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The idea of building a magnetic generator that produces free electricity is often referred to ask being ridiculous and impossible by many people.
If you have the right plans you can basically go totally off the grid and simply rely on something like a car battery to power your whole house!
Although the this is actually an over-unity device and not a free energy generator it will still result in the same thing, free electricity!
There will always be a lot of controversy surrounding these kinds of devices but those people who have already built theirs certainly aren’t complaining! The monumental nature of the invention is obvious, especially in a world facing an alarming, escalating energy shortage. Johnson, who has been coping with disbelievers for decades, can be very persuasive in a face-to-face encounter because he can not do more than merely theorize; he can demonstrate working models that unquestionably create motion using only permanent magnets. Howard Johnson refuses to view the "laws" of science as somehow sacred, so doing the unthinkable and succeeding is second nature to him. The critics say Johnson offers a "free lunch" solution to energy problems, and that there can be no such thing. Johnson is the first to admit he doesn't actually know where the power be has tapped derives. This article is prefaced with the foregoing brief summary of the ongoing controversy so that, in fairness to the inventor, we might all view his claims with open minds, even if it means temporary setting aside of cherished scientific concepts until more complete explanations are forthcoming. Before providing the answer, we need to face up to another question that undoubtedly nags in the minds of many readers: Is Johnson a bona fide researcher, or merely a "garage mechanic" mad inventor?
For the military he invented a ceramic muffler that makes a portable motor generator silent at 50 feet; this has been in production for the past 18 years.
Despite his impressive credentials, this amiable and unpretentious inventor likes to characterize himself as a "Sticky tape" scientist. Perhaps the best way to describe what these three gadgets do is by reciting this writer's personal experiences during the interview demonstration. The first item consists of more than a dozen foil-wrapped magnets assembled to form a broad arc. A transparent plastic sheet atop this magnet assembly supports a length of plastic model railroad track. I was prepared to develop eye strain in an effort to detect some sort of motion in the vehicle. I tried the experiment myself, and could feel the powerful magnetic forces at work as I placed the vehicle on the track. The second device has the U-shaped magnets standing on end in a rough circular arrangement oddly reminiscent of England's Stonehenge. The 40 pound magnet assembly immediately began to turn and accelerated to a very respectable rotating speed which it maintained for as long as the focusing magnet was held in the magnetic field. Since this assembly is clearly a crude sort of motor, there's no doubt that it is indeed possible to construct a motor powered solely by permanent magnets. The third assembly, which looks like the bones of some prehistoric sea creature, consists of a tunnel constructed of rubber magnet material that can be easily bent to form rings.
It took Johnson about six years of legal hassling to finally obtain his patent, and he has been congratulated for his ultimate victory over patent office bureaucracy as well as for his inventiveness. The tunnel device of course worked very well in the inventor's office during my visit although Johnson observed that the rubber magnets are perhaps a thousand times weaker than the cobalt samarium magnets used the other assemblies. The drawing that shows a curved "arcuate" armature magnet in three successive positions over a line of fixed stator magnets provides at least highly simplified insights into the theory of permanent magnet motive power generation.
Note that the stator magnets all have their North faces upward, and that they are resting on a high magnetic permeability support plate that helps concentrate the force fields. As the armature north pole passes over a magnet, it is repelled by the stator north pole; and there's an attraction when the north pole is passing over a space between the stator magnets. The various magnetic forces that come into play are extremely complex, but the drawing shows some of the fundamental relationships.
As the top drawing indicates, the leading (N) pole of the armature is repelled by the north poles of the two adjacent magnets. Also note that once the armature is in motion, it has momentum that helps carry it into the sphere of influence of the next pair of magnets where it gets another push and pull, and additional momentum. Some very complex magnetic forces are obviously at play in this deceptively simple magnetic system, and at this time it is impossible to develop a mathematical model of what actually occurs.
As Professor Harrison points out, in addition to the obvious interaction between the two poles of the armature magnet and the stator magnets, many other interactions are in play. All these interrelated factors must be optimized, which is why computer analysis in this refinement stage is vital.
That very different magnetic conditions exist at the two ends of the armature is shown by the actual experimental data displayed in the table and associated graph. Now "Instinct" might suggest, and correctly so, that the flux measurements at the top and bottom of the air gap will differ. Similar readings made at the air gap between the south pole of the armature and the stator magnets indicates a total flux at "Zero" level of 33,725 Gauss, and 24,700 Gauss at the top of the air gap.
The middle five pairs of figures from each table hive been plotted in graphic form to make these differences more obvious.
