The wood you choose for making the cage should be very hard like plywood and the netting or wiring should not be painted but simply electroplated. Make the cage more fascinating by adding mirrors, ladders, balls so that your bird never gets bored. I produced this design because I’d got a load of lightweight mesh that I wanted to use up, but which wasn’t strong enough to make a cage on its own.
4 x 1 meter lengths of 4mm cold drawn steel rod – I bought mine from B&Q for about ?1 each.
Position it so the narrow side is uppermost and mark the midpoint of the line you’ve drawn. Turn the piece over on its side and mark a point on the line about ? inch in from the narrow side you didn’t drill through. Screw them in tight, but they need to end up ‘in line’ so that the axle can pass through them both.
This time slide the screw eyes of the plywood door over once of the rods before you add the second post. The door is slightly too long and will not pass between the post – make sure that it’s on the same side as the four remaining holes.
Push the door from the outside and check that it swings in freely up to the inside of the trap roof. Using a spare piece of wood as an edge, fold up a 2 inch strip of mesh along one of the short sides of the sheet. Place the frame on top of the mesh with one of the long rods positioned into the corner you’ve made.
Roll the frame over across the mesh so that the side that was facing you is now on the top. Use cable ties and the staple gun or small galvanised wire staples to fix the mesh to the rods and wooden posts all the way round at either end.
Take care when fixing to the rail holding the door – don’t restrict the ‘swing’ and try to position ties to hold the door roughly central on the bar. Finally seal the end of the trap by either folding the overhanging wire over or by use a fresh square. Trigger MechanismTake the plywood treadle and drill three 8mm diameter holes along on of the long edges. Push the un-looped end of the wire through the screweye – this will now hold the door open. Take the string attached to the treadle and thread the end straight up through the mesh on the top of the trap. Prop the door open using the trigger mechanism and place the trap where the rabbits are active. The door cannot be pushed open from the inside but will open if the trap is turned upside down. We have too many large jack rabbits (hares) here.The Province of Alberta website says that the solid box traps are good for rabbits but not hares. With Instructables you can share what you make with the world, and tap into an ever-growing community of creative experts. Hello, this is amazing, I have 2 chinchillas, and a larger cage than you have pictured, but I'm about to add another level to it. Box turtles are named so because they have a hinged plastron (the bottom part of the shell) that they can move to completely conceal themselves. Most captive box turtles are fairly secretive and prefer to remain hidden during the day. Temperature and Humidity: The exact temperature that is right for a turtle depends on the species that is kept and where it is from.
Eastern box turtles spend much of their time in the leaf litter of forests and woody grasslands. It's important to chop up the fruits and vegetables well before offering them to a turtle. Animal based foods can consist mostly of live invertebrates like crickets, earth worms, night crawlers, wax worms, super worms, silk worms, horn worms, and meal worms. Eastern box turtles should be offered vegetables and fruits everyday or every other day and insects and other invertebrates once or twice a week. You can use the lid that comes with the plastic container; just drill or poke holes in the lid to allow for ventilation. Since the heater is meant to go under a tank, it certainly sounds feasible, but since hermit crabs have a much greater substrate depth than a reptile tank does, I don’t know how far the heat will travel through the substrate. If the temperature doesn’t go all the way up through the substrate, you could dig some grooves into the sand over that area so that when they walk into a groove, they will find the heated substrate.
And you, as the pet's owner, need to provide your bird with everything it needs to live happily and healthily.
Using decking screws, screw through the narrow side of the long pieces and into the ends of the short pieces.
Cut wire that is big enough to cover the center of the frames and extend onto the frames themselves. Attach the front panels to the posts, so that the edges are flush, using the decking screws. Using decking screws, screw the top and bottom pieces into the posts, two screws to a post.
Attach the remaining two panels by placing two hinges on each side, one half attached to the door, the other half attached to the the center piece on the other side panel.


Line the bottom of the cage with a flattened garbage bag and then wood chips, newspaper, or other appropriate lining material. You can mount the food trays to the wire or wood, or place them elsewhere in the cage, depending on what is best for your bird. In that time, she has started over 2,100 articles (many of which have been featured) and has been immeasurably helpful around the site, constantly performing “behind-the-scenes” tasks to keep the advice here accurate and organized, as well as helping out on various international wikiHows.
