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By clicking 1 Click Bid, you commit to buy this item from the seller if you're the winning bidder. Some of these monographs may be thought of as an anthology of maps, which, like all anthologies, reflects the taste and predilection of the collector. Cartography, like architecture, has attributes of both a scientific and an artistic pursuit, a dichotomy that is certainly not satisfactorily reconciled in all presentations. The significance of maps - and much of their meaning in the past - derives from the fact that people make them to tell other people about the places or space they have experienced.
It is assumed that cartography, like art, pre-dates writing; like pictures, map symbols are apt to be more universally understood than verbal or written ones.
As previously mentioned, many early maps, especially those prior to the advent of mass production printing techniques, are known only through descriptions or references in the literature (having either perished or disappeared). It must be said at the outset that we have little contemporary evidence for Greco-Roman maps. Methods for accurately reproducing and eventually printing maps in sufficient quantities to enable cartographical knowledge to a€?penetrate very deepa€™ are in fact a feature only of modern times.
It is nonetheless the case that many modern school atlases could not (and cannot) resist the temptation to reconstruct ancient maps by combining modern knowledge about the shape of the earth's landmass with data from ancient texts. Many libraries and collections were not in the habit of preserving maps that they considered a€?obsoletea€? and simply discarded them.
A series of maps of one region, arranged in chronological order, can show vividly how it was discovered, explored by travelers and described in detail; this may be seen in facsimile atlases like those of America (K. As mediators between an inner mental world and an outer physical world, maps are fundamental tools helping the human mind make sense of its universe at various scales. The history of cartography represents more than a technical and practical history of the artifacts.
The only evidence we have for the mapmaking inclinations and talents of the inhabitants of Europe and adjacent parts of the Middle East and North Africa during the prehistoric period is the markings and designs on relatively indestructible materials. Although some questions will always remain unanswered, there can be no doubt that prehistoric rock and mobiliary art as a whole constitutes a major testimony of early mana€™s expression of himself and his world view.
Despite the richness of civilization in ancient Babylonia and the recovery of whole archives and libraries, a mere handful of Babylonian maps have so far been found. Although cuneiform maps may not be forerunners from which later Western maps originate, they share characteristics with other cartographic traditions in their graphic imaging of territorial, social, and cosmological space. Where once such maps would not have been admitted within a general history of cartography, a new view of the meaning of the map can embrace them.
By no means do all ancient Near Eastern maps display metrological finesse or even the use of measurement, though some characteristically do, such as the agrarian field and urban plot cadastral surveys. The maps of cities with their waterways and surrounding physical landscape combine cartography of sacred space, seen in the temple plans, with that of economic space, seen in the field surveys. The Babylonian world map is an attempt to encompass the totality of the eartha€™s surface iconographically: land, ocean, mountain, swamp, and distant uncharted a€?regionsa€? This said, it represents more of an understanding of what the world is from the viewpoint of historical imagination than an image of its topography against a measured framework.
The diversity of cultures that have sought to preserve their maps, putting them on clay, papyrus, parchment, and other writing media, points to a near universality of making maps in human culture. Egypt, which exercised so strong an influence on the ancient civilizations of southeast Europe and the Near East, has left us no more numerous cartographic documents than her neighbor Babylonia. In so far as cartography was concerned, perhaps the greatest extant Egyptian achievement is represented by the Turin Papyrus, collected by Bernardino Drovetti before 1824 (see monograph #102) . In so far as cartography was concerned, perhaps the greatest extent that Egyptian achievement is represented is by the Turin Papyrus, collected by Bernardino Drovetti before 1824 (#102). It has often been remarked that the Greek contribution to cartography lay in the speculative and theoretical realms rather than in the practical realm, and nowhere is this truer than in the Archaic and Classical Period. To the Arab countries belongs chief credit for keeping alive an interest in astronomical studies during the so-called Christian middle ages, and we find them interested in globe construction, that is, in celestial globe construction; so far as we have knowledge, it seems doubtful that they undertook the construction of terrestrial globes.
Among the Christian peoples of Europe in this same period there was not wanting an interest in both geography and astronomy. Above the convex surface of the earth (ki-a) spread the sky (ana), itself divided into two regions - the highest heaven or firmament, which, with the fixed stars immovably attached to it, revolved, as round an axis or pivot, around an immensely high mountain, which joined it to the earth as a pillar, and was situated somewhere in the far North-East, some say North, and the lower heaven, where the planets - a sort of resplendent animals, seven in number, of beneficent nature - wandered forever on their appointed path.
Now, it is remarkable that the Greeks, adopting the earlier Chaldean ideas concerning the sphericity of the earth, believed also in the circumfluent ocean; but they appear to have removed its position from latitudes encircling the Arctic regions to a latitude in close proximity to the equator. Notwithstanding this encroachment of the external ocean - encroachment which may have obliterated indications of a certain northern portion of Australia, and which certainly filled those regions with the great earth - surrounding river Okeanos - the traditions relating to the existence of an island, of immense extent, beyond the known world, were kept up, for they pervade the writings of many of the authors of antiquity. In a fragment of the works of Theopompus, preserved by Aelian, is the account of a conversation between Silenus and Midas, King of Phrygia, in which the former says that Europe, Asia, and Africa were lands surrounded by the sea; but that beyond this known world was another island, of immense extent, of which he gives a description.
Theopompus declareth that Midas, the Phrygian, and Selenus were knit in familiaritie and acquaintance.
The side of the boat curves inwards, so that when reversed the figure of it would be like an orange with a slice taken off the top, and then set on its flat side. Comparing these early notions, as to the shape and extent of the habitable world, with the later ideas which limited the habitable portion of the globe to the equatorial regions, we may surmise how it came to pass that islands--to say nothing of continents which could not be represented for want of space - belonging to the southern hemisphere were set down as belonging to the northern hemisphere.
We have no positive proof of this having been done at a very early period, as the earlier globes and maps have all disappeared; but we may safely conjecture as much, judging from copies that have been handed down.
Early maps of the world, as distinguished from globes, take us back to a somewhat more remote period; they all bear most of the disproportions of the Ptolemaic geography, for none belonging to the pre-Ptolemaic period are known to exist. We have seen that, according to the earliest geographical notions, the habitable world was represented as having the shape of an inverted round boat, with a broad river or ocean flowing all round its rim, beyond which opened out the Abyss or bottomless pit, which was beneath the habitable crust. The description is sufficiently clear, and there is no mistaking its general sense, the only point that needs elucidation being that which refers to the position of the earth or globe as viewed by the spectator. Our modern notions and our way of looking at a terrestrial globe or map with the north at the top, would lead us to conclude that the abyss or bottomless pit of the inverted Chaldean boat, the Hades and Tartaros of the Greek conception, should be situated to the south, somewhere in the Antarctic regions.
The internal evidence of the Poems points to a northern as well as a southern location for the entrance to the infernal regions.
Another probable source of information: The Phoinikes of Homer are the same Phoenicians who as pilots of King Solomona€™s fleets brought gold and silver, ivory, apes and peacocks from Asia beyond the Ganges and the East Indian islands.
European mariners and geographers of the Homeric period considered the bearing of land and sea only in connection with the rising and setting of the sun and with the four winds Boreas, Euros, Notos, and Sephuros. These mariners and geographers adopted the plan - an arbitrary one - of considering the earth as having the north above and the south below, and, after globes or maps had been constructed with the north at the top, and this method had been handed down to us, we took for granted that it had obtained universally and in all times. Such has not been the case, for the earliest navigators, the Phoenicians, the Arabs, the Chinese, and perhaps all Asiatic nations, considered the south to be above and the north below.
It is strange that some historians, in pointing out so cleverly that the Chaldean conception was more in accordance with the true doctrine concerning the form of the globe than had been suspected, fails, at the same time, to notice that Homer in his brain-map reversed the Chaldean terrestrial globe and placed the north at the top. During the middle ages, we shall see a reversion take place, and the terrestrial paradise and heavenly paradise placed according to the earlier Chaldean notions; and on maps of this epoch, encircling the known world from the North Pole to the equator, flows the antic Ocean, which in days of yore encircled the infernal regions.
At a later period, during which planispheric maps, showing one hemisphere of the world, may have been constructed, the circumfluent ocean must have encircled the world as represented by the geographical exponents of the time being; albeit in a totally different way than expressed in the Shumiro-Accadian records.
It follows from all this that, as mariners did actually traverse those regions and penetrate south of the equator, the islands they visited most, such as Java, its eastern prolongation of islands, Sumbawa, etc., were believed to be in the northern hemisphere, and were consequently placed there by geographers, as the earliest maps of the various editions of Ptolemya€™s Geography bear witness.
These mistakes were the result doubtless of an erroneous interpretation of information received; and the most likely period during which cognizance of these islands was obtained was when Alexandria was the center of the Eastern and Western commerce of the world.
But to return to the earlier Pre-Ptolemaic period and to form an idea of the chances of information which the traffic carried on in the Indian Ocean may have offered to the Greeks and Romans, here is what Antonio Galvano, Governor of Ternate says in 1555, quoting Strabo and Pliny (Strabo, lib. Now as the above articles of commerce, mentioned by Strabo and Pliny, after leaving their original ports in Asia and Austral-Asia, were conveyed from one island to another, any information, when sought for, concerning the location of the islands from which the spices came, must necessarily have been of a very unreliable character, for the different islands at which any stay was made were invariably confounded with those from which the spices originally came. From these facts, and many others, such as the positions given to the Mountain of the East or North-East of the Shumiro-Accads, the Mountain of the South, or Southwest, of Homer, and the Infernal Regions, we may conclude that the North Pole of the Ancients was situated somewhere in the neighborhood of the Sea of Okhotsk.
It is in the Classical Period of Greek cartography that we can start to trace a continuous tradition of theoretical concepts about the size and shape of the earth. Likewise, it should be emphasized that the vast majority of our knowledge about Greek cartography in this early period is known primarily only from second- or third-hand accounts. There is no complete break between the development of cartography in Classical and in Hellenistic Greece. In spite of these speculations, however, Greek cartography might have remained largely the province of philosophy had it not been for a vigorous and parallel growth of empirical knowledge.
That such a change should occur is due both to political and military factors and to cultural developments within Greek society as a whole. The librarians not only brought together existing texts, they corrected them for publication, listed them in descriptive catalogs, and tried to keep them up to date.
The other great factor underlying the increasing realism of maps of the inhabited world in the Hellenistic Period was the expansion of the Greek world through conquest and discovery, with a consequent acquisition of new geographical knowledge.
Among the contemporaries of Alexander was Pytheas, a navigator and astronomer from Massalia [Marseilles], who as a private citizen embarked upon an exploration of the oceanic coasts of Western Europe.
