Enerji, uluslararas? iliskiler, hukuk, ekonomi, egitim, kultur ve cevre konular?na yogunlasan Enstitu, Turkiye ve dunyan?n onde gelen dusunce kuruluslar?ndan biri olmay? hedeflemektedir. Hazar Strateji Enstitusu taraf?ndan duzenlenecek etkinliklerden onceden haberdar olmak ve yeni yay?nlanan dergi, rapor, makale ve bultenlere ulasmak icin formu doldurman?z yeterlidir.
For those wanting to get deeper into the mind of the insider, users should read the seminal work “Ten Tales of Betrayal[iii]” by Dr. In a comparative analysis, the study found that at the time of the attack only one offender was employed by the organization. The paper concludes with nineteen key findings with implications relevant to prevention, detection and personnel management. The study found that while the subjects had diverse backgrounds and were employed in a variety of positions, one thing was clear—nine out of ten subjects were dealing with some of sort of serious employment problem that ended, or threatened, their job. When looking for information on insider threats, there is no better resource The CERT Insider Threat Center run by Carnegie Mellon University’s Software Engineering Institute (SEI).
SEI maintains the CERT insider threat database, which documents more than 700 insider threat cases.
For those looking for a shorter read, the CERT division has published an online best practices guide. These guidelines can also be found in the more comprehensive “Common Sense Guide to Mitigating Insider Threats, 4th edition[v]” which presents each best practice in full and discusses how and why to use them. ISO 27002 is a comprehensive standard that provides best practices for implementing and maintaining any information security management system, but it can be overwhelming to read. In part II of this article we’ll explore why Privilege User Management (PUM) and Privilege User Password Management (PUPM) are at the core of inadvertent insider threats, and why it is so crucial that all administrators log on and work with their own credentials.
Last month was European Cyber Security Month (ECSM), and this year’s theme was ‘Cyber Security is a Shared Responsibility’, reflecting the notion that cyberspace cannot be secured without the help of all users. We’ve spoken to two experts in the area of insider threat to provide some insight into what it is and how it can be defended against. GC: In our industry, insider threat is essentially any threat that relates to information on the network, and it could be either a malicious act or due to just plain negligence.
GC: If you look at it from a data perspective, every organization has some type of data that makes it unique – this could be a customer list or a business strategy – anything that has economic value or is a financial driver. FA: Think about all the files and folders that are stored on your organization’s internal network – any part of this information could become a target. Organizations should get all the right stakeholders in one room to really understand what they are trying to achieve in terms of security and from there create a robust insider threat program that is part of the business process. FA: At a more granular level, you can set and enforce rules to restrict and control user logins as well as access to specific files and folders. Repeated training can be quite boring and attendance is in no way a measurement of effectiveness.
FA: Training and software solutions are both important but in order to create a culture of cyber security, they must work together and not be treated as separate tools. Q: Many industries work under regulations with regards to internal security, how do you think organizations in these industries view compliance? GC: In the US, there is a lot of regulation and in industries that have personal and public involvement like in healthcare, it is taken very seriously.
So most organizations meet regulation needs but they should do more than that – they should make risk management part of the whole-company strategy. FA: Most regulated organizations view compliance seriously and take all the necessary steps to meet the industry-set criteria.
In the ongoing fight to protect an organization from insider threats, the fundamentals matter most.
Boston, December 17, 2015 – Internal hits to an organization’s cybersecurity are critical to prevent, since trusted individuals have access to the firm’s operations, systems, and highly confidential data. This report discusses insider threats, firms’ protection methods and challenges, and associated financial costs.


