Using the latest project management tools and technology to plan, track and report progress does not ensure that effective communication is taking place. Project leaders are accountable not only for quality results but for getting those results through and with other professionals. Leaders must add value to team members in order to win commitment and get the project done. Once expectations are communicated, you need to regularly converse with teammates about progress. In discussing project progress, good communicators express thoughts with positive word choice in a way that does not back people into the proverbial corner. In Mariaa€™s situation, she neither discussed expectations with Paul, nor gave feedback along the way to ensure meeting milestones.
Adept project leaders manage communication challenges, deliberately prevent interpersonal problems, and handle them instantly when they occur. A new automotive cockpit concept from Visteon Corporation (NYSE: VC) demonstrates that futuristic-sounding advancements such as 3-D gesture recognition are closer to reality than one might imagine. The Horizon cockpit concept, which Visteon has been demonstrating to global vehicle manufacturers, blends three emerging technologies to transform the way a driver controls features such as interior temperature, audio and navigation. Gesture control – An advanced camera system maps the user’s hand to replicate a virtual hand on the center stack. Virtual touch screen – By integrating a pressure-sensitive touch pad, drivers can operate center stack controls without having to physically reach for them. Dual-layered display – High-resolution graphics present information on two separate planes, bringing only those controls with which the driver is interacting to the forefront.
Incorporating these technologies through its expertise in human-machine interaction (HMI), Visteon delivers a one-of-a-kind environment for the driver.
Prior to unveiling the Horizon cockpit for its customers, Visteon presented the concept to consumers during a research clinic. The Horizon cockpit demonstrates technologies from Visteon Electronics, a division of Visteon Corporation that delivers innovative in-vehicle user experiences through solutions in user interfaces, connectivity and open architectures.
Our targeted advertising solutions will enable you to engage your customers and prospects, wherever they are in the world. Blogger, Author, Customer Experience Fanatic, and Lean Practitioner Pete Abilla interviews leaders in Lean, Six Sigma, and Customer Experience.
The Impact on a Global Scale Green manufacturing and clean energy are getting attention on a global scale. Green manufacturing is a good idea in terms of the environment, and also for business on a global scale.
There is a serious interest and commitment to green initiatives in the global manufacturing industry.
Creating an Environment of Success Lean leadership is a valuable but sometimes elusive quality in managers. In a successful organization that inspires and grows leaders, lean leadership is practiced at all levels. The Boeing plan is to use newer and more standardized manufacturing techniques for its new 777X jetliner, paving the way for more significant savings as it gradually feeds the changes back into existing assembly lines.
With standardization in the aerospace industry being limited, this is the perfect opportunity for Boeing to take advantage of lean production. Like with any other tool in Lean Six Sigma, there are some steps you need to follow to get the most out of mistake proofing your projects. We sometimes depend on inspections conducted by workers to be fail safe for mistake proofing. The Strength of Tea in Sri Lanka The tea industry in Sri Lanka has been in place since 1867 and represents 2% of the GDP.
Experts have studied the issue and have proposed the adoption of lean management on plantations across the tea industry. The same way you apply Lean to your physical production, there is a similar sale kaizen that will apply to your strategies. A sales organization that operates with a focused Lean philosophy will benefit just as much as a manufacturing organization.
Implementing the strategies will solely depend on where the comfort level is with each methodology and the desired outcomes. Whatever your choice is, combining the methodologies into a supportive and viable team can yield dynamic results. Conversations that occur around improvement of outcomes are always better than conversations centered around Lean principles.
The next logical step once outcomes are identified is to quantify those outcomes in terms that managers understand…money! Once you have identified outcomes, quantified each outcome with potential cost savings, now it’s time to go to work.
It costs between 100% and 300% of a new hires annual salary to replace them when they quit. We hope that gave you a few things to reflect on while you take in the true impact on your organization of those numbers. The Lead with Respect model is a radically different approach that engages staff and shows them the way forward!
Teamwork – Keep the focus on the overall success and quickly break down departmental silos. Learn from Improvement Efforts – Instill and demonstrate the value of quality improvement efforts. Practicing these Lead with Respect principles will create a more open and energetic work environment. The mainstream approach to management is so deeply engrained that leaders tend to find it the most comfortable position to take. Even in your LEAN efficient organization, you may be burning profits that could be unimaginable to most. This gives significant strength to the argument that a LEAN office is an important area of focus for those seeking higher profitability and customer satisfaction. Learn to trim the waist line of the administrative offices, with the same energy and focus as your manufacturing shop floor. The term 5S is an abbreviated reference to five Japanese words that control workplace organization and housekeeping.
Organization – Needed items must have a quick and accessible place at the work station. Discipline – Rules must be clearly communicated and strict accountability must be held.
The 5S system is a great place to start for all improvement efforts across a business platform.
Mark Graban is the person we look to for setting the highest standard and example in Lean for Healthcare.
His strength, knowledge and expertise has allowed Mark to become an award winning author, consultant and keynote speaker. There are more questions involved obviously, but this is a great starting point to ensure you have a value stream map that is actionable.
Show Respect: Engage the hearts and minds of the people by showing respect, relying on them, developing and challenging them. Follow up with individuals offering key insights or questions to keep the engagement going. How many times have you heard those statements or, something very close, in your organization when it comes to making a change? Once word traveled through the organization, the ground swell of resistance quickly grew and opposition quickly grew.
Unfortunately, this scenario plays out every day across all industries, within numerous organizations – even with organizations that profess to employ improvement methodologies like Six Sigma. Implementing an improvement methodology such as Six Sigma requires buy-in and full support of senior leaders.
This is a simplistic analogy, but one that cuts very close to the bone of organizations daily. Six Sigma – A focus on reducing variation and achieving uniform process, resulting in less waste, less throughput waste and less inventory.
Lean – A focus on waste and flow time results in less variation, uniform output and less inventory. Theory of Constraints (TOC) – A focus on constraints and increased throughput results in less inventory. Although the belief is there is commonality with the methodologies, the fact is they are distinct processes that achieve unique results through their application.
The first step in this process is to identify the primary theory that works best for your business and the one that will be quickly accepted within the culture. Six Sigma – If you focus on reducing variation, then you will have a more uniform process.