As exemplified by the journeys of Alexander and Pytheas, the combination of theoretical knowledge with direct observation and the fruits of extensive travel gradually provided new data for the compilation of world maps. The importance of the Hellenistic Period in the history of ancient world cartography, however, has been clearly established. In the history of geographical (or terrestrial) mapping, the great practical step forward during this period was to locate the inhabited world exactly on the terrestrial globe. Thus it was at various scales of mapping, from the purely local to the representation of the cosmos, that the Greeks of the Hellenistic Period enhanced and then disseminated a knowledge of maps. The Roman Republic offers a good case for continuing to treat the Greek contribution to mapping as a separate strand in the history of classical cartography. The remarkable influence of Ptolemy on the development of European, Arabic, and ultimately world cartography can hardly be denied. Notwithstanding his immense importance in the study of the history of cartography, Ptolemy remains in many respects a complicated figure to assess. Still the culmination of Greek cartographic thought is seen in the work of Claudius Ptolemy, who worked within the framework of the early Roman Empire. When we turn to Roman cartography, it has been shown that by the end of the Augustan era many of its essential characteristics were already in existence. In the course of the early empire large-scale maps were harnessed to a number of clearly defined aspects of everyday life.
Maps in the period of the decline of the empire and its sequel in the Byzantine civilization were of course greatly influenced by Christianity. Continuity between the classical period and succeeding ages was interrupted, and there was disruption of the old way of life with its technological achievements, which also involved mapmaking. Each month, Smoke Signals will bring you current news and information about whata€™s happening in the industry, both here and across the pond. Buy, sell, and trade with over 200 dealers at the Denver Old West Show for the 24th annual sale of authentic cowboy, Indian and western collectibles, antiques, art, jewelry, historic firearms, apparel, spurs, saddles, and other fine antique and contemporary merchandise. Jackson Hole, Wyoming - April 23, 2013 - Two books created to accompany exhibitions at the National Museum of Wildlife Art in Jackson Hole were honored Saturday night with Western Heritage Awards from the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum. On hand at the awards event to accept a Wrangler - the bronze cowboy on horseback statue presented to each Western Heritage Award honoree - for National Geographic Greatest Photographs of the American West was James C. Adam Duncan Harris, curator of art for the National Museum of Wildlife Art, was also in Oklahoma City to receive a Wrangler as editor of Bob Kuhn: Drawing on Instinct, the art book winner that was published with support of Lynn and Foster Friess and the Bob Kuhn Memorial Fund. Mesa, AZ - It's almost here, just a few weeks away, when the Best of the West ride into Mesa, Arizona showing them what the real world of Western Americana is all about. On Saturday and Sunday, shop till you drop at the renowned High Noon Western Americana Antique Show where over 150 of the country's finest exhibitors featuring the best in historic to contemporary fill the Mesa Convention Center Exhibit halls making this event a Western Americana shopping experience of a lifetime. Saturday evening, January 26th at 5pm sharp, the world-class and record-setting High Noon Auction will begin in the Ballroom of the Marriott Mesa Hotel.
Headlining the important Western art to be offered will be Viva La Revolucion, the signed watercolor on paper by Edward Borein. In all, over 300 lots will be offered at the spectacular High Noon Western Americana Auction. Saddle up everyone and we will see you in Mesa, Arizona on Saturday and Sunday, January 26 and 27, 2013, at the Mesa Convention Center and Marriott Mesa Hotel! For the first time ever, the most accurate and detailed motion picture has been written on the life and times of Texas gunman, John Wesley Hardin.A The movie will begin shooting in May, 2013.
Hardin will depict the troubled life of one of America's most notorious gunslingers, from his earliest years as a teenager to his demise in 1895.A The production will be filmed in the United States, specifically in the great state of Texas, where most of Hardin' life story took place.
A The Old West, though a small slice of American history, was yet a time when some very memorable characters emerged.
You can taste the beans cooking on the range fire and the crusty biscuits in the dutch ovens and smell the worn out leather on his cowboy's chaps as you are transported back in time to the open range. Ken Meek, Director of the Woolaroc museum recognizedA the importance of this artist and gave him the greatest honor of his career, selecting Lynn for a one-man show and exhibition of his work at the museum near Bartlesville, Oklahoma.
Lynn has been featured in well-known publications such as Western Horseman, Oklahoma Today, Cowboys and Indians, and the cover of Chip Chats (the magazine of the National Woodcarvers association).A He has also graced the pages of Art of The West and been displayed at the National Cowboy and Western Heritage Museum in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Selected from among thousands in the National Geographic Image Collection, they are the work of photographers ranging from such well-known names as William Henry Jackson and Ansel Adams to contemporary photographers William Albert Allard and Bruce Dale. The exhibition is organized by the National Museum of Wildlife Art in collaboration with the National Geographic Society and Museums West.
Pancho Villa, infamous renegade, Robin Hood, revolutionary and hero of the Mexican people, was assassinated almost 100 years ago after a highly contentious yet ultimately celebrated life. The 22nd Annual High Noon Western Americana Weekend Event will be held January 28 and 29, 2012 at the Mesa Convention Center in Mesa, AZ.
The important High Noon Western Americana Auction will begin at 5pm Saturday, January 28th, when the final Pancho Villa saddle as well as over 300 lots of important Western Americana art, artifacts and historic property will be offered. The weekend is complemented with the renowned two-day High Noon Western Americana Antique Show where over 100 of the country's finest exhibitors featuring the best in historic to contemporary fill the Mesa Convention Center Exhibit halls making this event a Western Americana shopping experience of a lifetime.
A number of pieces brought well above-estimate prices, including a John Wayne Productions movie hat that sold on the telephone for $17,250, more than 10 times the low estimate. Personal belt buckles of rodeo legend Jim Shoulders sold in 3 consecutive lots for a total of $27,600 combined, with the first offered bringing an impressive $12,650.
The personal scrapbook of Buffalo Bill's Wild West performer, Jordan Cottle brought $20,700 after a lively battle between bidders on the floor and the phones. The best line of the night was likely heard during the sale of original copies of the divorce depositions between Buffalo Bill Cody and his wife Louisa Cody. The mission of the National Day of the Cowboy nonprofit organization is to contribute to the preservation of America's Cowboy heritage so that the history and culture which the United States Congress's National Day of the Cowboy resolution honors, can be shared and perpetuated for the public good, through education, the arts, celebrations, gatherings, rodeos, and community activities. An official day honoring the Cowboy and Cowgirl has been observed in America since President George W. In response to that first formal declaration of one Day for the Cowboy, the National Day of the Cowboy nonprofit organization was established in order to pursue permanent passage of the National Day of the Cowboy resolution, so that the fourth Saturday in July would always be recognized as the National Day of the Cowboy.
Bethany Braley, the Executive Director of the organization, its Board of Directors, spokespersons, and those who volunteer their time and effort to this cause, are dedicated not only to perpetuating and preserving the 'cowboy' way of life, but also to building community all over the world among the many 'western' enthusiasts who continue to hold this element of America's history in high regard.
Last year they were proud to add the Autry National Center to the list of those dedicated to supporting the cause with their annual tradition. The National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, is very honored to announce that the 46th Annual Cowboy Artists of America (CAA) Sale and Exhibition will be held in conjunction with the Museum's longstanding Traditional Cowboy Arts Association (TCAA) Exhibition and Sale, now in its 13th year. The TCAA is dedicated to preserving and promoting saddlemaking, bit and spur making, silver-smithing and rawhide braiding.
Art enthusiasts are encouraged to save the dates now in order to attend the preview party October 14. The CAA exhibition and sale will continue through November 27, while the TCAA fine art will be on display and available for purchase through January 8, 2012. Creating a truly unprecedented opportunity to experience the finest Western art will be the collaborative Exhibition and Sale of the TCAA and the CAA. If you haven't seen the previous two episodes of The Frontier Project, a multi-segment series documenting today's artists and craftsmen who define the thriving North American cowboy culture, you won't want to miss episode three. In the first episode, Kansas craftsman Tuffy Flagler shares his career as one of the most gifted makers of traditional working gear.
Mesa, AZ a€” The ballroom of the Marriott Hotel in Mesa (AZ) was standing-room-only on Saturday evening, January 29, 2011, as bidders from across the country joined absentee, telephone and internet bidders in quest of a diverse array of Western Americana, cowboy collectibles, American Indian and fine art and artifacts along with some select Hollywood memorabilia from popular silver screen heroes. Linda Kohn Sherwood, co-owner of High Noon, opened the evening with her welcoming speech, a tradition for this High Noon event. Starting off the American Indian category was a circa 1870 Blackfeet Tomahawk and Beaded Drop (Lot #135) (PHOTO 5). The renowned cowboy artist Edward Borein always draws competitive bidding and this year, particular excitement was seen on his ornate Charro Jacket and Vest (Lot 196). Turning to the fine Western art category, the room stood in applause as the hammer dropped on Lot #230. In Linda Kohn Sherwooda€™s opening speech, she teased the crowd that a€?tonight, the true Rooster Cogburna€? would be revealed.
The best of the west stepped out in black-tie and rich Western regalia on October 2nd for the Autry Museum's Annual Fundraising Gala. In true Gala style, the dressed up crowd walked the cocktail reception, bid in the exciting silent auction, then headed to the elegant dinner catered by celebrity Wolfgang Puck. This is the Autry's largest fundraiser each year with proceeds from the event supporting their important education and outreach programs for children as well as fueling their art and artifact acquisition fund. Top: Theresa Verrier of High Noon and Dwight Yoakum look like they are about to hit the dance floor! Bottom: Melissa McCracken of Denver Old West gives Brian Lebel a big hug in support of the Autry National Center. In the September 9, 2010 issue of the Wall Street Journal, in an article entitled: a€?Riding High, The allure of all things equestrian has never been greater, as vintage saddle collectors pay record prices for unique models,a€? not only does High Noon take the limelight but the story confirms what we have always believed, there is a thirst and a burgeoning desire in this country and around the world for not only all things equestrian, but all things rooted in the rich heritage of the American West.
Last June, Smoke Signals reported on the growing movement for the antiques to be designated as a€?Green.a€? Those of us in the a€?businessa€? have always known the antiques trade is the oldest recycling system in the world and the ultimate in preserving our heritage for future generations.
The study also evaluated the manufacturing processes used to create these antique pieces versus the new manufacturing processes. At the conclusion of the study, it was determined that antiques should be recognized for their genuine green hallmark for they are a€?sustainable, re-usable, and re-saleable.
On August 4, 2010, I attended my first feast day at the Santo Domingo Pueblo, about 20 minutes north of Albuquerque.
The Santo Domingo Pueblo is one of the 19 pueblos in this area, 17 along the Rio Grande plus Zuni and Hopi.
Caked in chalk-like paint, elders of these Pueblo Indians lead the others carrying Saint Dominic down a dirt path towards the plaza, and the chanting and dancing began, continuing until sunset.
I noticed some very animated Pueblo Indians scurrying along the edges of the parade learning later they are called Kaoshare or clowns.
My friend and I were invited to eat at the home of a local family, the matriarch known for creating beautiful inlaid jewelry. Aside from entering a world unique and mysterious to me, being a guest in this home allowed me to experience the graciousness and serenity of the family. The day became increasingly hot but we were pleased to find shelter under a tent specially designated for this family and friends. If you have the chance to come to this part of New Mexico, plan your visit around a feast day.
