F61, an adult female being tracked as part of the Teton Cougar Project exhibits the characteristic rusty, orangey coat of Northern Rockies mountain lions. The cougar’s coat is an excellent place to begin, for it introduces the subjects of mountain lion natural history, some contradictory literature we might encounter, and some of what we don’t know about this charismatic carnivore. Panthera, a US-based nonprofit organization dedicated to wild cat conservation, collaborates with National Geographic on their Big Cat Initiative, a strategic effort designed to aid the world’s most imperiled felids. Cougars are “umbrella” species used to identify and preserve wildlife corridors and natural landscapes, as well as keystone species vital to ecosystem health and diversity.
Follow us on Facebook, where we continue to share images and videos of wild mountain lions captured as part of ongoing research efforts. We'll look for answers and post them here, along with regular updates about the science and conservation status of felids. National Geographic supports scientific research of lions, tigers, cheetahs, leopards, and other big cats with a view to finding viable ways to protect them in their natural habitat. Death is always near, and teamwork is essential on the Serengeti—even for a magnificent, dark-maned male known as C-Boy. Go behind the scenes of recent National Geographic coverage of some of the world's top predators.
Native American Heritage Month (November) is when we reflect on the heritage of the first people in the Americas and honor their traditions and ancestors.
North America before the time of contact with Europeans five hundred years ago was a mosaic of extraordinary human diversity. Tribal policeman Jim Macy dances to keep his traditions alive, Warm Springs Indian Reservation, Oregon (undated). But there has been a resilience among the first people of North America in the 21st Century, and many of them have been determined to hang on to their heritage.
Under the Enduring Voices Project, linguists journey to meet with last speakers, listen to their stories, and document their languages with film, pictures, and audio to help communities preserve their knowledge of species, landscapes, and traditions before they vanish, according to the project’s Web site.
Documenting a disappearing language is so important, but it’s possible only to really begin to appreciate all the subtleties and complexities of language if you have some speakers left to give you the dynamics and social context. From a scientific perspective it is also imperative to document languages while they are still alive. For scientists, who knows what benefits there will be down the line that we don’t even know about now yet.
The idea is to create areas where efforts need to be concentrated, where the number and different types of languages have consequences that are greater collectively for humanity.
Each language is of course equally valued, but we have a finite number of people, dollars, and time to do this work, so we need to maximize our efforts and resources.
At the time Lewis and Clark arrived in what’s now Oregon 200 years ago there were 14 language families, more than in all of Europe combined. There is only one language family that has more than a hundred or two hundred speakers, and that’s Northern Paiute, in southeastern Oregon, where the elders can still speak it when they get together. With the loss of the languages, all kinds of wonderful things that the speakers did with their languages have also vanished, for example, some of the greatest works of oral literature ever produced–the multilingual performances with different characters speaking different languages that was found in the Pacific Northwest. Large amounts of local knowledge about fauna and flora, ecosystem management, local place names, spiritual values, and so on are all submerged, altered or gone because the original languages that expressed these concepts are gone or no longer well understood. Through Enduring Voices, we have been helping the Winnemem Wintu, one of the indigenous peoples of north central California.
Winnemem Wintu representatives are going to take part in an Enduring Voices workshop in Santa Fe next April.
Children wear headdresses and beaded buckskin to perform dance, Warm Springs Indian Reservation, Oregon, 1969.
The Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde, a casino-funded tribe, has resources and the will to support language regeneration programs, and have successfully generated new speakers of Chinuk Wawa, the lingua franca of many Oregon reservations of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. If you have five speakers of a language and you start immersion schools you can produce 25 speakers. There is also the concept that you don’t have to be tied to one language, or worse, be forced to learn one over another. We will work with any North American community, no matter what the size or the state of their language (unless it has no speakers and was never recorded of course), to see what kinds of solutions might be possible. National Geographic VoicesResearchers, conservationists, and others around the world share stories and commentary on the National Geographic Society's conversation platform Voices. Society Field Inspection 2016: Gulf of CaliforniaDescribed by Jacques Cousteau as the "aquarium of the world," the Gulf of California in Mexico is threatened by coastal development, climate change, and other human activities. Support National GeographicWe've supported more than 11,000 grants to scientists and others in the field.Learn more about our work. Two years after being discovered deep in a South African cave, the 1,500 fossils excavated during the Rising Star Expedition have been identified as belonging to a previously unknown early human relative that National Geographic Explorer-in-Residence Lee Berger and team have named Homo naledi. With at least 15 individuals of all ages and both sexes represented, the find adds an unprecedented amount of information to our understanding of early human evolution in Africa. In addition, the absence of any other animal remains or large debris in the fossil chamber strongly suggests that these non-human beings intentionally deposited their dead within this cave. BANABA ISLAND, Kiribati—Asbestos dust covers the floors of Banaba’s crumbling colonial houses, buildings, and schools.
