I believe there are at least three key things that many people are leaving out of their Bug Out Bag. Here’s a list of disaster preparedness quotes to inspire action today so that you can be prepared for whatever the future holds. While each of these threats is a problem in and of themselves, they are frequently the cause of secondary issues such as long-term power and telephone outages.  In some cases, the event may cause disruption to critical supplies and services such as food, medical supplies and gasoline. Preparing for such disasters is critical for ensuring the safety and security of residents, staff and visitors of long-term care facilities. To provide guidance to                                                  (facility name) on emergency policies and procedures to protect the lives and property of residents, staff and visitors. Residents of this facility require special emergency considerations in planning for disasters or emergencies and in ensuring safety. In the event an emergency exceeds the facility’s capability, external services and resources may be required. Local, state and federal departments and agencies may provide assistance necessary to protect lives and property. Depending on the scope of the event and the type of assistance needed, local, state and federal departments and agencies may be unable to respond immediately.  It is the responsibility of the care facility to be prepared to care for the residents, staff and visitors for seven to ten days.
The care facility will comply with all state and local requirements for review and inspection of safety plans and procedures.
The care facility should have an emergency action plan in place capable of providing for the safety and protection of residents, staff and visitors.  Procedures should be developed to insure that residents who are cognitively impaired, physically impaired, hearing impaired, speech impaired, or have English as a second language are properly informed and alerted as necessary.
Identify power needs based on which equipment and appliances are necessary for the safety and security of residents, staff and visitors.
Maintain a 7 to 10 day supply of emergency fuel.  Establish a delivery agreement with a supplier. Activate and test the generator under load according to National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) requirements and state and local regulations. Schedule employee orientation training and in-service training programs on the operations of the emergency plan. Provide demonstrations on warning systems and proper use of emergency equipment for the staff, residents, and residents’ families. Document each drill, instruction or event to include date, content and participants involved.
It is recommended that at least one drill be conducted on an annual basis to exercise all aspects of the emergency action plan.  Document drills with critiques and evaluations. Ensure all staff are trained on the disaster plan to execute the activities of the Command Post.  All staff should know the location of the Disaster Preparedness Plan.
Describe transportation arrangements for logistical support to include moving and protecting records, medications, food, water and other necessities. Identify evacuation routes that will be used as well as secondary routes should the primary routes be impassable. Determine and specify the amount of time it will take to successfully evacuate all patients to the receiving facility.
Specify the procedures that ensure facility staff will accompany evacuating residents and procedures for staff to care for residents after evacuation. Identify procedures to keep track of residents once they have been evacuated.  Include a log system. Establish procedures for responding to family inquiries about residents who have been evacuated. Establish procedures to ensure all residents and staff are out of the facility and accounted. Specify at what point Mutual Aid Agreements for transportation and the notification of alterative facilities will begin.