Deciding which methodology will work best for your organization begins with understanding the organizational culture and values. Ultimately, there are many factors involved in choosing a methodology, but these core considerations should be your driving focus. In a hospital or healthcare facility, this question creates a great deal of concern across all levels of the organization.
Recently, a Lean Six Sigma program by The Joint Commission was implemented across a group of eight random hospitals in the US. The result was that each individual organization had areas of performance improvement, but left a wide ranging of negative variances unaddressed. After a thorough exercise of the Lean Six Sigma process, the eight hospital groups reported a 70.5% improvement in hand hygiene compliance, which was sustained over an 11 month period. The study also clearly shows that a Lean Six Sigma process is the most effective approach to resolving issues in healthcare organizations. How to Engage Employees in Lean is a question that is asked by many lean leaders and lean practitioners. DESCRIPTION: The Cotton Tiberius is the richly illuminated 11th century manuscript in the Cotton collection of the British Library and contains one of the oldest and most excellent world maps. In its presentation of the world as a whole, this map adopts a roughly square form measuring 21x17 cm, and in this one respect it recalls some of the less desirable aspects of examples of the Beatus Ashburnham derivative Book IIA, #207). The marvels promised by the inscription above the poem are represented on the map by the Cinocephales (dog-heads), the gens Griphorum (a conflation of griffins and people), Gog and Magog, the burning mountain and the mountain of gold, the last two located in remote corners of Asia.
In geographical content, it does follow the medieval European convention of orientation with East at the top and somewhat centered on Jerusalem.
Of purely inland geography, unconnected with the coast, there is not much in the European region of this map: the Huns, Dalmatia, Dardania, Histria, and Tracia, all circling around Pannonia. However, this is apparently the first map to add to the knowledge of Ptolemy with regards to northwestern Europe. Greece the name Macedonia seems to be written over Morea; Athens and Attica are widely separated.
It is sometimes claimed that the association of Armenia with Mount Ararat and Noaha€™s Ark appeared on maps only after the First Crusade. In the map mountains are shown green; red is used for the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, as well as the Nile and some other rivers. This is one of the few medieval maps that shows divisions of provinces and countries, indicated by straight lines, though the general T-O shape is still preserved by the dominant body of the Mediterranean, here filled with a multitude of islands, complemented by the Nilus in Africa and Tanais [Don] at the center left of the map, with its source in the green mountain. In Asia there is much more inland geography, chiefly connected with the Twelve Tribes and Biblical history. A lost Roman province map may have been the source of the divisions so clearly marked in Asia Minor, in Central and Southeastern Europe, and in North Africa. There are several names and features which show striking independence of any other known map authority of the earlier Middle Ages. The comparative excellence of the Cottoniana is perhaps due to its being the production of an Irish scholar-monk living in the household of the learned and traveled Archbishop Sigeric of Canterbury (992-994), with whose Itinerary, from Rome to the English Channel, the present design has several curious resemblances. Considering the 11th century Anglo-Saxon mappamundi, the oldest such English map surviving, as a form of a virtual world more analogous to a digital environment than physical geography can reveal much about this famous mapa€™s cultural mechanics and meaning. In past discussions, the cultures of medieval worlds such as Anglo-Saxon England have been understood to lack the veneer of ideological unity that comes with later examples of more modern and overtly ratiocinated expressions of national identity. The Cotton Map certainly appears to fulfill Gellnera€™s formula: it contains, on the whole, a rather fractured and jumbled version of the known world, crossed by lines and marked by inscriptions drawn from a skein of classical, Christian, legendary and local traditions of cartography, and, on the face of it, refuses a€?a single continuous, logical spacea€™. However, the Cottoniana map also encodes a certain cultural unease with this represented and sacral order, a discomfort revealed by how the mapa€™s virtual nature allows what is edge and what is center to fluctuate over its surface, and how this fluctuation articulates an Anglo-Saxon challenge to its homelanda€™s traditional place in the geographical order of the world. In addition, Melaa€™s use of finibus for a€?landa€™ may also contain a further joke at the expense of Britaina€™s remoteness; finis commonly carries connotations of limits, ends or borders.
Three hundred years later, the Roman historian Solinus repeats this sentiment, noting that for all practical purposes, the coastline of Gaul stood as the edge of the known world, while Britain represented a land beyond the periphery a€“ paene orbis alterius [a€?almost an other worlda€™]. As Nicholas Howe has recently argued, native writersa€™ positioning Brittania in the north-west demonstrates the historical influence of the Roman vantage point, but, in the shift from imperial Rome to medieval Rome, this distantiated perspective assumes Christian as well as geographical significance. The Cotton Map makes a sure statement of the Anglo-Saxon geo-historical paradox: a major part of Anglo-Saxon identity is particularly rooted in Christian authority, whether shaped by fears of pagan conquest or a desire to prove ethnic superiority by converting others, but this ideology historically has in turn viewed England, literally, as the edge of nowhere.
From a literary, if not literal standpoint, then, the Cottoniana map remains centered on its inheritance of Roman geography. Again, one of the most striking features of the Cottoniana map is that, unlike most other mappaemundi, its shape is rectangular rather than round. Fitting the world to the world of the page also allows the mapmaker more space in the lower left-hand corner to depict a€?the angle of Englanda€™; as Howe has demonstrated, the doubled meaning of a€?anglea€™ and a€?Anglea€™ was not unknown in contemporary descriptions of Anglo-Saxon England.
Not surprisingly, the British Isles are rather well represented in the map a€“ the one cartographic detail that has occasioned critical comment in the past. Less discussed, however, is the mapa€™s use of water to relate England to the rest of the world. Since the center of the Cottoniana mapa€™s world presents the general impression of empty space, rather than of a loci medii, the center of Europe likewise appears largely vacant, prompting Patrick McGurk to hazard that the confused jumble of regions and tribes thrown into Central Europe represents the attempt to break up a€?the largest blank area in the mapa€™. In classical and early medieval definitions of Britannia, the territory was long defined as a cosmographic and cultural a€?othera€? to continental lands. What remains most startling about the mapa€™s treatment of Europe, though, is the sole inscription allowed to border England, sudbryttas, presumably meant to represent Brittany. Rejecting classical Otherness, the map denies the geography of the pre- and early Anglo-Saxon literary history that was invested with what Homi Bhabha has termed a€?colonial mimicrya€™ a€“ the desire of the colonized to present itself as a€?a reformed, recognizable othera€™. The Scandinavian elements of the Cottoniana map are not surprising, of course, given the sustained presence and development of Anglo-Scandinavian culture in the second half of Anglo-Saxon Englanda€™s history.
