When I first sat down to research this story, I thought that America had no real enemy capable of using an Electro-Magnetic Pulse (EMP) weapon. The electromagnetic pulse contains enough energy to destroy anything and everything electronic. An electromagnetic pulse (EMP) weapon is far more dangerous and potentially more lethal than a nuclear bomb. Portions of a National Ground Intelligence Centerstudy on the lethal effects of electromagnetic pulse (EMP) and high-powered microwave (HPM) weapons revealed that the arms are part of China's so-called "assassin's mace" arsenal -- weapons that allow a technologically inferior China to defeat U.S. A declassified intelligence report, obtained by the private National Security Archive, provides details on China's EMP weapons and plans for their use. And, it goes without saying that countries, specifically the USA and Israel, have invested in this technology. North Korea's nuclear tests have been dismissed as failures by some analysts because of their low explosive yield. The technology for producing a first generation implosion weapon has been around since 1945, and is thoroughly described in open source literature. In December 2012 Pyongyang announced plans to launch another rocket in a fresh attempt to send a "satellite" into orbit.
Just two days after announcing that the launch window would be extended due to technical issues, a long-range rocket lifted off from a launch site on the west coast of North Korea. I want to emphasize this: Unlike nuclear bombs that can destroy a large city like New York or Los Angeles, an EMP weapon is so effective that just one -- detonated over the central USA -- could knock out the entire mainland. Since a fusion reaction produces mostly neutrons, and very little radioactive debris, the concept of a 'clean' bomb has resulted: one having a small atomic trigger, a less fissionable tamper, and therefore less radioactive fallout. Carrying this progression further would result in the suggested "neutron bomb", which would have a minimum trigger and a non-fissionable tamper.
The theorized "cobalt bomb" is, on the contrary, a radioactively "dirty bomb" having a cobalt tamper. The half-life of Co-60 is just long enough so that airborne particles will settle and coat the earth's surface before significant decay has occurred, thus making it impractical to hide in shelters (unless one has supplies to last a decade or more). Such a doomsday device might be made and used as the ultimate threat in a political stand-off, effectively saying to the world, "Do as we say or we all die!" And it need not be put into the atmosphere.
No one spoke about it on the news, nothing was written -- it was "top secret" at the time -- but I later learned that it was the result of an atmospheric nuclear explosion. Scientists learned that nuclear explosions, in addition to the blast, heat and deadly gamma radiation, also produce a strong electromagnetic pulse that is capable of passing thousands of volts of electrical energy to just about anything that conducts electricity. The pulse is generated by the interaction of gamma rays, released by a nuclear explosion, with the atmosphere and the Earth.
Because our bodies do not conduct this current, the EMP does not directly harm humans or other living organisms. Most vulnerable to this high current of EMP are transistors, those small devices that are inside computer chips, radios, cellphones, ATM machines, automotive ingnition systems, the gas pumps, calculators, lights, clocks and just about everything that requires batteries. Imagine surviving an EMP only to find you cannot call your family to see if they are safe, cannot get cash from your ATM or bank (since they cannot access your records), cannot buy food at a supermarket (no scanners) or even drive your car (ignition destroyed).