The second graph shows that the changes are much less dramatic at the north pole of the armature.
A motor based on Johnson's findings would be of extremely simple design compared to conventional motors. There is a noticeable pulsing action in the simple prototype units that may be undesirable in a practical motor. For inventor Howard Johnson and his permanent magnet power source there's bound to be plenty of controversy, certainly, but also progress.
For example, Johnson argues that the magnetic forces in a permanent magnet represent superconductance that is akin to phenomena normally associated only with extremely cold superconducting systems. And for those who pooh- pooh the idea that permanent magnets do work, Johnson has an answer: "You come along with a magnet and pick up a piece of iron, then some physicist says you didn't do any work because you used that magnet. There's no doubt in Johnson's mind that he has succeeded in extracting usable energy from the atoms of permanent magnets. The dilemma facing Johnson is not really his dilemma but rather that of other scientists who have observed his prototypes. Today when energy is so expensive, it is not hard to drum up interst for most any avenue that offers a breath of hope or a way of escape, but this was not necessarily so in 1942. So, in 1942 using the Bohr model of the atom, and knowing that unpaired electron spins created a permanent magnet dipole, I kept wondering why we couldn't use these fields to drive something.
At the same time there were no good hard magnetic materials that I knew of, materials that could be opposed with strong magnetic fields and not be demagnetized enough to damage them.
Having a chemical background, I thought it would be nice to use the best magnetic materials I could find in combination with an interstitial material that was highly diamagnetic to force the electron spin to stay in place.
So I kept checking magnetic materials while I worked on designs that I thought should be implemented. In the fifties, as ceramic magnets became better and harder, and long-field metal magnets appeared on the scene, I began to freeze some designs and to have magnets custom made to fit them. It was about this time that I mentioned the fact that just as I believed electron spins made permanent magnets, I also believed that they were responsible for the 60° angles in the structure of snowflakes giving the six-spoked wheel, the six-sided spokes, etc. My comment was, "Well, maybe this is more important than I thought." So I went ahead and worked on it another ten years.


Finally, using the best ceramic magnets I could find and the best metal magnets, I worked out a scheme for a linear motor.
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This small motor that consumes a very small amount of electricity then powers your device which then outputs a lot more electricity than it consumes.
This is something that the people who talk about the magnetic generator scam just don’t seem to understand.
Yet inventor Johnson is not rushing to peddle his creation as the end-all solution to world- wide energy problems.
When this writer was urged by the editor of Science & Mechanics to make a thousand mile pilgrimage to Blacksburg, Virginia, to meet with the inventor, he went there as an "open-minded skeptic" and as a former research Scientist determined not to be fooled.
If a particular law gets in the way, he sees no harm in going around it for a while to see if there's something on the other side.
Johnson demurs, reminding repeatedly that he has never suggested that his invention provides something for nothing. But he postulates that the energy may be associated with spinning electrons, perhaps in the form of a "presently unnamed atomic particle." How do other physicists react to Johnson's suggestion that there may be an atomic particle so far overlooked by nuclear physicists? The main question to be answered here and now is this: Does Johnson permanent magnet motor work?
As the following brief summary suggests, the inventor's credentials appear to be impeccable. Top left is a linear motor which propels a magnetic vehicle at high speeds through a series of rings. He sees no virtue in wasting time building fancy, elaborate equipment when more simple assemblies serve as well to test new ideas.
That way I will not merely be telling what the inventor says they do, but I will reveal what happened when I tried the experiments myself. Each magnet is extended upward slightly at each end to form a low U-shape, the better to concentrate magnetic fields where they are needed. The vehicle, basically a model railroad flatcar, supports a foil-wrapped pair of curved magnets, plus some sort of weight, in some cases merely a rock. I gently eased the vehicle to the critical starting point, taking great care not to exert any kind of forward push, even inadvertently. It was "frozen" there by the electronic flash used to make the picture; there is no way of "posing" the vehicle in that position short of tying it down.
This assembly is mounted on a transparent plastic sheet supported on a plywood panel pivoted, underneath, on a free turning wheel obtained from a skateboard.
When the focusing magnet was reversed, the large assembly turned in the opposite direction. One sign that he left the patent office more than a little shaken by the experience was the inclusion of diagrammatic material in the printed patent that does not belong there. Johnson says curved magnets with sharp leading and trailing edges are important because they focus and concentrate the magnetic energy much more effectively than do blunt-end magnets. Solid lines represent attraction forces, dashed lines represent repulsion forces, and double lines in each case indicate the more dominant forces. Here also there is the added advantage of, in this case, repulsion force between the south pole of the armature and the south pole in the space between the stator magnets. If it is either too long or too short, it could achieve an undesirable equilibrium condition that would stall movement.