Such classical revisionism is an arguable reading, of course, but like the Cottoniana map, the interpolations in the Old English Orosius also present a cultural perspective that centers Anglo-Saxon England, and offers up other regions to be marginalized in its place. In addition, though these pagan insertions do qualify the original intent of Orosius, Stephen Harris has argued that other Old English alterations to Orosiusa€™ history do not refute Christianity, but rather present a€?a sense of Germanic community [that] shapes the Latin into an Old English story of the origins of Christendoma€™. The Old English Orosius, in effect, de-centers Rome from a distinctly Roman history of the world.
In the 11th century a€?real timea€™ of the Cottoniana map, the imperial glory of Rome is no more real than that of Babylon. The Cottoniana map has not been dated more surely than the first half of the 11th century, and possibly may be even slightly later; see McGurk and Dumville, pp. The 'Anglo-Saxon world map' contains the earliest known, relatively realistic depiction of the British Isles.
Foys, M., a€?The Virtual Reality of the Anglo-Saxon Mappamundia€?, Literature Compass 1, 2003.
In geographical content, it does follow the medieval European convention of orientation with East at the top and somewhat centered on Jerusalem.A  The bulbous projection of land on the coast, north of Jerusalem, is perhaps meant for Carmel. Most of the time, there will be 3-axis accelerometer, 3-axis gyroscope and 3-axis magnetometer inside the IMU.
This video from MotionNode below provides short and easy-to-understand video on how IMU works.
The data collected from the IMU’s sensors will allow the computer to track the controller or the device position. What is the Difference Between VR (Virtual Reality), AR (Augmented Reality) & MR (Mixed Reality)? Whether the project leader is managing huge global projects or work of a smaller scope, good communication is integral to building commitment, maximizing productivity, and achieving value-added results.
The point is to make a commitment to yourself to build bridges with people and manage communication. Simultaneously, you must manage timelines, changes in direction, scope creep, budget constraints, and global needs.
Managing communication includes stating clear project purpose, deliverables and expectationsa€”including level of authority the teammates will exercise. Recently, a project manager who works remotely said that his senior manager talks to the employees one time a year. Virtual teams make communication more complex so the need to talk is even greater than when you can meet in person. To get results through others, project leaders need to decide to build relationships and help others succeed. Horizon drivers can then easily operate certain vehicle controls simply by moving their hand or just a finger, without making contact with the instrument cluster.
The driver can virtually “push” through the graphics on the first pane to access the second. Seventy percent of participating consumers showed a strong interest in a virtual volume knob in their next vehicle, stating that it was easier and more convenient than searching for a traditional volume knob. Our news, analysis, research and data have been informing the decisions of auto industry stakeholders, including all of the world’s major vehicle manufacturers, since 1992. He interviews leaders in their respective fields and through these informal discussions we learn insights that you can apply immediately to your work today.
Even though new environmental regulations are cropping up around the globe, leading companies are very focused on taking the initiative.
Yes, managers and leaders can completely miss having the necessary skills and still maintain their positions. Organizations that create true leaders understand that to survive and prosper we must improve, and to improve we must change. As competition heats up between two aerospace giants, Boeing and Airbus, Boeing is looking at every opportunity to produce their new 777X as the most cost effective and highest quality aircraft in production.
This approach will draw significantly on lean production lessons learned from outside the aerospace industry.

While this does have some validity, humans are flawed and naturally prone to errors, even to the smallest degree.
When you measure productivity in the industry, plantation workers are plucking an average of 18kgs a day.
These studies have clearly shown that a Lean approach to the industry will bring resolution to the endless labor disputes, reduce the lack of productivity, and boost quality across the board.
Even though the philosophy is geared to the manufacturing process, it has immense flexibility across all sectors and logically should fit with your sales operations.
Lean brings to the table efficiencies along with a deep understanding of customer needs and desires. Lean tools include the 5S system of workplace organization, standard work, one-piece flow, quick change-over, pull systems and total productive maintenance. Lean is a mindset and comes from the heart, based on desires to change to improve outcomes.
Agree upon one outcome that can be addressed with Lean thinking and principles of the practice.
The concept is made up of these elements: Go and See, Challenge, Listen, Teach, Support, Teamwork and Learn. These operations are continually looking for ways to remain efficient, effective and profitable.
If you understand that that well over 50% of operating expenses are in labor and that 60%-80% of the costs of completing an order are administrative, you might be getting the hint of where to start. Efficiencies with the administrative team can create a profitability never before imagined in manufacturing.
The tool positively affects and influences every part of the process and worker performance. The 5S Tool is especially attractive to older manufacturing facilities who are seeking to make significant improvements in quality. His book Lean Hospitals: Improving Quality, Patient Safety and Employee Engagement will have its third edition released this year and earlier editions have been translated into eight different languages.
As a certified facilitator of this interactive program called ExperienceChange, Mark is able to take executives, managers and change agents in healthcare and have them experience a year of organizational change in a one day session. It is intended to analyze the current state, and design a future state, for a series of events that take a product from beginning to end. The value stream map is a representation of the flow, from supply to customer, through your organization as well as the flow of information.
Understanding the principles, usage and creation is an important skill that practitioners should master. By taking action, you are showing respect to the people and demonstrating that your conversations were meaningful. The change was carefully analyzed by every expert in the organization and the rewards clearly outweighed the downside. Leaders met with staff and heard their concerns, then regrouped to understand the challenges. Typically, these leaders must understand that the process will initially be disruptive, as it will take people into the uncharted waters of change.