When you finally walk to your home, city water will not be pumped, lights will not come on, sewage treatment will be off-line, heat and air conditioning will be gone and the production, harvesting and transport of food will have come to a grinding halt. If an EMP device were detonated, most of the electronics that control our many nuclear energy plants would be destroyed. It is possible to shield electronic equipment from EMP radiation, but it is extremely difficult. John Kappenman, the chief science adviser to the US EMP commission, believes it would require just $1 billion to harden an estimated 5,000 power transformers around the country to shield them from the impact of an EMP-like event. Air Force One, the President's jet, and certain other strategic aircraft have been equipped with special shields to reduce the effects of the radiation. Areas of medium yield EMP destruction with a single burst over Kansas at 100, 300 and 500 km. The scientists describe three possible EMP effects, depending on the height of the detonation. Such an attack could easily be launched from a submarine, just off the coast, and need not be accurate. The House Armed Services Committee confirmed that these weapons do not need to be accurately targeted to destroy our infrastructure. An orbiting nuke could possibly already be poised, waiting to be used in a future conflict. Recently, scientists have developed a way to produce an EMP weapon without fissionable material. The resulting electromagnetic pulse has a wide spectrum of wavelengths, capable of energizing metallic objects of varied lengths, from hundreds of feet to a few inches. This type of non-nuclear apparatus is almost impossible to detect but is limited in scope and power by the size of the charging capacitors. Commercially sold shock wave generators [right] are capable of producing focused acoustic or electromagnetic energy that can break up objects such as kidney stones and other similar materials.
This is something most people are unaware of, even if the treat is remote, it makes sense to be prepared, just in case!
Some attention has been paid to the potential cataclysmic effects of a natural phenomenon such as a massive solar storm, an event that has occurred in Americaa€™s horse-and-buggy era when it did not matter.
As the Heritage Foundation has reported, an EMP attack with a warhead detonated 25 to 300 miles above the U.S.
Few survival scenarios have captured the imagination (or spawned fear) like the electro-magnetic pulse. The most frightening scenario is the detonation of several high-energy EMPs over an unsuspecting nation. If the power is out, your credit and debit cards arena€™t going to do you much good, and the ancient art of bartering once again becomes a viable economic option.
Chemical light sticks are a good non-electric light source, but what about something with a longer burn time? Repairing and reinforcing your home wona€™t be very easy if all your tools require electricity. A Faraday cage (named for the 19th-century inventor, Michael Faraday), is any conductive structure that protects its contents from electrical pulses.


Line the inside of the box with cardboard to ensure that your electronics do not contact any of the foil or metal tape. With our beloved mobile phones inoperable after an EMP, youa€™ll be left with few options for distance communication. A home-defense shotgun and plenty of rounds to accompany it are potentially the most versatile means for self-defense in a grid-down scenario like an EMP attack.
VIDEO-As a nation founded in the pursuit of religious freedom, America can and must do more to root-out the religious intolerance that is helping to foster much of the political instability and violence we see today. In New York, Pope Francis Embraced Chrislam And Laid A Foundation For A One World Religion How to Keep Your Feet Healthy in the Field 6 Discreet Weapons You Can Carry Anywhere 38 Must Have Kitchen Items for Any Survivalist Chicken potato cakes What About Our Kids? Those BO:2 effects were made available when the game came out which was like mid-Nov of last year. We known that the Russians have EMP weapons because of their published (an sometimes not) research and experiments with the technology. Annual Pentagon reports on China's military in the past made only passing references to the arms. Peter Vincent Pry, a former CIA nuclear weapons analyst and president of EMPact America, a citizens lobbying group. Amid a chorus of international criticism, Pyongyang declared the mission a success and says a "satellite" was sent into orbit.
There would be blast effects and a hail of lethal neutrons but almost no radioactive fallout. Instead of generating additional explosive force from fission of the uranium, the cobalt is transmuted into cobalt-60, which has a half-life of 5.26 years and produces energetic and highly lethal (and thus penetrating) gamma rays. This prompted physicist Leo Szilard to call it a doomsday device since it was capable of wiping out life on earth. A simple ground based detonation would be sufficient to blast the cobalt-60 into the atmosphere where prevailing winds would carry it around the globe, turning Earth into something like Mars.
The 1.4 megaton detonation, called "Operation Starfish Prime" [right] occurred 250 miles above Johnston Island in the Pacific. Called the "Compton effect", the resulting pulse is like a radio signal and any metallic object acts like a receiving antenna.
