The mummy of King Tut, shown here, gets credit for popularizing the pharaoh's curse, but the myth's origin has been traced to a London stage act performed a hundred years before the boy king's tomb was excavated in 1922. To delete this file, click the file name with your mouse, then right-click and scroll down the menu to the "delete" option. To remove the photo permanently from the desktop, locate the photo on the hard drive and drag it to the trash. King Tut, depicted here by a gold funerary mask, was a frail pharaoh, according to a new DNA study.
Using DNA samples taken from the mummies King Tut and nine of his relatives, the scientists were able to create a five-generation family tree for the boy pharaoh.Tests revealed the mummy above, known as the Younger Lady, to be King Tut's mothera€”and his aunt. Zahi Hawass, who led the new study, is shown in 2007, during the transfer of King Tut's mummy from its sarcophagus to a climate-controlled glass chamber. There are some secrets of the pharaohs, however, that can be revealed only by studying their mummies. Listen to your favorite National Geographic news daily, anytime, anywhere from your mobile phone. Secret doors may conceal the burial chamber of Queen Nefertiti, but tantalizing clues await further testing. An elevated view of King Tuta€™s tomb shows two walls that may contain concealed doors leading to other rooms. Nearly a century after the rediscovery of King Tuta€™s tomb ignited a worldwide craze for Egyptology, new findings could turn out to be almost as stunning.
On Monday, after a group of Egyptian and foreign archaeologists examined the famous tomb, Egypta€™s antiquities minister confirmed that they found evidence suggesting the existence of two previously undiscovered rooms. In Reevesa€™s theory, these doorways are among several clues suggesting that the tomb was originally built for another rulera€”Nefertiti, the principal wife of Akhenaten, who is believed to have fathered Tutankhamun with another wife. Reeves believes that Nefertiti and her grave goods may even lie intact behind the hidden doors, which were never penetrated by ancient robbers or modern archaeologists.
Inside Tuta€™s tomb, Egypta€™s antiquities minister Mamdouh Eldamaty and archaeologist Nicholas Reeves examine a section of wall for subtle signs of a hidden doorway. The archaeologists also noticed a marked contrast in the materials that cover different parts of the same wall. Howard Carter discovered King Tut's tomb in 1922, but the mystery of Tut's death and possible murder lives on.


This gritty material matches fragments that originally covered another blocked door opened by Howard Carter in 1922.
While Carter was obsessively thorougha€”he spent nearly a full decade excavating and documenting the tomba€”he couldna€™t have imagined the kind of tools that are available to todaya€™s archaeologists. As part of that project, which was completed earlier this year, Factum Arte posted all of its data online, including a series of scans that show the tomba€™s walls in unprecedented detail.
The material has been available to anybody with even a casual interest in Egyptologya€” but probably nobody has studied it as closely as Reeves. Ryan referred to one project that began when Reeves visited the Egyptian Museum in Cairo and simply stared hard at one of the most famous artifacts on Eartha€” Tutankhamuna€™s golden funerary mask. Reeves acknowledges that many other archaeologists have vastly different views of the 18th Dynasty and its rulers.
Minister Eldamaty points to a line on the ceiling of Tuta€™s tomb that could indicate that the burial chamber was once a corridor leading to a larger tomb. The next step, Reeves hopes, is to conduct a further examination with radar equipment and thermal imaging, both of which could reveal more clues as to what lies behind the possible doorways. When asked if another mummy and intact grave goods might wait behind the doorway with the painted scene, Reeves said that this would match his theory. Golden boy King Tut was beset by malaria and health issues that forced him to use a cane, a new study says. Tutankhamun was beset by malaria and a bone disordera€”and possibly compromised by his newly discovered incestuous origins, researchers say.
Her identity remains a mystery, but whoever she was, she sired the boy king with her brother, Pharaoh Akhenaten.Regarding the revelation that King Tut's mother and father were brother and sister, Pusch said, "Inbreeding is not an advantage for biological or genetic fitness. Hawass and his team concluded that the feminized features found in the statues of Akenhaten created during his reign were done for religious and political reasons.In ancient Egypt, Akhenaten was a god, said project leader Zahi Hawass, the Secretary General of Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA) and a National Geographic Explorer-in-Residence.
But archaeologists are increasingly confronted with demands to let past generations rest in peace. By carrying out CT scans of King Tutankhamun's mummy, we were able in 2005 to show that he did not die from a blow to the head, as many people believed.
But until Monday his theory had not been supported by a physical examination of the tomb itself.
He explained that in the room that contains Tutankhamuna€™s sarcophagus, the line on the ceiling perfectly matches the section of wall that appears to have been plastered over.


Carter, who excavated with a meticulousness that was highly unusual for his era, collected the gritty material, and ita€™s still stored in a side room of the tomb, where Reeves and the others were able to examine it. Reeves first began developing his theory after studying laser scans of the tomb made by Factum Arte, a high-tech team of conservators and artists who built a precise replica of the tomb in Luxor. These scans reveal clear, straight lines that lie beneath the surface of the paint and plaster, suggesting the outlines of two doorways. Over the years, hea€™s gained a reputation as a scholar who makes breakthroughs by re-examining material that is publicly available. Ryan, an archaeologist at Pacific Lutheran University, who has excavated for years in the Valley of the Kings, said in a telephone interview. Over time, Reeves began noticing details that suggest that parts of the mask may have been repurposed from the burial goods of another ruler. This is one of the most fascinating periods in ancient Egyptian history, but ita€™s also one of the most controversial, and it has always attracted extreme views and theories. He anticipates that this may be done in late November, depending on Egyptian authorities, who thus far have been highly supportive of Reevesa€™s work. In addition to the material evidence of the wall and the grave goods, he believes that the scene in the tomb originally featured Nefertiti, with the figures altered to portray Tutankhamun instead.
Normally the health and immune system are reduced and malformations increase," he said.Some Egyptologists have speculated that King Tut's mother was Akhenaten's chief wife, Queen Nefertitia€”made famous by an iconic bust (Nefertiti-bust picture). Our analysis revealed that a hole in the back of his skull had been made during the mummification process.
The study also showed that Tutankhamun died when he was only 19—perhaps soon after he suffered a fracture to his left leg.
This would represent the biggest challenge of the project, because one of the proposed doorways is covered by a priceless wall painting. He was not riding the chariots," said study team member Carsten Pusch, a geneticist at Germany's University of TA?bingen.
Now we have probed even deeper into his mummy and returned with extraordinary revelations about his life, his birth, and his death.



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