Everyone in the organization should be familiarized with the methodology and the outcomes expected. Be encouraged that change is positive for your business and an improvement methodology like Six Sigma can make significant improvements across the organizations. It is important to understand the methodology and which theory will be accepted in the individual corporate culture.
First we need to understand the primary theory of the methodology, then understand the primary theory of the tools and methodology. However, the reality is that each methodology begins their journey from different perspectives, crossing commonality in the middle and ending with different results.
If your organization values analytical studies and data, then Six Sigma may be the best fit. Research clearly shows that improvement of hand hygiene programs in hospitals reduces patient infection rates. The purpose was to assess the cause(s) of hand hygiene non-compliance and to drive improvement across the organizations.
Called the Cottoniana or Anglo-Saxon map, it dates from 995-1050, just before the Norman Conquest, and does not appear to belong to any one of the identifiable a€?familiesa€? of medieval maps, as described by M.C.
However, though of small size, it is one of the most unique of all medieval world-pictures. At the top left, behind the Lion we see the Taurus Montes, where the Tigris and Euphrates have their sources. One reads Mons Albanorum [Albanian Mountains, possibly the Caucasus] and the other is regio Colchorum, the region of Colchis, located northeast of the Black Sea.
As not merely a measurement, but as a creation of the world known to Anglo-Saxon England, this mappamundi charts a number of struggles between the two realities of Englanda€™s marginal locus in the historical record of the known physical world, and of the Anglo-Saxon impulse to re-center the world on their own island. Ernest Gellner, for instance, uses explicitly spatial figures to describe such conflicting realities; for Gellner, a€?pre-modern and pre-rationala€™ visions of the world lack a€?a single continuous logical spacea€™, and instead consist of a€?multiple, not properly united, but hierarchically related sub-worldsa€™, and a€?special privileged facts, sacralized and exempt from ordinary treatmenta€™.
Anglo-Saxon writers inherited a long historical tradition of Britaina€™s peripheral status as a remote corner of the world. The people of Britain, therefore, were rich only in livestock and their own place on the margins. Such views continue through early medieval writers such as Isidore, and early native writers remained substantially invested in such views of their home. In Gildas, one finds a striking example of spiritual calibration, as the historian initially refers to the island as divina statera [in the divine scales] and then describes the conversion of Brittania as the suna€™s warming of glaciali frigore rigenti insulae et velut longiore terrarum secessu soli visibili non proximae [an island frozen with lifeless ice and quite remote from the visible sun a€“ recessed from the world].
At least on the surface, English cosmography does not, in the words of one commentator, a€?develop strategies for recuperating auctoritasa€™ until well into the 13th century. However, it is not uncommon for critics to assume that, as a mappamundi, the map also theo-graphically depicts Jerusalem as its physical center. Church writers long agreed that the earth was spherical, but also had a tough job reconciling the circular form of the earth and the scriptural concept of the worlda€™s four corners. Cornering the world, though, also adds space that the Anglo-Saxon artist did not know quite how to accommodate.
The coastline and shape of the islands are pretty particular for the time; they contain icons of three named cities (London, Winchester and Armagh), and a number of delineated regions, including named regions for Ireland (Hibernia) and Scotland (Camri). In keeping with classical convention, the map circumscribes the earth with a grey wash of ocean that in effect presents a third frame inside the double-lined border and then the manuscript page. In Europe, notably, major cities appear only on its periphery: Constantinople in the east, and Rome and a number of other Italian cities in the south.
In his Etymologies, Isidore of Seville, in language closely matching Orosius, explains that Britain is an island within sight of Spain, but literally opposite Gaul: Brittania Oceani insula . The very form of the inscription reveals much about the Anglo-Saxon attitudes behind it; sudbryttas contains a unique use of the Anglo-Saxon a€?A?a€?, one of the only distinctively Old English characters in the text of the map. Instead, the version of the Anglo-Saxon world celebrates the origin of Anglo-Saxon culture, and in turn highlights northern, not southern continental connections. Accordingly, these elements compare to substantially older examples of Anglo-Saxon literature. Harrisa€™ chief example of this reshaping, namely how the Old English version substantively alters the Goth sacking of Rome, holds particular interest with regard to the discussion of the Cottoniana map. In a similar manner, the Cottoniana map shifts the focus away from two traditional centers of the spiritual and geographic worlds on whose margins Anglo-Saxon England existed. As a virtual world, its temporal aspects are no more rooted in the primary world than are its spatial aspects.
It was created, probably at Canterbury, between 1025 and 1050 but is probably ultimately based on a model dating from Roman times.
Nevertheless the British Isles (bottom left) are immediately recognizable and the Orkneys, the Scillies, the Channel Islands and the isles of Man and of Wight are shown. Edson, a€?The oldest world maps: classical sources of three VIIIth century mappaemundia€?, The Ancient World, 24, 1993, pp.
Although it is small, but it is able to contain the combination of accelerometer, gyroscope and magnetometer.
It is used to measure angular velocity and detect changes in rotational attributes which are roll, pitch and yaw. This can tempt you to lean heavily on project management tools instead of on interpersonal communication.
Feedback lets the team members know they are on track or that they need to redirect their efforts. If a team is remote, perhaps even on other continents, the principles of communication remain the same.
However, you can manage this communication challenge by using web or video conferencing so that people can see each other.
People will go the extra mile for you if they know you have their professional success, as well as the project success, in mind. The touch pad can be implemented with any soft material, such as leather or cloth, allowing flexibility for its location. Some develop these skills through experience and education, but still miss that key element that makes them great. When these leaders possess and practice the five characteristics listed above, change occurs at a much higher rate, with a significant increase in quality. It will also provide Boeing the opportunity to significantly impact other production lines. The business has been managed (ruled) under the age old feudal work structure that has been in place since the inception of the industry. Because of the financial distress to the plantations and the government, all parties seem to be open to implementation of a lean management system.
Individual effort is important to the equation, but individual effort must be focused on the common goal or outcome. Others may choose to use Six Sigma first as they wish to gain control of specific processes. Six Sigma utilizes DMAIC along with other tools, such as Histograms, Pareto charts, the 5 Why’s, along with Fishbone diagrams to achieve specific results.