However, computer analysis of the system, conducted by Professor William Harrison and his associates at Virginia Polytechnic Institute (Blacksburg, VA), provide vital feedback information that greatly helps in the effort to optimize these complex forces to achieve the most efficient possible operating design. To obtain this information, the researchers first passed the probe of an instrument used to measure magnetic field strengths over the stator magnets and the intervening spaces.
But if "instinct" also suggests that these differences are pretty much the same at the two armature pole positions, you would be very much in error!
This time the difference is a much larger 9,025 Gauss, or four and one half times greater than for the north pole! In the top "South Pole" graph the dashed line connects, the "Zero" level readings made over the stator magnets and over the intervening air spaces. In the case of the north pole data, the stator magnet areas repulse the armature north pole while the spaces between the stator magnets attract.
The movement can be smoothed, the inventor believes, by simply using two or more staggered armature magnets as shown in another drawing. A 5000 watt electric generator powered by a permanent magnet motor is already on the way, and Johnson has firm licensing agreements with at least four companies at this writing.
Johnson wants nothing to do with Detroit at this time because, as he puts it: "It's too emotional - we'd get smashed into the earth!" The inventor is equally reluctant to make predictions about other applications as well, mainly because he just wants time to perfect his ideas and, hopefully, get the scientific establishment to at least consider his unorthodox ideas with a more open mind.
He argues that a magnet is a room temperature superconducting system because the electron flow does not cease, and because this electron flow can be made to do work.
But does that imply that the electron spins and associated phenomena that he thinks provide this power will eventually be used up?
But his greater challenge may be to win general acceptance of his ideas by an obviously nervous scientific community in which many physicists remain compulsive about defending the law of Conservation of Energy without ever wondering whether that "law" really needs defending. I was sure that the magnetic effect of the spins was similar enough to the field of a current in a wire to do the same thing. Navy later made such a compound using bismuth and good magnetic materials, but the internal coercive forces were so great that this strong magnet would fall apart if not encased in glass. It was a quiet, sometimes lonely job over the years, for I didn't share my plans with my associates.
The dean of the school where I was teaching said, "Maybe so" and ask me if I knew that snowflakes were mentioned in the Bible as being important. The "off" amount and percentage simply signifies the calculated difference between the seller-provided original price for the item and the seller's current discounted price. Packaging should be the same as what is found in a retail store, unless the item is handmade or was packaged by the manufacturer in non-retail packaging, such as an unprinted box or plastic bag. You have read and agree to the Global Shipping Program terms and conditions - opens in a new window or tab. Import charges previously quoted are subject to change if you increase you maximum bid amount.
This is all caused by the fact that it’s actually an over unity device and not a free energy generator. The electricity that you produce can then be fed straight back into your home power supply and greatly reduce your electricity bill.
Johnson explains the persistent opposition he experiences from the established scientific community this way: "Physics is a measurement science and physicists are especially determined to protect the Law of Conservation of Energy. He also points gut that no one talks about a "free lunch" when discussing extraction of enormous amounts of atomic power by means of nuclear reactors and atom bombs.


Following seven years of college and university training, Johnson worked on atomic energy projects at Oak Ridge, did magnetics research for Burroughs company, and served as scientific consultant to Lukens Steel. He has also worked on silencers for small motors, a super charger, and has perfected a 92-pole no-brush generator to go in the wheel of Lincoln automobiles as a skid control; that last item reduced the cost to one-eighth of the cost of an earlier design by utilizing metal-filled plastics for the armature and field.
The prototype devices shown in the photographs in this article were assembled with sticky tape and aluminum foil, the later material being used mainly to keep individual, permanent magnets packaged together so that they do not fly apart. When we start talking about how and why the things work as they do, well have to rely on the inventor's explanations.
The overall curvature of the mass of magnets apparently has no particular significance except to show that the distance between these stator magnets and the moving vehicle is not critical.
The weight is needed to keep the vehicle down on the track, against the powerful magnetic forces that would otherwise push it askew. The moment the inventor let go of the vehicle be carefully placed at one end of the track, it accelerated and literally zipped from one end to the other and flew onto the floor! As instructed, I eased the 8-ounce focusing magnet into the ring of larger magnets, keeping it at least four inches away from the ring. So if you look up the patent, pay no attention to the "ferrite" graph on the first page; it belongs in some other patent!
