For at least a decade, electricity production has been the largest single contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions. First, I needed to identify the most appropriate metric for cross-country analysis of electricity.
The IEA publishes excellent standardized time series data for electricity generation by fuel for most countries around the world. At first glance, these two graphs give the impression that India’s electricity generation has taken off, while the EU-27’s has remained fairly stagnant. Luckily, the IEA makes their data on annual electricity generation by fuel freely available to the public, so I used their data to make my own graphs from 2001-2011 for the world’s top 5 GHG emitters. These five entities produce 65% of the world’s electricity and 55% of the world’s anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions (data combined from IEA and CAIT). In my opinion, rather than seeking a grand multilateral agreement between every country in the world, regardless of GDP and political will, perhaps the more practical solution is for the US, China, and the EU to find ways to change their fuel mix to less carbon intensive power generation.
Petroleum & Other LiquidsCrude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids.
Natural GasExploration and reserves, storage, imports and exports, production, prices, sales. ElectricitySales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions. Consumption & EfficiencyEnergy use in homes, commercial buildings, manufacturing, and transportation.
CoalReserves, production, prices, employ- ment and productivity, distribution, stocks, imports and exports. Renewable &Alternative FuelsIncludes hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol. Total EnergyComprehensive data summaries, comparisons, analysis, and projections integrated across all energy sources.
Analysis & ProjectionsMonthly and yearly energy forecasts, analysis of energy topics, financial analysis, Congressional reports. Markets & FinanceFinancial market analysis and financial data for major energy companies. InternationalInternational energy information, including overviews, rankings, data, and analyses. I note that the analysis of energy in Israel in this site is not covered in details as other countries?
You are correct, not all countries, including in this case Israel, have detailed analysis briefs. Our maps and graphs are available for download, and are also easily embeddable for use on external websites, blogs, and newsletters.
Dear Sirs, I have been using your data for almost 20 yrs, in particular the international Petroleum data. I am looking for bbl and bcf , not Btu , can you tell me where to look for country's oil bbl and gas in bcf? Where can I find the original spreadsheets with the country data for Crude + Condensate and the one for all liquids.
If you are looking to PDF other sections of the site (the country overview page, for example), you can use any number of free, open source packages to create a PDF.
Feedback submissions that use profanity, offensive language, or fail to address the product undergoing beta testing will not be posted.
Personally identifiable information, such as full names or email addresses, will be redacted from the published feedback. Iraq has the fifth largest proved crude oil reserves in the world, and it is the second-largest crude oil producer in OPEC. Iraq was the second-largest crude oil producer in the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) in 2014, and it holds the world's fifth largest proved crude oil reserves after Venezuela, Saudi Arabia, Canada, and Iran. Iraq holds about 18% of proved crude oil reserves in the Middle East and almost 9% of total global reserves. According to the Oil & Gas Journal, Iraq held 144 billion barrels of proved crude oil reserves as of January 1, 2015, representing almost 18% of proved reserves in the Middle East and almost 9% of global reserves, ranking fifth in the world.3 Iraq's resources are not evenly divided across sectarian-demographic lines.
The Ministry of Oil in Baghdad oversees oil and natural gas development and production in all but the Kurdish territory through its operating entities, the North Oil Company (NOC) and the Midland Oil Company (MDOC) in the north and central regions, and the South Oil Company (SOC) and the Missan Oil Company (MOC) in southern regions. Production in the northern region controlled by the KRG in the past has tended to fluctuate because of disputes with the central Iraqi government, but recently it has steadily increased. 1 This is the latest information available prior to the June 2014 attack by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. 2 Iraq's actual production level is much lower than capacity as most oil fields are producing below capacity because of infrastructure constraints. The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) launched an attack in Iraq in early June 2014, taking over Mosul, one of the largest cities in the north, and subsequently other nearby towns. During the second half of June, ISIL attacked Baiji, Iraq's largest oil refinery, causing the refinery to halt operations. After skirmishes between ISIL and KRG forces around the Kirkuk and Bai Hassan fields, the KRG took over operations at the Avana Dome, a part of the Kirkuk field, and Bai Hassan in July 2014. A December 2014 deal reached between Baghdad and the KRG has allowed Kirkuk crude to be transported via the KRG pipeline to Ceyhan, providing Baghdad with a commercial outlet for its northern production (see section on Issues between the Kurdistan Regional Government and Baghdad).
Iraq is undertaking an ambitious program to develop its oil fields and to increase its oil production. From 2010-12, Iraq held a third bidding round for natural gas fields and a fourth round (with few bids submitted) for fields that contain predominantly crude oil.
In northern Iraq, the Kirkuk field has experienced precipitous capacity declines over the past decade.
