The popularity in recent years of war films such as Lone Survivor and American Sniper have demonstrated a resurgence of the war film genre. The reversal of fortunes for war films comes from these recent films and their injection of national pride and heroism that are largely absent from previous films. While still exploring some of these concepts of war surrounding American-involved combat in the 21st century, war films began to reinvigorate some of the sentiments similarly generated by films produced about World War II. Although a diversity of thematic elements and narrative scope have been largely missing from those films produced about modern war in the 21st century, war films are again relevant through their revelations in a new kind of combat action unrealized in the wars of the past. More impressive firepower, and greater technology to include unmanned aerial drones, and night-vision bring war films to the forefront of the action genre if not contributing to the discourse of war. Zero Dark Thirty is perhaps best described or classified as a political thriller, or even better still as a spy thriller as it follows Maya, played by Jessica Chastain, and her years-long hunt of Osama Bin Laden.
As Maya’s search that has lasted longer than a decade comes to a conclusion and the Navy SEAL team moves stealthily on the compound hiding Bin Laden, repeated images are seen through night vision goggles. Even though night vision has appeared in several war films before the 21st century – Courage Under Fire (Edward Zwick, 1996) and G.I. Night vision imagery alone is not particularly significant, but Kathryn Bigelow proved with The Hurt Locker (as discussed below) that films could be made about modern war where heroes are made of the soldiers that fight in a time when war is largely unpopular while also complicating both individual and geopolitical motives for going to war. This film suggests that these first person documentations are more important for those that do not participate in combat. Hank, also a veteran of war, demonstrates the changing attitudes about war as well as he uncovers the changes in actual warfare, to include soldiers’ ability to document what’s going on around them in real time. Although actual combat is largely absent in this film as Mike’s experiences are revealed in the videos sparsely spaced over the time of the film.
More importantly is how these images also expose the indifference of society to those traumas.
Although audiences can be made uncomfortable by this film’s ability to turn the lens of criticism on the audience and its lack of involvement in supporting physically and emotionally scarred soldiers returning home.
This film could be viewed as a remake of sorts of Casualties of War (1989) because of the strong similarities between the two films’ plots.
Salazar, played by Izzy Diaz, is an aspiring filmmaker hoping to submit his video diary as part of his application to the USC Film Program. With a disjunctive narrative that tasks the viewer to fill in the gaps between recordings, the film lacks catharsis as it ends unconvincingly with a video of an emotional confession of one of the other soldiers involved. An incredibly ambitious undertaking by Junger and Hetherington to document the actions of an Army platoon over the course of an entire year on the ground in Afghanistan in what is described as “the deadliest valley in Afghanistan.” The film takes its title from the name of an outpost where 2nd Platoon, B Company, 2nd Battalion, 503rd Infantry Regiment, 173rd Airborne Brigade Combat Team spends their year in a fight for control of the Korengal Valley. Restrepo is also the name of a soldier of this unit who was killed in action and is memorialized by the outpost’s naming. Because the war in Afghanistan still raged at the film’s release, Restrepo presents modern war to its viewers in perhaps the most current, unadulterated way possible without actually experiencing combat. Continuing in the vein of documentary, Nick Broomfield lends his experience in the tradition – Soldier Girls of 1981, Kurt and Courtney of 1998, and Aileen: Life and Death of a Serial Killer of 2003 – to create another factually based fiction fit for this list.
Cast in the lead role for this film is ex-marine Elliot Ruiz – the youngest Marine in country at the time of his real world deployment to Iraq at 17 years old. The documentary technique and other efforts towards realism weight the suggestion of the film that the officers in command of today’s military are more responsible for soldiers’ actions, such as those in this film, than the soldiers themselves.
I don?t really find Black Hawk Down patriotic, after all it shows an utter failure by the american military, and doesn?t ever, in opinion at least, portray anyone as heroes, but simply men in a kill or be killed situation.
You do realize this is an article is about Modern Warfare movies of the 21st century right? These are not war movies, these films are about friggin USA attacking countries and killing ppl for oil.
With introduction of computer in our lives, new techniques, gadgets entered Hollywood and with time, the whole industry evolved (and is still evolving). Here in the film an ex-con computer hacker is approached for a case of bank robbery conspiracy.
