Surviving the winter on twigs isn’t very nutritious but the stomachs of deer are equipped to squeeze all the nutrients they can out of the tough twigs. All ruminants (the deer family, antelopes, sheep, goats, cattle and giraffes) sustain themselves on leaves, twigs, grass and other plant matter since they are herbivores. To extract the most from plant matter, ruminants have a four-chambered stomach--not four stomachs as some people say. The four-chambered stomach allows for ruminants to process low-nutrient food in large quantities. One benefit of the four-chambered stomach is that ruminants don’t have to thoroughly chew the first time like humans chew food.
This allows ruminants to eat as much as possible in the shortest amount of time and minimizes the time they are less alert to predators. After the rumen is full, ruminants seek a location where they can be alert and chew their food again.
The cud doesn’t look like the original plant matter because the rumen also acts as a big fermentation tank.
A symbiotic relationship (beneficial to both organisms) between the microorganisms and the ruminants exist. Then the smaller particles of food pass into the reticulum (the second chamber) which has the main function of filtering out foreign material (such as stones and hair) and water. The reticulum continues to break down the plant fibers and allows only the finest particles to pass to the omasum (the third chamber) where more intensive digestion and absorption occur.
In addition to the plant matter, the microorganisms pass through the chambers of the stomach and are also digested by the ruminant (the not so beneficial part of the relationship).
Throughout the process, the microorganisms also detoxify plant poisons, synthesize vitamins and create proteins from nitrogenous compounds. The Santa Fe River valley was used by all peoples who entered the area and an important concentration of thousands of ancient petroglyphs are found along a volcanic escarpment formed by lava.
San Felipe is one of the most culturally conservative of all the Keresan speaking tribes and passionately retains their traditional religion and customs despite relentless pressures from the outside world.
Join Southwest Seminars and David Grant Noble for an archaeological journey on the scenic Yampa and Green Rivers through Dinosaur National Monument. Trip Description: Meeting in Vernal, Utah on May 20, we will visit the Dry Fork Creek Petroglyphs near Vernal, one of the most famous rock art sites in the Southwest.
In Echo Park wea€™ll hike to two Fremont petroglyph panels and along the way cool off in Whispering Cave.
On our final day, wea€™ll emerge from the canyons for a leisurely float through Rainbow Park followed by an exciting ride through Split Mountain and its series of rapids. Santa Anaa€™s original location is unknown as all the members of the Pueblo either left or were killed during the Pueblo Revolt of 1680.
Join Southwest Seminars for the experience of a lifetime led by Geologist Wayne Ranney, author of a€? Carving Grand Canyona€? and featuring 7 days rafting the Colorado River through the legendary Grand Canyon and 7 nights camping under the stars. Learn the story revealed in the thick sequence and variety of rocks exposed in the walls of the canyon which provide a record of the Paleozoic Era (550-250 million years ago). Wayne Ranney is the author of a€?Carving Grand Canyona€? and a€?Ancient Landscapes of the Colorado Plateaua€?, which he co-authored with Ron Blakey. Trip Details: The trip will be in 37 foot motored raft as they are the preferred mode of transportation for this kind of river excursion by Wayne, being more comfortable and safer for this kind of expedition. Enter Grand Canyon and within the first few miles begin our descent though the geologic layers, traveling 78 miles by river to the bottom of this great stack of rocks. Float deeper into the Marble Canyon section of the river and see lush green spring of Vaseya€™s Paradise stopping at Redwall Cavern, a vast alcove that J.W.
The canyon is truly Grand Canyon as we float downstream to the turquoise blue waters of the Little Colorado River, the spiritual birthplace of the Hopi Fourth World. Raft the notorious Lava Falls in the depths of the Grand Canyon near the end of our journey. Arriving at Whitmore Wash, we board a helicopter for a scenic flight out of the canyon, followed by charter flight returning us to Marble Canyon for farewell dinner with Wayne and those often dreamt about beds. We have learned more about the Coronado Expedition in the past 25 years than has been pieced together in a century of prior work. Located on Ute Mountain tribal lands, this park was a 1911 compromise: between the United States taking tribal lands and the visionary leadership of Jack House, son of the Ute Chief Acowitz, who in the 1880a€™s tipped off the legendary Wetherill brothers to the existence of fantastic ancient Pueblo sites in Lion and Johnson Canyons in the Southwest. Step back in time to the late 19th century as we ride the train from Lamy, to Las Vegas, NM on the tracks of the old Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad to visit three historic hotels: Castaneda, Plaza, and Montezuma. Join us for a special visit to San Ildefonso Pueblo, one of the best-known New Mexico Pueblos because of the famous black-on-black pottery, which originated there and was revived in the1920s. Join Alan Osborne and attend Candelaria Day festivities at both San Felipe and Santo Domingo Pueblos, both Eastern Keres villages on the banks of the Rio Grande, where traditional and culture are closely held and tenaciously kept.
We have been invited to the Acoma Sky City Governora€™s Feast Day where we will feast at the home of the governor and his family and witness celebratory observances of this important event where tribal members renew their culture, language and native religion. The juxtaposition of young lava and old sandstone makes for a wonderful geologic setting and story. When sixteenth-century Spanish explorers first set foot in what is now Arizona and New Mexico, they encountered people who lived in large multistory apartment buildings of stone and adobe enclosing communal plazas. Join John Ware, Porter Swentzell (Santa Clara), and Connie Eichstaedt for a seven day tour of the Ancestral Pueblo world to visit the sites highlighted in Warea€™s new book from the SAR Press, A Pueblo Social History. Our 3-day 2-night visit will be centered at the Chaco National Park campground, where our outfitters will provide a luxury and restful camping experience, including catered delicious food and shelter on-site under the stars and the night skya€™s pantheon of other heavenly bodies. Eighteen giant calderas, or a€?supervolcanoesa€?, erupted in southwestern Colorado between 30-25 million years ago, forming much of the modern San Juan Mountains. Visit an early 18th Century Comanche camp, a site which encompasses where lodges were erected as well as ritual sacred areas beyond the dwellings.
Journey to sacred sites in northern New Mexico, which are spiritually significant to different traditions, which have made a mark on New Mexicoa€™s cultural and religious landscape. This excursion will visit the remote site of Tsipinga€™uinge, an ancestral Tewa village on the northwest edge of the Tewa world. Attend the Jemez Pueblo feast day dances and witness an age-old religious ceremony, one of the only occasions outsiders may visit the Jemez Pueblo village of Wallatowa. Following our cultural orientation we will drive to the village of Santo Domingo for the occasion and spend the balance of the day watching the dances and ceremonial activities. Frontiers a€?the leading edges of contact and change between culturesa€? and boundaries are important because they recognize that social systems are open and provide perspective on the more intensely studied central places, such as Chaco Canyon, Mesa Verde, and the Mimbres River.
This important cultural area embraces the entirety of the Rio Alamosa drainage, from its headwaters at the Plains of San Agustin to its mouth on the Rio Grande including its tributary drainages and was the home of Ancestral Puebloans for more than 800 years.
What could be better than a spring float down the mighty San Juan River, legendary cultural resource in the heart of the Four Corners region? Our expedition outfitter is Wild Rivers Expeditions with its staff of expert and well-informed river guides, who tell the local stories, row the rafts and prepare all our river meals, and also furnish our camping equipment and supplies.
After a hearty breakfast on Thursday, we will board our rafts for a 3-day float down the San Juan River.
Float through the fabulous Upper Canyon of the San Juan with its stunning geologic formations and fascinating stop to see fossils. Includes 3 full days of floating and 2 nights of camping on the river, 2 nights lodging at Desert Rose Inn, (the evenings before and after the raft trip), with tents, and sleeping bags for the camping nights. Laguna Pueblo is seen by literally thousands of travelers who pass along Interstate 25 heading west of Albuquerque, but few are aware of its history, legacy, or traditions.
