The random sampling investigations involving, From 2005 2012 24% investigations involving seeb related possession cam. Md anderson investigating researcher bharat aggarwal , Oi oi, rafa… proper investigation . Stalking harassment procedure - north yorkshire police, This procedure part north yorkshire police 2 pha showing stage preparation prosecution case. Chapter 4 - metal defects manual - identification , Metal can defects manual - identification and classification chapter 4 - can examination and evaluation procedures this page is part of the guidance document. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is dedicated to safeguarding food, animals and plants, which enhances the health and well-being of Canada's people, environment and economy. The CFIA is committed to a process of continuous improvement and will review the CFIA Framework for Food Safety Investigation and Response (the framework) every two years with the aim of continuously meeting the current operating environment. This framework has been developed to provide guidance with respect to the CFIA operational activities relating to food safety investigation and response.
While the Agency's food safety investigation procedure and associated processes are consistent regardless of the trigger or event, the governance and management structures may be different, depending on the complexity, magnitude, and potential impact of the event. The framework applies to CFIA food safety investigations and response and some non food safety investigations, such as extensive food spoilage or foreign material contamination, where the potentially implicated food product is in the Canadian market place.
The framework is part of a suite of CFIA guidance documents including: the Area Operations Framework for Food Safety Investigation and Response, the Food Investigation and Response Manual, the Compliance and Enforcement Operational Policy, the Food Complaint Policy and the Food Complaint Manual (the latter under development). The purpose of this framework is to describe the Agency's overall approach to food safety investigations and response. The following principles will guide the CFIA's activities related to food safety investigation and response. The accountability for food safety investigations and responses, including recalls, rests with the Vice-President of Operations.
The functions and duties of the Vice-President Operations, relating to food safety investigations are exercised by the CFIA Area Executive Directors (ED) through personnel authorized by legislation.
When an issue is referred to the OFSR, the Executive Director of the OFSR is responsible and accountable for the coordination and consistency of decision-making related to the outcome of the food safety investigation. The Executive Director of OFSR is responsible for consistent decision-making for food safety recalls.
Additionally, as the primary point of contact with Health Canada (HC) during a food safety investigation, the OFSR is responsible for formulating requests for Health Risk Assessments, Hazard Characterizations and Advisory Opinions from Health Canada.
Identifies and characterizes micro-organisms using Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE) testing for Salmonella, Listeria, E. Provides testing support for other agencies on a case by case basis during food safety investigations.
CFIA Legal Services provide legal advice upon request to CFIA officials during both mandatory and voluntary recall processes. In 2008, a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between Health Canada, the PHAC and the CFIA was finalized. Health Canada's Health Products and Food Branch (HPFB) is responsible for establishing health, safety and nutritional standards for foods and provides Health Risk Assessments associated with microbiological, chemical, extraneous material, nutritional and allergen hazards to the CFIA. During food safety or foodborne illness outbreak investigations there are various federal government departments and agencies that may be involved in a collaborative response depending on the issue and jurisdiction.
The governance structure identifies the decision making points and the linkages during a food safety investigation where a potential health risk has been identified and the product is in distribution. The inter-branch consultative process and governance formalizes the discussions among Agency colleagues during routine food safety investigations and subsequent development of risk management options.
In the event that the routine inter-branch collaborative process is not sufficient to address a complex food safety issue, the Food Safety Investigation Review Committee (FSIRC) is engaged and, in circumstances requiring sustained engagement by CFIA's senior management, the Senior Food Safety Committee (SFSC) is engaged.
The FSIRC, chaired by the ED, OFSR, may be convened in the event of a complex food safety issue requiring additional effort to ensure a common understanding and agreement on the risk management options and decisions. If an agreement is not reached on an issue, the issue will be referred to the SFSC for a decision.
The SFSC, chaired by the Chief Food Safety Officer, may be convened in the event of a high profile or complex food safety issue requiring the attention of the Office of the President. This diagram is a flow chart showing the inter-branch consultative process and governance that occurs among Agency colleagues that may be utilized, as needed, during routine and non-routine food safety investigations. In the event of a national food safety emergency or high profile issue, the CFIA may activate an Incident Command Structure (ICS) with the Incident Commander as the primary point of contact with federal partners, including Health Canada and PHAC.
ICS is an international model for the command, control, and coordination of a response to an emergency or significant food safety issue. There are uncertain conditions such as possible escalation of the event, unknown extent of damage, or potential threats to people, property, animal or plant health, trade, or the environment.
The Food Investigation Response Manual (FIRM) will continue to be utilized to guide the food safety investigation activities. Detailed information on the ICS and process can be found in the CFIA's Emergency Response Plan. When a situation arises involving a multi-jurisdictional food-borne illness outbreak, the CFIA response to the food safety investigation will be part of the PHAC led multi-jurisdictional response as defined in the Foodborne Illness Outbreak Response Protocol (FIORP).