An American teen hacker plays with a nuclear war simulator game but later it is realized that it was not mere a game rather that becomes a real terrorist attack in front of United State’s Department of Homeland Security that can ultimately lead World war III. Story is about Facebook, the popular social working site since its inception, its growth, and its evolution.
The first photograph (1826) - Joseph Niepce, a French inventor and pioneer in photography, is generally credited with producing the first photograph. Easy Peasy Fact:Following Niepcea€™s experiments, in 1829 Louis Daguerre stepped up to make some improvements on a novel idea. Adafruit: The oldest street scene photos of New York City - Check out these incredible (and incredibly old) photos of NYC, via Ephemeral New York.
The oldest street scene photos of New York CityCheck out these incredible (and incredibly old) photos of NYC, via Ephemeral New York.
I still remember reading about Louis Daguerre's invention, the daguerreotype, in high school. The Making of the American Museum of Natural Historya€™s Wildlife DioramasFossil shark-jaw restoration, 1909. Very old portrait of three men identified as (from left to right) Henry, George, and Stephen Childs, November 25, 1842. In 1840, Hippolyte Bayard, a pioneer of early photography, created an image called Self-Portrait as a Drowned Man. 10 Times History Was Captured in Living ColorColor photographs go back to before you might think. Louis Daguerrea€™s view of the Boulevard du Temple in the French capital was captured in 1938, using a method a€“ the daguerreotype a€“ that took around seven minutes to develop a single image.Such a long exposure meant that anything moving around was not picked up.
Members of the Politburo are rarely praised for their dancing skills, but consider Xi Jinping's almost flawless execution of the political two-step: first casting himself as the voice of liberal moderation in the face of Bo Xilai's mass propaganda, and then draping himself in the mantle of Maoist China and the Communist Revolution once his position was secure.
Kaiser and Jeremy recorded today's show from New York, where they waylaid Holly Chang, founder of Project Pengyou and now Acting Executive Director of the Committee of 100 for a discussion on spying, stealing commercial spying, spying and broadway.Yes, you read that right.
Kaiser Kuo and David Moser are joined this week by Howie Southworth and Greg Matza, creators of the independent video series Sauced in Translation, a reality show that journeys into the wilder parts of China in search of local Chinese specialities that can be repurposed into classic American dishes. With equity markets in freefall, housing prices skipping downwards, foreign reserves plummetting, and industrial production on a roadtrip back to the last decade, it's no surprise permabears like Gordan Chang are stocking up on popcorn to bask in what they see as the long-due collapse of the Chinese economy. This week on Sinica, Kaiser Kuo and David Moser are joined by Deborah Seligsohn, former science counselor for the US Embassy in Beijing and currently a doctoral candidate at UCSD, where she studies environmental governance in China. When Ernest Hemingway somewhat presciently referred to Paris as a movable feast ("wherever you go for the rest of your life, it stays with you") he captured the feelings of many long-term China expats rather concisely.
With amazing research now suggesting that Beijing swifts, the tiny creatures most residents pass by without noticing, are some of the most well-travelled birds on the planet, averaging an astonishing 124,000 miles of flight in their life, barely landing for years-on-end, and migrating as far as the southern tip of Africa. This is the second part of our episode of Sinica recorded last month during a special live event at the Bookworm literary festival.
Our episode of Sinica this week was captured last month during a special live event at the Bookworm literary festival, where David Moser and Kaiser Kuo were joined by China-newcomer Jeremy Goldkorn, fresh off the plane from Nashville.