Iraq does not have more than seven days of storage capacity.21 As a result, when poor weather conditions hit the Persian Gulf or if any event causes Iraq's exports to halt, production at the oil fields would also have to be halted soon after because of the insufficient storage capacity. Iraq also plans to continue to increase its export capacity to meet ambitious production targets. Most of Iraq's major crude oil pipelines are located in the north and are currently not operable. Two parallel lines (a 40-inch and 46-inch) that transport oil produced in northern Iraq to the Ceyhan port.
It carries crude produced at the Khurmala Dome and also crude sent there from nearby fields, including Taq Taq. This is a reversible pipeline meant to transport northern Kirkuk crude to the southern Basra Port and vice versa.
The portion that runs through Saudi Arabia was converted to transport natural gas to power plants (see Saudi Arabia CAB). Iraqi refineries produce more heavy fuel oil than is needed domestically and not enough of other refined products, such as gasoline. Iraqi refineries produce too much heavy fuel oil relative to domestic needs, and not enough other refined products such as gasoline. Under november 2012 passerade USA Saudiarabien och blev varldens storsta producent av raolja.
USA var varldens nast storsta petroleumproducerande land under 2012 med en genomsnittlig produktion om 11 miljoner fat per dygn (se det nedre diagrammet).


Siffrorna bygger emellertid pa den internationella manadsstatistiken over den globala oljeproduktionen som EIA tillhandahaller. Tack vare de betydande okningarna i skifferoljeproduktionen i North Dakota och Texas, okade USAs totala oljeproduktion med mer an 7 procent under perioden augusti till november 2012, medan produktionen i Saudiarabien minskade med 4 procent under samma period. Aven om det finns variationer i oljeproduktionen som kan innebara att USA inte kommer att kunna fortsatta att producera mer olja an Saudiarabien varje manad, kommer den uppatgaende trenden i den amerikanska oljeproduktionen att fortsatta. Nyheten att USA blev varldens storsta petroleumproducent i november ar en annan viktig milstolpe i USA:s nya energiera, och speglar vikten av genombrottet for de revolutionara utvinningsteknikerna som anvands for skifferolja, hydraulisk sprackning (fracking) och horisontell borrning.
NyhetsbrevAnmal dig garna till vart nyhetsbrev for att fa de senaste nyheterna om ravarumarknaden.
Yet, apples to apples comparisons between countries and fuel sources are surprisingly difficult to find.
A power plant’s capacity factor measures this ratio of power produced over time against its potential output at full nameplate capacity. For country-level analysis, the IEA uses annual terawatt hours generated (TWh – trillion watt hours), organized by fuel source.
This is misleading because both the x-axes and y-axes for the two graphs are scaled differently. The charts also make clear that the power sectors in China, the US, and the EU are magnitudes larger than any other country on Earth. This is already occurring in some EU countries like Germany, France, and the Netherlands (at least before the Fukushima disaster) as well as in the United States. Exactly what I needed to bring me up to speed for my research on Michigan and on the Midwest - thanks! We are constantly adding new data series' to our database, data for current years will be added as it is available.
To do this, select the country, or countries, and fuel source(s) you would like to see data for and click the download button. I am writing a book chapter and referenced your site, where I found terrific info on India and Japan several months ago.
Before the layout, I was able to find annual #s of net exports of petro for each country, and now I have no idea where it is. Most of Iraq's major known fields are producing or in development, though much of its known hydrocarbon resources have not been fully exploited.
The government is currently renegotiating field production targets set in Technical Service Contracts (TSCs) previously signed with international oil companies (IOCs).
Despite having large reserves, increases in oil production have fallen behind ambitious targets because of infrastructure constraints and political disputes. The International Energy Agency (IEA) estimated that the Iraqi Kurdistan Region contained 4 billion barrels of proved reserves.6 KRG's estimate is much higher because it is a resource estimate that includes unproved resources. In the Iraqi Kurdistan Region, the KRG, with its Ministry of Natural Resources, oversees oil and gas development and production. Supply disruptions in the north escalated in 2014 after the Iraq-Turkey (IT) pipeline flows were completely halted in March. Also, a portion of northern production is not being produced commercially and is considered a supply disruption.
Energy Information Administration based on information from the Energy Intelligence Group, Iraq Oil Report, and Middle East Economic Survey. At the time this report was published, the Iraqi government regained control of Baiji, though the refinery is still not operational. Shortly after, KRG restarted commercial production at those fields, which allowed the KRG to increase oil flows through its newly built pipeline that connects to Ceyhan (see Table 2). Fighting around Kirkuk city continues to take place, making nearby fields vulnerable to supply disruptions. The Iraqi Ministry of Oil signed a dozen long-term technical service contracts after two licensing rounds between 2008 and 2009 with IOCs to develop or re-develop several giant oil fields, most of which were already producing. Project delays caused by the ISIL offensive and past non-payment of IOCs for work performed also make it unlikely this goal will be achieved.