The phone calls, the distraught baby boomers, all declared that this was the end of the Roy Rogers legacy. I witnessed not only the throngs of Roy and Dale passionados stroll through our sale (High Noon's, held in conjunction with Christie's in New York), each and everyone of them with huge smiles on their faces, but afterwards, the smiles continue. Marjorie, a retired homemaker widow, works a few days a month at Christies during their previews, helping with questions and showing material to prospective bidders. A young 17 year old arrived from Connecticut after begging her mother to bring her to the sale as a birthday gift. Thousands of photographs were taken both in front of the tricked-out Nudie Bonneville and in front of Trigger in the vestibule. During the auction over two weeks ago Wednesday, Joseph and I worked at the telephone bidding desk. Since the auction, I have spoken with the man who purchased Trigger and Bullet and to the woman who bought Nellybelle. Check out photos of the event on High Noon Western Americana's Facebook page and feel the love! High Noon is excited to announce that in 2011, we will be celebrating The Year of the American Indian.
Their culture, spirit and endurance are deeply woven into each of our lives, and High Noon is committed to ensuring their legacy lives on in strength. High Noon is very excited to announce that our January 29th, 2011 auction will feature some of the most important American Indian art and artifacts to ever come to market. Over the next several months, High Noon invites all of our family to share their knowledge, stories, photos and their treasures from these powerful nations.
In celebration of the Year of the American Indian, High Noon is pleased to offer this Cheyenne Beaded Baby Carrier, c. New York - High Noon announces the final sale featuring the remarkable collection from the Roy Rogers and Dale Evans Museum on July 14 and 15 in association with Christie's. Entertaining the masses so thoroughly for over two decades, Roy Rogers and Trigger were one of America's most recognizable duos, becoming instant classics in people's eyes, hearts and imaginations. Beginning with a stock 1964 Pontiac Bonneville Convertible, Nudie removed all traces of the original interior material and carpeting, replacing it with exquisitely hand-tooled leather.
Comprising a silver, rhinestone buttoned shirt, a purple gabardine cropped single button vest and skirt with silver leather spurs and stars theme, embellished with rhinestones throughout, the skirt finished in leather fringe, unlabeled (3). The hand drawn music and lyrics to Happy Trails, mounted on foam core board and signed Kathleen Manning Cooley and David P.
On December 12, 2009, The Roy Rogers and Dale Evans Museum closed its legendary doors after nearly four decades. Please note that High Noon Western Americana, in conjunction with the Rogers family, did try to place Trigger, Buttermilk and Bullet with a national museum, so that they could be enjoyed by all fans.
For over 20 years, High Noon has served as the nation's catalyst for the rich and exuberant Western Americana market, the arts created during this vibrant time in American history plus the works from today's Western artists and artisans have been catapulted to the forefront in the world of collecting and investing. That sale will include silver parade saddles, Roy's autographed sports memorabilia, costuming (Nudie's clothing, hats, boots, traveling trunks), personal photos, fishing gear, badges, toys, trophies and awards. Brian Lebel's Old West Show & Auction fills the Denver Merchandise Mart's Expo building this June 25-27, 2010 for its 21st annual celebration of the arts and antiques of the American West. This is the show's second year at the Denver Merchandise Mart, a venue that has allowed the event to grow in size and scope since relocating from Cody, WY. Fine art offerings from this year's auction include past and present Cowboy Artists of America members such as John Moyers, Bill Nebeker, Mehl Lawson, Nicholas Firfires, Joe Beeler, and Nick Eggenhofer. Native American artifacts at auction include a number of fine examples of 19th century Northern Plains beadwork (many with American flag motifs), Navajo silver bridles, clothing and textiles.
The Roy Rogers & Dale Evans Museum pieces include Roy's gun collection, his hunting memorabilia and safari trophies, clothing and photos, as well as his classic 1964 Lincoln convertible and his last motorcycle.
Youa€™ll know youa€™re in the presence of a true cowgirl at the Fort Worth Stockyards Arena when Cowgirl Hall of Fame Honoree Mitzi Lucas Riley shares her stories and techniques behind some of the best trick riding in the world. The National Cowgirl Museum and Hall of Fame honors and celebrates women, past and present, whose lives exemplify the courage, resilience, and independence that helped shape the American West, and fosters an appreciation of the ideals and spirit of self-reliance they inspire. The powerful relationship between man and his horse is at the very core of our Western American heritage. Currently in the development is a movie that illuminates the ongoing role horses still play in the Western Lifestyle and the preservation of the land and its resources within which we co-exist with these magnificent animals. Figure of Eight - The Ride of a Lifetime is a race to save one family's land from a logging baron determined to clear-cut. This is an important issue today as ranchers and farmers fight to save their land from development. Just over a week ago, our beloved High Noon family member, Ron Smith, was tragically struck and killed in a car accident in Maricopa County. Ron's life was a reflection of the man whose integrity and tenacity will be remembered by all who knew him. Ron was going to celebrate his 20th anniversary with High Noon in 2010, and he was really excited about it. Ron leaves a daughter Trisha Smith and son Kerry Smith along with three grandchildren Tanner, Weston and Oakley.
We all know there is one scam after another targeted to those of us who sell merchandise via the web. Denice went to her bank and opened a new account specifically for the purpose of accepting the transfer.
Then, instead of a wire transfer appearing, the bank received, via FedEx, a cashiera€™s check from the buyer.
Denice contacted the buyer in Dubai via email saying that she had received the check but that it was for in excess of almost $15,000. Thanks to the banka€™s diligence and role to protect their customers, in this case Denice Langley, they said they would refuse to deposit the check as they new it was fake or bad.
Small independent business merchants are particular targets for this kind of criminal activity.
First it was worldwide air travel that seemed to make the world smaller and allow us to connect in our business and our personal lives with people across the country and around the globe.
In the beginning, these social networking sites such as Facebook seemed to be just fun sites to re-connect with long lost friends and keep in touch with new ones.
Social networking sites are collections or communities of people sharing information and communicating online. It is the goal of High Noon to create a support community for collectors, buyers and sellers of Western Americana.
High Noon has created a Facebook page and we strongly encourage you to join (it's free) and become part of this burgeoning group of collectors and fans of Western Americana. Our goal is to be your window to everything that encompasses the world of Western Lifestyle. Smoke Signals Archives a€“ The response to our new monthly e-magazine is getting national attention.
Our naturalists and expedition leaders help create bridges between guests and riberenos—those who live on the banks of the Amazon. Whether on a skiff, on land, or aboard Delfin II, our experienced team helps brings context and understanding to your Amazon expedition.
Delighted to share the Amazon with guests, our naturalists are extremely adept at identifying the jungle's animal and plant life. Over 100 years ago, the National Geographic Society conducted expeditions to the Peruvian rain forest when huge swaths of the Amazon basin were still considered “unknown.” Lars-Eric Lindblad led the first “citizen explorers” expedition up the Amazon 40 years ago. The team composition A seasoned Lindblad expedition leader and an experienced team of Peruvian naturalists accompany this voyage. More specialties and personalitiesOne naturalist for every ten guests and a spectrum of specialties—biology, ornithology, ichthyology, and lepidoptery—ensures a daily diversity of interest and personalities for you. Contact the seller- opens in a new window or tab and request a shipping method to your location. You have read and agree to the Global Shipping Program terms and conditions - opens in a new window or tab. Import charges previously quoted are subject to change if you increase you maximum bid amount.
We need styles that are quick and easy to maintain without having to wake up at the break of dawn every morning to get it right. We are always more than happy to work with our customers to ensure their complete satisfaction with their purchases.
It may also be likened to a book of reproductions of works of art, in the sense that the illustrations, even with the accompanying commentary, cannot really do justice to the originals.

A knowledge of maps and their contents is not automatic - it has to be learned; and it is important for educated people to know about maps even though they may not be called upon to make them. Some maps are successful in their display of material but are scientifically barren, while in others an important message may be obscured because of the poverty of presentation.
Maps constitute a specialized graphic language, an instrument of communication that has influenced behavioral characteristics and the social life of humanity throughout history. Maps produced by contemporary primitive peoples have been likened to so-called prehistoric maps.
But the trans-local culture did not penetrate very deep The high culture owed this peculiar combination of wide expanse and superficiality to the nature of communications in the preindustrial world, in combination with scarcity and political factors.
Ancient a€?educated mena€? covered huge distances in both place and time to debate scientific questions about geography. In the modern world, the nature of communications allows original texts and graphics to be preserved, transmitted and accessed for extended periods of time. In earlier times these maps were considered to be ephemeral material, like newspapers and pamphlets, and large wall-maps received particularly careless treatment because they were difficult to store. When, in 1918, a mosaic floor was discovered in the ancient TransJordanian church of Madaba showing a map of Palestine, Syria and part of Egypt, a whole series of reproductions and treatises was published on the geography of Palestine at that time. Kretschner, 1892), Japan (P.Teleki, 1909), Madagascar (Gravier, 1896), Albania (Nopcsa, 1916), Spitzbergen (Wieder, 1919), the northwest of America (Wagner, 1937), and others. Indeed, much of its universal appeal is that the simpler types of map can be read and interpreted with only a little training.
Crone remarked that a€?a map can be considered from several aspects, as a scientific report, a historical document, a research tool, and an object of art.
It may also be viewed as an aspect of the history of human thought, so that while the study of the techniques that influence the medium of that thought is important, it also considers the social significance of cartographic innovation and the way maps have impinged on the many other facets of human history they touch.
It is reasonable to expect some evidence in this art of the societya€™s spatial consciousness. There is, for example, clear evidence in the prehistoric art of Europe that maps - permanent graphic images epitomizing the spatial distribution of objects and events - were being made as early as the Upper Paleolithic. In Mesopotamia the invention by the Sumerians of cuneiform writing in the fourth millennium B.C. In the former field, among other things, they attained a remarkably close approximation for a?s2, namely 1.414213. The courses of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers offered major routes to and from the north, and the northwest, and the Persian Gulf allowed contact by sea along the coasts of Arabia and east to India. Cuneiform texts provide several varieties of evidence for the ancient Mesopotamian efforts to express order by describing, delimiting, and measuring the heaven and earth of their experience, producing house, temple, plot, and field plans, city maps, and, with respect to the celestial landscape, diagrammatic depictions of stars.
The historiography of maps and cartography has emerged from criticisms similar in nature to those made against the modernist or presentist historiography of science, namely, that in reifying science or sciences such as cartography, false evolutionary histories are liable to be constructed. Concern for orientation is attested in a number of maps, but not always in the same way, although with a tendency toward an oblique orientation northwest to southeast. The cities of Nippur and Babylon had a religious and cosmological function as well as a political and economic one. It offers a selective account of the relationship of Babylon to other places, including those that were at the furthest reach of knowledge. Cognitive psychologists claim that we come into our physical world mentally equipped to perceive and describe space and spatial relationships.