The next morning, we drive to Bisti Badlands area, where we will marvel at the hauntingly beautiful scenery and enjoy a (requiring good walkers) 4-mile round-trip hike on relatively flat grounda€¦a gourmet picnic luncha€¦followed by more spectacular scenery and outdoor geology classes as Dr.
Nestled between the Sangre de Cristo Mountains and the Sandia Mountains, While much attention has been given to the important archaeology of the Galisteo Basin, much less has of the public interest has been devoted to the geology of this rich resource area, until oil and gas exploration was proposed recently before our Governor imposed an important moratorium on extraction industries in this beautiful area just south and east of Santa Fe located along the Rio Galisteo. El Malpais National Monument offers many learning opportunities for us, including a presentation by Dr. We will drive over the continental divide through a lovely, ponderosa forest setting amid volcanic flows, cinder cones, and scenic sandstone bluffs landscape to El Morro National Monument.i?? This prominent high rocky promontory sheltered a large fresh-water pool, which attracted wildlife, as well as ancestral Pueblo, Spanish and Anglo-American travelers seeking water at the base of the bluff. Georgia Oa€™Keefea€™s Beloved White Place: A Geo-Walk Through the Rocks at Plaza blanca with Dr.
Located in the Sierra Negra Badlands, Our special day trip to Plaza Blanca (White Place) with our wonderful and favorite vulcanologist and Fulbright Scholar, Dr. You will also have the extraordinary blessing of spending a day with Sunny Dooley, a traditional Dine storyteller from the Chil Chi Tah area south of Gallup, who will guide us through her rural homeland. Make a memorable visit to the Crownpoint Navajo Rug auction, a significant monthly cultural event held in the Crownpoint Elementary School auditorium, where you will see many traditional weavers, as well as appreciate the opportunity to view a stunning collection of 200 or more weavings of all sizes, regional styles, and prices.
Tour participants will visit three recently discovered (2008) Apache petroglyph sites along the upper Rio Grande, near Pilar, with noted Ethnobotanist and archaeologist Dr. Visit some of the most important Archaic era petroglyphs in the U.S, estimated at 4,000-6,000 years old or more. The charming town of El Rito, north of Santa Fe on El Rito Creek, is situated along the margin of both the Colorado Plateau and the Rio Grande rift. For those of you that have explored the eastern half (the part you see from State Highway 4 out of Los Alamos), of the Valles Caldera, this tour will provide new insight and understanding to the amazing geologic and natural history of the Valles Caldera. Join Alan Osborne, Southwest Cultural historian for a day trip to Zia Pueblo for feast day dances.
Spend an enlightening day with noted archaeologist, scholar, author and professor emeritus Dr.
Arroyo Hondo was composed of 1,000 rooms arranged in 1 and 2-story room blocks and was originally investigated and partially excavated by Nels Nelson of the American Museum of Natural History. Tijeras Pueblo is on the east side of the Sandia Mountains and was occupied, like Arroyo Hondo, from about 1300 to 1425 AD. While neither Arroyo Hondo nor Tijeras Pueblos remained occupied into the mid-1400's, settlement did continue at a pueblo in the modern village of San Antonio. Paa-ko Pueblo also began in the 1300's AD as a plaza-oriented adobe-walled compound of several hundred rooms.
Journey into the magical Canyonlands and Arches National Parks of southeast Utah and the spectacular Red i??Rock Country of the Colorado Plateau for an unforgettable five-day experience with Dr. Something extraordinary happened a thousand years ago in a shallow canyon in the heart the San Juan Basin of northwestern New Mexico. Saturday, April 7, 2007 The many layers of geologic history unfold as we spend a fascinating day hiking among the sacred landscape and spectacular i??formations of the new Kasha-Katuwe Tent Rocks National Monument.
This one-day hiking adventure will explore the geologic story of the Abiquiu area, including rock formations and vistas that inspired Georgia Oa€™Keeffe. With Deputy Director of the OAS and Chaco scholar, Wolky Toll and cultural historian Alan Osborne, we'll leave Santa Fe early in the morning and drive along a scenic route through lands of the Santa Ana and Zia Pueblos and the Jicarilla Apache Reservation on our way to Chaco Culture National Historic Park. This six day tour of the Rio Grande Pueblos will include visits to Taos, Picuris, San Ildefonso, Pojoaque, Cochiti, and Zia Pueblos, as well as tours of important and seldom visited Eastern Pueblo archaeological sites, including Tsankawi, Hanat Kotyiti, Guisewa, Kuaua, Pecos, and the world famous rock art panels of the Galisteo Basin. Departing Santa Fe, we will travel to EspaA±ola, then turn west onto Forest Road 144 (also known as 39-mile road), winding our way up into the northern Jemez Mountains. Jim Melhus wanted a way to raise awareness and money for the Homeward Animal Shelter, where he works as a dog trainer. Melhus donated a baseball signed by baseball greats Roger Maris, Mickey Mantle and Ken Hunt at Homewarda€™s annual Wags, Whiskers & Wine event Oct. Maris now stands at seventh on the list, but the three players whoa€™ve hit more than 61 homers in a season a€“ Barry Bonds, McGwire and Sosa a€“ have all been implicated for steroid use. Jim Savageau was Melhusa€™ boss at OK Tire, and he happened to be a friend of Marisa€™ from Shanley High School and was part of the golf tournamenta€™s inner circle. The tournament came to town and, as was always the case in the early days, there was much revelry among the former Yankees and their friends. Savageau showed up at OK Tire a morning after such revelry and spotted Melhus a fair distance away performing his job as a tire installer.
The signatures of Maris and Hunt have been authenticated by a sports memorabilia organization, which is very important to collectors. Galen Heinle of Big Nicka€™s Sports Cards in West Acres Mall helped the shelter authenticate the ball and said it has great value. Homeward Animal Shelter hopes Marisa€™ popularity can help with its mission of rescuing, sheltering, protecting and finding homes for dogs and cats. ESPN's announcement will come one day after North Dakota State football fans learned the network's "College GameDay" program did not choose Fargo. The following e-mail was sent to Minnesota State University Moorhead faculty and staff today.
MSUM President Anne Blackhurst has named Doug Peters, Director of Athletics, to serve as Interim Vice President for Enrollment Management and Student Affairs. Blackhurst also announced interim administrative office realignments that will be reviewed during the coming months. Drew Wrigleya€™s public confession of an extramarital affair seemed more like a staged political event than a genuine mea culpa, but what should we expect from a person whose political ambition seems to be outweighed only by his audacity? North Dakotaa€™s lieutenant governor got caught with his pants down and his answer was not to throw himself on the mercy of the court and say a€?Ia€™m sorry,a€? but to seat his wife next to him and talk about prayer and faith and the couplea€™s pastor. Yes, Drew Wrigley still really wants to be governor a€“ really, really, really wants to be governor a€“ and hea€™s doing what he can do to keep the dream alive. This little pothole in the road opened last week when a blogger named Jim Fuglie, a former leader of the Democratic-NPL Party in North Dakota, dropped word of Wrigleya€™s messy personal life and a€?indiscretionsa€? in a post predicting state attorney general Wayne Stenehjem would replace Jack Dalrymple as governor.
Wrigley responded swiftly by issuing a handful of interviews with select legitimate media, and a sycophant right-wing blogger, in an attempt (in public-relations terminology) to control the message. The lieutenant governora€™s adept handling of the nasty news, and North Dakota mediaa€™s lack of courage in insisting on more specifics or even offering tough commentary, seems to have worked. This limp reaction to Wrigleya€™s confession makes it likely hea€™s feeling confident about his ability to make a run at the Republican nomination and, in deeply red North Dakota, the governorship. See, a real human being with real humility woulda€™ve issued a statement saying, a€?My wife and I are working through this very difficult time together.
Instead, Wrigley essentially held a press conference with his wife at his side and admitted hea€™s still mulling a run for governor. Ita€™s particularly interesting when you consider the leak about the affair is alleged to have come from Wrigleya€™s own side of the aisle.
