People can be infected with the common cold virus at anytime of the year, but most Americans “catch” colds in the fall and winter. While this may be true, researchers at the National Institute of Health (NIH) may have found another reason that has to do more with the virus itself. Sickness-causing bacteria and viruses can lurk on surfaces long after they're expelled in an infected person's sneeze or snot. This story appears in Issue 87 of our weekly iPad magazine, Huffington, available Friday, Feb. Human herpes virus 5 (HHV5) is the official name of cytomegalovirus (CMV) and is the cause of mononucleosis.
Human herpes virus 6 (HHV6) is a recently observed agent found in the blood cells of a few patients with a variety of diseases. Human herpes virus 8 (HHV8) was recently discovered in certain tumors called Kaposi's Sarcoma (KS). Pacific ENT Medical Group is dedicated to providing our patients with advanced mouth and throat care.
The term LARYNGOPHARYNGEAL REFLUX (LPR) refers to the backflow of food or stomach acid all of the way back up into the larynx (the voice box) or pharynx (the throat). Swallowing is a very complex process and any interruption in the swallowing process can lead to dysphagia. Oral preparation –The food is chewed, mixed with saliva and the tongue collects the prepared food or liquid for swallowing. Pharyngeal stage – The tongue pushes the food or liquid to the back of the mouth, triggering a swallowing reflex that pushes the food into the pharynx (throat). Esophageal stage – The food or liquid passes into the esophagus and then into the stomach. You may be referred to a gastroenterologist to evaluate the esophagus or a neurologist to determine if there is a disorder of the nervous system. Many disorders of swallowing can be treated with medication, swallowing therapy or surgery. Medications that reduce stomach acid production, muscle relaxants, and antacids may help patients with gastroesophageal relux disease. There are various types of sores that can appear anywhere within the mouth, including the inner cheeks, gums, tongue, lips or palate. Stomatitis: This is inflammation of the mucous lining of any of the structures in the mouth, which may involve the cheeks, gums, tongue, lips and roof or floor of the mouth.
Aphthous Ulcers (Canker Sores): These mouth sores are NOT contagious and can appear as a pale or yellow ulcer with a red outer ring.
Cold Sores: Also known as fever blisters, these sores are caused by the herpes simplex virus and are very contagious. Oral Candidiasis (Thrush): Thrush is a yeast infection of the mucous membranes of the mouth and tongue and is caused by forms of a fungus called Candida.


Oral Lichen Planus: This is an inflammatory condition that affects the lining of the mouth.
Oral Cancer: Mouth cancer commonly involves the tissue of the lips or tongue but may also occur on the floor of the mouth, cheek lining, gums or roof of the mouth. Smell or taste disorders are relatively common and can have a significant impact on quality of life. Many individuals, who complain of problems with taste, actually are experiencing problems with their sense of smell. Common causes for taste disturbance include mouth infections (yeast, herpes, gum disease), medications, oral appliances (dentures), dental procedures (tooth extraction, root canal) and age. Smell disorders may be successfully treated if there is blockage of the nasal passages from polyps, allergies or infections.
Individuals with permanent loss of smell need to be aware of issues of personal hygiene (body odor), safety (smoke alarms, spoiled food), health and appetite.
Viruses that can cause a sore throat include: the common cold virus, influenza, mononucleosis, and other childhood diseases. Cough or bronchitis – Viruses almost always cause these but if you have a problem with breathing or the illness lasts a long time, bacteria may be the cause.
Sore throat – Most sore throats are caused by viruses, however, strep throat is caused by bacteria. Ear infections – There are many types of ear infections caused by either bacteria, a virus or fungus.
Sinus infections – A runny nose and discolored mucus does not necessarily mean you need an antibiotic. More than 40,000 new cases of herpes are diagnosed each day in America alone, that is over 15,000,000 new herpes infections per year!
HHV3 can also cause a recurrent virus infection of the skin, which is called herpes zoster or shingles. It is the major cause of infectious mononucleosis, or "mono" - the "kissing disease." It is a contagious infection and is transmitted through saliva. It causes roseola (a viral disease causing high fever and a skin rash in small children) and a variety of other illnesses associated with fever in that age group. Like other human herpes viruses, HHV6 and HHV7 are so common that nearly all humans have been infected at some point, usually early in life. If your symptoms persist, then we recommend an evaluation by an Otolaryngologist, such as Dr. They believe that this stronger outer coating, called the envelope, helps the virus survive longer outside the human body. HHV1 can also lead to infection in the genital area causing genital herpes usually through oral-genital contact, such as after oral sex. Shingles occurs when dormant varicella-zoster virus from an initial bout of chickenpox becomes reactivated.


Coughing, sneezing, or sharing eating utensils with an infected person can pass the virus from one person to another.
This infection accounts for many of the cases of convulsions associated with fever in infancy (febrile seizures). HHV7 can also cause roseola, but it is not clear what other clinical effects that this virus causes. HHV1 infections are contagious and are usually spread from skin-to-skin contact with an infected person through small breaks in the skin or mucous membrane. The lesions generally appear in a band-like or belt-like pattern occurring on one side of the body and are often accompanied by itching, tingling, or even severe pain. About half of all five-year-old children and 90 to 95 percent of adults have evidence of previous infection. CMV can be transmitted through sexual contact, breast-feeding, blood transfusions, and organ transplants.
The HHV1 virus is more likely to be spread through things like sharing eating utensils, razors, and towels from a person who has an active lesion. The main route of transmission is through sexual contact, as the virus does not survive very long outside the body.
It is associated with particular forms of cancer, like Hodgin's lymphoma, especially in those with compromised immune systems.
HHV8 may also cause other cancers, including certain lymphomas (lymph node cancers) associated with AIDS. Postherpetic neuralgia is a complication of shingles where the pain associated with the infection can persist for months and even years.
There is evidence that infection with the virus is associated with certain autoimmune diseases, especially dermatomyositis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren's syndrome, and multiple sclerosis. Symptoms include diarrhea, severe vision problems including blindness, infections of the stomach and intestines, and even death.
The fact that these cancers are caused by a virus may explain why they tend to occur in people with AIDS when their immune systems begin to fail.
For a virus that barely causes a problem in most people with healthy immune systems, it can be incredibly deadly in people with damaged immune systems, such as people with AIDS. The discovery also provides new hope that specific treatments for these tumors will be developed to target the virus.



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