Within this span of some three thousand years, the main achievements in Greek cartography took place from about the sixth century B.C. Stevenson, it is not easy to fix, with anything like a satisfactory measure of certainty, the beginning of globe construction; very naturally it was not until a spherical theory concerning the heavens and the earth had been accepted, and for this we are led back quite to Aristotle and beyond, back indeed to the Pythagoreans if not yet farther.
We are now learning that those centuries were not entirely barren of a certain interest in sciences other than theological. It has now been ascertained and demonstrated beyond doubt that the earliest ideas concerning the laws of the universe and the shape of the earth were, in many respects, more correct and clearer than those of a subsequent period.
Ragozin, says the Shumiro-Accads had formed a very elaborate and clever idea of what they supposed the world to be like; they imagined it to have the shape of an inverted round boat or bowl, the thickness of which would represent the mixture of land and water (ki-a) which we call the crust of the earth, while the hollow beneath this inhabitable crust was fancied as a bottomless pit or abyss (ge), in which dwelt many powers. The account of this conversation, which is too lengthy here to give in full, was written three centuries and a half before the Christian era. Of the familiaritie of Midas, the Phrigian, and Selenus, and of certaine circumstances which he incredibly reported.
This Selenus was the sonne of a nymphe inferiour to the gods in condition and degree, but superiour to men concerning mortalytie and death. The Chaldean conception, thus rudely described, shows a yet nearer approximation to the true doctrine concerning the form of the globe, when we bear in mind that this actually is in shape a flattened sphere, with the vertical diameter the shorter one. A curious example of the difficulties that early cartographers of the circumfluent ocean period had to contend with, and of the sans faA§on method of dealing with them, occurs in the celebrated Fra Mauro mappamundi (Book III, #249), which is one of the last in which the external ocean is still retained. The influence of the Ptolemaic astronomical and geographical system was very great, and lasted for over thirteen hundred years.
There are reasons to believe however, apart from the evidence we gather in the Poems, that these abyssal regions were supposed or believed to be situated around the North Pole. Homer, The Outward Geography Eastwards: a€?The outer geography eastwards, or wonderland, has for its exterior boundary the great river Okeanos, a noble conception, in everlasting flux and reflux, roundabout the territory given to living man. The Phoenician reports referred to came most likely therefore, not so much from the north, as from these regions which, tradition tells us (Fra Mauroa€™s mappamundi #249), were situated propinqua ale tenebre. These winds covered the arcs intervening between our four cardinal points of the compass, which points were not located exactly as with us; but the north leaning to the east, the east to the south, the south to the west and the west to the north (see Beatusa€™ Turin map, Book II, #207). The reason for this is plausible, for whereas the northern seaman regulated his navigation by the North Star, the Asiatic sailor turned to southern constellations for his guidance. This is all the more strange when we take into consideration that, in the light of his context, the fact is apparent and of great importance as coinciding with other European views concerning the location of the north on terrestrial globes and maps. The Chaldeans placed their heaven in the east or northeast; Homer placed his heaven in the south or southwest.
In this ocean we find also EA the Exalted Fish, but, deprived of his ancient grandeur and divinity, he is no doubt considered nothing more than a merman at the period when acquaintance is renewed with him on the SchA¶ner-Frankfort gores of Asiatic origin bearing the date 1515 (Book IV, #328). The divergence was probably owing in a great measure to the inability of representing graphically the perspective appearance of the globe on a plane; but may be also traceable to an erroneous interpretation of the original idea, caused by the reversion of the cardinal points of the compass. According to this division other continents south of the equator were supposed to exist and habited, some said, but not to be approached by those inhabiting the northern hemisphere on account of the presumed impossibility of traversing the equatorial regions, the heat of which was believed to be too intense. We shall see, when dealing with Ptolemy's map of the world, some of the results of this confusion.
Thomas, after the dispersion of the Apostles, preached the Gospel to the Parthians and Persians; then went to India, where he gave up his life for Jesus Christ. That he corroborates Homera€™s views as to the sphericity of the earth by describing Cratesa€™ terrestrial globe (Geographica; Book ii. That he accentuates Homera€™s views concerning the black races that lived some in the west (the African race) others in the east (the Australian race).
That he shows the four cardinal points of the compass to have been situated somewhat differently than with us, for he says (Book 1, c. That he appears to be perpetuating an ancient tradition when he supposes the existence of a vast continent or antichthonos in the southern hemisphere to counterbalance the weight of the northern continents. The relativeness of these positions appears to have been maintained on some mediaeval maps. To appreciate how this period laid the foundations for the developments of the ensuing Hellenistic Period, it is necessary to draw on a wide range of Greek writings containing references to maps. We have no original texts of Anaximander, Pythagoras, or Eratosthenes - all pillars of the development of Greek cartographic thought.
In contrast to many periods in the ancient and medieval world and despite the fragmentary artifacts, we are able to reconstruct throughout the Greek period, and indeed into the Roman, a continuum in cartographic thought and practice.
Indeed, one of the salient trends in the history of the Hellenistic Period of cartography was the growing tendency to relate theories and mathematical models to newly acquired facts about the world - especially those gathered in the course of Greek exploration or embodied in direct observations such as those recorded by Eratosthenes in his scientific measurement of the circumference of the earth. With respect to the latter, we can see how Greek cartography started to be influenced by a new infrastructure for learning that had a profound effect on the growth of formalized knowledge in general. Thus Alexandria became a clearing-house for cartographic and geographical knowledge; it was a center where this could be codified and evaluated and where, we may assume, new maps as well as texts could be produced in parallel with the growth of empirical knowledge. In his treatise On the Ocean, Pytheas relates his journey and provides geographical and astronomical information about the countries that he observed.
While we can assume a priori that such a linkage was crucial to the development of Hellenistic cartography, again there is no hard evidence, as in so many other aspects of its history, that allows us to reconstruct the technical processes and physical qualities of the maps themselves.
Its outstanding characteristic was the fruitful marriage of theoretical and empirical knowledge. Eratosthenes was apparently the first to accomplish this, and his map was the earliest scientific attempt to give the different parts of the world represented on a plane surface approximately their true proportions.
By so improving the mimesis or imitation of the world, founded on sound theoretical premises, they made other intellectual advances possible and helped to extend the Greek vision far beyond the Aegean. While there was a considerable blending and interdependence of Greek and Roman concepts and skills, the fundamental distinction between the often theoretical nature of the Greek contribution and the increasingly practical uses for maps devised by the Romans forms a familiar but satisfactory division for their respective cartographic influences. The profound difference between the Roman and the Greek mind is illustrated with peculiar clarity in their maps. Through both the Mathematical Syntaxis (a treatise on mathematics and astronomy in thirteen books, also called the Almagest and the Geography (in eight books), it can be said that Ptolemy tended to dominate both astronomy and geography, and hence their cartographic manifestations, for over fourteen centuries.
A modern analysis of Ptolemaic scholarship offers nothing to revise the long-held consensus that he is a key figure in the long term development of scientific mapping. In its most obvious aspect, the exaggerated size of Jerusalem on the Madaba mosaic map (# 121) was no doubt an attempt to make the Holy City not only dominant but also more accurately depicted in this difficult medium. The exciting, live Saturday night Denver Old West Auction will see over 300 lots of fine western art, artifacts and collectibles cross the block, including items from the personal collection of Clayton Moore, television's original Lone Ranger. National Geographic Greatest Photographs of the American West (National Geographic Books, October 2012) won for Outstanding Photography Book, and Bob Kuhn: Drawing on Instinct (University of Oklahoma Press, June 2012) won for Outstanding Art Book at the April 20 awards banquet at the National Cowboy Museum in Oklahoma City.
Journey back in time through the art and artifacts of the Americans and the Indians who built a legacy so powerful it still captivates the world today. Not your ordinary bidding and buying event, the High Noon Western Americana Auction is like none other in the world.
If American Indian puts a feather in your cap, then the extraordinary and historic works by North Plains, Sioux and Navajo, to mention just a few, won't leave you disappointed. The production, titled Hardin, is a screenplay written by Producers Larry Zeug and his wife, Linda Head. One must also marvel at his ability to capture the actual likeness of famous figures in history such as Will Rogers (proudly been displayed at the Will Rogers Memorial in Claremore, OK). Woolaroc is home to one of the most important collections of western art in the world including major works by William R.
Meek chose Doughty because he tells a story with each piece carved out of wood.A No limited edition bronzes or prints so each piece is truly one of a kind, taking a week up to a year to create. He has won literally hundreds of first place ribbons, carvers choice awards, and best of show awards in competitions throughout the United States and in 2011 Lynn was presented the Ron Ryan award, by the Dayton, Ohio Woodcarvers Guild as the woodcarver who best represents the ideals of his craft, and freely gives his time and talent to advance the art of woodcarving.A Lynn possesses the fire of artisans who keep the spirit of the west alive through woodcarving.
A life celebrated numerous times on the silver screen (played by actors including Telly Savalas and Antonio Banderas), in museums and institutions around the world and a name honored on street signs and plazas throughout the Americas. Given by Villa's widow and only legal wife (reportedly he had eight) to famed Hollywood director Howard Hawks during the filming of Viva Villa, she presented this glorious saddle to him as a gift as she felt the film truly extolled the Mexican Revolution and the man she knew - Villa himself.
Thematically it has a 3-dimensional silver snake head and a carved diablo in the leather under the grand saddlebags. His place in history is a paradox: a revolutionary idealist who believed firmly in public education, health and good government, and a vicious, mean-spirited, cruel revolutionary who would do anything to win. Preview for this event will be Thursday and Friday, January 26th and 27th or by private appointment prior to the sale.
This is a record price paid at auction for an historical photograph, and is a record for any single item at Lebel's event, now in its 22nd year. The winning bidder was Florida billionaire and collector, William Koch, who graciously granted interviews, posed for photos and even signed autographs after the sale.
Cottle's Wild West presentation Colt Double Action was equally sought after, realizing $26,450 in another contest between the phones and the floor. The stated mission of the NDOC organization is to contribute to the preservation of America's Cowboy heritage so that the history and culture which the United States Congress's National Day of the Cowboy resolution honors, can be shared and perpetuated for the public good, through education, the arts, celebrations, gatherings, rodeos, and community activities. The combination of these two events running side by side, will offer collectors and enthusiasts of Western fine art an unparalleled opportunity at one location over the course of one weekend.
Its inaugural exhibition was held at what was then the National Cowboy Hall of Fame in 1966.
They are master craftsmen who have elevated their work to an artistic level, and this year 17 members are expected to offer 50 works of functional art for exhibition and purchase. On October 15, attendees can look forward to an autograph party luncheon and educational activities during the daytime, followed by a marquee fixed-price sale that evening. The Museum will feature both exhibitions in online catalogs, and commemorative printed catalogs will be available for purchase.
