Summer monsoon rains in Pakistan cause the worst flooding in the country's history - leaving 1,700 dead, 6 million homeless and 1 million displaced.
Pictures of devastation in Pakistan began pouring into news stations in July and August like the rainwaters they were depicting.
Each MSC dry cargo and ammunition ship carries a standard cargo allotment of humanitarian assistance and disaster relief supplies.
With 1.2 million homes and personal belongings destroyed by the flooding, basics took on an increased importance, and water purification tablets and insect repellent became necessities for survival in a land where water- and insect-borne diseases are a daily threat.
After transferring Lewis and Clark's on-board relief supplies, the crew began a sustained logistics cycle with the Peleliu amphibious readiness group, which continued through mid-September, reported Navy Cmdr. As Lewis and Clark quickly settled into the cycle, the civil service mariners on board steamed ahead, carrying out their main mission of providing replenishment at sea. These essential items would have remained out of the hands of those in distress without a distribution system.
Lewis and Clark's embarked contract helicopter detachment maintained two SA-330J Puma aircraft. Supporting Pakistan relief efforts is not the first time that Lewis and Clark has provided much-needed relief to another nation. International Day for Natural Disaster ReductionThe United Nations’ (UN) International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction is annually observed on the second Wednesday of October to raise the profile of disaster risk reduction. Activities for the International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction usually include media announcements about launches for campaigns that center on the day's theme. The International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction is a global observance and not a public holiday.
Many people around the world have lost their lives, homes or access to essential facilities, such as hospitals, due to natural disasters, including earthquakes, droughts, tsunamis, heavy flooding, hurricanes or cyclones. On December 22, 1989, the UN General Assembly designated the second Wednesday of October as the International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction. Below is a compilation of US maps indicating Natural Disaster Risks like Earthquakes, Floods, Tornadoes and Hurricanes (individual and as overlays), along with US Population Density breakdowns by counties (from 2010 Census) and an up to date map of currently operating Nuclear Plants. The map above overlays Earthquake (both moderate and high risk), Flood, Tornado and Hurricane risks in continental United States. The map above displays Tornado risk in United States, based on data provided by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
The map displayed above highlights the Hurricane risk in continental US based on data provided by University of Miami. The catastrophe at the Fukushima plant in Japan should serve as a lesson to the United States as well as Japan.
As noted by many of our readers, one of the key topics omitted from our article on the inevitability of economic collapse was the petrodollar system. Unless you’ve been living in a cave for last few years, you know that something is deeply wrong with our world today. My heart and prayers go out to all the recent families who have dealt with a natural disaster lately. We’ve talked about getting a generator, as well as hand cranked items like a can opener and wheat mill. But wow, when you start thinking about your HOME being destroyed in a hurricane or an earthquake. Hubby and son are hunters and they kill all our red meat that we eat, which is generally 3-4 deer per yr. My mom is the queen of canning, and I’ve learned a lot but need to learn a lot more!!
Top things for my special needs family (two Gtube feeders one a stage 4 kidney kid) is clean water, warmth and parts (connecting ports you can’t buy on the market). Someone living in an area that is prone to one or other of these natural disasters will be well aware of the fact, so the most important factor is to be prepared. The first indication of an earthquake might be a roaring or rumbling sound that gradually grows louder. The tsunami that hit northeastern Japan following the 11 March earthquake was 15 metres high some areas and it travelled 10 km inland. Tsunamis are not uncommon in Japan and usually there is a limited amount of warning before they hit.
Volcanoes are mountains that are characterised by having a crater that opens downwards to a reservoir of molten rock. Due to their great heat the lava flows are a great fire hazard and in forested areas wildfires often result. Cyclones form out in the ocean and there are distinct hurricane seasons in different parts of the world, lasting for between five and eight months.
