Emergency preparedness and response in Canada are shared responsibilities of individuals, corporations and governments, with the division of responsibility established by a wide range of legislation, regulations, bylaws, customs and practices.
Provincial governments are responsible for education, health and welfare, civil law, natural resources and local government.
The Town of Olds is a partner in the Mountain View Regional Emergency Response Plan, along with the municipalities of Didsbury, Carstairs, Cremona, Sundre and Mountain View County.
Emergency means a present or imminent event that requires prompt coordination of actions or special regulation of persons or property to protect the health, safety or welfare of people, or to limit damage to property.
Disaster means an event that results in serious harm to the safety, health or welfare of people or in widespread damage to property. Level 1 Emergency - This is an incident in which the municipality has the capability to manage and control the incident utilizing its own resources and expertise. Level 2 Emergency - This is an incident that requires, in addition to normal emergency response, municipal support for coordination of the on-site operations. Level 3 Emergency - This is an incident that requires Level 2 emergency response with additional government support to coordinate activities.
A State of Local Emergency may only be declared under certain specific conditions, and once declared, a specific chain of events is put into motion. The power to declare a State of Local Emergency is derived from the Disaster Services Act, and is made on declaration by Council Resolution. The persons able to make such as a declaration are specified within the applicable municipal bylaw (e.g.

Knowing what to do when (not "if") a disaster strikes will help you better control the situation and be in a better position to recover more quickly. Much of this information is contained in a free Government of Canada publication, "Be Prepared Not Scared", available from the Office of Critical Infrastructure Protection and Emergency Preparedness. The division of responsibility among governments is founded in the Constitution Act of Canada. The primary responsibility for emergency preparedness and response lies with provincial government. As a crisis extends beyond individual capabilities, it becomes the responsibility first of municipal government, then provincial, and finally in the most severe cases the federal government.
The response plan is continually updated, and outlines specific municipal duties and functions in response to emergencies, including Emergency Operations personnel and the resources available in each municipality.
The conditions that a disaster threatens or causes may require the use of extraordinary powers through the declaration of a "State of Emergency". Generally this is an emergency of SHORT DURATION (under 8 hours) and LOW IMPACT to the community. It is generally an incident of LONG DURATION (over 8 hours) and HIGH IMPACT to the community.
A State of Local Emergency is the creation of a legal state of affairs of a temporary nature where extraordinary action may be taken to deal with the situation at hand. Town of Olds Bylaw 00-015), and is usually the Mayor, Deputy Mayor, or two members of Town Council.

When disaster strikes, you may not be able to rely on normal services and infrastructure, which may be disrupted temporarily or on a large scale. No community is equipped to handle all the demands of a catastrophe - help your community by preparing and helping yourself. This act, among other things, defines the areas in which federal and provincial governments can enact legislation.
Although no community is equipped to handle all the demands of a catastrophe, municipalities in Alberta are required, under the provincial Disaster Services Act, to appoint a Disaster Services Committee and to establish and maintain a Municipal Disaster Services Agency. At this level, full coordination may be required that will involve appointment of an Emergency Site Manager, response by external resources, and the activation of the Emergency Operations Centre. The federal government has jurisdiction over defense, foreign affairs, criminal law, money and banking, trade, transportation, citizenship, public and environmental protection, and aboriginal affairs.
A Level 2 Emergency may require the appointment of an Emergency Site Manager, support by agencies of the Disaster Services Agency, and a partial activation of an Emergency Operations Centre.

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