In this segment, the work and craft of saddle maker John Willemsma of Guthrie (OK) will be featured. In episode two, spur maker Bill Heisman demonstrates the fundamentals of inlaying silver and Herb Mignery explains how ranch life inspires his work. With older, western names like Pendleton, Woolrich, and new names like Me & Arrow, BB Dakota and Jack, and West is Dead the word on the city street is DRESS WESTERN. This yeara€™s sale realized over $2.1 million on just 344 lots scoring the second highest per lot average in High Noona€™s 21 year history.
Expected to achieve $20,000 on the high side, this lot earned $37,950 after heated bidding from the floor and phones.
Acquired and personally worn by Borein, this ensemble (PHOTO 7) was estimated at $5,000 to $10,000 but sold for over twice its high estimate going for $21,850. It was Wild Horses, (PHOTO 8) a signed oil on board by Will James that would bring the highest price of the evening. Thousands of shoppers filled the Mesa Convention Center for two days to buy from over 150 of the countrya€™s finest dealers in Western Americana antiques and contemporary works. This pair of fabulous Star Spangled Banner Boots (Lot #3) by the Hyer Boot Company sold for $12,650, almost 4 times over their high estimate of $4,000. Lot #153 this Bohlin Taxin Model silver and gold parade saddle brought $63,250 surpassing its $40,000 to $60,000 estimate. This circa 1870 Blackfeet Tomahawk and Beaded Drop (Lot #135) was expected to achieve $20,000 on the high side but earned $37,950 after heated bidding from the floor and phones. Lot #138, a circa 1860 Plateau Pony Beaded Shirt sold for solidly within estimate for $74,750. This ornate Charro Jacket and Vest (Lot 196) accquired and personally worn by Edward Borein, was estimated at $5,000 to $10,000 but sold for over twice its high estimate going for $21,850. Wild Horses, (Lot #230) this signed oil on board by Will James brought the highest price of the evening.
The original vest, shirt and scarf (Lot #172) worn by John Wayne in the original 1969 Paramount production of True Grit sold for $21,850. Always a highlight on the Los Angeles social scene, this year's event was titled The Electric West Gala with electric guitar chandeliers adorning the walls and guests decked out in their rhinestone best! There they applauded as Merle Haggard accepted the Spirit of the West Award and bid on offerings including a one-of-a-kind Bohlin belt buckle designed specifically for the event by David Marold and a one-week vacation to a Scottish Castle. But now, after an extensive study by Clear Carbon, an independent agency specializing in carbon accounting and carbon management, antiques have now officially been determined as environmentally friendly. The carbon emissions associated with the creation of antique pieces was extremely low if non-existent. The largest Indian dance ceremonial in the southwest is held during this feast day honoring Saint Dominic, with more than 1,000 Santo Domingo Pueblo Indians performing their colorful corn dance. The dance was a procession, with members of the tribe ranging from toddlers, school-age children, adolescents, middle-aged members, including the elderly.
Her son makes sand cast pieces and some inlay work as well and I was lucky to own a few pieces made by him and acquired from him personally years ago. Everyone knew to go straight to the kitchen, eat and then get up to allow new guests to sit.
After eating, we enjoyed the shade and continued to observe the dancing and chanting until late in the afternoon until it was time to return home.
I was not sure of the exact reason but we were firmly advised not to do so by the tribal guides when we entered the grounds.
There is a calendar of events when each Pueblo is open to the public and when this fascinating event can be shared.
She returned on her day off with her grown son and daughter-in-law, who were mesmerized by the sale! They arrived by bus and stayed 8 hours, to return that evening in order to save money on hotels. Three generations of families were in those photos: we of the older generations who grew up without a remote control on our televisions, the 30-somethings who had seen the re-runs we insisted they watch, and the little ones whose eyes were aglow with the images of a man on a rearing horse and a loving couple. The auction was over, the sales room was packed up and carted away, the seeds to be shipped throughout the United States to all the new curators.
Through the powerful art and artifacts that remain today, join us as we trace the history from the more than 560 tribes that created the backbone of this land.
By sharing knowledge of who they were and promoting who they will become, the influence of the American Indian, historic to contemporary, will continue to thrive and grow even stronger. Sioux, Plateau, Kiowa, Cheyenne, Blackfoot and more will be represented at this important event. It's through this sharing that we can all grow in spirit, helping to pass their legacy onto our future generations. The auction, with no reserves, will include over 300 iconic lots from suits by Nudie the Tailor, saddles, personal photos, awards, the famous Nellybelle jeep from the 1950s TV Show, to arguably, the most famous horse of all time, Trigger.
Trigger also reached legendary status in his own right, and is undeniably one of the most memorable horses that ever lived.
Then came the application of hundreds of genuine collectible silver dollars, along with chrome-plated pistols, horseshoes, miniature horses and rifles. A two-time inductee into Nashville's Country Music Hall of Fame, Roy Rogers along with The Sons of the Pioneers had a syndicated radio show, and recorded 32 songs for Decca Records before going on to appear in over 100 films and star in the television hit The Roy Rogers Show. Embraced by fans all over the world, the museum was deeply personal and displayed family photos dating back to Roy and Dale's childhood. However, the recession has left most institutions struggling to maintain their staffs let alone expand their permanent collections. High Noon is the nation's definitive resource for information, historical perspectives and market valuations for all that encompasses this collecting genre. Christie's is a name and place that speaks of extraordinary art, unparalleled service and expertise, as well as international glamour. Highlights include the family dining table hand made by George Montgomery, Dale Evans' charm bracelet chronicling 40 years, legendary silver dollar and longhorn adorned Nudies of North Hollywood convertible Bonneville that Roy and Dale used in special appearances, the famous Nellybelle jeep from the 1950s TV Show and, arguably, the most famous horse of all time, Trigger. This year's Saturday night auction will include select items from the Roy Rogers & Dale Evans Museum Collection in addition to other fine Cowboy, Indian and Western art and artifacts.
The Old West Show now boasts approximately 200 dealers specializing in an impressive and eclectic collection of antiques, art, apparel, jewelry, furnishings, collectibles, firearms, custom gear, cowboy trappings, books, boots and more.
Additional artists of note include Charlie Russell, Maynard Dixon, Will James, Edward Borein, Howard Post, Joe De Yong, Ace Powell, Marjorie Reed and George Brandriff.
Historic and collectible firearms are represented by the Roy Rogers' collection, but also by an important Henry Rifle with history from Maine to Arizona Territory. Worth, TX a€” On April 10, 2010, the Cowtown Coliseum in Fort Worth will play host to the most celebrated female trick riders in the world.
Riley will be joined by the fabulous equestrian drill team Trish Lynn and the All American Cowgirl Chicks who will demonstrate the maneuvers that have made them world famous.
Each year, the Museum sponsors a three-day weekend womena€™s retreat they call Cowgirl University. It's this relationship that built the West and continues to be at the root of sustaining this heritage today. It's this 200 mile horse endurance race that will be the deciding factor in whether the family can save it's ranch, timber and honor or whether the government and big business prevail. It's an important story about how, even today, people and horses work together to fight to save their environment and their dreams. A Vietnam veteran, he went on to befriend many including Indians from various Trading Posts in New Mexico. What started as a tiny shop grew to an over 10,000 square foot mall and social center for Indian and Western Collectors.
The check was made payable for the wrong amount a€” almost twice the amount that was requested. The buyer greatly apologized for the error and said to just deposit the check and wire the overpayment back to them.
Had the bank not worked so closely with Denice on this, she may have deposited the check and, trustingly, returned the overpayment only to find out there was never any funds behind the fake check. None of us want to live always looking over our shoulders or suspecting the worst instead of the best. This paled in comparison to how the Internet then took us by storm and allowed us to expand our businesses and personal relationships via e-mail and websites. Members of these networks actively support each other, share questions and concern and ultimately, create a wonderful synergy for the world we live in.
We offer a variety of resources including our website, the Show & Auction, Smoke Signals, and now, Social Networking. In addition, you will find updates about the show and auction and links to pertinent articles and videos.
We hope that you will take advantage of all the new features, links and information that is now at your fingertips.
And the Lindblad-National Geographic alliance provides travelers with 150 years of collective expedition experience.
Most of the naturalists were born in towns along the riverbanks and educated in schools in Iquitos. Some of our expedition leaders are also Lindblad-National Geographic certified photo instructors, trained to help you with your camera and how to best capture images of the rain forest and its inhabitants.
If you reside in an EU member state besides UK, import VAT on this purchase is not recoverable. They have often served as memory banks for spatial data and as mnemonics in societies without the printed word and can speak across the barriers of ordinary language, constituting a common language used by men of different races and tongues to express the relationship of their society to a geographic environment.
Certain carvings on bone and petroglyphs have been identified as prehistoric route maps, although according to a strict definition, they might not qualify as a€?mapsa€?. In the present work, reconstruction of maps no longer extant are used in place of originals or assumed originals. They communicated in the same a€?learned languagea€?a€” Greek a€” and discussed a€?the same body of ideasa€?.
The pre-modern world, on the other hand, had only a series of copies to work with, made over the centuries on organic material. Only Senefeldera€™s invention of lithography in 1796, and the innovative use of it for the mass printing of graphics, including in color, In the century that followed, allowed maps to be printed and distributed in quantity. Since the maps were missing, he drew them himself from indications in the ancient text, and when the work was finished, he commemorated this too in verse. The map answered many hitherto insoluble or disputed questions, for example the question as to where the Virgin Mary met the mother of John Baptist.
A series of maps of a coastal region (for example, that of Holland or Friesland) or of river estuaries (the Po, Mississippi, Volga, or lower Yellow River) gives information on the rate of changes in outline and their causes.
Maps represent an excellent mirror of culture and civilizationa€?, but they are also more than a mere reflection: maps in their own right enter the historical process by means of reciprocally structured relationships. But when it comes to drawing up the balance sheet of evidence for prehistoric maps, we must admit that the evidence is tenuous and certainly inconclusive. The same evidence shows, too, that the quintessentially cartographic concept of representation in plan was already in use in that period. Our divisions into 60 and 360 for minutes, seconds and degrees are a direct inheritance from the Babylonians, who thought in these terms. Various orders of power are implicit in the expression of these aspects of order in the environment. Some originating point is identified, such as the origins of science in Greece, or of mapmaking in Babylonia, from which a continuous history may be written from a presentist perspective, a tale of a discipline's inexorable progress from its originating moment to the present. Ancient Near Eastern maps may not have invariably been meant as exact or direct replications of territory, but there can be little doubt that they distinctively reflect the conceptual terrain of their social community and culture at large. In the periods of their supremacy each was viewed as the center of the universe, as the meeting ground between heaven and the netherworld. The linguistic act of spatial description is perhaps a proto-mapmaking function of our very desire and attempt to place ourselves in relation to the physical world. The Pharaohs organized military campaigns, trade missions, and even purely geographical expeditions to explore various countries.
From earliest times much of the area covered by the annual Nile floods had, upon their retreat, to be re-surveyed in order to establish the exact boundaries of properties.