What's even worst is that the lack of radio and television news will keep most people from understanding what has happened or how to respond. With no way to control the fission reaction these nuclear plants would eventually run away, reach critical states and melt down, releasing nuclear material in explosions similar to those in Fukushima, Japan. Oddly, old radio equipment using vacuum tubes are less likely to be hurt by the radiation than transistor circuitry and many existing Russian aircraft still maintain these old systems for this reason.[Above] Special Air Force E-4 being tested for EMP shielding.
The House Armed Services Committee issued its warning to Congress on July 10, 2008 citing the fact that the Russians have already tested small yield EMP weapons of 300 kilotons at altitudes of 60, 150 and 300 kilometers and produced the effects described above at distances up to 600 kilometers from the test site.
Because the gamma rays travel in a line of sight path, the most dramatic effect comes from a high altitude blast.
The altitude and coordinates of detonation can vary widely and the effects will be just as lethal to the electronics. A medium size nuke, detonated from between 150 and 500 miles anywhere over Kansas, would be enough to destroy a hundred years of technological development. If such a weapon is already up there, it is completely beyond our current capability to destroy it. These non-nuclear devices are smaller than nuclear fueled pulse generators but their effect can be just as effective over a limited geographic area.
All of the artificial "antennae" then become charged with enormous electrical currents which burn and render their components useless. In fact, a simple search of the internet yields plans and specifications for constructing small EMP devices from readily available components such as the megatrons from industrial microwave ovens, rated at 800 to 1200 watts, and several automotive batteries. EMP generators can produce pulses of electromagnetic energy that can destroy the sensitive electronics in computers and microprocessors. It is to make you aware that the technology is very real and that we are currently extremely vulnerable to the effects of this type of weapon.
Well, I know some people who have stopped putting their money in banks and have started storing food and water. This event or weapon, commonly known as an EMP, creates a short burst of electromagnetic energy that can disrupt or even destroy electronic devices and systems, potentially even the electrical power grid. Ita€™s best to hold onto food with a long shelf life and weapons that could be used against you. Paraffin oil is thicker than those and its flash point is 100 degrees higher than kerosene. Your simplest option is an old microwave oven or a tightly sealed metal garbage can (other options include an ammo can or a metal safe). You can use regular tape for this, although aluminum or copper tape will provide better security. But be aware that having electricity in a world without any would paint a big target on your back. A variety of shotgun loads can be used both against home intruders and for hunting wild game. In the end, you might end up giving a large share of food to the warlord who controls the region, but at least youa€™ll have some fooda€”and youa€™ll be a valuable person to the community.
Para reproducir la musica que tendra que actualizar su navegador o actualizar el Plugin de Flash. Sure, I know that the Sun can cause this type of energy burst, but could a nation develop such a horrific weapon? Pry believes they bore the "signature" of the Russian-designed "super-EMP" weapon, capable of emitting more gamma radiation than a 25-megaton nuclear weapon. This theoretically would cause minimal physical damage to buildings, equipment and infrastructure but would be highly effective at killing most living things. I remember one summer in 1962 when I thought my receiver was broken; I even bought new tubes for it.
Not only did the explosion shut down short wave radio communications in America, but it also overloaded and blew out over 300 streetlights in Oahu, Hawaii -- some 740 miles away! Whereas a radio signal might produce a thousandth of a volt or less in a receiving antenna, an EMP pulse produces thousands of volts.


You probably also depend on a cellphone and, most likely, you have a car to get you from home to work or to the market.
At such a high altitude, it could happen in the blink of an eye and might not be immediately associated with any type of explosion or blast. Even a small hole will allow the radiation to enter and any wires extending outside the shield will defeat the protection.