Aite Group covers issues the world over—use this menu to find content about specific geographies.
Shaw and Stock provide a Risk Assessment Checklist, which gives detailed steps for areas like pre-employment screening and training and education. The section on prevention deals with things like stressors as risk indicators and potential means for prevention. The book available in hardback, provides practical guidance on how to identify hidden signs of IT sabotage, IP theft, and fraud, and provides useful tools that are applicable to executives, managers, security officers and operational staff. A useful aspect of this guide is that it maps all the steps to the National Institutes of Standards and Technology (NIST) Special Publication 800-53 and the International Organization for Standards (ISO) 27002:2005. In this article we explored why malicious threats are less about technology and more about personnel. Meanwhile, Week 2’s topic ‘Creating a culture of cyber security at work’ related closely to what is most organizations’ weakest link – its employees. The first is Francois Amigorena, President & CEO at IS Decisions, a solutions provider specializing in securing internal user network access, that works with big name organizations including Barclays, Dell and US Department of Justice. Putting security measures in place that will track, monitor and restrict data access and movement is therefore hugely valuable. Preventing or limiting concurrent or multiple logins is one such restriction that will reduce what’s called the ‘attack surface’ – the sum of vulnerable points open to a breach.
But often after employees go through security training, they sign a form and the task is done. So training needs to be part of the overall process improvement so we recommend exercises with employees where someone poses as an insider and does activities to really test out your system. Most insider threat breaches are down to plain human error but you don’t want your staff to think that the software solutions are there as part of a witch-hunt.
New malwares are being written everyday and from a legal perspective, organizations can often say that they were compliant in line with government regulations but that does not necessarily stop a breach. However, when you see a case like the one earlier this year when hackers infected a Chinese restaurant’s online menu with malware to target employees of an oil company, it shows that a threat can come from anywhere. Organizations need to realize that there is no longer a ‘one-size-fits-all’ solution – even for regulated industries.
IS Decisions software offers organizations proven and effective solutions to help protect a Windows Network against Insider Threats. As such, experts are concerned the number of massive data breaches, which captured headlines in 2014, will continue in 2015 while companies remain flustered.  "As the past year demonstrates, these threats are real and need to be addressed," said Alan Kessler, CEO of Vormetric. An insider threat can be accidental or malicious, but the outcome is the same: exposure of the organization’s data or information and damage to its systems, operations, or reputation. It is based on Aite Group’s 2015 discussions with asset managers and global custodian service providers as well as vendors’ product demonstrations to understand perspectives and insights on cybersecurity and the insider threat.
Clients of Aite Group’s Institutional Securities & Investments service can download this report. But analysts now believe that insider threats, whether malicious or inadvertent, may pose the greatest risk.
Implications related to detection talks social and cultural conflicts as risks and the occurrence of personal problems prior to an attack. These steps include best practices such as starting with the hiring process and incorporating insider threat awareness into periodic security trainings, to implementing stringent access controls and monitoring policies on privileged users. The fact is that many, if not most, security breaches involve internal users, and this risk is known as ‘insider threat’. The second is Greg Cullison, Senior Executive of Security, Suitability & Insider Threat Programs at Big Sky Associates, specialists in helping federal and commercial organizations mitigate threats, discuss how understanding insider threats plays an important part in creating a culture of cyber security. The most common is the employee who has legitimate access to the system and data as part of their job.
This is obviously a significant risk, but the more common occurrence comes from human error.


If there aren’t any protocols in place for when a breach happens, by the time you find out about it it could be too late to recover or even minimize the damage. Monitor real-time access across the network on all sessions including Wi-Fi and VPN, and record and audit who was connected, from which system, since what time and for how long. This is not enough – companies should follow up on training because here is where the danger lies if there are no reminders. It is important to educate them on why the tools are there, how they work and how employees can proactively be a part of the process that helps safeguard company information.
Media coverage on beaches also gets organizations to take notice of compliance because if there is a breach, they don’t want the same thing to happen to them. You then start to think about combining different risk procedures that will help protect your employees and your company information more effectively. Creating a culture of cyber security within and for your employees is paramount in helping to safeguard your company against insider threats. As the average employee becomes more tech-savvy and the need for robust countermeasure programs increases, what are firms’ best defenses against their insider threats? Fischer who provide their observations and analysis on ten insider threats that occurred before 2003. The section on personnel management covers issues such as failure to perform basic screenings. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and other federal agencies, together with the academic and vendor communities in conducting research and analysis to develop solutions to combat insider cyber threats. It contains the ISO 17799 Glossary defines all the terminology and has a concise history of how the standard first evolved from the British Standards Institute (BSI) BS 7799 Code of Practice.
Then there is the outside worker who is temporarily contracted to do a job within the company. This will help flag anomalies in individual usage, which will help you see and respond to potential breaches in advance, as well as provide an audit trail to minimize damage in the event of a breach. Organizations have to understand what they need to achieve and then set policies in place to meet these objectives. On the other hand technology can help with the training process, by giving users reminders of policy ‘in situ’, for instance if they are trying to login from a new device. Talking to organizations about compliance and risk in terms of revenue losses helps them relate to it better. The cases were selected by the Defense Personnel Security Research Center (PERSEREC), where in each case a disgruntled of self-interested offender seriously damaged or compromised the operability of critical information systems.
The study analyzed personal stressors that affected each employee; a demotion, a rejection or some sort of betrayal. And finally, there is the ‘outside insider’ who has gained access to the network through the acquisition of passwords or a lost device such as a laptop or USB stick. This leaves the organization wide open to social engineering tactics, whereby an outsider could gain access not with clever hacking techniques but by tricking a user into sharing access. It can also provide a more engaging way to educate employees, IS Decisions’ ‘The Weakest Link’ is a fun free online game we created for users to play, testing their security awareness. What was surprising to me was that in all cases the employer knew about the nature of the disgruntlement well in advance of the attack.
For example with IT and HR working together, you can have a policy in place to monitor an employee who might have been flagged as having grievances or performance issues.



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