Mount Ararat in Judeo-Christian tradition is associated with the "Mountains of Ararat" where according to the book of Genesis, Noah's ark came to rest. The Bible does not refer to any specific mountain or peak, but rather a mountain range, "the mountains of Ararat". According to the medieval Armenian historian Moses of Khoren in his History of Armenia, the plain of Ayrarat (directly north of the mountain) got its name after King Ara the Handsome (the great grandson of Amasya). AAYrA± is also a province in the Eastern Anatolian Region of Turkey, which named from mountain at 1949. Mount Ararat may be the largest single-mass or volume mountain in the world as it is huge (one really has to see it in person to appreciate its immensity) and rises to 17,000 feet from the plains surrounding it at 2,000-3,000 feet while most other large mountains are in a mountain range with less differential and base circumference.
Ararat is a stratovolcano, formed of lava flows and pyroclastic ejecta, with no volcanic crater. A smaller 3,896 m (12,782 ft) cone, Little Ararat, rises from the same base, southeast of the main peak. The formation of Ararat is hard to retrieve geologically, but the type of volcanism and the position of the volcano raise the idea that seduction relation volcanism occurred when the Tethys Ocean closed during the Neogene, as recently occurred along the borders of the Eurasian, African and Arabian plates from Cabo de Gata to the Caucasus.
Ararat has only a few native trees growing on it in Ahora village, shrubs around Korhan, and several small forests on Little Ararat. From 14,000 feet to 17,000 feet, much of the lava is covered by an ice cap, which is about 17 square miles in size and is up to 350 feet deep. Not known when the last eruption of Ararat occurred there are no historic or recent observations of large-scale activity recorded. The large earthquake shook Ararat in July 1840, the effects of which were largest in the neighborhood of the Ahora Gorge (a northeast trending chasm that drops 1,825 meters (5,988 ft) from the top of the mountain).
The climb is long, but there is an easy route from the south in late summer for climbers who are familiar with the use of axe and crampons. The earliest obvious historical reference to the geography surrounding Noah's Ark landing on Mount Ararat is by the early church historian Philostorgius's account around A.D. Learn more about the Earth's dramatic landforms, from the tops of majestic mountains to the depths of mysterious caves and everything in between. Salty spring-fed lakes, towering sand dunes, and the ghosts of an ancient walled city lie at the heart of China's remote Alashan Plateau in the Gobi.
National Geographic explores how we can feed the growing population without overwhelming the planet in our food series. Volunteers risk their lives to vaccinate children in Islamic State-controlled territory in Syria. The Southern live oak or simply "Live Oak" (Quercus virginiana) is an evergreen (or nearly so) oak tree native to the southeastern United States. Most of the wood is situated in these branches, as opposed to the conifer trees mentioned earlier, where most of the wood is in the (tall) trunk. The largest measured Southern Live Oak, named the "Middleton Oak", grows in Middleton, South Carolina.
For comparison: according to the Dutch Oak specialist Jeroen Philippona, the largest (volumewise) European tree is an English Oak (Quercus robur) in Ivenack, Germany[4] and has an estimated wood volume of about 140 m?. However, beginning 2008, the tree lost a large part of its crown, heavily reducing its total wood volume[5].
Near the Middleton Oak, on another plantation in the vicinity of Charleston, South Carolina, another famous Live Oak can be visited, the Angel Oak. While the first might be true for a single, not resprouting tree, the second is almost certain an exaggeration. Age estimations for this tree are not scientifically substantiated, but a comparison with live oak trees for which the growth rings were counted and a comparison with proven ages for deciduous oak trees in temporate climates (where trees grow slower) makes an age of less than 600 years more likely. The Angel Oak is standing 20 m (65 ft) tall, with a girth of about 7.7 m (28 ft) in diameter, and the crown covers an area of 1,580 m? (17,000 square feet). The oak derives its name from the Angel estate, although local folklore told of stories of ghosts of former slaves would appear as angels around the tree[7]. Oak Alley Plantation is a remarkable historic plantation located in the little town of Vacherie, Louisiana and is protected as a National Historic Landmark. As you might expect, it is named after its distinguishing feature, an alley of a double row of 28 live oaks, 14 on each side, of about 240 m long, forming a fabulous gateway to the Mississippi river. The remarkable view from the balcony of the house offers a magnificent view of the Live Oaks of Oak Alley. Nowadays Oak Alley is open for the public and can be rent for garden parties, weddings, and the like. It embodies the lifestyle of the antebellum South's wealthiest planters in a way very few other surviving properties can: as opposed to most other plantations like Oak Alley Plantation, featured above, this plantation did not fall into disrepair and almost all the furniture, documents, and other equipment are original. I can recommend the guided tour through the mansion, which has indeed an intact and historic feel. It has two peaks, Greater Ararat (the tallest peak in Turkey with an elevation of 5,137 m (16,854 ft)) and Lesser Ararat (with an elevation of 3,896 m (12,782 ft)).