While Wrigley steadfastly refuses to give up on his dream of being governor, a run could be particularly nasty on his wife and family.
Rumor has it Wrigley was carrying on with a married woman and the affair broke up her marriage.
Somebody wearing such an obvious coating of veneer deserves to have it stripped away for the world to see. Six anglers from Indiana have been cited for taking 676 sunfish and crappies over their limit from Upper Cormorant Lake in Becker County, Minn. Charges were filed late last week, according to Department of Natural Resources conservation officer Bill Landmark. If convicted, the anglers could face thousands of dollars in fines and revocation of fishing privileges for three years. BOSTON -- It took an empty-net goal by Boston University star Jack Eichel to seal North Dakota's fate Thursday night in the Frozen Four.
Boston U advanced to the NCAA Division I men's hockey title game with a 5-3 victory over UND, a closer victory than anybody saw coming when the Terriers were leading 4-1 with less than 6 minutes remaining.
But the fact is the frantic finish can't hide the numbers: UND has failed to win a national championship in seven trips to the Frozen Four during coach Dave Hakstol's 11 seasons.
The first is the one most UND fans, and more importantly the school's administration, choose: Hak's doing a great job by getting his team to the national semifinals on a regular basis.
The two coaches prior to Hakstol, Gino Gasparini and Dean Blais, won multiple national titles. Hakstol said he was happy about 50 minutes of UND's play, but thought his team didn't manage the puck well in the game's first eight to 10 minutes. He also lamented the lack of bounces his team got through most of the contest, until Troy Stecher used a misplay by Boston goalie Matt O'Connor to score a short-handed goal with 7:50 to cut BU's lead to 4-2. So UND fans are left talk about another one that got away, and how gritty their team was and how the officiating and bounces just didn't go their way. But Hakstol continues to underachieve with a program that is the equivalent of the Boston Red Sox in college hockey. BOSTON -- North Dakota dropped two ugly games at the National Collegiate Hockey Conference tournament in Minneapolis in mid-March, losing to St.
Such chatter was quelled in a big way at the NCAA West Regional in Fargo a couple of weeks ago. Questions for Hakstol and his players following UND's 4-1 victory over Quinnipiac in the regional semifinals naturally centered on "bouncing back" after such an awful showing in the NCHC tournament. As Grand Forks Herald beat writer Brad Schlossman pointed out Wednesday in a discussion about the Frozen Four that will air on KFGO today, Hakstol nibbled around the edges of why UND played so poorly in the NCHC tournament.
The narrative has definitely changed as UND readies to play Boston University on Thursday night in the national semifinals. Hakstol has taken his share of arrows for Frozen Four disappointments -- and much of it is deserved after UND allowed Boston College to score seemingly at will in three straight semifinals matchups from 2006-08 -- but a year ago in Philadelphia was a different story. UND seems to have put talk of the late-season flop and the season-ending injury to Mark MacMillan and everything else behind it.
It will be interesting to see how UND fans react should their team fall short of a national title again. That was the clear talking point of UND's postgame press conference: The page has been turned. I am solidly on the left side of the political ledger, but took a very cautious approach to the story. The police report indicated a night of drinking, followed by arguing, followed by the throwing of objects and physical contact. If we learned anything from Baesler's situation it is that domestic ugliness infects even the relationships of the supposed high and mighty. We also learned, again, that situations the media try to turn into black-and-white, right-and-wrong, this-is-the-way-it-is arguments rarely are. A peek inside a domestic situation is an uncomfortable look at reality, not a partisan argument.
He'd just watched his very talented offensive team get steamrolled by a much, much better offensive team, 92-75 in the quarterfinals of the NCAA Division II tournament. The Knights finished the contest shooting 61 percent from the floor (37 of 61), which is outstanding for any basketball team.
But the most impressive player on the court was Whitehead, a 5-foot-9 scat back of a point guard who dominated both ends of the court against MSUM.
Despite nearly getting run over at the end of the first half, the Dragons found themselves down just six points, 49-43, at halftime.
The Knights won the Division II national title in 2011 and returned to the Elite Eight the next season. Bellarmine's coach is Scott Davenport, who served as an assistant under Denny Crum and Rick Pitino at Louisville. Bellarmine was the subject of a lengthy New York Times article in January, focusing on their remarkable shooting and the practice drills Davenport uses. The mentality of everyone on the floor is, I may have a good shot, but theres always a chance to get a better one for someone else, junior forward George Suggs told the Times. North Dakota State football fans are familiar with the type of stadium needed for a Major League Soccer franchise. Toyota Stadium is a 20,500-seat open-air venue that is, by today's standards, functional without being outlandish. The stadium and surrounding complex (which includes several practice fields and in total covers 145 acres) were completed in 2005 at the cost of $80 million. I'm passing along this information because Minnesota is now embroiled in a brewing MLS soccer stadium controversy. Because the franchise will not be awarded to the owner of the NFL's Minnesota Vikings, Zygi Wilf, the new team cannot play in the nearly $1 billion stadium being built in downtown Minneapolis. So the owner of the MLS franchise, Bill McGuire, wants a new stadium in downtown Minneapolis.
Target Field, home of the Minnesota Twins, is being paid for, in part, by a sales tax in Hennepin County (Minneapolis and western suburbs).
The immediate opposition to a soccer stadium is baffling, if for no other reason than this would be the financially least painful facility to build. The new Vikings stadium will cost an estimated $975 million, of which $498 million will be state and city tax dollars.


So the state isn't willing to help fund a facility for a major-league soccer team, in a state in which tens of thousands of kids play soccer? When a deer eats, the noise of eating vegetation decreases the chance of it hearing a predator. Microorganisms, such as bacteria, protozoans and fungi, in the rumen break down the plant matter by attacking the cellulose.
The ruminant provides food and living space for the microorganisms and the microorganisms break down the plant matter into components the ruminant can utilize.
When a ruminant chews its cud it breaks down the plant matter even more, exposing more surface area for the microorganisms to attack once it is swallowed again.
Older plant material has a lower nutritional value and a higher proportion of indigestible material.
Our special visit to the southwest Santa Fe petroglyph site of La Cieneguilla features one of our favorite study leaders: David Grant Noble, noted and celebrated editor, photographer and archaeology writer and author.
Although the Pueblo is not more than thirty minutes from Santa Fe, the fact that outsiders are not encouraged to visit has made it possible for them to maintain their individuality and resist the influences of modern life. The 4th edition of his Ancient Ruins of the Southwest: An Archaeological Guide is due to appear in 2015, as his a new edited volume, Living the Ancient Southwest. We float through the beautiful canyons of the Yampa River for three days, reaching the confluence with the Green River in Echo Park, so-named by John Wesley Powell on his famous 1869 expedition. The Yampa is the only remaining free-running, undammed tributary of the Colorado and its flow level depends on the winter snow pack and spring runoff. Our outfitter will be Dinosaur River Expeditions, family owned and locally operated in Vernal Utah staffed by experienced and knowledgeable river guides that love sharing the beauty, the history and the wildlife of the mighty Yampa River of Colorado and the crystal clear waters of Utaha€™s Green River of the Flaming Gorge. Three nights lodging at Landmark Suites in Vernal, Utah (2 nights before the rafting trip and 1 night after). 1300-1600) by visiting four important Classic Period Ancestral Tewa sites in the Ojo Caliente Valley northwest of Santa Fe. Following the 1692-4 Spanish Reconquest, Old Sana Ana Pueblo (Tamaya), was founded 8 miles NW of Bernalillo. We raft into the Canyon beginning at Leea€™s Ferry and exit the canyon via scenic helicopter and charter air. He holds a mastera€™s degree in geology at Northern Arizona University and leads tours for the Museum of Northern Arizona, The Grand Canyon Field Institute and the Smithsonian, including round the world trips by private charter. Our 190-mile trip between Leea€™s Ferry and Whitmore Wash has been selected by Wayne as covering the most scenic and geologically significant sites within the canyon in just the right balance of time on the river and off site exploration.