The West has spent decades pleading with China to become a responsible stakeholder in the global community, but what happens now that China is starting to take a more proactive role internationally? This week on Sinica, we are delighted to present a show on Tu Youyou, the Chinese scientist who recently shared a Nobel Prize in Medicine for her discovery of the anti-malaria compound artemisinin, thus making her the first citizen of the People's Republic of China to receive the Nobel Prize in the natural sciences. Edmund Backhouse, the 20th century Sinologist, long-time Beijing resident, and occasional con-artist, is perhaps best known for his incendiary memoirs, which not only distorted Western understanding of Chinese history for more than 50 years, but also included what in retrospect can only be seen as patently fictitious stories of erotic encounters between the British Baronet and the Empress Dowager Cixi.This week on Sinica, we are delighted to be joined by Derek Sandhaus of Earnshaw Books, who has recently produced an abridged edition of Backhouse's memoirs for the Hong Kong publishing house. Kaiser Kuo and David Moser are joined today by Jerry Chan and Matt Sheehan for a look at hip-hop in China. The interpretation of history is an inherently political act in China, and the struggle for control of the narrative of the War of Resistance Against Japan—World War II—has heated up during the approach to the September 3 parade commemorating the Japanese surrender. As anyone who reads the Sinocism newsletter knows, Bill Bishop is among the most plugged-in people in Beijing with an uncanny ability to figure out what is actually happening in the halls of power.
Someone desperately needs to call a fumigator, because China's self-help bug is eating up the woodwork.
The story started when a Buzzfeed editor lost his iPhone in an East Village bar in February of last year and blossomed into the Sino-American romance of the century, and probably the most up-lifting and altogether unlikely China story that we can remember. We have enough favorite writers on China that we've had to develop a sophisticated classification system just to keep track of everyone. If you happen to live in the anglophone world and aren't closely tied to China by blood or professional ties, chances are that what you believe to be true about this country is heavily influenced by the opinions of perhaps one hundred other people, the reporters who cover China for the world's leading media outlets and the writers who build a narrative to encompass it beyond the frenetic drumbeat of current affairs.This week, Kaiser Kuo, Jeremy Goldkorn and David Moser are joined by accomplished writer Ian Johnson to talk about this phenomenon at first generally, but then specifically with regards to a piece Ian recently authored in the New York Review of Books called An American Hero in China, a look into the way China has embraced Peter Hessler and his writings on the country.
On April 25, an 8.1 magnitude earthquake shook the Katmandu Valley in Nepal, causing over 8000 deaths, countless more injuries, and triggering mountain avalanches which sent snow careening down the slopes of Mount Everest and burying the human settlements below. It doesn't take much exposure to China to realize the pervasiveness of identity politics here. Few films were made in the years between Operation Desert Storm and the present, similar to war film production in the years during and after Vietnam. Films often failed to peak the interest, because they focused either on the atrocities of American soldiers like those exposed at Abu Ghraib, or on the futility of fighting wars against enemies with no apparent fear of death on their own soil. Inspired by this renewed vigor, the following list of ten films represents the best that the genre has offered in the 21st century. It is, however, made significant to the subject of 21st century warfare because of the involvement of the Navy SEAL team and the siege sequence that concludes the film.
The night vision imagery and sequences of precise, quiet combat has become the most iconic staple of the war film genre in the 21st century. Jane (Ridley Scott, 1997) – visuals in night vision were popularized by video games like the Call of Duty franchise, then used in Act of Valor (Mike McCoy and Scott Waugh, 2012) as a possible recruiting tool. It is the persistent contribution of Bigelow that grants this film an entry here as one of the ten best war films of the 21st century. In part, this is because the consciousness of Americans and the global community was at its peak regarding post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Hank Deerfield, played by Tommy Lee Jones, discovers the horrible details of his son, Michael’s, deployment to Iraq through a series of scrambled videos taken by Michael in Iraq.


While the videos are revealing to Hank about his son’s traumatic experiences, their place in the narrative structure are also telling about how first-hand accounts can expose soldiers’ experiences at war otherwise unknown to those unexposed to wartime.
The shocking images focus the attention of the film to the horrors of war mostly specific to modern warfare of the 21st century.
Unlike any time before in American history soldiers are returning home to a level of indifference that is alarming considering some of the imagery and soldier experiences contained in this film. It is this unusual trait that make In the Valley of Elah essential to this list of 21st century films about 21st century war. Like In the Valley of Elah, this film explores soldiers’ ability to record war in real time taking its perspective from an Army Private, Angel Salazar’s, video camera. What the camera records forms De Palma’s recreation of true events – Casualties of War was also based on real events from the Vietnam War. In the contrived ending sequences this film necessitates its own existence and its inclusion in this list by providing a mirror to society at the time the film was produced – lacking real answers about the theater of war and begging for closure. Hetherington and Junger bring combat action to the screen in a visceral way that never achieved before. For the bold risks taken by the film’s creators, who put themselves in harm’s way for the sake of documenting something relevant but largely unseen, and the broad scope of this uninhibited look at this brave group of soldiers, Restrepo is a must see.