Mount Ararata€™s summit is located some 16 km (10 mi) west of the Iranian and 32 km (20 mi) south of the Armenian border.
Nonetheless, one particular tradition identifies the mountain as Mount Masis, the highest peak in the Armenian Highland, which is called Mount Ararat.
Here the Assyrian Queen Semiramis is said to have lingered for a few days after the death of Ara. Since AAYrA± literally means "pain" in Turkic languages such as Azeri and Turkish, the toponym has been popularly rendered as "Painful Mountain". During the Ottoman Empire era the AAYrA± village was originally called Karakilise (black church).
Above the height of 4,200 m (13,780 ft), the mountain mostly consists of igneous rocks covered by an ice cap.
Views differ as to whether Ararat formed much of its size after the flood (post-flood) or partially during the flood with post-flood uplift and lava flows. However, a number of other sources, such as public domain and verifiable SRTM data and a 2007 GPS measurement show that the alternatively widespread figure of 5,137 m (16,854 ft) is probably more accurate, and that the true elevation may be even lower due to the thick layer of snow-covered ice cap which permanently remains on the top of the mountain. The coordinates that cover the ice cap area on Mount Ararat are N 39 degrees 41' to N 39 degrees 44', E 44 degrees 15' 30" to E 44 degrees 19' 30". An unstable part of the northern slope collapsed and a chapel, a monastery, and a village covered by rubble. Cold and warm waters surge together off the coast of South Africa to create rich marine ecosystems and a billion sardines on the move. Francisville, Louisiana, is one of the most intact examples of a domestic plantation complex in the South of the U.S.
As opposed to the Armenian and European tradition, Semitic tradition identifies the mountain as Judi Dagh located in Turkey near Cizre. However, the translators of the Bible replaced the "rrt" with the later name, "Ararat" or "Armenia." The Assyrian kings wrote about battles against the Urartian tribes from the thirteenth century BC (c. The History of Armenia derives the name from a king Amasya, the great-grandson of the Armenian patriarch Hayk, who is said to have called the mountain Masis after his own name. Some geologists like Clifford Burdick have found pillow lava (lava spewed into water, ice, or snow) up to the 14,000-foot level where the 17-square mile ice cap typically begins. It seems that Ararat was active in the 3rd millennium BC; under the pyroclastic flows, artifacts from the early Bronze Age and remains of human bodies have been found. According to some sources, Ararat erupted then as well, albeit under the ground water level.
There are two possible campsites on the mountain, and the glacier begins around 4,800 m (15,750 ft).
However, getting Mount Ararat climb permit with licensed Turkish travel agency makes this time more short. While the oak alley is not as ancient as the one that can be found in Oak Alley Plantation, it has a beautiful garden and a mansion (completed in 1835) that, at least according to me, surpass those of Oak Alley. However, since pillow lava may be formed with ice or snow water, it is not a convincing argument for a flood-time mountain creation. Friedrich Parrots climb Ararat with the help of Khachatur Abovian, was the first explorer in modern times to reach the summit of Mount Ararat, subsequent to the onset of Russian rule in 1829. Amidon edited the 2007 translation of Philostorgius, originally from Joseph Bidez, except for the extracts from the Syriac chronicles.
This volcanic mountain rises 5,165 meters or 16,945 feet high, far above the plains those are at 2,000-3,000 feet high, and are the highest location in the ancient territory of Urartu, a region that covered tens of thousands of square miles with hundreds of mountains. The name Urartu then vanished from history (until archaeologists re-discovered it in the 1800s) and was replaced by Ararat and Armenia in the vicinity as well as in English Bible translations, maps, etc.
The association of the mountain with the story of Noah is however comparatively recent in Armenian culture, according to Murat (1900) not pre-dating the 11th century. Geologists believe that cylindrical and very steep mountains like Little Ararat show that it is most probably a post-flood mountain.
Abovian and Parrot crossed the Aras River and headed to the Armenian village of Ahora situated on the northern slope of Ararat 4,000 feet above sea level.
Amidon emphasizes how Philostorgius made great use of the immense library resources of Constantinople in his writings, which should give us more confidence in his geography. As history went on in the first and second millennia AD, the mountain became known as Ararat and the region as Armenia. The historical name of the peak in Armenian is Masis or (in the plural, referring to both peaks) Masik. There are also claims of fossils and sedimentary layers on Greater Ararat but these claims have not been backed up with concrete evidence as of this date although there are evidence of fossils in the Ararat valley limestones from both the Geologist Abich and the explorers.
Following the advice of Harutiun Alamdarian of Tbilisi, they set up a base camp at the Monastery of Saint Jacob some 2,400 feet higher, at an elevation of 6,375 feet. How it is that Philostorgius even knows that the Ark landed on the Armenian Mount Ararat in ca.

The Mount Ararat region along with the Araxes river valley constitutes a possible beginning location for the archaeology of the Early Transcaucasia culture with its distinctive red-black burnished ware.