Jane Coulter in 1922 as a tourist camp, ita€™s style was later adapted to most National Park Service locations. Explore the relationships between settled Puebloan villages along the Rio Grande and early Spanish-led expeditionaries.
This led to a race for claimants to the treasures, the search and disappearance of artifacts along with the creation of a brisk trade in antiquities looted from these sites before federal laws were enacted to preserve them. After a warm welcome by a Harvey Girl we will get a detailed description of what railroad passengers experienced as they will bring back the deep appreciation of those magnificent days when the customer was king and the Harvey Girls, a€?those respectable young womena€™ and Couriers were ambassadors of impeccable service and local culture.
We will visit friends who have invited us to feast with them as they observe this important sainta€™s religious day in the Pueblos. It was extensively studied and researched by School of Advanced Research (SAR) in the 1970a€™s and has been the subject of nine monographs and numerous scholarly articles. These two parks are geologic showcases for the Jurassic Navajo sandstone, the largest petrified dune field in the world. We then travel to Zion National Park where we will stay in the park at the renowned historic National Park Service Lodge cabins, Zion Lodge for 3 nights. The Spanish referred to these people as Pueblos (Spanish for a€?townsa€?), no doubt to distinguish them from the regiona€™s rancherA­a dwellers and nomads.
Wea€™ll visit the contemporary Eastern Pueblos of Cochiti and Jemez, the Western Pueblos of Hopi and Acoma, and Ancestral Pueblo sites in Chaco, Mesa Verde, the San Juan River Gorge, and Canyon de Chelly. Scott Ortman will lead us on a very special tour of the Santa Clara Tribal Park at Puye Cliff Dwellings. We will hike the 3.6 miles South Mesa Trail Loop to Tsin Kletsin, (3 hours) on the South Rim with a visit to the important great kiva at Casa Rinconada. With less driving back to town for overnight lodging in a town, we will see morea€¦nature, birds, plants, landscape, the skya€¦basically the full day and night Chaco experience. Kirt Kempter for a 4-day geologic exploration of the Creede and Lake City and Pagosa Springs, region of Southern Colorado, where four of the massive supervolcanoes eruptions occurred. Visit the scenic North Clear Creek Falls and the spectacular Slumgullion landslide en route to Lake City. Zia achievements in pottery and other arts and crafts, their storied history as well as spiritual tenacity are legendary. Our purpose will be to enhance our appreciation and understanding of these special sacred places and the spiritual traditions which hold them dear.
We will also visit the Jemez State Monument, a 17th century Spanish Mission church, and the ancient village it was built near, now operated by the New Mexico State Monuments Division, as well as a delightful lunch at Deba€™s Deli in Jemez Springs, a resort community in the beautiful valley of the Jemez River.
Joe Suina, former Governor of Cochiti Pueblo and Professor of Education (ret.), for the renowned Santo Domingo Feast Day, an annual ceremonial held in one of New Mexicoa€™s most colorful Pueblos on the Rio Grande. Suinaa€™s home in Cochiti Pueblo for an informative cultural education presentation on the ceremonialism of Pueblo dances and Sainta€™s day feast celebrations in theEastern Keres villages of Cochiti and Santo Domingo. Tuition of $90 includes Study Leader honorarium, transportation, meal, and donation to the Keres Language Project in which Dr. Steve Lekson and Karl Laumbach for an archaeology and history field study trip to visit important sites of the Canada Alamosa, located in southwestern New Mexico. Studies suggest that the Pueblo populations of the CaA±ada Alamosa were at times strongly linked to a central place(s) and at other times were reorganizing in an independent effort to adapt and survive. Rio Alamosa is fed by a perennially flowing warm spring (Ojo Caliente), home of the Warm Springs Apache, the hot springs are located three miles northwest of the ranch headquarters. Enjoy an educational and relaxing 3-day trip down the scenic San Juan River between Montezuma Creek, Utah and Mexican Hat. Shortly before our river trip ends, we will pass the amazing balancing rock known as the Mexican Hat, which is near our river put-out. All meals: 4 breakfasts, 4 lunches and 4 dinnersa€¦2 at a€?Bluffa€™s besta€™ and 2 a€?round the campfire. Visit one of the traditional western i??Keres villages of the Lagunas, Paraje, with Southwest cultural historian Alan Osborne where we will attend the annual Feast Day honoring Saint Joseph, patron saint of the Pueblo.
Containing some of the most spectacular and b bizarre geologic formations in New Mexico, including gravity-defying hoodoos and multi-hued shales, the stacked layers, or formations within this 45,000 acre wilderness area show a continuous record of ancient environments, formed between 160 million and 40 million years ago, with episodes of uplift and erosion, inland seas, shorelines, estuaries, large forested river deltas, meandering steams, bogs, and numerous fresh-water lakes leaving evidence of early mammal fossils, dinosaurs, petrified wood caches, and periodic volcanic ash showers.
Its subtle natural beauty, with wooded hillsides, dramatic volcanic dikes, and wide, open grasslands has drawn many noted contemporary artists to settle there and has attracted attention from those seeking easily accessible but less traveled areas containing important sites of natural history, including those who specialize in flora and fauna, as well as geology and vulcanology. Kendrick on the many archaeological sites found El Malpais and recent discoveries, as well as current preservation projects in which Dr.
Taylor, an 11,301-foot volcano, which figures prominently into native cosmology, life here has been longstanding, adaptive, and enriched by the landscape. We will a chance to see some of the most exciting and interesting ancient and historic petroglyphs (more than 2,000) in North America, including the Onate inscription of April 1605, (15 years before Plymouth colony in Massachusetts) most of which are accessible by a scenic paved walking trail. Kirt Kempter, who will feature his a€?wise and well-considereda€™ thoughts and research on the geology between Santa Fe and Abiquiu, including a few roadside stops to look at important landscape features, rocks, scenic overlooks, and geologic field maps. Paul Zolbrod, Research Associate, Laboratory of Anthropology, Santa Fe, Professor of Literature, Dine College, Crownpoint, Professor Emeritus, Allegheny College, Pennsylvania, and Author, Dine Behane.
Sunny is a scholar for the New Mexico Endowment for the Humanities and travels widely sharing her culture through stories. Included is transportation, lodging at legendary El Rancho in Gallup on Route 66, most meals, special presenters and Study Leaders honoraria, and donation to Chil Chi Tah Elementary School, and celebration dinner.
We will take you to seldom visited sites in northern New Mexico That are spiritually sacred and significant to different traditions which have made a mark on New Mexicoa€™s cultural and religious landscape.
These western-Keres speaking and traditonal people have occupied the scenic hilltop village and this rugged region NW of Albuquerque for centuries. Linda Cordell, with whom we will be visiting four archaeological sites on the edge of the Galisteo Basin: Tijeras Pueblo, Paa-ko Pueblo, Arroyo Hondo Pueblo, and San Antonio.
Intensively studied by Douglas Schwartz for the SAR, it sits at the margins of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains just outside Santa Fe. It is located above a seep, it is bisected by 2 arroyos, and was excavated by UNM field schools in the late 1940's, and again in the 1970's, directed by W. Kirt Kempter, vulcanologist, geologist, former Fulbright scholar, and Alan Osborne, Southwest cultural historian.
Not only spectacular vistas, but also wildlife, including bighorn sheep, are always a possibility for sighting and photographing on this memorable day. Puebloan peoples constructed over a dozen elaborate Great Houses of stone reaching three to four stories above the desert floor. Wea€™ll first arrive at the Chaco Visitora€™s Center on the north side of the canyon, which features exhibits and interpretations of recent archaeological research as well as historic excavations, and artifacts revealing ancient life at Chaco. 20121 Kings 8:28 -- But please listen to my prayer and my request, because I am your servant.