According to the inventor, the magnets used to construct the Stonehenge rotating model are collectively worth more than one thousand dollars.
This left movement is enhanced by the attraction force between the armature north pole and the stator south pole at the bottom of the space between the stator magnets.
The objective is to optimize all force conditions to develop the greatest possible off-balance condition, but always' in the same direction as the armature magnet moves along the row of stator magnets.
Magnet distances and their strengths vary despite best efforts of manufacturers to exercise quality controls. As changes are made in the physical design, fast dynamic measurements are made to see whether the expected results have actually been achieved. We shall call this the "Zero" level although there is a very tiny gap between the probe and the tops of the stator magnets. Clearly, the magnetic force conditions are far from identical at the two ends of the armature magnet. Points along the solid line indicate comparable readings made with the probe just beneath the armature south pole. Three arcuate armature magnets would be mounted in the armature which has a belt groove for power transmission. Johnson makes no pretense of knowing the answer: I didn't start the electron spins, and I don't know any way to stop them - do you? And it took faith to consider facing the opposition later when I made my work known and faced all the status quo people. I had no knowledge of electron spins stopping and knew no method that I could exert to stop them, so I decided to try to work out a method to use them. My self-imposed security would not permit it, and I knew of few people who would be interested anyway.
If you reside in an EU member state besides UK, import VAT on this purchase is not recoverable.
But because, inventor Howard Johnson is not the sort of man to be intimidated by such seemingly authoritative pronouncements, he now owns U.S.
First, there's the need to refine his laboratory prototypes into workable practical devices -in particular a 5,000-watt electric power generator already in the building.
He has participated in the development of medical electrical products, including injection devices.
In all, Johnson is connected with more than 30 patents in the fields of chemistry and physics.
The 8-ounce manget, hand held to the large ring weighing 40 pounds, provides enough force to spin the entire assembly. Normally the patent examiners spend only a few minutes with each patent applicant, but played with Johnson's devices for the better part of an hour. But there's no need to depend solely on mass-production economies to bring the cost down to competitive levels.
In this case the armature pole (S) is attracted by the north surfaces of the adjacent stator magnets but, because of the critical armature dimensioning, more strongly by the magnet (double solid line) that tends to "pull" the armature to the left. However, if the armature is rotated 180 degrees and started at the opposite end of the track, it would behave in exactly the same manner except that it would, in this example, move from left to right.
In the assembly of the working model, there are inevitable differences between horizontal and vertical air spaces. The 'new computer data is then used to develop new changes in the design of the experimental model.
These measurements in effect indicate what each pole of the armature magnet "sees" below as it passes over.
It is easy to see that there is an average 43% reduction of the attraction between the armature and stator magnets created by the air gap. When the south pole passes over a magnet, there is strong attraction; when it passes over a space, there is repulsion. The armature is supported on ball bearings on a shaft that either screws or slides into the stator unit.
And all that Johnson is really saying to the scientific community is this: here is a phenomenon which seems to contradict some of our traditional beliefs. He has spend many years making these studies, and he had learned a lot, as well as turning out one of the world's most beautiful books. His second and perhaps more difficult major challenge: persuade a host of skeptics that his ideas are indeed practical.
In the third assembly above, the vehicle is propelled, in either direction, by the force of the large magnets arranged below tracks. Knowing that I would be asked if the track might have had a slant, I reversed the vehicle and started it from the opposite end of the track. Equally true, but perhaps not so obvious, is the fact that there is an average 36% increase of repulsion when the south pole of the armature passes over the spaces between the stator magnets. Or you can hold one magnet in the air indefinitely by positioning it over another magnet with like poles facing. For all our sakes let's not dismiss it outright but take the time to understand the complex forces at work here.
He had found that snowflakes have gas pockets oriented on 60° angles and that the gas has a higher percentage of oxygen than air. 4,151,431 which describes how it is possible to generate motive power, as in a motor, using only the energy contained in the atoms of permanent magnets. The percentage increase only seems smaller because it applies to a much smaller "Zero" level value. This higher concentration of oxygen also interested me because oxygen is more attracted to a magnetic field than other gases. Johnson has discovered how to build motors that run without an input of electricity or any other kind of external energy! In light of these tests, and considering the remarkable speed of the vehicle, you can discount any notion that this was a simple "coasting" effect.



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Comments

  1. BEKO
    Has the specific duty to secure the key.
  2. Killer_girl
    Just started watching the National.
  3. JESSICA
    Production systems and services is not actually and comply with the specifications to the letter to ensure.