much of his time he didn't have time to earn a living by consulting. When he was 50 years old he suffered a nervous breakdown and for a while had to have complete bed rest. He declined an offer to be the president of the Royal Society, and also an offer of knighthood was refused because he felt such accolades* were contrary to his religious beliefs and his sense of humility.
In 1861 he retired because his memory was so poor, and he and Sarah moved to a house in Hampton Court which Queen Victoria provided for them. You have Faraday to thank when your doctor orders an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scan. Wherever electricity is generated today we have Michael Faraday to thank for the invention of the first electrical motor and the dynamo which makes it possible.
Michael Faraday was a devout Christian, a Biblical literalist, and a lifelong member of the Sandemanians. Faraday was introduced to nitrous oxide by his mentor Humphry Davy, ex-Superintendant of Thomas Beddoes' Pneumatic Institution. Making books in those days was a tedious, time-consuming task as everything had to be done by hand.
He became a laboratory assistant at the Royal Institution where he was given a salary and also a place to live.


In his eagerness he published a paper, not waiting to talk to William Hyde Wollaston who had also been working on the same idea, but had not published anything about it.
The only person opposing his election was his former teacher Sir Humphrey Davy, who seemed to be jealous of the fame his former student enjoyed, but he later had a change of heart and suggested that Faraday be appointed director of the laboratory at the Royal Institution. The Sandemanians were a breakaway Presbyterian sect which held that Christ's world was exclusively spiritual. Faraday recognised that the inhalation of either nitrous oxide gas or ether vapour, despite their obvious differences, exerted functionally very similar effects on consciousness. However, that idea was soon abandoned and the Royal Institution became a scientific society. This presumptuousness* on his part caused a rift between Faraday and the other scientists.
His health rallied and he made a remarkable recovery and was able to work another 17 years, but not at the level he had previously achieved. After securing menial work at the Royal Institution, Faraday went on to discover electromagnetic induction, the battery and the dynamo. Riebau, the owner, took him on as an apprentice without charge because the boy showed such promise. He did pioneering work in electrochemistry, isolated benzene and produced aluminium by electrolysis.



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