Ruiz’s character, Corporal Ramirez, appears before the camera early on in improvised scenes, along with other soldiers to describe the monotony filled with danger that is the nature of a deployment to Iraq. While Broomfield’s utilization of documentary technique and style are important to this film’s inclusion to this list, it is more important to consider this film for a list such as this, because of its pointed critique at the leadership that guides today’s American military.
When the casualties numbers pop up at the end, that is a direct stab at the american millitary, showing that yes 19 americans died, but at the cost of over a 1000 somalians; that is not patriotism, that is a direct critique. The technology, the presentation, the depiction goes hand in hand with the changes we witness around us.
Story is about a computer hacker called Kevin Mitnick who is stealing sensitive data from federal systems. Film has been directed by Dominic Sena and stars John Travolta, Hugh Jackman, Halle Berry, Don Cheadle, and Vinnie Jones. Even the attackers steal his identity, register him in bad books of police, and blackmail him to get advantage of his skills. In this movie, a hacker friend of a group of co-eds accidentally channels an obscure wireless signal that ultimately become the source to make them responsible to stop a terrifying evil from taking over the world.
Story revolves around John McClane who is not so computer oriented but with the help of a young hacker, he fights against cyber criminals, a group who has great hacking capabilities and talent.
Niepcea€™s photograph shows a view from the Window at Le Gras, and it only took eight hours of exposure time!The history of photography has roots in remote antiquity with the discovery of the principle of the camera obscura and the observation that some substances are visibly altered by exposure to light. Again employing the use of solvents and metal plates as a canvas, Daguerre utilized a combination of silver and iodine to make a surface more sensitive to light, thereby taking less time to develop. Half of the Limburg province of Belgium is added to the Netherlands, giving rise to a Belgian Limburg and Dutch Limburg (the latter being from September 5 joined to the German Confederation).June 3 a€“ Destruction of opium at Humen begins, casus belli for Britain to open the 3-year First Opium War against Qing dynasty China. Bayard had just perfected the process of printing on to paper, which would come to define photography in the following century, but the French government had decided to invest instead in the daguerrotype, a process invented by his rival, Louis Daguerre. The only figure to stay still long enough was a man, on the corner of the street, who had stopped to have his shoes shined.Created using a chemically-treated silver plate, it only shows anyone at all because the man stopped long enough to make history. The changes are enough to prompt anyone to ask: how exactly did this happen and does it even make sense?Today on Sinica we take a look at the political movement some academics are calling Neo-Maoists, the traditionally conservative politicians and Party members whose influence began eroding with market reforms in the 1980s but have arguably witnessed a comeback of sorts in the last two years. After catching the Broadway musical Allegiance about the Japanese-American internment camps in WWII, we wanted to do a show discussing the experiences people of Chinese heritage have with racial profiling today, and particularly the experiences of the Chinese diaspora community in the United States. The show is a great concept, brilliantly executed, and we're delighted to have Howie and Greg here to share some behind-the-scenes stories and talk about how they got started mixing Chinese and American cuisine.
It all raises the question of how bad things are going to get, which leads to the question of how bad they are right now.Joining Kaiser, Jeremy and David in the studio today to talk about the Chinese economy and its recent tailspin is none other than Tom Orlik, an economist at Bloomberg and author of the book Understanding China's Economic Indicators.
With more than 20 years of China experience, Deborah is one of the most knowledgeable people in the world on the question of China's policy response to questions of air pollution and climate change, which is why we are delighted to have her on the show.Like Sinica?
In this show David Moser and Kaiser Kuo were joined by China-newcomer Jeremy Goldkorn, fresh off the plane from Nashville to field questions from our live Beijing audience.
During the show we talked about Beijing-lifers and how the city has changed during our time here. As an expert on the facts and fictions of Edmund Backhouse, Derek joins us for a discussion of what is real and less-than-real in Backhouse's deathbed reminiscences, and what we can and should learn about Qing-era China from his memoirs. Join us as we talk with Eric about the stereotypes and realities surrounding the millennial generation in China.