In an effort to make our daily air quality analyses as robust as possible, we at the Smog Blog have decided to use standardized geographic regions in our posts. The country is living up to its melting pot reputation as American faces become less homogenous and more diverse, a phenomenon that renowned photographer and portrait artist Martin Schoeller captured for the October 125th anniversary issue of National Geographic magazine.
The images, which are coupled with the individual's "self ID" and the box he or she checked to indicate race as specified on the 2000 and 2010 census, are a striking reminder of Americans' complex cultural and racial origins. Schoeller's photographs capture "the changing face of America," a trend that is no doubt picking up speed with the increase of both interracial marriages and the births of biracial babies.


On playgrounds and college campuses, you’ll find such homespun terms as Blackanese, Filatino, Chicanese, and Korgentinian. Tracey Williams Bautista says her seven-year-old son, Yoel Chac Bautista, identifies himself as black when he’s with her, his African-American parent. Created originally as a supplement to the April 2005 National Geographic magazine, this map shows battlesites with numerous call-outs describing specific battles as well as dates and battle routes. WASHINGTON (March 4, 2013)—Millions know Cesar Millan as one of the world’s most sought-after dog rehabilitation specialists.
The documentary follows Millan’s incredible rise from poverty to fame, as he revisits his birthplace in Mexico and talks of his perilous entry into the United States, where he struggled to make a new life for himself. National Geographic cameras follow Millan as he embarks on his live world speaking tour, films his new television series in Spain and leads thousands of dogs and owners on a “pack walk” in Washington, D.C. The DVD also includes a bonus episode of “Cesar Millan’s Leader of the Pack,” now airing Tuesday evenings on Nat Geo WILD. The National Geographic Society is one of the world’s largest nonprofit scientific and educational organizations.
National Geographic is working to avert the big cats' extinction with the Big Cats Initiative, a comprehensive program that supports innovative projects with quick results for saving big cats, anti-poaching programs, projects that test new technology and more.
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To remove the photo permanently from the desktop, locate the photo on the hard drive and drag it to the trash. Whatever your interest, you'll be entertained and educated with our collection of best-selling DVDs.
Created in the mid-1930s in response to the Great Depression, the Works Progress Administration and its Federal Arts Project were focused in part on providing artwork for public buildings while assisting struggling artists.
These are among the many names used to describe this large, lithe, solitary felid that ranges from southernmost Alaska to the tip of Tierra del Fuego.
Cougars are called “habitat generalists,” and utilize nearly every habitat stretching across their range. Panthera’s flagship cougar project is found in northwest Wyoming, and is one of few long-term studies of this amazing species. Cougars capture the imagination; they are charismatic, controversial and draw attention across communities with polarized views and interests. And I’ll be adding updates on our research in future National Geographic blog posts—stay tuned.
There are 38 species of felids, ranging from the seven-pound tabby in your lap to 500-pound Siberian tigers—with cheetahs, leopards, ocelots, and other striped and spotted cats in between.
We'll also share National Geographic articles, videos, and behind-the-scenes features and keep you up to date on our Big Cats Initiative work to help big cats hang on in the wild.
Bloggers and commenters are required to observe National Geographic's community rules and other terms of service. Combining the resources of National Geographic and the Cincinnati Zoo, and drawing on the skills of an incredible crew, we documented these amazing cats in a way that’s never been done before. Hundreds of tribes had their own cultures, political systems, art forms, spiritual beliefs–and languages.
Others are looking for ways to revitalize traditional cultures, spiritual values–and languages. By using appropriate written materials, video, still photography, audio recorders, and computers with language software, as well as access through the Internet where possible, the Enduring Voices Project will help empower communities to preserve ancient traditions with modern technology,” the Web site adds. California might have the claim, but it is much larger, so the award for density of linguistic diversity goes to Oregon. Today only five families of languages exist, and most of them have only a handful of speakers. The complexity of the setting of these texts, and the sounds of the languages have often been lost.
We have tried to do a little through the Enduring Voices program, which has been quite effective at raising public awareness about the issue of language endangement.
We have given them a technology kit and are providing training to help them compile video and audio recordings, with the purpose of producing language revitalization materials for their language. They will be joined by representatives of the Sac and Fox tribes, who are also interested in maintaining their Sauk language.
It can be informal, such as by producing a reader, or formal, such as a course taught in schools. We have been working with the Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians in Oregon and helping them build a talking dictionary.
When you are down to only a few speakers you can find ways to build speaker communities, such as happened successfully in Hawaii, where they have created new speakers. The Cherokee in Oklahoma have shown great success in generating new speakers with their immersion school. If they are placed in a language immersion situation where everyone is speaking the language they will become fluent.
Sure there are vanishing languages around the globe, but your neighbors might be speakers of one of them. We lose part of the human genius, and with the disappearance of a language also goes a lot of spiritual concepts, art, and so on. Interested community activists are welcome to contact Enduring Voices or Living Tongues to start the discussion.