One of the major obstacles is the inadequate storage, pumping, and pipeline capacity (or midstream infrastructure) in the south to facilitate larger export volumes.
Hence, the lack of midstream infrastructure makes Iraq more vulnerable to potential production disruptions because it lacks the ability to mitigate them.
Three SPMs buoyed off the Basra port are currently operational, and two more are planned to come online.
Iraq has associated natural gas that could be used for reinjection, but much of it is currently being flared. The country plans to use seawater, as opposed to freshwater, which is scarcer in the Middle East. Large-scale increases in oil production would also require large increases in electric power generation.
They have suffered substantial damage because of conflict and war, and rehabilitation would take years and a large investment. There are also several smaller pipelines that carry crude oil from other fields to KRG's main pipeline.
The pipeline's effective capacity was significantly lower than its nameplate capacity prior to its closure.
The pipeline section from Basra to Karbala is operating and sending crude to Baghdad refineries. Iraq's oil consumption, which has increased by two-thirds since 2003, slightly declined in 2014 mostly because of the attacks in Iraq by ISIL that led to the shutdown of Iraq's largest refinery and fuel shortages in northern Iraq. Iraq plans to build four new refineries and expand capacity at some existing refineries to alleviate domestic product shortages and to eventually export refined products. Detta gjorde att USAs oljeproduktion under november kom att uppga till 11,65 miljoner fat per dygn att jamfora med Saudiarabiens produktion om 11,25 miljoner fat per dygn.
EIB forutspar att USA kommer att bli varldens storsta petroleumproducent inom de narmaste aren. To address this problem I decided to calculate the numbers myself using readily available data sources. This can be a really useful metric if you want to compare consumption across multiple sectors, such as electricity production, natural gas heating, and transportation. Thus, nuclear plants in the US have capacity factors between 88%-91% because they are slow to start up and expensive to turn off,  whereas solar PV averages 15%-25% because the sun does not always shine at the proper angle, or at all, for half the day.
However, when laid side by side, I find that the IEA’s presentation of this data can be very misleading. China already possesses the largest hydroelectric capacity in the world as well as burgeoning wind, solar, and nuclear industries. However, data is available with only 1 decimal place this year (through the beta interface) and comparing countries became a challenge because there are too many countries with the same values now.
It appears that if I am going to load the data into my spreadsheets, I will have to do one line at a time, each country individualy. Really appreciate you guys going the extra mile with your data tools, this makes my research so much more effective. Unfortunately it seems from the beta site, that I can only access the annual data and only download as a CSV file.


These production estimates include oil produced in the Iraqi Kurdistan Region, the semiautonomous northeast region in Iraq governed by the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG). The KRG recently increased its oil resource estimate from 45 billion barrels to 60 billion barrels,7 although this has not been independently verified and this number likely includes at least some resources in disputed areas—especially Kirkuk. International oil companies (IOCs) are very active in Iraq, including the Iraqi Kurdistan Region.
Some oil companies were forced to abandon exploration projects, which could delay future development. The closure of the Baiji refinery caused a near halt to commercial production in northern Iraq (not including the Iraqi Kurdistan Region).
Militant activity and the poor security environment near Kirkuk in recent years has impeded the field's revival. Iraq has expanded the capacity of southern export facilities in recent years by adding on three single point moorings (SPMs) near the Basra and Khor al-Amaya ports.
For this reason, Iraq's South Oil Company is undertaking the Common Seawater Supply Project (CSSP), which entails treating seawater from the Persian Gulf and then transporting it via pipelines to oil production facilities.
However, Iraq has struggled to keep up with the demand for electricity, with shortages common across the country.
The Iraq portion of the Iraq to Turkey (IT) pipeline stopped operating in March 2014 after suffering several attacks by militants in the area.
Most of Iraq's petroleum consumption derives from its domestic oil refineries, which are fueled by domestically produced oil. Iraq has plans for four new refineries as well as plans for expanding the existing Daura and Basrah refineries. Darmed ar detta den forsta gangen pa mer an tio ar, sedan augusti 2002, som USA har producerat mer petroleumprodukter an Saudiarabien.
EIB forutspar att den amerikanska oljeproduktionen kommer att fortsatta att oka fran dagens niva pa 11,65 miljoner fat per dag, och stiga med ytterligare 11,5 % till cirka 13,0 miljoner fat per dag fram till 2020. But because I was only interested in the electricity produced from power plants, it was much more useful to use watts for comparison (a measure of the rate of energy transfer).