They often hit the coast with tremendous force causing significant damage, but having hit land, friction slows them down. Most tornadoes are about 250 feet across, have wind speeds of up to 110 mph and blow themselves out after a few miles, but in extreme cases they can be 2 miles across, attain speeds of more than 300 mph and stay on the ground for considerable distances. Although they can occur almost anywhere, the vast majority occur in the US, where the average is about 1,200 a year. It is not easy to escape extreme cold and this can also cause fatalities, especially among the old and chronically sick. In extremely cold weather and in the event of heavy snowfall it is fairly usual for transport to grind to a halt. Coincidentally the number of people drowned in the Dutch flood was almost identical to the number of people who died when Hurricane Katrina hit New Orleans in August 2005. Agricultural crop production can be ruined, milk production is reduced and animals are distressed.
The golden rules are to drink plenty of fluids, dress in cool clothes and stay in the shade if possible.
These mega-fires as they are sometimes called are mainly caused by humans and are characterised by their massive destruction.
A recent UN report (May 2011) suggests that the growing number of mega-fires around the world may be contributing to global warming. Almost everywhere you look you find references to climate change associate with natural disasters.
It is clear that the world is getting warmer, probably due to a natural process, but it is reasonable to assume that this process is being speeded up by mankind's release into the atmosphere of large amounts of greenhouse gas.


It is easy to blame every natural disaster on global warming, but meteorology is not an exact science and while in some cases this blame might be quite justified, in many cases these natural disaster occur for purely natural reasons.
We have mentioned the state of the great river frequently, but the Mekong generally becomes more dammed and less likely to provide for its people and wildlife. When can he climate changers and the global de-warmers finally have their way and be able to replace the whole carbon footprints of nations?
What stories are appearing from the genomes of various creatures that can be mixed up with our histories.
When dolphins are 'rescued' in various countries, the car given seems to be ill-considered.
Responding to pleas for help from the government of Pakistan, organizations in the United States, including the military, promised humanitarian assistance and disaster relief to the distressed nation. 9 to sail nearly 1,000 miles to the coast of Pakistan to provide additional heavy-lift capability with its embarked helicopters to the Pakistani government, Lewis and Clark started moving in the same direction.
Upon arriving in Pakistan, Lewis and Clark offloaded its entire stock of humanitarian and disaster relief kits, which are designed to support up to 2,500 survivors - assuming 500 casualties - for three days and have items such as water containers, tarps, latex gloves, blankets, insect repellant, surgical masks, water purification tablets and basic personal hygiene items. USS Peleliu and other ships brought heavy-lift helicopters capable of lifting 16 tons of food and equipment and with the capacity to evacuate stranded people on short notice. The ship transited to and from port, loaded food, parts and fuel, and then replenished ships of the amphibious readiness group at sea. Five pilots and three maintenance engineers delivered more than 800 pallets of critical cargo, parts and humanitarian and disaster relief supplies, and transferred more than 50 personnel to units directly supporting the relief efforts via vertical replenishment in one month.
It also encourages people and governments to participate in building more resilient communities and nations.
Governments and communities also take part in the International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction through various events such as drawing, drama, essay or photography competitions that focus on making people aware of natural disaster reduction and increasing their preparedness for such situations. This event was to be observed annually during the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, 1990-1999. It features a projection of a world map (less Antarctica) centered on the North Pole, inscribed in a wreath consisting of crossed conventionalized branches of the olive tree. We hope this information will help you be more informed about high risk areas as they relate to your particular location and future plans. It shows areas of equal seismic hazard and indicates the minimum peak horizontal ground acceleration value, a measure of the how hard the ground shakes in a given area. The map below illustrates just how vulnerable we could be: many of the United States’s nuclear facilities are located near areas of seismic activity. Before you dismiss this as hype or paranoia, take a few minutes to review the facts outlined on this page. I just want to get 3 days worth of supplies stored in enough backpacks for my whole family. If you live in an area that is prone to earthquakes, you might not experience one for a number of years, but they can occur with very little warning. There might be a rolling sensation that starts out gently but within a second or two becomes very violent. The most destructive of these are generated from large shallow earthquakes with an epicentre or fault line near or on the ocean floor. There are well-rehearsed procedures that are followed when they occur, but the one on 11 March exceeded all previous expectations. Lava flows destroy everything in their path, interrupting watercourses and causing flooding and mudslides, but since they generally move fairly slowly, people can usually get out of their way.