We find allusions to celestial globes in the days of Eudoxus and Archimedes, to terrestrial globes in the days of Crates and Hipparchus.
In Justiniana€™s day, or near it, one Leontius Mechanicus busied himself in Constantinople with globe construction, and we have left to us his brief descriptive reference to his work.
But above all these, higher in rank and greater in power, is the Spirit (Zi) of heaven (ana), ZI-ANA, or, as often, simply ANA--Heaven. On this map of the world the islands of the Malay Archipelago follow the shores of Asia from Malacca to Japan.
Even the Arabs, who, after the fall of the Roman Empire, developed the geographical knowledge of the world during the first period of the middle ages, adopted many of its errors. Volcanoes were supposed to be the entrances to the infernal regions, and towards the southeast the whole region beyond the river Okeanos of Homer, from Java to Sumbawa and the Sea of Banda, was sufficiently studded with mighty peaks to warrant the idea they may have originated. Many cartographers of the renascence, whose charts indeed we cannot read unless we reverse them, must have followed Asiatic cartographical methods, and this perhaps through copying local charts obtained in the countries visited by them.
Taprobana was the Greek corruption of the Tamravarna of Arabian, or even perhaps Phoenician, nomenclature; our modern Sumatra.
Geographical science was on the eve of reaching its apogee with the Greeks, were it was doomed to retrograde with the decline of the Roman Empire. John III, King of Portugal, ordered his remains to be sought for in a little ruined chapel that was over his tomb, outside Meliapur or Maliapor. In some cases the authors of these texts are not normally thought of in the context of geographic or cartographic science, but nevertheless they reflect a widespread and often critical interest in such questions. In particular, there are relatively few surviving artifacts in the form of graphic representations that may be considered maps.
Despite a continuing lack of surviving maps and original texts throughout the period - which continues to limit our understanding of the changing form and content of cartography - it can be shown that, by the perioda€™s end, a markedly different cartographic image of the inhabited world had emerged. Of particular importance for the history of the map was the growth of Alexandria as a major center of learning, far surpassing in this respect the Macedonian court at Pella.
Later geographers used the accounts of Alexandera€™s journeys extensively to make maps of Asia and to fill in the outline of the inhabited world. Not even the improved maps that resulted from these processes have survived, and the literary references to their existence (enabling a partial reconstruction of their content) can even in their entirety refer only to a tiny fraction of the number of maps once made and once in circulation.
It has been demonstrated beyond doubt that the geometric study of the sphere, as expressed in theorems and physical models, had important practical applications and that its principles underlay the development both of mathematical geography and of scientific cartography as applied to celestial and terrestrial phenomena. On his map, moreover, one could have distinguished the geometric shapes of the countries, and one could have used the map as a tool to estimate the distances between places.
To Rome, Hellenistic Greece left a seminal cartographic heritage - one that, in the first instance at least, was barely challenged in the intellectual centers of Roman society. Certainly the political expansion of Rome, whose domination was rapidly extending over the Mediterranean, did not lead to an eclipse of Greek influence. Such knowledge, relating to both terrestrial and celestial mapping, had been transmitted through a succession of well-defined master-pupil relationships, and the preservation of texts and three-dimensional models had been aided by the growth of libraries. The Romans were indifferent to mathematical geography, with its system of latitudes and longitudes, its astronomical measurements, and its problem of projections.
Yet Ptolemy, as much through the accidental survival and transmission of his texts when so many others perished as through his comprehensive approach to mapping, does nevertheless stride like a colossus over the cartographic knowledge of the later Greco-Roman world and the Renaissance.
Pilgrims from distant lands obviously needed itineraries like that starting at Bordeaux, giving fairly simple instructions. McNutt, together with collaborators Rich Clarkson of Denver and Susan Straight of National Geographic Books, organized the project, sponsored by the Mays Family Foundation, that produced the photography book winner. Steeped in history and the richness of the American West, this year's sale will be highlighted by the rare and historic SimA?n BolA­var Al Liberatador saddle which is being offered for $50,000 to $100,000.
Doughty developed a love for the Old West and the characters that inhabited that exciting era.A From Cowboys to Native Americans, miners to mountain men, camp cooks to chuck wagons, and horses to stagecoaches - all are inspirations to Lynn and can be found in painstaking detail in his award winning woodcarvings. Leigh, Frank Tenney Johnson, Joe Beeler, CM Russell and Frederic Remington, plus an impressive collection of Native American artifacts.

His attention to detail is has led to a devoted following of collectors in the United States and internationally. The National Museum of Wildlife Art is spearheading the unprecedented event along with nine of its associates in the Museums West consortium and the National Geographic Museum in Washington, D.C. What remains today of this complex and mysterious man, are the facts and folklore and his final magnificent silver threaded saddle -A  saddle that will captivate collectors and historians alike when it finally comes to public auction on Saturday, January 28, 2012 at the High Noon Western Americana auction in Mesa, Arizona. For the past 20 years, Villa's saddle has been on display at both the Witte Museum in San Antonio, TX and the South Texas History Museum in Edinburg, TX.
Senator, Craig Thomas, stating that July 23, 2005, should be recognized as "a day to celebrate the Cowboy as a symbol of the grand history of the American West. John will give insights and demonstrations into what goes into the elaborate carving and craft of today's finest saddles.
High Noon had designated this yeara€™s event a celebration of the America Indian bringing to the block one of the most significant collection of American Indian offerings to ever come to High Noon.
The tone of the excitement for the evening was set early on when Lot #3, a pair of fabulous Star Spangled Banner Boots (PHOTO 1) by the Hyer Boot Company sold for $12,650, almost 4 times over their high estimate of $4,000. Immediately following, Lot #136, a Sioux Pictorial Beaded Vest sold for $14,950 against its estimate of $7,000 to $9,000 and Lot #138, a circa 1860 Plateau Pony Beaded Shirt (PHOTO 6) sold for solidly within estimate for $74,750. Bidding on this work opened at $50,000 and quickly escalated into a bidding war driving the final sale price to $149,500, nearly tripling the artista€™s previous auction record. Well, that question might not have been answered but it was great fun watching the crowd bid furiously on the original vest, shirt and scarf (PHOTO 9) worn by John Wayne in the original 1969 Paramount production of True Grit. Across the board, vendors at the show reported strong sales on both mid to high priced items.
Bidding on this work opened at $50,000 and quickly escalated to the final sale price to $149,500. Across the board, antiques were found to have a lower carbon footprint than newly manufactured items with antique furniture topping that list with a carbon footprint 16 times lower than new.
This wonderful event is open to the non-native public and I was a fortunate observer that day in August. With no preconceived notions about what I might see or experience, my girlfriend and I started out early to avoid the heat of the day, enjoying the coolness and mist in the air. The pieces crafted by these family members are shown throughout the country at such museums as the Autry National Center in Los Angeles, the Heard Museum in Phoenix and the many museums in Santa Fe. The gathering around the table was eclectic: gringos like me, a man from his Colorado ranch who comes in every year, two ladies from Santa Fe who turned out to be my neighbors, many relatives of the family, as well as visitors from other pueblos.
With each piece goes a shard of the legacy that will be handed down both publicly and privately, to all those who sing Happy Trails in their heads when they do a good turn for their neighbor and hold their families close. This historic sale will pay tribute to Roy Rogers and Dale Evans who will always remain renowned for their wholesome and caring treatment of their family, friends, and fans. It also included colorful costumes, parade saddles, memorabilia from the silver screen and television, artifacts from Roy's real-life safari adventures, tributes to his friends and sidekicks, pictures from the early days of The Sons of the Pioneers, and an assortment of artifacts meaningful to Roy and Dale.
From fine art to Native American works to saddles to Western Hollywood memorabilia, High Noon is your window into this celebrated world. Founded in 1766 by James Christie, Christie's conducted the greatest auctions of the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries, and today remains a popular showcase for the unique and the beautiful. The Show runs Friday through Sunday and features Western dealers, artists and craftsmen selling their best antique and contemporary merchandise. The event, entitled Not Just One Trick Pony is being produced by the Cowgirl University wing of the National Cowgirl Museum to celebrate these dynamic and daring women who still practice the dying art of trick riding. Learning to ride before she could walk, Mitzi made her debut at six, filling in for her injured mother in a trick-riding act. A tire on his camper had blown and he was out on the highway clearing the debris from the road. It was such a big deal for him, that he wouldn't make any decisions, even about the paper color, without input from his friend, Bud.
The more savvy we are to the methods being used to defraud merchants, the safer everyone will be. And now, the definitive next phase in marketing and networking has taken the world by storm - social networking, the phrase we all hear over and over again.
Each has worked with foreign research teams or at eco-friendly rain forest lodges before joining the Lindblad team. This implies that throughout history maps have been more than just the sum of technical processes or the craftsmanship in their production and more than just a static image of their content frozen in time.
The reconstructions of such maps appear in the correct chronology of the originals, irrespective of the date of the reconstruction. Their debate a€?did not penetrate very deepa€? within the culture, which is why one should draw a sharp distinction between descriptive geography, with its wide application, and mathematical or scientific geography, for which no such application was envisaged or achieved.
The process was almost manageable for texts, multiple copies of which could be created by copyist teams working fro dictation. After the fall of Byzantium in 1453, its conqueror, the Turkish Sultan Mohammed II, found in the library that he inherited from the Byzantine rulers a manuscript of Ptolemya€™s Geographia, which lacked the world-map, and he commissioned Georgios Aminutzes, a philosopher in his entourage, to draw up a world map based on Ptolemya€™s text.
Comparison of travelersa€™ maps from various periods show the development and change of routes or road-building and allows us to draw conclusions of every kind about the development or decay of farms, villages and towns.
They were artistic treasure-houses, being often decorated with fine miniatures portraying life and customs in distant lands, various types of ships, coats-of-arms, portraits of rulers, and so on. The development of the map, whether it occurred in one place or at a number of independent hearths, was clearly a conceptual advance - an important increment to the technology of the intellect - that in some respects may be compared to the emergence of literacy or numeracy. The historian of cartography, looking for maps in the art of prehistoric Europe and its adjacent regions, is in exactly the same position as any other scholar seeking to interpret the content, functions, and meanings of that art. Moreover, there is sufficient evidence for the use of cartographic signs from at least the post-Paleolithic period. They are impressed on small clay tablets like those generally used by the Babylonians for cuneiform inscriptions of documents, a medium which must have limited the cartographera€™s scope. Administrative and economic powers support, or even require, the making of maps, as well as determining overtly the topographies that maps depict. Critical cartographic history, however, has laid aside such ideas, and we no longer look to (in the words of Denis Wood), a€?a hero saga involving such men as Eratosthenes, Ptolemy, Mercator, and the Cassinis, that tracked cartographic progress from humble origins in Mesopotamia to the putative accomplishments of the Greeks and Romansa€?. The maps of buildings and fields focus on the urban and agricultural environment, matters of critical importance to whatever political and economic powers prevailed. The map of the principal temple in Babylon, E-sagil, which was the earthly abode of the national deity Marduk, represents the terrestrial counterpart to the celestial residence of the great god Enlil, designed, figuratively speaking, on the blueprint of the cosmic subterranean sweet watery region of the Apsu. By extension, we should not doubt that mapmaking too, in all its historical subjectivity, is a universal feature of human culture. The survey was carried out, mostly in squares, by professional surveyors with knotted ropes. We find that the Greek geographer Strabo gives us quite a definite word concerning their value and their construction, and that Ptolemy is so definite in his references to them as to lead to a belief that globes were by no means uncommon instruments in his day, and that they were regarded of much value in the study of geography and astronomy, particularly of the latter science.