Start the meeting by getting an understanding of exactly what outcomes in the organization they would like to see changed and improved. Your manager may want to argue Lean principles, but they are woefully hesitant to argue against saving money, especially when those costs savings could significantly boost the bottom line.
It has been trending for years, and organizations continue to hide from the real issues or paste over them by throwing around money and promotions to appease the staff.
Understand that the true mission of a leader is to completely satisfy the customer, and to do that all your available resources must be onboard and working in complete harmony with each other. The real question is: when was the last time you took a look at your administrative offices? Well, behind those doors over there could be significant opportunity, which remains largely ignored. Administrative activities take place behind the scenes, but impact your bottom line far more that you can imagine. It is understood with 5S, you will never see a plant that runs well being dirty and disorganized. So, when we refer to setting the standard for Lean Quality in Healthcare, one person comes to mind immediately.
Through years of hard work, professional development and educational achievement, Mark has tirelessly forged his craft and become a master or expertise in his practice. It also has supporting methods to analyze and design flow at the system level, across multiple platforms. This enables you to see at a glance where the delays are in your process, any restraints and excessive.
The only objections that could be identified were simply related to change, both in process and culture. Leaders must have 100% commitment to the process and ensure that it is clearly communicated.
Leaders must be champions of Six Sigma and staff must find ways to embrace change for the good of the organization. So many refer to these methodologies as Six Sigma, when in fact, Six Sigma is actually a methodology of improvement. If your organization values immediate change with visual results, then Lean may be the best choice.
History also shows that efforts to improve hand hygiene compliance have been difficult to implement and sustain. The program identified 24 different causes of non-compliance across the eight organizations.
The hand hygiene compliance issue was addressed at each individual facility by the Lean Six Sigma team. This resistance is typically based on the practice of healing as a science, and the practitioners demand extensive scientific data to address issues, even when change is required. 995, some 100 years before the First Crusade, Mont Ararat and Noaha€™s Ark are shown, firmly placed in the territory of Armenia.
Below the range is the legend Montes Armenia, which describes the twin Peaks of Mount Ararat; here shown sideways, with the three-storey Arca Noe [Noaha€™s Ark] perched on top.
Hiberia [Iberia] is shown south of Montes Armenie, between the two rivers rising form the Armenian plateau and Taurus, in the territory of Mesopotamia. Flowing eastward from Upper Egypt, it turns west and somehow disappears underground to emerge further down and continue its flow towards Alexandria and the Mediterranean Sea. The Cottonian map places Gog and Magog hard by the northern ocean, west of the Caspian Sea and the Ten Lost Tribes appear in the Middle East.
Rome and Jerusalem appear prominently a€“ with its six towers Rome is one of the two largest cities shown (along with the historically massive Babylon), biblical lands occupy the center band of the map, marked by straight, confident lines, holy waterways are distinctively colored in bright red, and a paradisiacally described island occupies the top centre of the map. In the first century, the Roman geographer Pomponius Mela described the inhabitants of the island as inculti omnes and ita magnis aliarum opum ignari [a€?all uncivilizeda€™ and a€?moreover ignorant of a great many other thingsa€™]. If, as Orosius describes in Historiae adversum Paganos, world history did move from East to West, then readers of his Anglo-Saxon translation could easily have found themselves on the very edge of one of feower endum pyses midangeardes a€“ at the edge of the physical world and at the end of the processes of history and salvation.
In its depiction of England, however, the Cottoniana map anticipates later strategies for transforming the cosmographical auctoritas of the Anglo-Saxon homeland, and pushed back against the traditions that have relegated it to the edge.
Harley has observed the widespread practice that a€?societies place their own territories at the center of their cosmographies or world mapsa€™, but a quick glance at the Cotton map confirms that it does not, on the page, center Anglo-Saxon England. Jerusalem has a long scriptural and exegetic tradition (including Anglo-Saxon writers such as Bede) as the exact center of the earth, and appears as the precise center of a number of famous mappaemundi, most notably the Hereford (#226), Ebstorf (#224), Psalter (#223) and Higden (#232) maps. In mappaemundi, the usual solution consisted of placing a spherical map inside a square, and filling these a€?cornersa€™ with iconographically suitable adornment. Consequently, Eastern Europe and Asia Minor expand considerably, creating vast empty spaces that in turn push Constantinople further north than it is normally found on medieval maps and, likewise, Jerusalem further south.
Unlike any other mappaemundi, though, water similarly frames the British Isles, in effect creating the same representation of the world in microcosm.
In sharp contrast, the broad strip of Western Europe that borders England is remarkably devoid of any inscription or detail. The literal meaning of the inscription, a€?south Britaina€™, assumes a somewhat colonialist attitude towards Brittany, and onomastically centers the perspective of the region squarely on England. In contrast to its treatment of Western Europe, the Cottoniana map lavishes attention on the Scandinavian north, and provides seven names for the area (mostly absent from Orosius), including names for tribes in Norway, Finland, and possibly Iceland. The cumulative effect of all these Scandinavian a€“ or reputedly Scandinavian a€“ references recall the famous interpolation of the voyages of Ohthere and Wulfstan in the Alfredian Old English translation of Orosius.
The Old English rewriting of the sack of Rome carefully excises from the original text any emphasis on the political power and spiritual centrality of Rome.
We have seen how the physical world of the map literally de-centers Jerusalem a€“ a position it will not manifest for centuries in English mappaemundi a€“ while likewise marginalizing the effect of Rome upon England. This is the main component in the inertial navigation systems which are used in aircraft, watercraft, spacecraft and even guided missiles.
MEMS stands for Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems or simply known as micro machines or micro systems technology. Paul works in the same location as she does and had been in the meeting with senior management when timelines were agreed upon.