Many still view Maris as the a€?truea€? record-holder because he did not use performancing-enhancing drugs. This was the first year of the Roger Maris Celebrity Golf Tournament and an all-star lineup of ex-New York Yankees were in Fargo. Chad Markuson, Associate Athletic Director, will assume additional responsibilities during Petersa€™ interim appointment.
It is hard work looking contrite, but you do what you gotta do when the pot of gold at the end of the rainbow is the governora€™s mansion. Rumors of Wrigleya€™s wandering eye a€“ as well as other body parts a€“ had been swirling in political circles for some time, but Fuglie was the first to throw them out publicly.
There were certain limitations put on the interviews and Wrigley would not address specific details of the affair.
Whether or not I run for governor is the last thing on my mind as we work to save our marriage of 17 years.
He also said the affair did not have an effect on his current job, which he will not resign. The hot rumor is that Stenehjem supporters were calling media and bloggers to tip them off on Wrigleya€™s dalliances. If indeed Stenehjema€™s supporters were trying to take him down this early, whata€™s to say they dona€™t have more dirt on the lieutenant governor?
If Wrigley carried on with the other woman for, say, three years a€“ well, thata€™s a lot different than a one-time liaison.
If true, the lieutenant governor would be what is known among the commoners as a a€?home-wrecker.a€? Ita€™s quite likely the husband (ex-husband?) of the other woman is quite aggrieved at this turn of affairs. He just wanted us all to know that he didna€™t break any governmental ethical codes and the affair didna€™t affect his job performance, so ita€™s all good.
He entered Thursday's postgame press conference in his usual terse and defensive mood, and proceeded to tell the assembled media that he didn't want any questions about perspectives on the season. North Dakota State football fans, with the resources the school puts into the program and the tradition it has, wouldn't stand for 11 years without a national title.
There have been a number of memorable flops in the Frozen Four, fueling the "Fire Hak!" crowd.
Hakstol, in his usual terse manner, quelled such talk by saying his club "turned the page" after the trainwreck in the Twin Cities. Turns out, Schlossman has since learned, that UND's players and coaches were fighting a nasty bug that weekend that drained nearly everybody connected to the team, including strength coach Mark Poolman and team doctor Greg Greek.
A club many counted out prior to the regionals is now again viewed as a strong contender for the national title. UND played well in a semifinal against hated Minnesota, only to see the Gophers score with 0.6 seconds left to take a 2-1 victory. Hakstol said it several times and the UND players queried by the media -- Drake Caggiula, Troy Stecher and Tucker Poolman -- repeated it, too. 15 a juicy tidbit picked up by media in Bismarck, Fargo, Grand Forks and every other major city in North Dakota. She countered with a statement saying "an argument escalated to the point where I was concerned for my safety.
I said on my KFGO program, and wrote in a blog, that we should all just quiet down and let the process play itself out. In an interview with Forum News Service, Baesler stuck by her story that she was just trying to get out of her fiance's home. And, in the end, none of the witnesses provided much clarity other than agreeing nobody saw any of the thrown objects hit Tschosik, the alleged victim. Perhaps that is a good lesson to remember: Domestic violence isn't the exclusive domain of the poor, the minority population, the uneducated, the hourly workers, the regular people.
To read Mike Nowatzki's report for Forum Communications is to be part of that awkward, uncomfortable moment that is part alcohol, part emotion, part fatigue, part violence, part jealousy, part rage and a dozen other things.
Whether it was layups from Jake Thelen (12 of 16), 3-pointers from Rusty Troutman (3 of 3) or driving bankshots from the ultra-talented Chris Whitehead (8 of 13), Bellarmine simply had too many weapons for the Dragons. He was shooting 67 percent for the season coming into the contest, and shot 74 percent last year. Whitehead was essentially unguardable with his quickness off the dribble and when he wasn't scoring an easy layup, he was zipping a pass to Thelen or Josh Derksen for an open jump shot. As MSUM's Tyler Vaughan said after the game, "If you give up 49 points in the first half, things aren't going to go well." Yet, the Dragons were still in the game.
It was the most victories in a season for an MSUM and the school's first trip to the Elite Eight since moving to Division II in the mid-1990s.
He also coach with former Kentucky coach Tubby Smith while Smith was at Virginia Commonwealth. The Knights are the best shooting team in Division II at 53.4 percent and star post Jake Thelen, a 6-foot-7 senior, shoots 67 percent. They lead the nation with 372 3-pointers and have Division II's best assist-to-turnover ratio. Toyota Stadium in Frisco, Texas, home of FC Dallas of the MLS, is where the mighty Bison won the last four Football Championship Subdivision national title games. It doesn't seem an unreasonable request, given the orgy of stadium-building in the Twin Cities the last decade or so. Minnesota Senate Majority Leader Tom Bakk, a DFLer and a huge union supporter who would seemingly love more union construction jobs, has said state money for a soccer stadium will not happen. If the MLS franchise were to require an 18,000-seat stadium, it could be constructed for -- what? Much of the rest of the cost of the stadium will be offset by the NFL and naming rights, which will be sold by the Wilfs. Ruminants derive more nutrition from the compounds the microorganisms create than the actual plant matter itself. Therefore in winter when a deer’s rumen is full of older plant material that microorganisms can’t handle, the deer can feasibly starve on a full stomach.
We will learn about the history and theories relating to Ancestral Puebloan rock art, migration of Tewa Pueblo peoples, Colonial Spanish exploration and settlement along El Camino Real (Royal Road).
Individual interests are subordinate to community values and responsibilities so that the strong ceremonial structure and the traditional rituals have kept the people as a vital and distinctive tribal entity with a proud heritage of ancient origin. Along the way, wea€™ll see the remains of a pioneera€™s cabin, a series of pictographs in the Barrier Canyon style, and Serviceberry Shelter, where Archaic hunter-gatherers camped millennia ago. See architecture, agricultural fields, and ritual features in the context of some of the largest and best-preserved ancient Pueblo sites in the region. Tribal members usually maintain two places of residence, one in the farming community along the Rio Grande and the other a traditional home on the north bank of the Jemez River several miles away.
The trip includes hotel lodging and dinner the night before the excursion as Wayne sets the stage for our grand adventure and another night and dinner after the trip wraps up as we celebrate our amazing journey through this vividly colored canyon, a nine day study tour on the most coveted raft trip in the world.
Discuss the origin of the canyon and how the complexity of erosional features of the Colorado River and precipitation created and continue to shape the canyon. We begin our journey with slow moving rapids, which increase in intensity as we travel further into the Canyon. Our highly recommended outfitter, Colorado River & Trail Expeditions (CRATE) has been in business since 1971 and features knowledgeable, trained and experienced river guides, who are excellent outdoor chefs, enthusiastic river companions and certified in CPR, Wilderness Medicine and River Rescue.
Protecting these lands from Anglo incursion, touristic curiosity and the federal government has created a seldom visited trove of four well-preserved canyon cliff dwellings requiring three miles of hiking and climbing five ladders when accompanied by a Ute tribal guide. We will learn about Fred Harvey, the Englishman who founded the hotel and restaurant chain. They have a strong sense of identity and retain ancient ceremonies and rituals and dances tenaciously.
The site was occupied in two separate and distinct phases more than six centuries ago, and at its height was comprised of approximately 1,000 rooms. Over 2000 feet of Navajo Sandstone form massive cliffs within Zion Canyon, creating one of eartha€™s grandest geologic settings. Our days at Zion will include visits to more remote corners of the park, such as Kolob Canyon in the northwest, and the more central Kolob Terrace Road, where we will hike the scenic Northgate Peaks Trail.
Classifying people by settlement pattern and architecture, the most visible of cultural expressions, may be a natural thing for explorers to do, but i??the label a€?Puebloa€? glossed over considerable cultural variability.