But as casual readers may not be aware, he is also an excellent podcast guest due to his habit of bringing first cupcakes and now amazingly smooth bottles of Japanese whisky to our recording sessions before trading the latest gossip about the goings-on in Zhongnanhai.On today's show we mark Bill's departure from China and his return to the United States where he plans to live for the next few years with his family. As one of the earliest American-style microbreweries in China, not only has the company rescued us from endless nights of Snow and Yanjing, but its also given us something uniquely Chinese with its assortment of peppercorn, honey and tea-flavored beers. We used to buy the papers for his "Telegrams from the Orient", but then he took that Economist gig and his productivity plummeted and it has become hard to even remember what his writing is like anymore.
Train station bookstores may always have served the genre's trite pabulum to bored businessmen legging it cross-country, but in recent months the popularity of the cult has spread more widely, to the point one can't go to a party these days without being accosted for one's thoughts on "the Secret", or hear co-workers fume over where their cheese might have gone and which of their colleagues has probably taken it.Drowning in this morass of anti-Enlightenment thinking?
It features Apple products, global crime networks, human flesh search engines, the draw of instant celebrity, and Ellen DeGeneres. That said, one of our hardest to place somewhere in the long-form taxonomy is Chris Beam, who you may have heard on past episodes talking about his experience in Chinese ping-pong bootcamp, or maybe his account of the birth of American football with the saga of the Chongqing Dockers.If you liked those shows as much as we did, you'll be delighted to hear that Chris is back this week to talk about his latest essay, an entertaining and surprisingly sympathetic look at the international Cruise Industry and its attempts to romance one of the least sea-faring countries on the planet. We try to make sense of how exactly reporting is done here, what sorts of editorial decisions are made that affect coverage, and how the voice of the author struggle to make China intelligible to the outside world.Like Sinica? Indeed, whether in the Chinese government's occasionally hamfisted efforts to micromanage ethnic minority cultures or the Foreign Ministry's soft-power promotion efforts abroad, it seems that barely a day goes by without someone in the Chinese government confusing the idea of China (the state) with the Han ethnic diaspora.This week, Kaiser Kuo and Jeremy Goldkorn are delighted to be joined by David Moser, director of the CET immersion program in Beijing, and Jeremiah Jenne, renegade Qing historian and director of The Hutong. Public outcry or indifference serves as the most satisfying explanation of why these films are so sparsely produced, and so poorly received both critically and commercially. Unlike previous conflicts, soldiers in the 21st century have unrestricted and unencumbered access to photography and video equipment to document their experiences.
Both films tell stories of rape and murder controversially orchestrated by American soldiers.
With the nearly immediate availability of images in the new millennium the fever of the gunfights and combat patrols shown in this film bring combat to the audience in the now.
Tim Hetherington was later killed in Libya while attempting to document similar hostilities. Nothing is so important to the film as the use of participants of real world events in cameos or roles small and large in the filming. The removal of scripting in these moments lends some credence to the factual nature of the film and further complicates American involvement in Iraq and the effect that involvement has on soldiers.
It has no perspective, it’s overly patriotic, doesn’t show the point of view of the Somalis (in this episode, 19 Americans were killed, while more than 1,000 Somalis perished, and yet the film shows them as invisible and disposable enemies, canon fodder for the Americans at best), and yet it ends up #1! In 2001, Francis Ford Coppola reedited it and reissued it in a 200-minute+ version he chose to call Apocalypse Now Redux. Hence, when computers came into existence, eventually their impact was apparent in the movies. People have made real good hacking movies during this period and are continuously working towards creating some real marvels. He tries hacking the system of leading computer crimes expert that turns out be the biggest mistake he had ever done. They finally reach the financial records of government to control the economy but John as the protagonist sabotage their intentions.
It is directed by David Fincher and cast includes Jesse Eisenberg (Mark Zuckerberg), Rooney Mara (Erica Albright), Bryan Barter (Billy Olson). So, what are you waiting for if you have missed any of these hacking movies released in 21st century then go and complete the list.