If potential disaster is weather related, closely monitor weather conditions and update department directors as necessary. Prepare the                                                     (location) for Command Post operations and alert staff of impending operations.
Pre-arrange emergency transportation of non-ambulatory residents (dialysis residents, etc.) and their records. Have a plan in place for pharmaceuticals with (pharmacy name) and an alternate source to determine emergency operations in the event of halted deliveries or the need for backup.
Activate the Disaster Preparedness Plan and conduct Command Post operations, including communications, message control and routing of essential information. Coordinate actions and requests for assistance with local jurisdiction emergency services and the community. Coordinate recovery operations with the local Emergency Management Agency and other local agencies to restore normal operations, to perform search and rescue, and to re-establish essential services. Provide local authorities a master list of displaced, missing, injured or dead; and notify the next of kin. Provide information on sanitary precautions for contaminated water and food to staff, volunteers, residents and appropriate personnel. The facility Administrator is responsible for the overall direction and control of facility emergency operations, receiving requested assistance from the heads of each internal department, the local Emergency Management Agency, local Fire Department, local Police Department, private and volunteer organizations and various local and state departments and agencies. Coordinate the activation, and oversee the implementation, of disaster preparedness plans and procedures. Assign responsibility for maintaining facility safety, including securing necessary equipment and alternative power sources. Ensure availability of special resident menu requirements and assess needs for additional food stocks.
Assign a coordinator to ensure the cleanliness of all residents and provision of residents’ supplies for 7 to 10 days. Evaluate your facility and the area surrounding it for vulnerability to each of the identified natural hazards. Once you have completed the scoring, look at the Total Scores.  The highest number indicates what you think may be your highest risk(s). The following pages provide emergency response checklists for natural hazards that may occur in the Pacific Northwest. 7.   Maintain an accurate blueprint of all utility lines and pipes associated with the facility and grounds. 7.   Be prepared for after-shocks and re-evaluate building safety after additional seismic activities.
2.   Install check valves in building sewer traps to prevent flood water from backing up into building drains. 4.    Invest in flood insurance by either calling the National Flood Insurance Program at (800) 427-4661 or contacting your local insurance agent. 7.   Seek the advice of a geotechnical expert for evaluating landslide hazards or designing corrective techniques to reduce landslide risk. Most of the local hazards associated with volcanic eruption are “secondary” in nature such as ashfall and mud flows. An average of 20 typhoons and dangerous storms arrive in the Philippines from the Pacific Ocean over the eastern seaboard yearly. All governmental and private entities responsible for large segments of the population  should be prepared for these fateful natural disasters and put into force mitigation techniques to reduce potential risk and loss of life. Information, preparation and understanding of these massive natural disasters is critical for the effective reduction in loss of life and limb.
Over 800 people were killed by the eruption, mostly by roofs collapsing under the weight of accumulated and saturated wet ash, a hazard that was largely exacerbated by the simultaneous arrival of Typhoon Yunya.


At the writing of this paper, the Taal Volcano is currently exhibiting signs of another eruption.
Bad weather, especially during typhoon season, poor maintenance, overloading of vessels -- especially during the Christmas season as families return to their villages for reunions -- and lax enforcement of regulations has brought many tragedies. The need for terrorism suppression and bomb analysis, search techniques and evacuation procedures are critical. Office of Emergency Management (OEM) also recommends keeping emergency supplies for up to seven days at your place of work. If you enjoyed this post, please consider leaving a comment or subscribing to the RSS feed to have future articles delivered to your feed reader.
This way if the house becomes unstable and can’t be used I can still access my supplies, and if necessary use the lawn building as part of a shelter.
For your emergency supply needs, visit Major Survival and mention 'COPE' for a 10% discount. A Bug Out Bag(BOB) is nothing more than an easily grabbed bag that already has stuff in it to help you survive almost any situation for the short term.
A lot of kits have a deck of playing cards, but it is also likely you may encounter someone that does not know how to play. It may not take the place of their favorite one that they just had to leave behind, but it will comfort them.
A little chocolate, some coloring books with crayons, and a stuffed animal or two will help you with your own children or ones you may encounter whenever the need for your BOB arises.
The actual decisions an individual makes in regards to preparation or a real emergency is the sole responsibility of that person.
Small animals like rats and snakes that have been flooded out of their homes may seek shelter in yours. After a flood, the ground and floors are covered with debris including broken bottles and nails.
These comprehensive and timely seminars provide the kind of training needed to better-prepare administrators and first responders. Alert level two is currently in effect for Taal, which lies only 30 miles south of the Philippine capital city of Manila.
Storing them in a garage might be a good idea because many garages are built on concrete floors and therefore will be more stable during a big quake.
It is designed to be already packed and easily grabbed that will enable you to survive short term. Many police and fire departments carry stuffed animals in their vehicles for exactly this purpose. If you do not have children there is a great chance that in a disaster you will encounter them. The most important thing is to store your supplies in such a way that they won’t fall. Always keep some supplies under your bed including a flashlight, hardhat, gloves, sturdy shoes, whistle, crowbar and extra glasses.
Keep supplies wherever you can find space, and  the most important thing is to be actively thinking about and doing what you can to prepare for a disaster.



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Rubric: Emergency Preparedness Survival



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