The business scenario of Network-based Enterprises is one of tremendous growth, with organizations securing themselves with advanced technology tools as well as planning, monitoring, and maintenance of the overall IT infrastructure.
The case studies presented in this segment are typical examples of Disaster Recovery and Business Continuity through using proven technology solutions. Other indicators are available, however, to estimate the effectiveness of the hazard mitigation strategy and disaster resilience monitoring—that is, whether the community has increased or decreased its vulnerability to natural hazards.
Communities vary in their vulnerability to natural hazards and in their capacity to mitigate their impacts. Unsafe land use activities (junkyards or chemical storage facilities) relocated from areas prone to natural hazards.
Disaster resilience monitoring and mitigation is an ongoing process, and few communities can claim that they are completely free from the risk of natural disasters. When disaster strikes, a mitigation plan can help guide the recovery effort toward increased resilience to future disasters.
By integrating mitigation concepts into governmental activities today, a community can reduce its vulnerability to natural hazards and avoid much more costly losses from tomorrow’s disasters. The time, energy, and resources invested in mitigation could significantly reduce the demand for future dollars by reducing the amount needed for emergency recovery, repair, and reconstruction after a disaster. While each of these threats is a problem in and of themselves, they are frequently the cause of secondary issues such as long-term power and telephone outages.  In some cases, the event may cause disruption to critical supplies and services such as food, medical supplies and gasoline. Preparing for such disasters is critical for ensuring the safety and security of residents, staff and visitors of long-term care facilities. To provide guidance to                                                  (facility name) on emergency policies and procedures to protect the lives and property of residents, staff and visitors.
Residents of this facility require special emergency considerations in planning for disasters or emergencies and in ensuring safety. In the event an emergency exceeds the facility’s capability, external services and resources may be required. Local, state and federal departments and agencies may provide assistance necessary to protect lives and property.
Depending on the scope of the event and the type of assistance needed, local, state and federal departments and agencies may be unable to respond immediately.  It is the responsibility of the care facility to be prepared to care for the residents, staff and visitors for seven to ten days. The care facility will comply with all state and local requirements for review and inspection of safety plans and procedures. The care facility should have an emergency action plan in place capable of providing for the safety and protection of residents, staff and visitors.  Procedures should be developed to insure that residents who are cognitively impaired, physically impaired, hearing impaired, speech impaired, or have English as a second language are properly informed and alerted as necessary. Identify power needs based on which equipment and appliances are necessary for the safety and security of residents, staff and visitors. Maintain a 7 to 10 day supply of emergency fuel.  Establish a delivery agreement with a supplier. Activate and test the generator under load according to National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) requirements and state and local regulations.
Schedule employee orientation training and in-service training programs on the operations of the emergency plan. Provide demonstrations on warning systems and proper use of emergency equipment for the staff, residents, and residents’ families.
Document each drill, instruction or event to include date, content and participants involved. It is recommended that at least one drill be conducted on an annual basis to exercise all aspects of the emergency action plan.  Document drills with critiques and evaluations. Ensure all staff are trained on the disaster plan to execute the activities of the Command Post.  All staff should know the location of the Disaster Preparedness Plan.