As far as is known, nobody thought of bringing these two phenomena together to capture camera images in permanent form until around 1800, when Thomas Wedgwood made the first reliably documented although unsuccessful attempt. It didna€™t take long for others to seize the new technology and create daguerreotypes of New York City street scenes. Daguerreotypes are sharply defined, highly reflective, one-of-a-kind photographs on silver-coated copper plates, usually packaged behind glass and kept in protective cases. In conversation with Jude Blanchette, former Assistant Director of the 21st century China program at UCSD, now with the Conference Board, Kaiser and Jeremy take a look at the history of the movement, who the major players are today, and how it is playing out in the Chinese media. Tom has years of experience writing about China and joins to share his thoughts on what parts of the economy are doing decently and where the real problems lie. Don't forget that you can subscribe to our iTunes podcast feed by using our custom RSS feed. And if life is so romantic here, where are the writers in our midst and what are they producing anyway?This week on Sinica, Kaiser Kuo and David Moser are delighted to host the editors of While We're Here: China Stories from a Writer's Colony, a compilation of short stories, poems and more lovingly assembled by Alec Ash and Tom Pellman of The Anthill. During this show we talk about what Beijing means to us and what we see happening in China going forward.If you're a long-time listener, be sure to check out this unusual episode—recorded in front of a live audience. Jerry has been involved with the local music scene for over a decade and now works as marketing director for True Run Media.
While not exactly your requisite "Why I Am Leaving China" blog post, this show gives Kaiser Kuo and David Moser the chance to talk to Bill about the reasons behind his decision, and explore why he sees an increasingly strained relationship between China and the United States over the next few years. Join us on Sinica as we excoriate the self-help movement in a show featuring an almost unanimous bewilderment, tempted only by the fascinating insights of Eric Hendriks, Peking University postdoc and lecturer and researcher on this fascinating topic. Who can resist the cross-cultural romance of Matt Stopera and Brother Orange?Joining Kaiser, Jeremy and David us to talk about this phenomenon and its backstory and are two guests who've seen it unfold from the inside: Matt Sheehan, China Correspondent for the Huffington Post, who wrote this piece about the saga, and Cecilia Miao, agent for Brother Orange and creator of Channel-C, a community for Chinese students who have studied abroad. And considering the phenomenal timing of this show -- taking place almost exactly as Jeremy Goldkorn "goes native" in America and enjoys his very first mega cruise -- we hope you enjoy the show as much as we enjoy bringing it to you.Enjoy Sinica?
Don't forget that you can subscribe to our iTunes podcast feed by using our custom RSS feed for the show. Our two guests are joined for this discussion by Kaiser Kuo, Jeremy Goldkorn and David Moser.


We chat about what it means to be Chinese, where these ideas came from and whether anything is likely to change them in the future. It wasn’t shot in the 21st century, true enough, but this version was first released in the 21st century. If you are looking from some great Hacking movies of 21st century then you are at the right place. Film is directed by Wachowski brothers and cast includes Keanu Reeves (Neo), Laurence Fishburne (Morpheus), and Carrie-Anne Moss (Trinity). The Government, which has been only too generous to Monsieur Daguerre, has said it can do nothing for Monsieur Bayard, and the poor wretch has drowned himself. And please feel free to download this show as a standalone mp3 file and share with anyone you think might also like hearing the show.
This is part one: the second half will follow [standalone mp3 file]]]> Our episode of Sinica this week was captured last month during a special live event at the Bookworm literary festival, where David Moser and Kaiser Kuo were joined by China-newcomer Jeremy Goldkorn, fresh off the plane from Nashville. Everyone is also welcome to download this show directly from Popup Chinese as a standalone mp3 file. Matt Sheehan is the Beijing correspondent for the Huffington Post and has recently written on rap in China as well.
After August excursions to lands of clean air and English-language media, the Sinica team is back this week with a show covering the astonishing explosions that gutted the Binhai economic development zone in Tianjin last week. This is a surprisingly intimate look at one of the places we've grown to take for granted, filled with details on their touch-and-go early years and the bureaucratic run-in that almost crippled the business. Also, beyond discussing his future plans and long history of covering China, we also wanted to know what's he's learned on the beat and where in his opinion one can find the best Sichuan food in Beijing. We welcome all listeners to share their feedback and thoughts in the comment section below, and encourage everyone to download our standalone mp3 file to share this show with friends and colleagues who may have fallen victim to the self-help bug. So listen in online or download our show as a standalone mp3 file and share with friends.]]> The story started when a Buzzfeed editor lost his iPhone in an East Village bar in February of last year and blossomed into the Sino-American romance of the century, and probably the most up-lifting and altogether unlikely China story that we can remember.