It is equally important to discuss the meaning of the expectations to ensure common understanding. Collaborative project leaders also seek feedback since everyone shares the common goal of delivering value via the best project outcomes. This project manager said the senior manager is unaware that the lack of communication causes any problems and discontent among staff. These same companies are finding that the Internet of Things (IoT) with connectivity, software improvements and innovative devices are becoming valuable tools in improving green manufacturing. Then there are the few that leadership is a natural skill that is simply multiplied through education and experience. Change is in fact the cornerstone of the lean practitioner, and lean leadership is at the forefront of that energy. Automation will not accept a defect in the process, or create a defect in the process, or allow a defect to be passed to the next process. Turmoil has shaken the industry in the past few years with protracted labor disputes and significantly reduced productivity. The problems of the industry clearly can be addressed and resolved through the use of lean management. Having a manager that is well-respected, energetic and eager to apply a lean approach to business is the perfect combination that will make employees less apprehensive and more interested.
When you understand the customer, then you can efficiently tailor a process that exceeds expectations and creates a better environment for closing the sale. Without everyone working towards the same goal, with the same focus and energy, the desired results will always be elusive. These tools create a powerful, results driven focus in an organization and will inspire energized teamwork throughout. You have been spending weeks prior to this meeting rehearsing the concepts, practicing every conceivable objection and compiling reams of data.
Use your Lean practice and thinking to get demonstrated results and quantify those results financially.
Unfortunately, the failure of those efforts are starting to hit home with organizations and leaders.

Finding that ideal sense of purpose is not impossible, but it all starts with you, the leader.
Can you say, with confidence, that your administrative offices are run with the same efficiency as your manufacturing floor? The decision-making process usually comes from a dialogue about standardization, which builds understanding among employees of how they should do the work.
His educational achievements include a BS in Industrial Engineering from Northwestern University, an MS in Mechanical Engineering and an MBA from MIT.
Understanding that the method is primarily associated with manufacturing, it can also be applied in all service related industries, supply chain, logistics and healthcare industries, to name a few. The current state map is the first step in working towards your ideal state for your organization. Kanban systems could be utilized to remove the need for planning and scheduling as well as many other ideas that could be considered.
It is intended to move leaders from the office or behind the computer out to where the action is, where the work is done. The C-Suite was fully behind the change and it was announced at staff meetings across the organization. But, because of the volume of the adversity, the decision was quickly made because it wasn’t worth rocking the boat. Leadership needs to be in a position to engage in very frank and open communication to ensure concerns are addressed while ensuring their focus is clear. However, when you understand improvement methodologies, you will find that there are three different and unique improvement methodologies, only one of which is Six Sigma. Barriers that inhibit the proper implementation of effective hand hygiene programs have readily been identified.
Each individual organization had elements of the 24 causes identified, but no one organization had all 24 causes in an individual facility. These same practitioners also do not warmly embrace change, and feel that old methods are what is the comfortable method. Below the Ark the legend Armenia can be seen, although somewhat masked by the print bleeding through. In addition, there are a number of unlabelled provinces, rivers and islands, leading one to surmise that this map was copied from a larger and more detailed map. England, in the meantime, occupies the lower left corner of the map, its cities tiny and its terrain free of the distinctive straight lines that dominate the center strip of the Holy Land. Mela correlates the ignorance of Britain to the islanda€™s extreme distance from Rome and the Continent, and rounds out his description by noting that the British pecore ac finibus dites [a€?are rich only in cattle and landa€™].
The Orosian a€?four ends of this eartha€™ also recall the common scriptural phrase a€?the four corners of the eartha€™, a phrase translated directly (feowerum foldan sceatum) or alluded to many times in Old English literature.
The edge of geographic knowledge, Mary Campbell reminds us, can be a location charged with a€?moral significancea€™ and even a€?divine dangerousnessa€™. Importantly, though, the Cotton map should be considered as centered on Jerusalem in only the loosest sense of the term, since the map locates the city slightly down (west) and far to the right of center. The Cottoniana map, in contrast, has the look of a round map that has been deliberately stretched to fit the dimensions of the manuscript page.
In comparison to later mappaemundi, such a choice actually de-emphasizes the center as it creates room in the corners. One city in the southwest lacks an inscription, perhaps an indication of the provenance of the map or mapmaker. In the formal elements of the map, the curve of the Channel and North Sea echo the form of Mediterranean and Black Seas, which clearly demarcate Europe from the rest of the world.
Unlike the mappaemundi closest in time to it, the Cottoniana map completely ignores lower Germany and France, and from what appears to be Jutland to the Pyrenees mountains, the map includes exactly one inscription: sudbryttas (discussed below).
Such an attitude also references one of the first major cultural events of post-Roman Britain, namely the victory of Anglo-Saxon invaders over native Britain, and the subsequent late 5th century settlement of Bretons in southern Gaul. The one inscription from Orosius retained in this area, Daria (Dacia) ubi et Gothia, only intensifies the Cottoniana mapa€™s regard for the Nordic. Traditionally, the interpolation of allegedly firsthand accounts of explorations of Scandinavia and the Baltic region into Orosiusa€™ classical geography is viewed as a natural extension of ninth century Englanda€™s connection and interest in things Scandinavian. Instead, the Anglo-Saxon version uses the occasion of the sacking of Rome to manifest a distinctly Germanic notion of Christendom and kingship, one which a€?permits vernacular access to and Anglo-Saxon identification with an order of identity that has left the senate and people of Rome far behinda€™.
For Anglo-Saxon England, Rome meant many things, and the map should be understood as embodying all of them: the past imperial power, responsible for the historical view of England, as well as a present fallen one, and the present spiritual center of Christian belief. However, the editors also consider, tentatively, the possibility that some of the script of the map is of a slightly later date, and possibly as late as the early 12th century.
London, the Saxon capital of Winchester and Dublin are indicated using Roman-style town symbols. Yet the map, itself a product of late Anglo-Saxon culture, appears to practically embrace the traditional marginalization of England.
Now, the usage has been extended to other consumer applications such as motion capture system, gaming, VFX, screen rotation, gesture recognition and navigation.