With stress laid, during the many centuries succeeding, upon matters pertaining to the religious life, there naturally was less concern than there had been in the humanistic days of classical antiquity as to whether the earth is spherical in form, or flat like a circular disc, nor was it thought to matter much as to the form of the heavens.
Hyde Clarke has more than once pointed out in The Legend of the Atlantis of Plato, Royal Historical Society 1886, etc., that Australia must have been known in the most remote antiquity of the early history of civilization, at a time when the intercourse with America was still maintained. Between the lower heaven and the surface of the earth is the atmospheric region, the realm of IM or MERMER, the Wind, where he drives the clouds, rouses the storms, and whence he pours down the rain, which is stored in the great reservoir of Ana, in the heavenly ocean. Then in a northeasterly direction Homera€™s great river Okeanos would flow along the shores of the Sandwich group, where the volcanic peak of Mt.
Aristotlea€™s writings, for example, provide a summary of the theoretical knowledge that underlay the construction of world maps by the end of the Greek Classical Period. Our cartographic knowledge must, therefore, be gleaned largely from literary descriptions, often couched in poetic language and difficult to interpret. The ambition of Eratosthenes to draw a general map of the oikumene based on new discoveries was also partly inspired by Alexandera€™s exploration.
In this case too, the generalizations drawn herein by various authorities (ancient and modern scholars, historians, geographers, and cartographers) are founded upon the chance survival of references made to maps by individual authors.
Yet this evidence should not be interpreted to suggest that the Greek contribution to cartography in the early Roman world was merely a passive recital of the substance of earlier advances. If land survey did play such an important part, then these plans, being based on centuriation requirements and therefore square or rectangular, may have influenced the shape of smaller-scale maps. This is perhaps more remarkable in that his work was primarily instructional and theoretical, and it remains debatable if he bequeathed a set of images that could be automatically copied by an uninterrupted succession of manuscript illuminators. Of equally impressive note, Bohlin and Keyston collectors will vie for parade saddles smothered in silver, which are being offered in the $80,000 to $125,000 range. The exhibition will be on display at the National Museum of Wildlife Art in Jackson Hole from October 27, 2012, through April 28, 2013. Historic, romantic, important - this final artifact of his life is estimated to bring $150,000 to $250,000. His legend is a mosaic of folklore and fact, including stories of his treasures said to be buried somewhere in the Mexican desert. Other notable pieces include the Ed Borein watercolor, California Vaquero which brought $138,000, a record auction price for a Borein watercolor.
Prices realized on this collection validated the fact that the culture, spirit and art of these nations is deeply woven and valued by collectors worldwide.
It happened again just a few lots later when Lot #11, turn of the century salesman sample windmill by the Woodmanse Mfg. A charming Kiowa Beaded Model Cradle, (Lot #273) circa 1880, achieved $18,400, well over its high estimate of $12,000. It was raining lightly when we arrived at the pueblo and I already had a sense of excitement. Thankfully, the groups change off during the day, as I could not imagine dancing for the entire day in that heat, but they continued as if the weather and heat were not an issue.
I asked her to write a story of her day and I would print it in our eMagazine Smoke Signals. Trigger and Bullet will live at RFD-TV station in Omaha, with programming centered around ranch and country life. Among the most popular exhibits were Roy's trusty horse Trigger, his loyal dog Bullet, and Dale's buckskin horse, Buttermilk*, all previously displayed for fans in the Branson Museum. Christie's offers over 450 sales annually in over 80 categories, including all areas of fine and decorative arts, jewelry, photographs, collectibles, wine, and more.
A daring rider, she routinely turned down offers from Hollywood, while performing in rodeos coast to coast for twenty years.
They saw an opportunity and struck a deal with May Department Stores to be their primary supplier to stores across the county. Mike Graham described Ron as the Guru or Hub of the Cowboy and Indian trading community here. What was unusual, that the bank officer immediately noticed, was that the check, which required two signatures, only had one. From the mega-corps like IBM to the small, locally owned neighborhood restaurant, the social networking sites have become the new and powerful window to the world. On each page, take a minute to enjoy the ever changing photos of our High Noon family and events a€“ you might even see yourself! All are fluent in English, and their personal knowledge, gained from village elders, along with their scientific training makes for a fascinating narrative, as authentic as it is well informed. He designed a new curriculum for the largest university in Ecuador, the Central University— a masters in environmental management and administration of natural protected areas. We provide the Best Packaging, free Delivery Confirmation, while using the fastest method's to see your shopping needs.
Indeed, any history of maps is compounded by a complex series of interactions, involving their intent, their use and their purpose, as well as the process of their making. All reconstructions are, to a greater or lesser degree, the product of the compiler and the technology of his times.
The reasons for this divide include the limited quantity of scientific geographic scholarship, the nature of communications and scarcity, and political factors. But it was not feasible for graphics, the copying of which inevitably led to increasing distortion.
Any assumption that maps were widely available in the preindustrial world thus derives from anachronistic thinking based on later developments. There is no evidence for the use of such forms of representation in ancient maps, and this book deliberately presents no such reconstructions.
He knew it would be out of date, but that is precisely what he wanted - an ancient map; to perpetuate it, he also had a carpet woven from the drawing.
Inferences have to be made about states of mind separated from the present not only by millennia but also - where ethnography is called into service to help illuminate the prehistoric evidence - by the geographical distance and different cultural contexts of other continents. Two of the basic map styles of the historical period, the picture map (perspective view) and the plan (ichnographic view), also have their prehistoric counterparts. The interest of the cuneiform maps lies in their rich articulation of such a feature, uniquely shaped by the particular social norms and forces that emerged and changed within ancient Mesopotamian history. However, the measurement of circular and triangular plots was envisaged: advice on this, and plans, are given in the Rhind Mathematical Papyrus of ca. From Ptolemaic Egypt there is a rough rectangular plan of surveyed land accompanying the text of the Lille Papyrus I, now in Paris; also two from the estate of Apollonius, minister of Ptolemy II. There is, however, but one example known, which has come down to us from that ancient day, this a celestial globe, briefly described as the Farnese globe. Yet there was no century, not even in those ages we happily are learning to call no longer a€?darka€?, that geography and astronomy were not studied and taught, and globes celestial as well as armillary spheres, if not terrestrial globes, were constructed. Here however he makes his hero confess that he is wholly out of his bearings, and cannot well say where the sun is to set or to rise (Od. Although these views were continued and developed to a certain extent by their successors, Strabo and Ptolemy, through the Roman period, and more or less entertained during the Middle Ages, they became obscured as time rolled on.
The bones of the holy apostle were found, with some relics that were placed in a rich vase.
Again, if we consider the Atlantic and North Pacific Oceans as devoid of the American Continent, and the Atlantic Ocean as stretching to the shores of Asia, as Strabo did, the parallel of Iberia (Spain) would have taken Columbusa€™ ships to the north of Japan--i.e. At the time when Alexander the Great set off to conquer and explore Asia and when Pytheas of Massalia was exploring northern Europe, therefore, the sum of geographic and cartographic knowledge in the Greek world was already considerable and was demonstrated in a variety of graphic and three-dimensional representations of the heavens and the earth. In addition, many other ancient texts alluding to maps are further distorted by being written centuries after the period they record; they too must be viewed with caution because they are similarly interpretative as well as descriptive. Eudoxus had already formulated the geocentric hypothesis in mathematical models; and he had also translated his concepts into celestial globes that may be regarded as anticipating the sphairopoiia [mechanical spheres]. And it was at Alexandria that this Ptolemy, son of Ptolemy I Soter, a companion of Alexander, had founded the library, soon to become famous through the Mediterranean world. It seems, though, that having left Massalia, Pytheas put into Gades [Cadiz], then followed the coasts of Iberia [Spain] and France to Brittany, crossing to Cornwall and sailing north along the west coast of England and Scotland to the Orkney Islands.
On the contrary, a principal characteristic of the new age was the extent to which it was openly critical of earlier attempts at mapping. Disregarding the elaborate projections of the Greeks, they reverted to the old disk map of the Ionian geographers as being better adapted to their purposes. This shape was also one which suited the Roman habit of placing a large map on a wall of a temple or colonnade.
90-168), Greek and Roman influences in cartography had been fused to a considerable extent into one tradition.
The Almagest, although translated into Latin by Gerard of Cremona in the 12th century, appears to have had little direct influence on the development of cartography. Ptolemya€™s principal legacy was thus to cartographic method, and both the Almagest and the Geography may be regarded as among the most influential works in cartographic history.
A Colt Single Action with provenance to the Johnson County War brought $46,000 in a heated bidding contest. Tim Cox, president of the Cowboy Artists of America, said, "The Cowboy Artists of America are tremendously excited about the association with the National Cowboy Museum. I imagine the no-photo policy might also have been to protect their cultural privacy or to avoid the commercialization of their images.
I cannot imagine a more beautiful way to start off the new year, and cannot express how honored I was to celebrate this rich and beautiful day in the inner sanctum of the Indian culture. Possibly every person in the room sang off-tune but together, it created a magnificent melody. Children from all walks of life and zip codes will be exposed like they have never been before. Dusty and Dustin and their band The High Riders will be playing both Roy's and their own music.
Retired from rodeo, Mitzi served on the board of the Rodeo Historical Society, establishing the Tad Lucas Award to recognize outstanding women in rodeo. It was dark and an oncoming vehicle did not see him in the road and he was struck and killed instantly. At one point, they had over 250 Indian jewelers making Squash Blossoms to fill their orders. They have created virtual communities and connected people worldwide with like interests and goals. Carlos has also taken part in various scientific projects and expeditions with the Biological Sciences Department of Quito’s Polytechnic University. Therefore, reconstructions are used here only to illustrate the general geographic concepts of the period in which the lost original map was made. All this is also evident in the history of cartography (a modern term created via a combination of Greek chartes, a€?charta€™, and graphein, a€?writea€™ or a€?drawa€™), that is, the study of maps as a special form of communicating geographic knowledge. Copies of copies of copies must generally have been very different from the vanished original, hence the scarcity of scholarly, illustrations transmitted from the ancient world. There is even a temptation to go beyond reconstructions and invent a€” that is, falsify a€” maps from the ancient world. It was said that as the Archangel Gabriel appeared to Zacharias in the holy of holies, Zacharias must have been High Priest and have lived in Jerusalem; John the Baptist would then have been born in Jerusalem. I have not been able to find any such evidence or artifacts of map making that originated in the South America or Australia.