I want to thank National Geographic and LIving Tongues for continuing to draw attention to this dire situation. It makes me sad to know their communities have been destroyed over the years (I would have said disappeared, but there’s anger in this thought).


Posters and commenters are required to observe National Geographic's community rules and other terms of service. To learn firsthand what's going on in and around this marine treasure of global importance, the National Geographic Society sent its top scientists and officials to the region in January 2016. Census presented the question of race differently, allowing respondents the option of selecting more than one racial category, with nearly 7 million Americans identifying as members of two or more races. When Joshua Ahsoak, 34, attended college, his heritage of Inupiat (Eskimo) and midwestern Jewish earned him the moniker Juskimo, a term he still uses to describe himself (a practicing Jew who breaks kosher dietary laws not for bacon but for walrus and seal meat). Insets highlight ''Turning Points of the War,'' ''Battle for the Capitals,'' and battle death tolls. These different hazards are caused by different kinds of plate boundaries—a transform fault to the south, and a subduction zone to the north. His uncanny skill with dogs led to a successful training career that eventually drew the attention of television producers. Along the way, Millan reflects on his humble past, his family life and his ever-evolving philosophy, which inspires people to improve their relationships with their dogs while becoming the pack leader of their own lives. Founded in 1888 to “increase and diffuse geographic knowledge,” the Society works to inspire people to care about the planet. Artists were tasked with creating posters that promoted the landscapes and wildlife of America’s parks. Concolor means “single color” and is meant to describe the uniform pelage of adult animals.
Nevertheless, research in North America has shown that cougars actually avoid open habitats, including deserts and grasslands, and prefer structured habitats like forests.
The Teton Cougar Project was recently host to Steve Winters and Drew Rush, National Geographic photographers on assignment to capture images of wild mountain lions for a recent National Geographic article “Ghost Cats,” penned by Doug Chadwick. Thus, cougar research is about communicating with diverse and often opposing demographics, and building bridges between polarized communities in an effort to erase old mythology that drives continuous persecution of this species. Many of their children were taken to boarding schools where they were required to speak only in English as part of a program to assimilate Native Americans into the white culture. The few remaining Native American languages still in use were increasingly spoken only by the elders. Linguists will tell you that every language furthers and refines our understanding of cognition, communications systems, the nature of the mind and the different ways people categorize our collective human experience.
There are very few languages that have decent prospects of surviving without significant effort on the part of their communities to continue to find a use for them. A longer-term arrangement is through Living Tongues, where we plan and execute larger scale projects. This is really the only way that languages will survive into the future, if activists in the communities are interested in maintaining their language. The Cherokee can be thinking of thousands and tens of thousands of speakers of their language on this basis ultimately. They are also perfectly capable of finding the information through the media and public information sources, and through word of mouth, if they want to do something about preserving their language.
We have to do something to save this culture because money and power isn’t everything. I think it’s great organizations work on preserving their languages but I wished we could do so much more and give them back what was stolen from them.
They toured the desert islands off the southeastern coast of the Baja Peninsula and they listened to presentations by more than a dozen experts, including several whose Baja California research is funded by the Society. The 2010 census included changes to more clearly distinguish Hispanic ethnicity as not being a race, with data revealing that whites would no longer be the majority in the country by 2043. With the launch of “The Dog Whisperer” on the National Geographic Channel, Millan soon became a popular figure on and off the screen, becoming a New York Times-bestselling author, lecturer to audiences around the world and a mainstay on afternoon and late-night talk shows, including “The Oprah Winfrey Show,” “The Tonight Show with Jay Leno” and “The View.” He was parodied on “South Park” and “Saturday Night Live” and referenced on “Jeopardy!” — but his success also brought challenges. He speaks candidly about his struggle to maintain balance in his personal life while keeping up with the demands of his career. In 2007, Cesar officially launched The Cesar Millan Foundation, a national nonprofit organization designed to aid and support the rescue, rehabilitation and placement of abused and abandoned dogs.
National Geographic reflects the world through its magazines, television programs, films, music and radio, books, DVDs, maps, exhibitions, live events, school publishing programs, interactive media and merchandise. However, those of us who are intimate with real cougars will tell you that their pelage varies from orange-rust to tawny-yellow to slate gray depending upon locale, and that the various hues in a single cat’s coat are too many to count. They concluded that uniformly-colored felids, like the mountain lion, were more associated with open, well-illuminated habitats, and that felids wearing spots and stripes were more associated with complex forests. For more than a year, the pair of photographers worked with the TCP, and the rewards of their labor can be seen both online and in the December issue of the magazine.
These are the main ways we engage the communities and help them to document and revitalize their languages. National Geographic magazine, the Society’s official journal, published in English and 37 local-language editions, is read by more than 60 million people each month. The National Geographic Channel reaches 440 million households in 171 countries in 38 languages. National Geographic has funded more than 10,000 scientific research, conservation and exploration projects and supports an education program promoting geography literacy.



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