The purpose of the FIORP is to set out the key guiding principles and operating procedures for the identification and response to multi-jurisdictional foodborne illness outbreaks in order to enhance collaboration and coordination among partners, establish clear lines of communication, and improve the efficiency and effectiveness of response, thereby protecting the health of Canadians.

This diagram is a flow chart that outlines the decision making points and linkages used by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency in handling food safety issues where the product is in distribution and either a potential health risk or no potential health risk has been identified.
This diagram is a flow chart showing the inter-branch consultative process and committee structure that is used during food safety investigation and response activities. Federal and state health officials investigating foodborne illness outbreaks and other food safety emergencies in recent years have received help from an increasingly prolific network of laboratories designed to respond to biological, chemical and radiological contamination of food as rapidly as possible. This network, called the Federal Emergency Response Network, or FERN, has helped authorities test everything from spinach during the 2006 E. Each of those labs specializes in one or more discipline, with 133 FERN labs providing microbiological support, 111 specializing in chemical contaminants and 36 able to perform radiochemistry testing.
When the 2010 Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill contaminated gulf seafood with unsafe levels of hydrocarbons, FERN chemistry laboratories keep monitoring samples until the shrimp, crab, finfish and oysters were once again safe to eat. FERN’s radiology labs also assisted during the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant disaster, assessing the capability of gamma-emitting radionuclides and providing reagents and other supplies to labs in need.
The event has attracted the attention of officials from China’s food and agriculture agencies, along with representatives of research and industry groups, all very excited about what the future holds.
The Chinese are aware of the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA), particularly the foreign food safety verification aspect, which the U.S. One of CFIA's top priorities in carrying out its mandate is to contribute to protecting Canadian consumers from preventable health risks such as risks associated with exposure to hazardous food. The CFIA's Office of Food Safety and Recall (OFSR) will lead this review and make revisions to the document as appropriate. CFIA's food safety investigation and response system is activated by various triggers including consumer and trade complaints, inspection or audit findings, laboratory results or referrals from other regulatory organizations. The decision process is outlined in Appendix 1: Food Safety Issues - Decision Process Flow. Other governance and management processes may be added to the structure during a declared food safety emergency, high profile food safety issue, or the activation of the Canada's Foodborne Illness Outbreak Response Protocol (FIORP) to guide a multi-jurisdictional response. It is not a regulatory investigation which is conducted in response to non compliance in order to recommend further compliance measures or enforcement action.
The ED, OFSR works in collaboration with the Area Executive Director(s) and consult with other CFIA Branches as required during the food safety investigation. This includes the interpretation and application of legislation, the application of common law principles, the review of external communications, and representation of the CFIA in communications with third party lawyers. The trilateral MOU outlines the roles and responsibilities of the CFIA, HC, and PHAC as they relate to the common issues that have an impact on human health including food safety and nutrition, infectious disease outbreak management and emerging zoonotic diseases.
The Food Directorate within the HPFB provides scientific advice and analytical surge capacity for analyzing microbiological contaminants, chemical contaminants, food additives, food packaging materials and incidental additives, and food allergens in food and clinical samples. PHAC also provides, as required, technical expertise in outbreak investigations and interprets and provides feedback on the strength of evidence collected during the epidemiological investigation of a food-borne illness outbreak. Some of the federal departments or agencies that may be involved are: Agriculture and Agri-food Canada (AAFC), Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), Public Safety Canada (PS), Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO), Natural Resources Canada (NRCAN), Environment Canada (EC) and Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (DFAIT). The structure also applies to non-food safety investigations into issues such as extensive food spoilage or foreign material contamination. The FSIRC's role is to discuss the issue and ensure appropriate discussion among Agency members to arrive at a collective agreement on actions to be taken during these time sensitive incidents or events.
The role of the SFSC is to discuss the issue, provide advice to the President as well as collective, strategic decision and direction during time sensitive incidents or events. This diagram lists the key contacts and offices and shows how the information flows among them for both routine and non-routine events.
It combines facilities, equipment, personnel, procedures and communications operating within a common organizational structure. This document describes activities beginning with the determination of a potential for multi-jurisdictional foodborne illness outbreak and ending with either the containment of the risk or resolution of the outbreak. It outlines committee governance and membership as well as the purpose for each committee or consultative process. When the appropriate emergency operation centres have been activated and emergency response teams (ERT) mobilized, the Incident Commander will decide which functional plans will be activated for the response.
The network has six training centers around the country that have trained more than 600 people on the latest methods to rapidly test pathogens and other contaminants.