This may take back and forth conversation and asking people to paraphrase what they think you mean. He may swallow it down in silence and then act out his resentment in a way that stalls the project. Take the initiative and make it a communication goal to talk at least weekly with each of your teammates. Project managers need to manage communication upwards with their bosses in order to reach the best outcome and provide for their teama€™s needs. All of these efforts to improve clean energy and climate change have a direct impact on manufacturing. These new devices and their connectivity are proving to be efficient and effective in their quality improvement initiatives. Adisho was previously with Toyota, where he oversaw manufacturing at their plant in Kentucky. This is a method at the disposal of Lean Six Sigma practitioners to reduce and eliminate errors in process and procedures. As with any other process, you must consider the cost of implementing poka-yoke mistake proofing methods. These factors has shaken the financial stability of the government, and change has been called for. When the plantation managers have a clear understanding of the challenges truly faced by the workers, and the workers clearly understand the need of the plantation managers, life could be revived in the industry. Customers will organically become more loyal, and you will also attract new business that was hidden before by a clumsy process.
Mark’s professional resume includes work in several industries, including automotive, technology and industrial products, along with healthcare. You can plan to achieve your shared vision of where the process needs to be; the simplest way to do this is to plan a series of improvements and use your value stream map to communicate what you want to do. As staff become more comfortable with the methodology, Leadership must stay focused on communicating support and vision for success.
The challenge in selection is to use whatever methodology that helps your organization improve. The first understanding gained during the process was that each individual hospital had implemented processes to correct hand hygiene compliance without properly understanding the underlying causes of the problem. Leadership of these organizations understand the importance of change, and are willing to change, but are not willing to battle with clinicians and practitioners to implement new processes.
Living on the edge, as it were, Anglo-Saxons felt the danger of their borders keenly throughout their history. Recent commentators have noted that most early medieval world maps actually do not center Jerusalem, and that this convention probably derives from the later political context of the Crusadesa€™ quests for the Holy City.
The map, while retaining some suggestive quality of roundness, definitely has corners, in marked contrast to the traditional circular format of such maps, including later and more elaborate English mappaemundi, where the British Isles end up compressed, squashed, really, into the curvature of the border. In the Cottoniana map, the physical center of the world appears rather sparse, consisting of mostly empty sections of lower Syria and the eastern Mediterranean. Looking at the map in this fashion, one can then see a succession of three nested identical L-shaped frames, which draw the eye of the viewer from the whole world, to Europe, and then finally, to England.
Thus with reference to the area of classical Gaul, or contemporary France, Normandy, Flanders, Maine and Burgundy, the map chooses to depict a period both after the fall of Rome, and before the rise of Western European political states that would by the middle of the 11th century definitively end Anglo-Saxon power.
McGurk notes that the map pulls Dacia considerably out of position; Orosius places Dacia et Gothia in the middle of Eastern Europe, between the territories of Alania and Germania, while the Cottoniana map moves Dacia et Gothia much further north. Sealy Gilles, for instance, claims that in the Alfredian additions, the Anglo-Saxon Wulfstana€™s account of pagan customs persisting on the margins of European Christendom is reminiscent of the ancient customs of the English themselves.
Italy alone contains seven cities, including Rome a€“ more than any other region on the map a€“ and the end result is a mass of iconographic power pointing at this imperial and spiritual seat. Similarly, the map produces many Englands: the past, Othered colony of Roman conquest and then missionaries, the present geographic island, and, most importantly, the desired stable political entity in the process of moving in from the edge of the world and assuming a centric role in, at the very least, a larger corner of Europe. Conversely, McGurk and Dumville also consider that this script may also be the work of the manuscripta€™s main scribe (p. New information was added but at each stage errors and misunderstandings occurred in the copying process.
The size of the Cornish peninsula is exaggerated, probably reflecting the importance of its copper and tin mines in the ancient world.
While Anglo-Saxon England possessed a coherent national identity since at least the ninth century, this 11th century depiction refers to the island by its Roman name, Brittania, rather than the more contemporary Angelcynn.
Recent commentators have noted that most early medieval world maps actually do not center Jerusalem, and that this convention probably derives from the later political context of the Crusadesa€™ quests for the Holy City.A  It is tempting, however, to also consider the de-centering of Jerusalem in the Cottoniana map as a function of the mapa€™s own textual convention, and the way it responds to and ultimately rejects notions of Englanda€™s marginalized state. In a virtual reality system, sometimes it will be used inside the controller to perform the motion tracking, sensing and capturing capabilities. If you think you dona€™t have time to talk, consider the consequences of having to take time to clean up missed deadlines or quality of work that is off target.
Communicating up is similar to communicating with anyone else at worka€”thoughts need to be expressed in a way that shows a desire to work well together to achieve the highest productivity and value-add to the organization. Pauses in the conversation indicate you may need to ask questions to tease out their concerns or opinions. Whether it is a reduction in auto emission standards or clean energy efforts, manufacturing will be at the forefront of the initiatives. The connectivity created by the industrial Internet makes it easier to track resource consumption.
However, we do know that if we create the proper environment, provide educational opportunities and expose people to the proper experiences, leaders naturally float to the top. In previous wage agreements, pluckers have been given wage increases, which improved their personal standard of living.
Sales is all about being in perfect harmony with customers, and a Lean sale philosophy can and will deliver! Lean is an important complement to Six Sigma and fits well within the Six Sigma DMAIC process. However, your boss has clearly indicated that they are skeptical and tells you it’s going to be a hard sell to win the day. With these specifics identified, go into the Gemba Walk with focus, intent and respect for the people.
For some, Six Sigma will feel like SWAT teams, swooping in and raiding departments within the organization, causing significant disruption.
Organizations who are finding significant success in healthcare have embraced and accepted Lean Six Sigma programs, with leadership and practitioners being in agreement.
Further down we see a second range of mountains also named Taurus, the continuation of the remaining section of the same range, continued with a break.
The time of the Cottoniana map was no different, as the Anglo-Saxon state began the 11th century unsuccessfully fighting off one set of invasions, and did not last the century fighting off a second set; but from at least the time of King Alfred, as the Anglo-Saxon state was formed, it also coalesced around a cultural center other than Rome or Jerusalem. Each of the corners, by contrast, is distinguished and distinct: the separate landmass of the British Isles in the northwest, the giant drawing of the lion in the northeast, and the fiery waters and mountains of the southern corners. In this scheme, Britain itself then maps its own marginality on to Ireland, which ends up inside a fourth L-shaped frame of water northwest of Britain a€“ a move that to a degree displaces Brittania as one of feowerum foldan sceatum, and brings England further in from the edge. But the blankness of this area can provide two functions: first, it reinforces the mapa€™s accentuation of England by providing another curving blank space, this time of land, to frame the British Isles.