Ultimately, electricity output for some fuel sources will stay constant throughout the day, while others vary significantly depending upon location, technology, maintenance, electricity demand, and weather, among other factors. Obviously, the EU did not exist in 1971, so the IEA’s analysis for these states begins in 1990. I thought it was quite interesting that the GHG emissions line trended right along with electricity production.
You guys have been an utter joy to work with (not a typical experience for government bureaucracy), and this new beta is the icing on the cake.
Despite this growth, Iraq's production has actually grown at a slower rate than Iraq had expected because of infrastructure bottlenecks in the south, supply disruptions in the north, and delays in awarding contracts. Also, political instability, sectarian violence, and the threat of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) spreading to other areas of Iraq pose significant uncertainty for Iraq's future.
IOCs operate under technical service contracts (TSCs) in Iraq, which are signed with the Ministry of Oil in Baghdad, and under production-sharing agreements (PSAs) in the Iraqi Kurdistan Region signed with the KRG. However, increased output at fields in southern Iraq and in the Iraqi Kurdistan Region more than offset disrupted volumes. Increased pipeline capacity has allowed the KRG to increase output at its fields, while exporting it through the Turkish port of Ceyhan. The Iraq portion of the Iraq (Kirkuk) to Turkey (Ceyhan) pipeline (IT pipeline) had already been severely damaged after being sabotaged by militants, and it has not operated since March 2014 (see Table 2). However, export capacity has expanded at a faster rate than midstream infrastructure capacity, which has severely constrained Iraq's southern export capabilities and the ability of oil companies to meet their production goals. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Iraq was the fourth-largest natural gas-flaring country in 2011.23 Iraq is working with its international partners to reduce gas flaring. At the time this report was published, a significant portion of the pipeline was in ISIL-controlled territory.
The KRG and Iraq (Baghdad) agreed in December 2014 to cooperate on northern exports, allowing Kirkuk crude that was formerly transported through the IT pipeline to now go through KRG's independent pipeline (see section on Issues between the Kurdistan Regional Government and Baghdad). Each power plant has a calculated maximum electricity output potential, known as nameplate capacity, which is measured in millions of watts, or megawatts (MW).
For all of these reasons, the best way to capture the true output of power plants (and thus GHGs) is to measure how many watts of electricity are actually generated by the plant over time. If we were to compare the gross increase in electricity generation for the EU and India in Terrawatt Hours (TWH – trillion watt hours) from 1990-2011, we would see that their absolute growth has been closer than the two graphs would lead us to believe.
The dips in production from 2008-2010 represent the global recession, the effects of which were most pronounced in the US and the EU.
If China can deploy these new technologies and slow down their construction of new coal-fired power plants, then perhaps their emissions will level off in the next decade. Thanks for the hard work you have put in to make this information clear and understandable!
Therefore, with the closure of both the Baiji refinery and the Iraq portion of the IT pipeline, northern Iraqi oil production (the Kirkuk and Bai Hassan fields) lacked a significant commercial outlet for several months. The project will come online in at least two phases, with the first phase bringing online around half of the total water supply. Although more than 20 gigawatts (GW) of new generating capacity is planned by 2017, delays in meeting projected targets may mean insufficient power supply to meet the projected demands of the oil sector.
Given the extreme unstable environment along the pipeline and the extent of the pipeline's damage, it is unlikely that it will resume operations in the foreseeable future.
Some studies will compare installed capacity across countries, but I dislike this method as well because it fails to take into account actual power produced over time.
This is measured in thousands of watts expended for one hour, or kilowatt hours (kWh).  For a sense of scale, the typical home in the US uses 902 kWh per month.
The EU produced ~700 TWh more in 2011 than they did in 1990, while India produced ~900 TWh more in 2011 than they did in 1990. From these charts, it appears that China is certainly in the driver’s seat for the foreseeable future. Trade press reports indicate that the project will not come online before 2018 at the earliest.24 The anticipated project start date has been pushed back a few times. The graphs also give the impression that India is catching up to the EU-27 in electricity production, when in reality the EU-27 produced 3x more electricity than India in 2011. Furthermore, the Chinese and Indian electrical output appeared unaffected by the recession.
Poor oil production growth in 2013 is attributed to infrastructure bottlenecks in the south and an increase in supply disruptions to northern fields because of frequent attacks on the IT pipeline. The initial project lead was ExxonMobil, but the company dropped out of that position in late 2011 after announcing investments in the KRG, which contributed to schedule delays.
The engineering company CH2M Hill was subsequently awarded the position as project consultant in December 2012.



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