Abovian was one of the last travelers to visit Ahora and the monastery before a disastrous earthquake completely buried both in May 1840. There are a number of Heliolithic and Early Bronze Age archaeological sites around Mount Ararat in Turkey, Armenia, and Nakchivan. Their first attempt to climb the Ararat mountain, using the northeastern slope, failed as a result of lack of warm clothing.
Six days later, on the advice of Stepan Khojiants, the village chief of Ahora, the ascent was attempted from the northwestern side. After reaching an elevation of 16,028 feet, they turned back because they did not reach the Ararat summit before sundown.
The remnants of his writing show a lively intellectual curiosity encouraged by his sectarian creed, whose God is not the hidden deity of Gnosticism but one whose very substance can be known by human reason directed aright. Abovian also picked up a chunk of ice from the Ararata€™s summit and carried it down with him in a bottle, considering the holy water. Such is the central dram of our author's history: the enduring contest between the true monotheistic faith of God's people and the pagan forces arrayed against it. Gnosticism is always the silent partner in the debates between Nicene and Eunomian Christians, the real foe against whom Aetius fought the battle that nearly led to his death. Abovian's third and last ascent to Ararat was with the Englishman Henry Danby Seymour in 1846. He followed Herodotus's lead in historiography, embroidering his narrative with learned excursions into geography and natural history and in general cultivating style that would recommend him to his readers. The Tigris seems to have its source in the east, south of the Caspian Sea in Corduena, and it flows past Syria, but when it arrives in the region of Susa, the Euphrates joins its current to it, and so it boils onward, swollen now to a great size. But before it descends to the sea, it divides into two great rivers, and then it empties into the Persian Gulf from these two mouths at its end, which are divided from each other.
It thus cuts off a considerable area of ground in between, making of it an island that is both of the river and of the sea; it is inhabited by a people called the Mesenes. It is where, according to scripture, the ark came to rest, and they say that considerable remnants of its wood and nails are still preserved there. From there the Euphrates starts as a small stream at first, growing ever larger as it advances and sharing its name with the many rivers that empty into it. It makes its way through Greater and Lesser Armenian and then proceeds on, dividing first the Syria that is properly called Euphratensis and then also the rest of Syria.
Having passed through this region, and the remaining part [of Syria], and having broken up the lands through which it passes into a series of convolutions of every sort with its crooked course, it draws near to Arabia. There its way takes it in a circle opposite the Red Sea as it loops around a wide region, after which it turns toward the Caecias wind, midway between north and east. It then heads toward the Tigris River, although it cannot join its whole self to it, but wasting part of itself on the way, it empties the remained of itself into the Tigris quite near Susa, this remainder being a mighty stream quite capable of carrying ships. The land between these two rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates, is called Mesopotamia."Since the upper reaches of this volcanic mountain are covered with broken lava rock everywhere and are currently extremely difficult to ascend or descend, its present state makes it a poor location for Noah's Ark to land and for all the animals to easily descend. Some have theorized if the mountain was lower after the flood and then was uplifted later on with more volcanic activity around the parasitic cones similar to Little Ararat. Yet, Mount Ararat has the bulk of the purported eyewitnesses of the boat-like structure since 1850.
These "alleged" eyewitnesses are one reason why the search may continue on the mountain.Given the extensive research which has taken place on Mount Ararat, it seems fair to say that if Noah's Ark ever survived into modern times and is somewhere on Ararat, there are few new places remaining on the mountain to search unless it is buried under the ice cap or lava.
There have been many expeditions, accounts, alleged sightings, anomalies, and claims of discovery involving Mount Ararat. What is lacking is any scientific evidence or photo that shows that Noah's Ark survived until today. There have been 2 attempts that used sub-surface Radar (Ground Penetrating Radar - GPR) technology on Mount Ararat to look under the ice. The 1988 Willis expedition successfully surveyed the eastern summit plateau and the saddle area between the two peaks, concluding there were no Ark remains under the ice. The 1989 expedition was not as successful as the preceding year, where a less-capable GPR system was used in temperate (melting) ice cap conditions on the western plateau of Mount Ararat. However, they were able to determine the ice depth on the western plateau and scale the size of the Ark. As the next generation of commercial RADAR Satellites become available, the GPR will not be needed and it should be clear if any anomalies are underneath the ice cap.If the remains of Noah's Ark were in moving ice on Mount Ararat (there is only one legitimate glacier, the Black Glacier, though there are other moving ice flows like the so-called Parrot Glacier), the Ark would have been ground to bits.
ArcImaging contends that until the entire mountain has been adequately "sub-surface" surveyed using the latest RADAR technology, some people such as the alleged eyewitnesses contended that the Ararat ice cap contains the remains of Noah's Ark since about 90% of the supposed eyewitnesses claim that the boat was sticking out of the ice even though the explorers over the past 50 years did not see the same boat-like structure.

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