This is described in an inscription in the Temple of Der-el-Bahri where the ship used for this journey is delineated, but there is no map. It is of marble, and is thought by some to date from the time of Eudoxus, that is, three hundred years before the Christian era. The Venerable Bede, Pope Sylvester I, the Emperor Frederick II, and King Alfonso of Castile, not to name many others of perhaps lesser significance, displayed an interest in globes and making.
See the sketch below of an inverted Chaldean boat transformed into a terrestrial globe, which will give an idea of the possible appearance of early globes. Indeed, wherever we look round the margin of the circumfluent ocean for an appropriate entrance to Hades and Tartaros, we find it, whether in Japan, Iceland, the Azores, or Cape Verde Islands. Terrestrial maps and celestial globes were widely used as instruments of teaching and research.
Despite what may appear to be reasonable continuity of some aspects of cartographic thought and practice, in this particular era scholars must extrapolate over large gaps to arrive at their conclusions.
By the beginning of the Hellenistic Period there had been developed not only the various celestial globes, but also systems of concentric spheres, together with maps of the inhabited world that fostered a scientific curiosity about fundamental cartographic questions. The library not only accumulated the greatest collection of books available anywhere in the Hellenistic Period but, together with the museum, likewise founded by Ptolemy II, also constituted a meeting place for the scholars of three continents. From there, some authors believe, he made an Arctic voyage to Thule [probably Iceland] after which he penetrated the Baltic.
Intellectual life moved to more energetic centers such as Pergamum, Rhodes, and above all Rome, but this promoted the diffusion and development of Greek knowledge about maps rather than its extinction.
The main texts, whether surviving or whether lost and known only through later writers, were strongly revisionist in their line of argument, so that the historian of cartography has to isolate the substantial challenge to earlier theories and frequently their reformulation of new maps.
There is a case, accordingly, for treating them as a history of one already unified stream of thought and practice.
With translation of the text of the Geography into Latin in the early 15th century, however, the influence of Ptolemy was to structure European cartography directly for over a century.
It would be wrong to over emphasize, as so much of the topographical literature has tended to do, a catalog of Ptolemya€™s a€?errorsa€?: what is vital for the cartographic historian is that his texts were the carriers of the idea of celestial and terrestrial mapping long after the factual content of the coordinates had been made obsolete through new discoveries and exploration. Similarly, in the towns, although only the Forma Urbis Romae is known to us in detail, large-scale maps were recognized as practical tools recording the lines of public utilities such as aqueducts, displaying the size and shape of imperial and religious buildings, and indicating the layout of streets and private property. Lot #153, a Bohlin Taxin Model silver and gold parade saddle (PHOTO 4) brought $63,250 surpassing its $40,000 to $60,000 estimate.
The females, too, all wore the same clothing, which they, too, adorned with exquisite personal jewelry. RFD-TV is talking about taking Trigger on the road, to rodeos and gatherings, for all to enjoy.
Christie's has 53 offices in 32 countries and 10 salesrooms around the world including in London, New York, Paris, Geneva, Milan, Amsterdam, Dubai and Hong Kong.
They bought a private plane and would fly from city to city delivering and showing the jewelry at May Stores from Denver to Washington D C.
He has published several scientific papers, including one about the bats of Galápagos and one about the vampire bat of mainland Ecuador. No one person or area of study is capable of embracing the whole field; and cartographers, like workers in other activities, have become more and more specialized with the advantages and disadvantages which this inevitably brings. Nevertheless, reconstructions of maps which are known to have existed, and which have been made a long time after the missing originals, can be of great interest and utility to scholars.
Maps are generally two-dimensional representations, often to scale, of portions of the earth's surface. Every generation or so, a new a€?discoverya€™ of such a map is announced, only to be exposed as either a hoax designed to embarrass an individual scholar or scholars in general, or an attempt to make money from an unsuspecting public.
The fact that King Sargon of Akkad was making military expeditions westwards from about 2,330 B.C. It has been shown how these could have appealed to the imagination not only of an educated minority, for whom they sometimes became the subject of careful scholarly commentary, but also of a wider Greek public that was already learning to think about the world in a physical and social sense through the medium of maps. The relative smallness of the inhabited world, for example, later to be proved by Eratosthenes, had already been dimly envisaged.
The confirmation of the sources of tin (in the ancient Cassiterides or Tin Islands) and amber (in the Baltic) was of primary interest to him, together with new trade routes for these commodities. Indeed, we can see how the conditions of Roman expansion positively favored the growth and applications of cartography in both a theoretical and a practical sense. The context shows that he must be talking about a map, since he makes the philosopher among his group start with Eratosthenesa€™ division of the world into North and South. Here, however, though such a unity existed, the discussion is focused primarily on the cartographic contributions of Ptolemy, writing in Greek within the institutions of Roman society.
In the history of the transmission of cartographic ideas it is indeed his work, straddling the European Middle Ages, that provides the strongest link in the chain between the knowledge of mapping in the ancient and early modem worlds.
Finally, the interpretation of modem scholars has progressively come down on the side of the opinion that Ptolemy or a contemporary probably did make at least some of the maps so clearly specified in his texts. Some types of Roman maps had come to possess standard formats as well as regular scales and established conventions for depicting ground detail.
So attached to this article is a photo I retrieved from the internet and I want to be clear that their trust was not broken.
Pam Weidel, a world renowned breeder of Arabian race horses and endurance horses from New Jersey, went home with Nellybelle. More recently, Christie's has led the market with expanded initiatives in emerging and new markets such as Russia, China, India and the United Arab Emirates, with successful sales and exhibitions in Beijing, Mumbai and Dubai. Since then, we've connected with antiquers around the world who are part of this on-line organization. The possibilities include those for which specific information is available to the compiler and those that are described or merely referred to in the literature. Some saw in the a€?hill countrya€™ Hebron, a place that had for a long time been a leading Levitical city, while others held that Juda was the Levitical city concerned.
The whole northern region, of sea as he supposed it, from west to east, was known to him only by Phoenician reports. If a literal interpretation was followed, the cartographic image of the inhabited world, like that of the universe as a whole, was often misleading; it could create confusion or it could help establish and perpetuate false ideas. It had been the subject of comment by Plato, while Aristotle had quoted a figure for the circumference of the earth from a€?the mathematiciansa€? at 400,000 stades; he does not explain how he arrived at this figure, which may have been Eudoxusa€™ estimate. It would appear from what is known about Pytheasa€™ journeys and interests that he may have undertaken his voyage to the northern seas partly in order to verify what geometry (or experiments with three dimensional models) have taught him.
Not only had the known world been extended considerably through the Roman conquests - so that new empirical knowledge had to be adjusted to existing theories and maps - but Roman society offered a new educational market for the cartographic knowledge codified by the Greeks.
Ptolemy owed much to Roman sources of information and to the extension of geographical knowledge under this growing empire: yet he represents a culmination as well as a final synthesis of the scientific tradition in Greek cartography that has been highlighted in this introduction. Yet it is perhaps in the importance accorded the map as a permanent record of ownership or rights over property, whether held by the state or by individuals, that Roman large-scale mapping most clearly anticipated the modern world. Upon hearing the news, long time friend Bud Callahan went to the scene where Sheila was found sad, but safe. This is just a small sample of how powerful these sites can be in maintaining and growing your businesses. She is also a very knowledgeable naturalist, an avid birdwatcher, a butterfly enthusiast, and has a good familiarity with plants of both the rain forest and the desert.
Viewed in its development through time, the map is a sensitive indicator of the changing thought of man, and few of these works seem to reflect such an excellent mirror of culture and civilization. Of a different order, but also of interest, are those maps made in comparatively recent times that are designed to illustrate the geographical ideas of a particular person or group in the past but are suggested by no known maps. Many solutions to this problem were put forward, but it was solved once and for all by the Madaba map, which showed, between Jerusalem and Hebron, a place called Beth Zachari: the house of Zacharias.
The paucity of evidence of clearly defined representations of constellations in rock art, which should be easily recognized, seems strange in view of the association of celestial features with religious or cosmological beliefs, though it is understandable if stars were used only for practical matters such as navigation or as the agricultural calendar. Later we encounter itineraries, referring either to military or to trading expeditions and provide an indication of the extent of Babylonian geographical knowledge at an early date.
The celestial globe had reinforced the belief in a spherical and finite universe such as Aristotle had described; the drawing of a circular horizon, however, from a point of observation, might have perpetuated the idea that the inhabited world was circular, as might also the drawing of a sphere on a flat surface. Aristotle also believed that only the ocean prevented a passage around the world westward from the Straits of Gibraltar to India.
The result was that his observations served not merely to extend geographical knowledge about the places he had visited, but also to lay the foundation for the scientific use of parallels of latitude in the compilation of maps.
Many influential Romans both in the Republic and in the early Empire, from emperors downward, were enthusiastic Philhellenes and were patrons of Greek philosophers and scholars. In this respect, Rome had provided a model for the use of maps that was not to be fully exploited in many parts of the world until the 18th and 19th centuries.
Additionally, Kitty is an experienced scuba diver and snorkeler and enjoys exploring the underwater world with expedition participants. The maps of early man, which pre-date other forms of written communication, were attempts to depict earth distributions graphically in order to better visualize them; like those of primitive peoples, the earliest maps served specific functional or practical needs. Excavations on this site revealed the foundations of a little church, with a fragment of a mosaic that contained the name a€?Zachariasa€?.
What is certainly different is the place and prominence of maps in prehistoric times as compared with historical times, an aspect associated with much wider issues of the social organization, values, and philosophies of two very different types of cultures, the oral and the literate. They do not go so far as to record distances, but they do mention the number of nights spent at each place, and sometimes include notes or drawings of localities passed through. Another of a land, also in the north, where a man, who could dispense with sleep, might earn double wages, as there was hardly any night. There was, however, evidently no consensus between cartographic theorists, and there seems in particular to have been a gap between the acceptance of the most advanced scientific theories and their translation into map form. Maps were also frequently used purely for decoration; they furnished designs for Gobelins tapestries, were engraved on goblets of gold and silver, tables, and jewel-caskets, and used in frescoes, mosaics, etc. As in Greek and Roman inscriptions, some documents record the boundaries of countries or cities. He probably had the first account from some sailor who had visited the northern latitudes in summer; and the second from one who had done the like in winter.
With a marine biology background, he started as a naturalist in the Galápagos Islands in 1994. It was not until the 18th century, however, that maps were gradually stripped of their artistic decoration and transformed into plain, specialist sources of information based upon measurement.
Since then, he has filled numerous roles with Lindblad-National Geographic, such as naturalist, undersea specialist and expedition leader in the Galápagos Islands, Costa Rica and Panama, and Baja California.
After that, wanting to share her knowledge and love of natural areas with others, she moved into the realm of education.

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