The use of felt-soled waders or boots in Vermont waters is prohibited starting April 1, 2011. TERBURY, Vt - Anglers, hunters, trappers and others who wade in Vermont's streams and lakes will be helping to protect our natural resources by paying close attention to their foot gear. Good added that, while research hasn't proven a connection between the presence of didymo and declines in trout numbers, taking steps to prevent the spread of the invasive didymo is important. This is a story that is going to be repeated over and over during the next couple of years.
Well, with the snowpack we have and all, nothing will be fishable til mid-June anyway, and by that time, it'll be warm enough that I won't care all that much every time I slip and fall in.
I think this is a necessary step in the right direction, and hopefully this gets done nationwide in time to stop anything catastrophic from happening to an already fragile series of river systems.
The only way to prevent cross contamination is to prevent ANYTHING from going into the water. I feel a lot safer wearing felts too, but I'm not going to be the one responsible for spreading the problem. If anyone wants to do some reading on the science of the felt sole debate, here are some links. At this point there is no such thing as a budget wading boot with rubber soles that doesn't suck.
Most of you are unaware that in the passed Vermont legislation, there is an exemption for state and federal employees. This allows Vermont fisheries as well as other personnel to use felt soled waders and boots.
So the ultimate irony is that a Vermont warden can give you a citation for wearing felt boots while wearing felt boots himself. When I worked for a resource agency I was careful to choose my words also because if I didn't, my supervisor would edit them out! Too bad we cannot ask the authors, "Will your recommendations prevent the spread of Didymo, yes or no?" There were times in my job when, if asked such a question, I would have come face to face with choosing complete honesty or losing my job! In Montana, the ban was voted down based on State Fishery workers indicating that they would not abandon felt for safety (and perhaps liability?) reasons. You are absolutely correct Silver, but that is a political issue, while the issue that Mikel needs to keep in mind is the value of banning felt soled boots for use by fishermen while allowing state fishery workers to continue to use them. As usual, he chooses to disengage when he can't come up with logical arguments to support his side of an issue. It is not only dydimo and felt soled boots that is an example of how experts that should know better say one thing but do another on the issue invasive species. Another example is Whirling Disease (WD) and the Colorado Division of Wildlife's (CDW) trout hatcheries.
Last fall, the Division of Wildlife released new research suggesting that the stocking of infected fish in WD+ reservoirs was increasing the level of infection in brown trout populations downstream (for highlights from the research, see the whirling disease page).
Nevertheless, when a state such as Colorado with its many miles of trout habitat acts in such a way, is there any wonder that I dig into the the actual bills that are passed to see if the rules apply equally to the state employees and the fishing public?
Can we not agree that the fishing public and the state employees should be treated equally under the law?
I have not done my homework on WD, but from what I know, Colorado spent $11 million dollars (?) disinfecting their hatcheries but it didn't work!
Obviously, the CDOW does not believe in wasting their resources on containment of invasives! I don't look for Colorado to ban felt anytime soon as I have been told by one of their employees that there is no discussion of a ban as of yet.
No one has mentioned the role of fish farms and private stocking on the spread of disease either which I find strange. Our Department, on its own initiative, has established spread prevention and decontamination protocols for our own staff when they are engaged in different water-based activities; an example is attached which pre-dates the felt legislation. Although the risk of transferring unwanted organisms is reduced when using non-felt alternatives, precautions should still be taken after fishing and especially when moving between waters.