Participants will be regaled with stories of the Pueblo past from an archaeologist (Ware) and Native Pueblo scholar (Swentzell), and view the spectacular landscapes of the Southwest 4-Corners from the comfort of a modern coach (with on-board restroom!). These ancestral Puebloan sites figure prominently in his ethno genesis research on Tewa Pueblo origins, migrations, settlement patterns, and history. This study tour is designed to experience 2 backcountry trails while still visiting Great Houses within the central a€?downtowna€™ area of Chaco Canyon Culture National Historic Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Their mission church and plaza and the village and surrounding hills and mountains are powerful spiritual forces.
Visits include (subject to change): Upaya Buddhist Zen Center, Sikh Dharma in Sombrillo, Plaza Blanca and Dar al Islam in Abiquiu, and Christ in the Desert Monastery overlooking the Chama River, the Sikh Dharma in Somlbrillo, Our day will be filled with opportunities for reflection and awareness on the different paths for restoring balance and harmony in our world. 1312-1350 and is possibly one of the places where immigrants from the Four Corners region entered and settled the northern Rio Grande region.
In the centuries before the Apache (Athapascan) migration in to this area, it was the setting for two large-plaza Pueblos, a migrant Mesa Verde village, a huge 500-room Tularosa town, the northernmost Mimbres village, the southernmost Socorro site, and a sizeable earlier Ancestral Puebloan pithouse community, all located on the Monticello Box Ranch.
Wea€™ll camp for 2 nights, learning about the cultural history and archaeology of the region with David Grant Noble. Comfortable overnight motel lodging the night before and after our 3-days and 2-nights on the river at Desert Rose Inn, a log lodge recently built on the edge of the town of Bluff, Utah.
This scenic stretch of the river is especially noted for its Puebloan ruins and Basketmaker rock art panels and many are only accessible from the river.
Honorarium for our exceptional Study Leader and river guides, all fees for permits and services. You will have the opportunity to be part of this important ceremonial day and by your silent observation both give and receive the blessings of the Lagunas. The area is filled with multi-colored ash created by iron, manganese and crystal-forming silicates, and has been described as a paleontological treasure trove!
Kirt, offering plenty of time for on-site educational lectures, photographic moments, and awe-inspiring sacred landscape. Drive back to Santa Fe that afternoon for evening arrival with a stop at our favorite Cuba, NM dinner spot, Brunoa€™s for some home-style cooking before our Santa Fe evening return. Many myths and legends abound about this remarkable area, including oral tradition never written down.
For an optional energetic uphill hike, those interested may visit the ancestral Zuni village of Atsinnaon top of El Morro.
Along the way, we will Santa Rosa de Lima, the historic site overlooking the Chama River and original site of the Abiquiu Valley settlement. We visit her local Chapter House and to the Chil Chi Tah School, where you will meet Navajo teachers and students. Our purpose will be to enhance our appreciation and understanding of these various sacred places and the spiritual and religious traditions which hold them in esteem.
Ford who serves as Arthur Thurnow Professor of Anthropology and former director, Ethnobotanical Laboratory, University of Michigan. Zia, located beside the Jemez River, is near the Nacamiento Mountains and red rock foothills of the Pajarito and Jemez Plateaus.
Each of these is representative of different ways Ancestral Puebloans built 14th century communities.


In the 1970's, portions of the ancestral pueblo village and the historic San Miguel de Laredo were excavated by the Museum of New Mexico and scholars conducted important ethno historic research.
By the 1500's, a smaller, mostly stone-masonry pueblo was built on-site and occupied into the 1600's AD.
Wea€™ll spend all four nights at the new and beautiful Red Cliffs Lodge, featuring a popular restaurant and on-site winery and vineyard, as well as beautifully appointed riverside timber lodges with private patios overlooking the Colorado River.
Within just a few generations, masonry Great Houses were built by Pueblo communities throughout the San Juan Basin and beyond to eventually encompass portions of four adjacent states.
Following lunch we will take the short hike to the nearby-unexcavated Una Vida site, as well as an optional scramble up to the petroglyphs overlooking Una Vida.
Melhus said Savageau told him that Mantle was a) extremely inebriated and b) perturbed Maris had already signed on the a€?sweet spota€? of the ball, so Mickey nonchalantly scribbled his signature.
As a long time media jackal, I learned long ago to root for great stories and somebody as blindly ambitious and narcissistic as Wrigley shrugging off an extramarital affair to pursue political power is a heckuva tale. Faithful people can forgive a man succumbing to a weakness of the flesh, but a multiple-year affair requires planning and conscientious effort and lying. He's won three regular-season conference titles in his 11 years, and four conference playoff championships. UND continues to be one of the premier college hockey programs in the country, as it was under Gasparini and Blais.
Perhaps they'll add how the team was lucky to get this far after losing leader Mark MacMillan to a horrible season-ending injury and how it bounced back so nicely after a lost weekend at the National Collegiate Hockey Conference tournament. This had the hardcore base of UND hockey fans ready to begin their talk of "Fire Hak!" again. Cloud State before a fiercely partisan full house at Scheels Arena to earn a seventh trip to the Frozen Four under Hakstol.
Ultra-conservatives who didn't like Baesler because she's an unapologetic advocate of Common Core -- the education standards hated by ultra-conservatives -- took shots at her. But they got it rolling at the end of the first half there and we kind of got left behind," Walthall said. Senior guard Jordan Riewer, averaging 16 points a game, can hit a trey from pretty much anywhere across half-court. According to a story in the Dallas Morning News, the complex is booked 250 days a year and draws 1.8 million visitors annually. At certain times of the year, however, they welcome visitors and the Green Corn Dances in May are the main attraction to outsiders and other Pueblo people as well. We will learn about the archaeology of the Desert Archaic and Fremont cultures through Davida€™s lectures and hikes. Wea€™ll also hike to Mantlea€™s Cave, a huge rock shelter where Fremont Indians stored an astonishing array of specialized items in storage cysts, now in the collections of the University of Colorado, Boulder. Set among towering red cliffs and ancient ponderosa pines, we may see a variety of wildlife, deer, eagles and big horn sheep along the shoreline.
Learn Tewa history and how we use different techniques, archaeological review and Tewa oral tradition, to better understand their past.
Learn about the variety of species of mammals, reptiles, fish and birds that make the Grand Canyon home, including many threatened and endangered species and plants that have found a refuge in the Parka€™s protected lands. There is plenty of whitewater excitement, including some of the most famous a€?drops and fallsa€? in the world: Horn Creek, Hermit, Crystal and Lava Falls. While millions visit Mesa Verde National Park, which borders Ute reservation lands, these are seldom seen and striking sites that have not been stripped of their ancient presence and essence. Wea€™ll tour the famed Castaneda, newly purchased and under renovation by its new owner, Allan Affecldt (or resident partner), who also restored La Posada, the Harvey Hotel in Winslow, Az. The significance of Arroyo Hondo is that it was one of the earliest large, aggregated pueblos built during a period when settlement patterns throughout the northern Rio Grande were evolving in the direction of large towns located near dependable sources of water.A We will have an archaeological tour of this important cultural site, owned by the Archaeological Conservancy, with site steward and noted author, and archaeologist, Dr.
Several easy to moderate hikes will be offered within Zion Canyon, including Echo Canyon, Weeping Rock, and the Riverside Walk. Coral Hills Best Western will serve as our base for two nights to explore beautiful Snow Canyon.
The people the Spanish called Pueblos spoke at least seven mutually unintelligible languages (six are still spoken today) from four different language families, and their linguistic diversity was mirrored in many of their social, economic, and religious practices and institutions.