This can be abrasive, acidic, gritty and smelly, but apart from infants, elderly people and those suffering from respiratory problems, to most adults it is relatively harmless, although it can prove lethal to machinery.
They are storms with large low-pressure centres and numerous thunderstorms that produce high winds and heavy rain. Special weather watches are kept during these times and in populated areas there are generally well-rehearsed plans that are put in place when a tropical cyclone approaches. While the winds will abate somewhat, heavy rains will continue and can cause serious flooding.
A tornado is a violent, dangerous rotating column of air that is in contact with the surface of the Earth and a cumulonimbus cloud. Without this kind of protection the only hope is to get out of the way or get underneath something strong, like a heavy table. Early in 1953 there was a major natural disaster when serious floods hit countries bordering the North Sea. In addition to causing illness and significant loss of life, they can have a serious economic effect on transportation, agriculture production, energy and infrastructure. It is reported that in the 24 years between 1979 and 2003 more people died in the United States of extreme heat than from hurricanes, lightning, tornadoes, floods and earthquakes combined.
A UN study reported that in almost every case drought is a major factor that prolonged or exacerbated a blaze. The February 2009 Black Saturday blazes in Australia killed 173 people and completely obliterated several towns. In its report the Food an Agriculture Organisation (FAO) says that policy makers should improve their monitoring of carbon gas emissions from wildfires to better determine their potential impact on climate change.
A UN report on climate change observed that the increase in tropical cyclone intensity was larger than climate models had predicted and the conclusion was drawn that it was more likely than not that there had been some human contribution to increase this intensity.
It is also reasonable to assume that these greenhouse gas emissions are having a profound effect on the world's weather. However, good news cannot be ignored in this case and it is really cheering to hear of 3 calves born during this dry season in the freshwater stretches of the river. Well, there is hope in some of the latest renewable investments and this example of pure science that will soon be transferred to a new set of technologies. More than a month after the rains began July 29, Pakistan reported 1,700 people dead, 1 million displaced and 6 million homeless.
At the forefront was Military Sealift Command dry cargo and ammunition ship USNS Lewis and Clark, with a promise of support in the long days ahead. Lewis and Clark's 130-person crew and nine-person military department knew their cargo load-out capacity and replenishment capabilities made them a top candidate for supporting relief in the Gulf of Oman. The kit is designed to bridge the gap between the immediate aftermath of a disaster and the initiation of large-scale relief operations. But Peleliu needed to remain on station near the coast in order to react quickly deep within the heart of Pakistan.


12 earthquake in Haiti, Lewis and Clark - which was delivered to MSC in 2006 as the first ship in the command's T-AKE class - was called in to support Operation Unified Response efforts.
Fleet Forces Command for Navy-unique matters and to the Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Research, Development and Acquisition for procurement policy and oversight matters.
The UN acknowledges that education, training, and information exchanges are effective ways to help people become better equipped in withstanding natural disasters. On December 20, 2001, the assembly decided to maintain the observance to promote a global culture of natural disaster reduction, including disaster prevention, mitigation and preparedness. The olive branches symbolize peace and the world map depicts the area of concern to the UN in achieving its main purpose, peace and security. Click on the map to download a PDF file of the map which you can use to zoom in for better detail. Plus it seems like every time I turn on the TV there is a report of flooding, or landslides or forest fires somewhere in the US.
Plenty of canned items from beans to soups, pasta and sauces, oatmeal, cereal, toothpaste, and peanut-butter.