So check out the show online, or download and share it here as a standalone mp3 file.]]> It doesn't take much exposure to China to realize the pervasiveness of identity politics here. And while some might argue that a director’s cut is not a new movie, in the case of Apocalypse Now, it kind of was.
Many of them try hacking for fun and feel satisfied by just hacking an email account but for some it is serious business. Chemistry student Robert Cornelius was so fascinated by the chemical process involved in Daguerrea€™s work that he sought to make some improvements himself.
Thanks!]]> This week on Sinica, Kaiser Kuo and David Moser are joined by Deborah Seligsohn, former science counselor for the US Embassy in Beijing and currently a doctoral candidate at UCSD, where she studies environmental governance in China. And if you want to pick up the book, you can find it for your Kindle here on Amazon or drop by The Bookworm in Beijing for a physical copy. Enjoy and let us know what you think.]]> The West has spent decades pleading with China to become a responsible stakeholder in the global community, but what happens now that China is starting to take a more proactive role internationally? As the Chinese government struggles to deal with public pressures for greater transparency and conspiracy theories mount, we take a closer look at what we know and don't about the port explosion.Enjoy Sinica?
Thanks!]]> If you happen to live in the anglophone world and aren't closely tied to China by blood or professional ties, chances are that what you believe to be true about this country is heavily influenced by the opinions of perhaps one hundred other people, the reporters who cover China for the world's leading media outlets and the writers who build a narrative to encompass it beyond the frenetic drumbeat of current affairs.This week, Kaiser Kuo, Jeremy Goldkorn and David Moser are joined by accomplished writer Ian Johnson to talk about this phenomenon at first generally, but then specifically with regards to a piece Ian recently authored in the New York Review of Books called An American Hero in China, a look into the way China has embraced Peter Hessler and his writings on the country. The film took on a whole new resonance in its longer cut which made it an even greater masterpiece than the 155-minute 1979 version. It was commercially introduced in 1839, a date generally accepted as the birth year of practical photography.The metal-based daguerreotype process soon had some competition from the paper-based calotype negative and salt print processes invented by Henry Fox Talbot.
And in 1839 Cornelius shot a self-portrait daguerrotype that some historians believe was the first modern photograph of a man ever produced.
For over two weeks in the summer of 2002, scientists and conservators at this prestigious facility subjected the artifact, its frame, and support materials to extensive and rigorous non-destructive testing. Join Kaiser Kuo and David Moser this week as they talk with two journalists who covered the aftermath of the Tianjin explosions in person from the Chinese equivalent of ground zero: Julie Makinen who heads the China bureau for the LA Times and Fergus Ryan who covers China for The Guardian.
And feel free to download the standalone mp3 file of this show to share with friends and colleagues. The result was a very complete scientific and technical analysis of the object, which in turn provided better criteria for its secure and permanent case design and presentation in the lobby of the newly-renovated Harry Ransom Center.The plate also received extensive attention from the photographic technicians at the Institute, who spent a day and a half with the original heliograph in their photographic studios in order to record photographically and digitally all aspects of the plate.
Please feel welcome to listen online or download our show as a standalone mp3 file and share with friends and colleagues.]]> Insurance scam? The object was documented under all manner of scientific lights, including infrared and ultraviolet spectra. Long before the first photographs were made, Chinese philosopher Mo Ti and Greek mathematicians Aristotle and Euclid described a pinhole camera in the 5th and 4th centuries BCE.
In the 6th century CE, Byzantine mathematician Anthemius of Tralles used a type of camera obscura in his experimentsIbn al-Haytham (Alhazen) (965 in Basra a€“ c. Wilhelm Homberg described how light darkened some chemicals (photochemical effect) in 1694. The novel Giphantie (by the French Tiphaigne de la Roche, 1729a€“74) described what could be interpreted as photography.Around the year 1800, Thomas Wedgwood made the first known attempt to capture the image in a camera obscura by means of a light-sensitive substance.