Bede echoes this sentiment, noting that in relation to Spain, Gaul and Germany, or a€?greater Europea€™ (maximis Europae) Britain stands a€?at a great distance against thema€™ (multo interuallo aduersa). In this sense, the mappamundi eerily refuses to recognize the very regions that will directly enable the Norman Conquest of Anglo- Saxon England, only decades (perhaps less) after the map was made. At the same time, however, the Cottoniana map enacts a strategy similar to that found in the Old English Orosius, and emphasizes the Anglo-Saxon world even as it works within a distinctly Roman source.
In the a€?big picturea€™ of the mappamundi, England appears literally as one of the feowerum foldan sceatum, tucked far away from the center of the map, with only Ireland and Tylen, or ultimate Thule, closer to the physical corner of the manuscript page. Unfortunately, some of these initiatives have fallen short or lack support on a global scale.
When companies are reducing waste and energy in their manufacturing processes, they gain a significant awareness of the importance of green manufacturing. However, much to the dismay of management, pluckers continued to be frustrated in their work, and absenteeism and attendance continued to decline.
Before you know it, successful outcomes will transform themselves into Lean successes without a heated debate of principles. And even as the Cotton map acknowledges the liminal world that is the origin of the Angelcynn, it also promotes their geographic desires and anxieties that England, ultimately, should also be a center, not a corner, of the world. Second, the mapa€™s omission of Englanda€™s closest continental neighbors might not only reveal an eagerness to distance Anglo-Saxon England from its classical definitions, but also perhaps consciously deny a particular aspect of its current political situation. From Isidore and Orosius, Bede specifically preserves the term adversa, the word fraught not only with locative, but potentially negative connotations (e.g. Harris has recently demonstrated, Anglo-Saxons likely viewed the Daci as synonymous with Dani (the Danes), and Gothi (derived from GetA¦) as the same as the Geats, the famous, if somewhat a historical Scandinavian tribe of Beowulf fame.
As noted above, the L-shaped England echoes the forms of the larger geographies that contain it, that of Europe, and then that of the world.
Could they refer to the conflict between the Saxons and the native Britons in the centuries following the departure of the Romans early in the fifth century, which gave rise to the legend of King Arthur?
Project leaders who engage colleagues in conversations in which expectations are fully explored and understood are likely to prevent interpersonal conflict and project stalemates later on.
As an example, experts compare the current climate of 2015 China to the climate of 1974 Pittsburgh.
These issues are just a glimpse at the problems that are strangling the livelihood of the industry. The conversation is going to be easier than you think, when you keep things in the proper perspective.
Business does not get done behind a PC and effective leaders understand they must influence from Gemba, not in their office! Talking on the phone, responding to emails or texts and engaging in casual or personal conversations during the walk is disrespectful to the people and will distract you from seeing what is really going on in your business.
The end result will be a growing support for Six Sigma across the organization and success will be achieved.
Most of the Biblical names found on the Hereford, Lambert, Henry of Mainz, the Psalter, and Ebstorf maps are perhaps, in many cases, borrowed directly from this earlier Anglo-Saxon work. Likewise, Scithia, here positioned east and slightly north of the island containing the scridefinnas (who are also mentioned in the Old English Orosius), might also have a presumed Scandinavian affiliation. Likewise, in England, the cities of Winchester and London, the twin capitals of the Anglo-Saxon world, hold the same relative position as does Rome and its lesser cities in the shape of Europe. They understand the dynamics involved in leadership building and have become very adept at identifying potential very early on and nurturing that potential. Look at a leader that spends the majority of their work day behind a desk and you will see someone that is ineffective, out of touch and unable to drive their business. You must have the mindset that there is no more important task you could be doing than the Gemba Walk.
Nearby is the region of containment of the tribes of Gog and Magog, situated near the northern ocean. Gallia commonly occurs in most other medieval maps of this region, both earlier and later than the Cottoniana map, precisely because of this marginalizing textual tradition.
Rome may still dominate the cartography of Europe, but, in the framed world of England, London and Winchester occupy the same space, and suggest a willingness and desire to assume a similar role. Ker dates the manuscript to the first quarter of the 11th century, though he notes that the composition of some of the material (e.g. These organizations create an environment of success for leaders, and the potential then rises.
The Cottoniana map, however, largely resists such characterization as adversa maximis Europae, choosing both to elide the classical inscriptions of Gaul and Germany, and then to leave the region almost entirely void. As Harris points out, King Alfreda€™s ninth century political victories over Danish enemies in England validate Anglo-Saxon Christendom over pagan beliefs from another edge of the world. And, finally, it bares some indications of a much later time, the age of the discoveries and the migration of the Northmen in the eighth, ninth, and 10th centuries.A  The correspondences of various names and descriptions in Adam of Bremen afford at least a possibility that the former sometimes drew from the same originals as the great northern annalist, while some of the names in the British Isles, in Gaul [France], and in the Far East and northeast, support the 10th century date, which most scholars are inclined to accept.
Similarly, Nicholas Howe chronicles how Anglo-Saxon missionaries journeying a€?backa€™ to Germanic heathendom replicate the pattern of and then supersede Augustinea€™s original mission from Rome to Canterbury. In both examples, Anglo-Saxon activities work to define new cultural edges in relation to an understood English centre. See Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing Anglo-Saxon (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957), item 193, pp. The Cottoniana map operates as a graphic analogue to such literary and conversionary efforts.
The elision of contemporary France may possibly derive from a combination of a Roman source and an understandable emphasis on Scandinavian regions.
If the map was drawn around 1050, this elision may also express the negative attitudes towards Normandy developing rapidly among some Anglo-Saxon factions.
Even if the absence of France and Normandy is a product of early ninth or 10th century Anglo-Saxon cultural concerns, this omission certainly could have taken on new meaning around 1050.

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    Directories, and any other documentation.
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    Portion of the U.S vendor I ordered from that indicates the.