The Digital Water Curtain integrates all the characteristics that must have a 21st century urban furniture element. Of all the urban landscape elements, street furniture has the closest contact and interaction with humans.
Under the influence of rapid urbanization and globalization, global warming, and a growing emphasis on humanism, urban landscape design (including street furniture) is facing unparalleled challenges and requirements in the 21st century. Street furniture design involves a wide range of concerns, including function, environment, and meaning. Today and the incoming future, with the continuous development of cities and technology, urban landscape will become a more and more complicated system with numerous kinds of considerations. The people-oriented principle is the primary principle, core idea of urban landscape design and it serves as a foundation for other principles.
Public participation refers to the idea that the designers do not design for the public but design with the public.
Urban designers should have comprehensive understanding of the context, meaning and spirit behind the urban landscape, to integrate them with current needs and technology in order to adapt to the modern society. The premise of street furniture design is that it should be “people-oriented.” It is the core idea of street furniture design and located in the centre of the model. Another important aspect of the people-oriented premise of street furniture design is how the public will make use of street furniture.
Sustainable development refers to development in which the ecological environment is considered equally with economic and social development Constructing an “ecological city,” requires urban designers to factor in the environment during the design process. The aim of people-oriented design is to serve all different types of people, including male and female, old and young, and those with and without a handicap.
The original function of street furniture is to satisfy psychological needs of people in public places. It is important to note that aesthetic is not about individual street furniture with bombastic and complex appearance and style. Secure installation enables street furniture to adapt to the variable environment and maintain its best performance.
Street furniture is one of the significant elements of the urban landscape and contains a wide range of concern. Street furniture, as part of the urban landscape, is an important element experienced by residents and visitors, mostly on the streets and in other urban spaces.
The Digital Water Curtain design as urban furniture comprises all requirements listed above, becoming a new nature element to be taken into account for urban designers. The Digital Water Curtain has sufficient lighting provided at night for security and spectacular illumination for the water wall displays. The DWC is highly interactive with the people through the use of interface drivers like smarphones and laptops. The DWC can be used as video projection support to create a large size information and advertisement display. The Digital Water Curtain is a 21st century type of fountain of new nature adapted to nowadays urban landscaping requirements. It is one of the essential elements of the urban environment that contributes to humans and their activities. Although comparatively small in scale, street furniture plays a significant role, along with other urban landscape elements such as architecture and urban space, in determining the quality of an urban environment and in representing the image of a city.

The  21st  century  onwards  (today  and  the  coming  future):  a  new  era  of information and technology, when urban landscape design is facing unparalleled challenges. The continuously and rapidly developing technology, transportation system and internet increase and enhance the contact among people throughout the world. More importantly, people are at the core of urban design; cities and urban landscapes are designed to satisfy different human needs and solve different human problems in cities.
Besides providing a safe, healthy, convenient, and comfortable urban environment and ensuring the security of life and joyful social activity, urban design needs to consider human feelings toward the urban environment (space, feature, image) in terms of contextual, spatial, cultural, psychological, aesthetic aspect, to heighten the quality of urban environment and create an aesthetic, modern and entire urban space. The concept of sustainable development is already a significant consideration of today’s urban development. An ecological city is one in which the natural and human environments are in harmony so that humans, society, and the natural environment can survive and grow equally and sustainably. It causes no wastage and pollution to the environment but on the other hand adds value and function to street furniture. Street furniture should be able to satisfy the users’ physiological and psychological needs through its usage, comfort, quantity, accessibility, arrangement and aesthetics.
The appearance and style of street furniture should be thoughtfully designed to create a pleasing environment by providing artistic and visual comfort to the public.
Street furniture, such as the Digital Water Curtain are commonly installed by rooting it underground, or by locking it on the ground, or by providing it with a firm and solid foundation.
It includes systematic monitoring, sufficient cleaning and repairing, and immediate replacing of damaged street furniture. Compared to other urban landscape elements, street furniture has the closest relation and interaction with users in contributing to the urban environment and urban life. The DWC is very safe, respecting local regulations about water treatment, filtration and water quality. All control units are placed out of reach, impossible to vandalize, with insulating systems when connected with electricity. It can be used as an interactive billboard writing texts sent from a computer connected to internet. The DWC is open to interact with people through Controlidor software, updating it continuously, to be ready for new communication technologies, being at the same time a playful, refreshing and iconic landmark in the urban landscape. A desirable living environment should be able to satisfy different physical activities, and also provide psychological commitment and recognition. Designers should learn and understand the needs and values of the inhabitants as well as the context and background of the place from the public, whilst the inhabitants should learn and understand the techniques and related knowledge of designing an environment from the designers. Sustainable development  aims  to  maintain  a  harmony  of environment, society and economy.
Therefore, street furniture should continuously evolve to adapt to the ever-changing situation. However, it is not possible to control how individuals will use and treat street furniture.
Because street furniture is part of the urban environment, its design should be committed to sustainable   development, which   benefits   human   survival,   thus fulfilling its people-oriented premise. Natural elements like plantings and Digital Water Curtains can be introduced or used as part of the street furniture to have harmonious coordination of both natural and artificial landscape elements. Universal design means that different types of users should be able to use street furniture conveniently and easily.

The durability and stable performance of street furniture should also be guaranteed  in  order  to  maximize  its  function,  therefore,  the  concern  of  technique including installation and maintenance is needed.
The aesthetics of street furniture is about providing pleasing, colorful and inspiring environment to the public and their urban life.
These installations secure the stable placement and avoid collapse by natural or human forces. The maintenance duty shows the level of operation and the system of government or relevant parties that manage street furniture. Street furniture is also a way to improve the environment today where most of urban forms and spatial arrangements are shaped in cities. Enhancing the identity of a city or a district can also deepen its residents’ sense of belonging and sense of recognition.
The materials are chosen to be unbreakable and tough to avoid easy breakage and damage, and slip-proof materials for pavers, stairs, and slopes are recommended to be placed around the wet area. It is highly cost efficient and environment friendly with very low energy consumption, using energy saving LED lights and little water flow for the system, recirculating always the same water while the compensation tank might be refilled with rain water.
There are different levels and ways to develop public participation, for example, public forums, special public working groups, public visit to the place of development, exhibition, discussion of design concepts, and public interviews.
It implies that the principles are equally important, and coordinate and interflow with one another. New culture and technology may influence street furniture design with the addition of new elements, whereas antiquated elements ought to be abandoned in the process of evolvement. Flexibility and freedom should be included in street furniture design to achieve the highest fulfillment of using street furniture in different ways. To make street furniture fully practical, it should be designed to provide a safe living environment and accord with urban policy and regulations of different countries.
To achieve this, some simple and reasonable additional shaping on details (without creating pressure on the production cost) can efficiently increase the aesthetic level of street furniture and make them special from one another in different places.
Careful selection of materials and installation methods can lower the consumption of resources and the frequency of maintenance to minimize operating costs.
The identity of a place should be maintained not to promote tourism but rather to preserve the spiritual and cultural continuity of its people. On the other hand, citizenship education helps to guide the public in using street furniture in an appropriate way to avoid causing human harm or damage to street furniture. People create urban landscapes and street furniture to satisfy their needs; therefore, the construction and facilities are specifically designed for urban life. Elegant street furniture also beautifies the environment and enhances the quality of the urban landscape. Some types of street furniture, such as plantings, fountains, water views and sculptures, are intended to be decorative, thus their aesthetic executions are particularly emphasized.

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