These occur with the minimum amount of warning and include earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and tsunamis.
These are usually the consequence of extreme weather events, or are supplementary to other natural disasters. Alternatively there might be a violent jerk followed by severe shaking that makes it very difficult to stand up or move from room to room. The sudden vertical displacement generates waves that can travel great distances at high speed.
These can be quite modest and result in little more than a trickle, or they can explode with considerable force and be accompanied by lava flows, flattened landscapes, poisonous gases, flying rock and ash. Following an Icelandic volcanic eruption in 2010, when large clouds of volcanic dust were released into the atmosphere, concern about possible damage to aero engines severely disrupted air traffic in Europe and North America. Generally they are known as hurricanes, but in the northwest pacific region they are known as typhoons.
Although this was America's costliest natural disaster, the deadliest natural disaster in US history was the Galveston Hurricane of 1900 that killed between 6,000 and 12,000 people in Galveston.
Worldwide the peak time for them is 5 pm, but one of deadliest in history, the Gainesville Tornado, occurred at 8.30 am local time. Rivers burst their banks, roads and bridges are washed away and normal communication can become impossible.
The Netherlands was particularly badly hit with a tidal surge that reached 5.6 metres in places, completely overwhelming the sea defences.
Extreme heat can disrupt railways by twisting rails and roads can buckle or tarmac can melt. As more people use fans or air conditioning, demand for electricity is pushed to the point where supply companies can no longer cope.
Since most shopping malls, public libraries and big stores are air conditioned, if all else fails a trip there might be worth the journey, especially if the bus is also air-conditioned. Often after many months without rain a single spark is all that is necessary to create an inferno. In 2010 similar fires in Russia killed 62 people and destroyed about 23,000 square kilometres, an area more than half the size of The Netherlands. There is hope that the other populations, in Bangladesh and Myanmar, for example, are also being protected as well as this. They could even end up in commercial aquarium shows, but they certainly rarely make it back to the sea.
The United States provided 13 mobile water treatment units, with each unit capable of producing more than 1.3 million liters of clean water per day.
The projection of the map extends to 60 degrees south latitude, and includes five concentric circles.
Do you have money and documents stored somewhere away from your home that’s easy to access? There will usually be some degree of advanced warning, but since weather is unpredictable, nothing can be done to stop these disasters from developing once the weather system develops. While out in the ocean these waves can be no more than a few centimetres high, but as they approach the shore the waves are compressed and become very much higher. As a result of this natural disaster the number of people dead or missing is put at around 30,000 and the Japanese economy has suffered a major blow. A hurricane is defined as having a wind speed in excess of 73 mph (117 kph), but maximum sustained winds in the strongest tropical cyclones have been estimated to reach 195 mph.
Aircraft lose lift in extreme temperatures and stress is placed on the cooling systems of the engines of raid and rail vehicles that can lead to an increase in mechanical failure. The World Food Programme gave more than 25,500 tons of life-saving food, and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees brought in tents, tarps, blankets, sleeping mats, kitchen sets, soap and mosquito nets. According to Mike as of March 2011 there are 65 operating nuclear power facilities in the U.S. All that can be done is to take appropriate action to limit damage and loss of life after they occur. Again, in areas prone to this sort of disaster, some provision can be made to limit damage and loss of life.
In serious cases those who are not drowned will have to find somewhere relatively safe and wait to be rescued. They can quickly change direction, which makes it very difficult for someone on the ground to escape. The earthquake that occurred in Japan on 11 March 2011 was measured at magnitude 9.0 by the US Geological Survey and was one of the most powerful ever recorded. This number does NOT account for those reactors that are decommissioned, reactors at research and university facilities or all of the nuclear waste at various locations around the United States. We joke that if there is an earthquake my first and only job is to raid the nearest Rite Aid.



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Rubric: Emergency Preparedness Survival



Comments

  1. Azeri_GiZ
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  2. Ayten
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