Check your boots and remove all mud and vegetation, as these could carry aquatic invasive species. Add a cup of dishwashing detergent or several capfuls of household bleach to a gallon of water and soak and scrub your boots with a stiff bristled brush for about a minute. Please do you part to help stop the spread of didymo and other aquatic invasive species by properly disinfecting your boots and other fishing equipment before moving to another waterbody, watershed or upstream site. Empress Of Drac, A Frugal Cebuana Blogger A true-blue Cebuana, blogging about Frugal Living, Self-Reliance, Prepping, Freelance Life and of course Cebu.
SHTF blog (“Sewage” Hits The Fan blog) offers preparedness news, information, commentary – and other awesome stuff. In today’s article I want to focus on the gear that you should stockpile inside you car, excluding food and water, which will be the topic of a future article. Of course, if you really want to be covered for everything, the more questions you ask yourself, the better.
Will you be forced to drive through the narrow streets of your city before reaching the highway?
You may also want to add a reflective vest, in case you need to fix a flat tire at night or if you’re forced to abandon your car and continue your journey on the foldable bike you might have inside the trunk.
A good GPS, a good compass (plus the knowledge to use it) and, of course, topographic maps of the area (preferably laminated to keep them waterproof) are needed. Walkie-talkies, flare guns, CB radio and, of course, a whistle can all be used to communicate. Though your car can make a great shelter, expect to abandon it at some point and continue your journey on foot. Having one or more guns inside your car is crucial (if the law allows it where you live), but don’t ignore the alternatives.
This will be the topic of a separate article and I’m sure you already know some of the items to get.
Just think about what you have or plant to put in your bug out bag and start building a similar bag for your car. Why?
Then you're gonna love my free PDF, 20 common survival items, 20 uncommon survival uses for each. This trail snack packs massive energy and loads of nutrients into a satisfying yet unsightly sludge. The use of felt-soled waders or boots in Vermont waters is prohibited starting April 1, 2011. The same precautions that can prevent the spread of didymo, can also prevent the spread of whirling disease, which can have devastating effects on rainbow trout populations.Didymo was first found in Vermont in the Connecticut River in 2007. Little critters can hide inside a wading boot, reel, or other equipment just as well if not better than in the felt.
It seems to me that if banning felt is important, Vermont fisheries workers, who are routinely in the waters and are more likely to be in different watersheds routinely, should be the first to transition to rubber soles. This is the kind of legislation that burdens the public, but exempts government which drives me nuts. However they still have a policy of stocking infected fish "only" into waters that already have WD. CTU believes this research offers further evidence that the stocking of infected fish (even in habitats that already have the WD parasite present) can harm the resource.
Maryland, for example, has an aggressive testing policy and they did the right thing and closed the Bear Creek hatchery when WD was found. How can anyone, in this time in our history, say that a public employee carving out a privilege for himself over the public is acceptable? Now, before you start spending your hard-earned money on Amazon, let’s figure out your needs. A couple of lighters kept in Ziploc bags, waterproof matches, blast matches and some tinder should be more than enough. A spare cell phone, an extra battery plus a charger (solar, or hand-crank) are also must-haves.


This is why you should have a backpack inside the trunk with some essentials, including a 2-person tent, a bivvy bag or, if it’s warm outside, a poncho or a tarp. Just keep in mind that the shelf life of medicine is affected by high temperatures so, if your car stays for long periods of time under the hot sun, this could be a problem. This will also subscribe you to my newsletter so you stay up-to-date with everything: new articles, ebooks, products and more!
Lifted straight from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, this thorough chart lays down the law in regards to healthy drinking water treatment methods for backcountry and travel use. Instead the Vermont exempts their own employees while mandating a change for the fishermen.
Instead of shutting the fish hatcheries down and cleaning them, the CDW continued to stock infected fish into its public waters, some of which were previously uninfected! They had research which showed that parasite dose exposure in the environment increases infection rates and decreases survival. Trout from positive hatcheries will be stocked into waters where the parasite has been found to minimize the risk of contaminating other watersheds. You might want to keep at least one in the center console, so it’s easily accessible from everyone in the car. Speaking of which, you may want to have airtight containers that you could use to fill with water you find along the way or with snow (which you will have to melt before you drink, btw). Maybe you need to check your bug out location from afar when you get to it, to make sure it hasn’t been already looted? Having pepper or wasp spray, a good survival knife (more on that in a moment) and even an alternative survival weapon such as a slingshot or a bow could not only save your ass when you and your guns are separated,  but they’ll also allow you to hunt without making too much noise. Fixed blade knives are better for heavy duty stuff while folding knives are better for more delicate things such as skinning an animal.
Don’t be confused by the plethora of semi-accurate information available online, this is the where the buck stops. In some of these new environments, didymo has formed nuisance blooms and dense mats several inches thick that carpet stream bottoms."In some cases, didymo can change aquatic insect communities and native algae populations in streams," said Vermont Fish and Wildlife Department fisheries biologist Shawn Good. Nuisance blooms have since occurred in the Mad, White, East Branch Passumpsic, and Gihon Rivers. Of course their boots carrying nasties is only bad if they move to other waters without treating them.
Only trout from negative testing hatcheries can be stocked into waters where the parasite has not been found. The material is known for its edge performance, hardness and corrosion resistance, all qualities you want to look for when shopping for a knife.
For instance, they provide better insulation if you’re going to put them directly on the ground to sleep on. If you get a pack of 10, you can split them between your BOB, your GHB and even keep one in your EDC (in addition to your car). I read the articles and I did not see anything conclusive that felt wading boots ARE the problem. The Kershaw 0160 using 14C28N steel holds an edge well and yet it can be honed back to peak sharpness with little effort using your honing stone. Knowing how to maintain a healthy water supply is imperative to survival, and if you’re out there adventuring you want to be making intelligent, informed decisions. This means the knife is a good all around survival knife that can also be used as a skinning knife because of its ability to hold an edge. Boots and other equipment should be dried, preferably in the sun, or disinfected with dishwashing detergent or bleach solution.



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