He is able, using linguistics, metaphors, architecture, and material culture, to follow ancestors on their long journey south from Mesa Verde and the San Juan River Basin. Between them, wea€™ll learn about the history and theories relating to ancestral rock art, migration of Tewa Pueblo peoples, Colonial Spanish exploration and settlement along El Camino Real (Royal Road), plus fascinating concepts of earth science, significant geographic landscape and visible volcanic features young and old we see in this region, as well as the causes of the rise of the majestic Sangre de Cristo Mountains. Wea€™ll be like trees: silent observers, important witnesses, participants in the continuing strength of Keres Pueblo culture here today. Wea€™ll explore the sitea€™s well-preserved architecture, cliff dwellings, artifacts, rock art and trails, and the world-quarter shrine all while overlooking the stunning Piedra Lumbre made famous by Georgia Oa€™Keeffe. Suina will share with us aspects of culture, history, spiritual underpinnings, and ritual observances which are tied to the rhythms of nature in the native world of the Eastern Keres Pueblos. The area has been extensively studied by scholars for several years in recognition and interpretation of frontiers and migrations of peoples in the archaeological record. Lekson and others have made a strong case that the Canada Alamosa was the destination for a migrant community from the Mesa Verde culture area.
He has guided educational and archaeological groups down the San Juan River for more than twenty years. Learn the history of the Keres world and its influence from both the ancestral Puebloan and European traditions. Kirt Kempter, will use this outdoor classroom as an educational opportunity to explain and discuss the earth history of this beautiful basin in our own backyard.
From them, you will learn about the magnificent natural and cultural history of this scenic area, called a€?the evil countrya€™, or the badlands, by chroniclers on the Coronado Expedition of 1540, as a result of their extreme difficulty in crossing through lava flows by the expeditionaries and their horses along the legendary Zuni-Acoma Trail. The mythology of El Malpais will be discussed as well as the many different native cultures in the area, including Acoma, Zuni, Dine (Navajo), and others, which have made their home in the region for centuries and in some cases, millennia. All will have access to the modern Visitor Center, featuring rangers, interpretive exhibits, and books and literature. Departing Santa Fe, we will travel through EspaA±ola, turn west over the Rio Grande, and on the north side of town turn west again onto a dirt road which we will travel for several miles on a scenic forest road, where we wind our way up through the Pajarito Plateau and into the scenic Jemez Mountains. Zolbrod will escort us to an important ancient Chacoan outlier, Kin YaA­a (Tall House), where he will help us understand the importance of Chaco Canyon culture. You will have an opportunity to interact and learn about Dine culture in education from the teachers and students and tour the school. Our Study Leader is a specialist on sacred spaces and places, and this will be a unique opportunity to share in his wisdom and insights. After scenic drive up the northern Rio Grande valley to Pilar, we will access the petroglyphs by hiking to view some of the most exciting images on stone. Forest Service and members of the American Rock Art Research Association, as well as Arizona State University scholars, these areas (Sites #006 and #147) are filled with over 600 known rock art carvings, which are astronomically aligned to Summer solstice and equinox sunrise and sunsets. These lands were the site of hunting gathering and farming communities for many millennia, as this region was populated by different peoples over long periods of time who came together to become those who were encountered by Spanish conquerors, missionaries and settlers.
All four pueblos were constructed of adobe and noted scholars excavated each to different degrees during the 20th century and today visitors see low mounds of earth.
Pottery traditions of the village were shared with other puebloans of the Tewa Basin and Pajarito Plateau but Arroyo Hondo appears not to have participated in much broader networks of exchange. While much smaller than Arroyo Hondo, with about 250 rooms, it experienced 2 different construction episodes during which the community completely reorganized its space. This is one of Americaa€™s recent national monuments and is an important area sacred to Keres and other Pueblo peoples. While ita€™s unfortunate this very private matter has become public, I hope the media will respect our privacy as we work through it together.
UND gets the players it wants, it doesn't lack for money or staff or fan support or anything else.
Bob Babich, had he not bolted town after a 2-8 season, would not have lasted in Fargo much longer.
Those of a more left-leaning nature took cracks at her because she's a Republican and she had personal issues. Peoples opinion's of Kirsten Baesler's and Todd Tschosik's relationship, I said, should not be based on political parties, but on what actually happened that night. At one end of the stadium is a stage area that can be used for concerts -- like the annual Jimmy Buffett festival that draws the stadium's biggest crowds.
Mark Dayton, also a huge union supporter who touted the jobs that would be created as he acted as the top cheerleader for the new Vikings' stadium, has said he would oppose a Hennepin County tax to pay for a soccer venue. Because the end-run to avoid a public vote on a county sales tax in Minnesota (which would most likely be "no" when it comes to sports stadia) is to get permission from the Legislature.
Our hike will include some relatively flat trails on the mesa top, some rough uneven terrain along the boulder slope where the rock art is located, but will also include the short but steep rocky talus access to the mesa top, so please come prepared for this rugged landscape on the outskirts of Santa Fe which overlooks the important riparian stream banks of the beautiful Santa Fe River downstream from the city now featuring beaver dam ponds. Hundreds of men, women and children dance throughout the day, accompanied by a male chorus, in the huge sunken bowl of the Plaza worn down by the centuries. Ann features Corn Dance, a colorful spectacle which draws the entire Pueblo together as most of its population, nearly 700 people, return to the Old Pueblo (normally not open to outside visitors) for traditional ceremonies and visiting native arts and crafts vendors.
Discover more about the 5000 year human history presence and importance of the canyon to ancestral Puebloan, Hopi, Havasupai, Navajo, Hualapai, Paiute and Zuni.
As importantly wea€™ll hike beautiful side canyons with cascading waterfalls, turquoise pools, and the cooling shade of hidden grottos and enjoy stargazing at night. Wea€™ll enjoy dinner, a lecture, and overnight at the historic Old Plaza Hotel, built in 1889. It is with anticipation that we look forward to spending time with our dear friend, Dora Tse Pe, the legendry potter and San Ildefonso resident as well as her family who have invited us to share a feast meal with them on this important occasion.
George, Utah, just a few minutes from Snow Canyon State Park, where geologically young volcanoes poured dark basalt lava through spectacular canyons of red and white Navajo sandstone.
The close proximity of Snow Canyon and Zion will allow us to spend significant quality time in both parks, with less highway travel. On Day 3 we begin our exploration of Zion, lodging for three nights in individual historic cabins right in the heart of Zion National Park, a very special opportunity indeed.
They were not, in other words, a monolithic culture, but several different peoples who shared cultural practices. On this day trip, we will see remains of Tewa houses dating from the 14th century, much evidence of pottery as well as other artifacts in situ.
We will also review the local hydrology and understand the presence of many natural springs nearby.
It is with anticipation that we look forward to spending time with legendary potter and Zia native, Dora Tse Pe and her family who have invited us to visit and share a feast meal with them on this important occasion. He will also share information on the important Keres language preservation project for which this study tour is organized to support.
In addition to providing commentary on each site visited, he will offer us interesting facets of Puebloan and Dine (Navajo) history.
Wea€™ll also visit the beautiful Laguna Mission church, operated by the Franciscan order, built in 1699 and containing beautiful native paintings, colonial reredo (altar screen), and traditional adobe architecture. We will travel through the historic ghost town of Waldo and along the railroad tracks laid through the area in the late 19th century to the picturesque village of Cerrillos, then travel across the Galisteo Basin heading east on the backloads through this scenic area.
Visit a small rural family-owned Trading Post, rarely seen by outsiders, which helps bridge cultures and maintain community. Special visits and tours of Dar al Islam Mosque in Abiquiu, Christ in the Desert Monastery, the Sikh Dharma and community in Somlbrillo near Espanola, the Buddhist stupa in Santa Fe, plus special presentations by representatives at these very special locations. In addition to petroglyphs, there will be spectacular views of the Rio Grande gorge, birds, possibly early wild flowers, important Apache cultural shrines and their campsites.
These types of carvings from this era are often associated with nomadic hunter-gatherer societies. While conquest is an important chapter of Pueblolan history, a€?survivancea€™ is its modern reality.