Being held in Beijing this year, the forum will discuss ideas in a new paper title Food Safety Technologies: Key Tools For Compliance. Over time we hope to make it a great source for resources, news, information and occasionally a good chuckle.
The ability to prevent or respond to food safety incidents in a timely and appropriate manner is a critical component. A food safety investigation includes inspection and related activities undertaken by regulatory officials to verify whether or not a food hazard which could cause human illness exists and to determine the nature and extent of the problem which includes the determination whether there is additional affected product that may be on the market, i.e. They possess a wide array of analytical technologies that ensure that analytical results are valid and accurate.
The MOU also refers to the FIORP as a guide to the roles of federal, provincial and territorial partners during the investigation and response to foodborne illness outbreak events. The Food Directorate also provides national reference diagnostic services for food-borne botulism, listeriosis and viruses as well as risk management advice, including public communication.

PHAC maintains strong linkages with the OFSR, especially during foodborne illness outbreak investigations. The role of provincial, territorial and municipal governments is further outlined in the FIORP. The SFSC is a forum for enhanced coordination across the Agency and provides final rulings on issues. The following outlines how communication occurs simultaneously in the both the Office of Food Safety and Recall (OFSR) and the Area during a routine event. In response to a food safety situation, the Food Safety Investigation Team at the Area level is initiated. Though the source was originally suspected to be tomatoes, FERN laboratories and others ultimately traced the source back to jalapeno peppers imported from Mexico. The paper is written by authors from the public and private sectors and explores the recent technology development in food safety regulation and how technology intersects with enforcement and compliance. With China being the largest food ingredient supplier, the cooperation of some of the food and agriculture agencies will make future products from China safer to consume. Furthermore, the forum will not shy away from issues such as food fraud or economically motivated adulteration of imported or domestic food products. It also contributes to safeguarding the economic well being of Canada by maintaining trust and credibility with trading partners.
Coordination is achieved by using an inter-branch collaborative approach which is explained in Section 9, and as seen in the Decision Process Flow for Food Safety Issues in Appendix I. Complete details of the role of PHAC are outlined in the Foodborne Illness Outbreak and Response Protocol (FIORP). Communication occurs between the Vice-President, Operations Branch, the Executive Director, OFSR and the Area Executive Director (AED), Operations Branch.
A food safety trigger (complaint, inspection finding, etc.) would lead to an inspection by a field inspector and either an Area or Regional food safety investigation. Once a food safety investigation has been launched, the inter-branch consultation process can begin and communication occurs between branch staff and the members of the Food Safety Investigation Team to arrive at more robust and formalized collaboration during risk management decision making. The network currently represents all 50 states and Puerto Rico at 172 laboratories, including 39 federal, 113 state and 17 local labs. The AED is in communication with the Area Food Safety Investigation Team, the Area Recall Coordinator as well as the Executive Director, Office of Food Safety and Recall. When the routine process does not resolve concerns or issues, the Food Safety Investigation Review Committee is convened and communication occurs between its members and branch staff within the inter-branch consultation process for further consultation. Recall (noun tense) denotes the process of recalling the affected product and encompasses all tiers of the affected product distribution system. The following outlines the steps taken for a food safety issue with no potential health risk and a food product that is in compliance with legislation.
The Food Safety Investigation Review Committee supports the Senior Food Safety Committee, which provides strategic guidance and direction and is convened during high profile or complex food safety issues. Mandatory recall means a recall undertaken with a recall order as per Section 19 of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency Act. Concurrently, the ED, OFSR communicates with the AED and two units within OFSR: the Food Safety Investigation and Recall Unit as well as the Technical Assessment Unit.
The following outlines the steps taken for a food safety issue with no potential health risk and the product is not in compliance with legislation.
The following outlines the steps taken for a food safety issue with a potential health risk when the product is in or potentially in the market. After determining the potential risk and that the product is in or potentially in the market, the OFSR is notified.
A food safety investigation is conducted by the inspector with input from the OFSR, Science Branch and Policy and Programs Branch, in consultation with the Food Safety Investigation Review Committee and the Senior Food Safety Committee, as appropriate. If the HRA finds no potential health risk, then the steps as outlined above for a compliance or non-compliance issue are followed. If the HRA finds a potential health risk, then a risk category and recall class are given to the food safety issue by the Executive Director, OFSR and, as required, with consultation from Legal Services and Communications and Public Affairs. The regulated party then develops a product disposition plan and the implementation is monitored by the inspector. The following outlines the steps taken for a food safety issue with a potential health risk when the product is under control. After determining the potential risk and that the product is under control, the regulated party develops a product disposition plan. The inspector then monitors the implementation of the product disposition plan and completes any follow-up actions.

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