As with the bitumen process, the result appeared as a positive when it was suitably lit and viewed. A strong hot solution of common salt served to stabilize or fix the image by removing the remaining silver iodide. On 7 January 1839, this first complete practical photographic process was announced at a meeting of the French Academy of Sciences, and the news quickly spread. At first, all details of the process were withheld and specimens were shown only at Daguerre's studio, under his close supervision, to Academy members and other distinguished guests. Paper with a coating of silver iodide was exposed in the camera and developed into a translucent negative image.
Unlike a daguerreotype, which could only be copied by rephotographing it with a camera, a calotype negative could be used to make a large number of positive prints by simple contact printing. The calotype had yet another distinction compared to other early photographic processes, in that the finished product lacked fine clarity due to its translucent paper negative. This was seen as a positive attribute for portraits because it softened the appearance of the human face. Talbot patented this process,[20] which greatly limited its adoption, and spent many years pressing lawsuits against alleged infringers.
He attempted to enforce a very broad interpretation of his patent, earning himself the ill will of photographers who were using the related glass-based processes later introduced by other inventors, but he was eventually defeated. Nonetheless, Talbot's developed-out silver halide negative process is the basic technology used by chemical film cameras today. Hippolyte Bayard had also developed a method of photography but delayed announcing it, and so was not recognized as its inventor.In 1839, John Herschel made the first glass negative, but his process was difficult to reproduce.
The new formula was sold by the Platinotype Company in London as Sulpho-Pyrogallol Developer.Nineteenth-century experimentation with photographic processes frequently became proprietary.
This adaptation influenced the design of cameras for decades and is still found in use today in some professional cameras. Petersburg, Russia studio Levitsky would first propose the idea to artificially light subjects in a studio setting using electric lighting along with daylight. In 1884 George Eastman, of Rochester, New York, developed dry gel on paper, or film, to replace the photographic plate so that a photographer no longer needed to carry boxes of plates and toxic chemicals around.
Now anyone could take a photograph and leave the complex parts of the process to others, and photography became available for the mass-market in 1901 with the introduction of the Kodak Brownie.A practical means of color photography was sought from the very beginning. Results were demonstrated by Edmond Becquerel as early as 1848, but exposures lasting for hours or days were required and the captured colors were so light-sensitive they would only bear very brief inspection in dim light.The first durable color photograph was a set of three black-and-white photographs taken through red, green and blue color filters and shown superimposed by using three projectors with similar filters. It was taken by Thomas Sutton in 1861 for use in a lecture by the Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell, who had proposed the method in 1855.[27] The photographic emulsions then in use were insensitive to most of the spectrum, so the result was very imperfect and the demonstration was soon forgotten. Maxwell's method is now most widely known through the early 20th century work of Sergei Prokudin-Gorskii. Included were methods for viewing a set of three color-filtered black-and-white photographs in color without having to project them, and for using them to make full-color prints on paper.[28]The first widely used method of color photography was the Autochrome plate, commercially introduced in 1907. If the individual filter elements were small enough, the three primary colors would blend together in the eye and produce the same additive color synthesis as the filtered projection of three separate photographs. Autochrome plates had an integral mosaic filter layer composed of millions of dyed potato starch grains.
Reversal processing was used to develop each plate into a transparent positive that could be viewed directly or projected with an ordinary projector. The mosaic filter layer absorbed about 90 percent of the light passing through, so a long exposure was required and a bright projection or viewing light was desirable. Competing screen plate products soon appeared and film-based versions were eventually made. A complex processing operation produced complementary cyan, magenta and yellow dye images in those layers, resulting in a subtractive color image.
Kirsch at the National Institute of Standards and Technology developed a binary digital version of an existing technology, the wirephoto drum scanner, so that alphanumeric characters, diagrams, photographs and other graphics could be transferred into digital computer memory. The lab was working on the Picturephone and on the development of semiconductor bubble memory. The essence of the design was the ability to transfer charge along the surface of a semiconductor.
Michael Tompsett from Bell Labs however, who discovered that the CCD could be used as an imaging sensor.



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