Describe transportation arrangements for logistical support to include moving and protecting records, medications, food, water and other necessities. Identify evacuation routes that will be used as well as secondary routes should the primary routes be impassable.
Determine and specify the amount of time it will take to successfully evacuate all patients to the receiving facility. Specify the procedures that ensure facility staff will accompany evacuating residents and procedures for staff to care for residents after evacuation. Identify procedures to keep track of residents once they have been evacuated.  Include a log system. Establish procedures for responding to family inquiries about residents who have been evacuated. Establish procedures to ensure all residents and staff are out of the facility and accounted. Specify at what point Mutual Aid Agreements for transportation and the notification of alterative facilities will begin. If potential disaster is weather related, closely monitor weather conditions and update department directors as necessary.
Prepare the                                                     (location) for Command Post operations and alert staff of impending operations. Pre-arrange emergency transportation of non-ambulatory residents (dialysis residents, etc.) and their records. Have a plan in place for pharmaceuticals with (pharmacy name) and an alternate source to determine emergency operations in the event of halted deliveries or the need for backup.
Activate the Disaster Preparedness Plan and conduct Command Post operations, including communications, message control and routing of essential information.
Coordinate actions and requests for assistance with local jurisdiction emergency services and the community.
Coordinate recovery operations with the local Emergency Management Agency and other local agencies to restore normal operations, to perform search and rescue, and to re-establish essential services. Provide local authorities a master list of displaced, missing, injured or dead; and notify the next of kin. Provide information on sanitary precautions for contaminated water and food to staff, volunteers, residents and appropriate personnel.
The facility Administrator is responsible for the overall direction and control of facility emergency operations, receiving requested assistance from the heads of each internal department, the local Emergency Management Agency, local Fire Department, local Police Department, private and volunteer organizations and various local and state departments and agencies.
Coordinate the activation, and oversee the implementation, of disaster preparedness plans and procedures. Assign responsibility for maintaining facility safety, including securing necessary equipment and alternative power sources.
Ensure availability of special resident menu requirements and assess needs for additional food stocks.
Assign a coordinator to ensure the cleanliness of all residents and provision of residents’ supplies for 7 to 10 days. Evaluate your facility and the area surrounding it for vulnerability to each of the identified natural hazards. Once you have completed the scoring, look at the Total Scores.  The highest number indicates what you think may be your highest risk(s). The following pages provide emergency response checklists for natural hazards that may occur in the Pacific Northwest.


7.   Maintain an accurate blueprint of all utility lines and pipes associated with the facility and grounds. 7.   Be prepared for after-shocks and re-evaluate building safety after additional seismic activities. 2.   Install check valves in building sewer traps to prevent flood water from backing up into building drains.
4.    Invest in flood insurance by either calling the National Flood Insurance Program at (800) 427-4661 or contacting your local insurance agent. 7.   Seek the advice of a geotechnical expert for evaluating landslide hazards or designing corrective techniques to reduce landslide risk. Most of the local hazards associated with volcanic eruption are “secondary” in nature such as ashfall and mud flows. Business Continuity Planning (BCP) and Disaster Recovery Planning (DRP) are critical elements of organizational management, and involve the workable plan, process, procedures and policies that are effectuated to enable recovery and continuity of operations in the event of a natural or human-induced disaster. Some face risks from several types of natural hazards, such as earthquakes, landslides, and wildfires, while others suffer primarily from a single type of hazard, such as flooding. Natural disasters provide an opportunity for communities to become more sustainable—to rebuild and redevelop homes, businesses, critical facilities and infrastructure in a manner that they will be less vulnerable to future disasters.
The plan can help forge a common vision on how to make the community, including its businesses, more resilient and sustainable. That is, it could make a community more sustainable, by safeguarding the environment, protecting the local economy, and promoting greater equity.
Small animals like rats and snakes that have been flooded out of their homes may seek shelter in yours.
After a flood, the ground and floors are covered with debris including broken bottles and nails. Because for an valid measurement to occur, a community would have to compare damage incurred with and without the hazard mitigation actions. Finally, the indicators can help build support for mitigation programs by showing tangible benefits. Some are subject to seasonal hazards that occur in relatively predictable areas, such as wildfires in the west or Nor’easters along the Atlantic coast, while in other communities, disasters can strike anytime. To do so requires communities to implement policies and programs that (1) make structures in hazard-prone areas more damage-resistant, (2) avoid development in hazardous areas, and (3) protect natural areas that can reduce the impacts of natural disasters. In most other places, however, particularly in large cities that were settled along rivers or ports or in earthquake-prone areas, relocation of all vulnerable properties is not feasible.
And the plan can help ensure that community decisions about the type and location of future growth consider the impacts of natural hazards. And the events being compared would have to be of the same strength, duration, and location. Several indicators for improving the resilience of homes, businesses, critical facilities, and the natural environment are shown in the disaster resilience monitoring list below.
Thus, each community is unique, and its approach to addressing the threat of natural disaster varies considerably based on disaster strategy.



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