Why did ancient Puebloans build monuments whose construction required the quarrying and shaping of thousands of tons of sandstone from canyon walls and the hauling of over 200,000 pine logs from mountain slopes 60 miles away, all to build a dozen 300-600 room edifices that housed only a handful of people? The trail is well marked and follows along a small arroyo and enters an elegantly carved slot canyon, then climbing to a scenic overview of the spectacular Rio Grande valley where we will enjoy a gourmet picnic lunch. A short walk down the canyon will lead us to Kin Kletso, an important part of the developmental history of the area. North Dakota Nice, or perhaps fear of reprisal from the statea€™s all-powerful Republican Party, won the day. Craig Bohl was nearly run out of town after finishing 3-8, but rallied in a big way to construct a dynasty.
Nothing -- repeat, nothing -- is as simple as the media (myself included) try to make it seem.
Plenty of dough, to be sure, but peanuts compared to all the stadia built in the Twin Cities since 2000.
The trip inclui??des all lodging, meals, river and rafting arrangements and quality time with David Noble. Experience the soothing comfort of a quiet river valley and nearby pond, a welcome oasis in the heat of the summer. Visit interesting historical sites only accessible by the river, study unique geological features, and gain a comprehensive educational perspective on the geology and natural history of this majestic canyon. We will take a short hike to Piedras Marcadas Canyon, where the first petroglyph of a horse known in the United States is found amid a rich concentration of petroglyphs, most of which were created a century before European contact. On the next day, accompanied by our modern Harvey Girl we will tour the legendary Montezuma Hotel, now part of the United World College campus. Featuring gas log fireplaces and a private porch at each cabin, we promise a bit of quiet time to enjoy the majesty of one of our favorite U.S. The wealth of data on Pueblo culture, from three thousand years ago to the present day, provides an ideal laboratory for the study of culture change. Those who have accompanied Ware and Governor Joseph Suina on past Pueblo World Tours will visit many of the same destinations but see many new sites, and youa€™ll be able to follow along with Warea€™s commentary on Pueblo social history with an advance copy of his new critically acclaimed book.
The site contains lots of petroglyph panels, spectacular views and a large important ancient Santa Clara village that includes a reconstructed kiva. Sam Duwe, assistant professor in the Department of Anthropology and Applied Archaeology and Director of the Tewa Basin Archaeological Research Project at Eastern New Mexico University. David is the author and editor of many books relating to Southwest archaeology and culture, including Ancient Ruins of the Southwest: An Archaeological Guide and most recently, In the Places of the Spirits. A short but interesting hike (one mile round-trip) will illustrate the fascinating earth history of the Cerrillos Hills, Ortiz Mountains and the beginning of rifts in the Santa Fe area. In El Malpais are found ancient jagged lava flows, volcanic cinder cones and rims, pressure ridges, lava tubes, ice caves, and other landscape features, as well as prehistoric ruins and cairns, rock structures, and homesteads, plus important cultural sites where ancient pottery and other material artifacts have been discovered. Paul Catholic Church in Crownpoint, where Navajo spirituality coexists with Roman Catholic Christianity. The glyphs follow the contours of the rock and incorporate natural features, such as nodules, bumps, and cracks, into the carving. Some have said the Zia people have retained most of their traditional beliefs and thus absorbed very little influence of our dominant society.
Cordella€™s interpretation, we will walk each of the sites to understand their similarities and differences. Their kivas were of 2 different shapes and construction techniques, and the village maintained 2 different traditions of painted pottery, while participating in extensive trade networks. Why did ancestral Puebloan communities over a geographic region the size of New England build community centers that emulated these monumental structures?
Learn the fascinating geologic story of how these dramatic columns have eroded as you appreciate the power of Mother Naturea€™s forces: wind, water, and time. Wea€™ll visit smaller habitation sites, small farming settlements surrounding Casa Rinconada, Chacoa€™s massive great kiva. Charming casitas, comfy beds and organic samples from the garden will round out our archaeological day excursions.
Appreciate the context, and underlying meanings of this powerful ritual and sacred cultural landscape. Our mission is to arrive before dawn so we witness the entrance into the village of the deer and other animals. Few places in world provide so much historical information, over so many centuries, on cultures that thrive today.
On the Saturday following the tour wea€™ll visit Cochiti Pueblo for a tour of the community by this yeara€™s Cochiti Governor, Dr.
We begin to learn how Tewa people understand their own unique history and become witness to the kind of collaborative work Scott and tribal members have been doing to link the native understandings to Southwestern archaeological research. Our afternoon will conclude with a relaxed social Happy Hour, including a glass of wine and appetizers at Conniea€™s Casa, the owner-built, passive solar traditional home to Southwest Seminars Director, Connie Eichstaedt. Includes transportation, 4 meals, overnight accommodations, entrance fees and Study Leadersa€™ honoraria.
You will also need long pants and hiking boots, hat, water, and hiking sticks (poles) if you use them. They are typically deeply incised and may represent the only remnants of conscious communication left by these early peoples. The Zia achievements in pottery and other arts and crafts, as well as spiritual tenacity is legendary. Was it political hegemony, economic imperialism, or religious fervor that inspired the architects of Chaco and their emulators?a€?a€?Amerinda€™s spring tour to the northern Southwest will spend two days in a€?Downtown Chacoa€? in search of answers to these questions. 3-mile roundtrip hike, 400 feet elevation gain Includes: Study leader honorarium, transportation and a lovely picnic lunch included. Along with the amazing scenery and geo-education wea€™ll enjoy periods of profound peace as we drift quietly through narrow corridors of polished granite. Meredith Davidson, an enthusiastic young scholar, is Curator of 19th and 20th Century Southwest Collection, for the New Mexico History Museum and curated the current permanent exhibition, Setting the Standard: The Fred Harvey Company and its Legacy. We will have a picnic lunch on site and finish with a visit to a Santa Clara pottery-making family for a demonstration of their famous deep-carved black and red ware, which often features the water serpent, or Avanyu, as well as other symbols and imagery significant to the Tewa villages of the northern Rio Grande.
On our last Southwet Seminars field trip to the North Rim we had a very special porcupine sighting! These incredible rock carvings include curvilinear, rectilinear, non-representational, irregular, geometric, spirals, starbursts, animal tracks, hunting images, and vision & Dream scenes. Their mission church and plaza are all part of the accommodation and compartmentalization of different but powerful spiritual forces.
Wea€™ll begin our tour 150 miles to the north in the central Mesa Verde region where Chaco probably had its roots.
Sam Duwe, Assistant Professor of Anthropology, University of Oklahoma and Director, Tewa Basin Archaeological Research Project will be a highlight of our trip as he shares knowledge of the Tewa and the region. Includes 7 full days of activities and 8 nights in favorite lodging in scenic locations, and featuring the interplay and dialogue which accompanies scholarly discussion and debate. Includes Transportation, scholar honorarium, lunch, followed by wine with apps at Conniea€™s Casa (and hoped-for lilacs) before return to Hotel Santa Fe, our pick-up and departure point.
Our destination will be a high altitude alpine meadow overlooking the spectacular north rim of the Valles Caldera where we will be served a gourmet fajita picnic lunch with a breathtaking view down into the caldera valley below. Zolbrod will also introduce us to two Catholic nuns who were part of the effort to create the Crownpoint Rug Auction, now a major cultural tradition and artistic event which you will have the privilege of attending. We will be like trees: silent observers and important witnesses of the continuing strength of culture here today at Zia Pueblo. We are proud to offer this unique opportunity, a Must-Do for all lovers of the Southwest culture and landscape, especially when accompanied by such exceptional scholars.
All expenses covered coach transportation, admissions, all lodging and meals, donation to tax deductable donation to the Amerind Foundation. Their lives represent an intersection of cultures that they have chosen for their life's work. Lunch included at Conniea€™s Casa in Canoncito at Apache Canyon for debriefing and sharing our adventure stories. In these humble surroundings, you will come to respect and understand the Dine and their important connections between people, language, and land. His discussions and commentary featuring his perspectives on Dine culture will be valuable tools for our own education.



National geographic 8th edition atlas world history
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