Many said they had slept in the open since Saturday's quake, either because their homes were flattened or they were terrified that aftershocks would bring them crashing down.'We are escaping,' said Krishna Muktari, who runs a small grocery store in Kathmandu city, standing at a major road intersection.A 'How can you live here? Clipping is a handy way to collect and organize the most important slides from a presentation. According to the World Health Organisation, over the last 10 years, an average of 700 disasters has been reported every year. Fiji is geographically situated in one of the most natural disaster prone areas in the world. Since 1980, there have been 36 recorded natural disasters in Fiji, with 221 fatalities and over 1 billion dollars worth of economic damage to Fiji’s economy. In 2002, The Ministry of Health had drafted its National Disaster Management Plan and aligned it to the Fiji National Disaster Management Plan. The revised HEADMAP, released in January 2013 is supported by a number of other plans and documents related to disaster risk reduction and disaster management. The primary objective of the Fiji National Health Emergencies and Disaster Management Plan (HEADMAP) is to serve as a guide for the health sector in the management of public health emergencies and disasters. A global cluster system has been in place for some time, strongly supported by the United Nations and partner organizations.  Clusters have also been implemented at the Regional level, represented by the Pacific Humanitarian Team (PHT). This phase encompasses actions to avoid an incident, to intervene to stop an incident from occurring or to mitigate an incident’s effects. This phase includes the activities necessary to build and sustain performance across the other phases.
This phase incorporates the activities necessary to address the immediate and short-term effects of an incident. These phases are interdependent and, in practice, an affected community will address all of the phases consecutively although the emphasis may shift between them.

The Government of Fiji is committed to improve disaster preparedness throughout the nation – and to ensure that everyone, young, old, woman, man, able, disabled, sick or healthy know how to protect themselves and other before, during and after a disaster. On 9th May 2013, a one-day Training of Trainer in regards to Disaster Preparedness Communication was held in Suva for more than 70 participants from eight participating districts from various Government and non-government sectors.
The campaign has been developed to facilitate massive, repetitive, intensive and persistent communication to achieve the objective through a focus on 10 key family practices. The campaign will utilise a combination of print materials, 10 TV and 10 radio spots, a website, a mobile phone application, a Facebook quiz, text messages and trained interpersonal communicators at community level.
This campaign is a first for a South Pacific country and it has the potential to contribute to an overall improvement of disaster preparedness and response in Fiji.
The campaign also puts Fiji and Ministry of Health at the forefront of disaster preparedness. Dominique Blariaux, a consultant with the Food and Agriculture Organisation conducts climate change and disaster risk management training at the Tanoa Waterfront Hotel in Lautoka. Once completed, the training program will improve pre- and post-disaster preparedness.It is organised by the Agriculture Ministry with support from the Food and Agriculture Organisation and funding by the EU's Disaster Preparedness Humanitarian Office. Annually, an estimated 268 million people are affected by disasters, of whom more than 100,000 are killed. Some hazards occur as a consequence of tropical depressions and cyclones or as part of tropical weather condition that normally affects the region. The first National Health Emergencies and Disaster Management Plan (or HEADMAP) was designed along with the Fiji National Pandemic Plan and the Draft Communicable Disease Guideline, Since then, the review of the 2007 – 2011 HEADMAP has seen the addition of standard operating procedures (SOPs) and specific guidelines for various types of hazards faced in Fiji. It involves actions to protect lives and property and to defend against attacks, and may include public health surveillance and testing processes, immunizations, isolation or quarantine. Response activities include assessing preliminary effects, activating and deploying emergency resources, executing an emergency management plan, allocating existing resources in support of the plan and obtaining additional resources to sustain response operations.

Print, audio and visual materials have also been translated into three languages, English, iTaukei and Hindi. Between May and July key Government & Non-Government actors (trainers) will be trained to strengthen their inter-personal communication skills, and they were equipped with the print pocket guides and posters to promote the 10 key messages at family level. With climate change now being a lived reality and bringing an increase in natural disasters, addressing disaster preparedness is both necessary and an economic priority. In 2010, humanitarian emergencies requiring international assistance occurred in 32 countries.
This has been done with financial support from AusAID and NZ Aid and technical support from UNICEF Pacific.
In August the Ministry initiated an intensive TV, radio and text messaging campaign that will promote the 10 key messages in advance of the coming cyclone season.
Good preparedness and response will lead to fewer lives lost, fewer outbreaks of diseases and less damage to people and property.
Although most of the mortality associated with disasters and conflicts continues to be due to infectious diseases, non-communicable diseases are increasingly among the top five causes of morbidity and mortality in such settings. Global trends in urbanisation are providing a further impetus for the adaptation of intervention strategies.

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