Here, the gamma rays can travel further and the Earth's magnetic field deflects the pulse back to the surface. If several are launched, the chances of one reaching its optimum height is almost guaranteed. By comparison, the space shuttle and space station orbit about 110 to 150 miles above Earth, well below the optimal detonation of a potential EMP weapon. Once it is detonated, our remaining electronic defense systems would be relatively useless. This vulnerability, if left unaddressed, could have grave, societal altering consequences."--Rep. These devices are said to be able, with the addition of a parabolic reflector, to disable the electronics of a modern car or truck within 200 meters. Destabilized LCR circuits can produce multi megawatt pulses by using an explosive wire disruptive switch to achieve an effect similar to larger EMP devices. Nations, like the US and Russia, have already developed these weapons on a scale capable of devastating our modern, technological dependent civilization.
An EMP can occur naturally, such as the pulse from a massive solar flare, but EMPs are also created by technological devices, typically nuclear weapons. Commonly used as fodder for apocalyptic novels like One Second After and doomsday TV shows like NBCa€™s Revolution, these weapons have become a fixture of pop culture.
A well bucket is a cylinder fitted with a couple hundred feet of string and lowered down slender modern wells to draw up water.
But other itemsa€”goods that serve no major constructive use in the home but are popular neverthelessa€”could be parted with if you can find a willing trading partner. This is where oil lamps come into play, my favorite being the lightweight Dietz Original lamp.
Hand saws and a hammer are obvious choices, but grab some less obvious choices too, like planes, block sanders, and a brace and bit for hole drilling and driving screws. A Faraday cage is easy to build, but since we dona€™t know the exact level of damage that can be caused by a weaponized EMP, ita€™s impossible to say which electronics might survive.
If these items are protected adequately in a Faraday cage, or the EMP was distant or of low strength, they might just work after the pulse is over. It would almost certainly be best to keep things like this to yourself, and keep backup electronics like charge controllers and inverters in a shielded container.
Many other items, besides the predictable shotguns, handguns, and rifles, can be used as tools for self-protection and defense. But even if your cellphone, radio or computer was still somehow working, there would be no electrical power in the grid -- for a long time. On every band, on every frequency, there was a loud and annoying hiss that lasted for a couple of days. Antennae, pipelines, underground gas and water pipes, metal fences, iron railroad tracks, power lines, telephone wires, electric cables -- all suddenly act like antennae and become the recipient of huge currents, starting fires, explosions and frying all forms of circuitry beyond repair.
Once the EMP has been discharged, the circuitry of subsequent missile eletronics will be useless, leaving the victims vulnerable to more attacks.
Then an explosive charge begins at one end of the coil, shorting the coil by compressing it against the metallic shield. Some are even exercising more, getting ready for long walks along deserted highways and roads.
In the event that this threat moves from fiction to reality, here are some things you ought to consider having in place. Once a wick is contaminated with paraffin, it must be replaced in order for the lamp to burn properly with a different fuel.
You could even pull out the hand tools mentioned above and board up a few ground floor windows in the back of the house and other likely ingress points around your home. Having the knowledge, means, and location to grow food crops and livestock might just keep you alive during a multi-year blackout. More troubling is that all of our defensive systems are designed to target a potential warhead as it re-enters. The explosion releases certain energies that spread out and radiate a large area underneath it. The effect changes the inductance of the coil, essentially shortening the field as the explosion advances down the tube. The heat output is around 900 BTUa€™s per hour, and it puts out an average of 7 candle power with a half inch of burning wick exposed. Note that batteries are not affected by EMP, so they dona€™t need to be included in your stash.
No corners should be cut when it comes to your familya€™s defense during a crisis situation. The higher up it happens, the more the radiation can extend beyond the curve of the horizon. The lamps cost about $11 each and operate on an average of 3 cents worth of lamp oil per hour. Ita€™s hard to impress upon the average modern person the luxury that they are tapping into every time they use a mobile phone. With that option gone, Ia€™m sure that most millennials would succumb to temporary insanity.



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Electromagnetic waves notes
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Rubric: Emergency Preparedness Survival



Comments

  1. Desant016
    Once that is done the items can be as damaging.
  2. NIKO_375
    Power from gamma rays to totally free electrons apart under.