Drill a hole 4mm in diameter at this point – again not all the way through and as upright as possible.
Screw in the last screw eye as near to the corner as possible but in the centre of a mesh hole. Position it about six inches from the end and with the single hole on the same side as the screweye holding the door open. Ensure that you use the same ‘row’ of the mesh for all three ties and don’t tighten fully – the treadle needs to be able to move and this is the hinge. Take it along the top of the trap and thread the end through the loop of the wire holding the door open. We have two and they chew every piece of fibrous and some not fibrous materials in short order.
They are often sold as an easy-to-keep, problem-free pet that requires minimal care from their keeper. Turtles that have recently been captured in the wild often have difficulty adapting to captive conditions, and the care they receive during their transportation between reptile dealers, retail pet stores, and their future keeper is rarely ideal.
In the wild, box turtles occupy relatively large areas, and providing an enclosure that offers plenty of room is essential to permanently keep them in captivity. In areas outside of their natural range, it may be necessary to bring the turtle inside during cold or hot weather, and in some regions, it might not be suitable to keep box turtles outside at all. Many box turtles, particularly wild-caught animals, pace back and forth against the side of an aquarium trying to walk through the glass, which can be stressful for the turtle. In indoor enclosures, coconut husk fiber (bed-a-beast, eco earth, forest bed, etc.) is an ideal substrate.
They need to be exposed to UVB rays that are produced by a fluorescent or mercury vapor light bulb, and heat that is produced by an incandescent light bulb. It's important to have both a warm and a cool side in the cage so that the box turtle can regulate its body temperature. Eastern box turtles should be provided with a diet that consists of around 60-70% plant matter, while ornate box turtles should be fed less plant matter and more animal based foods.
Box turtles often develop strong preferences for certain food items and may avoid eating the ones that they don't like if the salad isn't chopped and mixed together. Ornate box turtles can be offered insects two or three times a week and vegetables and fruits every other day. Remove the lid from a plastic storage bin, pour in six inches of sand, and consider adding coconut fiber on one side. Another option is to make a ventilation window: draw a square or rectangle on the lid, cut out the shape and tape a piece of mesh over the hole.
If you have two small hermit crabs, you heed at least a ten gallon habitat with at least 5-6 inches of substrate depth. If you keep the heating pad on a very low temperature (and conduct some tests in a well-ventilated area to ensure there aren’t any fumes), it could be fine. You can test it out and insert a thermometer to various depths within the substrate to find out, letting the thermometer reset between each depth test. Once they know where it is, you can try refilling the grooves to see if they can still find it (still prefer molting or digging in that area).
I use a heat lamp mainly, but sometimes at night the room becomes too cold, even with the home being heated, and my crabs love being under quite a bit. You should end up with two large panels for the front and back at 48"x72" with a bar in the middle. Using a staple gun, staple the wire to wood frame on what will become the inside of the panels.
Then attach just one of the side panels on each side, one flush with the top and one flush with the bottom. If you want wheels, attach caster wheels into the posts using the manufacturer's instructions. This should leave you with a cage door on either side: one on top to add food and interact with the birds, the other at the bottom to aid in cleaning. Tie it off so that when the treadle is pushed down, the wire is pulled out and the door drops shut. Although their care requirements are not as time consuming as that of a traditional pet like a dog, box turtles are not necessarily a simple pet to care for.
During this transitional period many turtles develop health problems, such as respiratory infections, eye infections, parasite problems, or simply dehydration. Glass aquariums are also expensive, easily broken, and heavy, and are best passed up for other housing options. Box turtles from the northern end of their range may do better when kept cooler than box turtles from the southern part of their range. Feeding only one or two types of vegetables or fruits, or only a box turtle’s favorite food, will inevitably lead to nutritional deficiencies or imbalances. Occasionally, box turtles can be offered small pre-killed pinky or fuzzy mice or boiled chicken. Hang plastic baskets on the walls with zip ties, and use suction cups to hang pieces of a net around the walls for your crabs to climb.


You could also consider connecting the heating pad to a timer so that it is not continuously heating the plastic.
