On the first day of a nationwide blackout, many people think the lights will be restored quickly. To view this site, you need to have JavaScript enabled in your browser, and either the Flash Plugin or an HTML5-Video enabled browser. On National Bison Day, November 1, we choose our most stunning pictures of the large mammal, treasured in U.S. A lone bison weathers a winter storm in Yellowstone National Park.A bison's thick, two-layered fur helps it withstand even the harshest weather. Several bison tough out the winter near South Dakota's Badlands in 1996.Many people use the words "bison" and "buffalo" interchangeably, but this isn't technically correct.
A bison poses on a ranch in Valentine, Nebraska, in 2011.In the 19th century, bison hunting became so popular, some big game hunters couldn't even be bothered to leave the comfort of their railroad carsa€”shooting the animals from the windows instead. A wild American bison roams a game preserve in Kansas in 2011.Bison use their horns not only to protect themselves against predators, but also as part of a yearly mating ritual in which males crack their sturdy skulls against one another.
While ranchers remain wary that wild bison could transmit diseases like brucellosis to their livestock herds, many people (such as the woman above) have fallen in love with these large, lumbering beasts. Tiger range countries are on their way to their goal of doubling the animal's population, but challenges remain. In this weeka€™s crime blotter: a bust gone wrong, a butterfly smuggling ring, and a scooter pangolin heist. In honor of April 18, we take a look at how science organizes and names speciesa€”sometimes with a sense of humor.
We recently wrote about European eels for freshwater species of the week, but now we take a look back across the pond at our homegrown version.
American eels were once found in great abundance on the East Coast, often quite far inland, but dams have sealed off much of their routes and their population has plummeted. However, the good news is that some of those old dams are no longer needed and are being torn down. Researchers measured eels in Shenandoah National Park streams and found significant increases in numbers two years after the dam came down, with those gains accelerating since.
American eels were an important food source for Native Americans and many species of wildlife.
I have completely enjoyed this exciting and informative article.I would like to see more items like this in the future. We were also surprised to see effects of dams extending so far upstream…about 150 km. Now, the European eel also spawns in the Sargasso Sea, and then the gulfstream carries their young north into the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic shores of Europe. National Geographic VoicesResearchers, conservationists, and others around the world share stories and commentary on the National Geographic Society's conversation platform Voices. Society Field Inspection 2016: Gulf of CaliforniaDescribed by Jacques Cousteau as the "aquarium of the world," the Gulf of California in Mexico is threatened by coastal development, climate change, and other human activities. Support National GeographicWe've supported more than 11,000 grants to scientists and others in the field.Learn more about our work.
Two years after being discovered deep in a South African cave, the 1,500 fossils excavated during the Rising Star Expedition have been identified as belonging to a previously unknown early human relative that National Geographic Explorer-in-Residence Lee Berger and team have named Homo naledi.

With at least 15 individuals of all ages and both sexes represented, the find adds an unprecedented amount of information to our understanding of early human evolution in Africa. In addition, the absence of any other animal remains or large debris in the fossil chamber strongly suggests that these non-human beings intentionally deposited their dead within this cave.
BANABA ISLAND, Kiribati—Asbestos dust covers the floors of Banaba’s crumbling colonial houses, buildings, and schools. The thirty-three founders of the National Geographic Society were an adventurous and accomplished group. In 1879, George Melville was aboard the Jeannette for what would become one of the epic stories in early American Arctic exploration. George Wallace Melville was born in New York on January 10, 1841, the son of Alexander and Sarah Melville, and studied at the Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute. Almost immediately thereafter, Melville served as chief engineer on the relief expedition, commanded by Winfield Scott Schley that rescued Lieutenant Adolphus W. Thomas Edison was a businessman striving to invent things to make the lives of others easier.
Just a few hundred years ago, between 30 and 60 million American bison (Bison bison) roamed the Great Plains. Usually brown and black, the fur can grow in thick around the animal's head, giving it the appearance of having both a mane and a beard.Both are great for keeping out the cold, but they pose a bit of a problem for scientists trying to attach cameras to the animals in order to study what they eat. While both animals belong to the Bovidae family, "buffalo" refers to animals such as the African cape buffalo and Asian water buffalo. Of course, as you can see in the National Geographic Channel show Bison: The American Legend, it doesn't always pan out. Fish and Wildlife Service employees at the Fort Niobrara National Wildlife Refuge in Nebraska in 2008. Since then, American eel numbers have shot up in headwater streams nearly 100 miles away, according to research just published by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service for listing as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act.
The slender fish are said to be good eating, although modern anglers are often put off by their slimy skin and snake-like appearance (they are still used as bait, however, which has also decreased their numbers).
Posters and commenters are required to observe National Geographic's community rules and other terms of service. To learn firsthand what's going on in and around this marine treasure of global importance, the National Geographic Society sent its top scientists and officials to the region in January 2016. They included scientists, explorers, a journalist and a superintendent of the National Zoo. Departing from San Francisco, the Jeannette sailed through the Bering Strait and into the Arctic Ocean. Greely and the survivors of his Arctic expedition to northern Greenland and Ellesmere Island–the other great survival epic of early American Arctic exploration, played out the other side of the pole from the Jeannette saga. During his tenure, he supervised designs for 120 new ships, essentially ensuring the modernization of the fleet.

Their herds were said to be so great, it took six days for a rider to pass through.But it took just a few decades of intense hunting and fur trading to lay the herds low.
Tribes and Canadian First Nations to reintroduce genetically pure bison from Yellowstone into their former habitat. When European settlers first saw American bison, they named it "bufello," and the misnomer stuck. Thorstenson revs up the crowd at a racetrack near Buffalo, New York, in a National Geographic magazine article published in 1994.Over a hundred years ago, the original "Buffalo Bill"a€”William Frederick Codya€”got his name after besting another Bill, William Comstock, in an all-day bison shooting contest. With more dams coming down in Maine, the Pacific Northwest and elsewhere, it’s crucial that we monitor for these ecological and biological effects. American eels feed on a range of crustaceans and other invertebrates, which they usually hunt for at night. They toured the desert islands off the southeastern coast of the Baja Peninsula and they listened to presentations by more than a dozen experts, including several whose Baja California research is funded by the Society.
In recognition of the National Geographic Society’s upcoming 125th anniversary this series takes a look at their stories. Navy and served throughout the Civil War, earning high praise for his capture of the Florida in the harbor of Bahia, Brazil.
In all, Melville was on three Arctic expeditions and his book, In the Lena Delta, recounted many of these adventures.
Such innovations as the triple screw and vertical engines were used for the first time, and Melville himself was the inventor of many mechanical appliances. De Long had hoped to find a warm current that might take them to the North Pole; instead the ship was caught in the polar ice pack and drifted nearly two years before it was crushed. In broad daylight Melville boarded the ship dressed in civilian clothes and ascertained the necessary information to take her the following day.
A small population of eels survive in Caribbean waters but they are not as frequent as barracudas and snappers.
De Long and the crew abandoned her, dragging three lifeboats with provisions until they found open water. Amidst all this naval innovation, he somehow found time to join the newly-formed National Geographic Society in January 1888 and served a term as vice president.
Melville, in command of one boat, managed to reach the delta of the Lena River and was rescued. He died on March 17, 1912, and a statue to his memory stands in Navy Park at the Philadelphia Naval Base. Melville then led an expedition that recovered records of the Jeanette expedition as well as the remains of De Long and his companions.

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