Even if the top of the soil doesn’t get the added heat, when the crabs dig down to molt, they might appreciate finding it.
Keep in mind that each crab is unique, so one may prefer digging in the heated area, while another prefers digging in a cooler area. Large cages which provide your bird with the appropriate amount of space can be expensive and unattractive.
You can soften the edges and keep things from getting caught on them by tracing the edge of the wire with silicon or caulk. Most of the time these problems can be avoided by either purchasing captive-bred box turtles or by adopting a surrendered turtle from someone who no longer wants theirs. Large plastic tubs, such as cement mixing trays, large storage containers, or stock ponds, can be used. Other possible substrates include cypress mulch, peat moss, or top soil mixed with sand.
Low-fat canned dog or cat food mixed with a high quality vitamin and calcium supplement can be fed once every few weeks in addition to live invertebrates and occasional mice or poultry. Commercial diets and pellets can be offered along with a raw diet, but generally aren’t as well-rounded as they claim to be and should not be the only food offered. To make pools, put some rocks or seashells in two plastic containers for your crabs to use to climb out of the containers, bury the base of the containers in the substrate, and fill one pool with dechlorinated fresh water and the other with saltwater.
If you live in a very humid environment like Florida, you can leave the lid off the container as long as the crabs are unable to climb to the top of the container. They also have a long lifespan, and some have been documented to live for over 100 years in captivity. It’s important to properly identify which species of box turtle is being kept because their care requirements are slightly different.
They are not difficult to construct and are cheaper than setting up an indoor enclosure.
Some people have also had success keeping turtles in large indoor pens constructed out of wood, often on top of a table or raised legs. Half of a box turtle's cage can be sprayed with water daily to create a humid area for the turtle to go. Use high quality reptile vitamin and mineral supplements once every few feedings for adults, more often for juvenile turtles. Make a natural hide by cutting a hole out of the side of a plastic bowl, painting the bowl with nontoxic glue, and rolling the bowl in sand or coconut fiber. If you use a heat lamp though, make sure to keep it towards one side of the tank so that the crabs can to move to a cooler area of the tank if they need to. It’s important to consider both that their care requirements may be difficult to meet and that they have a long lifespan prior to purchasing a turtle. They can also be located through specialty reptile dealers such as Abbott's Turtle Farm or International Reptile.
When kept outside, box turtles are exposed to unfiltered sun light, including beneficial UVB rays, which are required for turtles to process calcium from their diet. I currently keep my turtle in a 50 gallon tub that measures 43 inches long by 22 inches wide by 18 inches high (109 cm by 56 cm by 46 cm) during the winter and late fall. Place the UVB emitting light bulb over a screen section or open section of the cage because glass and plastic filter out UVB rays. If the temperature falls too low for long periods of time some wild-caught box turtles may try to hibernate.
The bottom layer of soil substrate should remain moist or damp on one half of the cage as well. Regularly moisten the soil, fill the baskets with seashells for your crab to change into or a moss garden for humidity, and add plants and other decorations your crab can climb. If the proper research is done before buying a box turtle and it is a well-planned decision, box turtles make great captives and are a pet that can be enjoyed for decades.
The amount of UVB radiation that is produced by the currently available bulbs slowly decreases over time, so UVB emitting light bulbs need to be replaced every five to seven months regardless of if they burn out or not. If they aren't conditioned before they start hibernating the turtle will run into health problems. Box turtles that are kept in dry conditions often remain burrowed under the substrate for extended periods of time in an attempt to stay in a humid area.
Good fruits and other vegetables to try feeding are apples, pears, grapes, blueberries, strawberries, raspberries, blackberries, cherries, mangos, bananas, zucchini, squash, carrots, sweet potato, and pea pods. Place a thermometer in the cage to monitor the temperature for your pets and a hygrometer to measure the humidity. Spinach, beets, rhubarb, broccoli, cauliflower and kale should only be fed occasionally or avoided altogether because they contain large amounts of oxalic acids or iodine binders which limit the amount of calcium that a turtle can use.
Infra-red incandescent light bulbs can be used to heat the cage at night without disturbing the turtle. All lights should be turned on for 10 to 14 hours a day, with the exception of infrared light bulbs.



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